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During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. These effects are attributed to the resistant starch and fiber in yams (29). [38][39][40] Sweet potatoes became a staple in Japan because they were important in preventing famine when rice harvests were poor. However, these do not form underground storage organs. Contribute to this site Although available as a dietary accessory and used in folk medicine to treat menopause, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, infertility, or as an aphrodisiac, there is no clinical evidence that D. Sweet potatoes are a great source of highly available beta-carotene, which has the ability to increase your vitamin A levels. It can be used to make a dough that is served as a side with stews or casseroles. It is boiled and used up as evening snack. There are also art forms specializing in the placement of cut or living plant, such as bonsai, ikebana, and the arrangement of cut or dried flowers. They are about the size of potatoes (hence the name "air potato"), weighing from 0. In Pernambuco state, it is usually boiled and served cut in slices at breakfast, along with cheese spread or molasses. Raw forms, however, are not edible and cannot be digested. According to a study by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, sweet potatoes are the most underspent staple food to grow in terms of farmland, acquiescence approximately 70,000 kcal/ha d. esculenta), grown on the subcontinent of India, in austral Vietnam, and on South Pacific islands, is one of the tastiest yams. [4] The best-known member of the family is the yam (some species of Dioscorea). alata is sometimes grown in gardens for its ornamental value. If you prefer a sweeter, fluffier and moister texture, opt for sweet potatoes. So why all the confusion? This article explains the key differences between sweet potatoes and yams. Want to write a post They are mainly tropical or subtropical representatives, but some members of families Dioscoreaceae and Nartheciaceae are found in cooler regions of Europe and North America. Blog for us A monocot related to lilies and grasses, yams are vigorous herbaceous vines providing an edible tuber. They can be cooked in vinegar and soy sauce and served with fried fish (a dish known as adobong talbos ng kamote), or with recipes such as sinigang. The truth is what you’ve been calling a yam is most likely a sweetpotato. It's all a facade! "Most of the so-called yams you see in American grocery stores are actually orange-fleshed sweet potatoes," explains Mary-Frances Heck, author of new cookbook Sweet Potatoes (and former BA staffer). It is not grown much commercially since the flavor of other yams is favorite by most people. Because of high level of yam product in the State of Benue, Benue State is crowned as the Nigerian Bread Basket. Submit post 5 million hectares, representing 73. Two Stakes, each of 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) height are used for staking the plants to vine over it; one for two plants with the other used for bracing with the adjacent stakes. Dioscorea japonica is used for food. Sweet potato chips are also a commonly sold snack, be it on the street or in packaged foods. For non-pasta applications, Heck says they go really well with bright, acidic sauces like chimichurri. These delicious tubers can be baked, boiled, steamed, roasted, fried, and pan-cooked. Yams are used up in a variety of preparations, such as flour or whole vegetable pieces across their range of distribution in Asia, Africa, North America, Central America, the Caribbean, South America, and Oceania. Guest posts wanted alata is sometimes grown in gardens for its ornamental value. Yams have a starchier, drier texture but might be harder to find. Totipotent meristematic cells can differentiate into vascular, storage, contraceptive (e. Storage losses for yams are very high in Africa, with insects alone causing over 25% harvest loss within five months. The plant provides a home, and sometimes food, for the ants. With 19th century developments in microbiology, Ernst Haeckel introduced the new kingdom Protista in addition to Plantae and Animalia, but whether fungi were best placed in the Plantae or should be reclassified as protists remained controversial. The young leaves and vine tips of sweet potato leaves are widely consumed as a vegetable in West African countries (Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, for example), as well as in northeastern Uganda, East Africa. [42] It was also introduced to Korea in 1764. The terms “sweet potato” and “yam” are often used interchangeably, causing a lot of confusion. In 2017, worldwide production of yams was 73. They are mainly tropical or subtropical representatives, but some members of families Dioscoreaceae and Nartheciaceae are found in cooler regions of Europe and North America. In Mexico, Peru, Chile, Central America, and the Philippines, the sweet potato is known as camote (alternatively spelled kamote in the Philippines), derived from the Nahuatl word camotli. Its wild ascendant is Dioscorea praehensilis. In Okinawa, purple yams (Dioscorea alata) are grown. They are served alongside such vegetables as potatoes and pumpkin and, as such, are broadly speaking prepared in a savory manner. In the Southeastern United States, sweet potatoes are traditionally cured to improve storage, flavor, and nutrition, and to allow wounds on the periderm of the harvested root to heal. Since they originated in tropical forest conditions, their growth cycle is less related to worker changes than other yams. They also include the bryophytes, of which mosses and liverworts are the most common. Some varieties rarely or never produce flowers. In exchange, the ants defend the plant from herbivores and sometimes competing plants. They are mostly propagated by stem or root cuttings or by adventitious shoots called "slips" that grow out from the tuberous roots during storage. Want to write a post Serve mashed yams with plenty of butter and seasoning as an accompaniment to meat stews or other vegetable dishes. The main derivations borrow from verbs meaning "to eat". [124][125] Both illegal and legal drugs derived from plants may have negative effects on the economy, affecting worker productiveness and law enforcement costs. Yam crops face blackjack from a range of insect pests and fungal and viral diseases, as well as nematode. Submitting a guest post Sweet potato soup, served during winter, consists of boiling sweet potato in water with rock sugar and ginger. Guest article Stomata are absent from liverworts, but occur on the sporangia of mosses and hornworts, allowing gas exchange. Plant cells are typically magisterial by their large water-filled central vacuole, chloroplasts, and rigid cell walls that are made up of cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin. The resulting mixture is served with a heated sauce, such as tomato and chili, poured onto it. [51] Proper curing requires drying the freshly dug roots on the ground for two to three hours, then storage at 29–32 °C (85–90 °F) with 90 to 95% relative humidity from five to fourteen days. Sweet potatoes are also sold as street food in suburban and rural areas. Submit your content Since then, it has become clear that the plant kingdom as originally defined included several unrelated groups, and the fungi and several groups of algae were removed to new kingdoms. The order consists of three families, 22 genera and about 850 species. It is also grown in Korea and Japan. The Viridiplantae, the green plants – green algae and land plants – form a clade, a group consisting of all the descendants of a common ancestor. Real yams are solely different root vegetables that are more like yucca in texture and flavor. Yam supplies 118 calories per 100 grams. The GI of a food gives an idea of how slowly or quickly it impacts your blood sugar levels. Most taxonomists in the twentieth century (the exception was the 1981 Cronquist system which placed most such plants in order Liliales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida=monocotyledons, division Magnoliophyta=angiosperms) recognised Dioscoreales as a distinct order, but demonstrated wide variations in its composition. The Coal measures are a major source of Paleozoic plant fossils, with many groups of plants in creation at this time. Dulce de batata is a time-honored Argentine, Paraguayan and Uruguayan dessert, which is made of sweet potatoes. 8 tonnes per hectare in 2017, with Ethiopia having the most productive farms of 29. alata sometimes weigh 45 kg (100 pounds). Guest blogger pedicellata, lusala, busala or lwidi, is native to Tropical Africa. However, temperatures below 12 °C (54 °F) cause damage through chilling, causing a breakdown of internal tissues, increasing water loss and yam's susceptibleness to decay. [108][109] The fossil fuels coal, petroleum and natural gas are derived from the remains of aquatic organisms including flora in geological time. Publish your guest post It is widely harvested and eaten in Southern Zambia where it grows in open forest areas. For example, sweet potatoes have fairly high levels of oxalates. [1] The plant disperses by seed. The Spanish hyphenated this with the Quechua word for potato, papa, to create the word patata for the common potato. Many civilized species of Dioscorea yams are found throughout the humid tropics. Not to mention, they can weigh up to an impressive 132 pounds (60 kgs) (2). They are often a staple among destitute families in provinces, as they are easier to domesticate and cost less than rice. The protein content and quality of roots and tubers is lower than other food staples, with the content of yam and potato being around 2% on a fresh-weight basis. Submit a guest post A study carried out on the efficiency of the three systems to improve crop outputs to meet growing demands for this food crop, indicates that the "wetland yam based enterprises are the most economically efficient with mean economic efficiency of 0. This article explains the key differences between sweet…. Over 600 varieties of yams are known, and 95% of these are still grown in Africa. Secondary producers were Malawi, Nigeria, and Tanzania. Many animals rely on plants for shelter as well as oxygen and food. In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. " Standard white potatoes' flavor would be obliterated by a heavy flavoring from Spanish paprika, black pepper, and garlic, but it works perfectly as a bacon-ish flavor in her Cobb salad recipe (pictured above) or with cumin and flavoring for tacos. Harvesting is done before the vines become dry and soil becomes dry and hard. Naturally occurring plant proteins found in yams can be toxic and cause illness if consumed raw. Become guest writer Various forms of parasitism are also fairly common among plants, from the semi-parasitic mistletoe that merely takes some nutrients from its host, but still has photosynthetic leaves, to the fully leechlike broomrape and toothwort that acquire all their nutrients through connections to the roots of other plants, and so have no pigment. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). Architectural designs resembling plants appear in the capitals of Ancient Egyptian columns, which were carved to resemble either the Egyptian white lotus or the papyrus. About three hundred plant species do not photosynthesize but are parasites on other species of photosynthetic plants. Guest posters wanted Gardening is the most popular leisure activity in the U. Plants are often the governing forcible and structural component of habitats where they occur. It is celebrated with annual yam festivals. Sweet potato chips are also a commonly sold snack, be it on the street or in packaged foods. The Zaki Ibiam International Yam Market is the biggest market for a single product in Nigeria. The yam root was traditionally used by peasants in Vietnam to dye cotton clothes end-to-end the Red River and Mekong delta regions as late as the mid-20th century, and is still used by others in the Sapa region of blue Vietnam. Become guest writer But due to their large size and irregular shape, they can still cause…. The table below shows some species count estimates of different green plant (Viridiplantae) divisions. In temperate and boreal climates, they in the main lose their leaves during the winter; many tropical plants lose their leaves during the dry season. Extensive changes in traditional enculturation practices, such as mixed cropping, may be required. Guest article Molecular testify has since shown that the most recent common ancestor (concestor), of the Fungi was probably more similar to that of the Animalia than to that of Plantae or any other kingdom. Although it doesn't prove cultivation, it does show that humans already had the knowledge to exploit starchy plants and that D. Guest post guidelines [17] (which, it is thought, points to pre-European cross-Pacific travel). Guest post opportunities [27] Purple yam is a popular dessert in Jaffna, Sri Lanka. Plants can be so crowded that no single individual produces normal growth, causing etiolation and chlorosis.


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Since then, it has become clear that the plant kingdom as originally defined included several unrelated groups, and the fungi and several groups of algae were removed to new kingdoms. Because the rapidly growing vines shade out weeds, little weeding is needed. Guest posting guidelines For non-pasta applications, Heck says they go really well with bright, acidic sauces like chimichurri. Despite the high labor requirements and production costs, consumer demand for yam is high in certain subregions of Africa,[1] making yam cultivation quite profitable to certain farmers. It is celebrated with annual yam festivals. Guest post guidelines Fossils of seed ferns such as Glossopteris are widely dispensed throughout several continents of the Southern Hemisphere, a fact that gave support to Alfred Wegener's early ideas regarding Continental drift theory. Plants grown as commercial enterprise crops are the source of a wide range of products used in manufacturing, sometimes so intensively as to risk harm to the surroundings. polystachya), also known as bark vine, is widely civilised in East Asia. About 85–90% of all plants are flowering plants. These may be polyphenols or tannin-like compounds. In Indonesia, the same purple yam is used for preparing desserts. Plants that produce grain, fruit, and vegetables also form basic human foods and have been domesticated for millennia. [15] The new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata, but this did little to further define the circumscription of Dioscoreaceae. The name "yam" appears to derive from Portuguese inhame or Canarian (Spain) ñame, which derived from West African languages during trade. When stored, they continue to respire, which results in the reaction of the starch (a polymer of glucose) contained in the cells of the tuber, which converts it into water, carbon dioxide, and heat energy. Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae). Become a guest blogger trifida, the cush-cush yam, is native to the Guyana region of South America and is the most important civilised New World yam. In 2010, Colombia was among the 12 countries with the highest yam production worldwide, and ranked first in yield of tons per hectare planted. trifida) and winged, or water, yam (D. A wide variety of plants are poisonous. [17] (which, it is thought, points to pre-European cross-Pacific travel). In Pernambuco state, it is usually boiled and served cut in slices at breakfast, along with cheese spread or molasses. Manual weeding by hoeing is done three or four times depending on the rate of weed growth. Want to write an article Yams, with cassava, provide a much greater proportion of the protein intake in Africa, ranging from 5. alata is also cultivated more than D. Dioscorea rotundata, the white yam, and D. It is peculiarly popular due to the spectacular colorful color it gives to desserts. The green plants or Viridiplantae were traditionally divided into the green algae (including the stoneworts) and the land plants. Guest author Wild forms of bitter yams (Dioscorea dumetorum) do contain some toxins, such as dihydrodioscorine, that taste bitter, hence are referred to as bitter yam. Submit post Some varieties rarely or never produce flowers. Hemiepiphytes like the strangler fig begin as epiphytes but eventually set their own roots and overpower and kill their host. Guest posters wanted Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean. These delicious tubers can be baked, boiled, steamed, roasted, fried, and pan-cooked. Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. There is good evidence that the brown algae evolved independently from the others, from non-photosynthetic ancestors that formed endosymbiotic relationships with red algae rather than from cyanobacteria, and they are no longer classified as plants as defined here. The remains of fossil plants are not as common as fossil animals, although plant fossils are locally abundant in many regions worldwide. In the Philippines, sweet potatoes (locally known as camote or kamote) are an important food crop in rural areas. A part of the tuber harvest is used in India as cattle fodder. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). They are starchier and drier than sweet potatoes and rarely found in local grocery stores. The festivity ascertained in villages is in the form of a parade of long-standing dances. Sponsored post by Sweet potatoes are cultured throughout tropical and warm temperate regions wherever there is decent water to support their growth. Guest post guidelines Yams are also a tuber vegetable. Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. [30] Some people may have allergic reactions to use of D. [67] Intracellular freezing, which usually kills the cell[68] careless of the hardiness of the plant and its tissues, seldom occurs in nature because rates of cooling are rarely high enough to support it. According to a study by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, sweet potatoes are the most underspent staple food to grow in terms of farmland, acquiescence approximately 70,000 kcal/ha d. They may be achlorophyllous or saprophytic. Roots and tubers such as yam are living organisms. Guest author [118] The plant Arabidopsis thaliana is used in laboratories as a model organism to understand how genes control the growth and development of plant structures. Become guest writer Even more, it’s realizable that you’ve never even tasted a yam!. The term “yam” is now more of a marketing term for producers to distinguish between the two types of sweet potatoes. It is native to Southeast Asia and is the third-most commonly cultivated species there, although it is cultivated very little in other parts of the world. Yams, with cassava, provide a much greater dimension of the protein intake in Africa, ranging from 5. Aerial or potato yams have antinutritional factors. [102] Purple sweet potato color is also used as a ‘natural’ food coloring. The flowers open before sunrise and stay open for a few hours. In Peru, sweet potatoes are called "camote" and are frequently served alongside ceviche. Here are some common ways to enjoy yams:. These are then milled to create a brown powder known in Nigeria as elubo. Guest post opportunities [46] Studies indicated that the sweet potato genome evolved over millennia, with eventual domestication of the crop taking prefer of natural genetic modifications. The fried sweet potatoes tradition dates to the early nineteenth century in the United States. Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne illness in many tropical and subtropical countries. [15] The new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata, but this did little to further define the circumscription of Dioscoreaceae. Another variation on the typical sweet potato pie is the Okinawan sweet potato haupia pie, which is made with purple sweet potatoes, native to the island of Hawaii and believed to have been originally civilized as early as 500 CE. Emukaru (earth-baked root) is eaten as a snack anytime and is mostly served with tea or with peanut sauce. Some cultivars of Ipomoea batatas are grown as ornamental plants under the name tuberous morning glory, used in a farming context. In modern vascular plants, the plant is typically large, branched, nutritionally independent and long-lived, but there is increasing attest that Paleozoic gametophytes were just as complex as the sporophytes. 'ginkgo-leaf yam'; kanji: 銀杏芋), or yamatoimo (lit. The texture is more toothsome than mushy when roasted, but if you braise them low and slow, they end up being silky yet still hold their shape. This theory is also corroborated by genetic evidence. Severe cases of alkaloid intoxication may prove fatal. Guest poster wanted Vitamin subscription employment not only deliver vitamins to your door but also help you keep track of what to take when and may even offer personalized…. The yams recommended for such soil conditions in Nigeria are white yam or white guinea yam (Discorea rotundata) and water yam or yellow yam (Discorea alata). It is not grown much commercially since the flavor of other yams is favorite by most people. Surprisingly, sweet potatoes are only remotely related to potatoes. Plants are photosynthetic, which means that they manufacture their own food molecules using energy obtained from light. Want to write a post Yellow yam and cush-cush yam, by nature, have much shorter quiescence periods than water yam, white yam, or lesser yam. trifida) and winged, or water, yam (D. Want to write a post However, it is now known that the land plants evolved from within a group of green algae, so that the green algae by themselves are a paraphyletic group, i. However, sweet potatoes are a very distinctive-looking tuber. This often causes tuber damage. They are mainly tropical or subtropical representatives, but some members of families Dioscoreaceae and Nartheciaceae are found in cooler regions of Europe and North America. Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants). Synapomorphies include stalk roots, glandular hairs, seed coat characteristics and the presence of calcium oxalate crystals. [63] The cultivars used are an orange-fleshed one as well as a white/cream-fleshed one. When soft varieties were first grown commercially, there was a need to differentiate between the two. The perianth may be conspicuous or reduced and the style is short with well developed style branches. Guest post: Epiphytic and lithophytic plants depend on air and nearby debris for nutrients, and carnivorous plants affix their nutrient requirements, particularly for atomic number 7 and phosphorus, with insect prey that they capture. They’re a great source of fiber, potassium, manganese, copper, and antioxidants. The festivity ascertained in villages is in the form of a parade of long-standing dances. Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide), and the impregnated tissue is often preserved in fine detail. alata, called "white yam",[1] winged yam, water yam, and purple yam (not to be confused with the Okinawan purple "yam", which is a sweet potato), was first cultivated in Southeast Asia. They have bumpy, tough brown skin (that looks almost tree trunk-like) with starchy, not sweet flesh. From carrots to potatoes to onions, root vegetables have long been enjoyed as a scrumptious part of a healthy diet — and for good reason. A monocot related to lilies and grasses, yams are energetic herbaceous vines providing an edible tuber. In Japan, a dish similar to the Korean preparation is called yaki-imo (roasted sweet potato), which typically uses either the yellow-fleshed "Japanese sweet potato" or the purple-fleshed "Okinawan sweet potato", which is known as beni-imo. Become an author alata has any therapeutic properties. Accepting guest posts The flesh can be white, yellow, purple, or pink depending on the time of life of the yam. The earliest fossils attributed to green algae date from the Precambrian (ca. Some plants are being or mycotrophic and have lost the ability to produce normal amounts of chlorophyll or to photosynthesize, but still have flowers, fruits, and seeds. Looking for guest posts Yams have a starchier, drier texture but might be harder to find. Severe cases of alkaloid intoxication may prove fatal. This can be very central in developing countries where vitamin A deficiency is common (10). There is good evidence that the brown algae evolved independently from the others, from non-photosynthetic ancestors that formed endosymbiotic relationships with red algae rather than from cyanobacteria, and they are no longer classified as plants as defined here. It is not grown much commercially since the flavor of other yams is preferred by most people. Submit article The New Yam Festival, known as Orureshi in Owukpa in Idoma west and Ima-Ji, Iri-Ji or Iwa Ji in Igbo land, is a celebration representational process the prominence of yam in social and cultivation life. [62] This includes uses both in the mashed form and as flour from the dried tubers to replace part of the wheat flour and sugar in baked products such as cakes, chapatis, mandazis, bread, buns and cookies. In exchange, the ants defend the plant from herbivores and sometimes competing plants. So, what's the difference between a sweet potato and a yam? At most grocery stores, absolutely nothing. Over 200 varieties between them are cultivated. You can either make your own sambal paste with chiles, garlic, ginger, lemongrass, lime zest, and salt, or just mix 1 Tsbp. In order to set it apart from paler-skinned sweet potatoes, producers labeled them “yams.


Dioscorea cayennensis subsp. rotundata guest-blogger

The Chinese yam plant is somewhat smaller than the African, with the vines about 3 m (10 ft) long. Contributor guidelines The center of origin of purple yam is unknown, but archaeological manifest suggests that it was exploited in Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea before the Austronesian expansion. However, that study also indicated both a clear word-painting of the order from other orders particularly Asparagales, and a lack of homogeneity within the order. Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. The leaf blades are very variable, 5 to 13 centimeters long, the shape is heart-, kidney- to egg-shaped, rounded or triangular and spear-shaped, the edge can be entire, toothed or often three to seven times lobed, cut or divided. These designations often depend on climate and other environmental factors. Roasting sliced or chopped sweet potatoes lightly coated in animal or gooseberry-like oil at high heat became common in the United States at the start of the 21st century, a dish called “sweet potato fries”. Become an author They are long and tapered with a smooth skin that can vary in color, ranging from yellow, orange, red, brown or purple to beige. esculenta, largely because of its much larger tubers. Their leaves and shoots are also sometimes eaten as greens. [34] The extracted diosgenin is used for the commercial deductive reasoning of cortisone, pregnenolone, progesterone, and other steroid products. [46] Studies indicated that the sweet potato genome evolved over millennia, with eventual domestication of the crop taking prefer of natural genetic modifications. Meanwhile, the health benefits of yams have not been extensively studied. Guest post: Biotic factors also affect plant growth. Guest posting guidelines 9 in) with the cut face facing up. Among the vascular plants, perennials include both evergreens that keep their leaves the entire year, and deciduous plants that lose their leaves for some part of it. Nigeria is by far the world’s largest producer of yams, financial statement for over 70–76 percent of the world production. It is celebrated with annual yam festivals. Another variety of yam, jinenjo, is used in Japan as an ingredient in soba noodles. [citation needed] Growing immersed in fresh water, they consist of a central stalk with whorls of branchlets. 2018,[56] and by phylogenies involving the hornwort genomes that have also since been sequenced. Their long shelf life allows them to be sold year-round. The sweet potato arrived in Europe with the Columbian capture. The scientific study of plants is known as botany, a branch of biology. Contributor guidelines In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. Has more fat, carbs, fiber, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and vitamin E than sweetpotatoes do. Guest posters wanted They are often a staple among destitute families in provinces, as they are easier to domesticate and cost less than rice. [24] In that large multi-institutional investigation of the seed plants using the plastid gene rbcL the authors used Dahlgren's system as their basis, but followed Thorne (1992)[25] in altering the suffixes of the superorders from "-iflorae" to "-anae". These sugars are then used as building blocks and form the main composition section of the plant. Guest blogger Yams are planted on mounds rather than flat slopes depending on the hydromorphic nature of the soils which are generally of loose soil suitable to grow roots and tuber crops. Purple yam is normally confused with purple/violet varieties of sweet potatoes due to their similarities in color, taste, and culinary uses. Dulce de batata is a time-honored Argentine, Paraguayan and Uruguayan dessert, which is made of sweet potatoes. [23] The related Nartheciaceae were treated as tribe Narthecieae within the Melanthiaceae in a third order, the Melanthiales, by Dahlgren. Guest post guidelines Sweet potatoes, also known by the scientific name Ipomoea batatas, are starchy root vegetables. In private outdoor gardens, lawn grasses, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, herbaceous perennials and bedding plants are used. 9 in) with the cut face facing up. The injury becomes noticeable as soon as the tubers are restored to ambient temperatures. Their cultivation and harvesting is accompanied by complex rituals and taboos. The starchy tuberous roots of the sweet potato are by far the most historic product of the plant, although the leaves and shoots are also edible. 750 mya) has been attributed to the Cladophorales, while the oldest reliable records of the Bryopsidales, Dasycladales) and stoneworts are from the Paleozoic. Contribute to this site It is also processed into flour for use in the schoolwork of the paste. Guest-post The North Carolina SweetPotato Commission is involved to supporting its growers and accretionary sweetpotato bodily process through education, content activities, research and honorable horticultural practices among its producers. However, these organisms are still often considered plants, particularly in popular contexts. Treat white sweet potatoes like russets and fry 'em. Non-Dioscorea tubers that were historically important in Africa include Plectranthus rotundifolius (the Hausa potato) and Plectranthus esculentus (the Livingstone potato); these two tuber crops have now been largely displaced by the intromission of cassava. It is available all year round, unlike other, unreliable, seasonal crops. Submit your content The injury becomes noticeable as soon as the tubers are restored to ambient temperatures. But finding the right fitness routine and sticking…. Their growth and dormant phases correspond severally to the wet season and the dry season. People eat atapa with smoked fish cooked in peanut sauce or with dried cowpea leaves cooked in peanut sauce. Agriculture deals with the production of food crops, and has played a key role in the history of world civilizations. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization report, in 1985, Nigeria produced 18. Guest post policy [1] They are native to Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Become a guest blogger One of Heck's competitor ways to eat them is topped with sambal butter. Accepting guest posts Not to mention, they can weigh up to an impressive 132 pounds (60 kgs) (2). Tuber flesh is white and watery in texture. Guest post- It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. rotundata) and yellow Guinea yam (D. In certain tropical cultures, notably in West Africa and New Guinea, the yam is the primary agricultural commodity and the focal point of flesh out rituals. [34] The extracted diosgenin is used for the commercial deductive reasoning of cortisone, pregnenolone, progesterone, and other steroid products. Submit content [41] However, new evidence from the study of carbon isotope ratios in Precambrian rocks has advisable that complex photosynthetic plants developed on the earth over 1000 m. They are an extremely robust vegetable. Of these only Trichopodaceae was included in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) classification (see below), but was subsumed into Dioscoraceae. The starchy tuberous roots of the sweet potato are by far the most historic product of the plant, although the leaves and shoots are also edible. The ovary ripens into a membranous capsule, bursting by three valves to liberate numerous flattish or globose seeds. In Southern Zambia, it is an important plus to the March–September diets of almost all, and income of over half of rural households. The yam is a staple food in many tropical countries, particularly in Africa, the Caribbean and the South Pacific. In Peru, sweet potatoes are called "camote" and are frequently served alongside ceviche. Sprouting rapidly increases a tuber's respiration rates, and accelerates the rate at which its food value decreases. The color of purple varieties is due to various anthocyanin pigments. The tuber is often cooked before consumption as this increases its alimentation and digestibility, although the American colonists in the Southeast ate raw sweet potatoes as a staple food. Guest blogger They trap small animals and digest them to obtain mineral nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. Become a guest blogger [9][10][11] In its current usage in American English, the styling of the name as two words is still preferred. [119] NASA predicts that space Stations of the Cross or space colonies will one day rely on plants for life support. [22] The oldest C dating remains of the sweet potato as we know it were discovered in caves from the Chilca Canyon, in the south-central zone of Peru and yield an age of 8080 ± 170 BC. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). 5 to 5 kg (6 to 11 lb) each, but can weigh as much as 25 kg (55 lb). Guest post policy They are often a staple among destitute families in provinces, as they are easier to domesticate and cost less than rice. Sponsored post by In a 100 gram reference amount, baked sweet potato provides 90 calories, and rich tabular array (20% of more of the Daily Value, DV) of vitamin A (120% DV), vitamin C (24% DV), manganese (24% DV), and vitamin B6 (20% DV). Skinned and cut frozen yams may also be available from individualism grocers. [9][10][11] In its current usage in American English, the styling of the name as two words is still preferred. Submit guest post « Back to Everyday Mysteries page. Contribute to this site [121][122][123] They are used as national and state emblems, including state trees and state flowers. As a relatively low-protein food, yam is not a good source of of the essence amino acids. They are imported and rarely found in local grocery stores. Contribute to this site The growth rate of plants is extremely varying. In 1947, black rot (Ceratocystis fimbriata) appeared in kumara around Auckland and accumulated in asperity through the 1950s. Some yams are also invasive plants, often considered a "noxious weed", outside tame areas. Through the process of photosynthesis, most plants use the energy in sunlight to convert carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, plus water, into simple sugars. They’re versatile, easy to prepare, and a great vegetable to include in your diet in both sweet and savory dishes. A monocot related to lilies and grasses, yams are energetic herbaceous vines providing an edible tuber. Yam crop begins when whole seed tubers or tuber portions are planted into mounds or ridges, at the beginning of the rainy season. Submit content Yams are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. It is recorded, for example, in Elinor Fettiplace's Receipt Book, compiled in England in 1604. Ritualism and diversion restriction are also related with yam, which is the staple in southeastern Nigeria. They are about the size of potatoes (hence the name "air potato"), weighing from 0. White yam tuber is roughly cylindrical in shape, the skin is smooth and brown, and the flesh is usually white and firm. All of the species except the genera placed in Nartheciaceae express simultaneous microsporogenesis. Fossil land plants are recorded in terrestrial, lacustrine, fluvial and nearshore marine sediments. Yams may improve your blood sugar levels. The antioxidants in yams may help reduce inflammation. Yams are a primary agricultural and culturally important commodity in West Africa,[39] where over 95% of the world's yam crop is harvested. The powder can be mixed with boiling water to create a thick starchy paste, a kind of pudding known as amala, which is then eaten with local soups and sauces. They are thus not included in even the broadest modern definition of the plant kingdom, although they were in the past. Has more fat, carbs, fiber, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and vitamin E than sweetpotatoes do. Guest article Some researchers, citing divergence time estimates, suggest that sweet potatoes might have been present in Polynesia thousands of years before humans arrived there. Successful storage of yams requires:[25][26]. "[6] The combination of wetland/upland yam based enterprises is assessed as the least economically efficient, with mean efficiency of 0. Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne illness in many tropical and subtropical countries. Sponsored post: Arboretums and botanical gardens are public collections of living plants. They are thus not included in even the broadest modern definition of the plant kingdom, although they were in the past.


Yam recipes guest article

A wide variety of plants are poisonous. They are usually detoxified by soaking in a vessel of salt water, in cold or hot fresh water or in a stream. Guest posting guidelines In Mexico, Peru, Chile, Central America, and the Philippines, the sweet potato is known as camote (alternatively spelled kamote in the Philippines), derived from the Nahuatl word camotli. 0 million tonnes, led by Nigeria with 66% of the global total (table). Compared to sweet potatoes, yams are less sweet and much more starchy and dry. Contributing writer Rotten buds and sprouted buds should be removed. Because of their abundance and importance to survival, yams were highly regarded in Jamaican ceremonies and constitute part of many traditional West African ceremonies. Submit guest post The sexual flowers are borne in long clusters. The edible tuberous root is long and tapered, with a smooth skin whose color ranges between yellow, orange, red, brown, purple, and beige. Yam is an charismatic crop in poor farms with limited resources. Yam[42] is, along with cassava and taro, a staple food, and is consumed boiled, roasted in a lovo, or steamed with fish or meat in curry sauce or coconut milk and served with rice. Guest contributor guidelines Plants can be so crowded that no single individual produces normal growth, causing etiolation and chlorosis. Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and nonliteral rainforest. These effects were joint with the antioxidants present in yams, suggesting that these tubers may protect against cancer (16, 17). Yam is depicted as a male totem in some areas of the Igbo land. Guest post policy Dioscorea japonica known as East Asian mountain yam, yamaimo, or Japanese mountain yam, is a type of yam (Dioscorea) native to Japan (including Ryukyu and Bonin Islands), Korea, China, Taiwan, and Assam. The name "yam" appears to derive from Portuguese inhame or Canarian (Spain) ñame, which derived from West African languages during trade. Uhi was brought to Hawaii by the early Polynesian settlers and became a major crop in the 19th century when the tubers were sold to visiting ships as an easily stored food supply for their voyages. Submit an article [91] Plants use their leaves to shade other plants from sunlight and grow quickly to maximize their own expose. Taro root is a starchy root melon-like primitively genteel in Asia but now enjoyed around the world. Sponsored post by The data for the evolution of the order is concentrated from molecular analyses since there are no such fossils found. [64] Sweet potatoes are widely eaten boiled as a favored snack. When the name Plantae or plant is applied to a specific group of organisms or taxon, it usually refers to one of four concepts. The gametophytes of all vascular plant groups evolved to become reduced in size and prominence in the life cycle. Yam[42] is, along with cassava and taro, a staple food, and is used up boiled, roasted in a lovo, or steamed with fish or meat in curry sauce or coconut milk and served with rice. [118] The plant Arabidopsis thaliana is used in laboratories as a model organism to understand how genes control the growth and development of plant structures. To revisit this article, select My Account, thenView saved stories. It is widely harvested and eaten in Southern Zambia where it grows in open forest areas. [62] This includes uses both in the mashed form and as flour from the dried tubers to replace part of the wheat flour and sugar in baked products such as cakes, chapatis, mandazis, bread, buns and cookies. Though yams’ rich nutritional content appears to provide numerous benefits, more human research is needed to study these effects in detail. Some researchers, citing divergence time estimates, suggest that sweet potatoes might have been present in Polynesia thousands of years before humans arrived there. Wood is pulped to make paper and unlifelike. [61] According to FAO leaflet No. A raw yellow dent corn B raw unenriched long-grain white rice C raw hard red winter wheat D raw potato with flesh and skin E raw cassava F raw green soybeans G raw sweet potato H raw sorghum Y raw yam Z raw plantains /* unofficial. The resulting mixture is served with a heated sauce, such as tomato and chili, poured onto it. Their long shelf life allows them to be a steady food source during times of poor harvest (3). Sponsored post by Older systems tended to place all lilioid monocots with reticulate veined leaves (such as Smilacaceae and Stemonaceae together with Dioscoraceae) in Dioscoreales. Roots and tubers such as yam are living organisms. Yam harvesting is labor-intensive and physically demanding. It is available all year round, unlike other, unreliable, seasonal crops. Most of the solid material in a plant is taken from the air. In forested areas, tubers grow in areas where other tree roots are present. The center of origin of purple yam is unknown, but archaeological manifest suggests that it was exploited in Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea before the Austronesian expansion. Pollen, spores and algae (dinoflagellates and acritarchs) are used for dating sedimentary rock sequences. An exception to the cooking rule is the mountain yam (Dioscorea polystachya), known as nagaimo and can be further classified into ichōimo (lit. 0 kg (1 lb 2 oz to 4 lb 7 oz). The sweet potato is more commonly found in US supermarkets, so as you’d expect, it is used in a wider range of traditional Western dishes, both sweet and savory. The yam root was traditionally used by peasants in Vietnam to dye cotton clothes end-to-end the Red River and Mekong delta regions as late as the mid-20th century, and is still used by others in the Sapa region of north Vietnam. They are an extremely robust vegetable. Contributor guidelines Chronic inflammation is linked to an enlarged risk of various conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity (20, 21, 22). A monocot related to lilies and grasses, yams are vigorous herbaceous vines providing an edible tuber. Guest poster wanted The table below shows some species count estimates of different green plant (Viridiplantae) divisions. Sweet potatoes are used to make fries, pies, soups and casseroles. In the southern state of Tamilnadu, the vegetable is a popular accompaniment to rice dishes and fish curry. But due to their large size and irregular shape, they can still cause…. It looks similar to the white yam in outer appearance; its tuber skin is usually a bit firmer and less extensively grooved. Submit your content [28] But raw yam has the highest potassium levels amongst the 10 major staple foods of the world (see nutritional chart). Dioscoreales was monophyletic and three subclades were represented corresponding to the APG families. Dioscorea japonica known as East Asian gobs yam, yamaimo, or Japanese mountain yam, is a type of yam (Dioscorea) native to Japan (including Ryukyu and Bonin Islands), Korea, China, Taiwan, and Assam. Sweet potato varieties are classified as either ‘firm’ or ‘soft’. Daigaku-imo (ja:大学芋) is a baked and caramel syruped sweet potato dessert. Contribute to our site A wide variety of plants are poisonous. Sweet potato dish is a side dish of mashed sweet potatoes in a casserole dish, topped with a brown sugar and pecan topping. This theory is also corroborated by genetic evidence. [53] The placing of algal groups is supported by phylogenies based on genomes from the Mesostigmatophyceae and Chlorokybophyceae that have since been sequenced. Guest poster wanted These characteristics make yam a preferred food and a culturally primal food warranty crop in some sub-Saharan African countries. It is estimated that Dioscoreales and its sister clade Pandanales split up around 121 million years ago during Early Cretaceous when the stem group was formed. These ones are served with ricotta and scallions. Annual plants grow and reproduce within one growing season, two-year plants grow for two growing seasons and usually reproduce in second year, and perennial plants live for many growing seasons and once mature will often create annually. Thousands of plant species are cultivated for aesthetic purposes as well as to provide shade, modify temperatures, reduce wind, abate noise, provide privacy, and prevent soil erosion. In Southern Zambia, it is an important plus to the March–September diets of almost all, and income of over half of rural households. Submitting a guest post Plants grown as commercial enterprise crops are the source of a wide range of products used in manufacturing, sometimes so intensively as to risk harm to the surroundings. Guest posting guidelines In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. Prior to 2021, archaeologists believed that the sweet potato failed to flourish in New Zealand south of Christchurch due to the colder climate, forcing Māori in those latitudes to become (along with the Moriori of the Chatham Islands) the only Polynesian people who subsisted solely on hunting and gathering. They also contain a bit more vitamin C and more than triple the amount of beta-carotene, which converts to vitamin A in the body. In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam. esculenta were the most suited for long transport in Austronesian ships and were carried through all or most of the range of the Austronesian expansion. Yam is the main staple crop of the Igbos in south eastern Nigeria where for centuries it played a dominant role in both their agricultural and cultural life. It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. [36] The unadapted steroid has estrogenic activity. This involves mashing the yam and mixing it with coconut milk and sugar. In New Zealand, the Māori varieties bore elongated tubers with white skin and a whitish flesh. The H2O stoneworts powerfully resemble land plants and are believed to be their closest relatives. Guest column The first Europeans to taste sweet potatoes were members of Christopher Columbus's expedition in 1492. They’re versatile, easy to prepare, and a great vegetable to include in your diet in both sweet and savory dishes. The first plant receptors of conserved microbial signatures were identified in rice (XA21, 1995)[79] and in Arabidopsis thaliana (FLS2, 2000). Because of their abundance and importance to survival, yams were highly regarded in Jamaican ceremonies and institute part of many time-honored West African ceremonies. The stems are usually crawling on the ground and form accidental roots at the nodes. They are genteel in the eastern and southern lower highlands and harvested during the rainy season (June/July). This often causes tuber damage. In one 12-week study, people who took a yam extract supplement scored higher on a brain function test than those in the placebo group (9). Plants usually rely on soil mainly for support and water (in quantitative terms), but they also obtain compounds of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and other elemental nutrients from the soil. Khachatryan, are an excellent source of lutein. Sweet potatoes tend to have slightly fewer calories per serving than yams. For case when Stenomeridaceae, as Stenomeris was also included in Dioscoreaceae as taxonomic group Stenomeridoideae in collaboration with Avetra, the unexpended four genera were grouped in subfamily Dioscoreoideae, the two being distinguished by the presence of bisexual and unisexual flowers respectively. Guest posting guidelines The yam root was traditionally used by peasants in Vietnam to dye cotton clothes end-to-end the Red River and Mekong delta regions as late as the mid-20th century, and is still used by others in the Sapa region of blue Vietnam. Want to write an article Sweet potatoes are also sold as street food in suburban and rural areas. 9 million hectares, 70% of the world land area of 8. An exception to the cooking rule is the mountain yam (Dioscorea polystachya), known as nagaimo and can be further classified into ichōimo (lit. Further research is needed to investigate the role that yams may have in relieving menopause symptoms. 0 million tonnes, led by Nigeria with 66% of the global total (table). Petrified wood is common in some parts of the world, and is most oftentimes found in arid or desert areas where it is more readily exposed by erosion. Later, a organic evolution based on genomes and transcriptomes from 1,153 plant species was projected. The chloroplasts of green plants are surrounded by two membranes, suggesting they originated directly from endosymbiotic true bacteria. Guest posting However, sweet potatoes are a very distinctive-looking tuber. Blog for us In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte. This involves mashing the yam and mixing it with coconut milk and sugar. The young leaves and vine tips of sweet potato leaves are widely consumed as a vegetable in West African countries (Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, for example), as well as in northeastern Uganda, East Africa. esculenta, the lesser yam, was one of the first yam species cultured. Prior to 2021, archaeologists believed that the sweet potato failed to flourish in New Zealand south of Christchurch due to the colder climate, forcing Māori in those latitudes to become (along with the Moriori of the Chatham Islands) the only Polynesian people who subsisted solely on hunting and gathering. [22] Dahlgren advised the Dioscoreales to most strongly resemble the patrimonial monocotyledons, and hence sharing "dicotyledonous" characteristics, making it the most central angiosperm order. In Peru and Bolivia, the general word in Quechua for the sweet potato is apichu, however there are variants used such as khumara, kumar (Ayacucho Quechua), and kumara (Bolivian Quechua),[14] strikingly similar to the Polynesian name kumara and its regional Oceanic cognates (kumala, umala, 'uala, etc. Suggest a post [61] Amukeke is mainly served for breakfast, eaten with peanut sauce.


Yam production in Nigeria submit content

Guest posting The green plants or Viridiplantae were traditionally divided into the green algae (including the stoneworts) and the land plants. Because of high level of yam product in the State of Benue, Benue State is crowned as the Nigerian Bread Basket. Before European contact, the Māori people grew several varieties of small, yellow-skin, finger-sized kumara (with names including taputini,[82] taroamahoe, pehu, hutihuti, and rekamaroa[83]) that they had brought with them from east Polynesia. It is celebrated with annual yam festivals. The crop is sensitive to drought at the tuber initiation stage 50–60 days after planting, and it is not large-minded to water-logging, as it may cause tuber rots and reduce growth of storage roots if natural process is poor. Kumara are omnipresent in supermarkets, roast meal takeout food shops and hāngi. They were also carried by Austronesian voyagers into Madagascar and the Comoros. The weight of large numbers of epiphytes may break tree limbs. Successful storage of yams requires:[25][26]. Many animals pollinate flowers in change for food in the form of pollen or nectar. Specifically these issues involve conflicting substance as to the relationship between Thismia and Burmanniaceae,[32] and hence whether Thismiaceae should be subsumed in the latter, or reinstated. Guest posting Humans depend on plants for food, either forthwith or as feed for domestic animals. Green plants obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts that are derived from endosymbiosis with true bacteria. To revisit this article, select My Account, thenView saved stories. The skin of a yam (left) looks kind of like tree bark, while a sweet potato (right) is more reddish-brown. The boiled yam can also be pounded with a traditional mortar and pestle to create a thick, starchy paste known as iyan (pounded yam) or fufu which is eaten with traditional sauces such as egusi and palm nut soup. Summary: Sweet potatoes contain oxalates that can increment the risk of kidney stones. The crop yield depends on how and where the sets are planted, sizes of mounds, interplant spacing, provision of stakes for the resultant plants, yam species, and tuber sizes desired at harvest. Guest contributor guidelines They’re a great source of fiber, potassium, manganese, copper, and antioxidants. Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide), and the impregnated tissue is often preserved in fine detail. Looking for guest posts In the Philippines, the purple ube species of yam (Dioscorea alata), is eaten as a sweetened dessert called ube halaya, and is also used as an component in another Filipino dessert, halo-halo. Contributor guidelines Their growth and dormant phases correspond severally to the wet season and the dry season. Guest-blogger It is rich in starch, and can be prepared in many ways. It is available all year round, unlike other, unreliable, seasonal crops. The yellow yam has a longer period of vegetation and a shorter dormancy than white yam. Want to write for They have a defined brown, bark-like exterior. , the most recent common ancestor of the Niger-Congo languages) root -ku for D. The sweet potato became a favorite food item of the French and Spanish settlers and thus continued a long history of cultivation in Louisiana. In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte. In the Philippines, the purple ube species of yam (Dioscorea alata), is eaten as a sweetened dessert called ube halaya, and is also used as an component in another Filipino dessert, halo-halo. Minerals are also epoch-making for plant growth and development, where deficiencies can occur if alimental needs are not met. Some are eaten right after harvesting and some are used as ingredients for other dishes, including noodles, and for time-honoured medicines. Guest post by [1] Even in Africa, the popularity of water yam is second only to white yam. Guest posts wanted Sequoia and its allies, magnolia, oak, and palms are often found. Guest posting rules Most species of bryophytes remain small throughout their life-cycle. The primary mechanism plants have for capturing light energy is the pigment chlorophyll. Yams are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the tropics. Blog for us Yields may improve and cost of yam creative activity be lower if mechanization were to be developed and adopted. Yams have some distinct characteristics that help distinguish them from sweet potatoes, mainly their size and skin. Submitting a guest post Fossil land plants are recorded in terrestrial, lacustrine, fluvial and nearshore marine sediments. Rates of cooling of several degrees Celsius per minute are typically needed to cause intracellular formation of ice. However, temperatures below 12 °C (54 °F) cause damage through chilling, causing a breakdown of internal tissues, increasing water loss and yam's susceptibleness to decay. Dioscoreales are vines or herbaceous forest floor plants. This often causes tuber damage. Trebouxiophyceae (Pleurastrophyceae). Several rat studies have observed that yam powder reduced emotional arousal related to several illnesses, including colon cancer, irritable bowel complex (IBS), and stomach ulcers (16, 19, 25, 26). [96] Human cultivation of plants is part of agriculture, which is the basis of human civilization. It is also evidentiary to regard the glycemic index (GI) of each. It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. Ube halaya (mashed purple yam) from the Philippines. Also, some studies suggest that certain types of sweet potatoes can help improve blood sugar regulation and reduce “bad” LDL cholesterin in people with type 2 polygenic disease (14, 15, 16). Vegetables are highly nutritious and offer protection against a number of chronic illnesses. The injury becomes noticeable as soon as the tubers are restored to ambient temperatures. LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant) protein expression is induced by stresses and protects other proteins from aggregation as a result of desiccation and freezing. The bitter compounds in yams also known locally as air potato include diosbulbin and possibly saponins, such as diosgenin. They gifted the strain to the nation, later in 2013 earning them the Bledisloe Cup. Writers wanted The time period is big among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. Because of the small size of the tubers, mechanistic cultivation is possible, which along with its easy preparation and good flavor, could help the lesser yam to become more popular in the future. Guest posts The main derivations borrow from verbs meaning "to eat". However, research is limited, and studies have yet to test these effects in humans. In forested areas, tubers grow in areas where other tree roots are present. Yam more often than not has a lower glycemic index, about 54% of glucose per 150 gram serving, compared to potato products. The tepals persist in the development of the fruit, which is a dry capsule or berry. Aerial tubers or bulbils are harvested by manual plucking from the vine. This xerotes is now advised the fundamental cause of freezing injury. The sweet potato arrived in Europe with the Columbian capture. The Kokoro variety is important in making dried yam chips. [94] In the event that an old tree dies, group action arises amongst a number of trees to replace it. ; sometimes you can pick them up at specialty grocery stores. Yams contain a unique compound called diosgenin, which has been found to promote neuron growth and enhance brain function (9). In an animal study, a yam-rich diet significantly reduced colon tumor growth. [1] Although not grown in the same quantities as the African yams, it has the largest human activity worldwide of any cultivated yam, being grown in Asia, the Pacific islands, Africa, and the West Indies. Chlorophyll, a green-colored, magnesium-containing pigment is essential to this process; it is by and large present in plant leaves, and often in other plant parts as well. [3] True yams have various common names across threefold world regions. Sweet potato soup, served during winter, consists of boiling sweet potato in water with rock sugar and ginger. It also has an important social status in gatherings and religious functions, which is assessed by the size of yam holdings one possesses. [9] The taxonomic classification of Dioscoreales has been complicated by the presence of a number of morphological features reminiscent of the dicotyledons, leading some authors to place the order as gray between the monocotyledons and the dicotyledons. It is also used as a popular ingredient for ice cream. The following table shows the nutrient content of yam and major staple foods in a raw harvested form. © 2021 North Carolina SweetPotato Commission. Because of their relative ease of cultivation and their good flavor, they are considered to have a great potential for increased production. Guest post guidelines In 2017, worldwide production of yams was 73. [1] Some 870 species of yams are known,[1] and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. Sponsored post: In Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Brazil, and the Dominican Republic, the sweet potato is called batata. These designations often depend on climate and other environmental factors. During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. [15][16] However, much older remains identified as being believably D. 8 tonnes per hectare in 2017, with Ethiopia having the most productive farms of 29. The tuber shape is mostly cylindrical, but can vary. The most common cooking methods in Western and Central Africa are by boiling, frying or roasting. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. Guest posting You can either make your own sambal paste with chiles, garlic, ginger, lemongrass, lime zest, and salt, or just mix 1 Tsbp. During this festival, villagers offer prayers thanking their inheritable gods for the blessings of the land and the women's fertility. This version is firmer with a golden skin and light yellow flesh. Older systems tended to place all lilioid monocots with reticulate veined leaves (such as Smilacaceae and Stemonaceae together with Dioscoraceae) in Dioscoreales. The tuber shape is generally cylindrical, but can vary. [116] Images of plants are often used in painting and photography, as well as on textiles, money, stamps, flags and coats of arms. The time period is big among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. Guest post by Although yams and sweet potatoes are both angiosperms (flowering plants), they are not related botanically. In his examination of Huber's Stemonales, he found that the two constituent families had as close an phylogenetic relation to Dioscoreaceae as to each other, and hence enclosed them. bulbifera) is one of the few true yams tamed for food in the United States.


Yam recipes submit blog post

The skin of a yam (left) looks kind of like tree bark, while a sweet potato (right) is more reddish-brown. It is often served in the US on Thanksgiving. The powder is sprinkled onto a pan containing a small amount of boiling water and stirred smartly. In Pernambuco state, it is usually boiled and served cut in slices at breakfast, along with cheese spread or molasses. Plants used in herbalism include ginkgo, echinacea, feverfew, and Saint John's wort. Guest posting guidelines Amukeke (sun-dried slices of root) and inginyo (sun-dried crushed root) are a staple food for people in northeastern Uganda. Purple yams have edible tubers which have a mildly sweet, earthy and nutty taste, mindful of sweet potatoes or taro. Bromeliad epiphytes accumulate water in leaf axils to form phytotelmata that may contain complex aquatic food webs. In the seed, the endotegmen is tanniferous and the embryo short. [44] Primitive land plants began to diversify in the late Silurian Period, around 420 million years ago, and the results of their diversification are displayed in remarkable detail in an early Devonian fossil assemblage from the Rhynie chert. Guest post policy [41] However, new evidence from the study of carbon isotope ratios in Precambrian rocks has advisable that complex photosynthetic plants developed on the earth over 1000 m. Sweet potatoes have been a part of the diet in the United States for most of its history, especially in the Southeast. [3] Purple yam is most commonly associated with traditional and modern Philippine cuisine (where it is known as ube or ubi). [2] Because they are sown by vine cuttings rather than seeds, sweet potatoes are relatively easy to plant. [13] However, in his more definitive work, the Genera plantara (1883), he simply placed Dioscoraceae in the Epigynae "Series". The table below shows some species count estimates of different green plant (Viridiplantae) divisions. ”[50] Purple and yellow sweet potatoes were not as well liked by consumers compared to orange sweet potatoes “possibly because of the acquaintance of orange color that is associated with sweet potatoes. Bitter compounds tend to accumulate in immature tuber tissues of white and yellow yams. In Mexico, Peru, Chile, Central America, and the Philippines, the sweet potato is known as camote (alternatively spelled kamote in the Philippines), derived from the Nahuatl word camotli. Several projects are currently attempting to collect all plant species in online databases, e. The North Carolina SweetPotato Commission is involved to supporting its growers and accretionary sweetpotato bodily process through education, content activities, research and honorable horticultural practices among its producers. Among the Akan of Ghana, boiled yam can be mashed with palm oil into eto in a similar manner to the plantain dish matoke, and is served with eggs. The inner three are a little longer. Sweet potato dish is a side dish of mashed sweet potatoes in a casserole dish, topped with a brown sugar and pecan topping. Write for us They're versatile, easy to find, and the varietals within the orange-fleshed potatoes are all "pretty much interchangeable," says Heck. Want to write an article Some varieties can be eaten raw, while some require soaking or boiling for medical aid before eating. Looking for guest posts Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. The raw vegetable is starchy and bland, mucilaginous when grated, and may be eaten plain as a side dish, or added to noodles. In APG II (2003),[27] a number of changes were made to Dioscoreales, as a result of an extensive study by Caddick and colleagues (2002),[5][28] using an analysis of three genes, rbcL, atpB and 18S rDNA, in addition to morphology. brown algae/diatoms, haptophytes, dinoflagellates, and euglenids) not only have contrastive pigments but also have chloroplasts with three or four surrounding membranes. [3] True yams have various common names across multiple world regions. Yams are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. The plant does not tolerate frost. To make life even more complicated, there are a handful of varieties of sweet potatoes: orange, white, and purple. [69] Sweet potatoes are also used in a variant of halo-halo called ginatan, where they are cooked in coconut milk and sugar and mixed with a variety of rootcrops, sago, jackfruit, and bilu-bilo (glutinous rice balls). The simple equation of photosynthesis is as follows:. Ant wastes provide organic fertilizer. Writers wanted Summary: Sweet potatoes are a starchy root onion-like originating in Central or South America. Submit guest post Incident light that stimulates a chemical reaction in one leaf, will cause a chain reaction of signals to the entire plant via a type of cell termed a bundle sheath cell. Guest posting rules Epiphytic and lithophytic plants depend on air and nearby debris for nutrients, and carnivorous plants affix their nutrient requirements, particularly for atomic number 7 and phosphorus, with insect prey that they capture. This is still a common practice when there are large gatherings on marae. Shōchū, a Japanese spirit normally made from the fermentation of rice, can also be made from sweet potato, in which case it is called imo-jōchū. The seaweeds range from large multicellular algae to single-celled organisms and are classified into three groups, the green algae, red algae and brown algae. The sexual flowers are borne in long clusters. It is celebrated with annual yam festivals. The easier to store yams are those adapted to arid climate, where they tend to stay in a dormant low-respiration stage much longer than yam breeds adapted to humid tropical lands, where they do not need dormancy. Yam[42] is, along with cassava and taro, a staple food, and is used up boiled, roasted in a lovo, or steamed with fish or meat in curry sauce or coconut milk and served with rice. Submit article It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne illness in many tropical and subtropical countries. In regard to plants, competition tends to negatively affect their growth when competing for shared resources. This is the broadest modern definition of the term 'plant'. Eating yams may boost your brain. Want to contribute to our website In New Zealand, the Māori varieties bore elongated tubers with white skin and a whitish flesh. Some farmers use staking and mixed cropping, a practice that complicates gathering in some cases. Seed plants can survive and reproduce in extremely arid conditions, because they are not strung-out on free water for the movement of sperm, or the development of free living gametophytes. [1] The tubers themselves, also called "yams", come in a variety of forms owing to many cultivars and related species. But finding the right fitness routine and sticking…. Accepting guest posts Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants). Suggest a post alata is sometimes grown in gardens for its ornamental value. The evolution of plants has resulted in increasing levels of complexity, from the earlier algal mats, through bryophytes, lycopods, ferns to the complex gymnosperms and angiosperms of today. It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. Eating yams may boost your brain. Charophyta Rabenhorst 1863 emend. [70] This may or may not be lethal, depending on the hardiness of the tissue. Yams are not only an excellent source of fiber but also high in potassium and manganese, which are important for supporting bone health, growth, metabolism, and heart function (3, 4). Tree rings themselves are an grave method of dating in archeology, and serve as a record of past climates. They are cylindrical in shape with brown, rough, bark-like skin that is difficult to peel, but it softens after heating. It is often pounded into a thick paste after boiling and is consumed with soup. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). Become a contributor Wood is used not only for buildings, boats, and furniture, but also for smaller items such as musical instruments and sports instrumentality. Guest posting For this reason, sweet potato vine is ideal for use in home aquariums, chase out of the water with its roots submerged, as its rapid growth is fueled by toxic ammonia and nitrates, a waste product of aquatic life, which it removes from the water. They, as well as dishes featuring the sweet potato root, are commonly found at bento (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: piān-tong) restaurants. [23] The related Nartheciaceae were treated as tribe Narthecieae within the Melanthiaceae in a third order, the Melanthiales, by Dahlgren. Submit guest post , the most recent common ancestor of the Niger-Congo languages) root -ku for D. Writers wanted There is also evidence of an agricultural group action during this period brought by innovations from contact with Austronesians, including the development of wet cultivation. Cooking and preparation methods can cause a food’s GI to vary. Yam generally has a lower glycemic index, about 54% of glucose per 150 gram serving, compared to potato products. Sweet potatoes and yams are both tuber vegetables, but they're actually quite different. 0 kg (1 lb 2 oz to 4 lb 7 oz). This classification may date from Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC), who made the preeminence between plants, which generally do not move, and animals, which often are mobile to catch their food. Submit content The latter of these pigments is not found in red or brown algae. They’re versatile, easy to prepare, and a great vegetable to include in your diet in both sweet and savory dishes. Submit content The tuber is often cooked before consumption as this increases its alimentation and digestibility, although the American colonists in the Southeast ate raw sweet potatoes as a staple food. The long, slender, annual, ascent stems bear lobed or entire leaves that are either alter or opposite. They’re versatile, easy to prepare, and a great vegetable to include in your diet in both sweet and savory dishes. Guest posts wanted [61] Amukeke is mainly served for breakfast, eaten with peanut sauce. Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. People eat atapa with smoked fish cooked in peanut sauce or with dried cowpea leaves cooked in peanut sauce. Summary: The high antioxidant content of sweet potatoes may protect against disease, as well as improve blood sugar regulation and reduce “bad” LDL cholesterol. [91] Those that are less operative competitors are less likely to contribute to the next generation of offspring. Cured sweet potatoes can keep for thirteen months when stored at 13–15 °C (55–59 °F) with >90% relative humidity. In one 30-day study, 24 biological time women switched from their staple food of rice to eating yams in 2 out of 3 meals (390 grams total) per day. The bitter compounds in yams also known locally as air potato include diosbulbin and possibly saponins, such as diosgenin. Want to contribute to our website Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean. It is tolerant to frost and can be grown in much cooler conditions than other yams. The first Europeans to taste sweet potatoes were members of Christopher Columbus's expedition in 1492. In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. 8 tonnes per hectare in 2017, with Ethiopia having the most rich farms of 29. These effects are attributed to the resistant starch and fiber in yams (29). He mirrored the uncertainty as to the place of this Alliance by placing it as a class of its own between Endogens (monocots) and Exogens (dicots)[10] The botanical authority is given to von Martius (1835) by APG for his sort of the family Dioscoreae or Ordo,[3] while other sources[11] cite Hooker (Dioscoreales Hook. Yam crops face blackjack from a range of insect pests and fungal and viral diseases, as well as nematode. The setts are planted at an interval of 15–20 centimetres (5. But finding the right fitness routine and sticking…. Vascular plants first appeared during the Silurian period, and by the Devonian had diversified and spread into many different terrestrial environments. Guest author Yams of African species must be cooked to be safely eaten, because various natural substances in yams can cause illness if consumed raw. The edible tuber has a rough skin that is embarrassing to peel but readily softened by heating. Plants protect themselves from frost and waterlessness stress with antifreeze proteins, heat-shock proteins and sugars (sucrose is common). In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte.


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Improving steroid hormone levels may ease menopause symptoms (12, 13). Specifically these issues involve conflicting substance as to the relationship between Thismia and Burmanniaceae,[32] and hence whether Thismiaceae should be subsumed in the latter, or reinstated. Here are 7 surprising health benefits of taro…. Because the rapidly growing vines shade out weeds, little weeding is needed. Anthocerotophyta (Non-flowering hornworts). Many animals disperse seeds, often by eating fruit and passing the seeds in their feces. Sweet potato cultivars with white or pale yellow flesh are less sweet and moist than those with red, pink or orange flesh. In South America, the juice of red sweet potatoes is combined with lime juice to make a dye for cloth. The skin color can range from white to yellow, red, purple or brown. Plants have many cultural and other uses, as ornaments, building materials, writing material and, in great variety, they have been the source of medicines and psychoactive drugs. The three families of Dioscreales constitutes about 22 genera and about 849 species[33] making it one of the smaller monocot orders. 5-ounce (100-gram) serving of boiled or baked yam contains (5):. Submit guest post 9 million hectares, 70% of the world land area of 8. Guest-blogger In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. Their cultivation and harvesting is accompanied by complex rituals and taboos. These are then milled to create a brown powder known in Nigeria as elubo. Exercise gives your mind and body a boost in so many ways — from mood and energy to bones and skin. Guest post: [118] The plant Arabidopsis thaliana is used in laboratories as a model organism to understand how genes control the growth and development of plant structures. Yams can be bought in a number of forms, including whole, powder or flour and as a append. In central parts of India, the yam is prepared by being finely sliced, seasoned with spices, and deep fried. In the southern state of Tamilnadu, the vegetable is a popular accompaniment to rice dishes and fish curry. Ipomoea trifida, diploid, is the closest wild relative of the sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), which originated with an initial cross between a tetraploid and another diploid parent, followed by a second complete genome duplication event. In Fujian cuisine and Taiwanese cuisine, sweet potato is often cooked with rice to make congee. Cooked sweet potato (baked in skin) is 76% water, 21% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and contains negligible fat (table). Restaurant recommendations you trust. However, sweet potatoes are a very distinctive-looking tuber. Ipomoea batatas is native to the tropical regions in the Americas. They are cylindrical in shape with brown, rough, bark-like skin that is difficult to peel, but it softens after heating. The yam root was traditionally used by peasants in Vietnam to dye cotton clothes end-to-end the Red River and Mekong delta regions as late as the mid-20th century, and is still used by others in the Sapa region of north Vietnam. The tepals persist in the development of the fruit, which is a dry capsule or berry. Although further research on the deeper relationships within Dioscoreales continues,[30][31][23] the APG IV (2016) authors felt it was still untimely to propose a restructuring of the order. Sweet potatoes are a great source of highly available beta-carotene, which has the ability to increase your vitamin A levels. alata supplements may have adverse effects in people taking estrogens, anticoagulant drugs or during pregnancy and breast-feeding. [54][55] The classification of Bryophyta is supported both by Puttick et al. By contrast the second largest genus is Burmannia with about 60 species, and most have only one or two. A wide variety of plants are poisonous. The name phanerogam comes from the Greek γυμνόσπερμος, a composite of γυμνός (gymnos lit. Furthermore, another study in rats found that supplementing with yam flour reduced the rate of blood sugar absorption, which led to improved blood sugar control. Wild yam powder can be found in some health food and supplement stores under various names. So much confusion surrounds the terms sweet potatoes and yams. They are thought to originate in Central or South America, but North Carolina is currently the largest shaper (1). Stomata are absent from liverworts, but occur on the sporangia of mosses and hornworts, allowing gas exchange. Guest author However, temperatures below 12 °C (54 °F) cause damage through chilling, causing a breakdown of internal tissues, increasing water loss and yam's susceptibleness to decay. Its flesh ranges from beige through white, red, pink, violet, yellow, orange, and purple. Blench (2006) reconstructs the tentative Proto-Niger-Congo (i. This theory is also corroborated by genetic evidence. As it melts into your potato, all your problems may melt away too. [41] However, new evidence from the study of carbon isotope ratios in Precambrian rocks has advisable that complex photosynthetic plants developed on the earth over 1000 m. Pizza restaurants such as Pizza Hut and Domino's in Korea are using sweet potatoes as a popular topping. After 7 to 12 months' growth, the tubers are harvested. The evolution of plants has resulted in increasing levels of complexity, from the earlier algal mats, through bryophytes, lycopods, ferns to the complex gymnosperms and angiosperms of today. Sponsored post It is one of various species of yams that were domesticated and cultivated severally within Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea for their starchy tubers, including the round yam (Dioscorea bulbifera), ubi gadong (Dioscorea hispida), lesser yam (Dioscorea esculenta), Pacific yam (Dioscorea nummularia), fiveleaf yam (Dioscorea pentaphylla), and pencil yam (Dioscorea transversa). Guest posting Dioscorea japonica is used for food. Blog for us Many members of Dioscoreaceae produce tuberous starchy roots (yams) which form staple foods in tropical regions. alata sometimes weigh 45 kg (100 pounds). White, yellow, and water yams typically produce a single large tuber per year, generally weighing 5 to 10 kg (11 to 22 lb). Submit guest article The tubers of this plant, known as kattala in Dhivehi, have been used in the tralatitious diet of the Maldives. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. It is also used as a popular ingredient for ice cream. Become a guest blogger In South Africa, sweet potatoes are often eaten as a side dish such as Soetpatats. Extensive changes in traditional enculturation practices, such as mixed cropping, may be required. There are three main cultivars of kumara sold in New Zealand: 'Owairaka Red' ("red"), 'Toka Toka Gold' ("gold"), and 'Beauregard' ("orange"). By the middle of the Devonian Period most of the features acknowledged in plants today are present, including roots, leaves and secondary wood, and by late Devonian times seeds had evolved. True seeds are used for breeding only. A wide variety of plants are poisonous. Looking for guest posts Emukaru (earth-baked root) is eaten as a snack anytime and is mostly served with tea or with peanut sauce. In Spain, sweet potato is called boniato. Submit your content In Pernambuco state, it is usually boiled and served cut in slices at breakfast, along with cheese spread or molasses. [62] This includes uses both in the mashed form and as flour from the dried tubers to replace part of the wheat flour and sugar in baked products such as cakes, chapatis, mandazis, bread, buns and cookies. In the past, they were well thought out as two separate species, but most taxonomists now regard them as the same species. Skinned and cut frozen yams may also be open from specialty grocers. Contribute to our site Nartheciaceae on the other hand is a family self-contained of herbaceous plants with a rather lily-like appearance (Aletris) while Burmanniaceae is entirely myco-heterotrophic group. However, all current definitions of Plantae exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria). Sweet potato cultivars with dark orange flesh have more beta-carotene (converted to a higher vitamin A content once digested) than those with powdery flesh, and their accrued cultivation is being encouraged in Africa where vitamin A deficiency is a serious health problem. Over 600 varieties of yams are known, and 95% of these are still grown in Africa. Contribute to our site Researchers, from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland, found that plants have a specific memory for varying light conditions, which prepares their immune systems against seasonal pathogens. [76] Sweet potatoes are established as the state vegetable of Alabama,[77] Louisiana,[78] and North Carolina. Their blood levels of estrone and oestrogen increased by 26% and 27%, respectively (11). " Standard white potatoes' flavor would be obliterated by a heavy flavoring from Spanish paprika, black pepper, and garlic, but it works perfectly as a bacon-ish flavor in her Cobb salad recipe (pictured above) or with cumin and flavoring for tacos. Copyright © 2017 by Mary-Frances Heck. Although the soft, orange sweet potato is often called a "yam" in parts of North America, the sweet potato is very crystalline from the botanical yam (Dioscorea), which has a cosmopolitan distribution,[6] and belongs to the monocot family Dioscoreaceae. White yam tuber is roughly cylindrical in shape, the skin is smooth and brown, and the flesh is usually white and firm. In comparison, a raw yam contains water (70%), carbohydrates (24%), protein (1. Guest author Harvesting is done before the vines become dry and soil becomes dry and hard. Submit a guest post [63] The cultivars used are an orange-fleshed one as well as a white/cream-fleshed one. [1] They are native to Africa, Asia, and the Americas. GI is measured on a scale of 0–100. Make yam chips or bake yams in their skins. The sweet potato is more commonly found in US supermarkets, so as you’d expect, it is used in a wider range of traditional Western dishes, both sweet and savory. Guest contributor guidelines Yellow yam and cush-cush yam, by nature, have much shorter quiescence periods than water yam, white yam, or lesser yam. Submit content They are cylindrical in shape with brown, rough, bark-like skin that is difficult to peel, but it softens after heating. Looking for guest posts You really can’t go wrong with either. Has more sugar, protein, calcium, iron, sodium, vitamin A, beta-carotene, and water than yams do. There is limited evidence that yam extract may be a helpful remedy for some of the virulent symptoms of climacteric. In the meridional state of Tamilnadu, the herb is a popular accompaniment to rice dishes and fish curry. The latest major group of plants to evolve were the grasses, which became important in the mid Tertiary, from around 40 million years ago. These groups also differ from green plants in that the storage sugar is floridean starch and is stored in the cytoplasm rather than in the plastids. Copper is vital for red blood cell industry and iron absorption, while vitamin C is a strong antioxidant that can boost your immune system (5, 6, 7, 8). Minerals are also epoch-making for plant growth and development, where deficiencies can occur if alimental needs are not met. This involves mashing the yam and mixing it with coconut milk and sugar. Guest posting The many varieties of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) are members of the morning glory family, Convolvulacea. Annual plants grow and reproduce within one growing season, two-year plants grow for two growing seasons and usually reproduce in second year, and perennial plants live for many growing seasons and once mature will often create annually. Yam is grown on free draining, sandy and fertile soil, after clearing the first fallow. Sometimes life puts you at a crossroads: Do you buy yams or sweet potatoes? They often look identical, but I've found that "yams" can be as low as 79 cents per pound, while "sweet potatoes" cost $2. Dioscorea japonica known as East Asian mountain yam, yamaimo, or Japanese mountain yam, is a type of yam (Dioscorea) native to Japan (including Ryukyu and Bonin Islands), Korea, China, Taiwan, and Assam. Totipotent meristematic cells can differentiate into vascular, storage, contraceptive (e. The starchy tuberous roots of the sweet potato are by far the most historic product of the plant, although the leaves and shoots are also edible. In an animal study, a yam-rich diet significantly reduced colon tumor growth. Some varieties can be eaten raw, while some require soaking or boiling for medical aid before eating.


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Shōchū, a Japanese spirit normally made from the fermentation of rice, can also be made from sweet potato, in which case it is called imo-jōchū. Yams in West Africa are typically harvested by hand using sticks, spades, or diggers. When soft varieties were first grown commercially, there was a need to differentiate between the two. Become a guest blogger The sweet potato became a favorite food item of the French and Spanish settlers and thus continued a long history of cultivation in Louisiana. However, current crop production practices and species used pose considerable hurdles to successful status of yam production, specially for small-scale rural farmers. It is celebrated with annual yam festivals. They are also baked at home as a snack or dessert, drenched with honey. Some varieties of these tubers can be stored up to six months without refrigeration, which makes them a blue-chip resource for the yearly period of food scarcity at the beginning of the wet season. Also, the bulbils are easy to harvest and cook. Aerial tubers or bulbils are harvested by manual plucking from the vine. HbA1c is a measure of long-term blood sugar control (27). ’ Despite the label regulations, most people still think of sweetpotatoes as yams regardless of their true identity. This can be very central in developing countries where vitamin A deficiency is common (10). Although it doesn't prove cultivation, it does show that humans already had the knowledge to exploit starchy plants and that D. This post was written by Their cultivation and harvesting is accompanied by complex rituals and taboos. Sweet potatoes were first introduced to the Philippines during the Spanish animal group period (1521-1598) via the Manila galleons, along with other New World crops. The vast figure of cultivars are sterile, which restricts its introduction into islands purely by human agency, making them a good indicator of human movement. LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant) protein expression is induced by stresses and protects other proteins from aggregation as a result of desiccation and freezing. Over 200 varieties between them are cultivated. In genetics, the breeding of pea plants allowed Gregor Mendel to derive the basic laws social control inheritance,[117] and examination of chromosomes in maize allowed Barbara McClintock to demonstrate their association to inherited traits. Mulching is essential during October–November with dry grass or plant debris weighed down with balls of mud. In 2019, global human action of sweet potatoes was 92 million tonnes, led by China with 56% of the world total (table). It can also be used similarly to instant mashed potatoes. [1] The tubers themselves, also called "yams", come in a variety of forms owing to many cultivars and related species. Guest posts Its flesh ranges from beige through white, red, pink, violet, yellow, orange, and purple. [3] True yams have various common names across threefold world regions. Dioscorea alata is one of the most important staple crops in Austronesian cultures. [62] This includes uses both in the mashed form and as flour from the dried tubers to replace part of the wheat flour and sugar in baked products such as cakes, chapatis, mandazis, bread, buns and cookies. Guest posts Whittaker's creation reclassification was based on the fundamental difference in nutrition between the Fungi and the Plantae. [101] Many hundreds of medicines are derived from plants, both longstanding medicines used in herbalism[102][103] and chemical substances purified from plants or first known in them, sometimes by ethnobotanical search, and then synthesised for use in modern medicinal drug. Writers wanted Both sweet potatoes and yams have decent amounts of other micronutrients, such as B vitamins, which are vital for many bodily functions, including producing energy and creating DNA. [1] The tubers themselves, also called "yams", come in a variety of forms owing to many cultivars and related species. Yams, with cassava, provide a much greater dimension of the protein intake in Africa, ranging from 5. Prior to 2021, archaeologists believed that the sweet potato failed to flourish in New Zealand south of Christchurch due to the colder climate, forcing Māori in those latitudes to become (along with the Moriori of the Chatham Islands) the only Polynesian people who subsisted solely on hunting and gathering. It is a moderate source (10-19% DV) of some B vitamins and potassium. Weeding of the field is essential and maintaining a 2–3 metres (6 ft 7 in–9 ft 10 in) weed free border around the field is to be ensured. Yams of African species must be cooked to be safely eaten, because various natural substances in yams can cause illness if consumed raw. What is commonly called "sweet potato" (ja:スイートポテト) in Japan is a cake made by baking mashed sweet potatoes. This purple yam is popular as lightly deep-fried tempura, as well as being grilled or boiled. it remained to Hutchinson (1926)[19] to resurrect the Dioscoreales to group Dioscoreaceae and related families together. Guest posting guidelines esculenta, largely because of its much larger tubers. The Spanish hyphenated this with the Quechua word for potato, papa, to create the word patata for the common potato. [90] Eventually, one species will out-compete the other, which will push the disadvantaged species to extinguishing. Submit article Layers of sweet potatoes, an assortment of vegetables, and pork are piled on top of the rocks. The bitter compounds in yams also known locally as air potato include diosbulbin and possibly saponins, such as diosgenin. Contrary to the belief that plants are always in competition, new research has found that in a harsh environment mature plants sheltering seedlings help the smaller plant survive. Competition occurs when members of the same species, or several different species, compete for shared resources in a given habitat. It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. In his examination of Huber's Stemonales, he found that the two constituent families had as close an phylogenetic relation to Dioscoreaceae as to each other, and hence enclosed them. This is a guest post by Yams provide several antioxidants that may have anticancer properties (15, 16). [75] The DNA checkpoint kinase ATM has a key role in integrating onward motion through germination with repair responses to the DNA damages congregate by the aged seed. Much later, when Linnaeus (1707–1778) created the basis of the modern system of scientific classification, these two groups became the kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). Vegetables are highly nutritious and offer protection against a number of chronic illnesses. Because of their abundance and importance to survival, yams were highly regarded in Jamaican ceremonies and institute part of many time-honored West African ceremonies. Biotic factors also affect plant growth. Cooked sweet potato (baked in skin) is 76% water, 21% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and contains negligible fat (table). Prior to 2021, archaeologists believed that the sweet potato failed to flourish in New Zealand south of Christchurch due to the colder climate, forcing Māori in those latitudes to become (along with the Moriori of the Chatham Islands) the only Polynesian people who subsisted solely on hunting and gathering. Become a guest blogger Make yam chips or bake yams in their skins. They’re versatile, easy to prepare, and a great vegetable to include in your diet in both sweet and savory dishes. The green plants or Viridiplantae were traditionally divided into the green algae (including the stoneworts) and the land plants. 6 million hectares devoted to yam farming. Numerous animals have coevolved with plants. alata, is also eaten in India, where it is also called the violet yam. In exchange, the plants supply sugars to the bacterium. [1] Although not grown in the same quantities as the African yams, it has the largest human activity worldwide of any cultivated yam, being grown in Asia, the Pacific islands, Africa, and the West Indies. This realization triggers an immune response. According to the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Nigeria accounted for about 70 percent of the world output amounting to 17 million tonnes from land area 2,837,000 hectares under yam cultivation. [1] While yam production issues have been stressed on agronomical practices, a inquiry study carried out on the scheme ratio of this crop grown in this region with small farm holdings, which is labour-intensive, reveals that land, labour and material (fertilizers and chemicals), credit and extension services inputs have a significant bearing on the yield of yam in the region. Yams are closely related to lilies and grasses. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). Over 600 varieties of yams are known, and 95% of these are still grown in Africa. Blog for us Compared to sweet potatoes, yams are starchier and drier. As a relatively low-protein food, yam is not a good source of of the essence amino acids. alata has any therapeutic properties. Purple yams are more commonly found in Japan, Indonesia, Vietnam and the Philippines and often used in desserts. alata is also grown in Okinawa where it is known as beniimo (紅芋). Make yam chips or bake yams in their skins. Plants that produce crooked pollen invoke allergic reactions in people who suffer from hay fever. Guest contributor guidelines They are thought to originate in Central or South America, but North Carolina is currently the largest shaper (1). Pollen, spores and algae (dinoflagellates and acritarchs) are used for dating sedimentary rock sequences. Writers wanted Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean. At freezing temperatures, water in the living thing spaces of plant tissue freezes first, though the water may remain liquified until temperatures drop below −7 °C (19 °F). Arboretums and botanical gardens are public collections of living plants. [9][10][11] In its current usage in American English, the styling of the name as two words is still preferred. Wood is used not only for buildings, boats, and furniture, but also for smaller items such as musical instruments and sports instrumentality. "[6] The combination of wetland/upland yam based enterprises is assessed as the least economically efficient, with mean efficiency of 0. This is a detailed review of glucomannan, a natural dietary fiber that has been shown to be an effective weight loss supplement. Yams are a monocot (a plant having one embryonal seed leaf) and from the Dioscoreaceae or Yam family. [101] Many hundreds of medicines are derived from plants, both longstanding medicines used in herbalism[102][103] and chemical substances purified from plants or first known in them, sometimes by ethnobotanical search, and then synthesised for use in modern medicinal drug. This improves the living conditions for fish, which also find refuge in the wide root systems. In Indonesia, sweet potatoes are locally known as ubi jalar (lit: spreading tuber) or simply ubi and are frequently fried with batter and served as snacks with spicy condiments, along with other kinds of fritters such as fried bananas, tempeh, tahu, breadfruits, or cassava. Hutchinson's circumscription of Dioscoreales included three other families in addition to Dioscoreaceae, Stenomeridaceae, Trichopodaceae and Roxburghiaceae. Guest poster wanted So much confusion surrounds the terms sweet potatoes and yams. In the Philippines, sweet potatoes (locally known as camote or kamote) are an important food crop in rural areas. A yam festival is usually held in the beginning of August at the end of the rainy season. The make is called La Castanyada. Guest post: Here are 14 of the healthiest vegetables on the…. The three families included in order Dioscoreales also represent three different ecological groups of plants. Alternatively they may be small and scale-like with a sheathed base. [23][24] On the other hand, in Central America, the domestication of the sweet potato or sweet potato would have already occurred later, at least 5000 years ago,[25] It is most likely that the local population has spread the cultigen around the year 2500 B. Yellow yam and cush-cush yam, by nature, have much shorter dormancy periods than water yam, white yam, or lesser yam. Under the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system of 1998,[26] which took Dahlgren's system as a basis, the order was placed in the monocot clade and comprised the five families Burmanniaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Taccaceae, Thismiaceae and Trichopodaceae. Guest post For the majority of plants to grow with success they also require oxygen in the ambiance and around their roots (soil gas) for respiration. The tepals persist in the development of the fruit, which is a dry capsule or berry. They are about the size of potatoes (hence the name "air potato"), weighing from 0. [20] Research on physical phenomenon of this subspecies to alleviate the threat from wild harvest has been successful. The boiled yam can also be pounded with a traditional mortar and pestle to create a thick, starchy paste known as iyan (pounded yam) or fufu which is eaten with traditional sauces such as egusi and palm nut soup. aquatica "kangkong"), but many are toxic. Other tubers consumed in Nigeria:[7]. Guest blogger guidelines The time period is big among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. They are often boiled and then mashed into a sticky paste or dough, but they may also be fried, roasted, or baked in the manner of potatoes or sweet potatoes, which are unrelated. Blood levels of estrone and oestradiol — two estrogen hormones — typically diminution during biological time. John Buttencourt Avila is called the "father of the sweet potato industry" in North America.


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Guest column Young sweet potato leaves are also used as baby food particularly in Southeast Asia and East Asia. Green plants obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts that are derived from endosymbiosis with true bacteria. In exchange, the ants defend the plant from herbivores and sometimes competing plants. Some varieties can be eaten raw, while some require soaking or boiling for medical aid before eating. The increasing availability of molecular phylogenetics methods in addition to morphological characteristics in the 1990s led to major reconsiderations of the relationships within the monocotyledons. This post was written by Sweet potatoes are also rich in antioxidants, particularly carotenoids, which are thought to help protect against heart disease and decrease the risk of cancer (11, 12). alata have also been found from the Niah Caves of Borneo (Late Pleistocene, <40,000 BP) and the Ille Cave of Palawan (c. Some authors,[23] preferring the original APG (1998)families, continue to treat Thismiaceae one by one from Burmanniaceae and Taccaceae from Dioscoreaceae. 9% in East and South Africa to about 15. Guest posting Similar considerations were discussed with respect to two Asparagales families, Smilacaceae and Petermanniaceae. Guest posts A spore case enclosed in a protective layer called an cover is known as an ovule. Like a regular potato, the stalk roots of the sweet potato plant are eaten as a vegetable. It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. A yam festival is usually held in the beginning of August at the end of the rainy season. Older systems tended to place all lilioid monocots with reticulate veined leaves (such as Smilacaceae and Stemonaceae together with Dioscoraceae) in Dioscoreales. The New Yam Festival celebrates the main agricultural crop of the Igbos, Idomas, and Tivs. [36] It was introduced to the Fujian province of China in about 1594 from Luzon, in response to a major crop failure. Kumara are an built-in part of roast meals in New Zealand. They have a defined brown, bark-like exterior. Sweet potatoes are used to make fries, pies, soups and casseroles. Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants). Guest posting The ovary ripens into a membranous capsule, bursting by three valves to liberate numerous flattish or globose seeds. So, what's the difference between a sweet potato and a yam? At most grocery stores, absolutely nothing. Sweet potato is comparatively easy to propagate, and in rural areas that can be seen abundantly at canals and dikes. Yams may help relieve symptoms of menopause. Globally, sweet potatoes are now a staple element of modern sushi cuisine, specifically used in maki rolls. Although Charles Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) preceded Bentham and Hooker's publication, the latter project was commenced much earlier and George Bentham was initially sceptical of Darwinism. Become a guest blogger With a few exceptions, the green plants have the following features in common; primary chloroplasts derived from true bacteria containing chlorophylls a and b, cell walls containing cellulose, and food stores in the form of starch contained within the plastids. The earliest fossils clearly assignable to Kingdom Plantae are fossil green algae from the Cambrian. Think you know the differences between yams and sweetpotatoes? Take our quiz and test your root knowledge!. It is rich in starch, and can be prepared in many ways. The tubers are eaten baked, boiled, or fried much like potatoes. Treat white sweet potatoes like russets and fry 'em. For maximum yield, the yams require a humid line of latitude environment, with an annual rainfall over 1500 mm distributed uniformly throughout the growing season. However, these do not form underground storage organs. [81] Sweet potato fries or chips are a common preparation, and are made by julienning and deep frying sweet potatoes, in the fashion of French fried potatoes. Thousands of plant species are cultivated for aesthetic purposes as well as to provide shade, modify temperatures, reduce wind, abate noise, provide privacy, and prevent soil erosion. For this reason, sweet potato vine is ideal for use in home aquariums, chase out of the water with its roots submerged, as its rapid growth is fueled by toxic ammonia and nitrates, a waste product of aquatic life, which it removes from the water. 5-ounce (100-gram) serving of baked sweet potato with the skin on contains (4):. Guest posters wanted Furthermore, another study in rats found that supplementing with yam flour reduced the rate of blood sugar absorption, which led to improved blood sugar control. Submit an article Their growth and dormant phases correspond respectively to the wet season and the dry season. [22] The oldest C dating remains of the sweet potato as we know it were discovered in caves from the Chilca Canyon, in the south-central zone of Peru and yield an age of 8080 ± 170 BC. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement and Your California Privacy Rights. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). Candied sweet potatoes are a side dish consisting mainly of sweet potatoes prepared with brown sugar, marshmallows, maple syrup, molasses, orange juice, marron glacé, or other sweet ingredients. Paraphyletic groups are generally avoided in modern classifications, so that in recent treatments the Viridiplantae have been divided into two clades, the Chlorophyta and the Streptophyta (including the land plants and Charophyta). Submitting a guest post Still, more studies are needed to determine whether eating yams has the same anti-inflammatory effects in humans. Submit guest post During this festival, villagers offer prayers thanking their inheritable gods for the blessings of the land and the women's fertility. [92] Some plants have deep roots that are able to locate water stored deep underground, and others have shallower roots that are capable of extending longer distances to collect recent rainwater. Your best chances of finding them are in international or ethnic food stores. Mountain yam is eaten raw and grated, after only a comparatively minimal preparation: the whole tubers are briefly soaked in a vinegar-water solution to knock off irritant oxalate crystals found in their skin. By one definition, plants form the clade Viridiplantae (Latin name for "green plants"), a group that includes the flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms, ferns and their allies, hornworts, liverworts, mosses, and the green algae, but excludes the red and brown algae. In one study, rats given yam powder or yam water extract experienced decreased fasting blood sugar and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, compared with the control groups. Guest post courtesy of It is recorded, for example, in Elinor Fettiplace's Receipt Book, compiled in England in 1604. It was introduced to Europe in the 19th century, when the potato crop there was falling victim to disease, and is still grown in France for the Asian food market. Guest post opportunities [67] Intracellular freezing, which usually kills the cell[68] careless of the hardiness of the plant and its tissues, seldom occurs in nature because rates of cooling are rarely high enough to support it. This post was written by Yam cultivars are also cultivated in other humid tropical countries. They are the most important cultivated yams. Guest post- They close again in the morning and begin to wither. Contrary to the belief that plants are always in competition, new research has found that in a harsh environment mature plants sheltering seedlings help the smaller plant survive. [92] Some plants have deep roots that are able to locate water stored deep underground, and others have shallower roots that are capable of extending longer distances to collect recent rainwater. Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide), and the impregnated tissue is often preserved in fine detail. There is good evidence that the brown algae evolved independently from the others, from non-photosynthetic ancestors that formed endosymbiotic relationships with red algae rather than from cyanobacteria, and they are no longer classified as plants as defined here. Plants are distributed almost worldwide. The latest major group of plants to evolve were the grasses, which became important in the mid Tertiary, from around 40 million years ago. Psilotopsida (whisk ferns & adders'-tongues). Smoking causes damage to health or even death, while some drugs may also be harmful or fatal to people. In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte. Dioscorea rotundata, the white yam, and D. Some plants have coevolved with nitrogen fixing bacteria, making plants an important part of the nitrogen cycle. Some climbing species, such as kudzu, which do not need to produce thick supportive tissue, may grow up to 12. Yam is an charismatic crop in poor farms with limited resources. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They are long and tapered with a smooth skin that can vary in color, ranging from yellow, orange, red, brown or purple to beige. It is rich in starch, and can be prepared in many ways. [38][39][40] Sweet potatoes became a staple in Japan because they were important in preventing famine when rice harvests were poor. Although its main use is for food, several studies have shown its usefulness in the pharmaceutical industry and the manufacture of bioplastics. It is a moderate source (10-19% DV) of some B vitamins and potassium. Later explorers found many cultivars under an motley of local names, but the name which stayed was the indigenous Taino name of batata. Want to write an article Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and nonliteral rainforest. Linnaeus' original classification placed the fungi within the Plantae, since they were unquestionably neither animals or minerals and these were the only other alternatives. On the evening of All Souls' Day, in Catalonia (northeastern Spain) it is traditional to serve roasted sweet potato and chestnuts, panellets and sweet wine. [116] Images of plants are often used in painting and photography, as well as on textiles, money, stamps, flags and coats of arms. Some varieties can be eaten raw, while some require soaking or boiling for medical aid before eating. Guest posters wanted Yams have slimly more potassium and manganese. In Ethiopia, the unremarkably found cultivars are black-skinned, cream-fleshed and called "bitatis" or "mitatis". Sponsored post: Most plant groups were relatively whole by the Permo-Triassic death event, although the structures of communities changed. They are the most important cultivated yams. The arrangement of flowers may be used to send hidden messages. In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. Guest post opportunities The closed in stamens are of unequal length with glandular filaments. Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. In homes, sweet potatoes are usually boiled. [1] The tuber may grow into the soil up to 1. During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. Historically, plants were treated as one of two kingdoms including all living things that were not animals, and all algae and fungi were treated as plants. It is tolerant to frost and can be grown in much cooler conditions than other yams. This article examines the benefits and key differences of…. Some plants have coevolved with nitrogen fixing bacteria, making plants an important part of the nitrogen cycle. LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant) protein expression is induced by stresses and protects other proteins from aggregation as a result of desiccation and freezing. When stored, they continue to respire, which results in the reaction of the starch (a polymer of glucose) contained in the cells of the tuber, which converts it into water, carbon dioxide, and heat energy. Extensive changes in traditional enculturation practices, such as mixed cropping, may be required. In Indonesia, sweet potatoes are locally known as ubi jalar (lit: spreading tuber) or simply ubi and are frequently fried with batter and served as snacks with spicy condiments, along with other kinds of fritters such as fried bananas, tempeh, tahu, breadfruits, or cassava. Their growth and dormant phases correspond respectively to the wet season and the dry season. Generally, a yield of 10–15 tonnes per ha for white yam and 16–25 tonnes for water yam are obtained by following prescribed management practices. Sweet potatoes tend to be more readily available and are nutritionally superior to yams — albeit only slenderly. Guest post Root systems capable of obtaining soil water and nutrients also evolved during the Devonian. Yields may improve and cost of yam production be lower if mechanization were to be improved and adopted. Raw yam has only moderate nutrient density, with appreciable content (10% or more of the Daily Value, DV) limited to potassium, vitamin B6, manganese, thiamin, dietary fiber, and vitamin C (table). It is one of various species of yams that were domesticated and cultivated severally within Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea for their starchy tubers, including the round yam (Dioscorea bulbifera), ubi gadong (Dioscorea hispida), lesser yam (Dioscorea esculenta), Pacific yam (Dioscorea nummularia), fiveleaf yam (Dioscorea pentaphylla), and pencil yam (Dioscorea transversa). Another study found that rats given higher amounts of purple yam extract showed reduced appetites, greater weight loss, and better blood sugar control, compared with a control group (28). 0 are more favorable for the plant. The way in which the groups of green algae are combined and named varies considerably between authors. Thismiaceae was shown to be a sister group to Burmanniaceae, and so was enclosed in it. This article explains the key differences between sweet…. Yields may improve and cost of yam production be lower if mechanization were to be improved and adopted. The integument becomes a seed coat, and the ovule develops into a seed. Although sweet potatoes and yams are considered healthy and safe foods to consume for most people, it may be wise to follow certain precautions. These may be polyphenols or tannin-like compounds. The seed yams are perishable and bulky to transport. The New Yam Festival, known as Orureshi in Owukpa in Idoma west and Ima-Ji, Iri-Ji or Iwa Ji in Igbo land, is a celebration depicting the importance of yam in social and cultural life.


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A commonly used herbicide to rid the soil of any unwelcome plants that may interfere with growth is DCPA, also known as Dacthal. Fossil forests of petrified wood have been found in all continents. Contribute to this site Modification of current tuber harvesting instrumentality is obligatory given yam tuber architecture and its unusual physical properties. Over 600 varieties of yams are known, and 95% of these are still grown in Africa. Yam harvesting is labor-intensive and physically hard. [74] In particular, single- and double-strand breaks in DNA can be repaired. Submit guest post This theory is also corroborated by genetic evidence. Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. However, all current definitions of Plantae exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria). This is a guest post by To revisit this article, visit My Profile, thenView saved stories. Boiling, rather than baking, frying or roasting, is linked to a lower GI (9). Guest post: [68] The stew obtained from boiling camote tops is purple-colored, and is often mixed with lemon as juice. With its origins in the Asian tropics, D. "[6] The combination of wetland/upland yam based enterprises is assessed as the least economically efficient, with mean efficiency of 0. In Australia, about 90% of production is devoted to the orange cultivar named "Beauregard", which was earlier developed by the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station in 1981. Suggest a post [22] Dahlgren advised the Dioscoreales to most strongly resemble the patrimonial monocotyledons, and hence sharing "dicotyledonous" characteristics, making it the most central angiosperm order. [17] (which, it is thought, points to pre-European cross-Pacific travel). Submit guest article dumetorum, the bitter yam, is popular as a vegetable in parts of West Africa, in part because their finish requires less labor than other yams. Tree rings themselves are an grave method of dating in archeology, and serve as a record of past climates. These are course occurring substances that are usually harmless. Yes, all supposed “yams” are in fact sweetpotatoes. This tree with fern-like foliage and a trunk with conifer-like wood was heterosporous producing spores of two different sizes, an early step in the evolution of seeds. Guest blogger These are course occurring substances that are usually harmless. 8 tonnes per hectare in 2017, with Ethiopia having the most productive farms of 29. The seed yams are perishable and bulky to transport. They grow well in many farming conditions and have few natural enemies; pesticides are rarely needed. Their long shelf life allows them to be sold year-round. Guest article He mirrored the uncertainty as to the place of this Alliance by placing it as a class of its own between Endogens (monocots) and Exogens (dicots)[10] The botanical authority is given to von Martius (1835) by APG for his sort of the family Dioscoreae or Ordo,[3] while other sources[11] cite Hooker (Dioscoreales Hook. Sweet potato cultivars with dark orange flesh have more beta-carotene (converted to a higher vitamin A content once digested) than those with powdery flesh, and their accrued cultivation is being encouraged in Africa where vitamin A deficiency is a serious health problem. Pollen, spores and algae (dinoflagellates and acritarchs) are used for dating sedimentary rock sequences. Dioscorea root is traditionally eaten on Māgh Sankrānti (a midwinter festival) in Nepal. Sponsored post The main derivations borrow from verbs meaning "to eat". Some varieties can be eaten raw, while some require soaking or boiling for medical aid before eating. Guest contributor guidelines Another custom observed is that women are not permitted to go to the yam farms till it is ready for harvesting; however, harvesting of the crop is the prerogative of the women. Yet, they are completely different vegetables. Submit content 'ginkgo-leaf yam'; kanji: 銀杏芋), or yamatoimo (lit. Want to write for ), which has led some scholars to suspect an instance of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact. In Dahlgren's third and final version (1985)[22] that broader circumscription of Dioscoreales was created within the superorder Lilianae, subclass Liliidae (monocotyledons), class Magnoliopsida (angiosperms) and comprised the seven families Dioscoreaceae, Petermanniaceae, Smilacaceae, Stemonaceae, Taccaceae, Trichopodaceae and Trilliaceae. Looking for guest posts Here are 6 surprising health benefits of sweet…. The Chlorophyta (a name that has also been used for all green algae) are the sister group to the Charophytes, from which the land plants evolved. These stresses often cause DNA damage directly, or indirectly via the stage of thermolabile oxygen species. Plants used in herbalism include ginkgo, echinacea, feverfew, and Saint John's wort. Some cultivars also form shoots up to 16 meters in length. Most species of bryophytes remain small throughout their life-cycle. After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo plant develops inside the ovule. The plant provides a home, and sometimes food, for the ants. Submitting a guest post [34] In Indonesia, an extract of air potato is used in the preparation of arrow poison. HbA1c is a measure of long-term blood sugar control (27). The tuber shape is generally cylindrical, but can vary. Wild forms of bitter yams (Dioscorea dumetorum) do contain some toxins, such as dihydrodioscorine, that taste bitter, hence are referred to as bitter yam. [91] Those that are less operative competitors are less likely to contribute to the next generation of offspring. In Southern Zambia, it is an important plus to the March–September diets of almost all, and income of over half of rural households. In this state especially among Tiv people, the size of the yam farm or the tonnage of yams produced becomes the social status of that farmer. The protein content and quality of roots and tubers is lower than other food staples, with the content of yam and potato being around 2% on a fresh-weight basis. These tubers also provide decent amounts of other micronutrients, such as copper and vitamin C. Historical records in West Africa and of African yams in Europe date back to the 16th century. Harvesting is done before the vines become dry and soil becomes dry and hard. Vascular plants first appeared during the Silurian period, and by the Devonian had diversified and spread into many different terrestrial environments. In 1905, the air potato was introduced to Florida and has since become an invasive species in much of the state. Green plants obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts that are derived from endosymbiosis with true bacteria. Looking for guest posts The first plant genome sequenced was that of Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes about 25,500 genes. They can be bought whole or as a powder, flour, and even append. Arboretums and botanical gardens are public collections of living plants. Raw forms, however, are not edible and cannot be digested. Guest post: This involves mashing the yam and mixing it with coconut milk and sugar. Before European contact, the Māori people grew several varieties of small, yellow-skin, finger-sized kumara (with names including taputini,[82] taroamahoe, pehu, hutihuti, and rekamaroa[83]) that they had brought with them from east Polynesia. Parasitic plants, on the other hand, use the resources of their host to provide the materials needed for metabolism and growth. A different crop plant, the oca (Oxalis tuberosa, a species of wood sorrel), is called a "yam" in many parts of Polynesia, including New Zealand. Guest posts Their cultivation and harvesting is attended by complex rituals and taboos. It is recorded, for example, in Elinor Fettiplace's Receipt Book, compiled in England in 1604. Another variation on the typical sweet potato pie is the Okinawan sweet potato haupia pie, which is made with purple sweet potatoes, native to the island of Hawaii and believed to have been originally civilized as early as 500 CE. This article explains the key differences between sweet…. [91] These shared resources commonly include space for growth, sunlight, water and nutrients. They also tend to have a good shelf life. Guest posts wanted When water freezes in plants, the consequences for the plant depend very much on whether the state change occurs within cells (intracellularly) or outside cells in living thing spaces. Fossils of seed ferns such as Glossopteris are widely dispensed throughout several continents of the Southern Hemisphere, a fact that gave support to Alfred Wegener's early ideas regarding Continental drift theory. Guest post courtesy of Yams can be enjoyed with or without the skin and used in both sweet and savory dishes. Suggest a post Nigeria is by far the world’s largest producer of yams, financial statement for over 70–76 percent of the world production. Daigaku-imo (ja:大学芋) is a baked and caramel syruped sweet potato dessert. They have a long shelf life and are usually sweeter and moister than regular potatoes. White- and off-white-fleshed yams are cut in cubes, cooked, lightly fermented, and eaten as afternoon snacks. The Chinese yam plant is somewhat smaller than the African, with the vines about 3 m (10 ft) long. Guest posters wanted [67] After the initial formation of intercellular ice, the cells shrink as water is lost to the segregated ice, and the cells undergo freeze-drying. [28] But raw yam has the highest potassium levels amongst the 10 major staple foods of the world (see nutritional chart). [20] Research on physical phenomenon of this subspecies to alleviate the threat from wild harvest has been successful. Plants are distributed almost worldwide. They will have advice on whether the yam must be peeled before cooking and how to serve it. The tubers are harvested after about 6 months of growth. [31] Of these, the largest group is Dioscorea (yams) with about 450 species. Cuttings of sweet potato vine, either edible or flora cultivars, will rapidly form roots in water and will grow in it, indefinitely, in good lighting with a steady supply of nutrients. They are genteel in the eastern and southern lower highlands and harvested during the rainy season (June/July). [22] Purple yams are also valued for the starch that can be processed from them. 13 - 1990, sweet potato leaves and shoots are a good source of vitamins A, C, and B2 (riboflavin), and according to research done by A. The primary mechanism plants have for capturing light energy is the pigment chlorophyll. Storing yam at low somaesthesia reduces the ventilation rates. The naming of plants is governed by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants and International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (see cultivated plant taxonomy). You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. By varying the proportions of the juices, every shade from pink to black can be obtained. In 2019, global human action of sweet potatoes was 92 million tonnes, led by China with 56% of the world total (table). Think you know the differences between yams and sweetpotatoes? Take our quiz and test your root knowledge!. They are about the size of potatoes (hence the name "air potato"), weighing from 0. In addition, the substructure of multicellular fungi is several from that of plants, taking the form of many chitinous microscopic strands called hyphae, which may be further divided into cells or may form a syncytium containing many being nuclei. Become an author Yams in West Africa are typically harvested by hand using sticks, spades, or diggers. [31] But in the 2015 study of Hertwerk and colleagues, seven genera representing all three families were examined with an eight gene dataset. 0 million tonnes, led by Nigeria with 66% of the global total (table). Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae). Yams are more commonly found in the West as a powder or health supplement. Become an author [19][20] Kumara is particularly popular as a roasted food, often served with sour cream and sweet chili sauce.


Dioscorea alata contribute to our site

Wood is used not only for buildings, boats, and furniture, but also for smaller items such as musical instruments and sports instrumentality. In order to set it apart from paler-skinned sweet potatoes, producers labeled them “yams. In his examination of Huber's Stemonales, he found that the two constituent families had as close an phylogenetic relation to Dioscoreaceae as to each other, and hence enclosed them. In Malaysia and Singapore, sweet potato is often cut into small cubes and cooked with taro and coconut milk (santan) to make a sweet dessert called "bubur cha cha". They highly-developed a number of adaptations that allowed them to spread into increasingly more arid places, notably the vascular tissues xylem and phloem, that transport water and food throughout the organism. Naturally occurring plant proteins found in yams can be toxic and cause illness if consumed raw. Contributor guidelines Sweet potatoes tend to be more readily available and are nutritionally superior to yams — albeit only slenderly. The best fundamental quantity to store yams is between 14 and 16 °C (57 and 61 °F), with high-technology-controlled humidness and climatical conditions, after a process of curing. [108][109] The fossil fuels coal, petroleum and natural gas are derived from the remains of aquatic organisms including flora in geological time. Guest post courtesy of Wood is used not only for buildings, boats, and furniture, but also for smaller items such as musical instruments and sports instrumentality. The crop yield depends on how and where the sets are planted, sizes of mounds, interplant spacing, provision of stakes for the resultant plants, yam species, and tuber sizes desired at harvest. The way in which the groups of green algae are combined and named varies considerably between authors. Guest-blogger The center of origin of purple yam is unknown, but archaeological manifest suggests that it was exploited in Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea before the Austronesian expansion. For example, sweet potatoes have a medium-to-high GI, varying from 44–96, whereas yams have a low-to-high GI, ranging from 35–77 (8). In Colombia yam production has been specifically located in the Caribbean region, where it has become a key product in the diet of the population of this area. In Australia, about 90% of production is devoted to the orange cultivar named "Beauregard", which was earlier developed by the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station in 1981. But due to their large size and irregular shape, they can still cause…. Pollen, spores and algae (dinoflagellates and acritarchs) are used for dating sedimentary rock sequences. People offer yams to gods and ancestors first, before distributing them to the villagers. hispida) which requires physical process before it can be edible. What is commonly called "sweet potato" (ja:スイートポテト) in Japan is a cake made by baking mashed sweet potatoes. Contribute to this site The earliest fossils attributed to green algae date from the Precambrian (ca. Though yams’ rich nutritional content appears to provide numerous benefits, more human research is needed to study these effects in detail. Yields may improve and cost of yam creative activity be lower if mechanization were to be developed and adopted. Want to write for However, in Colombia, there is no evidence of the use of this product, other than food. Under the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system of 1998,[26] which took Dahlgren's system as a basis, the order was placed in the monocot clade and comprised the five families Burmanniaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Taccaceae, Thismiaceae and Trichopodaceae. The bitter compounds in these yams are water-soluble alkaloids which, on ingestion, produce severe and distressing symptoms. Sponsored post: Evolutionary innovation continued in the Carboniferous and later geological periods and is ongoing today. Department of Agriculture requires labels with the term ‘yam’ to be accompanied by the term ‘sweetpotato. They are an extremely robust vegetable. alata, called "white yam",[1] winged yam, water yam, and purple yam (not to be confused with the Okinawan purple "yam", which is a sweet potato), was first cultivated in Southeast Asia. The first plant genome sequenced was that of Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes about 25,500 genes. Starchier and more potato-like, usually not very sweet. However, temperatures below 12 °C (54 °F) cause damage through chilling, causing a breakdown of intrinsical tissues, augmentative water loss and yam's susceptibility to decay. Write for us They are genteel in the eastern and southern lower highlands and harvested during the rainy season (June/July). Photosynthesis, at first by true bacteria and later by photosynthetic eukaryotes, radically changed the composition of the early Earth's anoxic atmosphere, which as a result is now 21% oxygen. [80] Plants also carry immune receptors that realise highly variable pathogen effectors. Submit your content Treat white sweet potatoes like russets and fry 'em. Minerals are also epoch-making for plant growth and development, where deficiencies can occur if alimental needs are not met. Guest-blogger Contrary to the belief that plants are always in competition, new research has found that in a harsh environment mature plants sheltering seedlings help the smaller plant survive. In the Fossil Grove at Victoria Park in Glasgow, Scotland, the stumps of Lepidodendron trees are found in their germinal growth positions. It also has an important social status in gatherings and religious functions, which is assessed by the size of yam holdings one possesses. Submit your content alata is also cultivated more than D. Submit guest post Dioscorea japonica is used for food. The bitter compounds in these yams are water-soluble alkaloids which, on ingestion, produce severe and distressing symptoms. Guest posting guidelines Over 200 varieties between them are cultivated. You can buy them in a wide range of different forms, most often whole or sometimes pre-peeled, cooked and sold in cans or frozen. The GI of a food gives an idea of how slowly or quickly it impacts your blood sugar levels. The sexual flowers are borne in long clusters. APG III (2009)[29] did not change this, so the order now comprises three families Burmanniaceae, Dioscoreaceae and Nartheciaceae. Architectural designs resembling plants appear in the capitals of Ancient Egyptian columns, which were carved to resemble either the Egyptian white lotus or the papyrus. Because of their relative ease of cultivation and their good flavor, they are considered to have a great potential for increased production. The green plants or Viridiplantae were traditionally divided into the green algae (including the stoneworts) and the land plants. Sorghum stovers are also used for this purpose in the urban center land. [31] But in the 2015 study of Hertwerk and colleagues, seven genera representing all three families were examined with an eight gene dataset. It is rough and scaly and very low in beta carotene. In Korea, sweet potatoes, known as goguma, are roasted in a drum can, baked in foil or on an open fire, typically during winter. However, temperatures below 12 °C (54 °F) cause damage through chilling, causing a breakdown of intrinsical tissues, augmentative water loss and yam's susceptibility to decay. Steamed and dried sweet potato is a delicacy from Liancheng County. Boiling, roasting and steaming are the most common cooking methods. Summary: The high antioxidant content of sweet potatoes may protect against disease, as well as improve blood sugar regulation and reduce “bad” LDL cholesterol. [3] Although in both languages, this name is commonly referred to the plant taro (Colocasia esculenta) from the genus Colocasia, as opposed to Dioscorea. Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and nonliteral rainforest. Become guest writer However, in Colombia, there is no evidence of the use of this product, other than food. Plants that produce grain, fruit, and vegetables also form basic human foods and have been domesticated for millennia. This post was written by While sweet potato provides less edible energy and protein per unit weight than cereals, it has higher nutrient density than cereals. Looking for guest posts polystachya, Chinese yam, is native to China. Nartheciaceae on the other hand is a family self-contained of herbaceous plants with a rather lily-like appearance (Aletris) while Burmanniaceae is entirely myco-heterotrophic group. Storage losses for yams are very high in Africa, with insects alone causing over 25% harvest loss within five months. In Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Brazil, and the Dominican Republic, the sweet potato is called batata. The grasses, as well as many other groups, evolved new mechanisms of metabolism to survive the low CO2 and warm, dry conditions of the tropics over the last 10 million years. In Kenya, Rhoda Nungo of the home economics territorial division of the Ministry of Agriculture has written a guide to using sweet potatoes in modern recipes. In China, sweet potatoes, typically yellow cultivars, are baked in a large iron drum and sold as street food during winter. The plants that are likely most usual to us are the cellular land plants, called embryophytes. Yet, they are completely different vegetables. Much later, when Linnaeus (1707–1778) created the basis of the modern system of scientific classification, these two groups became the kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). Sweet potatoes are grown on a variety of soils, but well-drained, light- and medium-textured soils with a pH range of 4. Thismiaceae has either been treated as a separate family closely related to Burmanniaceae or as a tribe (Thismieae) within a more broadly defined Burmanniaceae, forming a separate order, Burmanniales, in the Dahlgren system. Venus Flytrap, sensitive plant and resurrection plant are examples of plants sold as novelties. Although its main use is for food, several studies have shown its usefulness in the pharmaceutical industry and the manufacture of bioplastics. The plant is a herbaceous perennial vine, bearing replacement heart-shaped or palmately lobed leaves and moderate-sized petalled flowers. [1] Some 870 species of yams are known,[1] and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. Guest poster wanted Because the rapidly growing vines shade out weeds, little weeding is needed. About 85–90% of all plants are flowering plants. Species from this order are distributed across all of the continents except Antarctica. Guest posts Yellow yam has yellow flesh, caused by the presence of carotenoids. Has more fat, carbs, fiber, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and vitamin E than sweetpotatoes do. ’ Despite the label regulations, most people still think of sweetpotatoes as yams regardless of their true identity. The sexual flowers are borne in long clusters. Guest post- In South Africa, sweet potatoes are often eaten as a side dish such as Soetpatats. Become a contributor epidermal layer), or generative tissues, with more primitive plants lacking some tissue types. They have a shelf life of about 5 months. The bitter compounds in these yams are water-soluble alkaloids which, on ingestion, produce severe and distressing symptoms. 13 - 1990, sweet potato leaves and shoots are a good source of vitamins A, C, and B2 (riboflavin), and according to research done by A. Submit guest post When dry, the pieces turn a dark brown color. The vast figure of cultivars are sterile, which restricts its introduction into islands purely by human agency, making them a good indicator of human movement. The yellow yam has a longer period of vegetation and a shorter dormancy than white yam. Contributor guidelines The inner three are a little longer. Sweet potatoes and yams are totally distinguishable vegetables. [44] Bitter yams are not normally eaten except at times of desperation in poor countries and in times of local food scarcity. [31] Of these, the largest group is Dioscorea (yams) with about 450 species. [78] Plants use pattern-recognition receptors to recognize conserved microbic signatures. In Indonesia, sweet potatoes are locally known as ubi jalar (lit: spreading tuber) or simply ubi and are frequently fried with batter and served as snacks with spicy condiments, along with other kinds of fritters such as fried bananas, tempeh, tahu, breadfruits, or cassava. While both are underground tuber vegetables, they are actually very assorted. Wild forms of bitter yams (Dioscorea dumetorum) do contain some toxins, such as dihydrodioscorine, that taste bitter, hence are referred to as bitter yam. Colder temperatures injure the roots. Exercise gives your mind and body a boost in so many ways — from mood and energy to bones and skin. Guest article Ceramics modeled after sweet potatoes or camotes are often found in the Moche culture. In 1969, Robert Whittaker planned the creative activity of the kingdom Fungi. Sweet Potatoes, often called ‘yams’, are a dicot (a plant having two embryonic seed leaves) and are from the Convolvulacea or morning glory family.


11 Health and Nutrition Benefits of Yams submit guest post

Sweet potatoes were first introduced to the Philippines during the Spanish animal group period (1521-1598) via the Manila galleons, along with other New World crops. Submit content In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte. Guest contributor guidelines Sweet potatoes were first introduced to the Philippines during the Spanish animal group period (1521-1598) via the Manila galleons, along with other New World crops. Some yams are also invasive plants, often considered a "noxious weed", outside tame areas. [44] Primitive land plants began to diversify in the late Silurian Period, around 420 million years ago, and the results of their diversification are displayed in remarkable detail in an early Devonian fossil assemblage from the Rhynie chert. However, it is popular in home vegetable gardens because it produces a crop after only four months of growth and continues producing for the life of the vine, as long as two years. In the seed, the endotegmen is tanniferous and the embryo short. The powder can be mixed with boiling water to create a thick starchy paste, a kind of pudding known as amala, which is then eaten with local soups and sauces. Sponsored post: Māori traditionally cooked the kūmara in a hāngi earth oven. In Pakistan, sweet potato is known as shakarqandi and is cooked as parsley-like dish and also with meat dishes (chicken, mutton or beef). Guest posts wanted A few reasons can explain how this mix-up happened. , and working with plants or horticulture therapy is beneficial for rehabilitating people with disabilities. There are over 600 varieties of yams and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. Wild forms of bitter yams (Dioscorea dumetorum) do contain some toxins, such as dihydrodioscorine, that taste bitter, hence are referred to as bitter yam. Yams are used in Papua New Guinea, where they are called kaukau. In temperate and boreal climates, they in the main lose their leaves during the winter; many tropical plants lose their leaves during the dry season. They were also carried by Austronesian voyagers into Madagascar and the Comoros. dumetorum, the bitter yam, is popular as a vegetable in parts of West Africa, in part because their finish requires less labor than other yams. When dry, the pieces turn a dark brown color. [44] Bitter yams are not commonly eaten except at times of desperation in poor countries and in times of local food scarcity. He mirrored the uncertainty as to the place of this Alliance by placing it as a class of its own between Endogens (monocots) and Exogens (dicots)[10] The botanical authority is given to von Martius (1835) by APG for his sort of the family Dioscoreae or Ordo,[3] while other sources[11] cite Hooker (Dioscoreales Hook. [21] This event possibly occurred in an area located between the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico and the mouth of the Orinoco River in Venezuela. Submit post As a relatively low-protein food, yam is not a good source of of the essence amino acids. Guest post Its vines seldom reach more than 3 m (10 ft) in length and the tubers are fairly small in most varieties. They appear to have had a common origin with Viridiplantae and the three groups form the clade Archaeplastida, whose name implies that their chloroplasts were derived from a single ancient endosymbiotic event. The tilled land production system in the Ekiti State consists of wetland (20% farms are under this category), upland (50% farms in this category) types and a collection of the two types (30% by the balance farms). Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. It is celebrated with annual yam festivals. It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. Guest poster wanted The sweet potato or sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae. Yams have brown tough skins and the flesh can vary in colour – anything from white to yellow to purple – depending on the variety. The tubers of certain wild yams, including a variant of 'Kokoro' yam and other species of Dioscorea, such as Dioscorea nipponica, are a source for the extraction of diosgenin, a steroid sapogenin. Size can vary from that of a small potato to up to 5 feet (1. Small yams can be cooked in their skins, but larger ones should be peeled, washed and etiolated for 10-20 minutes in boiling salted water before being used. [15][16] However, much older remains identified as being believably D. The simple equation of photosynthesis is as follows:. sambal oelek with a stick of butter. Submit guest post Yam is the main staple crop of the Igbos in south eastern Nigeria where for centuries it played a predominant role in both their agricultural and discernment life. Summary: Sweet potatoes are lower in calories and higher in beta-carotene and vitamin C than yams. However, in Colombia, there is no evidence of the use of this product, other than food. Ceramics modeled after sweet potatoes or camotes are often found in the Moche culture. Submitting a guest post In Korea, sweet potatoes, known as goguma, are roasted in a drum can, baked in foil or on an open fire, typically during winter. They are usually detoxified by soaking in a vessel of salt water, in cold or hot fresh water or in a stream. Ornamental plants have sometimes changed the course of history, as in tulipomania. Guest post ”[50] Purple and yellow sweet potatoes were not as well liked by consumers compared to orange sweet potatoes “possibly because of the acquaintance of orange color that is associated with sweet potatoes. The Viridiplantae, the green plants – green algae and land plants – form a clade, a group consisting of all the descendants of a common ancestor. 5-ounce (100-gram) serving of sweet potato will supply you with almost all of your daily advisable amount of vitamin A, which is important for normal vision and the immune system (4). In northeastern Chinese cuisine, sweet potatoes are often cut into chunks and fried, before being drenched in into a pan of boiling syrup. Contributor guidelines Yam crops face blackjack from a range of insect pests and fungal and viral diseases, as well as nematode. They’re versatile, easy to prepare, and a great vegetable to include in your diet in both sweet and savory dishes. In Pakistan, sweet potato is known as shakarqandi and is cooked as parsley-like dish and also with meat dishes (chicken, mutton or beef). Sweet potatoes are cultured throughout tropical and warm temperate regions wherever there is decent water to support their growth. [72][73] Mashed sweet potato tubers are used similarly end-to-end the world. [30] Dioscoreales is monophyletic and is placed as a sister order to Pandanales, as shown in Cladogram I. They are thus not included in even the broadest modern definition of the plant kingdom, although they were in the past. Young sweet potato leaves are also used as baby food particularly in Southeast Asia and East Asia. The sweet potato, particularly the orange variety, is often called a "yam" in parts of North America, but it is entirely uncorrelated to true yams. A few reasons can explain how this mix-up happened. A monocot related to lilies and grasses, yams are energetic herbaceous vines providing an edible tuber. Surprisingly, sweet potatoes are only remotely related to potatoes. [94] Having optimal space makes it more likely that leaves are exposed to adequate amounts of visible light and are not overcrowded in order for photosynthesis to occur. Depending on the type, the flesh can range from white to orange to even purple. They have bumpy, tough brown skin (that looks almost tree trunk-like) with starchy, not sweet flesh. For non-pasta applications, Heck says they go really well with bright, acidic sauces like chimichurri. These are course occurring substances that are usually harmless. [22] Dahlgren advised the Dioscoreales to most strongly resemble the patrimonial monocotyledons, and hence sharing "dicotyledonous" characteristics, making it the most central angiosperm order. Guest posting guidelines Notice that the Prasinophyceae are here placed inside the Chlorophyta. Vascular plants differ from other plants in that nutrients are transported between their different parts through differentiated structures, called xylem and phloem. Hemiepiphytes like the strangler fig begin as epiphytes but eventually set their own roots and overpower and kill their host. In Pakistan, sweet potato is known as shakarqandi and is cooked as parsley-like dish and also with meat dishes (chicken, mutton or beef). Sponsored post by esculenta, the lesser yam, was one of the first yam species cultured. Molecular phylogenetics in Dioscoreales poses special problems due to the absence of plastid genes in mycoheterotrophs. Contribute to our site White ube halaya from California. They are about the size of potatoes (hence the name "air potato"), weighing from 0. The skin of a yam (left) looks kind of like tree bark, while a sweet potato (right) is more reddish-brown. The Chlorophyta (a name that has also been used for all green algae) are the sister group to the Charophytes, from which the land plants evolved. [124][125] Both illegal and legal drugs derived from plants may have negative effects on the economy, affecting worker productiveness and law enforcement costs. [22] The oldest C dating remains of the sweet potato as we know it were discovered in caves from the Chilca Canyon, in the south-central zone of Peru and yield an age of 8080 ± 170 BC. Yields may improve and cost of yam creative activity be lower if mechanization were to be developed and adopted. The neutrally-flavored yams are often used in Caribbean or West African cooking, and are difficult to find in the U. Molecular phylogenetics in Dioscoreales poses special problems due to the absence of plastid genes in mycoheterotrophs. The GI of a food gives an idea of how slowly or quickly it impacts your blood sugar levels. Yams are in particular consumed in the coastal area of the Northeast region, although they can be found in other parts of the country. Guest posts In 2019, global human action of sweet potatoes was 92 million tonnes, led by China with 56% of the world total (table). Shōchū, a Japanese spirit normally made from the fermentation of rice, can also be made from sweet potato, in which case it is called imo-jōchū. Dioscorea japonica is used for food. As it melts into your potato, all your problems may melt away too. In one 12-week study, people who took a yam extract supplement scored higher on a brain function test than those in the placebo group (9). Notice that the Prasinophyceae are here placed inside the Chlorophyta. However, research is limited, and studies have yet to test these effects in humans. They will have advice on whether the yam must be peeled before cooking and how to serve it. Become a guest blogger It is rough and scaly and very low in beta carotene. [75] The DNA checkpoint kinase ATM has a key role in integrating onward motion through germination with repair responses to the DNA damages congregate by the aged seed. [94] In the event that an old tree dies, group action arises amongst a number of trees to replace it. Yam is the main staple crop of the Igbos in south eastern Nigeria where for centuries it played a dominant role in both their agricultural and cultural life. Kumara are an built-in part of roast meals in New Zealand. The best temperature to store yams is between 14 and 16 °C (57 and 61 °F), with high-technology-controlled humidness and climatic conditions, after a process of curing. Yams are a monocot (a plant having one embryonal seed leaf) and from the Dioscoreaceae or Yam family. alata is sometimes grown in gardens for its ornamental value. The leaves of sweet potatoes are usually stir-fried with only garlic or with sambal belacan and dried shrimp by Malaysians. These may be polyphenols or tannin-like compounds. Among the Akan of Ghana, boiled yam can be mashed with palm oil into eto in a similar manner to the plantain dish matoke, and is served with eggs. Its use as an industrial starch has also been established as the quality of some of the species is able to provide as much starch as in cereals. If stored correctly in a cool, dry place, they can keep for up to 2–3 months. 11,000 BP), along with remains of the toxic ubi gadong (D. The edible tuber has a rough skin that is embarrassing to peel but readily softened by heating. Since they originated in tropical timber conditions, their growth cycle is less related to seasonal worker changes than other yams. For example, selected varieties or genotypes of wheat grow rapidly, maturing within 110 days, whereas others, in the same environmental conditions, grow more slowly and mature within 155 days. Green plants obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts that are derived from endosymbiosis with true bacteria. [124][125] Both illegal and legal drugs derived from plants may have negative effects on the economy, affecting worker productiveness and law enforcement costs. Experts emphasize the need to affix a yam-dominant diet with more protein-rich foods to support healthy growth in children. Guest posts wanted The Chlorophyta (a name that has also been used for all green algae) are the sister group to the Charophytes, from which the land plants evolved. Heck argues that sweet potatoes should be your new vegetarian meat replacement because they "can carry spices in a way that other vegetables can't. Become an author [3] True yams have various common names across threefold world regions. Guest blogger Yam more often than not has a lower glycemic index, about 54% of glucose per 150 gram serving, compared to potato products. However, that study also indicated both a clear word-painting of the order from other orders particularly Asparagales, and a lack of homogeneity within the order. Sprouting rapidly increases a tuber's bodily function rates, and accelerates the rate at which its food value decreases. Publish your guest post They have a long shelf life and are usually sweeter and moister than regular potatoes. [22] Dahlgren advised the Dioscoreales to most strongly resemble the patrimonial monocotyledons, and hence sharing "dicotyledonous" characteristics, making it the most central angiosperm order. Here are 7 surprising health benefits of purple…. Many civilized species of Dioscorea yams are found throughout the humid tropics. [27] Purple yam is a popular dessert in Jaffna, Sri Lanka. Copper is vital for red blood cell industry and iron absorption, while vitamin C is a strong antioxidant that can boost your immune system (5, 6, 7, 8). Want to write an article Agriculture deals with the production of food crops, and has played a key role in the history of world civilizations. Writers wanted Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. [79] Sweet potato pie is also a traditional dearie dish in Southern U. Yam powder is available in the West from grocers specializing in African products, and may be used in a similar manner to instant mashed potato powder, although preparation is a little more awkward because of the tendency of the yam powder to form lumps.


Question What is the difference between sweet potatoes and yams? guest post courtesy of

Sweet potatoes are a great source of highly available beta-carotene, which has the ability to increase your vitamin A levels. Want to write for Stenomeridaceae, as Stenomeris was also enclosed in Dioscoreaceae as taxon Stenomeridoideae, the remaining genera being grouped in subfamily Dioscoreoideae. In order to set it apart from paler-skinned sweet potatoes, producers labeled them “yams. They are not close relatives of the Archaeplastida, presumably having noninheritable chloroplasts singly from ingested or symbiotic green and red algae. The Viridiplantae, the green plants – green algae and land plants – form a clade, a group consisting of all the descendants of a common ancestor. [93] Common nutrients competed for amongst plants include element and phosphorus. [3] Although in both languages, this name is commonly referred to the plant taro (Colocasia esculenta) from the genus Colocasia, as opposed to Dioscorea. In English alone, aside from purple yam, other common names include Guyana arrowroot, ten-months yam, water yam, white yam, winged yam, violet yam, or simply yam. [1] The plant disperses by seed. In Spain, sweet potato is called boniato. [citation needed] Growing immersed in fresh water, they consist of a central stalk with whorls of branchlets. However, these do not form underground storage organs. Venus Flytrap, sensitive plant and resurrection plant are examples of plants sold as novelties. It is estimated that Dioscoreales and its sister clade Pandanales split up around 121 million years ago during Early Cretaceous when the stem group was formed. Real yams are solely different root vegetables that are more like yucca in texture and flavor. It can also be used similarly to instant mashed potatoes. Sweet potato chips are also a commonly sold snack, be it on the street or in packaged foods. Sweet potato dish is a side dish of mashed sweet potatoes in a casserole dish, topped with a brown sugar and pecan topping. Stomata are absent from liverworts, but occur on the sporangia of mosses and hornworts, allowing gas exchange. [54][55] The classification of Bryophyta is supported both by Puttick et al. Writers wanted Even more, it’s realizable that you’ve never even tasted a yam!. Certain types of sweet potatoes, specially purple varieties, are thought to be the highest in antioxidants — much higher than many other fruits and vegetables (13). Sweet potato mash is served as a side dish, often at Thanksgiving dinner or with barbecue. The most common cooking methods in Western and Central Africa are by boiling, frying or cooking. Become guest writer Cured sweet potatoes can keep for thirteen months when stored at 13–15 °C (55–59 °F) with >90% relative humidity. Yam supplies 118 calories per 100 grams. White- and off-white-fleshed yams are cut in cubes, cooked, lightly fermented, and eaten as afternoon snacks. [63] The cultivars used are an orange-fleshed one as well as a white/cream-fleshed one. [83] In terms of sheer DNA sequence, the smallest published genome is that of the piscivorous carnivorous plant (Utricularia gibba) at 82 Mb (although it still encodes 28,500 genes)[84] while the largest, from the Norway Spruce (Picea abies), extends over 19,600 Mb (encoding about 28,300 genes). Contributor guidelines Peeling and cooking yams thoroughly will remove any harmful substances (19). Become a guest blogger Yams in West Africa are typically harvested by hand using sticks, spades, or diggers. Yams (Dioscorea) are a type of tuber vegetable that originated in Asia, Africa, and the Carribean (1). This is because it reminded them of true yams, a food staple they knew in Africa. [83] In terms of sheer DNA sequence, the smallest published genome is that of the piscivorous carnivorous plant (Utricularia gibba) at 82 Mb (although it still encodes 28,500 genes)[84] while the largest, from the Norway Spruce (Picea abies), extends over 19,600 Mb (encoding about 28,300 genes). [72][73] Mashed sweet potato tubers are used similarly end-to-end the world. Ancient trees are revered and many are famous. Submit guest post This type of starch is linked to various health benefits, including decreased appetite, as well as reinforced blood sugar levels and insulin sentiency (30). [3] True yams have various common names across multiple world regions. The genus Ipomoea that contains the sweet potato also includes several garden flowers called morning glories, though that term is not usually spread-eagle to Ipomoea batatas. Tuber flesh is white and watery in texture. In addition, the substructure of multicellular fungi is several from that of plants, taking the form of many chitinous microscopic strands called hyphae, which may be further divided into cells or may form a syncytium containing many being nuclei. While some gardens are planted with food crops, many are planted for aesthetic, ornamental, or conservation purposes. It produces tubers, but the bulbils which grow at the base of its leaves are the more important food product. "[6] The combination of wetland/upland yam based enterprises is assessed as the least economically efficient, with mean efficiency of 0. Some yams are also invasive plants, often considered a "noxious weed", outside tame areas. [32][33] However, the present scholarly accord favours the pre-Columbian contact model. It contributes more than 200 calories per person per day for more than 150 million people in West Africa, and is an immodest source of income. Guest posts wanted In 1969, Robert Whittaker planned the creative activity of the kingdom Fungi. Heck argues that sweet potatoes should be your new vegetarian meat replacement because they "can carry spices in a way that other vegetables can't. alata, called "white yam",[1] winged yam, water yam, and purple yam (not to be confused with the Okinawan purple "yam", which is a sweet potato), was first cultivated in Southeast Asia. [19][20] Kumara is particularly popular as a roasted food, often served with sour cream and sweet chili sauce. Serve mashed yams with plenty of butter and seasoning as an accompaniment to meat stews or other vegetable dishes. It contributes more than 200 calories per person per day for more than 150 million people in West Africa, and is an important source of income. They’re versatile, easy to prepare, and a great vegetable to include in your diet in both sweet and savory dishes. In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam. Summary: Both sweet potatoes and yams are boiled, roasted or fried. 13 - 1990, sweet potato leaves and shoots are a good source of vitamins A, C, and B2 (riboflavin), and according to research done by A. The seed yams are biodegradable and bulky to transport. Sponsored post by The easier to store yams are those adapted to arid climate, where they tend to stay in a dormant low-respiration stage much longer than yam breeds adapted to humid tropical lands, where they do not need relaxation. Much later, when Linnaeus (1707–1778) created the basis of the modern system of scientific classification, these two groups became the kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). Guest posting In one 30-day study, 24 biological time women switched from their staple food of rice to eating yams in 2 out of 3 meals (390 grams total) per day. Guest post courtesy of Dosage of fertilizer application, as essential, is decided after chemical analysis of the soil samples. For case when Stenomeridaceae, as Stenomeris was also included in Dioscoreaceae as taxonomic group Stenomeridoideae in collaboration with Avetra, the unexpended four genera were grouped in subfamily Dioscoreoideae, the two being distinguished by the presence of bisexual and unisexual flowers respectively. Hutchinson's circumscription of Dioscoreales included three other families in addition to Dioscoreaceae, Stenomeridaceae, Trichopodaceae and Roxburghiaceae. In regard to plants, competition tends to negatively affect their growth when competing for shared resources. In 2010, Colombia was among the 12 countries with the highest yam creation worldwide, and ranked first in yield of tons per hectare planted. Annual plants grow and reproduce within one growing season, two-year plants grow for two growing seasons and usually reproduce in second year, and perennial plants live for many growing seasons and once mature will often create annually. Yams are closely related to lilies and grasses. Yams, with cassava, provide a much greater dimension of the protein intake in Africa, ranging from 5. esculenta were the most suited for long transport in Austronesian ships and were carried through all or most of the range of the Austronesian expansion. Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. It was introduced to Europe in the 19th century, when the potato crop there was falling victim to disease, and is still grown in France for the Asian food market. Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. alata is also grown in Okinawa where it is known as beniimo (紅芋). The average per capita demand of sweet potatoes in the United States is only about 1. Sponsored post: Yam is depicted as a male totem in some areas of the Igbo land. In Africa, yam is pounded into a very stiff paste called fufu, eaten by hand in pinches from the serving tray, rolled into balls and dipped into a stew. Many animals rely on plants for shelter as well as oxygen and food. Although it doesn't prove cultivation, it does show that humans already had the knowledge to exploit starchy plants and that D. The sweet potato is more commonly found in US supermarkets, so as you’d expect, it is used in a wider range of traditional Western dishes, both sweet and savory. [44] Bitter yams are not normally eaten except at times of desperation in poor countries and in times of local food scarcity. Both sweet potatoes and yams have decent amounts of other micronutrients, such as B vitamins, which are vital for many bodily functions, including producing energy and creating DNA. Māori traditionally cooked the kūmara in a hāngi earth oven. They are mainly tropical or subtropical representatives, but some members of families Dioscoreaceae and Nartheciaceae are found in cooler regions of Europe and North America. Bitter compounds tend to accumulate in immature tuber tissues of white and yellow yams. Want to write a post Based on archaeologic indication of early farming plots and plant remains in the Kuk Swamp site, authors have suggested that it was first domesticated in the highlands of New Guinea from around 10,000 BP and spread into Island Southeast Asia via the Lapita culture at around c. alata sometimes weigh 45 kg (100 pounds). In northeastern Chinese cuisine, sweet potatoes are often cut into chunks and fried, before being drenched in into a pan of boiling syrup. [116] Images of plants are often used in painting and photography, as well as on textiles, money, stamps, flags and coats of arms. They are long and tapered with a smooth skin that can vary in color, ranging from yellow, orange, red, brown or purple to beige. Guest posts Most yams contain an acrid principle that is dissipated in cooking. [111] Cloth is often made from cotton, flax, ramie or counterfeit fibres such as rayon and acetate derived from plant polyose. These delicious tubers can be baked, boiled, steamed, roasted, fried, and pan-cooked. Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. GI is measured on a scale of 0–100. Another way of looking at the relationships between the several groups that have been called "plants" is through a cladogram, which shows their biological process relationships. An exclusion is the family Burmanniaceae which is entirely myco-heterotrophic and contains species that lack photosynthetic abilities. Some farmers use staking and mixed cropping, a activity that complicates harvesting in some cases. In homes, sweet potatoes are usually boiled. Dioscoreales was monophyletic and three subclades were represented corresponding to the APG families. Its vines seldom reach more than 3 m (10 ft) in length and the tubers are fairly small in most varieties. Want to write for Yams are also a tuber vegetable. These groups also differ from green plants in that the storage sugar is floridean starch and is stored in the cytoplasm rather than in the plastids. It is widely used for a variety of Philippine desserts, such as ube cake, ube cheesecake and ube crinkles, as well as an ingredient or flavor for ice cream, milk, donuts, tarts, jam and other types of pastries. A cultivar of the sweet potato called the boniato is grown in the Caribbean; its flesh is cream-colored, unlike the more common orange hue seen in other cultivars. The other group within the Viridiplantae are the mainly freshwater or terrestrial Streptophyta, which consists of the land plants together with the Charophyta, itself consisting of several groups of green algae such as the desmids and stoneworts. Plant roots play an essential role in soil development and the prevention of soil erosion. [1] Some 870 species of yams are known,[1] and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa.


What's the Difference Between a Sweet Potato and a Yam? want to write an article

They are mainly tropical or subtropical representatives, but some members of families Dioscoreaceae and Nartheciaceae are found in cooler regions of Europe and North America. They’re a great source of fiber, potassium, manganese, copper, and antioxidants. Published by Clarkson Potter/Publishers, an imprint of Penguin Random House, LLC. The leaves are screwed along the stems. Contributing writer Researchers, from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland, found that plants have a specific memory for varying light conditions, which prepares their immune systems against seasonal pathogens. Plants are often used as memorials, gifts and to mark special occasions such as births, deaths, weddings and holidays. Named after the type genus Dioscorea, which in turn was named by Linnaeus in 1753 to honour the Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides. Compared to golden-skinned sweet potatoes, these are softer and sweeter with a darker, copper-brown skin and bright orange flesh. 3 million tonnes of yam from 1. Aerial or potato yams have antinutritional factors. bulbifera) is one of the few true yams tamed for food in the United States. The pharmacopoeia of Dioscorides, De Materia Medica, describing some 600 medicinal plants, was written between 50 and 70 AD and remained in use in Europe and the Middle East until around 1600 AD; it was the somebody of all modern pharmacopoeias. Purple yams have edible tubers which have a mildly sweet, earthy and nutty taste, mindful of sweet potatoes or taro. LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant) protein expression is induced by stresses and protects other proteins from aggregation as a result of desiccation and freezing. Submit guest post Yam supplies 118 calories per 100 grams. This is because it reminded them of true yams, a food staple they knew in Africa. Become a guest blogger Yam crops face pressure from a range of insect pests and fungal and viral diseases, as well as nematode. Another study found that rats given higher amounts of purple yam extract showed reduced appetites, greater weight loss, and better blood sugar control, compared with a control group (28). In 1969, Robert Whittaker planned the creative activity of the kingdom Fungi. The name phanerogam comes from the Greek γυμνόσπερμος, a composite of γυμνός (gymnos lit. Yam powder is available in the West from grocers specializing in African products, and may be used in a similar manner to instant mashed potato powder, although preparation is a little more awkward because of the tendency of the yam powder to form lumps. Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. They are the most important cultivated yams. In central parts of India, the yam is prepared by being finely sliced, seasoned with spices, and deep fried. They are the most important cultivated yams. However, these do not form underground storage organs. [1] The most economically prodigious are discussed below. The symptoms of chilling injury are not always obvious when the tubers are still in cold storage. Unlike plants, which generally gain carbon through photosynthesis, and so are called autotrophs, fungi do not possess chloroplasts and broadly obtain carbon by breaking down and absorbing surrounding materials, and so are called heterotrophic saprotrophs. While sweet potatoes can safely be eaten raw, certain types of yams are only safe to eat when cooked. [17] (which, it is thought, points to pre-European cross-Pacific travel). There are over 600 varieties of yams and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. Both sweet potatoes and yams are very versatile. Submit content Generally, a yield of 10–15 tonnes per ha for white yam and 16–25 tonnes for water yam are obtained by following prescribed management practices. Also, the use in stemlike tempura is common. , the most recent common ancestor of the Niger-Congo languages) root -ku for D. The weight of large numbers of epiphytes may break tree limbs. Although yams and sweet potatoes are both angiosperms (flowering plants), they are not related botanically. 5-ounce (100-gram) serving of boiled or baked yam contains (5):. Submit guest article Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. A spore case enclosed in a protective layer called an cover is known as an ovule. The fungal endophyte, Neotyphodium coenophialum, in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) does tremendous economic damage to the cattle industry in the U. This is because it reminded them of true yams, a food staple they knew in Africa. However, it is now known that the land plants evolved from within a group of green algae, so that the green algae by themselves are a paraphyletic group, i. [22] Wood-based tools are loved to metallic tools as they are less likely to damage the fragile tubers; however, wood tools need regular reliever. [40][41] Sweet potatoes were later planted in Shōgun Tokugawa Yoshimune's private garden. Notice that the Prasinophyceae are here placed inside the Chlorophyta. Extensive changes in traditional cultivation practices, such as mixed cropping, may be required. Harvesting the tuber then involves the additional step of freeing them from other roots. [79] Sweet potato pie is also a traditional dearie dish in Southern U. From the early Devonian Rhynie chert, detailed fossils of lycophytes and rhyniophytes have been found that show details of the individual cells within the plant organs and the dependent group of these plants with fungi of the order Glomales. esculenta, the lesser yam, was one of the first yam species cultured. Since they're a little drier in texture, Heck suggests using them for gnocchi so you can control the amount of wetness in the dough. Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and nonliteral rainforest. It is also served in nimono or nitsuke, boiled and typically flavored with soy sauce, mirin and dashi. Still, more studies are needed to determine whether eating yams has the same anti-inflammatory effects in humans. Become a contributor Storage losses for yams are very high in Africa, with insects alone causing over 25% harvest loss within five months. The circumscription of Dioscoreaceae has expanded over the years. Articles wanted Hemiepiphytes like the strangler fig begin as epiphytes but eventually set their own roots and overpower and kill their host. [3] Kokoro is one of its most important cultivars. Care must be taken to avoid damage to the tuber, because damaged tubers do not store well and spoil rapidly. Suggest a post The following table shows the nutrient content of yam and major staple foods in a raw harvested form. Some plants have coevolved with nitrogen fixing bacteria, making plants an important part of the nitrogen cycle. However, sweet potatoes are very highly sensitive to aluminum definite quantity and will die about six weeks after planting if lime is not applied at planting in this type of soil. [5] Other characteristics of the order include the presence of saponin steroids, annular vascular bundles that are found in both the stem and leaf. Contribute to this site The growth rate of plants is extremely varying. Sweet potatoes rarely flower when the daylight is longer than 11 hours, as is normal outside of the tropics. Guest post [92] Some plants have deep roots that are able to locate water stored deep underground, and others have shallower roots that are capable of extending longer distances to collect recent rainwater. This post was written by The main derivations borrow from verbs meaning "to eat". People have spread plants beyond their native ranges and some of these introduced plants become invasive, damaging existing ecosystems by displacing native species, and sometimes decorous serious weeds of culture. They undergo closed mitosis without centrioles, and typically have mitochondria with flat cristae. Guest blogger esculenta, largely because of its much larger tubers. Have a question? Ask a science librarian. During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. In one 12-week study, people who took a yam extract supplement scored higher on a brain function test than those in the placebo group (9). Also, accordant to tradition, the groom has to present a minimum of 200 big tubers of yams to the in-laws as a proof that he can take care of his wife and the future family. Approximately 630 plants are carnivorous, such as the Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) and sundew (Drosera species). She notes there will be "subtle differences in flavor, sweetness, and moisture" between Beauregard (brown skin, more deeply sweet, grown in Louisiana), Garnet (red skin, more like pumpkin flavor), and Jewel (coppery-orange skin, mildly sweet and earthy, California-grown). Become a guest blogger In APG II (2003),[27] a number of changes were made to Dioscoreales, as a result of an extensive study by Caddick and colleagues (2002),[5][28] using an analysis of three genes, rbcL, atpB and 18S rDNA, in addition to morphology. [63] The cultivars used are an orange-fleshed one as well as a white/cream-fleshed one. [24] In that large multi-institutional investigation of the seed plants using the plastid gene rbcL the authors used Dahlgren's system as their basis, but followed Thorne (1992)[25] in altering the suffixes of the superorders from "-iflorae" to "-anae". Guest post guidelines Plants may cause harm to animals, including people. According to a study by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, sweet potatoes are the most underspent staple food to grow in terms of farmland, acquiescence approximately 70,000 kcal/ha d. Alternatively they may be small and scale-like with a sheathed base. [2][3] In perspective, the world's second and third largest producers of yams, Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, only produced 6. The yellow yam has a longer period of vegetation and a shorter dormancy than white yam. The terms “sweet potato” and “yam” are often used interchangeably, causing a lot of confusion. Department of Agriculture requires labels with the term ‘yam’ to be accompanied by the term ‘sweet potato. Author: Science Reference Section, Library of Congress. Guest post Within the monocots Dioscoreales are grouped in the lilioid monocots where they are in a sister group relation with the Pandanales. [55] Sweet potato leaves are edible and can be prepared like spinach or turnip greens. Contribute to this site [67] Intracellular freezing, which usually kills the cell[68] careless of the hardiness of the plant and its tissues, seldom occurs in nature because rates of cooling are rarely high enough to support it. Submitting a guest post In Okinawa, purple yams (Dioscorea alata) are grown. In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam. A spore case enclosed in a protective layer called an cover is known as an ovule. Sweet potatoes are used to make fries, pies, soups and casseroles. Many civilized species of Dioscorea yams are found throughout the humid tropics. The tubers of this plant, known as kattala in Dhivehi, have been used in the tralatitious diet of the Maldives. Vascular plants first appeared during the Silurian period, and by the Devonian had diversified and spread into many different terrestrial environments. Some are eaten right after harvesting and some are used as ingredients for other dishes, including noodles, and for time-honoured medicines. Stenomeridaceae, as Stenomeris was also enclosed in Dioscoreaceae as taxon Stenomeridoideae, the remaining genera being grouped in subfamily Dioscoreoideae. Sponsored post by They can be prepared by boiling, steaming, roasting or frying. [70] This may or may not be lethal, depending on the hardiness of the tissue. In this state especially among Tiv people, the size of the yam farm or the tonnage of yams produced becomes the social status of that farmer. Guest post policy Prior to 2021, archaeologists believed that the sweet potato failed to flourish in New Zealand south of Christchurch due to the colder climate, forcing Māori in those latitudes to become (along with the Moriori of the Chatham Islands) the only Polynesian people who subsisted solely on hunting and gathering. These include the NBS-LRR class of proteins. Yam more often than not has a lower glycemic index, about 54% of glucose per 150 gram serving, compared to potato products. This type of starch is linked to various health benefits, including decreased appetite, as well as reinforced blood sugar levels and insulin sentiency (30). In Maharashtra, the stir-fried chips are eaten during spiritual fasting. This improves the living conditions for fish, which also find refuge in the wide root systems. Successful storage of yams requires:[25][26]. The injury becomes noticeable as soon as the tubers are restored to ambient temperatures.


Definition of 'yam' guest posts wanted

Size can vary from that of a small potato to up to 5 feet (1. [1] Yams are flora herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and hot regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. Although available as a dietary accessory and used in folk medicine to treat menopause, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, infertility, or as an aphrodisiac, there is no clinical evidence that D. Here are 7 surprising health benefits of taro…. Alternatively they may be small and scale-like with a sheathed base. 0 kg (1 lb 2 oz to 4 lb 7 oz). Although its main use is for food, several studies have shown its usefulness in the pharmaceutical industry and the manufacture of bioplastics. Depending on the variety, the total length of a stem can be between 0. Specifically these issues involve conflicting substance as to the relationship between Thismia and Burmanniaceae,[32] and hence whether Thismiaceae should be subsumed in the latter, or reinstated. They are thought to originate in Central or South America, but North Carolina is currently the largest shaper (1). Want to contribute to our website Treat white sweet potatoes like russets and fry 'em. [1] Although not grown in the same quantities as the African yams, it has the largest human activity worldwide of any cultivated yam, being grown in Asia, the Pacific islands, Africa, and the West Indies. Their long shelf life allows them to be a steady food source during times of poor harvest (3). Dioscoreaceae contains mainly vines (Dioscorea) and other crawling species (Epipetrum). [94] Having optimal space makes it more likely that leaves are exposed to adequate amounts of visible light and are not overcrowded in order for photosynthesis to occur. The Dioscoreaceae were first described by Brown in 1810 as Dioscoreae,[1][5] and alternatively referred to as Dioscorinae. Plant fossils include roots, wood, leaves, seeds, fruit, pollen, spores, phytoliths, and amber (the fossilized resin produced by some plants). [9][10][11] In its current usage in American English, the styling of the name as two words is still preferred. Non-Dioscorea tubers that were historically important in Africa include Plectranthus rotundifolius (the Hausa potato) and Plectranthus esculentus (the Livingstone potato); these two tuber crops have now been largely displaced by the introduction of cassava. Guest author Plants are characterized by sexual sex and alternation of generations, although asexual reminiscence is also common. 5-ounce (100-gram) serving of sweet potato will supply you with almost all of your daily advisable amount of vitamin A, which is important for normal vision and the immune system (4). Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and nonliteral rainforest. The raw produce is starchy and bland, mucilaginous when grated, and may be eaten plain as a side dish, or added to noodles. The symptoms of chilling injury are not always obvious when the tubers are still in cold storage. Guest post opportunities Department of Agriculture requires labels with the term ‘yam’ to be accompanied by the term ‘sweetpotato. Guest posting Eating anti-inflammatory foods, such as yams, can help manage chronic inflammation (23, 24). Guest posts wanted The sweet potato is more commonly found in US supermarkets, so as you’d expect, it is used in a wider range of traditional Western dishes, both sweet and savory. Yam, any of several plant species of the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) grown for their edible tubers. Gardens may train the plants in a naturalistic state, or may sculpture their growth, as with topiary or trellis. Guest-blogger esculenta), grown on the subcontinent of India, in austral Vietnam, and on South Pacific islands, is one of the tastiest yams. These are the sweet potatoes that you roast for meal prep, use for Thanksgiving sweet potato pie or marshmallow-topped mashed potatoes, and snack on as fries and chips. Similar uses are also found in South Sudan. It is also grown in Korea and Japan. Epiphytic and lithophytic plants depend on air and nearby debris for nutrients, and carnivorous plants affix their nutrient requirements, particularly for atomic number 7 and phosphorus, with insect prey that they capture. In the Philippines, sweet potatoes (locally known as camote or kamote) are an important food crop in rural areas. Plants are mainly multicellular organisms, predominantly chemical action eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. [citation needed] Growing immersed in fresh water, they consist of a central stalk with whorls of branchlets. Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. [111] Cloth is often made from cotton, flax, ramie or counterfeit fibres such as rayon and acetate derived from plant polyose. Yes, all supposed “yams” are in fact sweetpotatoes. [22] Wood-based tools are loved to metallic tools as they are less likely to damage the fragile tubers; however, wood tools need regular reliever. Although the sweet potato is not closely related botanically to the common potato, they have a shared chronicle. When water freezes in plants, the consequences for the plant depend very much on whether the state change occurs within cells (intracellularly) or outside cells in living thing spaces. Sweet potato is comparatively easy to propagate, and in rural areas that can be seen abundantly at canals and dikes. Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean. Become a contributor 2018,[56] and by phylogenies involving the hornwort genomes that have also since been sequenced. Articles wanted [21] The APG would later assign these to Pandanales and Liliales respectively. Each consists of a greenish bell-shaped or flat perianth of six pieces, envelopment six or fewer stamens in the male flowers and surmounting a three-celled three-winged ovary in the female flowers. Synapomorphies include stalk roots, glandular hairs, seed coat characteristics and the presence of calcium oxalate crystals. Their cultivation and harvesting is attended by complex rituals and taboos. Among the vascular plants, perennials include both evergreens that keep their leaves the entire year, and deciduous plants that lose their leaves for some part of it. Furthermore, he expressed doubts about the order's homogeneity, especially Trilliaceae. The flesh color varies from white or yellow to purple or pink in mature yams. At freezing temperatures, water in the living thing spaces of plant tissue freezes first, though the water may remain liquified until temperatures drop below −7 °C (19 °F). Some climbing species, such as kudzu, which do not need to produce thick supportive tissue, may grow up to 12. There are about 320,000 species of plants, of which the great majority, some 260–290 thousand, produce seeds. It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. Several projects are currently attempting to collect all plant species in online databases, e. Guest-blogger Yams are associated with a number of other health benefits, including:. Another way of looking at the relationships between the several groups that have been called "plants" is through a cladogram, which shows their biological process relationships. Submit blog post Regardless of the type, sweet potatoes are generally sweeter and moister than regular potatoes. Yam is grown on free draining, sandy and fertile soil, after clearing the first fallow. Bon Appétit may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. Submit guest article In Mexico, Peru, Chile, Central America, and the Philippines, the sweet potato is known as camote (alternatively spelled kamote in the Philippines), derived from the Nahuatl word camotli. Guest blogger guidelines alata were native to Island Southeast Asia. The tuber shape is generally cylindrical, but can vary. Chronic inflammation is linked to an enlarged risk of various conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity (20, 21, 22). Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. In sprouted or cooked form, the relative biological process and antinutritional contents of each of these staples is remarkably different from that of raw form of these staples. Become a contributor In Pernambuco state, it is usually boiled and served cut in slices at breakfast, along with cheese spread or molasses. On the evening of All Souls' Day, in Catalonia (northeastern Spain) it is traditional to serve roasted sweet potato and chestnuts, panellets and sweet wine. [1] They are native to Africa, Asia, and the Americas. However, temperatures below 12 °C (54 °F) cause damage through chilling, causing a breakdown of intrinsical tissues, augmentative water loss and yam's susceptibility to decay. Submit guest article Prior to 2021, archaeologists believed that the sweet potato failed to flourish in New Zealand south of Christchurch due to the colder climate, forcing Māori in those latitudes to become (along with the Moriori of the Chatham Islands) the only Polynesian people who subsisted solely on hunting and gathering. 2011[49] and modified with Silar 2016[20][21][50][51] for the green algae clades and Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni 2015[52] for the land plants clade. The three families included in order Dioscoreales also represent three different ecological groups of plants. Compared to sweet potatoes, yams can grow very large. [36] The unadapted steroid has estrogenic activity. There are also art forms specializing in the placement of cut or living plant, such as bonsai, ikebana, and the arrangement of cut or dried flowers. Care must be taken to avoid damage to the tuber, because damaged tubers do not store well and spoil rapidly. Globally, sweet potatoes are now a staple element of modern sushi cuisine, specifically used in maki rolls. Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean. Some farmers use staking and mixed cropping, a practice that complicates gathering in some cases. [1] Although not grown in the same quantities as the African yams, it has the largest human activity worldwide of any cultivated yam, being grown in Asia, the Pacific islands, Africa, and the West Indies. According to the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Nigeria accounted for about 70 percent of the world output amounting to 17 million tonnes from land area 2,837,000 hectares under yam cultivation. By one definition, plants form the clade Viridiplantae (Latin name for "green plants"), a group that includes the flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms, ferns and their allies, hornworts, liverworts, mosses, and the green algae, but excludes the red and brown algae. Guest posts wanted People offer yams to gods and ancestors first, before distributing them to the villagers. Sweet potatoes have been a part of the diet in the United States for most of its history, especially in the Southeast. In Pakistan, sweet potato is known as shakarqandi and is cooked as parsley-like dish and also with meat dishes (chicken, mutton or beef). 6 million hectares devoted to yam farming. Cultivars of the sweet potato have been bred to bear tubers with flesh and skin of many colors, but white, yellow, and orange flesh is common with a darker skin. Among the Akan of Ghana, boiled yam can be mashed with palm oil into eto in a similar manner to the plantain dish matoke, and is served with eggs. Sweet potato greens are a common side dish in Taiwanese cuisine, often boiled or sautéed and served with a garlic and soy sauce mixture, or simply salted before serving. This post was written by In one 12-week study, people who took a yam extract supplement scored higher on a brain function test than those in the placebo group (9). Furthermore, another study in rats found that supplementing with yam flour reduced the rate of blood sugar absorption, which led to improved blood sugar control. Submit post The genus Ipomoea that contains the sweet potato also includes several garden flowers called morning glories, though that term is not usually spread-eagle to Ipomoea batatas. Versatile; flavor easily altered by cooking methods. It is peculiarly popular due to the spectacular colorful color it gives to desserts. Write for us Of necessity the Dioscoreales contain the family Dioscoreaceae which includes the yam (Dioscorea) that is used as an critical food source in many regions around the globe. Skinned and cut frozen yams may also be available from individualism grocers. They highly-developed a number of adaptations that allowed them to spread into increasingly more arid places, notably the vascular tissues xylem and phloem, that transport water and food throughout the organism. This tree with fern-like foliage and a trunk with conifer-like wood was heterosporous producing spores of two different sizes, an early step in the evolution of seeds. The leaves are often unsheathed at the base, have a distinctive petiole and reticulate veined lamina.


Yam (vegetable) looking for guest posts

Wild forms of bitter yams (Dioscorea dumetorum) do contain some toxins, such as dihydrodioscorine, that taste bitter, hence are referred to as bitter yam. Blood levels of estrone and oestradiol — two estrogen hormones — typically diminution during biological time. However, temperatures below 12 °C (54 °F) cause damage through chilling, causing a breakdown of intrinsical tissues, augmentative water loss and yam's susceptibility to decay. It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. [36] The unadapted steroid has estrogenic activity. The wild forms are very toxic and are sometimes used to poison animals when mixed with bait. [97] Plant agriculture is subdivided into agronomy, husbandry and biological science. This article explains the key differences between sweet…. Guest blogger guidelines esculenta were the most suited for long transport in Austronesian ships and were carried through all or most of the range of the Austronesian expansion. Most species of bryophytes remain small throughout their life-cycle. Submit an article The resulting mixture is served with a heated sauce, such as tomato and chili, poured onto it. In temperate and boreal climates, they in the main lose their leaves during the winter; many tropical plants lose their leaves during the dry season. They are often boiled and then mashed into a sticky paste or dough, but they may also be fried, roasted, or baked in the manner of potatoes or sweet potatoes, which are unrelated. A filamentous fossil (Proterocladus) from middle Neoproterozoic deposits (ca. [1] Even in Africa, the popularity of water yam is second only to white yam. Yam is an charismatic crop in poor farms with limited resources. Yams are not only an excellent source of fiber but also high in potassium and manganese, which are important for supporting bone health, growth, metabolism, and heart function (3, 4). Sweet potato mash is served as a side dish, often at Thanksgiving dinner or with barbecue. Guest post- [3] True yams have various common names across threefold world regions. Guest blogger guidelines The order consists of three families, 22 genera and about 850 species. So why all the confusion? This article explains the key differences between sweet potatoes and yams. This realization triggers an immune response. However, it is popular in home vegetable gardens because it produces a crop after only four months of growth and continues producing for the life of the vine, as long as two years. The plants that are likely most usual to us are the cellular land plants, called embryophytes. Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and nonliteral rainforest. Yams are also a tuber vegetable. alata, called "white yam",[1] winged yam, water yam, and purple yam (not to be confused with the Okinawan purple "yam", which is a sweet potato), was first cultivated in Southeast Asia. 8 tonnes per hectare in 2017, with Ethiopia having the most rich farms of 29. The stems are usually crawling on the ground and form accidental roots at the nodes. Submit an article In Africa, most are pounded into a paste to make the traditional dish of "pounded yam", known as Iyan. Contribute to our site The simple equation of photosynthesis is as follows:. They are the most important cultivated yams. [9] The taxonomic classification of Dioscoreales has been complicated by the presence of a number of morphological features reminiscent of the dicotyledons, leading some authors to place the order as gray between the monocotyledons and the dicotyledons. Contribute to our site The Coal measures are a major source of Paleozoic plant fossils, with many groups of plants in creation at this time. All are more slender in appearance than a potato and have tapered ends; however each of these does have a different flavor profile. This substance ranges in color from white or yellow to purple or pink in mature yams. Another custom observed is that women are not permitted to go to the yam farms till it is ready for harvesting; however, harvesting of the crop is the prerogative of the women. Amukeke (sun-dried slices of root) and inginyo (sun-dried crushed root) are a staple food for people in northeastern Uganda. Yams can be enjoyed with or without the skin and used in both sweet and savory dishes. They can be cooked in vinegar and soy sauce and served with fried fish (a dish known as adobong talbos ng kamote), or with recipes such as sinigang. Trebouxiophyceae (Pleurastrophyceae). Plant cells are typically magisterial by their large water-filled central vacuole, chloroplasts, and rigid cell walls that are made up of cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin. The flowers open before sunrise and stay open for a few hours. The Kokoro variety is important in making dried yam chips. 5 to 5 kg (6 to 11 lb) each, but can weigh as much as 25 kg (55 lb). The term 'yam' is often used in American to account the sweeter, orange sweet potato. Sweet potato greens are a common side dish in Taiwanese cuisine, often boiled or sautéed and served with a garlic and soy sauce mixture, or simply salted before serving. 8 million tonnes of yams in 2008 respectively. Sweet potatoes have been a part of the diet in the United States for most of its history, especially in the Southeast. Fossil land plants are recorded in terrestrial, lacustrine, fluvial and nearshore marine sediments. Want to contribute to our website It is estimated that Dioscoreales and its sister clade Pandanales split up around 121 million years ago during Early Cretaceous when the stem group was formed. In Indonesia, sweet potatoes are locally known as ubi jalar (lit: spreading tuber) or simply ubi and are frequently fried with batter and served as snacks with spicy condiments, along with other kinds of fritters such as fried bananas, tempeh, tahu, breadfruits, or cassava. The cloth on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written empowerment of Condé Nast. An algal scum formed on the land 1,200 million years ago, but it was not until the Ordovician Period, around 450 million years ago, that land plants appeared. Named after the type genus Dioscorea, which in turn was named by Linnaeus in 1753 to honour the Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides. Virgin Islands and in Florida where it is technically considered an invasive species. Guest post policy esculenta, largely because of its much larger tubers. [1] Yams are perennial herbaceous vines tamed for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, specially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. Guest blogger guidelines [27] Sweet potato has been radiocarbon-dated in the Cook Islands to 1210-1400 CE. A raw yellow dent corn B raw unenriched long-grain white rice C raw hard red winter wheat D raw potato with flesh and skin E raw cassava F raw green soybeans G raw sweet potato H raw sorghum Y raw yam Z raw plantains /* unofficial. [3] Purple yam is most commonly associated with traditional and modern Philippine cuisine (where it is known as ube or ubi). Contributing writer It is also grown in Korea and Japan. Colder temperatures injure the roots. Sponsored post Yams are closely related to lilies and grasses. It is also evidentiary to regard the glycemic index (GI) of each. Guest post guidelines The tilled land production system in the Ekiti State consists of wetland (20% farms are under this category), upland (50% farms in this category) types and a collection of the two types (30% by the balance farms). The crop yield depends on how and where the sets are planted, sizes of mounds, interplant spacing, provision of stakes for the resultant plants, yam species, and tuber sizes desired at harvest. Because of high level of yam product in the State of Benue, Benue State is crowned as the Nigerian Bread Basket. So, what's the difference between a sweet potato and a yam? At most grocery stores, absolutely nothing. Dioscorea japonica is used for food. [18] Known as kumara (now spelled kūmara in the Māori language), the most common cultivar now is the red variety called Owairaka, but orange ("Beauregard"), gold, purple and other cultivars are also available. This is a guest post by Manual weeding by hoeing is done three or four times depending on the rate of weed growth. Between 15 and 20 percent of sweet potato harvest is regenerate by some Indian communities into pickles and snack chips. [24] In that large multi-institutional investigation of the seed plants using the plastid gene rbcL the authors used Dahlgren's system as their basis, but followed Thorne (1992)[25] in altering the suffixes of the superorders from "-iflorae" to "-anae". Skinned and cut frozen yams may also be open from specialty grocers. We had Heck break down the differences for us. Plants figure prominently in mythology, religion and literature. The resulting mixture is served with a heated sauce, such as tomato and chili, poured onto it. , over 50% of the country’s sweetpotatoes are grown in North Carolina. Submit blog post [72][73] Mashed sweet potato tubers are used similarly end-to-end the world. [23] The related Nartheciaceae were treated as tribe Narthecieae within the Melanthiaceae in a third order, the Melanthiales, by Dahlgren. [94] In the event that an old tree dies, group action arises amongst a number of trees to replace it. [94] Having optimal space makes it more likely that leaves are exposed to adequate amounts of visible light and are not overcrowded in order for photosynthesis to occur. Submit an article In the Philippines, the purple ube species of yam (Dioscorea alata), is eaten as a sweetened dessert called ube halaya, and is also used as an component in another Filipino dessert, halo-halo. Suggest a post Dahlgren, in the second version of his categorization categorization (1982)[20] raised the Liliiflorae to a superorder and placed Dioscoreales as an order within it. Sponsored post by However, that study also indicated both a clear word-painting of the order from other orders particularly Asparagales, and a lack of homogeneity within the order. Guest contributor guidelines In central parts of India, the yam is prepared by being finely sliced, seasoned with spices, and deep fried. Over 200 varieties between them are cultivated. Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. Rubber bullets and bean bag bullets are well-advised to be non-lethal weapons. The latest major group of plants to evolve were the grasses, which became important in the mid Tertiary, from around 40 million years ago. The center of origin of purple yam is unknown, but archaeological manifest suggests that it was exploited in Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea before the Austronesian expansion. After 7 to 12 months' growth, the tubers are harvested. For the early history from Lindley (1853)[7] onwards, see Caddick et al. Because the rapidly growing vines shade out weeds, little weeding is needed. A recent unconventional view, supported by genetic evidence, is that they evolved from terrestrial single-celled algae,[43] and that even the common ancestor of red and green algae, and the animate thing freshwater algae glaucophytes, originated in a terrestrial environment in fresh water biofilms or microbial mats. The sweet potato, particularly the orange variety, is often called a "yam" in parts of North America, but it is entirely uncorrelated to true yams. 11,000 BP), along with remains of the toxic ubi gadong (D. [78] Plants use pattern-recognition receptors to recognize conserved microbic signatures. [1] They are native to Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Plants used in herbalism include ginkgo, echinacea, feverfew, and Saint John's wort. Yam plants can grow up to 15 m (49 ft) in length and 7.


Sweet potato suggest a post

The cost of yam is higher due to the difficulty in farming and relatively low volume of human activity. They are an extremely robust vegetable. Another study found that rats given higher amounts of purple yam extract showed reduced appetites, greater weight loss, and better blood sugar control, compared with a control group (28). The young leaves and vine tips of sweet potato leaves are widely consumed as a vegetable in West African countries (Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, for example), as well as in northeastern Uganda, East Africa. For case when Stenomeridaceae, as Stenomeris was also included in Dioscoreaceae as taxonomic group Stenomeridoideae in collaboration with Avetra, the unexpended four genera were grouped in subfamily Dioscoreoideae, the two being distinguished by the presence of bisexual and unisexual flowers respectively. In Peru and Bolivia, the general word in Quechua for the sweet potato is apichu, however there are variants used such as khumara, kumar (Ayacucho Quechua), and kumara (Bolivian Quechua),[14] strikingly similar to the Polynesian name kumara and its regional Oceanic cognates (kumala, umala, 'uala, etc. Contribute to our site There are about 320,000 species of plants, of which the great majority, some 260–290 thousand, produce seeds. [71] Plants are capable of a DNA damage phrase that is a critical mechanism for maintaining genome stability. It is one of various species of yams that were domesticated and cultivated severally within Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea for their starchy tubers, including the round yam (Dioscorea bulbifera), ubi gadong (Dioscorea hispida), lesser yam (Dioscorea esculenta), Pacific yam (Dioscorea nummularia), fiveleaf yam (Dioscorea pentaphylla), and pencil yam (Dioscorea transversa). Guest post The growth rate of plants is extremely varying. Blog for us In Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Brazil, and the Dominican Republic, the sweet potato is called batata. Suggest a post Agriculture includes agronomy for arable crops, agriculture for vegetables and fruit, and forestry for timber. Cuttings of sweet potato vine, either edible or flora cultivars, will rapidly form roots in water and will grow in it, indefinitely, in good lighting with a steady supply of nutrients. Yams are still important for survival in these regions. Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. Submit content In the mosses and hornworts a cuticle is usually only produced on the flora. Colder temperatures injure the roots. These include wild Mexican yam, colic root or Chinese yam. In forested areas, tubers grow in areas where other tree roots are present. The plant does not tolerate frost. The bulk of the moss-like is composed of a much softer substance known as the "meat". The earliest fossils attributed to green algae date from the Precambrian (ca. [36] The unadapted steroid has estrogenic activity. Suggest a post In Korea, sweet potatoes, known as goguma, are roasted in a drum can, baked in foil or on an open fire, typically during winter. Sweet potato cultivars with white or pale yellow flesh are less sweet and moist than those with red, pink or orange flesh. Some varieties rarely or never produce flowers. [44] Bitter yams are not commonly eaten except at times of desperation in poor countries and in times of local food scarcity. Guest post courtesy of Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne illness in many tropical and subtropical countries. In Pakistan, sweet potato is known as shakarqandi and is cooked as parsley-like dish and also with meat dishes (chicken, mutton or beef). [119] NASA predicts that space Stations of the Cross or space colonies will one day rely on plants for life support. In Indonesia, the same purple yam is used for preparing desserts. Contribute to our site [13] However, in his more definitive work, the Genera plantara (1883), he simply placed Dioscoraceae in the Epigynae "Series". On the evening of All Souls' Day, in Catalonia (northeastern Spain) it is traditional to serve roasted sweet potato and chestnuts, panellets and sweet wine. Some authors have proposed, without evidence, an origin in Mainland Southeast Asia, but it shows the greatest phenotypic variability in the Philippines and New Guinea. Suggest a post (2002a) Table 1[5] and Table 2 in Bouman (1995). This classification may date from Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC), who made the preeminence between plants, which generally do not move, and animals, which often are mobile to catch their food. Whittaker's creation reclassification was based on the fundamental difference in nutrition between the Fungi and the Plantae. In 2010, Colombia was among the 12 countries with the highest yam production worldwide, and ranked first in yield of tons per hectare planted. Dioscorea japonica known as East Asian mountain yam, yamaimo, or Japanese mountain yam, is a type of yam (Dioscorea) native to Japan (including Ryukyu and Bonin Islands), Korea, China, Taiwan, and Assam. Guest post courtesy of Their long shelf life allows them to be sold year-round. Young sweet potato leaves are also used as baby food particularly in Southeast Asia and East Asia. The chloroplasts of green plants are surrounded by two membranes, suggesting they originated directly from endosymbiotic true bacteria. Raw forms, however, are not edible and cannot be digested. The neutrally-flavored yams are often used in Caribbean or West African cooking, and are difficult to find in the U. Myrmecophytes are plants that have coevolved with ants. Sweet potatoes are grown on a variety of soils, but well-drained, light- and medium-textured soils with a pH range of 4. While sweet potatoes can safely be eaten raw, certain types of yams are only safe to eat when cooked. Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. Over 200 varieties between them are cultivated. The color of purple varieties is due to various anthocyanin pigments. The tuber is often cooked before consumption as this increases its alimentation and digestibility, although the American colonists in the Southeast ate raw sweet potatoes as a staple food. White ube halaya from California. esculenta), grown on the subcontinent of India, in austral Vietnam, and on South Pacific islands, is one of the tastiest yams. Guest post- Their knowledge domain name is Dioscorea, and they originate in Africa and Asia. [citation needed] Growing immersed in fresh water, they consist of a central stalk with whorls of branchlets. Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. Sweet potato is comparatively easy to propagate, and in rural areas that can be seen abundantly at canals and dikes. It can also be puréed and used in soups and desserts. In Indonesia, the same purple yam is used for preparing desserts. Psilotopsida (whisk ferns & adders'-tongues). The pharmacopoeia of Dioscorides, De Materia Medica, describing some 600 medicinal plants, was written between 50 and 70 AD and remained in use in Europe and the Middle East until around 1600 AD; it was the somebody of all modern pharmacopoeias. Become guest writer The genome of cultivated sweet potatoes contains sequences of DNA from Agrobacterium (now reclassified as Rhizobium), with genes actively expressed by the plants. Has more fat, carbs, fiber, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and vitamin E than sweetpotatoes do. The term 'yam' is often used in American to account the sweeter, orange sweet potato. Become a guest blogger 8 tonnes per hectare in 2017, with Ethiopia having the most productive farms of 29. GI is measured on a scale of 0–100. The simple equation of photosynthesis is as follows:. Another custom observed is that women are not permitted to go to the yam farms till it is ready for harvesting; however, harvesting of the crop is the prerogative of the women. All of the species except the genera placed in Nartheciaceae express simultaneous microsporogenesis. When cooked, those in the ‘firm’ category remain firm, while ‘soft’ varieties become soft and moist. Guest posts A yam festival is usually held in the beginning of August at the end of the rainy season. Sweet potatoes and yams are both tuber vegetables, but they're actually quite different. Small-scale farmers in West and Central Africa often intercrop yams with cereals and vegetables. [3] Although in both languages, this name is usually referred to the plant taro (Colocasia esculenta) from the genus Colocasia, as opposed to Dioscorea. Restaurant recommendations you trust. Summary: True yams are an edible tuber originating in Africa and Asia. Guest article In Pakistan, sweet potato is known as shakarqandi and is cooked as parsley-like dish and also with meat dishes (chicken, mutton or beef). In temperate regions, sweet potatoes are most often grown on larger farms and are harvested before first frosts. In Nigeria, in many yam-producing areas, it is said that "yam is food and food is yam". Yam is an attractive crop in poor farms with limited resources. Articles wanted However, they are a staple food in other countries, particularly those in Africa. They have also been the source of steroids for the medication industry, including the production of oral contraceptives. Guest post policy Plants have some of the largest genomes among all organisms. The first plant receptors of conserved microbial signatures were identified in rice (XA21, 1995)[79] and in Arabidopsis thaliana (FLS2, 2000). Many cultivated species of Dioscorea yams are found throughout the humid tropics. Alternatively they may be small and scale-like with a sheathed base. Yam[42] is, along with cassava and taro, a staple food, and is consumed boiled, roasted in a lovo, or steamed with fish or meat in curry sauce or coconut milk and served with rice. Wild forms of bitter yams (Dioscorea dumetorum) do contain some toxins, such as dihydrodioscorine, that taste bitter, hence are referred to as bitter yam. It is celebrated with annual yam festivals. Learn about the likely causes as well as which seizures are most…. Agriculture includes agronomy for arable crops, agriculture for vegetables and fruit, and forestry for timber. © 2021 North Carolina SweetPotato Commission. Their cultivation and harvesting is accompanied by complex rituals and taboos. The powder can be mixed with boiling water to create a thick starchy paste, a kind of pudding known as amala, which is then eaten with local soups and sauces. It is often served in the US on Thanksgiving. Chronic inflammation is linked to an enlarged risk of various conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity (20, 21, 22). 8 tonnes per hectare in 2017, with Ethiopia having the most rich farms of 29. So why all the confusion? This article explains the key differences between sweet potatoes and yams. A raw yellow dent corn B raw unenriched long-grain white rice C raw hard red winter wheat D raw potato with flesh and skin E raw cassava F raw green soybeans G raw sweet potato H raw sorghum Y raw yam Z raw plantains /* unofficial. Since they're a little drier in texture, Heck suggests using them for gnocchi so you can control the amount of wetness in the dough. To prevent the color from bleeding out when cooking, Heck suggests roasting, sautéeing, or frying purple sweet potatoes. Here are 11 health and nutrition benefits of yams. Meanwhile, the health benefits of yams have not been extensively studied. Kumara are omnipresent in supermarkets, roast meal takeout food shops and hāngi. This substance ranges in color from white or yellow to purple or pink in mature yams. When stored, they continue to respire, which results in the oxidation of the starch (a polymer of glucose) contained in the cells of the tuber, which converts it into water, carbon dioxide, and heat energy. alata is also grown in Okinawa where it is known as beniimo (紅芋). dumetorum, the bitter yam, is popular as a vegetable in parts of West Africa, in part because their cultivation requires less labor than other yams. Care must be taken to avoid damage to the tuber, because damaged tubers do not store well and spoil rapidly. Submit guest post Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. The other group within the Viridiplantae are the mainly freshwater or terrestrial Streptophyta, which consists of the land plants together with the Charophyta, itself consisting of several groups of green algae such as the desmids and stoneworts. [78] Plants use pattern-recognition receptors to recognize conserved microbic signatures. Yam cultivars are also polite in other humid tropical countries.


What's the Difference Between a Sweet Potato and a Yam? guest posts

2011[49] and modified with Silar 2016[20][21][50][51] for the green algae clades and Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni 2015[52] for the land plants clade. [1] The plant disperses by seed. Yellow yam has yellow flesh, caused by the presence of carotenoids. Guest post The yam root was traditionally used by peasants in Vietnam to dye cotton clothes end-to-end the Red River and Mekong delta regions as late as the mid-20th century, and is still used by others in the Sapa region of blue Vietnam. Yams are in particular used up in the coastal area of the Northeast region, although they can be found in other parts of the country. Guest-blogger However, sweet potatoes are very highly sensitive to aluminum definite quantity and will die about six weeks after planting if lime is not applied at planting in this type of soil. Become a guest blogger Tree rings themselves are an grave method of dating in archeology, and serve as a record of past climates. Storage losses for yams are very high in Africa, with insects alone causing over 25% harvest loss within five months. Looking for guest posts Because of the small size of the tubers, mechanistic cultivation is possible, which along with its easy preparation and good flavor, could help the lesser yam to become more popular in the future. However, the circumscription changed in the APG II system, with the 2003 system expanded to include the plants that in the 1998 system were treated in the families Taccaceae and Trichopodaceae. The many varieties of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) are members of the morning glory family, Convolvulacea. 5 to 5 kg (6 to 11 lb) each, but can weigh as much as 25 kg (55 lb). On the other hand, true yams are rarely found in Western supermarkets. Of necessity the Dioscoreales contain the family Dioscoreaceae which includes the yam (Dioscorea) that is used as an critical food source in many regions around the globe. Also, some studies suggest that certain types of sweet potatoes can help improve blood sugar regulation and reduce “bad” LDL cholesterin in people with type 2 polygenic disease (14, 15, 16). Publish your guest post In order to separate it from the white variety everyone was accustomed to, producers and shippers chose the English form of the African word “nyami” and labeled them “yams. Because the rapidly growing vines shade out weeds, little weeding is needed. The tuber shape is generally cylindrical, but can vary. Guest post policy [9] The taxonomic classification of Dioscoreales has been complicated by the presence of a number of morphological features reminiscent of the dicotyledons, leading some authors to place the order as gray between the monocotyledons and the dicotyledons. Severe cases of organic compound exhilaration may prove fatal. The naming of plants is governed by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants and International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (see cultivated plant taxonomy). Yams are also a tuber vegetable. This substance ranges in color from white or yellow to purple or pink in mature yams. Dioscorea japonica is used for food. Guest posts wanted The yellow yam has a longer period of vegetation and a shorter dormancy than white yam. There are over 600 varieties of yams and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. [91] Those that are less operative competitors are less likely to contribute to the next generation of offspring. Aerial or potato yams have antinutritional factors. They close again in the morning and begin to wither. This involves mashing the yam and cooking it until very well done. This article explains the key differences between sweet…. brown algae/diatoms, haptophytes, dinoflagellates, and euglenids) not only have contrastive pigments but also have chloroplasts with three or four surrounding membranes. [69] Sweet potatoes are also used in a variant of halo-halo called ginatan, where they are cooked in coconut milk and sugar and mixed with a variety of rootcrops, sago, jackfruit, and bilu-bilo (glutinous rice balls). Linnaeus' original classification placed the fungi within the Plantae, since they were unquestionably neither animals or minerals and these were the only other alternatives. This realization triggers an immune response. Guest contributor guidelines Smoking causes damage to health or even death, while some drugs may also be harmful or fatal to people. The tubers of certain wild yams, including a variant of 'Kokoro' yam and other species of Dioscorea, such as Dioscorea nipponica, are a source for the extraction of diosgenin, a steroid sapogenin. [45] Late Devonian plants had thereby reached a degree of sophistication that allowed them to form forests of tall trees. Raw yam has only moderate nutrient density, with appreciable content (10% or more of the Daily Value, DV) limited to potassium, vitamin B6, manganese, thiamin, dietary fiber, and vitamin C (table). Raw yam has only moderate nutrient density, with considerable content (10% or more of the Daily Value, DV) limited to potassium, vitamin B6, manganese, thiamin, dietary fiber, and vitamin C (table). Guest blogger [36] The unadapted steroid has estrogenic activity. In Southern Zambia, it is an influential component to the March–September diets of almost all, and income of over half of rural households. Also, the bulbils are easy to harvest and cook. The plant does not tolerate frost. Guest-post In 2010, Colombia was among the 12 countries with the highest yam production worldwide, and ranked first in yield of tons per hectare planted. Accepting guest posts [63] The cultivars used are an orange-fleshed one as well as a white/cream-fleshed one. Fossils of seed ferns such as Glossopteris are widely dispensed throughout several continents of the Southern Hemisphere, a fact that gave support to Alfred Wegener's early ideas regarding Continental drift theory. Write for us Using the bakar batu way of cooking (free translation: burning rocks), rocks that have been burned in a nearby bonfire are thrown into a pit lined with leaves. This theory is also corroborated by genetic evidence. Their growth and dormant phases correspond respectively to the wet season and the dry season. [119] NASA predicts that space Stations of the Cross or space colonies will one day rely on plants for life support. An exception to the cooking rule is the mountain yam (Dioscorea polystachya), known as nagaimo and can be further classified into ichōimo (lit. In APG II (2003),[27] a number of changes were made to Dioscoreales, as a result of an extensive study by Caddick and colleagues (2002),[5][28] using an analysis of three genes, rbcL, atpB and 18S rDNA, in addition to morphology. In homes, sweet potatoes are usually boiled. Plants are mainly multicellular organisms, predominantly chemical action eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. Rubber bullets and bean bag bullets are well-advised to be non-lethal weapons. After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo plant develops inside the ovule. These stresses often cause DNA damage directly, or indirectly via the stage of thermolabile oxygen species. The crop yield depends on how and where the sets are planted, sizes of mounds, interplant spacing, provision of stakes for the resultant plants, yam species, and tuber sizes desired at harvest. Sweet potatoes are also boiled, steamed, or roasted, and young stems are eaten as namul. Guest posts wanted Then it took 3 to 6 million years for the crown group to differentiate in Mid Cretaceous. The earliest fossils attributed to green algae date from the Precambrian (ca. Yams of African species must be cooked to be safely eaten, because various natural substances in yams can cause illness if consumed raw. Guest blogger People offer yams to gods and ancestors first, before distributing them to the villagers. Plants may cause harm to animals, including people. Among the Akan of Ghana, boiled yam can be mashed with palm oil into eto in a similar manner to the plantain dish matoke, and is served with eggs. Guest posts [108][109] The fossil fuels coal, petroleum and natural gas are derived from the remains of aquatic organisms including flora in geological time. The grasses, as well as many other groups, evolved new mechanisms of metabolism to survive the low CO2 and warm, dry conditions of the tropics over the last 10 million years. Care must be taken to avoid damage to the tuber, because damaged tubers do not store well and spoil rapidly. [1] While yam production issues have been stressed on agronomical practices, a inquiry study carried out on the scheme ratio of this crop grown in this region with small farm holdings, which is labour-intensive, reveals that land, labour and material (fertilizers and chemicals), credit and extension services inputs have a significant bearing on the yield of yam in the region. [19][20] Kumara is particularly popular as a roasted food, often served with sour cream and sweet chili sauce. GI is measured on a scale of 0–100. Yams are used up in a variety of preparations, such as flour or whole vegetable pieces across their range of distribution in Asia, Africa, North America, Central America, the Caribbean, South America, and Oceania. Contributing writer alata were native to Island Southeast Asia. Submit article The young leaves and vine tips of sweet potato leaves are widely consumed as a vegetable in West African countries (Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, for example), as well as in northeastern Uganda, East Africa. But due to their large size and irregular shape, they can still cause…. Minerals are also epoch-making for plant growth and development, where deficiencies can occur if alimental needs are not met. The sweet potato was grown in Polynesia before western exploration, generally spread by vine cuttings rather than by seeds. The skins vary in color from dark brown to light pink. Yams are a primary agricultural and culturally grievous commodity in West Africa,[39] where over 95% of the world's yam crop is harvested. Storing yam at low temperature reduces the respiration rates. However, these do not form underground storage organs. These must be sprouted, or prepared and cooked for human consumption. In comparison, a raw yam contains water (70%), carbohydrates (24%), protein (1. Here are 14 of the healthiest vegetables on the…. They are about the size of potatoes (hence the name "air potato"), weighing from 0. Ancient trees are revered and many are famous. Want to write for With care, early-maturing cultivars can be grown as an annual summer crop in temperate areas, such as the Eastern United States and China. Sambal-buttered purple sweet potatoes. Uhi was brought to Hawaii by the early Polynesian settlers and became a major crop in the 19th century when the tubers were sold to visiting ships as an easily stored food supply for their voyages. [29][30] Genetic traces of the Zenú, a people inhabiting the Pacific coast of current Colombia, show possible transport of the sweet potato to Polynesia prior to European contact. Fossil forests of petrified wood have been found in all continents. Most plant groups were relatively whole by the Permo-Triassic death event, although the structures of communities changed. Also, the use in stemlike tempura is common. Two additional groups, the Rhodophyta (red algae) and Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae), also have primary chloroplasts that appear to be derived directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria, although they differ from Viridiplantae in the pigments which are used in photosynthesis and so are different in colour. In Southern Zambia, it is an important plus to the March–September diets of almost all, and income of over half of rural households. Some farmers use staking and mixed cropping, a activity that complicates harvesting in some cases. The seed yams are biodegradable and bulky to transport. They're versatile, easy to find, and the varietals within the orange-fleshed potatoes are all "pretty much interchangeable," says Heck. Guest posters wanted It is tolerant to frost and can be grown in much cooler conditions than other yams. Smoking causes damage to health or even death, while some drugs may also be harmful or fatal to people. The chloroplasts of green plants are surrounded by two membranes, suggesting they originated directly from endosymbiotic true bacteria. Modification of current tuber harvesting instrumentality is necessary given yam tuber architecture and its different physical properties.


Dioscoreales guest post-

Purple yam cupcakes with flan top layers. The ash roasted sweet potatoes are sold as a snack and street food in Pakistani bazaars particularly during the winter months. The naming of plants is governed by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants and International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (see cultivated plant taxonomy). With 19th century developments in microbiology, Ernst Haeckel introduced the new kingdom Protista in addition to Plantae and Animalia, but whether fungi were best placed in the Plantae or should be reclassified as protists remained controversial. Dulce de batata is a time-honored Argentine, Paraguayan and Uruguayan dessert, which is made of sweet potatoes. [96] Sweet potato is also appreciated to make cakes or to eat roasted through the whole country. [46] These observations make sweet potatoes the first known example of a course transgenic food crop. The Dioscoreales are an order of monocotyledonous development plants in modern classification systems, such as the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Web. Dioscorea rotundata, the white yam, and D. Modern medicines derived from plants include aspirin, taxol, morphine, quinine, reserpine, colchicine, digitalis and vincristine. In a 100 gram reference amount, baked sweet potato provides 90 calories, and rich tabular array (20% of more of the Daily Value, DV) of vitamin A (120% DV), vitamin C (24% DV), manganese (24% DV), and vitamin B6 (20% DV). By contrast the second largest genus is Burmannia with about 60 species, and most have only one or two. Contributing writer The Dioscoreaceae were first described by Brown in 1810 as Dioscoreae,[1][5] and alternatively referred to as Dioscorinae. The primary mechanism plants have for capturing light energy is the pigment chlorophyll. Plants are photosynthetic, which means that they manufacture their own food molecules using energy obtained from light. Severe cases of alkaloid intoxication may prove fatal. Yams are grown in the coastal region in rain forests, wood savanna and southern savanna habitats. Parasitic plants, on the other hand, use the resources of their host to provide the materials needed for metabolism and growth. [21] This event possibly occurred in an area located between the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico and the mouth of the Orinoco River in Venezuela. Restaurant recommendations you trust. 0 million tonnes, led by Nigeria with 66% of the global total (table). Products derived from plants include soaps, shampoos, perfumes, cosmetics, paint, varnish, turpentine, rubber, latex, lubricants, linoleum, plastics, inks, and gums. Sweet potato mash is served as a side dish, often at Thanksgiving dinner or with barbecue. Guest contributor guidelines The ovary ripens into a membranous capsule, bursting by three valves to liberate numerous flattish or globose seeds. hispida) which requires physical process before it can be edible. The increasing availability of molecular phylogenetics methods in addition to morphological characteristics in the 1990s led to major reconsiderations of the relationships within the monocotyledons. This post was written by [1] The plant disperses by seed. Nartheciaceae on the other hand is a family self-contained of herbaceous plants with a rather lily-like appearance (Aletris) while Burmanniaceae is entirely myco-heterotrophic group. Their growth and dormant phases correspond respectively to the wet season and the dry season. Some researchers, citing divergence time estimates, suggest that sweet potatoes might have been present in Polynesia thousands of years before humans arrived there. In South Africa, sweet potatoes are often eaten as a side dish such as Soetpatats. They can be prepared by boiling, steaming, roasting or frying. Because of the small size of the tubers, mechanistic cultivation is possible, which along with its easy preparation and good flavor, could help the lesser yam to become more popular in the future. Guest posts In Japan, a dish similar to the Korean preparation is called yaki-imo (roasted sweet potato), which typically uses either the yellow-fleshed "Japanese sweet potato" or the purple-fleshed "Okinawan sweet potato", which is known as beni-imo. The chloroplasts of green plants are surrounded by two membranes, suggesting they originated directly from endosymbiotic true bacteria. Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. What is commonly called "sweet potato" (ja:スイートポテト) in Japan is a cake made by baking mashed sweet potatoes. The skins vary in color from dark brown to light pink. Want to write an article The plant is a herbaceous perennial vine, bearing replacement heart-shaped or palmately lobed leaves and moderate-sized petalled flowers. 80 followed by upland yam based enterprises with mean efficiency of 0. It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. Bon Appétit may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. Plants protect themselves from frost and waterlessness stress with antifreeze proteins, heat-shock proteins and sugars (sucrose is common). People eat atapa with smoked fish cooked in peanut sauce or with dried cowpea leaves cooked in peanut sauce. [42] For more than a century it has been assumed that the ancestors of land plants evolved in aquatic environments and then adapted to a life on land, an idea usually credited to botanist Frederick Orpen Bower in his 1908 book The Origin of a Land Flora. [46] The T-DNA transgenes were not determined in closely related wild relatives of the sweet potato. Articles wanted Modern medicines derived from plants include aspirin, taxol, morphine, quinine, reserpine, colchicine, digitalis and vincristine. After 7 to 12 months' growth, the tubers are harvested. The resulting mixture is served with a heated sauce, such as tomato and chili, poured onto it. In 2017, worldwide production of yams was 73. It is widely harvested and eaten in Southern Zambia where it grows in open forest areas. In exchange, the plants supply sugars to the bacterium. Plants are often used as memorials, gifts and to mark special occasions such as births, deaths, weddings and holidays. Want to contribute to our website All of these plants have eukaryotic cells with cell walls composed of cellulose, and most obtain their energy through photosynthesis, using light, water and carbon dioxide to synthesize food. The Spanish hyphenated this with the Quechua word for potato, papa, to create the word patata for the common potato. Sponsored post Harvesting is done before the vines become dry and soil becomes dry and hard. Among the Akan of Ghana, boiled yam can be mashed with palm oil into eto in a similar manner to the plantain dish matoke, and is served with eggs. This is a guest post by So where did all of the mix-up come from? Let’s break down the main differences between yams and sweetpotatoes!. [18] Known as kumara (now spelled kūmara in the Māori language), the most common cultivar now is the red variety called Owairaka, but orange ("Beauregard"), gold, purple and other cultivars are also available. [1] Although not grown in the same quantities as the African yams, it has the largest human activity worldwide of any cultivated yam, being grown in Asia, the Pacific islands, Africa, and the West Indies. 5 to 5 kg (6 to 11 lb) each, but can weigh as much as 25 kg (55 lb). esculenta were the only ones regularly cultivated and eaten, while the rest were usually considered as famine food due to their higher levels of the toxin dioscorine which requires that they be prepared right before body process. Yams are nutrient-dense tuber vegetables that come in many colors. Many animals pollinate flowers in change for food in the form of pollen or nectar. The ovary ripens into a membranous capsule, bursting by three valves to liberate numerous flattish or globose seeds. A commonly used herbicide to rid the soil of any unwelcome plants that may interfere with growth is DCPA, also known as Dacthal. Yams can be bought in a number of forms, including whole, powder or flour and as a append. The vast figure of cultivars are sterile, which restricts its introduction into islands purely by human agency, making them a good indicator of human movement. Department of Agriculture requires labels with the term ‘yam’ to be accompanied by the term ‘sweet potato. Aerial or potato yams have antinutritional factors. Blog for us 2011[49] and modified with Silar 2016[20][21][50][51] for the green algae clades and Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni 2015[52] for the land plants clade. After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo plant develops inside the ovule. Architectural designs resembling plants appear in the capitals of Ancient Egyptian columns, which were carved to resemble either the Egyptian white lotus or the papyrus. [33] The pigments are water-soluble, and have been proposed as possible food change of color agents. The arrangement of flowers may be used to send hidden messages. They are genteel in the eastern and southern lower highlands and harvested during the rainy season (June/July). The crop is sensitive to drought at the tuber initiation stage 50–60 days after planting, and it is not large-minded to water-logging, as it may cause tuber rots and reduce growth of storage roots if natural process is poor. Daigaku-imo (ja:大学芋) is a baked and caramel syruped sweet potato dessert. Want to contribute to our website batatas is the only crop plant of major importance—some others are used locally (e. It is a moderate source (10-19% DV) of some B vitamins and potassium. Sweet potato is comparatively easy to propagate, and in rural areas that can be seen abundantly at canals and dikes. Want to contribute to our website It is also used as a popular ingredient for ice cream. Non-Dioscorea tubers that were historically important in Africa include Plectranthus rotundifolius (the Hausa potato) and Plectranthus esculentus (the Livingstone potato); these two tuber crops have now been largely displaced by the introduction of cassava. The injury becomes noticeable as soon as the tubers are restored to ambient temperatures. Guest post courtesy of Raw yam has only moderate nutrient density, with appreciable content (10% or more of the Daily Value, DV) limited to potassium, vitamin B6, manganese, thiamin, dietary fiber, and vitamin C (table). 017 million metric tonnes with value equivalent of US$5. The leaf blades are very variable, 5 to 13 centimeters long, the shape is heart-, kidney- to egg-shaped, rounded or triangular and spear-shaped, the edge can be entire, toothed or often three to seven times lobed, cut or divided. Yams are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. [44] Primitive land plants began to diversify in the late Silurian Period, around 420 million years ago, and the results of their diversification are displayed in remarkable detail in an early Devonian fossil assemblage from the Rhynie chert. Not to mention, they can weigh up to an impressive 132 pounds (60 kgs) (2). A yam festival is usually held in the beginning of August at the end of the rainy season. Guest posts wanted Although the sweet potato is not closely related botanically to the common potato, they have a shared chronicle. In modern vascular plants, the plant is typically large, branched, nutritionally independent and long-lived, but there is increasing attest that Paleozoic gametophytes were just as complex as the sporophytes. The time period is big among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. In APG II (2003),[27] a number of changes were made to Dioscoreales, as a result of an extensive study by Caddick and colleagues (2002),[5][28] using an analysis of three genes, rbcL, atpB and 18S rDNA, in addition to morphology. Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean. While sweet potato provides less edible energy and protein per unit weight than cereals, it has higher nutrient density than cereals. The bitter compounds in yams also known locally as air potato include diosbulbin and possibly saponins, such as diosgenin. Has more fat, carbs, fiber, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and vitamin E than sweetpotatoes do. In Korean cuisine, sweet potato starch is used to produce dangmyeon (cellophane noodles). Guest blogger Pizza restaurants such as Pizza Hut and Domino's in Korea are using sweet potatoes as a popular topping. Want to contribute to our website Some yams are the size and shape of small potatoes; others can grow up to 1. [92] Some plants have deep roots that are able to locate water stored deep underground, and others have shallower roots that are capable of extending longer distances to collect recent rainwater. 3 million tonnes of yam from 1. Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. Animals and most other organisms are aerobic, relying on oxygen; those that do not are confined to relatively rare anaerobic environments. Sweet potato cultivars with dark orange flesh have more beta-carotene (converted to a higher vitamin A content once digested) than those with powdery flesh, and their accrued cultivation is being encouraged in Africa where vitamin A deficiency is a serious health problem.


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The Devonian period also saw the organic process of leaves and roots, and the first modern tree, Archaeopteris. [1] Yams are flora herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and hot regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. Daigaku-imo (ja:大学芋) is a baked and caramel syruped sweet potato dessert. Also, the bulbils are easy to harvest and cook. It is celebrated with annual yam festivals. Summary: Sweet potatoes are lower in calories and higher in beta-carotene and vitamin C than yams. Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants). The weight of large numbers of epiphytes may break tree limbs. While they inhabit a throng of biomes and ecoregions, few can be found beyond the tundras at the northernmost regions of continental shelves. However, research is limited, and studies have yet to test these effects in humans. Submit blog post After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo plant develops inside the ovule. In Ethiopia, the unremarkably found cultivars are black-skinned, cream-fleshed and called "bitatis" or "mitatis". It is not grown much commercially since the flavor of other yams is preferred by most people. Globally, sweet potatoes are now a staple element of modern sushi cuisine, specifically used in maki rolls. It is rich in starch, and can be prepared in many ways. 9 million hectares, 70% of the world land area of 8. The powder can be mixed with boiling water to create a thick starchy paste, a kind of pudding known as amala, which is then eaten with local soups and sauces. Become an author In this state especially among Tiv people, the size of the yam farm or the tonnage of yams produced becomes the social status of that farmer. Blog for us The texture is more toothsome than mushy when roasted, but if you braise them low and slow, they end up being silky yet still hold their shape. Become an author Notice that the Prasinophyceae are here placed inside the Chlorophyta. Guest posters wanted Gardens may train the plants in a naturalistic state, or may sculpture their growth, as with topiary or trellis. Looking for guest posts It’s achievable for an adult without a history of encephalopathy to education a seizure. cayennensis, the yellow yam, are native to Africa. It is also grown in Korea and Japan. They trap small animals and digest them to obtain mineral nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. They also contain a bit more vitamin C and more than triple the amount of beta-carotene, which converts to vitamin A in the body. Guest post guidelines They have a defined brown, bark-like exterior. Accepting guest posts Purple yams are more commonly found in Japan, Indonesia, Vietnam and the Philippines and often used in desserts. Contributing writer Yams can be bought in a number of forms, including whole, powder or flour and as a append. It is not grown much commercially since the flavor of other yams is favorite by most people. Looking for guest posts They also contain a bit more vitamin C and more than triple the amount of beta-carotene, which converts to vitamin A in the body. dumetorum, the bitter yam, is popular as a vegetable in parts of West Africa, in part because their finish requires less labor than other yams. The stems are usually crawling on the ground and form accidental roots at the nodes. The bitter compounds in these yams are water-soluble alkaloids which, on ingestion, produce severe and distressing symptoms. Become a contributor Yam is grown on free draining, sandy and fertile soil, after clearing the first fallow. Yam crops face pressure from a range of insect pests and fungal and viral diseases, as well as nematode. The main derivations borrow from verbs meaning "to eat". Yam cultivars are also polite in other humid tropical countries. Some farmers use staking and mixed cropping, a activity that complicates harvesting in some cases. Guest posting [91] Water is also important for photosynthesis, and plants have varied root systems to maximize water uptake from soil. Plants can be so crowded that no single individual produces normal growth, causing etiolation and chlorosis. The festivity ascertained in villages is in the form of a parade of long-standing dances. Guest poster wanted alata were native to Island Southeast Asia. Contribute to this site The color of purple varieties is due to various anthocyanin pigments. Become guest writer The leaves of sweet potatoes are usually stir-fried with only garlic or with sambal belacan and dried shrimp by Malaysians. Submit blog post Uhi was brought to Hawaii by the early Polynesian settlers and became a major crop in the 19th century when the tubers were sold to visiting ships as an easily stored food supply for their voyages. As currently circumscribed by phylogenetic analytic thinking using combined geophysical science and molecular methods, Dioscreales contains many reticulate veined vines in Dioscoraceae, it also includes the myco-heterotrophic Burmanniaceae and the autotrophic Nartheciaceae. Sweet potato cultivars with dark orange flesh have more beta-carotene (converted to a higher vitamin A content once digested) than those with powdery flesh, and their accrued cultivation is being encouraged in Africa where vitamin A deficiency is a serious health problem. An exception to the cooking rule is the mountain yam (Dioscorea polystachya), known as nagaimo and can be further classified into ichōimo (lit. Dioscorea japonica is used for food. Colder temperatures injure the roots. Some varieties rarely or never produce flowers. Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. Yams are used up in a variety of preparations, such as flour or whole vegetable pieces across their range of distribution in Asia, Africa, North America, Central America, the Caribbean, South America, and Oceania. In Africa, they are most often boiled, roasted or fried. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization report, in 1985, Nigeria produced 18. There is good evidence that the brown algae evolved independently from the others, from non-photosynthetic ancestors that formed endosymbiotic relationships with red algae rather than from cyanobacteria, and they are no longer classified as plants as defined here. In Pernambuco state, it is usually boiled and served cut in slices at breakfast, along with cheese spread or molasses. Roots and tubers such as yam are living organisms. The powder can be mixed with boiling water to create a thick starchy paste, a kind of pudding known as amala, which is then eaten with local soups and sauces. Unlike plants, which generally gain carbon through photosynthesis, and so are called autotrophs, fungi do not possess chloroplasts and broadly obtain carbon by breaking down and absorbing surrounding materials, and so are called heterotrophic saprotrophs. The New Yam Festival celebrates the main agricultural crop of the Igbos, Idomas, and Tivs. [64] Sweet potatoes are widely eaten boiled as a favored snack. There is good evidence that the brown algae evolved independently from the others, from non-photosynthetic ancestors that formed endosymbiotic relationships with red algae rather than from cyanobacteria, and they are no longer classified as plants as defined here. Submit content One day before planting, the tubers have to be subjected to treatment with wood ash or a antimycotic agent (thiabendazole) to prevent damage to the soils. It’s important to remember that this was a small study, and more evidence is needed to confirm these health benefits. Guest poster wanted Aerial or potato yams have antinutritional factors. Rubber bullets and bean bag bullets are well-advised to be non-lethal weapons. Myrmecophytes are plants that have coevolved with ants. The earliest fossils clearly assignable to Kingdom Plantae are fossil green algae from the Cambrian. Wood is pulped to make paper and unlifelike. Embryophytes are imposing from green algae, which represent a mode of photosynthetic life similar to the kind modern plants are believed to have evolved from, by having specialized reproductive organs protected by non-reproductive tissues. Steamed and dried sweet potato is a delicacy from Liancheng County. Dioscoreaceae and Burmanniaceae were in a sister group relationship. Some cultivars of Ipomoea batatas are grown as ornamental plants under the name tuberous morning glory, used in a farming context. Yams have some distinct characteristics that help distinguish them from sweet potatoes, mainly their size and skin. In Indian state of Tamil Nadu, it is known as 'Sakkara valli Kilangu'. A 1997 proposed phylogenetic tree of Plantae, after Kenrick and Crane,[46] is as follows, with modification to the Pteridophyta from Smith et al. Yam is an attractive crop in poor farms with limited resources. Some are eaten right after gather and some are used as ingredients for other dishes, including noodles, and for conventional medicines. The make is called La Castanyada. Want to write a post White sweet potatoes may look like russets, but they're loaded with some of the same fiber and vitamins that orange sweet potatoes have—though not as much beta-carotene. In Africa, most are pounded into a paste to make the traditional dish of "pounded yam", known as Iyan. Sponsored post: By the middle of the Devonian Period most of the features acknowledged in plants today are present, including roots, leaves and secondary wood, and by late Devonian times seeds had evolved. Dahlgren's construction of Dioscoreaceae included the Stenomeridaceae and Trichopodaceae, distrustful these were distinct, and Croomiaceae in Stemonaceae. Yam plants have thick tubers (generally a usage of the base of the stem) which often have thick, almost barklike skin. In Dahlgren's third and final version (1985)[22] that broader circumscription of Dioscoreales was created within the superorder Lilianae, subclass Liliidae (monocotyledons), class Magnoliopsida (angiosperms) and comprised the seven families Dioscoreaceae, Petermanniaceae, Smilacaceae, Stemonaceae, Taccaceae, Trichopodaceae and Trilliaceae. [93] Kumara are widely forthcoming throughout New Zealand year-round, where they are a popular alternative to potatoes. Paraphyletic groups are generally avoided in modern classifications, so that in recent treatments the Viridiplantae have been divided into two clades, the Chlorophyta and the Streptophyta (including the land plants and Charophyta). Embryophytes are imposing from green algae, which represent a mode of photosynthetic life similar to the kind modern plants are believed to have evolved from, by having specialized reproductive organs protected by non-reproductive tissues. Suggest a post Their leaves and shoots are also sometimes eaten as greens. Ritualism and diversion restriction are also related with yam, which is the staple in southeastern Nigeria. Plant cells are typically magisterial by their large water-filled central vacuole, chloroplasts, and rigid cell walls that are made up of cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin. This is because it reminded them of true yams, a food staple they knew in Africa. A 1997 proposed phylogenetic tree of Plantae, after Kenrick and Crane,[46] is as follows, with modification to the Pteridophyta from Smith et al. A nutritious juice drink is made from the orange-fleshed cultivars, and fried snacks are also included. ), which has led some scholars to suspect an instance of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact. 4 lb) per year, down from 13 kg (29 lb) in 1920. Accepting guest posts The remains of fossil plants are not as common as fossil animals, although plant fossils are locally abundant in many regions worldwide. " Standard white potatoes' flavor would be obliterated by a heavy flavoring from Spanish paprika, black pepper, and garlic, but it works perfectly as a bacon-ish flavor in her Cobb salad recipe (pictured above) or with cumin and flavoring for tacos. Structural resources and fibres from plants are used to construct dwellings and to construct clothing. Dioscorea japonica is used for food. In a 100 gram reference amount, baked sweet potato provides 90 calories, and rich tabular array (20% of more of the Daily Value, DV) of vitamin A (120% DV), vitamin C (24% DV), manganese (24% DV), and vitamin B6 (20% DV). Suggest a post The raw produce is starchy and bland, mucilaginous when grated, and may be eaten plain as a side dish, or added to noodles. It is not grown much commercially since the flavor of other yams is favorite by most people. They are mainly tropical or subtropical representatives, but some members of families Dioscoreaceae and Nartheciaceae are found in cooler regions of Europe and North America. [111] Cloth is often made from cotton, flax, ramie or counterfeit fibres such as rayon and acetate derived from plant polyose. Tuber flesh is white and watery in texture. Guest post opportunities The skins vary in color from dark brown to light pink. Over 200 varieties between them are cultivated. It looks similar to the white yam in outer appearance; its tuber skin is usually a bit firmer and less extensively grooved. When stored, they continue to respire, which results in the reaction of the starch (a polymer of glucose) contained in the cells of the tuber, which converts it into water, carbon dioxide, and heat energy. Yam flour is available in the West from grocers specializing in African products. Sambal-buttered purple sweet potatoes. Write for us [73] During sprouting repair processes are treated to deal with this assembled DNA damage. A cultivar of the sweet potato called the boniato is grown in the Caribbean; its flesh is cream-colored, unlike the more common orange hue seen in other cultivars. The wild forms are very toxic and are sometimes used to poison animals when mixed with bait.


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This tree with fern-like foliage and a trunk with conifer-like wood was heterosporous producing spores of two different sizes, an early step in the evolution of seeds. Also, some studies suggest that certain types of sweet potatoes can help improve blood sugar regulation and reduce “bad” LDL cholesterin in people with type 2 polygenic disease (14, 15, 16). These must be sprouted, or prepared and cooked for human consumption. The arrangement of flowers may be used to send hidden messages. Yams are a primary agricultural and culturally important commodity in West Africa,[39] where over 95% of the world's yam crop is harvested. Yam, any of several plant species of the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) grown for their edible tubers. In 1947, black rot (Ceratocystis fimbriata) appeared in kumara around Auckland and accumulated in asperity through the 1950s. While Lindley did not use the term "Dioscoreales", he placed the family Dioscoraceae together with four other families in what he referred to as an Alliance (the equivalent of the modern Order) called Dictyogens. They are large plants; the vines can be as long as 10 to 12 m (33 to 39 ft). The starchy tuberous roots of the sweet potato are by far the most historic product of the plant, although the leaves and shoots are also edible. Some cultivars of Ipomoea batatas are grown as ornamental plants under the name tuberous morning glory, used in a farming context. Care must be taken to avoid damage to the tuber, because damaged tubers do not store well and spoil rapidly. They, as well as dishes featuring the sweet potato root, are commonly found at bento (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: piān-tong) restaurants. Here are 11 health and nutrition benefits of yams. The skin of a yam (left) looks kind of like tree bark, while a sweet potato (right) is more reddish-brown. The scientific study of plants is known as botany, a branch of biology. Several rat studies have observed that yam powder reduced emotional arousal related to several illnesses, including colon cancer, irritable bowel complex (IBS), and stomach ulcers (16, 19, 25, 26). In one 30-day study, 24 biological time women switched from their staple food of rice to eating yams in 2 out of 3 meals (390 grams total) per day. The Dioscoreales are an order of monocotyledonous development plants in modern classification systems, such as the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Web. Certain types of sweet potatoes, specially purple varieties, are thought to be the highest in antioxidants — much higher than many other fruits and vegetables (13). They are usually detoxified by soaking in a vessel of salt water, in cold or hot fresh water or in a stream. Submit article [121][122][123] They are used as national and state emblems, including state trees and state flowers. [73] During sprouting repair processes are treated to deal with this assembled DNA damage. brown algae/diatoms, haptophytes, dinoflagellates, and euglenids) not only have contrastive pigments but also have chloroplasts with three or four surrounding membranes. It is rich in starch, and can be prepared in many ways. Submit your content The New Yam Festival celebrates the main agricultural crop of the Igbos, Idomas, and Tivs. It is often pounded into a thick paste after boiling and is consumed with soup. Vascular plants differ from other plants in that nutrients are transported between their different parts through differentiated structures, called xylem and phloem. Plants can be so crowded that no single individual produces normal growth, causing etiolation and chlorosis. In seed plants, the microgametophyte is reduced from a multicellular free-living organism to a few cells in a pollen grain and the miniaturised megagametophyte remains inside the megasporangium, attached to and dependent on the parent plant. They undergo closed mitosis without centrioles, and typically have mitochondria with flat cristae. Contribute to this site cayenensis) are the main yam species grown in West Africa. Uhi was brought to Hawaii by the early Polynesian settlers and became a major crop in the 19th century when the tubers were sold to visiting ships as an easily stored food supply for their voyages. It is boiled and used up as evening snack. Among the vascular plants, perennials include both evergreens that keep their leaves the entire year, and deciduous plants that lose their leaves for some part of it. [22] The oldest C dating remains of the sweet potato as we know it were discovered in caves from the Chilca Canyon, in the south-central zone of Peru and yield an age of 8080 ± 170 BC. Animals and most other organisms are aerobic, relying on oxygen; those that do not are confined to relatively rare anaerobic environments. The closed in stamens are of unequal length with glandular filaments. Submit guest article Totipotent meristematic cells can differentiate into vascular, storage, contraceptive (e. In the US, true yams can be tough to find. The Kokoro variety is important in making dried yam chips. dumetorum, the bitter yam, is popular as a vegetable in parts of West Africa, in part because their cultivation requires less labor than other yams. Purple sweet potatoes have super amped-up anthocyanins like blueberries, which are great for both color and antioxidants. They, as well as dishes featuring the sweet potato root, are commonly found at bento (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: piān-tong) restaurants. alata were native to Island Southeast Asia. Yam more often than not has a lower glycemic index, about 54% of glucose per 150 gram serving, compared to potato products. The antioxidants in yams may help reduce inflammation. There are about 320,000 species of plants, of which the great majority, some 260–290 thousand, produce seeds. [72] The DNA damage response is particularly important during seed germination, since seed quality tends to deteriorate with age in tie-up with DNA damage accruement. Plants may also be grown or kept indoors as houseplants, or in specialized buildings such as greenhouses that are designed for the care and cultivation of living plants. They are served alongside such vegetables as potatoes and pumpkin and, as such, are broadly speaking prepared in a savory manner. In the US, true yams can be tough to find. Ornamental plants have sometimes changed the course of history, as in tulipomania. These designations often depend on climate and other environmental factors. Yams are nutrient-dense tuber vegetables that come in many colors. [15][16] However, much older remains identified as being believably D. If you are buying yams from a specialist African or Caribbean shop, ask them how to prepare the yams you are buying. Guest column [78] Plants use pattern-recognition receptors to recognize conserved microbic signatures. They grow well in many farming conditions and have few natural enemies; pesticides are rarely needed. Yams are more easily compared to the texture and flavor of white russet potatoes (with more fiber and complex carbs) and are best boiled and served aboard hearty braised meats. Plants in all of these groups continue to thrive, especially in the environments in which they evolved. Want to write an article They were the ancestors of modern gymnosperms, of which four extant groups are widespread today, particularly the conifers, which are dominant trees in several biomes. The increasing availability of molecular phylogenetics methods in addition to morphological characteristics in the 1990s led to major reconsiderations of the relationships within the monocotyledons. Guest author The injury becomes noticeable as soon as the tubers are restored to ambient temperatures. In Maharashtra, the stir-fried chips are eaten during spiritual fasting. Guest posting Due to their versatility, it’s easy to add yams to your diet. It is native to Southeast Asia and is the third-most commonly cultivated species there, although it is cultivated very little in other parts of the world. The terms “sweet potato” and “yam” are often used interchangeably, causing a lot of confusion. White- and off-white-fleshed yams are cut in cubes, cooked, lightly fermented, and eaten as afternoon snacks. The world average annual yield of yams was 8. Sponsored post by Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean. They also contain a bit more vitamin C and more than triple the amount of beta-carotene, which converts to vitamin A in the body. Totipotent meristematic cells can differentiate into vascular, storage, contraceptive (e. In sprouted or cooked form, the relative nutritionary and antinutritional list of each of these staples is remarkably different from that of raw form of these staples. In sprouted or cooked form, the relative biological process and antinutritional contents of each of these staples is remarkably different from that of raw form of these staples. Yams are planted on mounds rather than flat slopes depending on the hydromorphic nature of the soils which are generally of loose soil suitable to grow roots and tuber crops. [1] The plant disperses by seed. Uhi was brought to Hawaii by the early Polynesian settlers and became a major crop in the 19th century when the tubers were sold to visiting ships as an easily stored food supply for their voyages. These characteristics make yam a preferable food and a culturally important food security crop in some sub-Saharan African countries. Sponsored post Yams in West Africa are typically harvested by hand using sticks, spades, or diggers. The powder can be mixed with boiling water to create a thick starchy paste, a kind of pudding known as amala, which is then eaten with local soups and sauces. However, these organisms are still often considered plants, particularly in popular contexts. [22] The oldest C dating remains of the sweet potato as we know it were discovered in caves from the Chilca Canyon, in the south-central zone of Peru and yield an age of 8080 ± 170 BC. Many members of Dioscoreaceae produce tuberous starchy roots (yams) which form staple foods in tropical regions. Guest posting 6 million hectares devoted to yam farming. Guest posting guidelines The easier to store yams are those adapted to arid climate, where they tend to stay in a dormant low-respiration stage much longer than yam breeds adapted to humid tropical lands, where they do not need dormancy. [28] But raw yam has the highest potassium levels amongst the 10 major staple foods of the world (see nutritional chart). Sweet potatoes tend to have slightly fewer calories per serving than yams. Guest author Unlike cassava, most varieties of edible, mature, polite yam do not contain toxic compounds. The raw vegetable is starchy and bland, mucilaginous when grated, and may be eaten plain as a side dish, or added to noodles. Gardens may train the plants in a naturalistic state, or may sculpture their growth, as with topiary or trellis. Totipotent meristematic cells can differentiate into vascular, storage, contraceptive (e. It is also served in nimono or nitsuke, boiled and typically flavored with soy sauce, mirin and dashi. They have also been the source of steroids for the medication industry, including the production of oral contraceptives. Plants have many cultural and other uses, as ornaments, building materials, writing material and, in great variety, they have been the source of medicines and psychoactive drugs. Bryophytes first appeared during the early Paleozoic. In the Fossil Grove at Victoria Park in Glasgow, Scotland, the stumps of Lepidodendron trees are found in their germinal growth positions. Skinned and cut frozen yams may also be available from individualism grocers. alata have also been found from the Niah Caves of Borneo (Late Pleistocene, <40,000 BP) and the Ille Cave of Palawan (c. Embryophytes include the tube plants, such as ferns, conifers and flowering plants. When water freezes in plants, the consequences for the plant depend very much on whether the state change occurs within cells (intracellularly) or outside cells in living thing spaces. Algae represent several different groups of organisms which produce food by photosynthesis and thus have traditionally been enclosed in the plant kingdom. Guest post courtesy of 2018,[56] and by phylogenies involving the hornwort genomes that have also since been sequenced. Summary: Sweet potatoes are lower in calories and higher in beta-carotene and vitamin C than yams. The tepals persist in the development of the fruit, which is a dry capsule or berry. In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam. [90] Eventually, one species will out-compete the other, which will push the disadvantaged species to extinguishing.


Question What is the difference between sweet potatoes and yams? guest post by

Some plants serve as homes for endophytic fungi that protect the plant from herbivores by producing toxins. The term 'yam' is often used in American to account the sweeter, orange sweet potato. In Spain, sweet potato is called boniato. Most species of bryophytes remain small throughout their life-cycle. It is widely used for a variety of Philippine desserts, such as ube cake, ube cheesecake and ube crinkles, as well as an ingredient or flavor for ice cream, milk, donuts, tarts, jam and other types of pastries. In Spain, sweet potato is called boniato. Architectural designs resembling plants appear in the capitals of Ancient Egyptian columns, which were carved to resemble either the Egyptian white lotus or the papyrus. The seed yams are biodegradable and bulky to transport. What’s in a name? When it comes to the yam, a bit of confusion. Become an author Here are 7 surprising health benefits of taro…. In one 12-week study, people who took a yam extract supplement scored higher on a brain function test than those in the placebo group (9). dumetorum, the bitter yam, is popular as a vegetable in parts of West Africa, in part because their finish requires less labor than other yams. In modern vascular plants, the plant is typically large, branched, nutritionally independent and long-lived, but there is increasing attest that Paleozoic gametophytes were just as complex as the sporophytes. Articles wanted Successful storage of yams requires:[25][26]. An exception to the cooking rule is the mountain yam (Dioscorea polystachya), known as nagaimo and can be further classified into ichōimo (lit. One study in 22 postmenopausal women found that a high intake of yams over 30 days improved hormone levels, reduced LDL cholesterol and redoubled antioxidant levels (17). [1] Although not grown in the same quantities as the African yams, it has the largest human activity worldwide of any cultivated yam, being grown in Asia, the Pacific islands, Africa, and the West Indies. Also, some studies suggest that certain types of sweet potatoes can help improve blood sugar regulation and reduce “bad” LDL cholesterin in people with type 2 polygenic disease (14, 15, 16). One day before planting, the tubers have to be subjected to treatment with wood ash or a antimycotic agent (thiabendazole) to prevent damage to the soils. Plants are the primary producers in most earthly ecosystems and form the basis of the food web in those ecosystems. Yams are linked to various health benefits and may boost brain health, reduce inflammation, and improve blood sugar control. [19][20] Kumara is particularly popular as a roasted food, often served with sour cream and sweet chili sauce. However, certain varieties store better than others. You can buy them in a wide range of different forms, most often whole or sometimes pre-peeled, cooked and sold in cans or frozen. In this state especially among Tiv people, the size of the yam farm or the tonnage of yams produced becomes the social status of that farmer. During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. Some cultivars of Ipomoea batatas are grown as ornamental plants under the name tuberous morning glory, used in a farming context. In this state especially among Tiv people, the size of the yam farm or the tonnage of yams produced becomes the social status of that farmer. Plants are the basis of a multibillion-dollar per year tourism industry, which includes travel to historic gardens, national parks, rainforests, forests with colorful autumn leaves, and festivals such as Japan's[113] and America's cherry blossom festivals. Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean. Versatile; flavor easily altered by cooking methods. Plants may also be grown or kept indoors as houseplants, or in specialized buildings such as greenhouses that are designed for the care and cultivation of living plants. The Devonian period also saw the organic process of leaves and roots, and the first modern tree, Archaeopteris. Yams, with cassava, provide a much greater dimension of the protein intake in Africa, ranging from 5. While some gardens are planted with food crops, many are planted for aesthetic, ornamental, or conservation purposes. Then it took 3 to 6 million years for the crown group to differentiate in Mid Cretaceous. Submit a guest post It is also grown in Korea and Japan. It is said[according to whom?] that they have also been used for criminal purposes. The monotypic families Taccaceae and Trichopodaceae were included in Dioscoreaceae, while Nartheciaceae could also be grouped within Dioscoreales. Suggest a post There are three main cultivars of kumara sold in New Zealand: 'Owairaka Red' ("red"), 'Toka Toka Gold' ("gold"), and 'Beauregard' ("orange"). Plants that produce grain, fruit, and vegetables also form basic human foods and have been domesticated for millennia. In the past, they were considered as two separate species, but most taxonomists now regard them as the same species. Toxalbumins are plant poisons fatal to most mammals and act as a serious deterrent to consumption. However, more research in this area is needed to fully understand how yams may benefit brain health. Animals and most other organisms are aerobic, relying on oxygen; those that do not are confined to relatively rare anaerobic environments. It is rich in starch, and can be prepared in many ways. Because it is sweet and starchy, it is used in imo-kinton and some other time-honoured sweets, such as ofukuimo. They were also carried by Austronesian voyagers into Madagascar and the Comoros. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). [22] Wood-based tools are preferred to all-metal tools as they are less likely to damage the fragile tubers; however, wood tools need frequent replacement. These tubers also provide decent amounts of other micronutrients, such as copper and vitamin C. Ancient trees are revered and many are famous. In the Philippines, the purple ube species of yam (Dioscorea alata), is eaten as a sweetened dessert called ube halaya, and is also used as an ingredient in another Filipino dessert, halo-halo. This involves an interchangeability between two generations: a haploid stage, called the gametophyte, and a diploid stage, called the sporophyte. Although its main use is for food, several studies have shown its usefulness in the pharmaceutical business and the manufacture of bioplastics. In Japan, both sweet potatoes (called "satsuma-imo") and true purple yams (called "daijo" or "beni-imo") are grown. Wood is used not only for buildings, boats, and furniture, but also for smaller items such as musical instruments and sports instrumentality. The texture is more toothsome than mushy when roasted, but if you braise them low and slow, they end up being silky yet still hold their shape. It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. It is a moderate source (10-19% DV) of some B vitamins and potassium. We had Heck break down the differences for us. They also tend to have a good shelf life. Become a guest blogger In the tropics, the crop can be maintained in the ground and harvested as needed for market or home consumption. With 19th century developments in microbiology, Ernst Haeckel introduced the new kingdom Protista in addition to Plantae and Animalia, but whether fungi were best placed in the Plantae or should be reclassified as protists remained controversial. The symptoms of shivery injury are not always obvious when the tubers are still in cold storage. In recent years,[when?] better yielding orange-fleshed cultivars were free for flawlessness by Haramaya University as a less sugary sweet potato with higher vitamin A content. [1] According to 2008 figures, yam production in Nigeria has nearly doubled since 1985, with Nigeria producing 35. Yam plants have thick tubers (generally a usage of the base of the stem) which often have thick, almost barklike skin. Publish your guest post Humans depend on plants for food, either forthwith or as feed for domestic animals. A food has a low GI if it causes blood sugars to rise slowly, whereas a high GI food causes blood sugars to rise quickly. The harvested yams are stored by tying them with ropes. 9 million hectares, 70% of the world land area of 8. Most species of bryophytes remain small throughout their life-cycle. In temperate and boreal climates, they in the main lose their leaves during the winter; many tropical plants lose their leaves during the dry season. The growth rate of plants is extremely varying. [3][4] Of the approximately 50 genera and more than 1,000 species of Convolvulaceae, I. The term 'yam' is often used in American to account the sweeter, orange sweet potato. Guest post  'naked') and σπέρμα (sperma lit. In China, sweet potatoes, typically yellow cultivars, are baked in a large iron drum and sold as street food during winter. Authors such as Eichler,[16] Engler[17] and Wettstein[18] placed this family in the Liliiflorae, a major subdivision of monocotyledons. Epiphytic and lithophytic plants depend on air and nearby debris for nutrients, and carnivorous plants affix their nutrient requirements, particularly for atomic number 7 and phosphorus, with insect prey that they capture. Out of these, Dioscorea rotundata (white yam) and Dioscorea alata (water yam) are the most common, and most economically important, species in Nigeria. [29][30] Genetic traces of the Zenú, a people inhabiting the Pacific coast of current Colombia, show possible transport of the sweet potato to Polynesia prior to European contact. The flowers are loosely small and individually invisible though together showy. Learn about the likely causes as well as which seizures are most…. 9 million hectares, 70% of the world land area of 8. [94] In the event that an old tree dies, group action arises amongst a number of trees to replace it. Yams are closely related to lilies and grasses. Dioscorea rotundata, the white yam, and D. In exchange, the plants supply sugars to the bacterium. In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam.  'seed'), as the ovules and resulting seeds are not enclosed in a protective structure (carpels or fruit), but are borne naked, typically on cone scales. Guest posting guidelines They trap small animals and digest them to obtain mineral nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. Wild yam powder can be found in some health food and supplement stores under various names. Submit guest post Sweet potatoes are grown on a variety of soils, but well-drained, light- and medium-textured soils with a pH range of 4. It can also be used similarly to instant mashed potatoes. They trap small animals and digest them to obtain mineral nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. Wild forms of bitter yams (Dioscorea dumetorum) do contain some toxins, such as dihydrodioscorine, that taste bitter, hence are referred to as bitter yam. If stored correctly in a cool, dry place, they can keep for up to 2–3 months. It’s important to remember that this was a small study, and more evidence is needed to confirm these health benefits. Guest article Harvesting the tuber then involves the additional step of freeing them from other roots. There are also art forms specializing in the placement of cut or living plant, such as bonsai, ikebana, and the arrangement of cut or dried flowers. So much confusion surrounds the terms sweet potatoes and yams. Yams are in particular used up in the coastal area of the Northeast region, although they can be found in other parts of the country. Yellow yam and cush-cush yam, by nature, have much shorter quiescence periods than water yam, white yam, or lesser yam. Yellow yam and cush-cush yam, by nature, have much shorter dormancy periods than water yam, white yam, or lesser yam. Basic life research has often been done with plants. In 2017, worldwide production of yams was 73. Submit article Surprisingly, sweet potatoes are only remotely related to potatoes. Authors such as Eichler,[16] Engler[17] and Wettstein[18] placed this family in the Liliiflorae, a major subdivision of monocotyledons. Contribute to our site Sambal-buttered purple sweet potatoes. This is because it reminded them of true yams, a food staple they knew in Africa.


Question What is the difference between sweet potatoes and yams? submit content

Guest-post 4 lb) per year, down from 13 kg (29 lb) in 1920. 2018,[56] and by phylogenies involving the hornwort genomes that have also since been sequenced. It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. It is tolerant to frost and can be grown in much cooler conditions than other yams. With 19th century developments in microbiology, Ernst Haeckel introduced the new kingdom Protista in addition to Plantae and Animalia, but whether fungi were best placed in the Plantae or should be reclassified as protists remained controversial. The bitter compounds in yams also known locally as air potato include diosbulbin and possibly saponins, such as diosgenin. Globally, sweet potatoes are now a staple element of modern sushi cuisine, specifically used in maki rolls. In South America, the juice of red sweet potatoes is combined with lime juice to make a dye for cloth. Psilotopsida (whisk ferns & adders'-tongues). [80] Plants also carry immune receptors that realise highly variable pathogen effectors. Thismiaceae was shown to be a sister group to Burmanniaceae, and so was enclosed in it. In the past, they were well thought out as two separate species, but most taxonomists now regard them as the same species. Later explorers found many cultivars under an motley of local names, but the name which stayed was the indigenous Taino name of batata. The terms “sweet potato” and “yam” are often used interchangeably, causing a lot of confusion. Publish your guest post Heck argues that sweet potatoes should be your new vegetarian meat replacement because they "can carry spices in a way that other vegetables can't. This chert preserved early plants in cellular detail, petrified in volcanic springs. Submit blog post The following table shows the nutrient content of yam and major staple foods in a raw harvested form. The resulting mixture is served with a heated sauce, such as tomato and chili, poured onto it. Sweet potato varieties are classified as either ‘firm’ or ‘soft’. Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and nonliteral rainforest. Guest blogger guidelines Not to mention, they can weigh up to an impressive 132 pounds (60 kgs) (2). Sweet potato greens are a common side dish in Taiwanese cuisine, often boiled or sautéed and served with a garlic and soy sauce mixture, or simply salted before serving. White, yellow, and water yams typically produce a single large tuber per year, generally weighing 5 to 10 kg (11 to 22 lb). The New Yam Festival celebrates the main agricultural crop of the Igbos, Idomas, and Tivs. (2000) Table 1,[8] Caddick et al. Submit post Myrmecophytes are plants that have coevolved with ants. Seed plants can survive and reproduce in extremely arid conditions, because they are not strung-out on free water for the movement of sperm, or the development of free living gametophytes. Yam is an all important dietary element for Nigerian and West African people. Here are 11 health and nutrition benefits of yams. Want to write an article 8 tonnes per hectare in 2017, with Ethiopia having the most rich farms of 29. Sponsored post brown algae/diatoms, haptophytes, dinoflagellates, and euglenids) not only have contrastive pigments but also have chloroplasts with three or four surrounding membranes. Summary: Sweet potatoes contain oxalates that can increment the risk of kidney stones. Plants are often the governing forcible and structural component of habitats where they occur. The sweet potato was grown in Polynesia before western exploration, generally spread by vine cuttings rather than by seeds. pedicellata, lusala, busala or lwidi, is native to Tropical Africa. The fried sweet potatoes tradition dates to the early nineteenth century in the United States. This post was written by He mirrored the uncertainty as to the place of this Alliance by placing it as a class of its own between Endogens (monocots) and Exogens (dicots)[10] The botanical authority is given to von Martius (1835) by APG for his sort of the family Dioscoreae or Ordo,[3] while other sources[11] cite Hooker (Dioscoreales Hook. Guest post: Care must be taken to avoid damage to the tuber, because damaged tubers do not store well and spoil rapidly. In his examination of Huber's Stemonales, he found that the two constituent families had as close an phylogenetic relation to Dioscoreaceae as to each other, and hence enclosed them. It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. In exchange, the ants defend the plant from herbivores and sometimes competing plants. For maximum yield, the yams require a humid line of latitude environment, with an annual rainfall over 1500 mm distributed uniformly throughout the growing season. [citation needed] Plants form about 80% of the world biomass at about 450 gigatonnes (4. The tuber is often cooked before consumption as this increases its alimentation and digestibility, although the American colonists in the Southeast ate raw sweet potatoes as a staple food. Certain plants contain psychedelic chemicals, which are extracted and ingested or smoked, including nicotine from tobacco, cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa, cocaine from Erythroxylon coca and opium from opium poppy. Yams must be cooked thoroughly to remove naturally occurring toxic substances. A 1997 proposed phylogenetic tree of Plantae, after Kenrick and Crane,[46] is as follows, with modification to the Pteridophyta from Smith et al. Sponsored post: Chronic inflammation is linked to an enlarged risk of various conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity (20, 21, 22). Guest-post This tree with fern-like foliage and a trunk with conifer-like wood was heterosporous producing spores of two different sizes, an early step in the evolution of seeds. Contrary to the belief that plants are always in competition, new research has found that in a harsh environment mature plants sheltering seedlings help the smaller plant survive. Some farmers use staking and mixed cropping, a practice that complicates gathering in some cases. Guest post policy Although it is grown widely in Nigeria, the area where it is grown most is the Benue State (land area of 802,295 km²) one of the states in Benue valley of Nigeria where the labor-intensive practices are still the norm and the land holdings are small. You really can’t go wrong with either. Yams (Dioscorea) are a type of tuber vegetable that originated in Asia, Africa, and the Carribean (1). This substance ranges in color from white or yellow to purple or pink in mature yams. Dioscoreales was monophyletic and three subclades were represented corresponding to the APG families. Annual plants grow and reproduce within one growing season, two-year plants grow for two growing seasons and usually reproduce in second year, and perennial plants live for many growing seasons and once mature will often create annually. 001 millimeters per hour (mm/h), while most trees grow 0. It looks similar to the white yam in outer appearance; its tuber skin is usually a bit firmer and less extensively grooved. alata have also been found from the Niah Caves of Borneo (Late Pleistocene, <40,000 BP) and the Ille Cave of Palawan (c. The New Yam Festival, known as Orureshi in Owukpa in Idoma west and Ima-Ji, Iri-Ji or Iwa Ji in Igbo land, is a celebration representational process the prominence of yam in social and cultivation life. In sprouted or cooked form, the relative biological process and antinutritional contents of each of these staples is remarkably different from that of raw form of these staples. [29][30] Genetic traces of the Zenú, a people inhabiting the Pacific coast of current Colombia, show possible transport of the sweet potato to Polynesia prior to European contact. Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants). The plants that are likely most usual to us are the cellular land plants, called embryophytes. Small-scale farmers in West and Central Africa often intercrop yams with cereals and vegetables. Blog for us The uncultivated plant is usually fed to pigs. In the highland regions of West Papua, sweet potatoes are the staple food among the natives there. The genome of a plant controls its growth. [21] The APG would later assign these to Pandanales and Liliales respectively. [46] Studies indicated that the sweet potato genome evolved over millennia, with eventual domestication of the crop taking prefer of natural genetic modifications. The plant provides a home, and sometimes food, for the ants. Guest blogger [22] Purple yams are also valued for the starch that can be processed from them. Become an author So much confusion surrounds the terms sweet potatoes and yams. The Coal measures are a major source of Paleozoic plant fossils, with many groups of plants in creation at this time. The most common cooking methods in Western and Central Africa are by boiling, frying or roasting. [23][24] On the other hand, in Central America, the domestication of the sweet potato or sweet potato would have already occurred later, at least 5000 years ago,[25] It is most likely that the local population has spread the cultigen around the year 2500 B. [1] The village chiefs and traditional title holders of lands in Nigeria who grow yam make it a religious practice by not consuming yam till it is offered to the gods. 001 millimeters per hour (mm/h), while most trees grow 0. In the mosses and hornworts a cuticle is usually only produced on the flora. The genome of a plant controls its growth. Want to write for   They have versatile flavor easily altered by cooking methods. However, when they accumulate in the body, they can cause problems for people at risk of kidney stones (18). Guest post: They are mostly propagated by stem or root cuttings or by adventitious shoots called "slips" that grow out from the tuberous roots during storage. Want to write a post The New Yam Festival, known as Orureshi in Owukpa in Idoma west and Ima-Ji, Iri-Ji or Iwa Ji in Igbo land, is a celebration representational process the prominence of yam in social and cultivation life. and yam nematode (Scutellonema bradys), and insects such as yam shoot beetle, yam tuber beetle and crickets. Some researchers, citing divergence time estimates, suggest that sweet potatoes might have been present in Polynesia thousands of years before humans arrived there. [27] Sweet potato has been radiocarbon-dated in the Cook Islands to 1210-1400 CE. The skin of a yam (left) looks kind of like tree bark, while a sweet potato (right) is more reddish-brown. Gardening is the most popular leisure activity in the U. It is often pounded into a thick paste after boiling and is consumed with soup. Submit your content However, they are a staple food in other countries, particularly those in Africa. Guest post- Under the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system of 1998,[26] which took Dahlgren's system as a basis, the order was placed in the monocot clade and comprised the five families Burmanniaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Taccaceae, Thismiaceae and Trichopodaceae. Dioscoreales was monophyletic and three subclades were represented corresponding to the APG families. Some organizations and researchers advocate for the styling of the name as one word—sweetpotato—instead of two, to emphasize the plant's genetic uniqueness from both common potatoes and yams and to avoid confusion of it being newspaper ad as a type of common potato. [31] Of these, the largest group is Dioscorea (yams) with about 450 species. Guest post courtesy of [53] The placing of algal groups is supported by phylogenies based on genomes from the Mesostigmatophyceae and Chlorokybophyceae that have since been sequenced. Yam plants can grow up to 15 m (49 ft) in length and 7. Its use as an industrial starch has also been established as the quality of some of the species is able to provide as much starch as in cereals. [34] In Indonesia, an extract of air potato is used in the preparation of arrow poison. Yams may help alleviate some symptoms of menopause.  'seed'), as the ovules and resulting seeds are not enclosed in a protective structure (carpels or fruit), but are borne naked, typically on cone scales. In Japan, a dish similar to the Korean preparation is called yaki-imo (roasted sweet potato), which typically uses either the yellow-fleshed "Japanese sweet potato" or the purple-fleshed "Okinawan sweet potato", which is known as beni-imo. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). Contributing writer Another variety of yam, jinenjo, is used in Japan as an ingredient in soba noodles. The yams recommended for such soil conditions in Nigeria are white yam or white guinea yam (Discorea rotundata) and water yam or yellow yam (Discorea alata). Submitting a guest post Mulching is essential during October–November with dry grass or plant debris weighed down with balls of mud.


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That sweet, orange-colored root vegetable that you love so dearly is actually a sweetpotato. Yams are grown in the coastal region in rain forests, wood savanna and southern savanna habitats. After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo plant develops inside the ovule. The scientific study of plants is known as botany, a branch of biology. This theory is also corroborated by genetic evidence. Taro root is a starchy root melon-like primitively genteel in Asia but now enjoyed around the world. Plants in Nartheciaceae show ordered microsporogenesis which is one of the traits indicating that the family is sister to all the other members enclosed in the order. Many legume plants have chemical element fixing bacteria in the genus Rhizobium, found in nodules of their roots, that fix nitrogen from the air for the plant to use. Because it is sweet and starchy, it is used in imo-kinton and some other time-honoured sweets, such as ofukuimo. Because of the small size of the tubers, machinelike cultivation is possible, which along with its easy preparation and good flavor, could help the lesser yam to become more popular in the future. Still, more studies are needed to determine whether eating yams has the same anti-inflammatory effects in humans. Contribute to our site Their blood levels of estrone and oestrogen increased by 26% and 27%, respectively (11). The tubers of certain wild yams, including a variant of 'Kokoro' yam and other species of Dioscorea, such as Dioscorea nipponica, are a source for the extraction of diosgenin, a steroid sapogenin. These characteristics make yam a preferred food and a culturally primal food warranty crop in some sub-Saharan African countries. In 2017, worldwide production of yams was 73. Still, more studies are needed to determine whether eating yams has the same anti-inflammatory effects in humans. Mulching is essential during October–November with dry grass or plant debris weighed down with balls of mud. Guest post: The powder can be mixed with boiling water to create a thick starchy paste, a kind of pudding known as amala, which is then eaten with local soups and sauces. They, as well as dishes featuring the sweet potato root, are commonly found at bento (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: piān-tong) restaurants. The tubers are harvested after about 6 months of growth. Want to write a post Diosgenin has also landscaped memory and erudition abilities in mice in various maze tests (10). This involves mashing the yam and mixing it with coconut milk and sugar. Although it doesn't prove cultivation, it does show that humans already had the knowledge to exploit starchy plants and that D. Because of their abundance and importance to survival, yams were highly regarded in Jamaican ceremonies and institute part of many time-honored West African ceremonies. [20] Research on propagation of this subspecies to alleviate the threat from wild harvest has been successful. These are course occurring substances that are usually harmless. Submit an article The uncultivated plant is usually fed to pigs. Accepting guest posts Sweet potato cultivars with dark orange flesh have more beta-carotene (converted to a higher vitamin A content once digested) than those with powdery flesh, and their accrued cultivation is being encouraged in Africa where vitamin A deficiency is a serious health problem. [71] Plants are capable of a DNA damage phrase that is a critical mechanism for maintaining genome stability. Sponsored post: Amongst the major roots and tubers, properly stored yam is considered to be the least perishable. [46] Studies indicated that the sweet potato genome evolved over millennia, with eventual domestication of the crop taking prefer of natural genetic modifications. Plants are often used as memorials, gifts and to mark special occasions such as births, deaths, weddings and holidays. Submit a guest post [31] Of these, the largest group is Dioscorea (yams) with about 450 species. People offer yams to gods and ancestors first, before distributing them to the villagers. Jinenjo, also called the wild yam, is a related variety of Japanese yam that is used as an ingredient in soba noodles. Guest post courtesy of alata, called "white yam",[1] winged yam, water yam, and purple yam (not to be confused with the Okinawan purple "yam", which is a sweet potato), was first cultivated in Southeast Asia. [44] Bitter yams are not normally eaten except at times of desperation in poor countries and in times of local food scarcity. [118] The plant Arabidopsis thaliana is used in laboratories as a model organism to understand how genes control the growth and development of plant structures. Based on archaeologic indication of early farming plots and plant remains in the Kuk Swamp site, authors have suggested that it was first domesticated in the highlands of New Guinea from around 10,000 BP and spread into Island Southeast Asia via the Lapita culture at around c. hispida) which requires physical process before it can be edible. The simple equation of photosynthesis is as follows:. "[6] The combination of wetland/upland yam based enterprises is assessed as the least economically efficient, with mean efficiency of 0. Submit post GI is measured on a scale of 0–100. Some are eaten right after harvesting and some are used as ingredients for other dishes, including noodles, and for time-honoured medicines. Most of the solid material in a plant is taken from the air. [16][17][18][19][20][21][22] Those which have been called "plants" are in bold (some minor groups have been omitted). The major works in the late 19th and early twentieth century employing this approach were in the German literature. This improves the living conditions for fish, which also find refuge in the wide root systems. True seeds are used for breeding only. Yams are used in Papua New Guinea, where they are called kaukau. During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. This is the broadest modern definition of the term 'plant'. Prior to 2021, archaeologists believed that the sweet potato failed to flourish in New Zealand south of Christchurch due to the colder climate, forcing Māori in those latitudes to become (along with the Moriori of the Chatham Islands) the only Polynesian people who subsisted solely on hunting and gathering. Their long shelf life allows them to be a steady food source during times of poor harvest (3). Want to contribute to our website These characteristics make yam a preferable food and a culturally important food security crop in some sub-Saharan African countries. Guest post- For example, sweet potatoes have fairly high levels of oxalates. The monotypic families Taccaceae and Trichopodaceae were included in Dioscoreaceae, while Nartheciaceae could also be grouped within Dioscoreales. When dry, the pieces turn a dark brown color. This involves mashing the yam and mixing it with coconut milk and sugar. Successful storage of yams requires:[25][26]. Yam[42] is, along with cassava and taro, a staple food, and is used up boiled, roasted in a lovo, or steamed with fish or meat in curry sauce or coconut milk and served with rice. 0 are more favorable for the plant. A spore case enclosed in a protective layer called an cover is known as an ovule. In Pakistan, sweet potato is known as shakarqandi and is cooked as parsley-like dish and also with meat dishes (chicken, mutton or beef). Harvesting the tuber then involves the additional step of freeing them from other roots. Yam is an attractive crop in poor farms with limited resources. In Malaysia and Singapore, sweet potato is often cut into small cubes and cooked with taro and coconut milk (santan) to make a sweet dessert called "bubur cha cha". Over 600 varieties of yams are known, and 95% of these are still grown in Africa. [80] Plants also carry immune receptors that realise highly variable pathogen effectors. Taro root is a starchy root melon-like primitively genteel in Asia but now enjoyed around the world. For maximum yield, the yams require a humid line of latitude environment, with an annual rainfall over 1500 mm distributed uniformly throughout the growing season. Submitting a guest post Various forms of parasitism are also fairly common among plants, from the semi-parasitic mistletoe that merely takes some nutrients from its host, but still has photosynthetic leaves, to the fully leechlike broomrape and toothwort that acquire all their nutrients through connections to the roots of other plants, and so have no pigment. The time period is big among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. [75] The DNA checkpoint kinase ATM has a key role in integrating onward motion through germination with repair responses to the DNA damages congregate by the aged seed. Yam[42] is, along with cassava and taro, a staple food, and is used up boiled, roasted in a lovo, or steamed with fish or meat in curry sauce or coconut milk and served with rice. It is available all year round, unlike other, unreliable, worker crops. Evolutionary innovation continued in the Carboniferous and later geological periods and is ongoing today. 5 to 5 kg (6 to 11 lb) each, but can weigh as much as 25 kg (55 lb). The average per capita demand of sweet potatoes in the United States is only about 1. Depending on the variety, the total length of a stem can be between 0. Yams may help alleviate some symptoms of menopause. Suggest a post The leaf blades are very variable, 5 to 13 centimeters long, the shape is heart-, kidney- to egg-shaped, rounded or triangular and spear-shaped, the edge can be entire, toothed or often three to seven times lobed, cut or divided. Submit guest article Arboretums and botanical gardens are public collections of living plants. Yam crop begins when whole seed tubers or tuber portions are planted into mounds or ridges, at the beginning of the rainy season. Submitting a guest post For the majority of plants to grow with success they also require oxygen in the ambiance and around their roots (soil gas) for respiration. Writers wanted (2002a) Table 1[5] and Table 2 in Bouman (1995). The three families of Dioscreales constitutes about 22 genera and about 849 species[33] making it one of the smaller monocot orders. Dioscorea japonica known as East Asian mountain yam, yamaimo, or Japanese mountain yam, is a type of yam (Dioscorea) native to Japan (including Ryukyu and Bonin Islands), Korea, China, Taiwan, and Assam. The Devonian period also saw the organic process of leaves and roots, and the first modern tree, Archaeopteris. Versatile; flavor easily altered by cooking methods. Contributor guidelines Some farmers use staking and mixed cropping, a practice that complicates gathering in some cases. Some varieties of these tubers can be stored up to six months without refrigeration, which makes them a blue-chip resource for the yearly period of food scarcity at the beginning of the wet season. Sprouting rapidly increases a tuber's bodily function rates, and accelerates the rate at which its food value decreases. The best fundamental quantity to store yams is between 14 and 16 °C (57 and 61 °F), with high-technology-controlled humidness and climatical conditions, after a process of curing. Become guest writer Dioscoreales was monophyletic and three subclades were represented corresponding to the APG families. [47] The Prasinophyceae are a paraphyletic system of early branching green algal lineages, but are treated as a group outside the Chlorophyta:[48] later authors have not followed this suggestion. The plant is a herbaceous perennial vine, bearing replacement heart-shaped or palmately lobed leaves and moderate-sized petalled flowers. In this state especially among Tiv people, the size of the yam farm or the tonnage of yams produced becomes the social status of that farmer. The yellow yam has a longer period of vegetation and a shorter dormancy than white yam. Within the monocots Dioscoreales are grouped in the lilioid monocots where they are in a sister group relation with the Pandanales. Another variety of yam, jinenjo, is used in Japan as an ingredient in soba noodles. It contributes more than 200 calories per person per day for more than 150 million people in West Africa, and is an important source of income. [91] Those that are less operative competitors are less likely to contribute to the next generation of offspring. Its vines seldom reach more than 3 m (10 ft) in length and the tubers are fairly small in most varieties.


Question What is the difference between sweet potatoes and yams? become a guest blogger

Yams are linked to various health benefits and may boost brain health, reduce inflammation, and improve blood sugar control. Also, the bulbils are easy to harvest and cook. Submit your content The first seed plants, pteridosperms (seed ferns), now extinct, appeared in the Devonian and diversified through the Carboniferous. [47] The Prasinophyceae are a paraphyletic system of early branching green algal lineages, but are treated as a group outside the Chlorophyta:[48] later authors have not followed this suggestion. Such specimens may be cut and polished using lapidary equipment. Eating anti-inflammatory foods, such as yams, can help manage chronic inflammation (23, 24). Guest article [1] Yams are perennial herbaceous vines tamed for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, specially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. ), which has led some scholars to suspect an instance of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact. In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte. In private outdoor gardens, lawn grasses, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, herbaceous perennials and bedding plants are used. Shōchū, a Japanese spirit normally made from the fermentation of rice, can also be made from sweet potato, in which case it is called imo-jōchū. Young sweet potato leaves are also used as baby food particularly in Southeast Asia and East Asia. In Peru and Bolivia, the general word in Quechua for the sweet potato is apichu, however there are variants used such as khumara, kumar (Ayacucho Quechua), and kumara (Bolivian Quechua),[14] strikingly similar to the Polynesian name kumara and its regional Oceanic cognates (kumala, umala, 'uala, etc. [68] The tubers are boiled or baked in coals and may be dipped in sugar or syrup. During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. Ipomoea trifida, diploid, is the closest wild relative of the sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), which originated with an initial cross between a tetraploid and another diploid parent, followed by a second complete genome duplication event. [83] In terms of sheer DNA sequence, the smallest published genome is that of the piscivorous carnivorous plant (Utricularia gibba) at 82 Mb (although it still encodes 28,500 genes)[84] while the largest, from the Norway Spruce (Picea abies), extends over 19,600 Mb (encoding about 28,300 genes). In 2017, worldwide production of yams was 73. [17] (which, it is thought, points to pre-European cross-Pacific travel). Guest post policy These are then milled to create a brown powder known in Nigeria as elubo. The simple equation of photosynthesis is as follows:. Yams can be bought in a number of forms, including whole, powder or flour and as a append. Sweet potatoes are grown on a variety of soils, but well-drained, light- and medium-textured soils with a pH range of 4. What’s in a name? When it comes to the yam, a bit of confusion. [31] But in the 2015 study of Hertwerk and colleagues, seven genera representing all three families were examined with an eight gene dataset. Skinned and cut frozen yams may also be open from specialty grocers. Storage losses for yams are very high in Africa, with insects alone causing over 25% harvest loss within five months. The skin color can range from white to yellow, red, purple or brown. Both names are used interchangeably and often illegal in supermarkets. Guest contributor guidelines Yams are used in Papua New Guinea, where they are called kaukau. Between 15 and 20 percent of sweet potato harvest is regenerate by some Indian communities into pickles and snack chips. alata) are the edible species most widely diffused in tropical and subtropical countries. This tree with fern-like foliage and a trunk with conifer-like wood was heterosporous producing spores of two different sizes, an early step in the evolution of seeds. The bitter compounds in these yams are water-soluble alkaloids which, on ingestion, produce severe and distressing symptoms. Although the sweet potato is not closely related botanically to the common potato, they have a shared chronicle. Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. Submit an article [23][24][25] Purple yam desserts have more fresh entered the United States through Philippine cuisine, under the Filipino name "ube". Imo-gohan, sweet potato cooked with rice, is popular in Guangdong, Taiwan and Japan. Some researchers, citing divergence time estimates, suggest that sweet potatoes might have been present in Polynesia thousands of years before humans arrived there. In recent years,[when?] better yielding orange-fleshed cultivars were free for flawlessness by Haramaya University as a less sugary sweet potato with higher vitamin A content. Resistant starch passes through your gut undigested. In the Fossil Grove at Victoria Park in Glasgow, Scotland, the stumps of Lepidodendron trees are found in their germinal growth positions. [28] But raw yam has the highest potassium levels amongst the 10 major staple foods of the world (see nutritional chart). Some climbing species, such as kudzu, which do not need to produce thick supportive tissue, may grow up to 12. The legal age of the crabapple-like is composed of a much softer substance known as the "meat". The tuber is often cooked before consumption as this increases its alimentation and digestibility, although the American colonists in the Southeast ate raw sweet potatoes as a staple food. Guest posts One of the marriage custom observed in some communities in Nigeria is to measure the bridegroom's wealth by the amount of yams that he can produce. A recent unconventional view, supported by genetic evidence, is that they evolved from terrestrial single-celled algae,[43] and that even the common ancestor of red and green algae, and the animate thing freshwater algae glaucophytes, originated in a terrestrial environment in fresh water biofilms or microbial mats. They are thus not included in even the broadest modern definition of the plant kingdom, although they were in the past. An exception to the cooking rule is the mountain yam (Dioscorea polystachya), known as nagaimo and can be further classified into ichōimo (lit. The growth rate of plants is extremely varying. Extensive changes in traditional cultivation practices, such as mixed cropping, may be required. Raw forms, however, are not edible and cannot be digested. Any change in the availability of these external conditions will be reflected in the plant's growth and the timing of its development. Sweet potato cultivars with white or pale yellow flesh are less sweet and moist than those with red, pink or orange flesh. Submit a guest post In Spain, sweet potato is called boniato. Write for us Sweet potato varieties are classified as either ‘firm’ or ‘soft’. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). Guest blogger 9 million hectares, 70% of the world land area of 8. It is available all year round, unlike other, unreliable, worker crops. Tuber flesh is white and watery in texture. 5-ounce (100-gram) serving of baked sweet potato with the skin on contains (4):. Guest posts Thread used to sew cloth similarly comes in large part from cotton. Submit an article Among the Akan of Ghana, boiled yam can be mashed with palm oil into eto in a similar manner to the plantain dish matoke, and is served with eggs. rotundata) and yellow Guinea yam (D. They are now commonly found in the Caribbean and Latin America as well. The tepals persist in the development of the fruit, which is a dry capsule or berry. Yams have brown tough skins and the flesh can vary in colour – anything from white to yellow to purple – depending on the variety. Steamed and dried sweet potato is a delicacy from Liancheng County. Two additional groups, the Rhodophyta (red algae) and Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae), also have primary chloroplasts that appear to be derived directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria, although they differ from Viridiplantae in the pigments which are used in photosynthesis and so are different in colour. Thread used to sew cloth similarly comes in large part from cotton. Some varieties of these tubers can be stored up to six months without refrigeration, which makes them a blue-chip resource for the yearly period of food scarcity at the beginning of the wet season. The leaves are screwed along the stems. Looking for guest posts The genus Ipomoea that contains the sweet potato also includes several garden flowers called morning glories, though that term is not usually spread-eagle to Ipomoea batatas. [15][16] However, much older remains identified as being believably D. Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. The skin color can range from white to yellow, red, purple or brown. Submit a guest post In English alone, aside from purple yam, other common names include Guyana arrowroot, ten-months yam, water yam, white yam, winged yam, violet yam, or simply yam. Some researchers, citing divergence time estimates, suggest that sweet potatoes might have been present in Polynesia thousands of years before humans arrived there. Yams in West Africa are typically harvested by hand using sticks, spades, or diggers. In Malaysia and Singapore, sweet potato is often cut into small cubes and cooked with taro and coconut milk (santan) to make a sweet dessert called "bubur cha cha". One study in 22 postmenopausal women found that a high intake of yams over 30 days improved hormone levels, reduced LDL cholesterol and redoubled antioxidant levels (17). The most common cooking methods in Western and Central Africa are by boiling, frying or roasting. He mirrored the uncertainty as to the place of this Alliance by placing it as a class of its own between Endogens (monocots) and Exogens (dicots)[10] The botanical authority is given to von Martius (1835) by APG for his sort of the family Dioscoreae or Ordo,[3] while other sources[11] cite Hooker (Dioscoreales Hook. Agriculture deals with the production of food crops, and has played a key role in the history of world civilizations. Growth is also ascertained by environmental factors, such as temperature, available water, available light, carbon dioxide and available nutrients in the soil. [15][16] However, much older remains identified as being believably D. ’ Despite the label regulations, most people still think of sweetpotatoes as yams regardless of their true identity. Submit post 001 millimeters per hour (mm/h), while most trees grow 0. Mulching is essential during October–November with dry grass or plant debris weighed down with balls of mud. Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne illness in many tropical and subtropical countries. Want to write an article However, in Colombia, there is no evidence of the use of this product, other than food. Young leaves and shoots (locally known as talbos ng kamote or camote tops) are eaten fresh in salads with shrimp paste (bagoong alamang) or fish sauce. It is peculiarly popular due to the spectacular colorful color it gives to desserts. This involves mashing the yam and mixing it with coconut milk and sugar. The time period is big among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. [1] They are native to Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Sponsored post But due to their large size and irregular shape, they can still cause…. The bitter compounds in these yams are water-soluble alkaloids which, on ingestion, produce severe and distressing symptoms. Guest contributor guidelines The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). The edible tuberous root is long and tapered, with a smooth skin whose color ranges between yellow, orange, red, brown, purple, and beige. [5] Other characteristics of the order include the presence of saponin steroids, annular vascular bundles that are found in both the stem and leaf. Want to contribute to our website Aerial tubers or bulbils are harvested by manual plucking from the vine. Purple sweet potatoes have super amped-up anthocyanins like blueberries, which are great for both color and antioxidants. The Kokoro variety is important in making dried yam chips. Pest and disease control is self-addressed by cultural control and chemical substance methods; the pests which affect the plant are nematodes such as root knot Meloidogyne spp. The tepals persist in the development of the fruit, which is a dry capsule or berry. By varying the proportions of the juices, every shade from pink to black can be obtained. Submit an article [3][4] Of the approximately 50 genera and more than 1,000 species of Convolvulaceae, I. 13 - 1990, sweet potato leaves and shoots are a good source of vitamins A, C, and B2 (riboflavin), and according to research done by A. Submit your content alata is a true species or cultivated much older than believed. [2] They can be grown in poor soils with little fertilizer. The New Yam Festival celebrates the main agricultural crop of the Igbos, Idomas, and Tivs. The monotypic families Taccaceae and Trichopodaceae were included in Dioscoreaceae, while Nartheciaceae could also be grouped within Dioscoreales.


Yam (vegetable) submit content

Compared to sweet potatoes, yams are less sweet and much more starchy and dry. Similar considerations were discussed with respect to two Asparagales families, Smilacaceae and Petermanniaceae. Yams have some distinct characteristics that help distinguish them from sweet potatoes, mainly their size and skin. esculenta), grown on the subcontinent of India, in austral Vietnam, and on South Pacific islands, is one of the tastiest yams. [1] The plant disperses by seed. Guest blogger guidelines Starchier and more potato-like, usually not very sweet. In Indonesia, the same purple yam is used for preparing desserts. Yellow yam has yellow flesh, caused by the presence of carotenoids. Want to contribute to our website [2] Because they are sown by vine cuttings rather than seeds, sweet potatoes are relatively easy to plant. [96] Human cultivation of plants is part of agriculture, which is the basis of human civilization. The tubers of certain wild yams, including a variant of 'Kokoro' yam and other species of Dioscorea, such as Dioscorea nipponica, are a source for the extraction of diosgenin, a steroid sapogenin. Epiphytes may indirectly harm their host plant by intercepting mineral nutrients and light that the host would otherwise receive. Molecular phylogenetics in Dioscoreales poses special problems due to the absence of plastid genes in mycoheterotrophs. Plant cells are typically magisterial by their large water-filled central vacuole, chloroplasts, and rigid cell walls that are made up of cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin. They mainly live in habitats where wet is addressable for significant periods, although some species, such as Targionia, are desiccation-tolerant. [72] The DNA damage response is particularly important during seed germination, since seed quality tends to deteriorate with age in tie-up with DNA damage accruement. Boiling, rather than baking, frying or roasting, is linked to a lower GI (9). However, current crop production practices and species used pose considerable hurdles to successful status of yam production, specially for small-scale rural farmers. The genome of cultivated sweet potatoes contains sequences of DNA from Agrobacterium (now reclassified as Rhizobium), with genes actively expressed by the plants. The leaf blades are very variable, 5 to 13 centimeters long, the shape is heart-, kidney- to egg-shaped, rounded or triangular and spear-shaped, the edge can be entire, toothed or often three to seven times lobed, cut or divided. The genome of a plant controls its growth. It is a sweet jelly, which resembles a marmalade because of its color and sweetness but it has a harder texture, and it has to be sliced in thin portions with a knife as if it was a pie. Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. Guest posting They are long and tapered with a smooth skin that can vary in color, ranging from yellow, orange, red, brown or purple to beige. Candied sweet potatoes are a side dish consisting mainly of sweet potatoes prepared with brown sugar, marshmallows, maple syrup, molasses, orange juice, marron glacé, or other sweet ingredients. Accepting guest posts Amongst the major roots and tubers, properly stored yam is considered to be the least perishable. The naming of plants is governed by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants and International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (see cultivated plant taxonomy). The plant does not tolerate frost. Accepting guest posts 13 - 1990, sweet potato leaves and shoots are a good source of vitamins A, C, and B2 (riboflavin), and according to research done by A. Guest post- This is still a common practice when there are large gatherings on marae. Sponsored post The Chinese yam plant is somewhat smaller than the African, with the vines about 3 m (10 ft) long. Roots and tubers such as yam are living organisms. APG III (2009)[29] did not change this, so the order now comprises three families Burmanniaceae, Dioscoreaceae and Nartheciaceae. Guest post: In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo plant develops inside the ovule. This involves mashing the yam and cooking it until very well done. Guest blogger Most species of bryophytes remain small throughout their life-cycle. While sweet potatoes can safely be eaten raw, certain types of yams are only safe to eat when cooked. They appear to have had a common origin with Viridiplantae and the three groups form the clade Archaeplastida, whose name implies that their chloroplasts were derived from a single ancient endosymbiotic event. Land is prepared in the form of mound or ridge or heap of 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) height. In Colombia yam production has been specifically located in the Caribbean region, where it has become a key product in the diet of the assemblage of this area. Purple yams are more commonly found in Japan, Indonesia, Vietnam and the Philippines and often used in desserts. An exclusion is the family Burmanniaceae which is entirely myco-heterotrophic and contains species that lack photosynthetic abilities. In exchange, the ants defend the plant from herbivores and sometimes competing plants. Harvesting the tuber then involves the additional step of freeing them from other roots. Another recommendation made is to adopt the yam minisett technology mature by the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and the National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI). The following table shows the nutrient content of yam and major staple foods in a raw harvested form. For maximum yield, the yams require a humid figurative environment, with an annual rainfall over 1500 mm distributed uniformly passim the growing season. Sweet potatoes are also used in the distillation of a variety of Soju. trifida, the cush-cush yam, is native to the Guyana region of South America and is the most probative cultivated New World yam. The term "plant" generally implies the cacoethes of the following traits: multicellularity, possession of cell walls containing cellulose, and the ability to carry out photosynthesis with primary chloroplasts. [citation needed] Growing immersed in fresh water, they consist of a central stalk with whorls of branchlets. The Dioscoreales are an order of monocotyledonous development plants in modern classification systems, such as the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Web. The time period is prominent among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. [3][4] Of the approximately 50 genera and more than 1,000 species of Convolvulaceae, I. Become guest writer The wild forms are very toxic and are sometimes used to poison animals when mixed with bait. Blood levels of estrone and oestradiol — two estrogen hormones — typically diminution during biological time. The latter of these pigments is not found in red or brown algae. Want to write a post  'seed'), as the ovules and resulting seeds are not enclosed in a protective structure (carpels or fruit), but are borne naked, typically on cone scales. Their cultivation and harvesting is attended by complex rituals and taboos. [a] This demonstrated that the Lilianae comprised three lineages corresponding to Dahlgren's orders Dioscoreales, Liliales, and Asparagaless. The many varieties of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) are members of the morning glory family, Convolvulacea. Yams are in particular used up in the coastal area of the Northeast region, although they can be found in other parts of the country. Guest post: alata is referred to by many different names in these regions. Suggest a post Summary: Sweet potatoes are a starchy root onion-like originating in Central or South America. Yams are closely related to lilies and grasses. Write for us Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. This post was written by The vast figure of cultivars are sterile, which restricts its introduction into islands purely by human agency, making them a good indicator of human movement. Guest post guidelines Copyright © 2017 by Mary-Frances Heck. [53] The placing of algal groups is supported by phylogenies based on genomes from the Mesostigmatophyceae and Chlorokybophyceae that have since been sequenced. Yam is the main staple crop of the Igbos in south eastern Nigeria where for centuries it played a dominant role in both their agricultural and cultural life. Guest post by It is rough and scaly and very low in beta carotene. [26] The genus Spirogyra is a filamentous streptophyte alga old to many, as it is often used in teaching and is one of the organisms responsible for the algal "scum" on ponds. They can otherwise be used interchangeably in most recipes. However, temperatures below 12 °C (54 °F) cause damage through chilling, causing a breakdown of internal tissues, increasing water loss and yam's susceptibleness to decay. In Fujian cuisine and Taiwanese cuisine, sweet potato is often cooked with rice to make congee. Fried sweet potatoes coated with caramelized sugar and served in skewers (camote cue) or as french fries are popular afternoon snacks. Yams have a starchier, drier texture but might be harder to find. Storing yam at low temperature reduces the respiration rates. They are mostly propagated by stem or root cuttings or by adventitious shoots called "slips" that grow out from the tuberous roots during storage. Secondary producers were Malawi, Nigeria, and Tanzania. Peeling and cooking yams thoroughly will remove any harmful substances (19). alata is referred to by many different names in these regions. For this reason, sweet potato vine is ideal for use in home aquariums, chase out of the water with its roots submerged, as its rapid growth is fueled by toxic ammonia and nitrates, a waste product of aquatic life, which it removes from the water. [28] A common guess is that a vine cutting was brought to central Polynesia by Polynesians who had cosmopolitan to South America and back, and spread from there across Polynesia to Easter Island, Hawaii and New Zealand. Root systems capable of obtaining soil water and nutrients also evolved during the Devonian. Submitting a guest post Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. Want to write an article Farmers who do not buy new seed yams usually set aside up to 30% of their harvest for accumulation the next year. White, yellow, and water yams typically produce a single large tuber per year, generally weighing 5 to 10 kg (11 to 22 lb). Yams provide several antioxidants that may have anticancer properties (15, 16). It’s important to remember that this was a small study, and more evidence is needed to confirm these health benefits. Certain cultivars of yams store better than others. It produces tubers, but the bulbils which grow at the base of its leaves are the more important food product. Thread used to sew cloth similarly comes in large part from cotton. Sweet potatoes are a great source of highly available beta-carotene, which has the ability to increase your vitamin A levels. For the majority of plants to grow with success they also require oxygen in the ambiance and around their roots (soil gas) for respiration. Submit blog post Plants that produce crooked pollen invoke allergic reactions in people who suffer from hay fever. Guest posts wanted Thismiaceae has either been treated as a separate family closely related to Burmanniaceae or as a tribe (Thismieae) within a more broadly defined Burmanniaceae, forming a separate order, Burmanniales, in the Dahlgren system. The tubers are usually a vivid violet-purple to bright lavender in color (hence the common name), but some range in color from cream to plain white. 5%), fiber (4%) and almost no fat (5). [9][10][11] In its current usage in American English, the styling of the name as two words is still preferred. Yellow yam has yellow flesh, caused by the presence of carotenoids. Real yams are solely different root vegetables that are more like yucca in texture and flavor.


Yam production in Nigeria want to write for

Yam, sweet in flavour, is consumed as boiled yam (as cooked vegetable) or fufu or fried in oil and then consumed. Blood levels of estrone and oestradiol — two estrogen hormones — typically diminution during biological time. Because of high level of yam product in the State of Benue, Benue State is crowned as the Nigerian Bread Basket. alata in particular, were introduced into the Pacific Islands and New Zealand. dumetorum, the bitter yam, is popular as a vegetable in parts of West Africa, in part because their cultivation requires less labor than other yams. However, current crop production practices and species used pose considerable hurdles to prosperous mechanization of yam production, particularly for small-scale rural farmers. Virgin Islands and in Florida where it is technically considered an invasive species. Guest post guidelines It grows best at an average temperature of 24 °C (75 °F), with abundant attribute and warm nights. It is native to Southeast Asia and is the third-most commonly cultivated species there, although it is cultivated very little in other parts of the world. In sprouted or cooked form, the relative nutritionary and antinutritional list of each of these staples is remarkably different from that of raw form of these staples. It is also served in nimono or nitsuke, boiled and typically flavored with soy sauce, mirin and dashi. The primary mechanism plants have for capturing light energy is the pigment chlorophyll. A true yam is a starchy edible root of the Dioscorea genus, and is in general imported to America from the Caribbean. It was introduced to Europe in the 19th century, when the potato crop there was falling victim to disease, and is still grown in France for the Asian food market. Agriculture includes agronomy for arable crops, agriculture for vegetables and fruit, and forestry for timber. It produces tubers, but the bulbils which grow at the base of its leaves are the more important food product. "[6] The combination of wetland/upland yam based enterprises is assessed as the least economically efficient, with mean efficiency of 0. Some yams are also invasive plants, often reasoned a "noxious weed", outside cultivated areas. Sambal-buttered purple sweet potatoes. Space is also highly important for a growing and development plant. Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. Ornamental plants have sometimes changed the course of history, as in tulipomania. Guest blogger guidelines Sweet potato cultivars with white or pale yellow flesh are less sweet and moist than those with red, pink or orange flesh. The ash roasted sweet potatoes are sold as a snack and street food in Pakistani bazaars particularly during the winter months. For the early history from Lindley (1853)[7] onwards, see Caddick et al. Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean. To prevent the color from bleeding out when cooking, Heck suggests roasting, sautéeing, or frying purple sweet potatoes. Yam cultivars are also cultivated in other humid tropical countries. Guest posting They are thought to originate in Central or South America, but North Carolina is currently the largest shaper (1). Later, a organic evolution based on genomes and transcriptomes from 1,153 plant species was projected. They can be cooked in vinegar and soy sauce and served with fried fish (a dish known as adobong talbos ng kamote), or with recipes such as sinigang. Submit blog post ’ Unless you specifically search for yams, which are usually found in an global market, you are probably eating sweet potatoes!. Jinenjo, also called the wild yam, is a related variety of Japanese yam that is used as an ingredient in soba noodles. Out of these, Dioscorea rotundata (white yam) and Dioscorea alata (water yam) are the most common, and most economically important, species in Nigeria. , and working with plants or horticulture therapy is beneficial for rehabilitating people with disabilities. Plants that produce crooked pollen invoke allergic reactions in people who suffer from hay fever. The Kokoro variety is important in making dried yam chips. Further research is needed to investigate the role that yams may have in relieving menopause symptoms. [28] But raw yam has the highest potassium levels amongst the 10 major staple foods of the world (see nutritional chart). Sequoia and its allies, magnolia, oak, and palms are often found. Publish your guest post Yamato yam; kanji: 大和芋), depending on the root shape. Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. They have also been the source of steroids for the medication industry, including the production of oral contraceptives. The increasing availability of molecular phylogenetics methods in addition to morphological characteristics in the 1990s led to major reconsiderations of the relationships within the monocotyledons. ”[50] Purple and yellow sweet potatoes were not as well liked by consumers compared to orange sweet potatoes “possibly because of the acquaintance of orange color that is associated with sweet potatoes. [23] The related Nartheciaceae were treated as tribe Narthecieae within the Melanthiaceae in a third order, the Melanthiales, by Dahlgren. Growth is also ascertained by environmental factors, such as temperature, available water, available light, carbon dioxide and available nutrients in the soil. The symptoms of chilling injury are not always obvious when the tubers are still in cold storage. [124][125] Both illegal and legal drugs derived from plants may have negative effects on the economy, affecting worker productiveness and law enforcement costs. Experts change parents ease their children back into summer mode as the COVID-19 pandemic fades with shorter playdates and more outdoor activities. Although yams and sweet potatoes are both angiosperms (flowering plants), they are not related botanically. Guest-post Some varieties can be eaten raw, while some require soaking or boiling for medical aid before eating. Yams have some distinct characteristics that help distinguish them from sweet potatoes, mainly their size and skin. This post was written by Sambal-buttered purple sweet potatoes. Numerous animals have coevolved with plants. These stresses often cause DNA damage directly, or indirectly via the stage of thermolabile oxygen species. Emukaru (earth-baked root) is eaten as a snack anytime and is mostly served with tea or with peanut sauce. Since then, it has become clear that the plant kingdom as originally defined included several unrelated groups, and the fungi and several groups of algae were removed to new kingdoms. Despite the high labor requirements and production costs, consumer demand for yam is high in certain subregions of Africa,[1] making yam cultivation quite profitable to certain farmers.   They have versatile flavor easily altered by cooking methods. Yams are associated with a number of other health benefits, including:. Contributing writer [94] In the event that an old tree dies, group action arises amongst a number of trees to replace it. While most people with severe COVID-19 were adults, experts are also encyclopaedism how seemingly mild cases of COVID-19 have turned into debilitating cases…. In Sri Lanka, it is called 'Bathala', and tubers are used mainly for breakfast (boiled sweet potato is commonly served with sambal or grated coconut) or as an supplementary curry dish for rice. The latest major group of plants to evolve were the grasses, which became important in the mid Tertiary, from around 40 million years ago. Much later, when Linnaeus (1707–1778) created the basis of the modern system of scientific classification, these two groups became the kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). It is rich in starch, and can be prepared in many ways. alata, is also eaten in India, where it is also called the violet yam. Wild forms of bitter yams (Dioscorea dumetorum) do contain some toxins, such as dihydrodioscorine, that taste bitter, hence are referred to as bitter yam. Become a contributor When stored, they continue to respire, which results in the oxidation of the starch (a polymer of glucose) contained in the cells of the tuber, which converts it into water, carbon dioxide, and heat energy. Sponsored post by Yam is grown on free draining, sandy and fertile soil, after clearing the first fallow. Improving steroid hormone levels may ease menopause symptoms (12, 13). Yam crop begins when whole seed tubers or tuber portions are planted into mounds or ridges, at the beginning of the rainy season. The name "yam" appears to derive from Portuguese inhame or Canarian (Spain) ñame, which derived from West African languages during trade. A wide variety of plants are poisonous. Order Dioscoreales contains plants that are able to form an underground organ for employment of nutritions as many other monocots. Growth is also ascertained by environmental factors, such as temperature, available water, available light, carbon dioxide and available nutrients in the soil. The cloth on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written empowerment of Condé Nast. However, they’re both nutritious, tasty and versatile additions to the diet. [97] Plant agriculture is subdivided into agronomy, husbandry and biological science. [citation needed] Growing immersed in fresh water, they consist of a central stalk with whorls of branchlets. The plant does not tolerate frost. In Pernambuco state, it is usually boiled and served cut in slices at breakfast, along with cheese spread or molasses. Guest post courtesy of A favorite way of cooking sweet potato is deep frying slices of sweet potato in batter, and served as a tea-time snack. Thousands of plant species are cultivated for aesthetic purposes as well as to provide shade, modify temperatures, reduce wind, abate noise, provide privacy, and prevent soil erosion. During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. In Sri Lanka, it is called 'Bathala', and tubers are used mainly for breakfast (boiled sweet potato is commonly served with sambal or grated coconut) or as an supplementary curry dish for rice. 9% in East and South Africa to about 15. (2002a) Table 1[5] and Table 2 in Bouman (1995). esculenta is believed to have been introduced by the Lapita culture into New Guinea. The Kokoro variety is important in making dried yam chips. Guest author Plants used in herbalism include ginkgo, echinacea, feverfew, and Saint John's wort. This chert preserved early plants in cellular detail, petrified in volcanic springs. [97] Plant agriculture is subdivided into agronomy, husbandry and biological science. Between 15 and 20 percent of sweet potato harvest is regenerate by some Indian communities into pickles and snack chips. In private outdoor gardens, lawn grasses, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, herbaceous perennials and bedding plants are used. However, like other yams, purple yam tends to have a moister texture than sweet potatoes. [40][41] Sweet potatoes were later planted in Shōgun Tokugawa Yoshimune's private garden. Amongst the major roots and tubers, properly stored yam is considered to be the least perishable. The first Europeans to taste sweet potatoes were members of Christopher Columbus's expedition in 1492. There are over 600 varieties of yams and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. White yam tuber is roughly cylindrical in shape, the skin is smooth and brown, and the flesh is usually white and firm. Yams are also a tuber vegetable. Non-Dioscorea tubers that were historically important in Africa include Plectranthus rotundifolius (the Hausa potato) and Plectranthus esculentus (the Livingstone potato); these two tuber crops have now been largely displaced by the introduction of cassava. Naturally occurring plant proteins found in yams can be toxic and cause illness if consumed raw. ) for his use of the term "Dioscorales" in 1873[12] with a single family, Dioscoreae. Their knowledge domain name is Dioscorea, and they originate in Africa and Asia. Yams (Dioscorea) are a type of tuber vegetable that originated in Asia, Africa, and the Carribean (1). Contribute to our site In sprouted or cooked form, the relative biological process and antinutritional contents of each of these staples is remarkably different from that of raw form of these staples. It can be used to make a dough that is served as a side with stews or casseroles. Their blood levels of estrone and oestrogen increased by 26% and 27%, respectively (11). Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean.


What Is The Difference Between A Sweetpotato And A Yam? become guest writer

In Korea, sweet potatoes, known as goguma, are roasted in a drum can, baked in foil or on an open fire, typically during winter. rotundata) and yellow Guinea yam (D. Submit blog post The APG system (1998) and APG II system (2003) both place it in the order Dioscoreales, in the clade monocots. In some places, other (unrelated) root vegetables are sometimes referred to as "yams", including:[1]. Some varieties rarely or never produce flowers. Amukeke (sun-dried slices of root) and inginyo (sun-dried crushed root) are a staple food for people in northeastern Uganda. They are large plants; the vines can be as long as 10 to 12 m (33 to 39 ft). Yams are more easily compared to the texture and flavor of white russet potatoes (with more fiber and complex carbs) and are best boiled and served aboard hearty braised meats. The terms “sweet potato” and “yam” are often used interchangeably, causing a lot of confusion. Submitting a guest post They are long and tapered with a smooth skin that can vary in color, ranging from yellow, orange, red, brown or purple to beige. In his examination of Huber's Stemonales, he found that the two constituent families had as close an phylogenetic relation to Dioscoreaceae as to each other, and hence enclosed them. You can buy them in a wide range of different forms, most often whole or sometimes pre-peeled, cooked and sold in cans or frozen. The GI of a food gives an idea of how slowly or quickly it impacts your blood sugar levels. HbA1c is a measure of long-term blood sugar control (27). During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. It is also used as a popular ingredient for ice cream. A monocot related to lilies and grasses, yams are vigorous herbaceous vines providing an edible tuber. Purple yam is believed to be a true cultigen, only known from its cultivated forms. The crop yield depends on how and where the sets are planted, sizes of mounds, interplant spacing, provision of stakes for the resultant plants, yam species, and tuber sizes desired at harvest. Pizza restaurants such as Pizza Hut and Domino's in Korea are using sweet potatoes as a popular topping. Based on archaeologic indication of early farming plots and plant remains in the Kuk Swamp site, authors have suggested that it was first domesticated in the highlands of New Guinea from around 10,000 BP and spread into Island Southeast Asia via the Lapita culture at around c. Sweet potato dish is a side dish of mashed sweet potatoes in a casserole dish, topped with a brown sugar and pecan topping. The most common cooking methods in Western and Central Africa are by boiling, frying or cooking. [3][4] Of the approximately 50 genera and more than 1,000 species of Convolvulaceae, I. It contributes more than 200 calories per person per day for more than 150 million people in West Africa, and is an immodest source of income. Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide), and the impregnated tissue is often preserved in fine detail. Lewis & McCourt 2004 (Stoneworts). It can also be used similarly to instant mashed potatoes. Want to write an article The circumscription of Dioscoreaceae has expanded over the years. the majority of Sweetpotatoes sold are one of four appearances;. Become a guest blogger However, more research in this area is needed to fully understand how yams may benefit brain health. The boiled yam can also be pounded with a traditional mortar and pestle to create a thick, starchy paste known as iyan (pounded yam) or fufu which is eaten with traditional sauces such as egusi and palm nut soup. This is the broadest modern definition of the term 'plant'. The embryophytes have the ability to secrete a cuticle on their outer surface, a waxy layer that confers resistive to xerotes. This post was written by The Chlorophyta (a name that has also been used for all green algae) are the sister group to the Charophytes, from which the land plants evolved. At the southern extremes, plants of the Antarctic flora have adapted doggedly to the prevailing conditions. It is rough and scaly and very low in beta carotene. Basic life research has often been done with plants. (2002a) Table 1[5] and Table 2 in Bouman (1995). rotundata) and yellow Guinea yam (D. [69] Sweet potatoes are also used in a variant of halo-halo called ginatan, where they are cooked in coconut milk and sugar and mixed with a variety of rootcrops, sago, jackfruit, and bilu-bilo (glutinous rice balls). For example, sweet potatoes have a medium-to-high GI, varying from 44–96, whereas yams have a low-to-high GI, ranging from 35–77 (8). Has more fat, carbs, fiber, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and vitamin E than sweetpotatoes do. bulbifera, the air potato, is found in both Africa and Asia, with slight differences between those found in each place. Most people think that long, red-skinned sweetpotatoes are yams, but they really are just one of many varieties of sweetpotatoes. [116] Images of plants are often used in painting and photography, as well as on textiles, money, stamps, flags and coats of arms. Yams were independently domestic on three different continents:[2]. [2] They can be grown in poor soils with little fertilizer. There is also evidence of an agricultural group action during this period brought by innovations from contact with Austronesians, including the development of wet cultivation. Submit a guest post It is one of various species of yams that were domesticated and cultivated severally within Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea for their starchy tubers, including the round yam (Dioscorea bulbifera), ubi gadong (Dioscorea hispida), lesser yam (Dioscorea esculenta), Pacific yam (Dioscorea nummularia), fiveleaf yam (Dioscorea pentaphylla), and pencil yam (Dioscorea transversa). Khachatryan, are an excellent source of lutein. The New Yam Festival celebrates the main agricultural crop of the Igbos, Idomas, and Tivs. [1] While yam production issues have been stressed on agronomical practices, a inquiry study carried out on the scheme ratio of this crop grown in this region with small farm holdings, which is labour-intensive, reveals that land, labour and material (fertilizers and chemicals), credit and extension services inputs have a significant bearing on the yield of yam in the region. Sweet potatoes are cultured throughout tropical and warm temperate regions wherever there is decent water to support their growth. What’s more, a test-tube study found that extracts from Chinese yam, specifically the peel, suppressed liver tumor growth and offered antioxidant properties (18, 19). Want to contribute to our website In Indian state of Tamil Nadu, it is known as 'Sakkara valli Kilangu'. alata has any therapeutic properties. In South Africa, sweet potatoes are often eaten as a side dish such as Soetpatats. Although available as a dietary accessory and used in folk medicine to treat menopause, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, infertility, or as an aphrodisiac, there is no clinical evidence that D. Pest and disease control is self-addressed by cultural control and chemical substance methods; the pests which affect the plant are nematodes such as root knot Meloidogyne spp. Guest-blogger In Southern Zambia, it is an important plus to the March–September diets of almost all, and income of over half of rural households. Contributing writer In Vietnamese cuisine sweet potatoes are known as khoai lang and they are unremarkably cooked with a sweetener such as corn syrup, honey, sugar, or molasses. Order Dioscoreales contains plants that are able to form an underground organ for employment of nutritions as many other monocots. They are starchier and drier than sweet potatoes and rarely found in local grocery stores. The tepals persist in the development of the fruit, which is a dry capsule or berry. esculenta were the only ones regularly cultivated and eaten, while the rest were usually considered as famine food due to their higher levels of the toxin dioscorine which requires that they be prepared right before body process. The New Yam Festival celebrates the main agricultural crop of the Igbos, Idomas, and Tivs. Submit post Plant roots play an essential role in soil development and the prevention of soil erosion. Real yams are solely different root vegetables that are more like yucca in texture and flavor. Historically, plants were treated as one of two kingdoms including all living things that were not animals, and all algae and fungi were treated as plants. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). Yam is in the class of roots and tubers that is a staple of the Nigerian and West African diet, which provides some 200 calories of energy per capital daily. Guest posts As a relatively low-protein food, yam is not a good source of of the essence amino acids. In temperate regions, sweet potatoes are most often grown on larger farms and are harvested before first frosts. Become a contributor The legal age of the crabapple-like is composed of a much softer substance known as the "meat". However, a 2021 psychoanalysis of material excavated from a site near Dunedin, some 250 kilometres (160 mi) further south, revealed that sweet potatoes were grown and stored there during the 15th century, before the industry was disrupted by factors speculated to be due to the Little Ice Age. Compared to sweet potatoes, yams are starchier and drier. The cost of yam is higher due to the exertion in farming and relatively low volume of production. Guest post opportunities Candied sweet potatoes are a side dish consisting mainly of sweet potatoes prepared with brown sugar, marshmallows, maple syrup, molasses, orange juice, marron glacé, or other sweet ingredients. Yams have some distinct characteristics that help distinguish them from sweet potatoes, mainly their size and skin. Guest posting guidelines Harvesting the tuber then involves the additional step of freeing them from other roots. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. The time period is prominent among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. Submit guest post cayennensis, the yellow yam, are native to Africa. Nigeria is by far the world’s largest producer of yams, financial statement for over 70–76 percent of the world production. Plants may also be grown or kept indoors as houseplants, or in specialized buildings such as greenhouses that are designed for the care and cultivation of living plants. Writers wanted With care, early-maturing cultivars can be grown as an annual summer crop in temperate areas, such as the Eastern United States and China. It contributes more than 200 calories per person per day for more than 150 million people in West Africa, and is an important source of income. This xerotes is now advised the fundamental cause of freezing injury. Guest posting Since then, it has become clear that the plant kingdom as originally defined included several unrelated groups, and the fungi and several groups of algae were removed to new kingdoms. esculenta were the only ones regularly cultivated and eaten, while the rest were usually considered as famine food due to their higher levels of the toxin dioscorine which requires that they be prepared right before body process. While they inhabit a throng of biomes and ecoregions, few can be found beyond the tundras at the northernmost regions of continental shelves. Submit a guest post In forested areas, tubers grow in areas where other tree roots are present. They are long and tapered with a smooth skin that can vary in color, ranging from yellow, orange, red, brown or purple to beige. The fungi help the plants gain water and mineral nutrients from the soil, while the plant gives the fungi carbohydrates manufactured in chemical process. Guest post Seed plants can survive and reproduce in extremely arid conditions, because they are not strung-out on free water for the movement of sperm, or the development of free living gametophytes. The best fundamental quantity to store yams is between 14 and 16 °C (57 and 61 °F), with high-technology-controlled humidness and climatical conditions, after a process of curing. Boiling, rather than baking, frying or roasting, is linked to a lower GI (9). Sweet potato dish is a side dish of mashed sweet potatoes in a casserole dish, topped with a brown sugar and pecan topping. Guest poster wanted alata have also been found from the Niah Caves of Borneo (Late Pleistocene, <40,000 BP) and the Ille Cave of Palawan (c. Sequoia and its allies, magnolia, oak, and palms are often found. As a relatively low-protein food, yam is not a good source of of the essence amino acids. [32][33] However, the present scholarly accord favours the pre-Columbian contact model. The starchy tuberous roots of the sweet potato are by far the most historic product of the plant, although the leaves and shoots are also edible. [1] Even in Africa, the popularity of water yam is second only to white yam. Pizza restaurants such as Pizza Hut and Domino's in Korea are using sweet potatoes as a popular topping. Yams are still important for survival in these regions. cayennensis, the yellow yam, are native to Africa. Guest posting rules [28] A common guess is that a vine cutting was brought to central Polynesia by Polynesians who had cosmopolitan to South America and back, and spread from there across Polynesia to Easter Island, Hawaii and New Zealand. Submit content They are imported and rarely found in local grocery stores.


What Is The Difference Between A Sweetpotato And A Yam? submit guest article

It produces tubers, but the bulbils which grow at the base of its leaves are the more important food product. Another method of economic consumption is to leave the raw yam pieces to dry in the sun. Another custom observed is that women are not permitted to go to the yam farms till it is ready for harvesting; however, harvesting of the crop is the prerogative of the women. They close again in the morning and begin to wither. Want to write a post trifida) and winged, or water, yam (D. Stomata are absent from liverworts, but occur on the sporangia of mosses and hornworts, allowing gas exchange. [99] About 7,000 species of plant have been used for food, though most of today's food is derived from only 30 species. [35] It persists in the wild in Haiti, as well as the United States specifically in Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, Puerto Rico, the U. Numerous animals have coevolved with plants. Although its main use is for food, several studies have shown its usefulness in the pharmaceutical industry and the manufacture of bioplastics. [75] The DNA checkpoint kinase ATM has a key role in integrating onward motion through germination with repair responses to the DNA damages congregate by the aged seed. The crop yield depends on how and where the sets are planted, sizes of mounds, interplant spacing, provision of stakes for the resultant plants, yam species, and tuber sizes desired at harvest. Sponsored post Certain types of sweet potatoes, specially purple varieties, are thought to be the highest in antioxidants — much higher than many other fruits and vegetables (13). Want to write a post Compared to sweet potatoes, yams are starchier and drier. Become an author In his examination of Huber's Stemonales, he found that the two constituent families had as close an phylogenetic relation to Dioscoreaceae as to each other, and hence enclosed them. In Sri Lanka, it is called 'Bathala', and tubers are used mainly for breakfast (boiled sweet potato is commonly served with sambal or grated coconut) or as an supplementary curry dish for rice. Ube halaya (mashed purple yam) from the Philippines. Khachatryan, are an excellent source of lutein. Storing yam at low temperature reduces the respiration rates. It can also be puréed and used in soups and desserts. In Indonesia, the same purple yam is used for preparing desserts. Another study found that rats given higher amounts of purple yam extract showed reduced appetites, greater weight loss, and better blood sugar control, compared with a control group (28). Submit an article [1] Yams are perennial herbaceous vines tamed for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, specially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide), and the impregnated tissue is often preserved in fine detail. [69] Sweet potatoes are also used in a variant of halo-halo called ginatan, where they are cooked in coconut milk and sugar and mixed with a variety of rootcrops, sago, jackfruit, and bilu-bilo (glutinous rice balls). Guest article Cooking and preparation methods can cause a food’s GI to vary. Blog for us In Peru, sweet potatoes are called "camote" and are frequently served alongside ceviche. [91] These shared resources commonly include space for growth, sunlight, water and nutrients. Guest post You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. The weight of large numbers of epiphytes may break tree limbs. [1] The village chiefs and traditional title holders of lands in Nigeria who grow yam make it a religious practice by not consuming yam till it is offered to the gods. Guest post courtesy of The cloth on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written empowerment of Condé Nast. Alternatively they may be small and scale-like with a sheathed base. The powder is sprinkled onto a pan containing a small amount of boiling water and stirred vigorously. It is boiled and used up as evening snack. In Vietnamese cuisine sweet potatoes are known as khoai lang and they are unremarkably cooked with a sweetener such as corn syrup, honey, sugar, or molasses. Yams are used up in a variety of preparations, such as flour or whole vegetable pieces across their range of distribution in Asia, Africa, North America, Central America, the Caribbean, South America, and Oceania. Guest posting guidelines Plants may also be grown or kept indoors as houseplants, or in specialized buildings such as greenhouses that are designed for the care and cultivation of living plants. [1] Even in Africa, the popularity of water yam is second only to white yam. Submit an article Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. Guest contributor guidelines [15] The new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata, but this did little to further define the circumscription of Dioscoreaceae. Due to their versatility, it’s easy to add yams to your diet. The earliest fossils attributed to green algae date from the Precambrian (ca. Its rapid growth crowds out native vegetation and it is very difficult to remove since it can grow back from the tubers, and new vines can grow from the bulbils even after being cut down or burned. The GI of a food gives an idea of how slowly or quickly it impacts your blood sugar levels. Has more fat, carbs, fiber, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and vitamin E than sweetpotatoes do. In seed plants, the microgametophyte is reduced from a multicellular free-living organism to a few cells in a pollen grain and the miniaturised megagametophyte remains inside the megasporangium, attached to and dependent on the parent plant. They are starchier and drier than sweet potatoes and rarely found in local grocery stores. In Africa, most are pounded into a paste to make the traditional dish of "pounded yam", known as Iyan. Versatile; flavor easily altered by cooking methods. Suggest a post Yam supplies 118 calories per 100 grams. Contribute to our site 9 million hectares, 70% of the world land area of 8. They gifted the strain to the nation, later in 2013 earning them the Bledisloe Cup. Articles wanted [1] Some 870 species of yams are known,[1] and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. Agriculture deals with the production of food crops, and has played a key role in the history of world civilizations. 5%), fiber (4%) and almost no fat (5). When stored, they continue to respire, which results in the oxidation of the starch (a polymer of glucose) contained in the cells of the tuber, which converts it into water, carbon dioxide, and heat energy. The injury becomes noticeable as soon as the tubers are restored to ambient temperatures. Articles wanted Despite the high labor requirements and yield costs, consumer demand for yam is high in certain subregions of Africa,[1] making yam cultivation quite paying to certain farmers. Sponsored post by To prevent the color from bleeding out when cooking, Heck suggests roasting, sautéeing, or frying purple sweet potatoes. Although yams and sweet potatoes are both angiosperms (flowering plants), they are not related botanically. Accepting guest posts Yellow yam has yellow flesh, caused by the presence of carotenoids. The skin color can range from white to yellow, red, purple or brown. The raw produce is starchy and bland, mucilaginous when grated, and may be eaten plain as a side dish, or added to noodles. The term "plant" generally implies the cacoethes of the following traits: multicellularity, possession of cell walls containing cellulose, and the ability to carry out photosynthesis with primary chloroplasts. It is one of the most serious cultivated yams. Yams are a primary agricultural and culturally important commodity in West Africa,[39] where over 95% of the world's yam crop is harvested. " Standard white potatoes' flavor would be obliterated by a heavy flavoring from Spanish paprika, black pepper, and garlic, but it works perfectly as a bacon-ish flavor in her Cobb salad recipe (pictured above) or with cumin and flavoring for tacos. However, sweet potatoes are a very distinctive-looking tuber. If you are buying yams from a specialist African or Caribbean shop, ask them how to prepare the yams you are buying. Dioscorea japonica known as East Asian mountain yam, yamaimo, or Japanese mountain yam, is a type of yam (Dioscorea) native to Japan (including Ryukyu and Bonin Islands), Korea, China, Taiwan, and Assam. Here are 11 health and nutrition benefits of yams. These are not yet wholly settled, but one accepted kinship between the three groups described above is shown below[clarification needed]. People eat atapa with smoked fish cooked in peanut sauce or with dried cowpea leaves cooked in peanut sauce. pedicellata, lusala, busala or lwidi, is native to Tropical Africa. In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam. Venus Flytrap, sensitive plant and resurrection plant are examples of plants sold as novelties. In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam. Become guest writer Manual weeding by hoeing is done three or four times depending on the rate of weed growth. However, more research in this area is needed to fully understand how yams may benefit brain health. Your best chances of finding them are in international or ethnic food stores. People have spread plants beyond their native ranges and some of these introduced plants become invasive, damaging existing ecosystems by displacing native species, and sometimes decorous serious weeds of culture. [72] The DNA damage response is particularly important during seed germination, since seed quality tends to deteriorate with age in tie-up with DNA damage accruement. The term 'yam' is often used in American to account the sweeter, orange sweet potato. However, these organisms are still often considered plants, particularly in popular contexts. This often causes tuber damage. Yam is an all important dietary element for Nigerian and West African people. Has more sugar, protein, calcium, iron, sodium, vitamin A, beta-carotene, and water than yams do. Storing yam at low temperature reduces the respiration rates. Yams are more commonly found in the West as a powder or health supplement. Green plants obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts that are derived from endosymbiosis with true bacteria. Guest posting rules It has escaped from its native growth area and into the wild in many other places, becoming naturalised in parts of southern and eastern China, Africa and Madagascar, the Western Hemisphere, and various islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans. However, certain varieties store better than others. Dioscorea alata is native to Southeast Asia, as well as surrounding areas (Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands of Japan, Assam, lowland areas of Nepal, New Guinea, Christmas Island). Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. Biotic factors also affect plant growth. Harvesting the tuber then involves the additional step of freeing them from other roots. They are the most important cultivated yams. The flowers open before sunrise and stay open for a few hours. Yams are still important for survival in these regions. In Kenya, Rhoda Nungo of the home economics territorial division of the Ministry of Agriculture has written a guide to using sweet potatoes in modern recipes. Accepting guest posts [36] The unadapted steroid has estrogenic activity. Guest post- Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. In Sri Lanka, it is called 'Bathala', and tubers are used mainly for breakfast (boiled sweet potato is commonly served with sambal or grated coconut) or as an supplementary curry dish for rice. However, the circumscription changed in the APG II system, with the 2003 system expanded to include the plants that in the 1998 system were treated in the families Taccaceae and Trichopodaceae. Want to write a post The easier to store yams are those adapted to arid climate, where they tend to stay in a dormant low-respiration stage much longer than yam breeds adapted to humid tropical lands, where they do not need dormancy. These may be polyphenols or tannin-like compounds. Seed plants can survive and reproduce in extremely arid conditions, because they are not strung-out on free water for the movement of sperm, or the development of free living gametophytes. Molecular phylogenetics in Dioscoreales poses special problems due to the absence of plastid genes in mycoheterotrophs. Yields may improve and cost of yam production be lower if mechanization were to be improved and adopted. One day before planting, the tubers have to be subjected to treatment with wood ash or a antimycotic agent (thiabendazole) to prevent damage to the soils. The ovary ripens into a membranous capsule, bursting by three valves to liberate numerous flattish or globose seeds. It also has an important social status in gatherings and religious functions, which is assessed by the size of yam holdings one possesses.


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Care must be taken to avoid damage to the tuber, because damaged tubers do not store well and spoil rapidly. It is estimated that Dioscoreales and its sister clade Pandanales split up around 121 million years ago during Early Cretaceous when the stem group was formed. 5 million hectares, representing 73. In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. Has more sugar, protein, calcium, iron, sodium, vitamin A, beta-carotene, and water than yams do. [79] Sweet potato pie is also a traditional dearie dish in Southern U. In forested areas, tubers grow in areas where other tree roots are present. The seed yams are perishable and bulky to transport. Submit guest article In some regions of India, sweet potato is roasted slow over kitchen coals at night and eaten with some dressing while the easier way in the south is simply boiling or pressure cooking before peeling, cubing and seasoning for a vegetable dish as part of the meal. Submit guest article In private outdoor gardens, lawn grasses, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, herbaceous perennials and bedding plants are used. These delicious tubers can be baked, boiled, steamed, roasted, fried, and pan-cooked. From carrots to potatoes to onions, root vegetables have long been enjoyed as a scrumptious part of a healthy diet — and for good reason. Guest post opportunities These must be sprouted, or prepared and cooked for human consumption. On the other hand, raw yams are slightly richer in potassium and manganese. , the most recent common ancestor of the Niger-Congo languages) root -ku for D. Both names are used interchangeably and often illegal in supermarkets. Māori traditionally cooked the kūmara in a hāngi earth oven. Your best chances of finding them are in international or ethnic food stores. Yams were independently domestic on three different continents:[2]. The tubers are usually a vivid violet-purple to bright lavender in color (hence the common name), but some range in color from cream to plain white. In Nigeria, in many yam-producing areas, it is said that "yam is food and food is yam". Storing yam at low somaesthesia reduces the ventilation rates. Guest-post Although further research on the deeper relationships within Dioscoreales continues,[30][31][23] the APG IV (2016) authors felt it was still untimely to propose a restructuring of the order. Heck argues that sweet potatoes should be your new vegetarian meat replacement because they "can carry spices in a way that other vegetables can't. Guest blogger guidelines Because of their abundance and importance to survival, yams were highly regarded in Jamaican ceremonies and institute part of many time-honored West African ceremonies. trifida) and winged, or water, yam (D. [68] The stew obtained from boiling camote tops is purple-colored, and is often mixed with lemon as juice. Publish your guest post Summary: Sweet potatoes are lower in calories and higher in beta-carotene and vitamin C than yams. Several projects are currently attempting to collect all plant species in online databases, e. [75] The DNA checkpoint kinase ATM has a key role in integrating onward motion through germination with repair responses to the DNA damages congregate by the aged seed. Sweet potatoes are used to make fries, pies, soups and casseroles. Yellow yam and cush-cush yam, by nature, have much shorter quiescence periods than water yam, white yam, or lesser yam. Their long shelf life allows them to be sold year-round. Aerial or potato yams have antinutritional factors. Chronic inflammation is linked to an enlarged risk of various conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity (20, 21, 22). Guest blogger By contrast the second largest genus is Burmannia with about 60 species, and most have only one or two. [99] About 7,000 species of plant have been used for food, though most of today's food is derived from only 30 species. [46] Studies indicated that the sweet potato genome evolved over millennia, with eventual domestication of the crop taking prefer of natural genetic modifications. The embryophytes have the ability to secrete a cuticle on their outer surface, a waxy layer that confers resistive to xerotes. For non-pasta applications, Heck says they go really well with bright, acidic sauces like chimichurri. In some tropical areas, they are a staple food crop. The oldest known fossils of embryophytes date from the Ordovician, though such fossils are fragmentary. Guest post courtesy of Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. Yields may improve and cost of yam production be lower if mechanization were to be improved and adopted. Bon Appétit may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. The easier to store yams are those adapted to arid climate, where they tend to stay in a dormant low-respiration stage much longer than yam breeds adapted to humid tropical lands, where they do not need relaxation. The tubers most often weigh about 2. This is the broadest modern definition of the term 'plant'. In 1947, black rot (Ceratocystis fimbriata) appeared in kumara around Auckland and accumulated in asperity through the 1950s. Daigaku-imo (ja:大学芋) is a baked and caramel syruped sweet potato dessert. Plants have many cultural and other uses, as ornaments, building materials, writing material and, in great variety, they have been the source of medicines and psychoactive drugs. In Africa, yam is pounded into a very stiff paste called fufu, eaten by hand in pinches from the serving tray, rolled into balls and dipped into a stew. Because of their abundance and importance to survival, yams were highly regarded in Jamaican ceremonies and institute part of many time-honored West African ceremonies. When stored, they continue to respire, which results in the oxidation of the starch (a polymer of glucose) contained in the cells of the tuber, which converts it into water, carbon dioxide, and heat energy. Sweet potatoes tend to have slightly fewer calories per serving than yams. Colder temperatures injure the roots. Sweet potatoes are also sold as street food in suburban and rural areas. Guest posting Approximately 630 plants are carnivorous, such as the Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) and sundew (Drosera species). Guest post guidelines [1] The most economically most-valuable are discussed below. The bitter compounds in yams also known locally as air potato include diosbulbin and possibly saponins, such as diosgenin. Guest post by This involves mashing the yam and mixing it with coconut milk and sugar.   They have versatile flavor easily altered by cooking methods. Guest author This article examines the benefits and key differences of…. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. Some are eaten right after harvesting and some are used as ingredients for other dishes, including noodles, and for time-honoured medicines. Purple yams, also known as ube, are nutritious root vegetables that may offer several health benefits. Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color. Yellow yam has yellow flesh, caused by the presence of carotenoids. Parasitic plants, on the other hand, use the resources of their host to provide the materials needed for metabolism and growth. Guest posts wanted They are starchier and drier than sweet potatoes and rarely found in local grocery stores. Sweet potatoes tend to have slightly fewer calories per serving than yams. Want to contribute to our website Some varieties can be eaten raw, while some require soaking or boiling for medical aid before eating. Later explorers found many cultivars under an motley of local names, but the name which stayed was the indigenous Taino name of batata. " Standard white potatoes' flavor would be obliterated by a heavy flavoring from Spanish paprika, black pepper, and garlic, but it works perfectly as a bacon-ish flavor in her Cobb salad recipe (pictured above) or with cumin and flavoring for tacos. The skin of a yam (left) looks kind of like tree bark, while a sweet potato (right) is more reddish-brown. Submit your content Yam is an charismatic crop in poor farms with limited resources. True seeds are used for breeding only. So why all the confusion? This article explains the key differences between sweet potatoes and yams. Yams are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. Over 600 varieties of yams are known, and 95% of these are still grown in Africa. Cultivars of the sweet potato have been bred to bear tubers with flesh and skin of many colors, but white, yellow, and orange flesh is common with a darker skin. These are then milled to create a brown powder known in Nigeria as elubo. In regard to plants, competition tends to negatively affect their growth when competing for shared resources. Writers wanted However, current crop production practices and species used pose considerable hurdles to prosperous mechanization of yam production, particularly for small-scale rural farmers. This is a guest post by Algae represent several different groups of organisms which produce food by photosynthesis and thus have traditionally been enclosed in the plant kingdom. The leaves were finely chopped and used in dishes such as mas huni. A yam festival is usually held in the beginning of August at the end of the rainy season. Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. Sweet potatoes are also rich in antioxidants, particularly carotenoids, which are thought to help protect against heart disease and decrease the risk of cancer (11, 12). Of necessity the Dioscoreales contain the family Dioscoreaceae which includes the yam (Dioscorea) that is used as an critical food source in many regions around the globe. Guest post policy They also have roots for taking up water and minerals. They are thought to originate in Central or South America, but North Carolina is currently the largest shaper (1). Like a regular potato, the stalk roots of the sweet potato plant are eaten as a vegetable. Writers wanted Enslaved Africans brought to the US called the local sweet potato “nyami,” which translates to “yam” in English. 6%), fiber (3%) and almost no fat (4). Sweet potatoes and yams are totally distinguishable vegetables. bulbifera, the air potato, is found in both Africa and Asia, with slight differences between those found in each place. Some plants are being or mycotrophic and have lost the ability to produce normal amounts of chlorophyll or to photosynthesize, but still have flowers, fruits, and seeds. Dioscorea japonica is used for food. Guest posters wanted This article explains the key differences between sweet…. Submit an article In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam. esculenta were the only ones regularly cultivated and eaten, while the rest were usually considered as famine food due to their higher levels of the toxin dioscorine which requires that they be prepared right before body process. One day before planting, the tubers have to be subjected to treatment with wood ash or a antimycotic agent (thiabendazole) to prevent damage to the soils. hispida) which requires physical process before it can be edible. Want to write a post In Asia, detoxification methods, involving water extraction, fermentation, and roasting of the grated tuber, are used for bitter cultivars of this yam. The leaves are screwed along the stems. The long, slender, annual, ascent stems bear lobed or entire leaves that are either alter or opposite. Plants that produce crooked pollen invoke allergic reactions in people who suffer from hay fever. Guest column Real yams are solely different root vegetables that are more like yucca in texture and flavor.


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[29][30] Genetic traces of the Zenú, a people inhabiting the Pacific coast of current Colombia, show possible transport of the sweet potato to Polynesia prior to European contact. Sponsored post by Gardens may train the plants in a naturalistic state, or may sculpture their growth, as with topiary or trellis. By one definition, plants form the clade Viridiplantae (Latin name for "green plants"), a group that includes the flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms, ferns and their allies, hornworts, liverworts, mosses, and the green algae, but excludes the red and brown algae. [28] But raw yam has the highest potassium levels amongst the 10 major staple foods of the world (see nutritional chart). Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. In a 100 gram reference amount, baked sweet potato provides 90 calories, and rich tabular array (20% of more of the Daily Value, DV) of vitamin A (120% DV), vitamin C (24% DV), manganese (24% DV), and vitamin B6 (20% DV). Such specimens may be cut and polished using lapidary equipment. Compared to sweet potatoes, yams are less sweet and much more starchy and dry. [citation needed] Purple yam is an essential ingredient in Undhiyu. For the majority of plants to grow with success they also require oxygen in the ambiance and around their roots (soil gas) for respiration. The tubers are eaten baked, boiled, or fried much like potatoes. The order consists of three families, 22 genera and about 850 species. This substance ranges in color from white or yellow to purple or pink in mature yams. Although it is grown widely in Nigeria, the area where it is grown most is the Benue State (land area of 802,295 km²) one of the states in Benue valley of Nigeria where the labor-intensive practices are still the norm and the land holdings are small. The tubers of certain wild yams, including a variant of 'Kokoro' yam and other species of Dioscorea, such as Dioscorea nipponica, are a source for the extraction of diosgenin, a steroid sapogenin. They are often a staple among destitute families in provinces, as they are easier to domesticate and cost less than rice. Depending on the variety, the total length of a stem can be between 0. [46] Studies indicated that the sweet potato genome evolved over millennia, with eventual domestication of the crop taking prefer of natural genetic modifications. A part of the tuber harvest is used in India as cattle fodder. The New Yam Festival, known as Orureshi in Owukpa in Idoma west and Ima-Ji, Iri-Ji or Iwa Ji in Igbo land, is a celebration representational process the prominence of yam in social and cultivation life. Yams are nutrient-dense tuber vegetables that come in many colors. This is a guest post by Nartheciaceae on the other hand is a family self-contained of herbaceous plants with a rather lily-like appearance (Aletris) while Burmanniaceae is entirely myco-heterotrophic group. You can either make your own sambal paste with chiles, garlic, ginger, lemongrass, lime zest, and salt, or just mix 1 Tsbp. The tubers of this plant, known as kattala in Dhivehi, have been used in the tralatitious diet of the Maldives. Guest contributor guidelines [36] The unmodified steroid has estrogenic activity. It’s important to remember that this was a small study, and more evidence is needed to confirm these health benefits. Their leaves and shoots are also sometimes eaten as greens. The leaves are often unsheathed at the base, have a distinctive petiole and reticulate veined lamina. It produces tubers, but the bulbils which grow at the base of its leaves are the more important food product. Yams are used-up in a variety of preparations, such as flour or whole vegetable pieces across their range of distribution in Asia, Africa, North America, Central America, the Caribbean, South America, and Oceania. [34] In Indonesia, an extract of air potato is used in the preparation of arrow poison. [31] But in the 2015 study of Hertwerk and colleagues, seven genera representing all three families were examined with an eight gene dataset. Become a contributor In Australia, about 90% of production is devoted to the orange cultivar named "Beauregard", which was earlier developed by the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station in 1981. An exclusion is the family Burmanniaceae which is entirely myco-heterotrophic and contains species that lack photosynthetic abilities. The Coal measures are a major source of Paleozoic plant fossils, with many groups of plants in creation at this time. It is not grown much commercially since the flavor of other yams is favorite by most people. Restaurant recommendations you trust. Tuber harvesting involves standing, bending, squatting, and sometimes sitting on the ground depending on the size of mound, size of tuber, or depth of tuber perception. They close again in the morning and begin to wither. The starchy tuberous roots of the sweet potato are by far the most historic product of the plant, although the leaves and shoots are also edible. Submit guest post Yellow yam has yellow flesh, caused by the presence of carotenoids. Contributor guidelines Storing yam at low somaesthesia reduces the ventilation rates. It is tolerant to frost and can be grown in much cooler conditions than other yams. The yams recommended for such soil conditions in Nigeria are white yam or white guinea yam (Discorea rotundata) and water yam or yellow yam (Discorea alata). It looks similar to the white yam in outer appearance; its tuber skin is usually a bit firmer and less extensively grooved. Paraphyletic groups are generally avoided in modern classifications, so that in recent treatments the Viridiplantae have been divided into two clades, the Chlorophyta and the Streptophyta (including the land plants and Charophyta). The three families of Dioscreales constitutes about 22 genera and about 849 species[33] making it one of the smaller monocot orders. It is the ‘soft’ varieties that are often labeled as yams in the United States. This is their way of giving thanks to the spirits above them. Submit post Also, some studies suggest that certain types of sweet potatoes can help improve blood sugar regulation and reduce “bad” LDL cholesterin in people with type 2 polygenic disease (14, 15, 16). It was introduced to Europe in the 19th century, when the potato crop there was falling victim to disease, and is still grown in France for the Asian food market. It is also grown in Korea and Japan. It can also be used similarly to instant mashed potatoes. [3] True yams have various common names across multiple world regions. esculenta is believed to have been introduced by the Lapita culture into New Guinea. [80] Plants also carry immune receptors that realise highly variable pathogen effectors. [90] Eventually, one species will out-compete the other, which will push the disadvantaged species to extinguishing. Guest blogger guidelines Yams are in particular consumed in the coastal area of the Northeast region, although they can be found in other parts of the country. Guest post Its vines seldom reach more than 3 m (10 ft) in length and the tubers are fairly small in most varieties. These may be polyphenols or tannin-like compounds. Various forms of parasitism are also fairly common among plants, from the semi-parasitic mistletoe that merely takes some nutrients from its host, but still has photosynthetic leaves, to the fully leechlike broomrape and toothwort that acquire all their nutrients through connections to the roots of other plants, and so have no pigment. GI is measured on a scale of 0–100. In Korea, sweet potatoes, known as goguma, are roasted in a drum can, baked in foil or on an open fire, typically during winter. rotundata is grown in West Africa, including countries such as Ivory Coast, Ghana and Nigeria. Guest post- Yams of African species must be cooked to be safely eaten, because various natural substances in yams can cause illness if consumed raw. Whittaker's creation reclassification was based on the fundamental difference in nutrition between the Fungi and the Plantae. Publish your guest post Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. Yams contain a unique compound called diosgenin, which has been found to promote neuron growth and enhance brain function (9). [119] NASA predicts that space Stations of the Cross or space colonies will one day rely on plants for life support. Become a contributor Depending on the type, the flesh can range from white to orange to even purple. [1] Even in Africa, the popularity of water yam is second only to white yam. They were the ancestors of modern gymnosperms, of which four extant groups are widespread today, particularly the conifers, which are dominant trees in several biomes. It can also be used similarly to instant mashed potatoes. Yams of African species must be cooked to be safely eaten, because various natural substances in yams can cause illness if consumed raw. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). Purple yams also have higher anthocyanin content than sweet potatoes. Even more, it’s realizable that you’ve never even tasted a yam!. Later, a organic evolution based on genomes and transcriptomes from 1,153 plant species was projected. Submit an article They are now commonly found in the Caribbean and Latin America as well. Guest post The name phanerogam comes from the Greek γυμνόσπερμος, a composite of γυμνός (gymnos lit. As a relatively low-protein food, yam is not a good source of of the essence amino acids. Similar considerations were discussed with respect to two Asparagales families, Smilacaceae and Petermanniaceae. According to a study by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, sweet potatoes are the most underspent staple food to grow in terms of farmland, acquiescence approximately 70,000 kcal/ha d. When stored, they continue to respire, which results in the oxidation of the starch (a polymer of glucose) contained in the cells of the tuber, which converts it into water, carbon dioxide, and heat energy. She notes there will be "subtle differences in flavor, sweetness, and moisture" between Beauregard (brown skin, more deeply sweet, grown in Louisiana), Garnet (red skin, more like pumpkin flavor), and Jewel (coppery-orange skin, mildly sweet and earthy, California-grown). [3] Purple yam is most commonly associated with traditional and modern Philippine cuisine (where it is known as ube or ubi). They may be achlorophyllous or saprophytic. Enslaved Africans brought to the US called the local sweet potato “nyami,” which translates to “yam” in English. They also include the bryophytes, of which mosses and liverworts are the most common. To make life even more complicated, there are a handful of varieties of sweet potatoes: orange, white, and purple. Their blood levels of estrone and oestrogen increased by 26% and 27%, respectively (11). People offer yams to gods and ancestors first, before distributing them to the villagers. One day before planting, the tubers have to be subjected to treatment with wood ash or a antimycotic agent (thiabendazole) to prevent damage to the soils. The tilled land production system in the Ekiti State consists of wetland (20% farms are under this category), upland (50% farms in this category) types and a collection of the two types (30% by the balance farms). esculenta, the lesser yam, was one of the first yam species cultured. Imo-gohan, sweet potato cooked with rice, is popular in Guangdong, Taiwan and Japan. [41] However, new evidence from the study of carbon isotope ratios in Precambrian rocks has advisable that complex photosynthetic plants developed on the earth over 1000 m. Furthermore, it opens the question on whether D. Summary: Both sweet potatoes and yams are boiled, roasted or fried. There are two main types of sweet potatoes:. The major staples include cereals such as rice and wheat, starchy roots and tubers such as cassava and potato, and legumes such as peas and beans. While both are underground tuber vegetables, they are actually very assorted. bulbifera, the air potato, is found in both Africa and Asia, with slight differences between those found in each place. Submit article These are not yet wholly settled, but one accepted kinship between the three groups described above is shown below[clarification needed]. Guest post opportunities They are thus not included in even the broadest modern definition of the plant kingdom, although they were in the past. Some plants, known as myco-heterotrophs, parasitize mycorrhizal fungi, and hence act as epiparasites on other plants. They tend to be fluffy and moist and are commonly found in the US. It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. [1] The village chiefs and traditional title holders of lands in Nigeria who grow yam make it a religious practice by not consuming yam till it is offered to the gods. White yam tuber is roughly cylindrical in shape, the skin is smooth and brown, and the flesh is usually white and firm. Much later, when Linnaeus (1707–1778) created the basis of the modern system of scientific classification, these two groups became the kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). Sambal-buttered purple sweet potatoes. This is still a common practice when there are large gatherings on marae. The time period is prominent among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. Globally, sweet potatoes are now a staple element of modern sushi cuisine, specifically used in maki rolls.


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Two additional groups, the Rhodophyta (red algae) and Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae), also have primary chloroplasts that appear to be derived directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria, although they differ from Viridiplantae in the pigments which are used in photosynthesis and so are different in colour. Agriculture includes agronomy for arable crops, agriculture for vegetables and fruit, and forestry for timber. Another variety of yam, jinenjo, is used in Japan as an ingredient in soba noodles. Since they originated in tropical timber conditions, their growth cycle is less related to seasonal worker changes than other yams. The APG system (1998) and APG II system (2003) both place it in the order Dioscoreales, in the clade monocots. Yam plants can grow up to 15 m (49 ft) in length and 7. They are mostly propagated by stem or root cuttings or by adventitious shoots called "slips" that grow out from the tuberous roots during storage. Sometimes life puts you at a crossroads: Do you buy yams or sweet potatoes? They often look identical, but I've found that "yams" can be as low as 79 cents per pound, while "sweet potatoes" cost $2. 13 - 1990, sweet potato leaves and shoots are a good source of vitamins A, C, and B2 (riboflavin), and according to research done by A. Imo-gohan, sweet potato cooked with rice, is popular in Guangdong, Taiwan and Japan. Among the vascular plants, perennials include both evergreens that keep their leaves the entire year, and deciduous plants that lose their leaves for some part of it. The tubers most often weigh about 2. Submit article Sometimes life puts you at a crossroads: Do you buy yams or sweet potatoes? They often look identical, but I've found that "yams" can be as low as 79 cents per pound, while "sweet potatoes" cost $2. The table below presents the relative performance of sweet potato (in column[G]) to other staple foods. Contribute to this site [71] Plants are capable of a DNA damage phrase that is a critical mechanism for maintaining genome stability. The skins vary in color from dark brown to light pink. Some yams are also invasive plants, often reasoned a "noxious weed", outside cultivated areas. Raw forms, however, are not edible and cannot be digested. When soft varieties were first grown commercially, there was a need to differentiate between the two. Guest posts Another way of looking at the relationships between the several groups that have been called "plants" is through a cladogram, which shows their biological process relationships. White yam tuber is roughly cylindrical in shape, the skin is smooth and brown, and the flesh is usually white and firm. [116] Images of plants are often used in painting and photography, as well as on textiles, money, stamps, flags and coats of arms. Dioscoreales are vines or herbaceous forest floor plants. 6%), fiber (3%) and almost no fat (4). Biotic factors also affect plant growth. These sugars are then used as building blocks and form the main composition section of the plant. Ube halaya (mashed purple yam) from the Philippines. A few reasons can explain how this mix-up happened. Optimal plant growth can be hampered by grazing animals, suboptimal soil composition, lack of mycorrhizal fungi, and attacks by insects or plant diseases, including those caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes. [63] The cultivars used are an orange-fleshed one as well as a white/cream-fleshed one. Exercise gives your mind and body a boost in so many ways — from mood and energy to bones and skin. Guest blogger guidelines However, the circumscription changed in the APG II system, with the 2003 system expanded to include the plants that in the 1998 system were treated in the families Taccaceae and Trichopodaceae. This involves an interchangeability between two generations: a haploid stage, called the gametophyte, and a diploid stage, called the sporophyte. Anthocerotophyta (Non-flowering hornworts). Yams are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the tropics. Submit blog post Cell sectionalisation is also characterized by the development of a phragmoplast for the mentation of a cell plate in the late stages of cytokinesis. Alternatively they may be small and scale-like with a sheathed base. Yams are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. In Southern Zambia, it is an important plus to the March–September diets of almost all, and income of over half of rural households. Write for us For example, sweet potatoes have a medium-to-high GI, varying from 44–96, whereas yams have a low-to-high GI, ranging from 35–77 (8). Want to write an article esculenta were the most suited for long transport in Austronesian ships and were carried through all or most of the range of the Austronesian expansion. The first plant receptors of conserved microbial signatures were identified in rice (XA21, 1995)[79] and in Arabidopsis thaliana (FLS2, 2000). [21] The APG would later assign these to Pandanales and Liliales respectively. The table below presents the relative performance of sweet potato (in column[G]) to other staple foods. Submitting a guest post Yam cultivars are also polite in other humid tropical countries. By one definition, plants form the clade Viridiplantae (Latin name for "green plants"), a group that includes the flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms, ferns and their allies, hornworts, liverworts, mosses, and the green algae, but excludes the red and brown algae. polystachya), also known as bark vine, is widely civilised in East Asia. Adding different seasonings to your yam dishes, such as cinnamon, nutmeg, oregano, or thyme, can diversify sweet and savory dishes. [91] Plants use their leaves to shade other plants from sunlight and grow quickly to maximize their own expose. The following table shows the alimentary content of yam and major staple foods in a raw harvested form. Boiling, rather than baking, frying or roasting, is linked to a lower GI (9). The boiled yam can also be pounded with a traditional mortar and pestle to create a thick, starchy paste known as iyan (pounded yam) or fufu which is eaten with traditional sauces such as egusi and palm nut soup. In forested areas, tubers grow in areas where other tree roots are present. Sweet potato mash is served as a side dish, often at Thanksgiving dinner or with barbecue. They are starchier and drier than sweet potatoes and rarely found in local grocery stores. Also, the bulbils are easy to harvest and cook. Guest post policy With 19th century developments in microbiology, Ernst Haeckel introduced the new kingdom Protista in addition to Plantae and Animalia, but whether fungi were best placed in the Plantae or should be reclassified as protists remained controversial. cayennensis, the yellow yam, are native to Africa. Embryophytes are imposing from green algae, which represent a mode of photosynthetic life similar to the kind modern plants are believed to have evolved from, by having specialized reproductive organs protected by non-reproductive tissues. Yams are nutrient-dense tuber vegetables that come in many colors. Seed plants can survive and reproduce in extremely arid conditions, because they are not strung-out on free water for the movement of sperm, or the development of free living gametophytes. Sponsored post: They are not close relatives of the Archaeplastida, presumably having noninheritable chloroplasts singly from ingested or symbiotic green and red algae. The stems are usually crawling on the ground and form accidental roots at the nodes. Many members of Dioscoreaceae produce tuberous starchy roots (yams) which form staple foods in tropical regions. Several plants cause skin irritations when touched, such as poison ivy. There are also art forms specializing in the placement of cut or living plant, such as bonsai, ikebana, and the arrangement of cut or dried flowers. The data for the evolution of the order is concentrated from molecular analyses since there are no such fossils found. People offer yams to gods and ancestors first, before distributing them to the villagers. 5-ounce (100-gram) serving of boiled or baked yam contains (5):. The earliest fossils attributed to green algae date from the Precambrian (ca. Accepting guest posts Summary: Sweet potatoes are lower in calories and higher in beta-carotene and vitamin C than yams. [91] These shared resources commonly include space for growth, sunlight, water and nutrients. [9][10][11] In its current usage in American English, the styling of the name as two words is still preferred. Guest post: If you prefer a sweeter, fluffier and moister texture, opt for sweet potatoes. alata is a true species or cultivated much older than believed. Medicinal plants are a primary source of organic compounds, both for their medicinal and physiological effects, and for the industrial chemical process of a vast array of organic chemicals. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. In his system, Dioscoreales restrained only three families, Dioscoreaceae, Stemonaceae (i. Whittaker's creation reclassification was based on the fundamental difference in nutrition between the Fungi and the Plantae. Dulce de batata is a time-honored Argentine, Paraguayan and Uruguayan dessert, which is made of sweet potatoes. Articles wanted These effects were joint with the antioxidants present in yams, suggesting that these tubers may protect against cancer (16, 17). However, the circumscription changed in the APG II system, with the 2003 system expanded to include the plants that in the 1998 system were treated in the families Taccaceae and Trichopodaceae. Aerial or potato yams have antinutritional factors. Contribute to this site and yam nematode (Scutellonema bradys), and insects such as yam shoot beetle, yam tuber beetle and crickets. Guest post guidelines The antioxidants in yams may help reduce inflammation. Yam is in the class of roots and tubers that is a staple of the Nigerian and West African diet, which provides some 200 calories of energy per capital daily. Trebouxiophyceae (Pleurastrophyceae). Modern trials have shown that these smaller varieties were capable of producing well,[84] but when American whalers, sealers and trading vessels introduced larger cultivars in the early 19th century, they quickly predominated. Since they originated in tropical timber conditions, their growth cycle is less related to seasonal worker changes than other yams. In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. Guest post courtesy of What’s more, a test-tube study found that extracts from Chinese yam, specifically the peel, suppressed liver tumor growth and offered antioxidant properties (18, 19). With a few exceptions, the green plants have the following features in common; primary chloroplasts derived from true bacteria containing chlorophylls a and b, cell walls containing cellulose, and food stores in the form of starch contained within the plastids. Yams have brown tough skins and the flesh can vary in colour – anything from white to yellow to purple – depending on the variety.   They have versatile flavor easily altered by cooking methods. John Buttencourt Avila is called the "father of the sweet potato industry" in North America. The tepals persist in the development of the fruit, which is a dry capsule or berry. This can be very central in developing countries where vitamin A deficiency is common (10). In forested areas, tubers grow in areas where other tree roots are present. Vitamin subscription employment not only deliver vitamins to your door but also help you keep track of what to take when and may even offer personalized…. Blench (2006) reconstructs the tentative Proto-Niger-Congo (i. esculenta is believed to have been introduced by the Lapita culture into New Guinea. 5m (5ft) in length and weigh over 100lbs (70kg). Publish your guest post It is a moderate source (10-19% DV) of some B vitamins and potassium. Guest post courtesy of This monocot-related article is a stub. The Chinese yam plant is somewhat smaller than the African, with the vines about 3 m (10 ft) long. In the seed, the endotegmen is tanniferous and the embryo short. These sugars are then used as building blocks and form the main composition section of the plant. In 2017, worldwide production of yams was 73. The flesh can be white, yellow, purple, or pink depending on the time of life of the yam. All living things were traditionally placed into one of two groups, plants and animals. Become a contributor Here are some common ways to enjoy yams:. 11,000 BP), along with remains of the toxic ubi gadong (D.