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Meaning of wagon in English guest post opportunities

[20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. A lift jack is fundamentally a lever that attaches to the scenery wagon platform with a hinge, with a caster mounted to the underside of the lever near the hinge. Many modern station wagons have an upward-swinging, full-width, full-height rear door supported on gas springs — often where the rear window can swing up independently. These wagons are often volumed with a tilting cargo bed which allows the user to dump their cargo more easily, making them suitable for small farms. By the 1930s, station wagons had become expensive and well-equipped vehicles. It also allowed a much more robust connecter between the hauling traces of the oxen and the rear axle of the wagon (usually iron chain or rods) that is necessary for heavy haulage. Want to write a post JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. Most are on the same wheelbase, offer the same communicating and engine options, and the same comfort and convenience options. Wagons can be useful for moving dirt, wood chips, mulch, or gravel. After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. Guest author General Motors also used forward-facing seats for the third row in the 1971–1976 clam shell wagons. South Korean manufacturers do not have a strong tradition in producing station wagons. Station wagons were initially thoughtful commercial vehicles (rather than consumer automobiles) and the framing of the early[when?] station wagons was left unsheathed, due to the commercial nature of the vehicles. Station wagons have been marketed using the French term "break de chasse"[citation needed] (sometimes abbreviated to "break"), which translates as "hunting break", due to shared derivation with the shooting-brake body style. Want to write an article Ford and Holden produced wagon models based on each generation of their large sedan platforms until 2010. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). It also allowed a much more robust connecter between the hauling traces of the oxen and the rear axle of the wagon (usually iron chain or rods) that is necessary for heavy haulage. Submit guest article During a convert to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. wagon m (plural wagons, diminutive wagonnetje n). Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. In 1962, the Volvo Duett was replaced by a larger Amazon, which has a four-door body and a flat split tailgate. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. Submit a guest post However, these vehicles had fewer trim and power train levels than their sedan counterparts. International Harvester Auto Wagon. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. [citation needed] In 1990, the 700 Series was replaced by the Volvo 900 Series, which was sold alongside the smaller Volvo 850 wagon that was introduced one year later. In France, almost all station wagon models are called a "Break", although the spelling is different from the English shooting brake. After the brainstorm of gold in the Barberton area in 1881, ox-wagons were used to bring in supplies from former Lourenço Marques. Wagons are immediately distinguished from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheel vehicles in the main for carrying people, such as carriages. The brake is released by raising its handle, thereby retracting the steel rod away from the stage. Hinged foot irons may be bolted to the sides of the wagon. The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. This is a guest post by The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. Guest post by Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a equine wagon with a water tank. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. There was a problem sending your report. When itinerant over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". Other wagons produced in Australia include the smaller Toyota Camry and Mitsubishi Magna. Contribute to our site The front wheels are usually greater in diameter than the clearance under the tray of the vehicle so that the steering axle could not turn far under the tray. Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. Most of the load-carrying area was covered in canvas financed by wooden arches; the driver sat in the open on a wooden chest (Afrikaans: wakis). Contributor guidelines The Ford Country Squire is a model that was easily recognized by its simulated wood trim[47][48] and the "Squire" trim level was an available option in a few different Ford model ranges, including the Falcon Squire, Fairlane Squire, and in the 1970s the Pinto Squire. [citation needed] Since Ford owned its own hardwood forest and mills (at the Ford Iron Mountain Plant in what is today Kingsford, Michigan in Michigan's Upper Peninsula) it began provision the wood components for the Model A station wagon. Borrowed from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. Abstaining from drinking alcohol. Guest-post The 2015 VW Golf Sportwagen[42] was marketed as a sub-compact station wagon in the North American market. Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. [56] General Motors also introduced the sportier Chevrolet Nomad and Pontiac Safari to their lineup in 1955. Ford and Holden produced wagon models based on each generation of their large sedan platforms until 2010. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. Station wagons have evolved from their early use as specialized vehicles to carry people and luggage to and from a train station, and have been marketed intercontinental. Want to write for Hinged foot irons may be bolted to the sides of the wagon. Want to write a post It describes a car with a rider compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening tailboard or liftgate. If it has a permanent top introduction it, it may be called a "van". Submit guest post Nursery wagons are available just for professional gardening. [20] However, most station wagons were produced with wooden bodies until after World War II. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired somewhat poetical connotations, so is not always used with technical correctitude. Contribute to our site This makes little difference to the turning circle of the wagon because of the oxen drawing it (see above) and it makes the front of the wagon much more stable because the track is never much less than the width of the tray. [15] Prior to this, performance models of station wagons included the 1970 Ford Falcon (XY) 'Grand Sport' pack,[16] the 1973 Chevrolet Chevelle Malibu SS-454 and the 1992 BMW M5 (E34). The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. [21][34] While the K platform was also used for station wagon models (such as the Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries), the minivan would soon eclipse them in popularity. Scenery wagons are built in a wide range of sizes, ranging from less than one square foot up to the size of the playing area of the stage. These wagons are often volumed with a tilting cargo bed which allows the user to dump their cargo more easily, making them suitable for small farms. Where manually operated, the lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Domestic wagons also remained in the Ford, Mercury, and Saturn lines. General Motors began producing two-door station wagons in 1955 with the "Chevrolet Handyman" and the "Pontiac Chieftain". When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. Early[when?] station wagons cars were after-market conversions, with the new manual labor using a wooden frame and either steel or wooden panels. This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. [20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to dealing customers, often in urban settings. These require pressurized air to operate, which produces audible hiss that is ineligible in some situations, and are typically more expensive than rolling casters, but they have the advantage of "locking" the scenery securely in place when depressurized and, like swivel casters, they permit spatial relation movement. The Type 3's rear-engine layout was retained for the station wagon models, but the engine profile was flattened, resulting in a small car offering interior room, as well as trunk space in the front. Looking for guest posts When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. In 1922, the Essex Closed Coach became the first mass-produced car to use a steel body (in this case, a fully enclosed sedan body style). In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. [3] Frequently comprising long trains of bullocks, yoked in pairs, they were used for hauling drays, wagon or jinker loads of goods and lumber prior to the construction of railways and the commencement of roads. The FD- and FE-Series Vauxhall Victors, built between 1966 and 1978, were very large cars by British standards and featured station wagon models in the style of an American station wagon with front and rear bench seats and large-capacity petrol engines. Bullock wagons were important in the colonial history of Australia. Station wagons have been marketed using the French term "break de chasse"[citation needed] (sometimes abbreviated to "break"), which translates as "hunting break", due to shared derivation with the shooting-brake body style. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. [56] General Motors also introduced the sportier Chevrolet Nomad and Pontiac Safari to their lineup in 1955. When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". Rover and Austin produced 4×4 canvas-topped utility vehicles in the 1950s that were ready in station wagon body styles that were sold as "Station Wagons". A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on ground by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. Contributing writer Ford's first factory-built wagon was the 1963 Ford Cortina. An ox-wagon or bullock wagon is a four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. Become a contributor [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. Ox-wagons were also used in the United States. Cantrell began supply woodie bodies for Chrysler vehicles, which continued until 1931. Saab began producing station wagons in 1959, in the form of the Saab 95 two-door wagon, which was based on the Saab 93 sedan. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. When a model range includes quintuple body styles, such as sedan, hatchback, and station wagon, the models typically share their platform, drivetrain and bodywork forward of the A-pillar. After struggling sales, the Chevrolet Caprice and the Buick Roadmaster, the last American life-sized wagons, were discontinued in 1996. Early[when?] station wagons cars were after-market conversions, with the new manual labor using a wooden frame and either steel or wooden panels. Guest blogger guidelines A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired somewhat poetical connotations, so is not always used with technical correctitude. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. If it has a permanent top introduction it, it may be called a "van". The configuration appeared on the Studebaker Wagonaire station wagon and 2003 GMC Envoy XUV.


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83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. The Ford Country Squire is a model that was easily recognized by its simulated wood trim[47][48] and the "Squire" trim level was an available option in a few different Ford model ranges, including the Falcon Squire, Fairlane Squire, and in the 1970s the Pinto Squire. Guest author Chrysler's 1957 models had a roof too low to permit a forward-facing seat in the cargo area,[citation needed] so a rear-facing seat was used for the third row. This site uses cookies to improve your experience. 0 m) wide to celebrate the 80th anniversary of Radio Flyer. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. Guest posts wanted The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. Of the two body styles, a station wagon roof (viewed in profile) more likely extends to the very rearmost of the vehicle, enclosing a full-height cargo volume[7] — a hatchback roof (especially a liftback roof) is likely rake down steeply behind the C-Pillar, prioritizing style[1] over Interior volume or cargo capacity, sometimes having a shorter rear overhang and including smaller side windows (or no windows). The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. [15] Prior to this, performance models of station wagons included the 1970 Ford Falcon (XY) 'Grand Sport' pack,[16] the 1973 Chevrolet Chevelle Malibu SS-454 and the 1992 BMW M5 (E34). Submit guest post In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. Manufacturers often chose a particularised model name to apply to all their station wagons cars as a marketing exercise — for example Austin used the Countryman name and Morris used the name Travellers. Volvo continued production of station wagons through the Volvo 145 (introduced in 1967), then the Volvo 200 Series (introduced in 1974), and the Volvo 700 Series (introduced in 1985). Submit an article Hinged foot irons may be bolted to the sides of the wagon. Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. Rover and Austin produced 4×4 canvas-topped utility vehicles in the 1950s that were ready in station wagon body styles that were sold as "Station Wagons". International Harvester Auto Wagon. Other differences are more variable and can possibly include:. Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. Sign up for exclusive offers and latest news. However, these vehicles had fewer trim and power train levels than their sedan counterparts. The first station wagon by the South Korean maker was being released way back in 1995 as the Hyundai Avante Touring (Lantra Sportswagon), followed in early 1996 as the Kia Pride station wagon. In 1962, the Volvo Duett was replaced by a larger Amazon, which has a four-door body and a flat split tailgate. Submit blog post However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. Most of the load-carrying area was covered in canvas financed by wooden arches; the driver sat in the open on a wooden chest (Afrikaans: wakis). In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. Guest posts [38] In 2012, the Volvo V50 compact station wagon was reclusive from the U. Guest author 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. Write for us Later, station wagons were produced by vehicle manufacturers and include the 1937 Commer (based on the Hillman Minx Magnificent),[60] 1952 Morris Minor Traveller, 1952 Morris Oxford Traveller, 1954 Hillman Husky, 1954 Austin A30 Countryman and 1955 Ford Squire. A lift jack is fundamentally a lever that attaches to the scenery wagon platform with a hinge, with a caster mounted to the underside of the lever near the hinge. Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. He produced many of them in his workshop in Chicago and they became a nationalist hit after the 1933 Chicago World Fair. The successors to the ID, the Citroën CX and Citroën XM continued to be amongst the largest station wagon cars produced in Europe, but the model was discontinued in 2000 and a station wagon version was not addressable for its Citroën C6 successor. European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. Submit an article wagon m (plural wagons, diminutive wagonnetje n). to walk somewhere quickly with long steps. Contributing writer In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel together for support, navigation and aegis. This post was written by International Harvester Auto-Buggy. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). Which of the following is correct?. In South Africa, the ox-wagon was adopted as an Afrikaner cultural icon. Submit a guest post The first station wagon produced in Sweden was the Volvo Duett, introduced in 1953. Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. Guest posts wanted After the brainstorm of gold in the Barberton area in 1881, ox-wagons were used to bring in supplies from former Lourenço Marques. Swivel casters are commonly used on smaller wagons because of the flexible, omnidirectional mobility they offer. Suggest a post As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. Guest blogger guidelines Some were not updated for consecutive generations in a model's life in Japan. Writers wanted In Germany, the term "Kombi" is used, short for Kombinationskraftwagen ("combination motor vehicle"). The FD- and FE-Series Vauxhall Victors, built between 1966 and 1978, were very large cars by British standards and featured station wagon models in the style of an American station wagon with front and rear bench seats and large-capacity petrol engines. [38] In 2012, the Volvo V50 compact station wagon was reclusive from the U. Which of the following is correct?. Guest posting Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. The first station wagon produced in Sweden was the Volvo Duett, introduced in 1953. [citation needed] Since Ford owned its own hardwood forest and mills (at the Ford Iron Mountain Plant in what is today Kingsford, Michigan in Michigan's Upper Peninsula) it began provision the wood components for the Model A station wagon. The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired somewhat poetical connotations, so is not always used with technical correctitude. A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. It had a seating capacity of eight people, consisting of two front-facing bench seats and two folding inward-facing seats in the cargo area. The back axle usually contains 4 bolts, and the front varies among the different steering designs. As a common, eminent element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. Guest post guidelines Cargo barriers may be used to prevent unsecured cargo from causing injuries in the event of sudden deceleration, collision, or a rollover. It had a seating capacity of eight people, consisting of two front-facing bench seats and two folding inward-facing seats in the cargo area. The late 1950s through the mid-1960s was also the period of greatest variation in body styles, with models available without a B-pillar (called hardtop or pillarless models) or with a B-pillar, both in 2-door and 4-door variants. Submitting a guest post 2Irish derogative An acerb or disliked woman. The body style transforms a cubage unit three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. [33] GM eliminated the pillarless wagon from its lineup in 1959, while AMC and Ford exited the field beginning with their 1960 and 1961 vehicles, leaving Chrysler and Dodge with the body style through the 1964 model year. There was a problem sending your report. Guest post In the United States, Ford's full-size station wagons for 1966 introduced a system marketed as "Magic Doorgate" — a conventional tailgate with retracting rear glass, where the tailgate could either fold down or pivot open on a side hinge — with the rear window backward in either case. GM added a notch in the rear bumper that acted as a step plate; to fill the gap, a small portion of the bumper was attached to the door-gate. Which of the masses is correct?. In 1956 Ford responded to the Nomad and Safari with its own sporty two-door wagon, The Ford Parklane. Guest poster wanted Even larger freight wagons existed. The trend since the 1980s for smaller station wagon bodies has limited the seating to two rows, resulting in a total mental ability of five people, or six people if a bench front seat is used. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. Submit a guest post In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel together for support, navigation and aegis. A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an natural enclosure. Contributor guidelines [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. Toy wagons have been around since the late 19th century, and are traditionally painted red. After the brainstorm of gold in the Barberton area in 1881, ox-wagons were used to bring in supplies from former Lourenço Marques. Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. Sense 9 (“woman of loose morals; obnoxious woman”) is credibly a derogatory and jocular reference to a woman being “ridden”, that is, mounted for the purpose of sexual intercourse. © Cambridge University Press 2021. When a pro-German Afrikaner subject organisation formed in 1939, to oppose South Africa's entry into World War II on the British side, it called itself the Ossewabrandwag (Ox-wagon Sentinel). Guest author During a convert to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Wagon, four-wheeled vehicle designed to be drawn by draft animals and known to have been used as early as the 1st century bc, incorporating such earlier innovations as the spoked wheel and metal wheel rim. The station wagon variants of the smaller Mercedes-Benz C-Class line-up were dropped in 2007 and the BMW 5 Series Touring models were discontinued in 2010, due to slow sales in the United States with only 400 wagons sold in 2009. Guest column A toy wagon has the same structure as the traditional, larger wagon, but is much smaller and has an open top. When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. Guest posts wanted Which of the following is correct?. Guest posting guidelines In 1997, Radio Flyer[1] made a huge wagon 27 feet (8. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. Early[when?] station wagons cars were after-market conversions, with the new manual labor using a wooden frame and either steel or wooden panels. As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. Most of the load-carrying area was covered in canvas financed by wooden arches; the driver sat in the open on a wooden chest (Afrikaans: wakis).


Meaning of wagon in English: submit post

[20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. However, the 1964–1972 Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser and 1964–1969 Buick Sport Wagon featured raised roof-lines beginning above the second-row seat and continued all the way to the rear tailgate, consequent in the third row of seats being forward-facing. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. In the latter case, the wagon must be immobilized after it has been positioned on the stage so that actors can safely interact with it (e. Become guest writer A lift jack is fundamentally a lever that attaches to the scenery wagon platform with a hinge, with a caster mounted to the underside of the lever near the hinge. Since the 1990s, lifesize station wagons have been largely replaced by SUVs with three-row seating, such as the Chevrolet Suburban, Ford Expedition, Mercedes-Benz GL-Class, and Dodge Durango. An ox-wagon or bullock wagon is a four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). Traction engine with living van. Companies such as Northern Tool, Lowe's, and Tractor Supply Company make wagons specifically for outdoor work. Want to write an article An ox-wagon or bullock wagon is a four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). The Cadillac CTS gave rise to a station wagon counterpart, the 2010 CTS Sportwagon, which defied the trend by offering almost as many trim levels as its sedan counterpart. The four-wheeled dray or box wagon came into use after about 1860 for loads of 6 to 8 tons and was drawn by 16 to 18 bullocks. [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. Contribute to our site The back axle usually contains 4 bolts, and the front varies among the different steering designs. Guest-post The Holden's main competitor, the Ford Falcon (XK) introduced wagon models in 1960. Submit a guest post Ford and Vauxhall produced factory-built station wagon variants of all three of their various core models (small-, mid- and large-size cars) by the 1970s. Many Australian country towns owe their origin to the bullock teams, having grown from a store or shanty where teams rested or crossed a stream. Domestic wagons also remained in the Ford, Mercury, and Saturn lines. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. Others, such as the Morris Travellers, the Austin Cambridge Countryman and the Standard Ten Companion were bespoke. Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. The emergence and quality of SUVs which closely approximate the traditional station wagon body style was a further blow. Submit article [3] For 1969, Ford incorporated a design that allowed the rear glass to remain up or down when the door pivoted open on its side hinge, selling the system, which had been engineered by Donald N. Write for us -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly technical. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. This post was written by Which of the followers is correct?. The Citroën ID also had a two-part tailgate and hydropneumatic suspension, which allowed a self-leveling ride-height and automatic brake biasing regardless of the load carried. Guest posting guidelines The steam wagon, a self-powered development of the equine wagon, was a surprisingly late innovation, entering service only in the late nineteenth century. [54] In 1956, Studebaker introduced three new two-door wagons in Pelham, Parkview, and Pinehurst trims. Which of the masses is correct?. [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. This makes little difference to the turning circle of the wagon because of the oxen drawing it (see above) and it makes the front of the wagon much more stable because the track is never much less than the width of the tray. Submit blog post For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. Guest post guidelines On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. Subsequent GM big wagons reverted to the door-gate style for its full-size wagons. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. As the wooden bodies were replaced by steel bodies from 1945 to 1953, manufacturers applied wooden decorative trim to the steel-bodied wagons, as a visual link to the previous wooden style. Station wagons produced in East Germany include the 1956–1965 Wartburg 311/312/313, the 1963–1990 Trabant 601 Universal, and the 1966–1988 Wartburg 353 Tourist. The configuration appeared on the Studebaker Wagonaire station wagon and 2003 GMC Envoy XUV. Some were not updated for consecutive generations in a model's life in Japan. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. As a result, rigid casters are preferred for larger wagons, which typically require a proportionally higher number of casters. This makes little difference to the turning circle of the wagon because of the oxen drawing it (see above) and it makes the front of the wagon much more stable because the track is never much less than the width of the tray. Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel together for support, navigation and aegis. Submit guest article Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. The basic design of toy wagons has been the same since the late 19th century. Submit post By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Eventually, car manufacturers began producing their own station wagon designs. [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. Swivel casters are commonly used on smaller wagons because of the flexible, omnidirectional mobility they offer. The framing of the wooden bodies was sheathed in steel[citation needed] and coated with tinted lacquer for tribute. Wagons can be useful for moving dirt, wood chips, mulch, or gravel. Wagons can be useful for moving dirt, wood chips, mulch, or gravel. The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. International Harvester Auto Wagon. Guest posts Toggle clamps, which are functionally similar to wagon brakes, are sometimes used in lieu of theatrical wagon brakes due to their higher load ratings and more durable construction. Lift jacks may be built into a wagon or onto a wagon's exterior, as circumstances dictate. Some were not updated for consecutive generations in a model's life in Japan. [9][10] Special forms of delivery wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. Want to write for When traveling over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Guest posting Where manually operated, the lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. [20] They were primitively called "depot hacks" because they worked around train depots as hacks (short for hackney carriage, as taxicabs were then known). This is a guest post by Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. Cargo barriers may be used to prevent unsecured cargo from causing injuries in the event of sudden deceleration, collision, or a rollover. A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). In the United States, early models with exposed wooden bodies became known as woodies. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. A scenery wagon, also known as a stage wagon, is a mobile platform that is used to support and emotional state movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage. This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. Become an author With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel together for support, navigation and aegis. Guest-post [23] When it was introduced in 1941 the Chrysler Town & Country was the most expensive car in the company's model range. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. [20][23] Then in 1983, the market for station wagons was further eroded by the Chrysler minivans, based on the K platform. For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. The third and fourth rows were configured for two people each (although these seats were quite narrow in later models), giving a total seating capacity of ten people. Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. Which of the following is correct?. Submit an article This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. Submitting a guest post The concept of express wagons and of paneled delivery vans developed in the 19th century. Usually, a small wagon contains 9, 12, or 16 bolts. These wooden-bodied cars, produced until the 1960s, were amongst the most expensive vehicles at the time. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. In early days the flexible two-wheeled dray, with a centre pole and narrow 3-inch (8 cm) iron tyres was commonly used. Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. Submit post The Type 3's rear-engine layout was retained for the station wagon models, but the engine profile was flattened, resulting in a small car offering interior room, as well as trunk space in the front. Various caster types are used on scenery wagons. Writers wanted The brake is released by raising its handle, thereby retracting the steel rod away from the stage. Subsequent GM big wagons reverted to the door-gate style for its full-size wagons. These require pressurized air to operate, which produces audible hiss that is ineligible in some situations, and are typically more expensive than rolling casters, but they have the advantage of "locking" the scenery securely in place when depressurized and, like swivel casters, they permit spatial relation movement. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. It describes a car with a rider compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening tailboard or liftgate. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of auto. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. From French wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. In 1958, the Citroën ID Break (known as the Safari in English-speaking countries) was introduced, being larger than other French station wagon models and of similar size to the contemporary full-size station wagons from the United States. Guest posts wanted Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Typically, casters are mounted so that the bottom of the platform is elevated railway approximately one-half to three-quarters of an inch above the stage. Publish your guest post In 1997, Radio Flyer[1] made a huge wagon 27 feet (8. This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. The trend since the 1980s for smaller station wagon bodies has limited the seating to two rows, resulting in a total mental ability of five people, or six people if a bench front seat is used. Submit content After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. Suggest a post Station wagons remained popular in Europe[35] and in locations where emissions and efficiency regulations did not distinguish between cars and light trucks. From French wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos.


Station wagon articles wanted

GM added a notch in the rear bumper that acted as a step plate; to fill the gap, a small portion of the bumper was attached to the door-gate. to walk somewhere quickly with long steps. Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. Guest author Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). When fully extended, the steel rod actually lifts a section of the wagon slightly off the stage floor. Abstaining from drinking alcohol. Which of the following is correct?. Despite the popularity of station wagons in America, station wagon offerings in the U. For example, Plymouth continued display of wooden bodied station wagons until 1950. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. Bring about a person's downfall or spoil their chances of success. There seems to be a problem complementary the request at present. As a common, important element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. [9][10] Special forms of delivery wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. Its replacement, the 505 was available in both five-seat and seven-seat 'Familiale' versions. The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. The Holden's main competitor, the Ford Falcon (XK) introduced wagon models in 1960. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. The back axle usually contains 4 bolts, and the front varies among the different steering designs. This is a guest post by When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. An average wagon is able to seat one child, and is generally propelled by human power through a handle at the front. Various caster types are used on scenery wagons. Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. The main problem with wagons is rust. The succeeding generation of GM's full-size station wagons returned to the upward-lifting rear window as had been used in the 1940s. The Parklane was a one-year only model, succeeded by the Ford Del Rio in 1957. International Harvester Auto Wagon. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. Writers wanted The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. Guest posting rules When itinerant over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". After struggling sales, the Chevrolet Caprice and the Buick Roadmaster, the last American life-sized wagons, were discontinued in 1996. Others, such as the Morris Travellers, the Austin Cambridge Countryman and the Standard Ten Companion were bespoke. Sponsored post by Wagons are usually painted in outdoor paint to prevent rusting, but all metal wagons will eventually get slightly beat-up and can then rust. Ox-wagons are typically drawn by teams of oxen, harnessed in pairs. South Korean manufacturer Kia produce both the Cee'd and Optima station wagons designated as Sportswagons with sister company Hyundai offering station wagon versions of the i30 and i40. Traction engine with living van. These require pressurized air to operate, which produces audible hiss that is ineligible in some situations, and are typically more expensive than rolling casters, but they have the advantage of "locking" the scenery securely in place when depressurized and, like swivel casters, they permit spatial relation movement. As a common, important element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. 1A vehicle used for transporting goods or another specific purpose. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. Submit blog post These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Guest poster wanted The emergence and quality of SUVs which closely approximate the traditional station wagon body style was a further blow. Typically, casters are mounted so that the bottom of the platform is elevated railway approximately one-half to three-quarters of an inch above the stage. Ford's first factory-built wagon was the 1963 Ford Cortina. The coach variation was a later innovation, seemly a distinct form in the 16th century. The Ford Country Squire is a model that was easily recognized by its simulated wood trim[47][48] and the "Squire" trim level was an available option in a few different Ford model ranges, including the Falcon Squire, Fairlane Squire, and in the 1970s the Pinto Squire. In 1969, Popular Mechanics said, "Station wagon-style . The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. Guest posting guidelines [67] Following a hiatus in station wagon production since the Saab 95 ended human activity in 1978, the company introduced the four-door Saab 9-5 station wagon in 1997, which was produced until 2010. Guest posters wanted Cantrell began supply woodie bodies for Chrysler vehicles, which continued until 1931. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. It describes a car with a rider compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening tailboard or liftgate. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. During a convert to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. Competitors marketed their versions as a Drop and Swing or Dual Action Tailgate. One animal or several, often in pairs or teams may pull wagons. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a paramount form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. Many Australian country towns owe their origin to the bullock teams, having grown from a store or shanty where teams rested or crossed a stream. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. As a result, rigid casters are preferred for larger wagons, which typically require a proportionally higher number of casters. The basic design of toy wagons has been the same since the late 19th century. International Harvester Auto-Buggy. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. Ancient cultures such as the Mayans and the Aztecs had toy carts. A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an machine of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". The choice of caster type for any particular wagon depends on a number of factors, including platform size and shape, scenery weight, production esthetics and budget. Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. Usually, a small wagon contains 9, 12, or 16 bolts. From English waggon, from Dutch wagen. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. Become an author From French wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. Companies such as Northern Tool, Lowe's, and Tractor Supply Company make wagons specifically for outdoor work. Manufacturers may delegate station wagons across various model lines with a proprietorship plate. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Looking for guest posts The clam shell design required no increased expanse or combat-ready area to open, allowing a user to stand at the cargo opening without the impediment of a door — for example, in a closed garage. An exception to this trend was the Subaru Legacy and Subaru Outback station wagon models, which continue to be produced at the Subaru of Indiana plant. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Eventually, car manufacturers began producing their own station wagon designs. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. [72] Production of wagons in Australia ceased totally in 2017 when the Holden Commodore (VF) ended production. The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. Looking for guest posts Subsequent GM big wagons reverted to the door-gate style for its full-size wagons. [65] The Duett two-door wagon was formed as a dual-function delivery van and people-carrier and is based on the chassis of the PV444 and PV544 sedans. Guest author After the brainstorm of gold in the Barberton area in 1881, ox-wagons were used to bring in supplies from former Lourenço Marques. Guest posting rules The split-gate features an upward-swinging window combined with a downwards swinging tailgate, both manually operated. The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly adorned with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. This was followed by the 1963 Mazda Familia, 1966 Toyota Corolla, 1967 Isuzu Florian, 1969 Mitsubishi Galant, 1973 Mitsubishi Lancer and 1974 Honda Civic wagons. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. There seems to be a problem complementary the request at present. Chrysler's 1957 models had a roof too low to permit a forward-facing seat in the cargo area,[citation needed] so a rear-facing seat was used for the third row. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Guest post: It describes a car with a rider compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening tailboard or liftgate. A scenery wagon, also known as a stage wagon, is a mobile platform that is used to support and emotional state movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage.


Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary, Synonyms, and Spanish to English Translator guest posting guidelines

Air casters are sometimes used in place of rolling casters. Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. It describes a car with a rider compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening tailboard or liftgate. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". Looking for guest posts They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. © Cambridge University Press 2021. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. The American Heritage Dictionary defines a station wagon as "an automobile with one or more rows of folding or obliterable seats behind the driver and no luggage room but an area behind the seats into which suitcases, parcels, etc. From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. Guest article Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Looking for guest posts They can also be used for moving camping gear or boxes. A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an assembly of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. The back wheels are usually substantially larger than the front ones and rigidly connected to the tray of the vehicle. Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. Guest posters wanted Later, station wagons were produced by vehicle manufacturers and include the 1937 Commer (based on the Hillman Minx Magnificent),[60] 1952 Morris Minor Traveller, 1952 Morris Oxford Traveller, 1954 Hillman Husky, 1954 Austin A30 Countryman and 1955 Ford Squire. Guest posting guidelines The last two-door wagon purchasable in America, the Volkswagen Fox,[citation needed] was interrupted in 1991. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). Submit an article The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. Models marketed as passenger station wagons in export markets were often sold as utilitarian "van" models in the home market. In warfare, large groups of supply wagons were used to support traveling armies with food and munitions, forming "baggage trains". These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Holden's main competitor, the Ford Falcon (XK) introduced wagon models in 1960. This section will discuss a broad summary of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. Some companies, such as Speedway Express, make huge 8-wheeled wagons that are made of wood, usually handsewn by the Amish. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. Early[when?] station wagons were fixed-roof vehicles, but lacked the glass that would unremarkably enclose the passenger compartment, and had only bench seats. Drinking alcohol again after a period of abstention. wagon (first-person possessive wagonku, second-person possessive wagonmu, third-person possessive wagonnya). It was a traditional form of transport, especially in Southern Africa but also in New Zealand and Australia. Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the two-door "Variant" body style of the Volkswagen Type 3 (also known as the Volkswagen 1500 - later the Volkswagen 1600). Contribute to this site Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. wagon (first-person possessive wagonku, second-person possessive wagonmu, third-person possessive wagonnya). The choice of caster type for any particular wagon depends on a number of factors, including platform size and shape, scenery weight, production esthetics and budget. To lock the wagon in place, the free ends of the foot iron hinges are folded down and then secured to the stage with stage screws. Often the wagons where employed as a mobile munition called a laager, such as was the case at the Battle of Blood River. As a common, important element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. Publish your guest post The 1994 Audi RS2, industrial in conjunction with Porsche, is considered the world's first performance station wagon. The shape of the handle also can be different, some shaped like a T, others like a D, and some with a circle handhold at the end. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. [20][23] Then in 1983, the market for station wagons was further eroded by the Chrysler minivans, based on the K platform. [34] The Mercedes-Benz E63 AMG in Estate trim is a performance station wagon offered in the U. Guest post by If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. The basic design of toy wagons has been the same since the late 19th century. Station wagons can flexibly reconfigure their inside volume via fold-down rear seats to prioritize either passenger or cargo volume. Guest-blogger Usually, a small wagon contains 9, 12, or 16 bolts. Want to contribute to our website Sense 9 (“woman of loose morals; obnoxious woman”) is credibly a derogatory and jocular reference to a woman being “ridden”, that is, mounted for the purpose of sexual intercourse. Traction engine with living van. There was a problem sending your report. Sponsored post The steam wagon, a self-powered development of the equine wagon, was a surprisingly late innovation, entering service only in the late nineteenth century. Accepting guest posts [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (High wheeler). Become a contributor However, these vehicles had fewer trim and power train levels than their sedan counterparts. Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). Wagon, four-wheeled vehicle designed to be drawn by draft animals and known to have been used as early as the 1st century bc, incorporating such earlier innovations as the spoked wheel and metal wheel rim. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. The first all-steel station wagon was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban, which was built on the chassis of a panel truck. from Ford and Vauxhall were limited to factory-approved aftermarket conversions of the Ford Consul and Vauxhall Cresta, until the factory-built Vauxhall Victor wagon was introduced in 1958. Usually, a small wagon contains 9, 12, or 16 bolts. Sign up for exclusive offers and latest news. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. In 1962, the Volvo Duett was replaced by a larger Amazon, which has a four-door body and a flat split tailgate. Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). Guest blogger guidelines [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. The split-gate features an upward-swinging window combined with a downwards swinging tailgate, both manually operated. The FD- and FE-Series Vauxhall Victors, built between 1966 and 1978, were very large cars by British standards and featured station wagon models in the style of an American station wagon with front and rear bench seats and large-capacity petrol engines. GM added a notch in the rear bumper that acted as a step plate; to fill the gap, a small portion of the bumper was attached to the door-gate. The late 1950s through the mid-1960s was also the period of greatest variation in body styles, with models available without a B-pillar (called hardtop or pillarless models) or with a B-pillar, both in 2-door and 4-door variants. The first recorded use of an ox-wagon was around 1670,[citation needed] but they move to be used in some areas up to modern times. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. Want to write for [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. The Ford and Holden wagons were usually built on a longer wheelbase than their sedan counterparts, until the introduction of the Holden Commodore (VE) which switched to sharing the sedan's shorter wheelbase. [8][9][10] Folding rear seats (in order to create a larger space for cargo) are also common on both station wagons and hatchbacks. Guest posting rules The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. These wooden-bodied cars, produced until the 1960s, were amongst the most expensive vehicles at the time. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. wagon (third-person singular simple present wagons, present verb wagoning, simple past and past participial wagoned). The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. Damage to the stage can be mitigated by using extension spindles with compliant (e. Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly decorated with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. Guest posting rules A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. The final wooden bodied station produced in the United States was the 1953 Buick Super Estate. Become a contributor The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. Submit blog post The shape of the handle also can be different, some shaped like a T, others like a D, and some with a circle handhold at the end. In 2017 station wagons accounted for 31% of all sold cars. A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. The Cadillac CTS gave rise to a station wagon counterpart, the 2010 CTS Sportwagon, which defied the trend by offering almost as many trim levels as its sedan counterpart. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. Guest post: The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. The main problem with wagons is rust. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. The clam shell design required no increased expanse or combat-ready area to open, allowing a user to stand at the cargo opening without the impediment of a door — for example, in a closed garage.


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Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. Guest-post It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. These shanties were spaced at about 12-mile (20 km) intervals, which was the usual distance for a team to travel in a day. Guest-blogger After the brainstorm of gold in the Barberton area in 1881, ox-wagons were used to bring in supplies from former Lourenço Marques. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. Drinking alcohol again after a period of abstention. The configuration appeared on the Studebaker Wagonaire station wagon and 2003 GMC Envoy XUV. [54] In 1956, Studebaker introduced three new two-door wagons in Pelham, Parkview, and Pinehurst trims. Get a quick, free translation!. Other woodie-style wagon models produced in important numbers include the 1984-1993 Jeep Grand Wagoneer,[49][50] 1957-1991 Mercury Colony Park, 1968-1988 Chrysler Town & Country, 1970-1990 Buick Estate, 1971-1992 Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser and 1969-1972 Chevrolet Kingswood Estate. The model was offered through the 1973 model year. The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. Contribute to this site Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. There was a problem sending your report. This is a guest post by The bolts are mounted to the wagon base and, when the wagon is in position, the bolts are lowered into their designated, predrilled holes. In 1997, Radio Flyer[1] made a huge wagon 27 feet (8. Despite the popularity of station wagons in America, station wagon offerings in the U. Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". Guest-post Ox-wagons were also used in the United States. Typically, casters are mounted so that the bottom of the platform is elevated railway approximately one-half to three-quarters of an inch above the stage. wagon m (plural wagons, diminutive wagonnetje n). The body style transforms a cubage unit three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. Sponsored post by Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. Guest column Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). Become a contributor [3] Frequently comprising long trains of bullocks, yoked in pairs, they were used for hauling drays, wagon or jinker loads of goods and lumber prior to the construction of railways and the commencement of roads. Wagons are immediately distinguished from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheel vehicles in the main for carrying people, such as carriages. When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. Several German manufacturers have produced station wagon versions of high-performance models, such as the Audi RS4, Audi RS6, Mercedes-AMG C63, Mercedes-AMG E63, BMW M5 (E60/E61), Volkswagen Golf R and Volkswagen Passat R36 wagons. A toy wagon has the same structure as the traditional, larger wagon, but is much smaller and has an open top. His toy wagons helped bring people back from the thoughts of the looming war to their simple pleasures. [3] Frequently comprising long trains of bullocks, yoked in pairs, they were used for hauling drays, wagon or jinker loads of goods and lumber prior to the construction of railways and the commencement of roads. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. One animal or several, often in pairs or teams may pull wagons. [54] In 1956, Studebaker introduced three new two-door wagons in Pelham, Parkview, and Pinehurst trims. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. The Citroën ID also had a two-part tailgate and hydropneumatic suspension, which allowed a self-leveling ride-height and automatic brake biasing regardless of the load carried. Wedges are typically used in pairs, on word sides of the wagon so that the wagon can't slip off the wedges. Chrysler's 1957 models had a roof too low to permit a forward-facing seat in the cargo area,[citation needed] so a rear-facing seat was used for the third row. In warfare, large groups of supply wagons were used to support traveling armies with food and munitions, forming "baggage trains". Swivel casters are commonly used on smaller wagons because of the flexible, omnidirectional mobility they offer. Others, such as the Morris Travellers, the Austin Cambridge Countryman and the Standard Ten Companion were bespoke. In Germany, the term "Kombi" is used, short for Kombinationskraftwagen ("combination motor vehicle"). When a pro-German Afrikaner subject organisation formed in 1939, to oppose South Africa's entry into World War II on the British side, it called itself the Ossewabrandwag (Ox-wagon Sentinel). Submitting a guest post It also allowed a much more robust connecter between the hauling traces of the oxen and the rear axle of the wagon (usually iron chain or rods) that is necessary for heavy haulage. The framing of the wooden bodies was sheathed in steel[citation needed] and coated with tinted lacquer for tribute. The coach variation was a later innovation, seemly a distinct form in the 16th century. Guest posters wanted International Harvester Auto-Buggy. 0 m) wide to celebrate the 80th anniversary of Radio Flyer. International Harvester Auto-Buggy. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of auto. A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on chance by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (High wheeler). The basic design of toy wagons has been the same since the late 19th century. [54] In 1956, Studebaker introduced three new two-door wagons in Pelham, Parkview, and Pinehurst trims. From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. The pronunciation was likely influenced by French wagon, which was also borrowed from English. [25] The first all-steel station wagon body was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban. They were originally made of wood. Station wagons remain popular in Japan, although they are in slow decline as the SUVs and minivans have taken over a large portion of this market. © Cambridge University Press 2021. Which of the following is correct?. Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. In the latter case, the wagon must be immobilized after it has been positioned on the stage so that actors can safely interact with it (e. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. These have a retractile rear roof section as well as a conventional rear tailgate that folded down to carry tall objects that would not fit other than. 2Irish derogative An acerb or disliked woman. Consequently, it may be difficult or impossible to move a wagon that has a large number of swivel casters when the casters are unaligned. The number of casters required for a wagon depends on caster type and load rating as well as the size, shape and weight of the wagon and scenery. Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. The Cadillac CTS gave rise to a station wagon counterpart, the 2010 CTS Sportwagon, which defied the trend by offering almost as many trim levels as its sedan counterpart. By the 1930s, station wagons had become expensive and well-equipped vehicles. Guest contributor guidelines A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an assembly of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. After struggling sales, the Chevrolet Caprice and the Buick Roadmaster, the last American life-sized wagons, were discontinued in 1996. These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. The first recorded use of an ox-wagon was around 1670,[citation needed] but they move to be used in some areas up to modern times. However, a two-wheel "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Which of the masses is correct?. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. Guest posters wanted The FD- and FE-Series Vauxhall Victors, built between 1966 and 1978, were very large cars by British standards and featured station wagon models in the style of an American station wagon with front and rear bench seats and large-capacity petrol engines. Suggest a post [8] By the end of the 19th century, delivery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as advert for the particular business through the quality of the wagon. Toggle clamps, which are functionally similar to wagon brakes, are sometimes used in lieu of theatrical wagon brakes due to their higher load ratings and more durable construction. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. 1A vehicle used for transporting goods or another specific purpose. A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. Publish your guest post Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). The choice of caster type for any particular wagon depends on a number of factors, including platform size and shape, scenery weight, production esthetics and budget. Become a guest blogger The American Heritage Dictionary defines a station wagon as "an automobile with one or more rows of folding or obliterable seats behind the driver and no luggage room but an area behind the seats into which suitcases, parcels, etc. In 1956 Ford responded to the Nomad and Safari with its own sporty two-door wagon, The Ford Parklane. Guest post opportunities They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. Guest posting rules Several German manufacturers have produced station wagon versions of high-performance models, such as the Audi RS4, Audi RS6, Mercedes-AMG C63, Mercedes-AMG E63, BMW M5 (E60/E61), Volkswagen Golf R and Volkswagen Passat R36 wagons. General Motors adopted the rear-facing third row for most models during 1959-1971 and 1977–1996. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. The emergence and quality of SUVs which closely approximate the traditional station wagon body style was a further blow. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly decorated with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. The trend since the 1980s for smaller station wagon bodies has limited the seating to two rows, resulting in a total mental ability of five people, or six people if a bench front seat is used. This was followed by the 1963 Mazda Familia, 1966 Toyota Corolla, 1967 Isuzu Florian, 1969 Mitsubishi Galant, 1973 Mitsubishi Lancer and 1974 Honda Civic wagons. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains.


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One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. For example, Plymouth continued display of wooden bodied station wagons until 1950. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. [13] The power operation of both upper glass and lower tailgate became regulation equipment in later model years. In 1997, Radio Flyer[1] made a huge wagon 27 feet (8. Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. Bullocks were preferred by many explorers and teamsters because they were cheaper, quieter, tougher and more easily maintained than horses therefore making them more popular for draught work. A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on ground by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. Guest-blogger A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to commercial message customers, often in urban settings. [23] When it was introduced in 1941 the Chrysler Town & Country was the most expensive car in the company's model range. Even larger freight wagons existed. Saab began producing station wagons in 1959, in the form of the Saab 95 two-door wagon, which was based on the Saab 93 sedan. It describes a car with a rider compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening tailboard or liftgate. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. [25] The first all-steel station wagon body was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban. from Ford and Vauxhall were limited to factory-approved aftermarket conversions of the Ford Consul and Vauxhall Cresta, until the factory-built Vauxhall Victor wagon was introduced in 1958. Wagon, four-wheeled vehicle designed to be drawn by draft animals and known to have been used as early as the 1st century bc, incorporating such earlier innovations as the spoked wheel and metal wheel rim. Submit a guest post Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of automobile. The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an natural enclosure. During a change to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. Of the two body styles, a station wagon roof (viewed in profile) more likely extends to the very rearmost of the vehicle, enclosing a full-height cargo volume[7] — a hatchback roof (especially a liftback roof) is likely rake down steeply behind the C-Pillar, prioritizing style[1] over Interior volume or cargo capacity, sometimes having a shorter rear overhang and including smaller side windows (or no windows). A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. The clam shell design required no increased expanse or combat-ready area to open, allowing a user to stand at the cargo opening without the impediment of a door — for example, in a closed garage. Guest posting rules In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of automobile. European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). Volvo continued production of station wagons through the Volvo 145 (introduced in 1967), then the Volvo 200 Series (introduced in 1974), and the Volvo 700 Series (introduced in 1985). Guest-post A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. Drinking alcohol again after a period of abstention. Submit your content From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. [citation needed] Since Ford owned its own hardwood forest and mills (at the Ford Iron Mountain Plant in what is today Kingsford, Michigan in Michigan's Upper Peninsula) it began provision the wood components for the Model A station wagon. The four-wheeled dray or box wagon came into use after about 1860 for loads of 6 to 8 tons and was drawn by 16 to 18 bullocks. follows that of the production sedan of which it is the opposite number. Ford and Vauxhall produced factory-built station wagon variants of all three of their various core models (small-, mid- and large-size cars) by the 1970s. Similar configurations became the standard on full-size and intermediate station wagons from GM, Ford, Chrysler, and AMC. Which of the following is correct?. Guest poster wanted Swivel casters are commonly used on smaller wagons because of the flexible, omnidirectional mobility they offer. Get a quick, free translation!. The 2015 VW Golf Sportwagen[42] was marketed as a sub-compact station wagon in the North American market. Become a guest blogger When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. Cognate with Danish vogn (“wagon”), German Wagen (“vehicle; wagon”), Saterland Frisian Woain (“wagon”), West Frisian wein (“wagon”), Swedish vagn (“wagon”). [citation needed] Since Ford owned its own hardwood forest and mills (at the Ford Iron Mountain Plant in what is today Kingsford, Michigan in Michigan's Upper Peninsula) it began provision the wood components for the Model A station wagon. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for distant hauling. Submit post Most are on the same wheelbase, offer the same communicating and engine options, and the same comfort and convenience options. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of auto. The Citroën ID also had a two-part tailgate and hydropneumatic suspension, which allowed a self-leveling ride-height and automatic brake biasing regardless of the load carried. To lock the wagon in place, the free ends of the foot iron hinges are folded down and then secured to the stage with stage screws. [citation needed] Since Ford owned its own hardwood forest and mills (at the Ford Iron Mountain Plant in what is today Kingsford, Michigan in Michigan's Upper Peninsula) it began provision the wood components for the Model A station wagon. Guest posters wanted [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. For example, Plymouth continued display of wooden bodied station wagons until 1950. Borrowed from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. The shape of the handle also can be different, some shaped like a T, others like a D, and some with a circle handhold at the end. However, a two-wheel "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Heavy duty casters are mounted to the underside of the platform so that the entire assembly can be quickly moved onstage or offstage, so as to facilitate rapid scenery changes during live productions. If it has a permanent top introduction it, it may be called a "van". Guest posts General Motors adopted the rear-facing third row for most models during 1959-1971 and 1977–1996. The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. Want to contribute to our website Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. Submitting a guest post A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. Guest posts The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a equine wagon with a water tank. A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to commercial message customers, often in urban settings. The third and fourth rows were configured for two people each (although these seats were quite narrow in later models), giving a total seating capacity of ten people. In France, almost all station wagon models are called a "Break", although the spelling is different from the English shooting brake. The exact name and terminology used is often reliant on the design or shape of the wagon. wagon (first-person possessive wagonku, second-person possessive wagonmu, third-person possessive wagonnya). Station wagons experienced the highest exhibition levels in the United States from the 1950s through the 1970s. Drinking alcohol again after a period of abstention. Which of the following is correct?. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. International Harvester Auto-Buggy. A lift jack is fundamentally a lever that attaches to the scenery wagon platform with a hinge, with a caster mounted to the underside of the lever near the hinge. Guest posts wanted The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a horse-drawn wagon with a water tank. The concept of express wagons and of paneled speech vans developed in the 19th century. The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. Wagons were heavier than carts in construction, with a boxlike body that was useful for hauling freight and agricultural produce and a smoother ride due to the implicit stableness of being supported on four wheels rather than two. [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. Writers wanted The concept of express wagons and of paneled speech vans developed in the 19th century. Submitting a guest post Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. Horse wagon, with metal water tank, for irrigation, 2018. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. By the 1930s, station wagons had become expensive and well-equipped vehicles. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farmstead or market. [3] Frequently comprising long trains of bullocks, yoked in pairs, they were used for hauling drays, wagon or jinker loads of goods and lumber prior to the construction of railways and the commencement of roads. Articles wanted Of the two body styles, a station wagon roof (viewed in profile) more likely extends to the very rearmost of the vehicle, enclosing a full-height cargo volume[7] — a hatchback roof (especially a liftback roof) is likely rake down steeply behind the C-Pillar, prioritizing style[1] over Interior volume or cargo capacity, sometimes having a shorter rear overhang and including smaller side windows (or no windows). A scenery wagon, also known as a stage wagon, is a mobile platform that is used to support and emotional state movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. The shape of the handle also can be different, some shaped like a T, others like a D, and some with a circle handhold at the end. Station wagons were initially thoughtful commercial vehicles (rather than consumer automobiles) and the framing of the early[when?] station wagons was left unsheathed, due to the commercial nature of the vehicles. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. Guest post [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly technical. [20] As part of the overall trend in the automotive industry, wooden bodies were superseded by all-steel bodies due to their strength, cost, and enduringness. Lift jacks may be built into a wagon or onto a wagon's exterior, as circumstances dictate. It has become common for station wagons to use a weapons platform shared with other body styles, resulting in many shared components (such as chassis, engine, transmission, bodywork forward of the A-pillar, internal features, and nonobligatory features) being used for the wagon, sedan and car variants of the model range. [32] The pillarless models could be expensive to produce, added wind noise, and created functional issues with body torque. Submit your content European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). People also use toy wagons for small, outdoor projects. The body style transforms a cubage unit three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. Publish your guest post [8][9][10] Folding rear seats (in order to create a larger space for cargo) are also common on both station wagons and hatchbacks. Ford's first factory-built wagon was the 1963 Ford Cortina. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. Contributor guidelines It had a seating capacity of eight people, consisting of two front-facing bench seats and two folding inward-facing seats in the cargo area. In 1997, Radio Flyer[1] made a huge wagon 27 feet (8. These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. In the United States, early models with exposed wooden bodies became known as woodies. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. [3] Frequently comprising long trains of bullocks, yoked in pairs, they were used for hauling drays, wagon or jinker loads of goods and lumber prior to the construction of railways and the commencement of roads. The Holden's main competitor, the Ford Falcon (XK) introduced wagon models in 1960. In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the two-door "Variant" body style of the Volkswagen Type 3 (also known as the Volkswagen 1500 - later the Volkswagen 1600).


Meaning of wagon in English sponsored post

There was a problem sending your report. Free delivery (2-3 days) on orders over £49. With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. The successors to the ID, the Citroën CX and Citroën XM continued to be amongst the largest station wagon cars produced in Europe, but the model was discontinued in 2000 and a station wagon version was not addressable for its Citroën C6 successor. People also use toy wagons for small, outdoor projects. Station wagons remain popular in Japan, although they are in slow decline as the SUVs and minivans have taken over a large portion of this market. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a dominant form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. [32] The pillarless models could be expensive to produce, added wind noise, and created functional issues with body torque. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. Accepting guest posts Other differences are more variable and can possibly include:. However, a two-wheel "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. [23] When it was introduced in 1941 the Chrysler Town & Country was the most expensive car in the company's model range. [26][page needed] In lieu of glass, side curtains of canvas could be unrolled. Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. For the best receive on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. There was a problem sending your report. The main problem with wagons is rust. Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. Cognate with Danish vogn (“wagon”), German Wagen (“vehicle; wagon”), Saterland Frisian Woain (“wagon”), West Frisian wein (“wagon”), Swedish vagn (“wagon”). However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly adorned with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. In warfare, large groups of supply wagons were used to support traveling armies with food and munitions, forming "baggage trains". [21] They also came to be known as "carryalls" and "suburbans". Despite the popularity of station wagons in America, station wagon offerings in the U. Guest posters wanted They are also usually larger and more expensive. During the American Civil War, these wagon trains would often be attended by the wagons of private merchants, known as sutlers, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. The successors to the ID, the Citroën CX and Citroën XM continued to be amongst the largest station wagon cars produced in Europe, but the model was discontinued in 2000 and a station wagon version was not addressable for its Citroën C6 successor. Wedges are typically used in pairs, on word sides of the wagon so that the wagon can't slip off the wedges. Want to contribute to our website Sign up for exclusive offers and latest news. Submit guest article Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. Guest article A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. Which of the following is correct?. Nursery wagons let dirt and water go through the bottom and are good for plants and pots in a greenhouse. The configuration appeared on the Studebaker Wagonaire station wagon and 2003 GMC Envoy XUV. Become a contributor Horse wagon, with metal water tank, for irrigation, 2018. In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. In the United States, Ford's full-size station wagons for 1966 introduced a system marketed as "Magic Doorgate" — a conventional tailgate with retracting rear glass, where the tailgate could either fold down or pivot open on a side hinge — with the rear window backward in either case. Most are on the same wheelbase, offer the same communicating and engine options, and the same comfort and convenience options. Which of the following is correct?. The Citroën ID also had a two-part tailgate and hydropneumatic suspension, which allowed a self-leveling ride-height and automatic brake biasing regardless of the load carried. The four-wheeled dray or box wagon came into use after about 1860 for loads of 6 to 8 tons and was drawn by 16 to 18 bullocks. The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. Even larger freight wagons existed. His toy wagons helped bring people back from the thoughts of the looming war to their simple pleasures. As a common, eminent element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. Want to write an article Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an agricultural or rural setting. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on ground by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. Which of the following is correct?. This was followed by the 1963 Mazda Familia, 1966 Toyota Corolla, 1967 Isuzu Florian, 1969 Mitsubishi Galant, 1973 Mitsubishi Lancer and 1974 Honda Civic wagons. During a convert to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. The successors to the ID, the Citroën CX and Citroën XM continued to be amongst the largest station wagon cars produced in Europe, but the model was discontinued in 2000 and a station wagon version was not addressable for its Citroën C6 successor. [9][10] Special forms of conveyance wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. Wedges are typically used in pairs, on word sides of the wagon so that the wagon can't slip off the wedges. The Chevrolet Vega Kammback, introduced in September 1970, was the first U. As the wooden bodies were replaced by steel bodies from 1945 to 1953, manufacturers applied wooden decorative trim to the steel-bodied wagons, as a visual link to the previous wooden style. Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. Usually, a small wagon contains 9, 12, or 16 bolts. Air casters are sometimes used in place of rolling casters. Guest post- In 1962, the Volvo Duett was replaced by a larger Amazon, which has a four-door body and a flat split tailgate. Wedges are typically used in pairs, on word sides of the wagon so that the wagon can't slip off the wedges. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired slimly poetical connotations, so is not always used with subject field correctness. The car could also 'kneel' to the ground for easy loading of heavy or large items. This section will discuss a broad summary of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. Want to write for [34] The CTS wagon, especially in high-performance CTS-V trim, received positive reviews until it was discontinued in 2014. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. During a change to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. General Motors adopted the rear-facing third row for most models during 1959-1971 and 1977–1996. European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). Guest contributor guidelines The split-gate features an upward-swinging window combined with a downwards swinging tailgate, both manually operated. Guest posters wanted Damage to the stage can be mitigated by using extension spindles with compliant (e. Submit post A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired somewhat poetical connotations, so is not always used with technical correctitude. The steam wagon, a self-powered dominion of the equine wagon, was a astonishingly late innovation, entering service only in the late ordinal century. Guest post opportunities Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. [65] The Duett two-door wagon was formed as a dual-function delivery van and people-carrier and is based on the chassis of the PV444 and PV544 sedans. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. Want to write for Air casters are sometimes used in place of rolling casters. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. Early examples also had such features as pivoted front axles and linchpins to secure the wheels. [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. The verb is derived from the noun. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. [20] They were primitively called "depot hacks" because they worked around train depots as hacks (short for hackney carriage, as taxicabs were then known). One animal or several, often in pairs or teams may pull wagons. Which of the following is correct?. Ford's first factory-built wagon was the 1963 Ford Cortina. Bullocks were preferred by many explorers and teamsters because they were cheaper, quieter, tougher and more easily maintained than horses therefore making them more popular for draught work. [20] However, most station wagons were produced with wooden bodies until after World War II. [20] As part of the overall trend in the automotive industry, wooden bodies were superseded by all-steel bodies due to their strength, cost, and enduringness. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. The first station wagons were built in around 1910, by independent manufacturers producing wooden custom bodies for the Ford Model T chassis. Bullock wagons were important in the colonial history of Australia. Want to write a post Station wagons remained popular in Europe[35] and in locations where emissions and efficiency regulations did not distinguish between cars and light trucks. Guest posts wanted Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an assembly of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. In the United States, Ford's full-size station wagons for 1966 introduced a system marketed as "Magic Doorgate" — a conventional tailgate with retracting rear glass, where the tailgate could either fold down or pivot open on a side hinge — with the rear window backward in either case. The configuration appeared on the Studebaker Wagonaire station wagon and 2003 GMC Envoy XUV. As a common, eminent element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. This was followed by the 1963 Mazda Familia, 1966 Toyota Corolla, 1967 Isuzu Florian, 1969 Mitsubishi Galant, 1973 Mitsubishi Lancer and 1974 Honda Civic wagons. Guest post: © Cambridge University Press 2021. During the American Civil War, these wagon trains would often be attended by the wagons of private merchants, known as sutlers, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters.


Meaning of wagon in English: become guest writer

[32] The pillarless models could be expensive to produce, added wind noise, and created functional issues with body torque. , can be loaded through a tailgate. Contributor guidelines When a pro-German Afrikaner subject organisation formed in 1939, to oppose South Africa's entry into World War II on the British side, it called itself the Ossewabrandwag (Ox-wagon Sentinel). To effect a scenery change, a wagon is simply rolled offstage to remove it from the set or rolled onstage to its designated position to add it to the set. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. Wagons are usually painted in outdoor paint to prevent rusting, but all metal wagons will eventually get slightly beat-up and can then rust. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. Traction engine with living van. 4 m) sheets of plywood or other panels with the rear seats folded. Learn the words you need to put across with confidence. Sponsored post by In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). Station wagons were initially thoughtful commercial vehicles (rather than consumer automobiles) and the framing of the early[when?] station wagons was left unsheathed, due to the commercial nature of the vehicles. From English waggon, from Dutch wagen. Bullocks were preferred by many explorers and teamsters because they were cheaper, quieter, tougher and more easily maintained than horses therefore making them more popular for draught work. They carved the roads and built the rail; their friction power made populating the interior possible; their contributions to the harvesting of timber opened the bush; they offered a start in life to the enterprising youngster". Hinged foot irons may be bolted to the sides of the wagon. Which of the following is correct?. The car could also 'kneel' to the ground for easy loading of heavy or large items. Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. Guest posting A common form found throughout Europe is the ladder wagon [de], a large wagon the sides of which often consisted of ladders strapped in place to hold in hay or grain, though these could be removed to serve other needs. Guest-post When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. Want to write for The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. Air casters are sometimes used in place of rolling casters. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. © Cambridge University Press 2021. In early days the flexible two-wheeled dray, with a centre pole and narrow 3-inch (8 cm) iron tyres was commonly used. Which of the following is correct?. Become an author For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). It describes a car with a rider compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening tailboard or liftgate. [56] General Motors also introduced the sportier Chevrolet Nomad and Pontiac Safari to their lineup in 1955. Damage to the stage can be mitigated by using extension spindles with compliant (e. Guest posts wanted [25] The first all-steel station wagon body was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban. Want to write for The brake is released by raising its handle, thereby retracting the steel rod away from the stage. Sponsored post: [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly technical. The 'Familiale' version had a front bench seat, a forward-facing three-space bench seat in the middle, and a folding forward-facing three-seat bench in the rear, providing a versatile nine-seat car. In 1969, Popular Mechanics said, "Station wagon-style . These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Station wagons and hatchbacks have in common a two-box design configuration, a shared interior volume for passengers and cargo[6][7] and a rear door (often called a gate in the case of a wagon) that is hinged at roof level. However, after 2004 these compact station wagons also began to be phased out in the United States. The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. The main problem with wagons is rust. Want to write a post In 1958, the Citroën ID Break (known as the Safari in English-speaking countries) was introduced, being larger than other French station wagon models and of similar size to the contemporary full-size station wagons from the United States. Rover and Austin produced 4×4 canvas-topped utility vehicles in the 1950s that were ready in station wagon body styles that were sold as "Station Wagons". The succeeding generation of GM's full-size station wagons returned to the upward-lifting rear window as had been used in the 1940s. Looking for guest posts On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. To lock the wagon in place, the free ends of the foot iron hinges are folded down and then secured to the stage with stage screws. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. A station wagon, also called an estate (UK) or simply wagon (US), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof protracted rearward[1] over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid. In the United States, early models with exposed wooden bodies became known as woodies. Guest posting rules With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. Want to write for A variety of other designs have been on the job in the past. These have a retractile rear roof section as well as a conventional rear tailgate that folded down to carry tall objects that would not fit other than. A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on chance by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. Guest post by For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. Blog for us Even larger freight wagons existed. These shanties were spaced at about 12-mile (20 km) intervals, which was the usual distance for a team to travel in a day. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Other woodie-style wagon models produced in important numbers include the 1984-1993 Jeep Grand Wagoneer,[49][50] 1957-1991 Mercury Colony Park, 1968-1988 Chrysler Town & Country, 1970-1990 Buick Estate, 1971-1992 Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser and 1969-1972 Chevrolet Kingswood Estate. Some companies, such as Speedway Express, make huge 8-wheeled wagons that are made of wood, usually handsewn by the Amish. Guest poster wanted One of the first builders of wagon bodies was the Stoughton Wagon Company from Wisconsin, who begun putting custom wagon bodies on the Ford Model T chassis in 1919[26][page needed] and by 1929 the Ford Motor Company was the biggest producer of chassis' for station wagons. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The bolts are mounted to the wagon base and, when the wagon is in position, the bolts are lowered into their designated, predrilled holes. © Cambridge University Press 2021. Other woodie-style wagon models produced in important numbers include the 1984-1993 Jeep Grand Wagoneer,[49][50] 1957-1991 Mercury Colony Park, 1968-1988 Chrysler Town & Country, 1970-1990 Buick Estate, 1971-1992 Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser and 1969-1972 Chevrolet Kingswood Estate. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. Many modern station wagons have an upward-swinging, full-width, full-height rear door supported on gas springs — often where the rear window can swing up independently. These wooden-bodied cars, produced until the 1960s, were amongst the most expensive vehicles at the time. The wagon weighs 15,000 pounds and is constructed of steel. The third and fourth rows were configured for two people each (although these seats were quite narrow in later models), giving a total seating capacity of ten people. The Ford Country Squire is a model that was easily recognized by its simulated wood trim[47][48] and the "Squire" trim level was an available option in a few different Ford model ranges, including the Falcon Squire, Fairlane Squire, and in the 1970s the Pinto Squire. Also, if a foot iron is allowed to contact the stage while the wagon is being moved, the stage floor can be damaged. The Chevrolet Vega Kammback, introduced in September 1970, was the first U. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting. This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. It also allowed a much more robust connecter between the hauling traces of the oxen and the rear axle of the wagon (usually iron chain or rods) that is necessary for heavy haulage. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Smaller station wagons were marketed as lower-priced alternatives to SUVs and minivans. Blog for us Traction engine with living van. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting. When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. They can also be used for moving camping gear or boxes. Guest blogger guidelines JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. The number of casters required for a wagon depends on caster type and load rating as well as the size, shape and weight of the wagon and scenery. In a similar difficulty to the United States, the decline of traditional Break and Familiale models in France was in no small part due to the intro of the minivan in the form of the Renault Espace in 1984. These have a retractile rear roof section as well as a conventional rear tailgate that folded down to carry tall objects that would not fit other than. Articles wanted In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. [21] They also came to be known as "carryalls" and "suburbans". By the 1930s, station wagons had become expensive and well-equipped vehicles. In South Africa, the ox-wagon was adopted as an Afrikaner cultural icon. Guest post by The Cadillac CTS gave rise to a station wagon counterpart, the 2010 CTS Sportwagon, which defied the trend by offering almost as many trim levels as its sedan counterpart. When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". Guest post guidelines A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. Ancient cultures such as the Mayans and the Aztecs had toy carts. [13] The power operation of both upper glass and lower tailgate became regulation equipment in later model years. [20][23] Then in 1983, the market for station wagons was further eroded by the Chrysler minivans, based on the K platform. Competitors marketed their versions as a Drop and Swing or Dual Action Tailgate. These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. [3] For 1969, Ford incorporated a design that allowed the rear glass to remain up or down when the door pivoted open on its side hinge, selling the system, which had been engineered by Donald N. [26][page needed] In lieu of glass, side curtains of canvas could be unrolled. GM added a notch in the rear bumper that acted as a step plate; to fill the gap, a small portion of the bumper was attached to the door-gate. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Similar configurations became the standard on full-size and intermediate station wagons from GM, Ford, Chrysler, and AMC. [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. The third and fourth rows were configured for two people each (although these seats were quite narrow in later models), giving a total seating capacity of ten people. Other differences are more variable and can possibly include:. General Motors also used forward-facing seats for the third row in the 1971–1976 clam shell wagons. Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". wagon (first-person possessive wagonku, second-person possessive wagonmu, third-person possessive wagonnya). wagon (third-person singular simple present wagons, present verb wagoning, simple past and past participial wagoned). The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. from Ford and Vauxhall were limited to factory-approved aftermarket conversions of the Ford Consul and Vauxhall Cresta, until the factory-built Vauxhall Victor wagon was introduced in 1958. As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. It describes a car with a passenger compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening gate or liftgate. Ford's first factory-built wagon was the 1963 Ford Cortina. Wooden wedges may be forced between the stage and the bottom edge of the wagon perimeter.


Scenery wagon become an author

Early examples also had such features as pivoted front axles and linchpins to secure the wheels. Models marketed as passenger station wagons in export markets were often sold as utilitarian "van" models in the home market. It describes a car with a passenger compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening gate or liftgate. Suggest a post [21] They also came to be known as "carryalls" and "suburbans". Suggest a post JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. The Ford Country Squire is a model that was easily recognized by its simulated wood trim[47][48] and the "Squire" trim level was an available option in a few different Ford model ranges, including the Falcon Squire, Fairlane Squire, and in the 1970s the Pinto Squire. Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. By the late 1950s, the wooden trim was replaced by "simulated wood" in the form of stick-on vinyl coverings. However, a two-wheel "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to commercial message customers, often in urban settings. His toy wagons helped bring people back from the thoughts of the looming war to their simple pleasures. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. The wagon weighs 15,000 pounds and is constructed of steel. [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. Learn the words you need to put across with confidence. It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. Others, such as the Morris Travellers, the Austin Cambridge Countryman and the Standard Ten Companion were bespoke. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. A station wagon, also called an estate (UK) or simply wagon (US), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof protracted rearward[1] over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid. Station wagons remain popular in Japan, although they are in slow decline as the SUVs and minivans have taken over a large portion of this market. The first station wagons were built in around 1910, by independent manufacturers producing wooden custom bodies for the Ford Model T chassis. A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an intromission. The 'Familiale' version had a front bench seat, a forward-facing three-space bench seat in the middle, and a folding forward-facing three-seat bench in the rear, providing a versatile nine-seat car. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. The clam shell design required no increased expanse or combat-ready area to open, allowing a user to stand at the cargo opening without the impediment of a door — for example, in a closed garage. The framing of the wooden bodies was sheathed in steel[citation needed] and coated with tinted lacquer for tribute. from Ford and Vauxhall were limited to factory-approved aftermarket conversions of the Ford Consul and Vauxhall Cresta, until the factory-built Vauxhall Victor wagon was introduced in 1958. It was a traditional form of transport, especially in Southern Africa but also in New Zealand and Australia. [13] The power operation of both upper glass and lower tailgate became regulation equipment in later model years. The main problem with wagons is rust. In its essential form, therefore, the wagon has been in common use for about 2,000 years. The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. [32] The pillarless models could be expensive to produce, added wind noise, and created functional issues with body torque. This is a guest post by In many markets, the station wagon models of the 700 Series significantly outsold the sedan models. When a model range includes quintuple body styles, such as sedan, hatchback, and station wagon, the models typically share their platform, drivetrain and bodywork forward of the A-pillar. Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. Volvo continued production of station wagons through the Volvo 145 (introduced in 1967), then the Volvo 200 Series (introduced in 1974), and the Volvo 700 Series (introduced in 1985). This is a guest post by The 'Familiale' version had a front bench seat, a forward-facing three-space bench seat in the middle, and a folding forward-facing three-seat bench in the rear, providing a versatile nine-seat car. Submit guest post Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). The brake is released by raising its handle, thereby retracting the steel rod away from the stage. Guest posts wanted In South Africa, the ox-wagon was adopted as an Afrikaner cultural icon. However, Japanese manufacturers did not build station wagons in large volume until recently. , can be loaded through a tailgate. The model was offered through the 1973 model year. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. Submit your content In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of auto. However, Japanese manufacturers did not build station wagons in large volume until recently. Other woodie-style wagon models produced in important numbers include the 1984-1993 Jeep Grand Wagoneer,[49][50] 1957-1991 Mercury Colony Park, 1968-1988 Chrysler Town & Country, 1970-1990 Buick Estate, 1971-1992 Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser and 1969-1972 Chevrolet Kingswood Estate. Guest poster wanted Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. This makes little difference to the turning circle of the wagon because of the oxen drawing it (see above) and it makes the front of the wagon much more stable because the track is never much less than the width of the tray. Submit a guest post [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. The Holden's main competitor, the Ford Falcon (XK) introduced wagon models in 1960. The trend since the 1980s for smaller station wagon bodies has limited the seating to two rows, resulting in a total mental ability of five people, or six people if a bench front seat is used. They can also be used in gardening for moving plants. [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. Manufacturers often chose a particularised model name to apply to all their station wagons cars as a marketing exercise — for example Austin used the Countryman name and Morris used the name Travellers. South Korean manufacturer Kia produce both the Cee'd and Optima station wagons designated as Sportswagons with sister company Hyundai offering station wagon versions of the i30 and i40. [65] The Duett two-door wagon was formed as a dual-function delivery van and people-carrier and is based on the chassis of the PV444 and PV544 sedans. When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. [3] For 1969, Ford incorporated a design that allowed the rear glass to remain up or down when the door pivoted open on its side hinge, selling the system, which had been engineered by Donald N. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farmstead or market. Guest article Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. Chrysler's 1957 models had a roof too low to permit a forward-facing seat in the cargo area,[citation needed] so a rear-facing seat was used for the third row. One of the first builders of wagon bodies was the Stoughton Wagon Company from Wisconsin, who begun putting custom wagon bodies on the Ford Model T chassis in 1919[26][page needed] and by 1929 the Ford Motor Company was the biggest producer of chassis' for station wagons. In the latter case, the wagon must be immobilized after it has been positioned on the stage so that actors can safely interact with it (e. Guest posting guidelines However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. Heavy duty casters are mounted to the underside of the platform so that the entire assembly can be quickly moved onstage or offstage, so as to facilitate rapid scenery changes during live productions. A wagon brake has a handle which, when pushed down, extends a steel rod down and onto the stage. The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. Become guest writer Several German manufacturers have produced station wagon versions of high-performance models, such as the Audi RS4, Audi RS6, Mercedes-AMG C63, Mercedes-AMG E63, BMW M5 (E60/E61), Volkswagen Golf R and Volkswagen Passat R36 wagons. Articles wanted Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. The pronunciation was likely influenced by French wagon, which was also borrowed from English. Sponsored post: Companies such as Northern Tool, Lowe's, and Tractor Supply Company make wagons specifically for outdoor work. [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. As a common, eminent element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. There seems to be a problem complementary the request at present. Sponsored post by [citation needed] In 1990, the 700 Series was replaced by the Volvo 900 Series, which was sold alongside the smaller Volvo 850 wagon that was introduced one year later. Cantrell began supply woodie bodies for Chrysler vehicles, which continued until 1931. Reflecting the original purpose of transporting people and luggage between country estates and railway stations,[4] the body style is called an "estate car" or "estate" in the United Kingdom, or a "station wagon" in North America, New Zealand, Australia and Africa. Articles wanted The US CAFE standards provided an asset to minivans (and later SUVs) over station wagons, because the minivans and SUVs were classified as trucks in the United States, and therefore subject to less stringent fuel economy and emissions regulations. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired somewhat poetical connotations, so is not always used with technical correctitude. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. These wooden-bodied cars, produced until the 1960s, were amongst the most expensive vehicles at the time. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". Many modern station wagons have an upward-swinging, full-width, full-height rear door supported on gas springs — often where the rear window can swing up independently. from Ford and Vauxhall were limited to factory-approved aftermarket conversions of the Ford Consul and Vauxhall Cresta, until the factory-built Vauxhall Victor wagon was introduced in 1958. In 1962, the Volvo Duett was replaced by a larger Amazon, which has a four-door body and a flat split tailgate. Cargo barriers may be used to prevent unsecured cargo from causing injuries in the event of sudden deceleration, collision, or a rollover. When a model range includes quintuple body styles, such as sedan, hatchback, and station wagon, the models typically share their platform, drivetrain and bodywork forward of the A-pillar. [25] The first all-steel station wagon body was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban. [67] Following a hiatus in station wagon production since the Saab 95 ended human activity in 1978, the company introduced the four-door Saab 9-5 station wagon in 1997, which was produced until 2010. Guest blogger guidelines Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. The 1994 Audi RS2, industrial in conjunction with Porsche, is considered the world's first performance station wagon.


Scenery wagon sponsored post by

The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. Learn the words you need to put across with confidence. South Korean manufacturers do not have a strong tradition in producing station wagons. However, these vehicles had fewer trim and power train levels than their sedan counterparts. [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. The popularity of the station wagon - particularly full-size station wagons - in the United States was blunted by increased fuel prices caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. Contributor guidelines Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. When a pro-German Afrikaner subject organisation formed in 1939, to oppose South Africa's entry into World War II on the British side, it called itself the Ossewabrandwag (Ox-wagon Sentinel). Cantrell began supply woodie bodies for Chrysler vehicles, which continued until 1931. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farmstead or market. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". Manufacturers often chose a particularised model name to apply to all their station wagons cars as a marketing exercise — for example Austin used the Countryman name and Morris used the name Travellers. However, a two-wheel "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. Which of the masses is correct?. Volvo continued production of station wagons through the Volvo 145 (introduced in 1967), then the Volvo 200 Series (introduced in 1974), and the Volvo 700 Series (introduced in 1985). Subsequent GM big wagons reverted to the door-gate style for its full-size wagons. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. Guest blogger Where manually operated, the lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). However, a two-wheel "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. South Korean manufacturer Kia produce both the Cee'd and Optima station wagons designated as Sportswagons with sister company Hyundai offering station wagon versions of the i30 and i40. After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. One of the first builders of wagon bodies was the Stoughton Wagon Company from Wisconsin, who begun putting custom wagon bodies on the Ford Model T chassis in 1919[26][page needed] and by 1929 the Ford Motor Company was the biggest producer of chassis' for station wagons. The American Heritage Dictionary defines a station wagon as "an automobile with one or more rows of folding or obliterable seats behind the driver and no luggage room but an area behind the seats into which suitcases, parcels, etc. Guest poster wanted Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. The coach variation was a later innovation, seemly a distinct form in the 16th century. Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. Guest post guidelines [21] They also came to be known as "carryalls" and "suburbans". Guest blogger guidelines After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. This is a guest post by In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. If it has a permanent top enclosing it, it may be called a "van". General Motors began producing two-door station wagons in 1955 with the "Chevrolet Handyman" and the "Pontiac Chieftain". These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Become a guest blogger In South Africa, the ox-wagon was adopted as an Afrikaner cultural icon. [20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. Submit your content These shanties were spaced at about 12-mile (20 km) intervals, which was the usual distance for a team to travel in a day. The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. A number of methods and mechanisms are usually used to immobilize, or "lock" scenery wagons in place:. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a horse-drawn wagon with a water tank. Station wagons remained popular in Europe[35] and in locations where emissions and efficiency regulations did not distinguish between cars and light trucks. Ford ceased production of wagons in Australia when the Ford Falcon (BF) ended creation in 2010, largely due to the declining station wagon and large car market, but also following the 2004 introduction and sales success of the Ford Territory SUV. Reflecting the original purpose of transporting people and luggage between country estates and railway stations,[4] the body style is called an "estate car" or "estate" in the United Kingdom, or a "station wagon" in North America, New Zealand, Australia and Africa. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to dealing customers, often in urban settings. Guest post policy Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. [34] The CTS wagon, especially in high-performance CTS-V trim, received positive reviews until it was discontinued in 2014. A toy wagon has the same structure as the traditional, larger wagon, but is much smaller and has an open top. Which of the masses is correct?. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. Want to write an article These wooden-bodied cars, produced until the 1960s, were amongst the most expensive vehicles at the time. Become a contributor Wagons are immediately dignified from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheeled vehicles primarily for carrying people, such as carriages. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. Hinged foot irons may be bolted to the sides of the wagon. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. The US CAFE standards provided an asset to minivans (and later SUVs) over station wagons, because the minivans and SUVs were classified as trucks in the United States, and therefore subject to less stringent fuel economy and emissions regulations. Which of the following is correct?. Submit blog post There seems to be a problem complementary the request at present. Some famous brands are Radio Flyer, Little Tikes, Red Rider, Northern Tool and Equipment, Lowe's, Cardinal, and Speedway Express. Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. [68] In 2005 a 'Sportwagon' version of the Saab 9-3 was introduced and produced until 2011. A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an intromission. When traveling over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". Other wagons produced in Australia include the smaller Toyota Camry and Mitsubishi Magna. Ford began production of steel-bodied two-door station wagons in 1952 with the Ford Ranch Wagon. When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. Most are on the same wheelbase, offer the same communicating and engine options, and the same comfort and convenience options. Guest-post These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farm-place or market. Borrowed from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen,[1] from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos (“wagon, primitive carriage”), from *weǵʰ- (“to transport”). 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. Want to write an article Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. Ox-wagons are typically drawn by teams of oxen, harnessed in pairs. Subsequent GM big wagons reverted to the door-gate style for its full-size wagons. These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. Guest post opportunities They can also be used in gardening for moving plants. These have a retractile rear roof section as well as a conventional rear tailgate that folded down to carry tall objects that would not fit other than. Later, station wagons were produced by vehicle manufacturers and include the 1937 Commer (based on the Hillman Minx Magnificent),[60] 1952 Morris Minor Traveller, 1952 Morris Oxford Traveller, 1954 Hillman Husky, 1954 Austin A30 Countryman and 1955 Ford Squire. [9][10] Special forms of conveyance wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. Imported station wagons, despite remaining popular in other countries,[37] struggled in the United States. Several German manufacturers have produced station wagon versions of high-performance models, such as the Audi RS4, Audi RS6, Mercedes-AMG C63, Mercedes-AMG E63, BMW M5 (E60/E61), Volkswagen Golf R and Volkswagen Passat R36 wagons. [citation needed] In 1990, the 700 Series was replaced by the Volvo 900 Series, which was sold alongside the smaller Volvo 850 wagon that was introduced one year later. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. However, Japanese manufacturers did not build station wagons in large volume until recently. [26][page needed] In lieu of glass, side curtains of canvas could be unrolled. In 1922, the Essex Closed Coach became the first mass-produced car to use a steel body (in this case, a fully enclosed sedan body style).


Meaning of wagon in English: submit guest article

Lift jacks may be built into a wagon or onto a wagon's exterior, as circumstances dictate. wagon m (plural wagons, diminutive wagonnetje n). This makes little difference to the turning circle of the wagon because of the oxen drawing it (see above) and it makes the front of the wagon much more stable because the track is never much less than the width of the tray. Toggle clamps, which are functionally similar to wagon brakes, are sometimes used in lieu of theatrical wagon brakes due to their higher load ratings and more durable construction. follows that of the production sedan of which it is the opposite number. The first station wagon by the South Korean maker was being released way back in 1995 as the Hyundai Avante Touring (Lantra Sportswagon), followed in early 1996 as the Kia Pride station wagon. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired slimly poetical connotations, so is not always used with subject field correctness. By the early 1960s, this arrangement was common on both full-size and compact wagons. The configuration appeared on the Studebaker Wagonaire station wagon and 2003 GMC Envoy XUV. After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. Guest-post Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. Want to contribute to our website Reflecting the original purpose of transporting people and luggage between country estates and railway stations,[4] the body style is called an "estate car" or "estate" in the United Kingdom, or a "station wagon" in North America, New Zealand, Australia and Africa. They carved the roads and built the rail; their friction power made populating the interior possible; their contributions to the harvesting of timber opened the bush; they offered a start in life to the enterprising youngster". Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. The last two-door wagon purchasable in America, the Volkswagen Fox,[citation needed] was interrupted in 1991. This makes little difference to the turning circle of the wagon because of the oxen drawing it (see above) and it makes the front of the wagon much more stable because the track is never much less than the width of the tray. An average wagon is able to seat one child, and is generally propelled by human power through a handle at the front. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. The exact name and terminology used is often reliant on the design or shape of the wagon. Submit article Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly adorned with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. One of the first builders of wagon bodies was the Stoughton Wagon Company from Wisconsin, who begun putting custom wagon bodies on the Ford Model T chassis in 1919[26][page needed] and by 1929 the Ford Motor Company was the biggest producer of chassis' for station wagons. Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Later, station wagons were produced by vehicle manufacturers and include the 1937 Commer (based on the Hillman Minx Magnificent),[60] 1952 Morris Minor Traveller, 1952 Morris Oxford Traveller, 1954 Hillman Husky, 1954 Austin A30 Countryman and 1955 Ford Squire. Submit content A scenery wagon, also known as a stage wagon, is a mobile platform that is used to support and emotional state movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage. A scenery wagon, also known as a stage wagon, is a mobile platform that is used to support and emotional state movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. If it has a permanent top enclosing it, it may be called a "van". [34] The Mercedes-Benz E63 AMG in Estate trim is a performance station wagon offered in the U. , walk, stand, or jump on it) without causing the wagon to move. Wooden wedges may be forced between the stage and the bottom edge of the wagon perimeter. [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. Writers wanted A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an intromission. More rigid curtains could be snapped in place to protect passengers from the atmospheric condition outside. Guest article Abstaining from drinking alcohol. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. From English waggon, from Dutch wagen. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. When a pro-German Afrikaner subject organisation formed in 1939, to oppose South Africa's entry into World War II on the British side, it called itself the Ossewabrandwag (Ox-wagon Sentinel). The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. Guest poster wanted Free delivery (2-3 days) on orders over £49. However, Japanese manufacturers did not build station wagons in large volume until recently. It also allowed a much more robust connecter between the hauling traces of the oxen and the rear axle of the wagon (usually iron chain or rods) that is necessary for heavy haulage. The 1994 Audi RS2, industrial in conjunction with Porsche, is considered the world's first performance station wagon. When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. This post was written by Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. The Citroën ID also had a two-part tailgate and hydropneumatic suspension, which allowed a self-leveling ride-height and automatic brake biasing regardless of the load carried. Borrowed from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen,[1] from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos (“wagon, primitive carriage”), from *weǵʰ- (“to transport”). Become an author In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. A lift jack is fundamentally a lever that attaches to the scenery wagon platform with a hinge, with a caster mounted to the underside of the lever near the hinge. A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. Want to contribute to our website The split-gate features an upward-swinging window combined with a downwards swinging tailgate, both manually operated. This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. Saab began producing station wagons in 1959, in the form of the Saab 95 two-door wagon, which was based on the Saab 93 sedan. The Voortrekkers used ox-wagons (Afrikaans: Ossewa) during the Great Trek north and north-east from the Cape Colony in the 1830s and 1840s. Submit guest article This was followed by the 1963 Mazda Familia, 1966 Toyota Corolla, 1967 Isuzu Florian, 1969 Mitsubishi Galant, 1973 Mitsubishi Lancer and 1974 Honda Civic wagons. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. Write for us In France, almost all station wagon models are called a "Break", although the spelling is different from the English shooting brake. Often the wagons where employed as a mobile munition called a laager, such as was the case at the Battle of Blood River. [21][34] While the K platform was also used for station wagon models (such as the Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries), the minivan would soon eclipse them in popularity. Heavy duty casters are mounted to the underside of the platform so that the entire assembly can be quickly moved onstage or offstage, so as to facilitate rapid scenery changes during live productions. Sponsored post: In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a horse-drawn wagon with a water tank. The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for long-distance hauling. [8] By the end of the 19th century, delivery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as advert for the particular business through the quality of the wagon. As the wooden bodies were replaced by steel bodies from 1945 to 1953, manufacturers applied wooden decorative trim to the steel-bodied wagons, as a visual link to the previous wooden style. The wagon weighs 15,000 pounds and is constructed of steel. Cargo barriers may be used to prevent unsecured cargo from causing injuries in the event of sudden deceleration, collision, or a rollover. A wagon brake has a handle which, when pushed down, extends a steel rod down and onto the stage. This was followed by the 1963 Mazda Familia, 1966 Toyota Corolla, 1967 Isuzu Florian, 1969 Mitsubishi Galant, 1973 Mitsubishi Lancer and 1974 Honda Civic wagons. Sorry, we just need to make sure you're not a robot. Toy wagons have been around since the late 19th century, and are traditionally painted red. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Guest posts In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of automobile. Station wagons remain popular in Japan, although they are in slow decline as the SUVs and minivans have taken over a large portion of this market. Other wagons produced in Australia include the smaller Toyota Camry and Mitsubishi Magna. Distinguishing features between hatchbacks and station wagons are:. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farm-place or market. Which of the chase is correct?. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. Become a guest blogger A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an intromission. Damage to the stage can be mitigated by using extension spindles with compliant (e. [21] They also came to be known as "carryalls" and "suburbans". Companies such as Northern Tool, Lowe's, and Tractor Supply Company make wagons specifically for outdoor work. Want to write an article Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. Horse wagon, with metal water tank, for irrigation, 2018.


Micro Wagon Classic: Black want to write a post

Full-size General Motors 1971–1976 wagons — the Chevrolet Kingswood, Townsman, Brookwood, Bel Air, Impala, and Caprice Estates; Pontiac Safari and Grand Safari; Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser, and the Buick Estate models — featured a 'clam shell' design marketed as the Glide-away tailgate, also called a "disappearing" tailgate because when open, the follow was wholly out of view. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. [21][34] While the K platform was also used for station wagon models (such as the Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries), the minivan would soon eclipse them in popularity. Station wagons have been marketed using the French term "break de chasse"[citation needed] (sometimes abbreviated to "break"), which translates as "hunting break", due to shared derivation with the shooting-brake body style. Bullocks were preferred by many explorers and teamsters because they were cheaper, quieter, tougher and more easily maintained than horses therefore making them more popular for draught work. They are also usually larger and more expensive. For the best receive on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics:. Scenery wagons are built in a wide range of sizes, ranging from less than one square foot up to the size of the playing area of the stage. Submit a guest post A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to commercial message customers, often in urban settings. Similar configurations became the standard on full-size and intermediate station wagons from GM, Ford, Chrysler, and AMC. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. Become guest writer It shared its wheelbase and length with Vega coupe versions and was produced in the 1971–1977 model years. The clam shell design required no increased expanse or combat-ready area to open, allowing a user to stand at the cargo opening without the impediment of a door — for example, in a closed garage. The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. The pronunciation was likely influenced by French wagon, which was also borrowed from English. Scenery wagons are built in a wide range of sizes, ranging from less than one square foot up to the size of the playing area of the stage. Free delivery (2-3 days) on orders over £49. Drinking alcohol again after a period of abstention. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a dominant form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. The basic design of toy wagons has been the same since the late 19th century. 4 m) sheets of plywood or other panels with the rear seats folded. Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. Guest article A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired slimly poetical connotations, so is not always used with subject field correctness. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. It was a traditional form of transport, especially in Southern Africa but also in New Zealand and Australia. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the two-door "Variant" body style of the Volkswagen Type 3 (also known as the Volkswagen 1500 - later the Volkswagen 1600). As a result, rigid casters are preferred for larger wagons, which typically require a proportionally higher number of casters. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a paramount form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. [63] The first Peugeot station wagon was the Peugeot 203, introduced in 1950. As of 2019, Volkswagen announced the cancellation of the Sportwagen in the US market. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. Which of the following is correct?. Smaller station wagons were marketed as lower-priced alternatives to SUVs and minivans. Guest post courtesy of [20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. [citation needed] Since Ford owned its own hardwood forest and mills (at the Ford Iron Mountain Plant in what is today Kingsford, Michigan in Michigan's Upper Peninsula) it began provision the wood components for the Model A station wagon. [54] In 1956, Studebaker introduced three new two-door wagons in Pelham, Parkview, and Pinehurst trims. Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. Want to write for For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. Blog for us [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. [20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. A scenery wagon, also known as a stage wagon, is a mobile platform that is used to support and emotional state movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage. [54] In 1956, Studebaker introduced three new two-door wagons in Pelham, Parkview, and Pinehurst trims. By the early 1960s, this arrangement was common on both full-size and compact wagons. A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. The front wheels are usually greater in diameter than the clearance under the tray of the vehicle so that the steering axle could not turn far under the tray. Wagon brakes provide a very fast means of locking and unlocking wagons, but the brakes and stage can be damaged if the running crew attempts to move a wagon while its brakes are engaged. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. [9][10] Special forms of conveyance wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. from Ford and Vauxhall were limited to factory-approved aftermarket conversions of the Ford Consul and Vauxhall Cresta, until the factory-built Vauxhall Victor wagon was introduced in 1958. Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. The back axle usually contains 4 bolts, and the front varies among the different steering designs. Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). Which of the following is correct?. The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. Guest poster wanted Imported station wagons, despite remaining popular in other countries,[37] struggled in the United States. A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. This site uses cookies to improve your experience. When fully extended, the steel rod actually lifts a section of the wagon slightly off the stage floor. Air casters are sometimes used in place of rolling casters. The coach variation was a later innovation, seemly a distinct form in the 16th century. The coach variation was a later innovation, seemly a distinct form in the 16th century. [26][page needed] In lieu of glass, side curtains of canvas could be unrolled. Which of the following is correct?. In most cases, the scenery is constructed on top of the wagon such that the wagon, and the scenery it supports, forms a single, integrated organise. A station wagon, also called an estate (UK) or simply wagon (US), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof protracted rearward[1] over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid. People also use toy wagons for small, outdoor projects. Wagon, four-wheeled vehicle designed to be drawn by draft animals and known to have been used as early as the 1st century bc, incorporating such earlier innovations as the spoked wheel and metal wheel rim. Doublet of wain (inherited from Old English wæġn) and related also to way, weigh. [15] Prior to this, performance models of station wagons included the 1970 Ford Falcon (XY) 'Grand Sport' pack,[16] the 1973 Chevrolet Chevelle Malibu SS-454 and the 1992 BMW M5 (E34). You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics:. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. If it has a permanent top enclosing it, it may be called a "van". Learn the words you need to put across with confidence. Daewoo Motor followed suit a year later with the first-generation Nubira. Various caster types are used on scenery wagons. A common form found throughout Europe is the ladder wagon [de], a large wagon the sides of which often consisted of ladders strapped in place to hold in hay or grain, though these could be removed to serve other needs. Articles wanted The 'Familiale' version had a front bench seat, a forward-facing three-space bench seat in the middle, and a folding forward-facing three-seat bench in the rear, providing a versatile nine-seat car. Guest post- The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. When a model range includes quintuple body styles, such as sedan, hatchback, and station wagon, the models typically share their platform, drivetrain and bodywork forward of the A-pillar. For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. The Parklane was a one-year only model, succeeded by the Ford Del Rio in 1957. This section will discuss a broad summary of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. These wooden-bodied cars, produced until the 1960s, were amongst the most expensive vehicles at the time. The first Japanese station wagon was the 1969 Isuzu Bellel four-door wagon, based on a compact sedan chassis. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. Usually, a small wagon contains 9, 12, or 16 bolts. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. The Voortrekkers used ox-wagons (Afrikaans: Ossewa) during the Great Trek north and north-east from the Cape Colony in the 1830s and 1840s. [72] Production of wagons in Australia ceased totally in 2017 when the Holden Commodore (VF) ended production. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. Sponsored post: An ox-wagon traditionally made with the sides rising toward the rear of the wagon to resemble the lower jaw-bone of an animal is also known as a kakebeenwa (jaw-bone wagon). When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Guest post guidelines The first recorded use of an ox-wagon was around 1670,[citation needed] but they move to be used in some areas up to modern times. It was a traditional form of transport, especially in Southern Africa but also in New Zealand and Australia. Guest post guidelines Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels.


Wagon in Wheelbarrows & Carts want to write a post

Prior to 1956, the third-row seats were forward-facing. In South Africa, the ox-wagon was adopted as an Afrikaner cultural icon. After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. Wagons were heavier than carts in construction, with a boxlike body that was useful for hauling freight and agricultural produce and a smoother ride due to the implicit stableness of being supported on four wheels rather than two. Submit article Of the two body styles, a station wagon roof (viewed in profile) more likely extends to the very rearmost of the vehicle, enclosing a full-height cargo volume[7] — a hatchback roof (especially a liftback roof) is likely rake down steeply behind the C-Pillar, prioritizing style[1] over Interior volume or cargo capacity, sometimes having a shorter rear overhang and including smaller side windows (or no windows). [9][10] Special forms of delivery wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. If it has a permanent top introduction it, it may be called a "van". They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. Wedges are typically used in pairs, on word sides of the wagon so that the wagon can't slip off the wedges. Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. However, the 1964–1972 Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser and 1964–1969 Buick Sport Wagon featured raised roof-lines beginning above the second-row seat and continued all the way to the rear tailgate, consequent in the third row of seats being forward-facing. follows that of the production sedan of which it is the opposite number. wagon m (plural wagons, diminutive wagonnetje n). Submit your content The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. wagon m (plural wagons, diminutive wagonnetje n). Competitors marketed their versions as a Drop and Swing or Dual Action Tailgate. Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. An ox-wagon or bullock wagon is a four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). This post was written by A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an machine of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". During a convert to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. This post was written by By the 1930s, station wagons had become expensive and well-equipped vehicles. In the United States, Ford's full-size station wagons for 1966 introduced a system marketed as "Magic Doorgate" — a conventional tailgate with retracting rear glass, where the tailgate could either fold down or pivot open on a side hinge — with the rear window backward in either case. Which of the following is correct?. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. Sponsored post by Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. Chrysler's 1957 models had a roof too low to permit a forward-facing seat in the cargo area,[citation needed] so a rear-facing seat was used for the third row. Full-size General Motors 1971–1976 wagons — the Chevrolet Kingswood, Townsman, Brookwood, Bel Air, Impala, and Caprice Estates; Pontiac Safari and Grand Safari; Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser, and the Buick Estate models — featured a 'clam shell' design marketed as the Glide-away tailgate, also called a "disappearing" tailgate because when open, the follow was wholly out of view. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. The car could also 'kneel' to the ground for easy loading of heavy or large items. When a model range includes quintuple body styles, such as sedan, hatchback, and station wagon, the models typically share their platform, drivetrain and bodywork forward of the A-pillar. The late 1950s through the mid-1960s was also the period of greatest variation in body styles, with models available without a B-pillar (called hardtop or pillarless models) or with a B-pillar, both in 2-door and 4-door variants. They can also be used in gardening for moving plants. Guest posts wanted Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting. [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. If it has a permanent top enclosing it, it may be called a "van". These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. However, these vehicles had fewer trim and power train levels than their sedan counterparts. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. Many Australian country towns owe their origin to the bullock teams, having grown from a store or shanty where teams rested or crossed a stream. These wagons are often volumed with a tilting cargo bed which allows the user to dump their cargo more easily, making them suitable for small farms. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. [20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. to walk somewhere quickly with long steps. When itinerant over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". Later, station wagons were produced by vehicle manufacturers and include the 1937 Commer (based on the Hillman Minx Magnificent),[60] 1952 Morris Minor Traveller, 1952 Morris Oxford Traveller, 1954 Hillman Husky, 1954 Austin A30 Countryman and 1955 Ford Squire. There was a problem sending your report. [68] In 2005 a 'Sportwagon' version of the Saab 9-3 was introduced and produced until 2011. Submit guest post Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. Which of the following is correct?. Wooden wedges may be forced between the stage and the bottom edge of the wagon perimeter. In 1958, the Citroën ID Break (known as the Safari in English-speaking countries) was introduced, being larger than other French station wagon models and of similar size to the contemporary full-size station wagons from the United States. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. There was a problem sending your report. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of auto. Which of the following is correct?. 0 m) wide to celebrate the 80th anniversary of Radio Flyer. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an machine of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. Nursery wagons are available just for professional gardening. [13] The power operation of both upper glass and lower tailgate became regulation equipment in later model years. During the American Civil War, these wagon trains would often be accompanied by the wagons of private merchants, known as sutlers, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters. The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. As the number of swivel casters attached to a wagon increases, though, it becomes increasingly difficult to align them. 0 m) wide to celebrate the 80th anniversary of Radio Flyer. Sense 9 (“woman of loose morals; obnoxious woman”) is credibly a derogatory and jocular reference to a woman being “ridden”, that is, mounted for the purpose of sexual intercourse. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. Accepting guest posts The last two-door wagon purchasable in America, the Volkswagen Fox,[citation needed] was interrupted in 1991. Guest article [68] In 2005 a 'Sportwagon' version of the Saab 9-3 was introduced and produced until 2011. Traction engine with living van. Borrowed from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen,[1] from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos (“wagon, primitive carriage”), from *weǵʰ- (“to transport”). [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. In Germany, the term "Kombi" is used, short for Kombinationskraftwagen ("combination motor vehicle"). The Ford and Holden wagons were usually built on a longer wheelbase than their sedan counterparts, until the introduction of the Holden Commodore (VE) which switched to sharing the sedan's shorter wheelbase. Wagons are usually painted in outdoor paint to prevent rusting, but all metal wagons will eventually get slightly beat-up and can then rust. The succeeding generation of GM's full-size station wagons returned to the upward-lifting rear window as had been used in the 1940s. Guest-blogger The split-gate features an upward-swinging window combined with a downwards swinging tailgate, both manually operated. Blog for us A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. Volvo station wagons produced since the mid-1990s are the Volvo V40, Volvo V50, Volvo V60, Volvo V70, and Volvo V90, with the V40, V60, and V90 models currently in production. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. In early days the flexible two-wheeled dray, with a centre pole and narrow 3-inch (8 cm) iron tyres was commonly used. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. Wagons are immediately dignified from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheeled vehicles primarily for carrying people, such as carriages. Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. The coach variation was a later innovation, seemly a distinct form in the 16th century. A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to dealing customers, often in urban settings. Want to write for Wagons are immediately distinguished from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheel vehicles in the main for carrying people, such as carriages. wagon (third-person singular simple present wagons, present verb wagoning, simple past and past participial wagoned). Submit guest article Prior to 1956, the third-row seats were forward-facing. Doublet of wain (inherited from Old English wæġn) and related also to way, weigh. A number of methods and mechanisms are usually used to immobilize, or "lock" scenery wagons in place:. Submit article Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. Guest post: Sorry, we just need to make sure you're not a robot. It had a seating capacity of eight people, consisting of two front-facing bench seats and two folding inward-facing seats in the cargo area. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farmstead or market. The body style transforms a cubage unit three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar.


Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary, Synonyms, and Spanish to English Translator this post was written by

In warfare, large groups of supply wagons were used to support traveling armies with food and munitions, forming "baggage trains". However, after 2004 these compact station wagons also began to be phased out in the United States. Station wagons remain popular in Japan, although they are in slow decline as the SUVs and minivans have taken over a large portion of this market. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). Become a contributor Even larger freight wagons existed. [67] Following a hiatus in station wagon production since the Saab 95 ended human activity in 1978, the company introduced the four-door Saab 9-5 station wagon in 1997, which was produced until 2010. During the 9th century several extra improvements in harness and suspension led to a marked preference for wagons over carts as a means of passenger and long-distance transportation. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farmstead or market. As the wooden bodies were replaced by steel bodies from 1945 to 1953, manufacturers applied wooden decorative trim to the steel-bodied wagons, as a visual link to the previous wooden style. For the best receive on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. [3] Frequently comprising long trains of bullocks, yoked in pairs, they were used for hauling drays, wagon or jinker loads of goods and lumber prior to the construction of railways and the commencement of roads. Guest post [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to dealing customers, often in urban settings. In 1956 Ford responded to the Nomad and Safari with its own sporty two-door wagon, The Ford Parklane. Looking for guest posts [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. to walk somewhere quickly with long steps. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. Usually, a small wagon contains 9, 12, or 16 bolts. Guest post policy Sign up for exclusive offers and latest news. The 2015 VW Golf Sportwagen[42] was marketed as a sub-compact station wagon in the North American market. The basic design of toy wagons has been the same since the late 19th century. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. The concept of express wagons and of paneled delivery vans developed in the 19th century. Guest posts The majority of these models were two-door wagons and several models were built on the chassis of relatively small cars. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Early[when?] station wagons were fixed-roof vehicles, but lacked the glass that would unremarkably enclose the passenger compartment, and had only bench seats. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. In Germany, the term "Kombi" is used, short for Kombinationskraftwagen ("combination motor vehicle"). A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired slimly poetical connotations, so is not always used with subject field correctness. A wagon brake has a handle which, when pushed down, extends a steel rod down and onto the stage. As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. Which of the followers is correct?. An ox-wagon or bullock wagon is a four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). Become guest writer [13] The power operation of both upper glass and lower tailgate became regulation equipment in later model years. A variety of other designs have been on the job in the past. Submit blog post An exception to this trend was the Subaru Legacy and Subaru Outback station wagon models, which continue to be produced at the Subaru of Indiana plant. International Harvester Auto Wagon. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. The first recorded use of an ox-wagon was around 1670,[citation needed] but they move to be used in some areas up to modern times. Want to write an article During the 9th century several extra improvements in harness and suspension led to a marked preference for wagons over carts as a means of passenger and long-distance transportation. This is a guest post by The emergence and quality of SUVs which closely approximate the traditional station wagon body style was a further blow. Bullocks were preferred by many explorers and teamsters because they were cheaper, quieter, tougher and more easily maintained than horses therefore making them more popular for draught work. Accepting guest posts [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. Guest post- More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. Wagons were heavier than carts in construction, with a boxlike body that was useful for hauling freight and agricultural produce and a smoother ride due to the implicit stableness of being supported on four wheels rather than two. Scenery wagons make up one of the four methods used to move scenery during the course of a theatre performance, the other three being "flying" (suspending) scenery from a fly system, elevating or lowering scenery on a stage lift, or "running" (manually carrying) the scenery. Wagons were produced in many sizes and types, and those used for the carrying of passengers were equipped with springs between the box and the running gear. On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farm-place or market. The first recorded use of an ox-wagon was around 1670,[citation needed] but they move to be used in some areas up to modern times. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". [9][10] Special forms of conveyance wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. [20] They were primitively called "depot hacks" because they worked around train depots as hacks (short for hackney carriage, as taxicabs were then known). Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. [21][34] While the K platform was also used for station wagon models (such as the Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries), the minivan would soon eclipse them in popularity. The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. Guest contributor guidelines A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". Guest poster wanted [56] General Motors also introduced the sportier Chevrolet Nomad and Pontiac Safari to their lineup in 1955. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. Ox-wagons are typically drawn by teams of oxen, harnessed in pairs. Some companies, such as Speedway Express, make huge 8-wheeled wagons that are made of wood, usually handsewn by the Amish. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics:. Become guest writer [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly specialized. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a dominant form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. Wagons are immediately dignified from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheeled vehicles primarily for carrying people, such as carriages. The ossewa is mentioned in the first verse of "Die Stem", the Afrikaans poem which became South Africa's national anthem from 1957 to 1994. The Ford Taurus wagon was interrupted in 2005 and the Ford Focus station wagon was out of print in 2008. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. Guest blogger 2Irish derogative An acerb or disliked woman. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for distant hauling. Imported station wagons, despite remaining popular in other countries,[37] struggled in the United States. Guest post guidelines [56] General Motors also introduced the sportier Chevrolet Nomad and Pontiac Safari to their lineup in 1955. Contribute to this site Station wagons produced in East Germany include the 1956–1965 Wartburg 311/312/313, the 1963–1990 Trabant 601 Universal, and the 1966–1988 Wartburg 353 Tourist. In many markets, the station wagon models of the 700 Series significantly outsold the sedan models. Want to write for The body style transforms a cubage unit three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. Raising the manual gate required a 5 lb pull via a appendage built-in to the top edge of the retractable gate. A common form found throughout Europe is the ladder wagon [de], a large wagon the sides of which often consisted of ladders strapped in place to hold in hay or grain, though these could be removed to serve other needs. South Korean manufacturers do not have a strong tradition in producing station wagons. [38] In 2012, the Volvo V50 compact station wagon was reclusive from the U. The first Australian-designed car was built in 1948 but locally designed station wagons did not appear until nine years later when the 1957 Holden FE was introduced. [38] In 2012, the Volvo V50 compact station wagon was reclusive from the U. Articles wanted The Voortrekkers used ox-wagons (Afrikaans: Ossewa) during the Great Trek north and north-east from the Cape Colony in the 1830s and 1840s. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Writers wanted In 2011, the Toyota Prius V introduced hybrid power to the compact wagon market, but was discontinued in 2017 to streamline the Toyota hybrid lineup and focus on the RAV4 Hybrid Crossover SUV. One of the first builders of wagon bodies was the Stoughton Wagon Company from Wisconsin, who begun putting custom wagon bodies on the Ford Model T chassis in 1919[26][page needed] and by 1929 the Ford Motor Company was the biggest producer of chassis' for station wagons. Guest blogger guidelines South Korean manufacturer Kia produce both the Cee'd and Optima station wagons designated as Sportswagons with sister company Hyundai offering station wagon versions of the i30 and i40. Guest poster wanted Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. The coach variation was a later innovation, seemly a distinct form in the 16th century. Despite the popularity of station wagons in America, station wagon offerings in the U. The station wagon variants of the smaller Mercedes-Benz C-Class line-up were dropped in 2007 and the BMW 5 Series Touring models were discontinued in 2010, due to slow sales in the United States with only 400 wagons sold in 2009. The American Heritage Dictionary defines a station wagon as "an automobile with one or more rows of folding or obliterable seats behind the driver and no luggage room but an area behind the seats into which suitcases, parcels, etc. Submit blog post When a model range includes quintuple body styles, such as sedan, hatchback, and station wagon, the models typically share their platform, drivetrain and bodywork forward of the A-pillar. The Ford Taurus wagon was interrupted in 2005 and the Ford Focus station wagon was out of print in 2008. [34] The CTS wagon, especially in high-performance CTS-V trim, received positive reviews until it was discontinued in 2014. Guest contributor guidelines The number of casters required for a wagon depends on caster type and load rating as well as the size, shape and weight of the wagon and scenery. When itinerant over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". Some companies, such as Speedway Express, make huge 8-wheeled wagons that are made of wood, usually handsewn by the Amish. The station wagon variants of the smaller Mercedes-Benz C-Class line-up were dropped in 2007 and the BMW 5 Series Touring models were discontinued in 2010, due to slow sales in the United States with only 400 wagons sold in 2009. Nursery wagons let dirt and water go through the bottom and are good for plants and pots in a greenhouse.


Micro Wagon Classic: Black guest posting

Blog for us Companies such as Northern Tool, Lowe's, and Tractor Supply Company make wagons specifically for outdoor work. When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. This gave them a very wide turning circle, the legacy of which are the broad, pleasant boulevards of cities such as Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, which are 120-foot (40 m) wide,[1] and Grahamstown, South Africa, which are "wide enough to turn an ox-wagon". [8] By the end of the 19th century, recovery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as promotion for the part business through the quality of the wagon. The Ford Taurus wagon was interrupted in 2005 and the Ford Focus station wagon was out of print in 2008. Contribute to this site A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. In South Africa, the ox-wagon was adopted as an Afrikaner cultural icon. Submit an article A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". Contribute to this site Eventually, car manufacturers began producing their own station wagon designs. wagon (first-person possessive wagonku, second-person possessive wagonmu, third-person possessive wagonnya). It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. [15] Prior to this, performance models of station wagons included the 1970 Ford Falcon (XY) 'Grand Sport' pack,[16] the 1973 Chevrolet Chevelle Malibu SS-454 and the 1992 BMW M5 (E34). Some small kids' wagons are made completely out of plastic. International Harvester Auto Wagon. Bullocks were preferred by many explorers and teamsters because they were cheaper, quieter, tougher and more easily maintained than horses therefore making them more popular for draught work. They carved the roads and built the rail; their friction power made populating the interior possible; their contributions to the harvesting of timber opened the bush; they offered a start in life to the enterprising youngster". Daewoo Motor followed suit a year later with the first-generation Nubira. The trend since the 1980s for smaller station wagon bodies has limited the seating to two rows, resulting in a total mental ability of five people, or six people if a bench front seat is used. Which of the masses is correct?. Become an author Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. Guest author [68] In 2005 a 'Sportwagon' version of the Saab 9-3 was introduced and produced until 2011. The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. Where manually operated, the lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. However, a two-wheel "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. The first station wagons were built in around 1910, by independent manufacturers producing wooden custom bodies for the Ford Model T chassis. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. In 2017 station wagons accounted for 31% of all sold cars. In most cases, the scenery is constructed on top of the wagon such that the wagon, and the scenery it supports, forms a single, integrated organise. European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). Guest posts wanted A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an assembly of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. Guest post opportunities There was a problem sending your report. The succeeding generation of GM's full-size station wagons returned to the upward-lifting rear window as had been used in the 1940s. When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. The first all-steel station wagon was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban, which was built on the chassis of a panel truck. On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. As of 2019, Volkswagen announced the cancellation of the Sportwagen in the US market. International Harvester Auto-Buggy. Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. Traction engine with living van. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for long-distance hauling. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. Which of the following is correct?. © Cambridge University Press 2021. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. Manufacture of the wooden bodies was at first outsourced to custom coachbuilders,[27][28] because the production of the all-wood bodies was very time-consuming. [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. Accepting guest posts During the American Civil War, these wagon trains would often be attended by the wagons of private merchants, known as sutlers, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters. The Ford and Holden wagons were usually built on a longer wheelbase than their sedan counterparts, until the introduction of the Holden Commodore (VE) which switched to sharing the sedan's shorter wheelbase. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. Submitting a guest post Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. Volvo continued production of station wagons through the Volvo 145 (introduced in 1967), then the Volvo 200 Series (introduced in 1974), and the Volvo 700 Series (introduced in 1985). The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (High wheeler). During a convert to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. Subsequent GM big wagons reverted to the door-gate style for its full-size wagons. [20][23] Then in 1983, the market for station wagons was further eroded by the Chrysler minivans, based on the K platform. 2Irish derogative An acerb or disliked woman. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. The pronunciation was likely influenced by French wagon, which was also borrowed from English. An ox-wagon traditionally made with the sides rising toward the rear of the wagon to resemble the lower jaw-bone of an animal is also known as a kakebeenwa (jaw-bone wagon). Become guest writer Many modern station wagons have an upward-swinging, full-width, full-height rear door supported on gas springs — often where the rear window can swing up independently. Early[when?] station wagons cars were after-market conversions, with the new manual labor using a wooden frame and either steel or wooden panels. It had a seating capacity of eight people, consisting of two front-facing bench seats and two folding inward-facing seats in the cargo area. Guest post policy In 2011, the Toyota Prius V introduced hybrid power to the compact wagon market, but was discontinued in 2017 to streamline the Toyota hybrid lineup and focus on the RAV4 Hybrid Crossover SUV. Suggest a post The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. [9][10] Special forms of delivery wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. The split-gate features an upward-swinging window combined with a downwards swinging tailgate, both manually operated. Guest post: The Parklane was a one-year only model, succeeded by the Ford Del Rio in 1957. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. [63] The first Peugeot station wagon was the Peugeot 203, introduced in 1950. Wooden wedges may be forced between the stage and the bottom edge of the wagon perimeter. Submit a guest post Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. Submit guest post [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. Toggle clamps, which are functionally similar to wagon brakes, are sometimes used in lieu of theatrical wagon brakes due to their higher load ratings and more durable construction. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. © Cambridge University Press 2021. The Chevrolet Vega Kammback, introduced in September 1970, was the first U. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly technical. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). South Korean manufacturer Kia produce both the Cee'd and Optima station wagons designated as Sportswagons with sister company Hyundai offering station wagon versions of the i30 and i40. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. One animal or several, often in pairs or teams may pull wagons. In France, almost all station wagon models are called a "Break", although the spelling is different from the English shooting brake. Where manually operated, the lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. Submit your content To lock the wagon in place, the free ends of the foot iron hinges are folded down and then secured to the stage with stage screws. Guest post- However, the 1964–1972 Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser and 1964–1969 Buick Sport Wagon featured raised roof-lines beginning above the second-row seat and continued all the way to the rear tailgate, consequent in the third row of seats being forward-facing. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Sponsored post The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. Eventually, car manufacturers began producing their own station wagon designs. Wagons were heavier than carts in construction, with a boxlike body that was useful for hauling freight and agricultural produce and a smoother ride due to the implicit stableness of being supported on four wheels rather than two. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a paramount form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. Most are on the same wheelbase, offer the same communicating and engine options, and the same comfort and convenience options. to walk somewhere quickly with long steps. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a equine wagon with a water tank. Prior to 1956, the third-row seats were forward-facing. Sponsored post: , walk, stand, or jump on it) without causing the wagon to move.


Wagon in Wheelbarrows & Carts submit blog post

Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a dominant form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. The clam shell design required no increased expanse or combat-ready area to open, allowing a user to stand at the cargo opening without the impediment of a door — for example, in a closed garage. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an agricultural or rural setting. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. These wagons are often volumed with a tilting cargo bed which allows the user to dump their cargo more easily, making them suitable for small farms. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. During a change to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. To lock the wagon in place, the free ends of the foot iron hinges are folded down and then secured to the stage with stage screws. [56] General Motors also introduced the sportier Chevrolet Nomad and Pontiac Safari to their lineup in 1955. The Ford and Holden wagons were usually built on a longer wheelbase than their sedan counterparts, until the introduction of the Holden Commodore (VE) which switched to sharing the sedan's shorter wheelbase. [23] When it was introduced in 1941 the Chrysler Town & Country was the most expensive car in the company's model range. These shanties were spaced at about 12-mile (20 km) intervals, which was the usual distance for a team to travel in a day. A scenery wagon, also known as a stage wagon, is a mobile platform that is used to support and emotional state movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage. Competitors marketed their versions as a Drop and Swing or Dual Action Tailgate. When fully extended, the steel rod actually lifts a section of the wagon slightly off the stage floor. 2Irish derogative An acerb or disliked woman. The first station wagon produced in Sweden was the Volvo Duett, introduced in 1953. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farmstead or market. Contribute to our site Wagons were produced in many sizes and types, and those used for the carrying of passengers were equipped with springs between the box and the running gear. Suggest a post However, Japanese manufacturers did not build station wagons in large volume until recently. A common form found throughout Europe is the ladder wagon [de], a large wagon the sides of which often consisted of ladders strapped in place to hold in hay or grain, though these could be removed to serve other needs. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. The body style transforms a cubage unit three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. For example, Plymouth continued display of wooden bodied station wagons until 1950. When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". Which of the following is correct?. The first Australian-designed car was built in 1948 but locally designed station wagons did not appear until nine years later when the 1957 Holden FE was introduced. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. Raising the manual gate required a 5 lb pull via a appendage built-in to the top edge of the retractable gate. When a model range includes quintuple body styles, such as sedan, hatchback, and station wagon, the models typically share their platform, drivetrain and bodywork forward of the A-pillar. The back wheels are usually substantially larger than the front ones and rigidly connected to the tray of the vehicle. An average wagon is able to seat one child, and is generally propelled by human power through a handle at the front. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. Many modern station wagons have an upward-swinging, full-width, full-height rear door supported on gas springs — often where the rear window can swing up independently. He produced many of them in his workshop in Chicago and they became a nationalist hit after the 1933 Chicago World Fair. Guest posting guidelines This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. The clam shell design required no increased expanse or combat-ready area to open, allowing a user to stand at the cargo opening without the impediment of a door — for example, in a closed garage. Suggest a post Bullocks were preferred by many explorers and teamsters because they were cheaper, quieter, tougher and more easily maintained than horses therefore making them more popular for draught work. Some station wagons were closely derived from existing commercial van models, such as the Austin A30/35 Countryman and the Hillman Husky. Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. The steam wagon, a self-powered development of the equine wagon, was a surprisingly late innovation, entering service only in the late nineteenth century. Writers wanted However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Abstaining from drinking alcohol. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. to walk somewhere quickly with long steps. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. An ox-wagon traditionally made with the sides rising toward the rear of the wagon to resemble the lower jaw-bone of an animal is also known as a kakebeenwa (jaw-bone wagon). Sponsored post However, these vehicles had fewer trim and power train levels than their sedan counterparts. From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. Early[when?] station wagons were fixed-roof vehicles, but lacked the glass that would unremarkably enclose the passenger compartment, and had only bench seats. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Submitting a guest post , walk, stand, or jump on it) without causing the wagon to move. Air casters are sometimes used in place of rolling casters. Several manufacturers produced steel and wooden-bodied station wagons concurrently for several years. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of auto. Where manually operated, the lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. After the brainstorm of gold in the Barberton area in 1881, ox-wagons were used to bring in supplies from former Lourenço Marques. Wagons were heavier than carts in construction, with a boxlike body that was useful for hauling freight and agricultural produce and a smoother ride due to the implicit stableness of being supported on four wheels rather than two. Submit an article In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). Guest posts Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". It also allowed a much more robust connecter between the hauling traces of the oxen and the rear axle of the wagon (usually iron chain or rods) that is necessary for heavy haulage. A station wagon, also called an estate (UK) or simply wagon (US), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof protracted rearward[1] over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid. It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. International Harvester Auto-Buggy. Which of the following is correct?. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. Since the 1990s, lifesize station wagons have been largely replaced by SUVs with three-row seating, such as the Chevrolet Suburban, Ford Expedition, Mercedes-Benz GL-Class, and Dodge Durango. Cantrell began supply woodie bodies for Chrysler vehicles, which continued until 1931. Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. The bolts are mounted to the wagon base and, when the wagon is in position, the bolts are lowered into their designated, predrilled holes. When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of auto. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. However, after 2004 these compact station wagons also began to be phased out in the United States. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. Ford and Holden produced wagon models based on each generation of their large sedan platforms until 2010. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. As a common, important element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. In the latter case, the wagon must be immobilized after it has been positioned on the stage so that actors can safely interact with it (e. A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. Guest blogger wagon (third-person singular simple present wagons, present verb wagoning, simple past and past participial wagoned). wagon (first-person possessive wagonku, second-person possessive wagonmu, third-person possessive wagonnya). The Parklane was a one-year only model, succeeded by the Ford Del Rio in 1957. Guest posters wanted European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). Become guest writer Volvo continued production of station wagons through the Volvo 145 (introduced in 1967), then the Volvo 200 Series (introduced in 1974), and the Volvo 700 Series (introduced in 1985). Guest-blogger Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. In 2011, the Toyota Prius V introduced hybrid power to the compact wagon market, but was discontinued in 2017 to streamline the Toyota hybrid lineup and focus on the RAV4 Hybrid Crossover SUV. Guest post courtesy of The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. Publish your guest post Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. They are also usually larger and more expensive. [26][page needed] Also in 1929, J. Free delivery (2-3 days) on orders over £49. When a pro-German Afrikaner subject organisation formed in 1939, to oppose South Africa's entry into World War II on the British side, it called itself the Ossewabrandwag (Ox-wagon Sentinel). Smaller station wagons were marketed as lower-priced alternatives to SUVs and minivans. Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly adorned with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. Contributor guidelines [34] The Mercedes-Benz E63 AMG in Estate trim is a performance station wagon offered in the U. [8][9][10] Folding rear seats (in order to create a larger space for cargo) are also common on both station wagons and hatchbacks. Wooden wedges may be forced between the stage and the bottom edge of the wagon perimeter. Early[when?] station wagons cars were after-market conversions, with the new manual labor using a wooden frame and either steel or wooden panels. The concept of express wagons and of paneled delivery vans developed in the 19th century. Guest post policy A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. The configuration appeared on the Studebaker Wagonaire station wagon and 2003 GMC Envoy XUV. Contribute to this site James Percy FitzPatrick worked on those ox-wagons and delineate them in his famous 1907 book Jock of the Bushveld. A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. Guest post Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. However, a two-wheel "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Contributing writer If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an agricultural or rural setting.


Scenery wagon write for us

However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Most of the load-carrying area was covered in canvas financed by wooden arches; the driver sat in the open on a wooden chest (Afrikaans: wakis). In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. [26][page needed] Also in 1929, J. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. It shared its wheelbase and length with Vega coupe versions and was produced in the 1971–1977 model years. Want to write a post In the United States, early models with exposed wooden bodies became known as woodies. Submit blog post When a model range includes quintuple body styles, such as sedan, hatchback, and station wagon, the models typically share their platform, drivetrain and bodywork forward of the A-pillar. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. These wooden-bodied cars, produced until the 1960s, were amongst the most expensive vehicles at the time. Sponsored post Companies such as Northern Tool, Lowe's, and Tractor Supply Company make wagons specifically for outdoor work. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. GM added a notch in the rear bumper that acted as a step plate; to fill the gap, a small portion of the bumper was attached to the door-gate. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Want to write for Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. Other wagons produced in Australia include the smaller Toyota Camry and Mitsubishi Magna. Submit guest post A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired somewhat poetical connotations, so is not always used with technical correctitude. Contributing writer Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. The exact name and terminology used is often reliant on the design or shape of the wagon. [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. The back axle usually contains 4 bolts, and the front varies among the different steering designs. Station wagons remained popular in Europe[35] and in locations where emissions and efficiency regulations did not distinguish between cars and light trucks. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (High wheeler). [20] However, most station wagons were produced with wooden bodies until after World War II. [54] In 1956, Studebaker introduced three new two-door wagons in Pelham, Parkview, and Pinehurst trims. Submit a guest post Other differences are more variable and can possibly include:. 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (High wheeler). Doublet of wain (inherited from Old English wæġn) and related also to way, weigh. Wagons are usually painted in outdoor paint to prevent rusting, but all metal wagons will eventually get slightly beat-up and can then rust. The body style transforms a cubage unit three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. Guest-post If it has a permanent top introduction it, it may be called a "van". [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. The basic design of toy wagons has been the same since the late 19th century. Guest blogger Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. Suggest a post The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. Wedges are typically used in pairs, on word sides of the wagon so that the wagon can't slip off the wedges. Wagons were produced in many sizes and types, and those used for the carrying of passengers were equipped with springs between the box and the running gear. Looking for guest posts From English waggon, from Dutch wagen. wagon (third-person singular simple present wagons, present verb wagoning, simple past and past participial wagoned). The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. Competitors marketed their versions as a Drop and Swing or Dual Action Tailgate. Borrowed from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen,[1] from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos (“wagon, primitive carriage”), from *weǵʰ- (“to transport”). As a result, rigid casters are preferred for larger wagons, which typically require a proportionally higher number of casters. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. In a similar difficulty to the United States, the decline of traditional Break and Familiale models in France was in no small part due to the intro of the minivan in the form of the Renault Espace in 1984. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. [26][page needed] In lieu of glass, side curtains of canvas could be unrolled. Station wagons have evolved from their early use as specialized vehicles to carry people and luggage to and from a train station, and have been marketed intercontinental. [26][page needed] In lieu of glass, side curtains of canvas could be unrolled. Looking for guest posts The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. The split-gate features an upward-swinging window combined with a downwards swinging tailgate, both manually operated. Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly adorned with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. In its essential form, therefore, the wagon has been in common use for about 2,000 years. -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. From French wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). Sense 9 (“woman of loose morals; obnoxious woman”) is credibly a derogatory and jocular reference to a woman being “ridden”, that is, mounted for the purpose of sexual intercourse. These shanties were spaced at about 12-mile (20 km) intervals, which was the usual distance for a team to travel in a day. The number of casters required for a wagon depends on caster type and load rating as well as the size, shape and weight of the wagon and scenery. Guest posts wanted A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an assembly of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. Submit guest article Lift jacks may be built into a wagon or onto a wagon's exterior, as circumstances dictate. The model was offered through the 1973 model year. The popularity of the station wagon - particularly full-size station wagons - in the United States was blunted by increased fuel prices caused by the 1973 oil crisis. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. [20][23] Then in 1983, the market for station wagons was further eroded by the Chrysler minivans, based on the K platform. [20] They were primitively called "depot hacks" because they worked around train depots as hacks (short for hackney carriage, as taxicabs were then known). Guest posters wanted Station wagons experienced the highest exhibition levels in the United States from the 1950s through the 1970s. It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. Guest post guidelines Nursery wagons let dirt and water go through the bottom and are good for plants and pots in a greenhouse. , can be loaded through a tailgate. It also allowed a much more robust connecter between the hauling traces of the oxen and the rear axle of the wagon (usually iron chain or rods) that is necessary for heavy haulage. The Cadillac CTS gave rise to a station wagon counterpart, the 2010 CTS Sportwagon, which defied the trend by offering almost as many trim levels as its sedan counterpart. 4 m) sheets of plywood or other panels with the rear seats folded. These shanties were spaced at about 12-mile (20 km) intervals, which was the usual distance for a team to travel in a day. [65] The Duett two-door wagon was formed as a dual-function delivery van and people-carrier and is based on the chassis of the PV444 and PV544 sedans. To effect a scenery change, a wagon is simply rolled offstage to remove it from the set or rolled onstage to its designated position to add it to the set. Guest post: [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. In its essential form, therefore, the wagon has been in common use for about 2,000 years. Other differences are more variable and can possibly include:. Subsequent GM big wagons reverted to the door-gate style for its full-size wagons. From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. As a result, rigid casters are preferred for larger wagons, which typically require a proportionally higher number of casters. Publish your guest post The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. Become guest writer The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. Also, if a foot iron is allowed to contact the stage while the wagon is being moved, the stage floor can be damaged. Drinking alcohol again after a period of abstention. The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. Consequently, it may be difficult or impossible to move a wagon that has a large number of swivel casters when the casters are unaligned. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. Which of the following is correct?. Wagons can be useful for moving dirt, wood chips, mulch, or gravel. Suggest a post In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. Some station wagons were closely derived from existing commercial van models, such as the Austin A30/35 Countryman and the Hillman Husky. Even larger freight wagons existed. International Harvester Auto-Buggy. Some companies, such as Speedway Express, make huge 8-wheeled wagons that are made of wood, usually handsewn by the Amish. In 1922, the Essex Closed Coach became the first mass-produced car to use a steel body (in this case, a fully enclosed sedan body style). Submit content Wooden wedges may be forced between the stage and the bottom edge of the wagon perimeter. Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. [20] As part of the overall trend in the automotive industry, wooden bodies were superseded by all-steel bodies due to their strength, cost, and enduringness. Improve your frame of reference with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.


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Station wagons have been marketed using the French term "break de chasse"[citation needed] (sometimes abbreviated to "break"), which translates as "hunting break", due to shared derivation with the shooting-brake body style. In most cases, the scenery is constructed on top of the wagon such that the wagon, and the scenery it supports, forms a single, integrated organise. Borrowed from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. The station wagon variants of the smaller Mercedes-Benz C-Class line-up were dropped in 2007 and the BMW 5 Series Touring models were discontinued in 2010, due to slow sales in the United States with only 400 wagons sold in 2009. The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. Abstaining from drinking alcohol. The framing of the wooden bodies was sheathed in steel[citation needed] and coated with tinted lacquer for tribute. The back axle usually contains 4 bolts, and the front varies among the different steering designs. Which of the following is correct?. The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. Guest post policy European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Become a contributor The trend since the 1980s for smaller station wagon bodies has limited the seating to two rows, resulting in a total mental ability of five people, or six people if a bench front seat is used. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". Submit guest article The four-wheeled dray or box wagon came into use after about 1860 for loads of 6 to 8 tons and was drawn by 16 to 18 bullocks. Models marketed as passenger station wagons in export markets were often sold as utilitarian "van" models in the home market. Air casters are sometimes used in place of rolling casters. The station wagon variants of the smaller Mercedes-Benz C-Class line-up were dropped in 2007 and the BMW 5 Series Touring models were discontinued in 2010, due to slow sales in the United States with only 400 wagons sold in 2009. Guest-blogger [33] GM eliminated the pillarless wagon from its lineup in 1959, while AMC and Ford exited the field beginning with their 1960 and 1961 vehicles, leaving Chrysler and Dodge with the body style through the 1964 model year. In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. Which of the following is correct?. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired slimly poetical connotations, so is not always used with subject field correctness. It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. Guest article A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. [38] In 2012, the Volvo V50 compact station wagon was reclusive from the U. Guest posters wanted A variety of other designs have been on the job in the past. Guest posters wanted Bullock wagons were important in the colonial history of Australia. Submit an article This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. The car could also 'kneel' to the ground for easy loading of heavy or large items. [citation needed] In 1990, the 700 Series was replaced by the Volvo 900 Series, which was sold alongside the smaller Volvo 850 wagon that was introduced one year later. Several manufacturers produced steel and wooden-bodied station wagons concurrently for several years. Sponsored post by These require pressurized air to operate, which produces audible hiss that is ineligible in some situations, and are typically more expensive than rolling casters, but they have the advantage of "locking" the scenery securely in place when depressurized and, like swivel casters, they permit spatial relation movement. Guest post opportunities The third and fourth rows were configured for two people each (although these seats were quite narrow in later models), giving a total seating capacity of ten people. Submit article As the number of swivel casters attached to a wagon increases, though, it becomes increasingly difficult to align them. Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly decorated with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. Station wagons produced in East Germany include the 1956–1965 Wartburg 311/312/313, the 1963–1990 Trabant 601 Universal, and the 1966–1988 Wartburg 353 Tourist. The first all-steel station wagon was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban, which was built on the chassis of a panel truck. The first station wagon produced in Sweden was the Volvo Duett, introduced in 1953. The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (High wheeler). Sign up for exclusive offers and latest news. GM added a notch in the rear bumper that acted as a step plate; to fill the gap, a small portion of the bumper was attached to the door-gate. This post was written by They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. The wagon weighs 15,000 pounds and is constructed of steel. General Motors began producing two-door station wagons in 1955 with the "Chevrolet Handyman" and the "Pontiac Chieftain". Which of the following is correct?. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. By the early 1960s, this arrangement was common on both full-size and compact wagons. Lift jacks may be built into a wagon or onto a wagon's exterior, as circumstances dictate. In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the two-door "Variant" body style of the Volkswagen Type 3 (also known as the Volkswagen 1500 - later the Volkswagen 1600). The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. [3] For 1969, Ford incorporated a design that allowed the rear glass to remain up or down when the door pivoted open on its side hinge, selling the system, which had been engineered by Donald N. The first station wagon by the South Korean maker was being released way back in 1995 as the Hyundai Avante Touring (Lantra Sportswagon), followed in early 1996 as the Kia Pride station wagon. Submit article The back axle usually contains 4 bolts, and the front varies among the different steering designs. The final wooden bodied station produced in the United States was the 1953 Buick Super Estate. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. In 2011, the Toyota Prius V introduced hybrid power to the compact wagon market, but was discontinued in 2017 to streamline the Toyota hybrid lineup and focus on the RAV4 Hybrid Crossover SUV. The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. In 1969, Popular Mechanics said, "Station wagon-style . Other differences are more variable and can possibly include:. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. 2Irish derogative An acerb or disliked woman. Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. Guest blogger guidelines In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. Subsequent GM big wagons reverted to the door-gate style for its full-size wagons. Guest post: [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. Also, if a foot iron is allowed to contact the stage while the wagon is being moved, the stage floor can be damaged. © Cambridge University Press 2021. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. An exception to this trend was the Subaru Legacy and Subaru Outback station wagon models, which continue to be produced at the Subaru of Indiana plant. Submit post The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. One animal or several, often in pairs or teams may pull wagons. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. A bullock team was led by a pair of well trained leaders who responded to verbal commands as they did not have reins or a bridle. Write for us Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. In 1997, Radio Flyer[1] made a huge wagon 27 feet (8. Toggle clamps, which are functionally similar to wagon brakes, are sometimes used in lieu of theatrical wagon brakes due to their higher load ratings and more durable construction. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. Submit guest post Subsequent GM big wagons reverted to the door-gate style for its full-size wagons. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Often the wagons where employed as a mobile munition called a laager, such as was the case at the Battle of Blood River. The Chevrolet Vega Kammback, introduced in September 1970, was the first U. An exception to this trend was the Subaru Legacy and Subaru Outback station wagon models, which continue to be produced at the Subaru of Indiana plant. Wagons were heavier than carts in construction, with a boxlike body that was useful for hauling freight and agricultural produce and a smoother ride due to the implicit stableness of being supported on four wheels rather than two. International Harvester Auto-Buggy. They can also be used in gardening for moving plants. Guest author Rover and Austin produced 4×4 canvas-topped utility vehicles in the 1950s that were ready in station wagon body styles that were sold as "Station Wagons". Guest post courtesy of [8] By the end of the 19th century, recovery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as promotion for the part business through the quality of the wagon. Wagons can be useful for moving dirt, wood chips, mulch, or gravel. Contributor guidelines The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. Doublet of wain (inherited from Old English wæġn) and related also to way, weigh. Manufacture of the wooden bodies was at first outsourced to custom coachbuilders,[27][28] because the production of the all-wood bodies was very time-consuming. These require pressurized air to operate, which produces audible hiss that is ineligible in some situations, and are typically more expensive than rolling casters, but they have the advantage of "locking" the scenery securely in place when depressurized and, like swivel casters, they permit spatial relation movement. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". [26][page needed] Also in 1929, J. Several German manufacturers have produced station wagon versions of high-performance models, such as the Audi RS4, Audi RS6, Mercedes-AMG C63, Mercedes-AMG E63, BMW M5 (E60/E61), Volkswagen Golf R and Volkswagen Passat R36 wagons. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. Become guest writer Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly adorned with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. After struggling sales, the Chevrolet Caprice and the Buick Roadmaster, the last American life-sized wagons, were discontinued in 1996. [citation needed] In 1990, the 700 Series was replaced by the Volvo 900 Series, which was sold alongside the smaller Volvo 850 wagon that was introduced one year later. Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. Become guest writer This section will discuss a broad summary of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. Want to contribute to our website [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting.


Scenery wagon guest blogger

The first Japanese station wagon was the 1969 Isuzu Bellel four-door wagon, based on a compact sedan chassis. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. Guest column From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a horse-drawn wagon with a water tank. A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. Guest poster wanted An average wagon is able to seat one child, and is generally propelled by human power through a handle at the front. [21] They also came to be known as "carryalls" and "suburbans". Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. Guest article Damage to the stage can be mitigated by using extension spindles with compliant (e. Some small kids' wagons are made completely out of plastic. Wagons can be useful for moving dirt, wood chips, mulch, or gravel. This post was written by [15] Prior to this, performance models of station wagons included the 1970 Ford Falcon (XY) 'Grand Sport' pack,[16] the 1973 Chevrolet Chevelle Malibu SS-454 and the 1992 BMW M5 (E34). Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. In the United States, early models with exposed wooden bodies became known as woodies. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. The first recorded use of an ox-wagon was around 1670,[citation needed] but they move to be used in some areas up to modern times. Where manually operated, the lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. The framing of the wooden bodies was sheathed in steel[citation needed] and coated with tinted lacquer for tribute. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. The concept of express wagons and of paneled delivery vans developed in the 19th century. Similar configurations became the standard on full-size and intermediate station wagons from GM, Ford, Chrysler, and AMC. A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. In warfare, large groups of supply wagons were used to support traveling armies with food and munitions, forming "baggage trains". The steam wagon, a self-powered dominion of the equine wagon, was a astonishingly late innovation, entering service only in the late ordinal century. [26][page needed] In lieu of glass, side curtains of canvas could be unrolled. [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for long-distance hauling. The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. They can also be used for moving camping gear or boxes. Guest blogger [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. Guest author In many markets, the station wagon models of the 700 Series significantly outsold the sedan models. The shape of the handle also can be different, some shaped like a T, others like a D, and some with a circle handhold at the end. A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an natural enclosure. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. Guest posts These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farm-place or market. The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. To lock the wagon in place, the free ends of the foot iron hinges are folded down and then secured to the stage with stage screws. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting. Guest post by When a pro-German Afrikaner subject organisation formed in 1939, to oppose South Africa's entry into World War II on the British side, it called itself the Ossewabrandwag (Ox-wagon Sentinel). The succeeding generation of GM's full-size station wagons returned to the upward-lifting rear window as had been used in the 1940s. The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. The verb is derived from the noun. Borrowed from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen,[1] from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos (“wagon, primitive carriage”), from *weǵʰ- (“to transport”). These require pressurized air to operate, which produces audible hiss that is ineligible in some situations, and are typically more expensive than rolling casters, but they have the advantage of "locking" the scenery securely in place when depressurized and, like swivel casters, they permit spatial relation movement. Since the 1990s, lifesize station wagons have been largely replaced by SUVs with three-row seating, such as the Chevrolet Suburban, Ford Expedition, Mercedes-Benz GL-Class, and Dodge Durango. Distinguishing features between hatchbacks and station wagons are:. When fully extended, the steel rod actually lifts a section of the wagon slightly off the stage floor. Swivel casters are commonly used on smaller wagons because of the flexible, omnidirectional mobility they offer. The first Australian-designed car was built in 1948 but locally designed station wagons did not appear until nine years later when the 1957 Holden FE was introduced. During the 9th century several extra improvements in harness and suspension led to a marked preference for wagons over carts as a means of passenger and long-distance transportation. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. The ossewa is mentioned in the first verse of "Die Stem", the Afrikaans poem which became South Africa's national anthem from 1957 to 1994. Submit a guest post The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. The car could also 'kneel' to the ground for easy loading of heavy or large items. These shanties were spaced at about 12-mile (20 km) intervals, which was the usual distance for a team to travel in a day. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Which of the following is correct?. He produced many of them in his workshop in Chicago and they became a nationalist hit after the 1933 Chicago World Fair. In 1969, Popular Mechanics said, "Station wagon-style . Manufacturers often chose a particularised model name to apply to all their station wagons cars as a marketing exercise — for example Austin used the Countryman name and Morris used the name Travellers. Several manufacturers produced steel and wooden-bodied station wagons concurrently for several years. 0 m) wide to celebrate the 80th anniversary of Radio Flyer. Sponsored post [3] For 1969, Ford incorporated a design that allowed the rear glass to remain up or down when the door pivoted open on its side hinge, selling the system, which had been engineered by Donald N. The concept of express wagons and of paneled speech vans developed in the 19th century. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). [20] As part of the overall trend in the automotive industry, wooden bodies were superseded by all-steel bodies due to their strength, cost, and enduringness. Guest post: to walk somewhere quickly with long steps. Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. Toggle clamps, which are functionally similar to wagon brakes, are sometimes used in lieu of theatrical wagon brakes due to their higher load ratings and more durable construction. Guest-post However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. By the early 1960s, this arrangement was common on both full-size and compact wagons. Guest posters wanted The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. Eventually, car manufacturers began producing their own station wagon designs. Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. It had a seating capacity of eight people, consisting of two front-facing bench seats and two folding inward-facing seats in the cargo area. © Cambridge University Press 2021. Saab began producing station wagons in 1959, in the form of the Saab 95 two-door wagon, which was based on the Saab 93 sedan. The exact name and terminology used is often reliant on the design or shape of the wagon. Publish your guest post In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for long-distance hauling. Guest post- Toy wagons have been around since the late 19th century, and are traditionally painted red. [8] By the end of the 19th century, delivery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as advert for the particular business through the quality of the wagon. After struggling sales, the Chevrolet Caprice and the Buick Roadmaster, the last American life-sized wagons, were discontinued in 1996. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. [38] In 2012, the Volvo V50 compact station wagon was reclusive from the U. In 1962, the Volvo Duett was replaced by a larger Amazon, which has a four-door body and a flat split tailgate. Early examples also had such features as pivoted front axles and linchpins to secure the wheels. The succeeding generation of GM's full-size station wagons returned to the upward-lifting rear window as had been used in the 1940s. Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). Contributing writer Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Submit content Station wagons experienced the highest exhibition levels in the United States from the 1950s through the 1970s. When traveling over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". Guest contributor guidelines Get a quick, free translation!. Guest post opportunities This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. An exception to this trend was the Subaru Legacy and Subaru Outback station wagon models, which continue to be produced at the Subaru of Indiana plant. More rigid curtains could be snapped in place to protect passengers from the atmospheric condition outside. A common form found throughout Europe is the ladder wagon [de], a large wagon the sides of which often consisted of ladders strapped in place to hold in hay or grain, though these could be removed to serve other needs. The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. Learn the words you need to put across with confidence.


Meaning of wagon in English: this is a guest post by

From French wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. Submit an article The Type 3's rear-engine layout was retained for the station wagon models, but the engine profile was flattened, resulting in a small car offering interior room, as well as trunk space in the front. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. Guest contributor guidelines The station wagon variants of the smaller Mercedes-Benz C-Class line-up were dropped in 2007 and the BMW 5 Series Touring models were discontinued in 2010, due to slow sales in the United States with only 400 wagons sold in 2009. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting. They carved the roads and built the rail; their friction power made populating the interior possible; their contributions to the harvesting of timber opened the bush; they offered a start in life to the enterprising youngster". Guest blogger [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. In South Africa, the ox-wagon was adopted as an Afrikaner cultural icon. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. Want to write a post A station wagon, also called an estate (UK) or simply wagon (US), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof protracted rearward[1] over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid. Guest poster wanted [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. Submit blog post Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly decorated with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. The 2015 VW Golf Sportwagen[42] was marketed as a sub-compact station wagon in the North American market. © Cambridge University Press 2021. Of the two body styles, a station wagon roof (viewed in profile) more likely extends to the very rearmost of the vehicle, enclosing a full-height cargo volume[7] — a hatchback roof (especially a liftback roof) is likely rake down steeply behind the C-Pillar, prioritizing style[1] over Interior volume or cargo capacity, sometimes having a shorter rear overhang and including smaller side windows (or no windows). The US CAFE standards provided an asset to minivans (and later SUVs) over station wagons, because the minivans and SUVs were classified as trucks in the United States, and therefore subject to less stringent fuel economy and emissions regulations. [26][page needed] Also in 1929, J. Some famous brands are Radio Flyer, Little Tikes, Red Rider, Northern Tool and Equipment, Lowe's, Cardinal, and Speedway Express. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics:. As the wooden bodies were replaced by steel bodies from 1945 to 1953, manufacturers applied wooden decorative trim to the steel-bodied wagons, as a visual link to the previous wooden style. , can be loaded through a tailgate. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. Horse wagon, with metal water tank, for irrigation, 2018. The back axle usually contains 4 bolts, and the front varies among the different steering designs. The successors to the ID, the Citroën CX and Citroën XM continued to be amongst the largest station wagon cars produced in Europe, but the model was discontinued in 2000 and a station wagon version was not addressable for its Citroën C6 successor. Toy wagons have been around since the late 19th century, and are traditionally painted red. The 1994 Audi RS2, industrial in conjunction with Porsche, is considered the world's first performance station wagon. In many markets, the station wagon models of the 700 Series significantly outsold the sedan models. Guest posting rules In 1956 Ford responded to the Nomad and Safari with its own sporty two-door wagon, The Ford Parklane. In its essential form, therefore, the wagon has been in common use for about 2,000 years. The model was offered through the 1973 model year. Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. The framing of the wooden bodies was sheathed in steel[citation needed] and coated with tinted lacquer for tribute. Guest article In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. [15] Prior to this, performance models of station wagons included the 1970 Ford Falcon (XY) 'Grand Sport' pack,[16] the 1973 Chevrolet Chevelle Malibu SS-454 and the 1992 BMW M5 (E34). Guest post policy South Korean manufacturer Kia produce both the Cee'd and Optima station wagons designated as Sportswagons with sister company Hyundai offering station wagon versions of the i30 and i40. Where manually operated, the lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. An ox-wagon traditionally made with the sides rising toward the rear of the wagon to resemble the lower jaw-bone of an animal is also known as a kakebeenwa (jaw-bone wagon). Swivel casters are commonly used on smaller wagons because of the flexible, omnidirectional mobility they offer. Some station wagons were closely derived from existing commercial van models, such as the Austin A30/35 Countryman and the Hillman Husky. Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. A scenery wagon, also known as a stage wagon, is a mobile platform that is used to support and emotional state movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage. The configuration appeared on the Studebaker Wagonaire station wagon and 2003 GMC Envoy XUV. Guest post opportunities In the latter case, the wagon must be immobilized after it has been positioned on the stage so that actors can safely interact with it (e. Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. [3] For 1969, Ford incorporated a design that allowed the rear glass to remain up or down when the door pivoted open on its side hinge, selling the system, which had been engineered by Donald N. Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. Submit blog post European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). This is a guest post by Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. Submit guest post These require pressurized air to operate, which produces audible hiss that is ineligible in some situations, and are typically more expensive than rolling casters, but they have the advantage of "locking" the scenery securely in place when depressurized and, like swivel casters, they permit spatial relation movement. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. There was a problem sending your report. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. A station wagon, also called an estate (UK) or simply wagon (US), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof protracted rearward[1] over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid. In 1969, Popular Mechanics said, "Station wagon-style . Sorry, we just need to make sure you're not a robot. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. In the United States, Ford's full-size station wagons for 1966 introduced a system marketed as "Magic Doorgate" — a conventional tailgate with retracting rear glass, where the tailgate could either fold down or pivot open on a side hinge — with the rear window backward in either case. Other differences are more variable and can possibly include:. For example, Plymouth continued display of wooden bodied station wagons until 1950. 4 m) sheets of plywood or other panels with the rear seats folded. These have a retractile rear roof section as well as a conventional rear tailgate that folded down to carry tall objects that would not fit other than. Blog for us [8] By the end of the 19th century, delivery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as advert for the particular business through the quality of the wagon. The verb is derived from the noun. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farmstead or market. Bullock wagons were important in the colonial history of Australia. When itinerant over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". During the American Civil War, these wagon trains would often be accompanied by the wagons of private merchants, known as sutlers, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. The 1994 Audi RS2, industrial in conjunction with Porsche, is considered the world's first performance station wagon. [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. [34] The Mercedes-Benz E63 AMG in Estate trim is a performance station wagon offered in the U. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. Guest-post A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on ground by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. © Cambridge University Press 2021. A wagon brake has a handle which, when pushed down, extends a steel rod down and onto the stage. Submit blog post The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. Station wagons were initially thoughtful commercial vehicles (rather than consumer automobiles) and the framing of the early[when?] station wagons was left unsheathed, due to the commercial nature of the vehicles. A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on chance by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. Submit your content Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Later in the decade, electric power was applied to the tailgate window—it could be operated from the driver's seat, as well as by the keyhole in the rear door. As the number of swivel casters attached to a wagon increases, though, it becomes increasingly difficult to align them. Later in the decade, electric power was applied to the tailgate window—it could be operated from the driver's seat, as well as by the keyhole in the rear door. Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (High wheeler). 2Irish derogative An acerb or disliked woman. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. The Ford Country Squire is a model that was easily recognized by its simulated wood trim[47][48] and the "Squire" trim level was an available option in a few different Ford model ranges, including the Falcon Squire, Fairlane Squire, and in the 1970s the Pinto Squire. Guest posting rules As the number of swivel casters attached to a wagon increases, though, it becomes increasingly difficult to align them. Manufacture of the wooden bodies was at first outsourced to custom coachbuilders,[27][28] because the production of the all-wood bodies was very time-consuming. The first station wagon by the South Korean maker was being released way back in 1995 as the Hyundai Avante Touring (Lantra Sportswagon), followed in early 1996 as the Kia Pride station wagon. When no downward force is applied to the lever handle, the wagon rests firmly on the stage; this effectively locks the wagon in place due to friction between the wagon platform and the stage. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. Some companies, such as Speedway Express, make huge 8-wheeled wagons that are made of wood, usually handsewn by the Amish. Wagons are immediately dignified from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheeled vehicles primarily for carrying people, such as carriages. Guest post guidelines Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. Submit post However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. [34] The Mercedes-Benz E63 AMG in Estate trim is a performance station wagon offered in the U. Which of the following is correct?. The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. These have a retractile rear roof section as well as a conventional rear tailgate that folded down to carry tall objects that would not fit other than. [8] By the end of the 19th century, recovery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as promotion for the part business through the quality of the wagon. However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. [34] The Mercedes-Benz E63 AMG in Estate trim is a performance station wagon offered in the U. Station wagons and hatchbacks have in common a two-box design configuration, a shared interior volume for passengers and cargo[6][7] and a rear door (often called a gate in the case of a wagon) that is hinged at roof level.


Scenery wagon sponsored post:

The front wheels are usually greater in diameter than the clearance under the tray of the vehicle so that the steering axle could not turn far under the tray. Station wagons can flexibly reconfigure their inside volume via fold-down rear seats to prioritize either passenger or cargo volume. General Motors adopted the rear-facing third row for most models during 1959-1971 and 1977–1996. Station wagons and hatchbacks have in common a two-box design configuration, a shared interior volume for passengers and cargo[6][7] and a rear door (often called a gate in the case of a wagon) that is hinged at roof level. Similar configurations became the standard on full-size and intermediate station wagons from GM, Ford, Chrysler, and AMC. These have a retractile rear roof section as well as a conventional rear tailgate that folded down to carry tall objects that would not fit other than. [25] The first all-steel station wagon body was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban. Guest post The first postwar station wagon to be based on a passenger car chassis was the 1949 Plymouth Suburban, which used a two-door body style. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. In 2017 station wagons accounted for 31% of all sold cars. A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an machine of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the two-door "Variant" body style of the Volkswagen Type 3 (also known as the Volkswagen 1500 - later the Volkswagen 1600). Guest post by Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. As a result, rigid casters are preferred for larger wagons, which typically require a proportionally higher number of casters. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. Sign up for exclusive offers and latest news. These have a retractile rear roof section as well as a conventional rear tailgate that folded down to carry tall objects that would not fit other than. In the latter case, the wagon must be immobilized after it has been positioned on the stage so that actors can safely interact with it (e. The exact name and terminology used is often reliant on the design or shape of the wagon. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. Submitting a guest post An exception to this trend was the Subaru Legacy and Subaru Outback station wagon models, which continue to be produced at the Subaru of Indiana plant. The concept of express wagons and of paneled speech vans developed in the 19th century. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. In 1997, Radio Flyer[1] made a huge wagon 27 feet (8. Become a contributor Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. There was a problem sending your report. Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. The steam wagon, a self-powered development of the equine wagon, was a surprisingly late innovation, entering service only in the late nineteenth century. These wagons are often volumed with a tilting cargo bed which allows the user to dump their cargo more easily, making them suitable for small farms. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. Damage to the stage can be mitigated by using extension spindles with compliant (e. The 2015 VW Golf Sportwagen[42] was marketed as a sub-compact station wagon in the North American market. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a paramount form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. In warfare, large groups of supply wagons were used to support traveling armies with food and munitions, forming "baggage trains". Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. Domestic wagons also remained in the Ford, Mercury, and Saturn lines. Guest posters wanted A number of methods and mechanisms are usually used to immobilize, or "lock" scenery wagons in place:. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. wagon (third-person singular simple present wagons, present verb wagoning, simple past and past participial wagoned). Which of the following is correct?. Station wagons have evolved from their early use as specialized vehicles to carry people and luggage to and from a train station, and have been marketed intercontinental. Get a quick, free translation!. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. Imported station wagons, despite remaining popular in other countries,[37] struggled in the United States. Which of the following is correct?. Which of the following is correct?. It describes a car with a passenger compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening gate or liftgate. Guest post by Wagons were produced in many sizes and types, and those used for the carrying of passengers were equipped with springs between the box and the running gear. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel together for support, navigation and aegis. Guest contributor guidelines A wagon brake has a handle which, when pushed down, extends a steel rod down and onto the stage. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. Even larger freight wagons existed. [8][9][10] Folding rear seats (in order to create a larger space for cargo) are also common on both station wagons and hatchbacks. Guest post by However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. Guest posting rules A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. Also, if a foot iron is allowed to contact the stage while the wagon is being moved, the stage floor can be damaged. Bullock wagons were important in the colonial history of Australia. Contributor guidelines A station wagon, also called an estate (UK) or simply wagon (US), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof protracted rearward[1] over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid. Writers wanted This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to dealing customers, often in urban settings. The third and fourth rows were configured for two people each (although these seats were quite narrow in later models), giving a total seating capacity of ten people. Chrysler's 1957 models had a roof too low to permit a forward-facing seat in the cargo area,[citation needed] so a rear-facing seat was used for the third row. Become an author Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. Blog for us However, after 2004 these compact station wagons also began to be phased out in the United States. Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. Other differences are more variable and can possibly include:. Wagons are usually painted in outdoor paint to prevent rusting, but all metal wagons will eventually get slightly beat-up and can then rust. During a convert to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for long-distance hauling. [8] By the end of the 19th century, delivery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as advert for the particular business through the quality of the wagon. His toy wagons helped bring people back from the thoughts of the looming war to their simple pleasures. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. James Percy FitzPatrick worked on those ox-wagons and delineate them in his famous 1907 book Jock of the Bushveld. The popularity of the station wagon - particularly full-size station wagons - in the United States was blunted by increased fuel prices caused by the 1973 oil crisis. [67] Following a hiatus in station wagon production since the Saab 95 ended human activity in 1978, the company introduced the four-door Saab 9-5 station wagon in 1997, which was produced until 2010. Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. [20] As part of the overall trend in the automotive industry, wooden bodies were superseded by all-steel bodies due to their strength, cost, and enduringness. From English waggon, from Dutch wagen. Station wagons remain popular in Japan, although they are in slow decline as the SUVs and minivans have taken over a large portion of this market. Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. However, a two-wheel "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Wagon brakes provide a very fast means of locking and unlocking wagons, but the brakes and stage can be damaged if the running crew attempts to move a wagon while its brakes are engaged. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. During a convert to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. The steam wagon, a self-powered development of the equine wagon, was a surprisingly late innovation, entering service only in the late nineteenth century. These wagons are often volumed with a tilting cargo bed which allows the user to dump their cargo more easily, making them suitable for small farms. Guest article The steam wagon, a self-powered development of the equine wagon, was a surprisingly late innovation, entering service only in the late nineteenth century. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of automobile. In the United States, Ford's full-size station wagons for 1966 introduced a system marketed as "Magic Doorgate" — a conventional tailgate with retracting rear glass, where the tailgate could either fold down or pivot open on a side hinge — with the rear window backward in either case. Submit your content When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). Toggle clamps, which are functionally similar to wagon brakes, are sometimes used in lieu of theatrical wagon brakes due to their higher load ratings and more durable construction. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. Drinking alcohol again after a period of abstention. Guest posting The car could also 'kneel' to the ground for easy loading of heavy or large items. [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. An exception to this trend was the Subaru Legacy and Subaru Outback station wagon models, which continue to be produced at the Subaru of Indiana plant. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for distant hauling. [20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. Ford's first factory-built wagon was the 1963 Ford Cortina. An ox-wagon traditionally made with the sides rising toward the rear of the wagon to resemble the lower jaw-bone of an animal is also known as a kakebeenwa (jaw-bone wagon). Competitors marketed their versions as a Drop and Swing or Dual Action Tailgate. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. Want to contribute to our website During the 9th century several extra improvements in harness and suspension led to a marked preference for wagons over carts as a means of passenger and long-distance transportation. The exact name and terminology used is often reliant on the design or shape of the wagon. Guest blogger [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver.


Meaning of wagon in English guest contributor guidelines

A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an natural enclosure. Become an author In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on ground by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. The body style transforms a cubage unit three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. Sponsored post The 2015 VW Golf Sportwagen[42] was marketed as a sub-compact station wagon in the North American market. As a result, rigid casters are preferred for larger wagons, which typically require a proportionally higher number of casters. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Contributing writer Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. Most of the load-carrying area was covered in canvas financed by wooden arches; the driver sat in the open on a wooden chest (Afrikaans: wakis). Submit post [20] As part of the overall trend in the automotive industry, wooden bodies were superseded by all-steel bodies due to their strength, cost, and enduringness. Scenery wagons are built in a wide range of sizes, ranging from less than one square foot up to the size of the playing area of the stage. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. Guest blogger Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. Which of the following is correct?. Sponsored post by Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. Horse wagon, with metal water tank, for irrigation, 2018. A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. Contribute to this site Learn the words you need to put across with confidence. Guest post policy The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. Contributing writer In France, almost all station wagon models are called a "Break", although the spelling is different from the English shooting brake. wagon m (plural wagons, diminutive wagonnetje n). South Korean manufacturers do not have a strong tradition in producing station wagons. Guest contributor guidelines Ford's first factory-built wagon was the 1963 Ford Cortina. These wagons are often volumed with a tilting cargo bed which allows the user to dump their cargo more easily, making them suitable for small farms. Station wagons were initially thoughtful commercial vehicles (rather than consumer automobiles) and the framing of the early[when?] station wagons was left unsheathed, due to the commercial nature of the vehicles. In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the two-door "Variant" body style of the Volkswagen Type 3 (also known as the Volkswagen 1500 - later the Volkswagen 1600). [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. In 1962, the Volvo Duett was replaced by a larger Amazon, which has a four-door body and a flat split tailgate. Contributing writer The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. Ox-wagons were also used in the United States. The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. Guest contributor guidelines In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. Guest poster wanted The verb is derived from the noun. Contribute to our site The Ford Country Squire is a model that was easily recognized by its simulated wood trim[47][48] and the "Squire" trim level was an available option in a few different Ford model ranges, including the Falcon Squire, Fairlane Squire, and in the 1970s the Pinto Squire. International Harvester Auto Wagon. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. Submit guest article [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. In 2017 station wagons accounted for 31% of all sold cars. Prior to 1956, the third-row seats were forward-facing. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired somewhat poetical connotations, so is not always used with technical correctitude. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. Guest posting Some were not updated for consecutive generations in a model's life in Japan. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. Guest posting guidelines The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an machine of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. Scenery wagons make up one of the four methods used to move scenery during the course of a theatre performance, the other three being "flying" (suspending) scenery from a fly system, elevating or lowering scenery on a stage lift, or "running" (manually carrying) the scenery. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. Which of the masses is correct?. They are also usually larger and more expensive. Cargo barriers may be used to prevent unsecured cargo from causing injuries in the event of sudden deceleration, collision, or a rollover. [20][23] Then in 1983, the market for station wagons was further eroded by the Chrysler minivans, based on the K platform. Wagons were produced in many sizes and types, and those used for the carrying of passengers were equipped with springs between the box and the running gear. The steam wagon, a self-powered dominion of the equine wagon, was a astonishingly late innovation, entering service only in the late ordinal century. The US CAFE standards provided an asset to minivans (and later SUVs) over station wagons, because the minivans and SUVs were classified as trucks in the United States, and therefore subject to less stringent fuel economy and emissions regulations. In many markets, the station wagon models of the 700 Series significantly outsold the sedan models. [8] By the end of the 19th century, recovery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as promotion for the part business through the quality of the wagon. As the number of swivel casters attached to a wagon increases, though, it becomes increasingly difficult to align them. As a common, eminent element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. The brake is released by raising its handle, thereby retracting the steel rod away from the stage. Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. [26][page needed] Also in 1929, J. Become guest writer A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. Manufacturers may delegate station wagons across various model lines with a proprietorship plate. Which of the following is correct?. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly technical. Slip bolts may be used to hold scenery wagons in position when high lateral strength is required and it is tolerable to drill holes in the stage. There was a problem sending your report. [20][23] Then in 1983, the market for station wagons was further eroded by the Chrysler minivans, based on the K platform. Raising the manual gate required a 5 lb pull via a appendage built-in to the top edge of the retractable gate. The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. Guest-blogger Ford's first factory-built wagon was the 1963 Ford Cortina. The pronunciation was likely influenced by French wagon, which was also borrowed from English. This configuration was common in the 1920s through the 1940s, and remained common on many models into the 1960s. Guest poster wanted [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. Guest-post After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. Want to write for [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. Later in the decade, electric power was applied to the tailgate window—it could be operated from the driver's seat, as well as by the keyhole in the rear door. Which of the following is correct?. Guest post: [9][10] Special forms of conveyance wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. As of 2019, Volkswagen announced the cancellation of the Sportwagen in the US market. It had a seating capacity of eight people, consisting of two front-facing bench seats and two folding inward-facing seats in the cargo area. Drinking alcohol again after a period of abstention. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. Want to write a post Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an agricultural or rural setting. Abstaining from drinking alcohol. It was a traditional form of transport, especially in Southern Africa but also in New Zealand and Australia. An ox-wagon traditionally made with the sides rising toward the rear of the wagon to resemble the lower jaw-bone of an animal is also known as a kakebeenwa (jaw-bone wagon). Guest-blogger Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons.


Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary, Synonyms, and Spanish to English Translator guest blogger guidelines

wagon (first-person possessive wagonku, second-person possessive wagonmu, third-person possessive wagonnya). Manufacturers often chose a particularised model name to apply to all their station wagons cars as a marketing exercise — for example Austin used the Countryman name and Morris used the name Travellers. Cargo barriers may be used to prevent unsecured cargo from causing injuries in the event of sudden deceleration, collision, or a rollover. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. [33] GM eliminated the pillarless wagon from its lineup in 1959, while AMC and Ford exited the field beginning with their 1960 and 1961 vehicles, leaving Chrysler and Dodge with the body style through the 1964 model year. The first postwar station wagon to be based on a passenger car chassis was the 1949 Plymouth Suburban, which used a two-door body style. It can carry water, liquid manure or other liquids, but not in turn in the same [12]. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. Contribute to this site From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. Want to write a post Its replacement, the 505 was available in both five-seat and seven-seat 'Familiale' versions. The main problem with wagons is rust. In the latter case, the wagon must be immobilized after it has been positioned on the stage so that actors can safely interact with it (e. The main problem with wagons is rust. A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. International Harvester Auto Wagon. [citation needed] In 1990, the 700 Series was replaced by the Volvo 900 Series, which was sold alongside the smaller Volvo 850 wagon that was introduced one year later. Which of the following is correct?. The trend since the 1980s for smaller station wagon bodies has limited the seating to two rows, resulting in a total mental ability of five people, or six people if a bench front seat is used. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. The brake is released by raising its handle, thereby retracting the steel rod away from the stage. The 2015 VW Golf Sportwagen[42] was marketed as a sub-compact station wagon in the North American market. wagon m (plural wagons, diminutive wagonnetje n). to walk somewhere quickly with long steps. Which of the followers is correct?. [21][34] While the K platform was also used for station wagon models (such as the Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries), the minivan would soon eclipse them in popularity. The verb is derived from the noun. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. Imported station wagons, despite remaining popular in other countries,[37] struggled in the United States. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. 1A vehicle used for transporting goods or another specific purpose. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. Guest poster wanted The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. The back wheels are usually substantially larger than the front ones and rigidly connected to the tray of the vehicle. As the wooden bodies were replaced by steel bodies from 1945 to 1953, manufacturers applied wooden decorative trim to the steel-bodied wagons, as a visual link to the previous wooden style. Add wagon to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Blog for us The coach variation was a later innovation, seemly a distinct form in the 16th century. The pronunciation was likely influenced by French wagon, which was also borrowed from English. A lift jack is fundamentally a lever that attaches to the scenery wagon platform with a hinge, with a caster mounted to the underside of the lever near the hinge. Bullock wagons were important in the colonial history of Australia. Reflecting the original purpose of transporting people and luggage between country estates and railway stations,[4] the body style is called an "estate car" or "estate" in the United Kingdom, or a "station wagon" in North America, New Zealand, Australia and Africa. © Cambridge University Press 2021. Domestic wagons also remained in the Ford, Mercury, and Saturn lines. The Cadillac CTS gave rise to a station wagon counterpart, the 2010 CTS Sportwagon, which defied the trend by offering almost as many trim levels as its sedan counterpart. Guest post: A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. After struggling sales, the Chevrolet Caprice and the Buick Roadmaster, the last American life-sized wagons, were discontinued in 1996. Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. The late 1950s through the mid-1960s was also the period of greatest variation in body styles, with models available without a B-pillar (called hardtop or pillarless models) or with a B-pillar, both in 2-door and 4-door variants. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. [65] The Duett two-door wagon was formed as a dual-function delivery van and people-carrier and is based on the chassis of the PV444 and PV544 sedans. Guest posts Which of the following is correct?. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". [3] Frequently comprising long trains of bullocks, yoked in pairs, they were used for hauling drays, wagon or jinker loads of goods and lumber prior to the construction of railways and the commencement of roads. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Which of the following is correct?. GM added a notch in the rear bumper that acted as a step plate; to fill the gap, a small portion of the bumper was attached to the door-gate. International Harvester Auto Wagon. Submit post From English waggon, from Dutch wagen. Contributing writer The main problem with wagons is rust. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the two-door "Variant" body style of the Volkswagen Type 3 (also known as the Volkswagen 1500 - later the Volkswagen 1600). wagon (first-person possessive wagonku, second-person possessive wagonmu, third-person possessive wagonnya). The steam wagon, a self-powered dominion of the equine wagon, was a astonishingly late innovation, entering service only in the late ordinal century. Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly decorated with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. Its replacement, the 505 was available in both five-seat and seven-seat 'Familiale' versions. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. In many markets, the station wagon models of the 700 Series significantly outsold the sedan models. Which of the following is correct?. In 1958, the Citroën ID Break (known as the Safari in English-speaking countries) was introduced, being larger than other French station wagon models and of similar size to the contemporary full-size station wagons from the United States. Guest contributor guidelines A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an machine of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a paramount form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. [13] The power operation of both upper glass and lower tailgate became regulation equipment in later model years. 0 m) wide to celebrate the 80th anniversary of Radio Flyer. Articles wanted The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. Accepting guest posts More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". However, the 1964–1972 Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser and 1964–1969 Buick Sport Wagon featured raised roof-lines beginning above the second-row seat and continued all the way to the rear tailgate, consequent in the third row of seats being forward-facing. It shared its wheelbase and length with Vega coupe versions and was produced in the 1971–1977 model years. Sponsored post Get a quick, free translation!. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. By the late 1950s, the wooden trim was replaced by "simulated wood" in the form of stick-on vinyl coverings. Ancient cultures such as the Mayans and the Aztecs had toy carts. [9][10] Special forms of delivery wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. Become an author Imported station wagons, despite remaining popular in other countries,[37] struggled in the United States. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. [26][page needed] Also in 1929, J. Guest posting Improve your frame of reference with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge. In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the two-door "Variant" body style of the Volkswagen Type 3 (also known as the Volkswagen 1500 - later the Volkswagen 1600). The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. Contribute to this site Cargo volume: Station wagons prioritize passenger and cargo volume — with windows beside the cargo volume. Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. Swivel casters are commonly used on smaller wagons because of the flexible, omnidirectional mobility they offer. The American Heritage Dictionary defines a station wagon as "an automobile with one or more rows of folding or obliterable seats behind the driver and no luggage room but an area behind the seats into which suitcases, parcels, etc. The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. The 1994 Audi RS2, industrial in conjunction with Porsche, is considered the world's first performance station wagon. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. Free delivery (2-3 days) on orders over £49. South Korean manufacturer Kia produce both the Cee'd and Optima station wagons designated as Sportswagons with sister company Hyundai offering station wagon versions of the i30 and i40. Get a quick, free translation!.


Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary, Synonyms, and Spanish to English Translator guest post

A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. Submit post Manufacturers often chose a particularised model name to apply to all their station wagons cars as a marketing exercise — for example Austin used the Countryman name and Morris used the name Travellers. Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. The first station wagons were built in around 1910, by independent manufacturers producing wooden custom bodies for the Ford Model T chassis. Where manually operated, the lower tailgate was counterbalanced by a torque rod similar to the torque rods used in holding a trunk lid open, requiring a 35 lb push to fully lower the gate. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a horse-drawn wagon with a water tank. The station wagon variants of the smaller Mercedes-Benz C-Class line-up were dropped in 2007 and the BMW 5 Series Touring models were discontinued in 2010, due to slow sales in the United States with only 400 wagons sold in 2009. Submit blog post [68] In 2005 a 'Sportwagon' version of the Saab 9-3 was introduced and produced until 2011. Contributor guidelines Which of the following is correct?. This gave them a very wide turning circle, the legacy of which are the broad, pleasant boulevards of cities such as Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, which are 120-foot (40 m) wide,[1] and Grahamstown, South Africa, which are "wide enough to turn an ox-wagon". His toy wagons helped bring people back from the thoughts of the looming war to their simple pleasures. Guest posting The 1994 Audi RS2, industrial in conjunction with Porsche, is considered the world's first performance station wagon. Submitting a guest post Ford ceased production of wagons in Australia when the Ford Falcon (BF) ended creation in 2010, largely due to the declining station wagon and large car market, but also following the 2004 introduction and sales success of the Ford Territory SUV. The popularity of the station wagon - particularly full-size station wagons - in the United States was blunted by increased fuel prices caused by the 1973 oil crisis. The last two-door wagon purchasable in America, the Volkswagen Fox,[citation needed] was interrupted in 1991. Submit content General Motors began producing two-door station wagons in 1955 with the "Chevrolet Handyman" and the "Pontiac Chieftain". For the best receive on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. The 'Familiale' version had a front bench seat, a forward-facing three-space bench seat in the middle, and a folding forward-facing three-seat bench in the rear, providing a versatile nine-seat car. Guest blogger guidelines Consequently, it may be difficult or impossible to move a wagon that has a large number of swivel casters when the casters are unaligned. A station wagon, also called an estate (UK) or simply wagon (US), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof protracted rearward[1] over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid. During the American Civil War, these wagon trains would often be attended by the wagons of private merchants, known as sutlers, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. Prior to 1956, the third-row seats were forward-facing. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. Which of the masses is correct?. Other woodie-style wagon models produced in important numbers include the 1984-1993 Jeep Grand Wagoneer,[49][50] 1957-1991 Mercury Colony Park, 1968-1988 Chrysler Town & Country, 1970-1990 Buick Estate, 1971-1992 Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser and 1969-1972 Chevrolet Kingswood Estate. , can be loaded through a tailgate. The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. Contribute to this site A wagon brake has a handle which, when pushed down, extends a steel rod down and onto the stage. Become an author The split-gate features an upward-swinging window combined with a downwards swinging tailgate, both manually operated. Scenery wagons are built in a wide range of sizes, ranging from less than one square foot up to the size of the playing area of the stage. The FD- and FE-Series Vauxhall Victors, built between 1966 and 1978, were very large cars by British standards and featured station wagon models in the style of an American station wagon with front and rear bench seats and large-capacity petrol engines. A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an machine of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly technical. [26][page needed] Also in 1929, J. Wagons were produced in many sizes and types, and those used for the carrying of passengers were equipped with springs between the box and the running gear. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. These shanties were spaced at about 12-mile (20 km) intervals, which was the usual distance for a team to travel in a day. The final wooden bodied station produced in the United States was the 1953 Buick Super Estate. Raising the manual gate required a 5 lb pull via a appendage built-in to the top edge of the retractable gate. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. The succeeding generation of GM's full-size station wagons returned to the upward-lifting rear window as had been used in the 1940s. Station wagons experienced the highest exhibition levels in the United States from the 1950s through the 1970s. During the American Civil War, these wagon trains would often be accompanied by the wagons of private merchants, known as sutlers, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters. Competitors marketed their versions as a Drop and Swing or Dual Action Tailgate. Later in the decade, electric power was applied to the tailgate window—it could be operated from the driver's seat, as well as by the keyhole in the rear door. During the American Civil War, these wagon trains would often be accompanied by the wagons of private merchants, known as sutlers, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters. The car could also 'kneel' to the ground for easy loading of heavy or large items. Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. Guest post courtesy of Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. Submit blog post In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a horse-drawn wagon with a water tank. Become guest writer Which of the following is correct?. In 2017 station wagons accounted for 31% of all sold cars. The succeeding generation of GM's full-size station wagons returned to the upward-lifting rear window as had been used in the 1940s. Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. When the lever handle is forced downward, however, the caster serves as a fulcrum to lift the wagon slightly above the stage, thus enabling the unit to be rolled. Submit post Consequently, it may be difficult or impossible to move a wagon that has a large number of swivel casters when the casters are unaligned. Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. They can also be used in gardening for moving plants. Station wagons have been marketed using the French term "break de chasse"[citation needed] (sometimes abbreviated to "break"), which translates as "hunting break", due to shared derivation with the shooting-brake body style. Submit blog post On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. Want to write a post Eventually, car manufacturers began producing their own station wagon designs. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. The last two-door wagon purchasable in America, the Volkswagen Fox,[citation needed] was interrupted in 1991. More rigid curtains could be snapped in place to protect passengers from the atmospheric condition outside. Manufacturers may delegate station wagons across various model lines with a proprietorship plate. The front wheels are usually greater in diameter than the clearance under the tray of the vehicle so that the steering axle could not turn far under the tray. Wagons can be useful for moving dirt, wood chips, mulch, or gravel. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly specialized. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. From French wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. There seems to be a problem complementary the request at present. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. Full-size General Motors 1971–1976 wagons — the Chevrolet Kingswood, Townsman, Brookwood, Bel Air, Impala, and Caprice Estates; Pontiac Safari and Grand Safari; Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser, and the Buick Estate models — featured a 'clam shell' design marketed as the Glide-away tailgate, also called a "disappearing" tailgate because when open, the follow was wholly out of view. Learn the words you need to put across with confidence. The main problem with wagons is rust. Contribute to this site Wagons were heavier than carts in construction, with a boxlike body that was useful for hauling freight and agricultural produce and a smoother ride due to the implicit stableness of being supported on four wheels rather than two. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel together for support, navigation and aegis. Guest post: The four-wheeled dray or box wagon came into use after about 1860 for loads of 6 to 8 tons and was drawn by 16 to 18 bullocks. The succeeding generation of GM's full-size station wagons returned to the upward-lifting rear window as had been used in the 1940s. 1A vehicle used for transporting goods or another specific purpose. In 1958, the Citroën ID Break (known as the Safari in English-speaking countries) was introduced, being larger than other French station wagon models and of similar size to the contemporary full-size station wagons from the United States. Guest post: Wagons are immediately distinguished from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheel vehicles in the main for carrying people, such as carriages. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics:. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (High wheeler). Guest article James Percy FitzPatrick worked on those ox-wagons and delineate them in his famous 1907 book Jock of the Bushveld. [56] General Motors also introduced the sportier Chevrolet Nomad and Pontiac Safari to their lineup in 1955. This was followed by the 1963 Mazda Familia, 1966 Toyota Corolla, 1967 Isuzu Florian, 1969 Mitsubishi Galant, 1973 Mitsubishi Lancer and 1974 Honda Civic wagons. Become guest writer The first all-steel station wagon was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban, which was built on the chassis of a panel truck. Most are on the same wheelbase, offer the same communicating and engine options, and the same comfort and convenience options. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. Guest posting The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. Submitting a guest post The 2015 VW Golf Sportwagen[42] was marketed as a sub-compact station wagon in the North American market. European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). Some were not updated for consecutive generations in a model's life in Japan. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. A variety of other designs have been on the job in the past. [34] The CTS wagon, especially in high-performance CTS-V trim, received positive reviews until it was discontinued in 2014. Submit blog post In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel together for support, navigation and aegis. International Harvester Auto-Buggy. They were originally made of wood.


Wagon in Wheelbarrows & Carts sponsored post by

[9][10] Special forms of delivery wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). Horse wagon, with metal water tank, for irrigation, 2018. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. [citation needed] In 1990, the 700 Series was replaced by the Volvo 900 Series, which was sold alongside the smaller Volvo 850 wagon that was introduced one year later. [29] The first mass-produced steel-bodied station wagon was the 1946 Willys Station Wagon, based on the chassis of the Jeep CJ-2A. Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. The emergence and quality of SUVs which closely approximate the traditional station wagon body style was a further blow. This gave them a very wide turning circle, the legacy of which are the broad, pleasant boulevards of cities such as Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, which are 120-foot (40 m) wide,[1] and Grahamstown, South Africa, which are "wide enough to turn an ox-wagon". Others, such as the Morris Travellers, the Austin Cambridge Countryman and the Standard Ten Companion were bespoke. This post was written by In France, almost all station wagon models are called a "Break", although the spelling is different from the English shooting brake. wagon (third-person singular simple present wagons, present verb wagoning, simple past and past participial wagoned). Bullocks were preferred by many explorers and teamsters because they were cheaper, quieter, tougher and more easily maintained than horses therefore making them more popular for draught work. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Manufacture of the wooden bodies was at first outsourced to custom coachbuilders,[27][28] because the production of the all-wood bodies was very time-consuming. It had a seating capacity of eight people, consisting of two front-facing bench seats and two folding inward-facing seats in the cargo area. A variety of other designs have been on the job in the past. [32] The pillarless models could be expensive to produce, added wind noise, and created functional issues with body torque. Contribute to our site One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. Some small kids' wagons are made completely out of plastic. Wagons are immediately dignified from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheeled vehicles primarily for carrying people, such as carriages. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting. Contribute to our site Which of the followers is correct?. Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". Most are on the same wheelbase, offer the same communicating and engine options, and the same comfort and convenience options. They were originally made of wood. Guest-post As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. GM added a notch in the rear bumper that acted as a step plate; to fill the gap, a small portion of the bumper was attached to the door-gate. A number of methods and mechanisms are usually used to immobilize, or "lock" scenery wagons in place:. Domestic wagons also remained in the Ford, Mercury, and Saturn lines. They carved the roads and built the rail; their friction power made populating the interior possible; their contributions to the harvesting of timber opened the bush; they offered a start in life to the enterprising youngster". Raising the manual gate required a 5 lb pull via a appendage built-in to the top edge of the retractable gate. The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics:. Guest-post -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. This gave them a very wide turning circle, the legacy of which are the broad, pleasant boulevards of cities such as Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, which are 120-foot (40 m) wide,[1] and Grahamstown, South Africa, which are "wide enough to turn an ox-wagon". The last two-door wagon purchasable in America, the Volkswagen Fox,[citation needed] was interrupted in 1991. If it has a permanent top enclosing it, it may be called a "van". Sorry, we just need to make sure you're not a robot. The first recorded use of an ox-wagon was around 1670,[citation needed] but they move to be used in some areas up to modern times. The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. These have a retractile rear roof section as well as a conventional rear tailgate that folded down to carry tall objects that would not fit other than. Sponsored post by Other woodie-style wagon models produced in important numbers include the 1984-1993 Jeep Grand Wagoneer,[49][50] 1957-1991 Mercury Colony Park, 1968-1988 Chrysler Town & Country, 1970-1990 Buick Estate, 1971-1992 Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser and 1969-1972 Chevrolet Kingswood Estate. A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on ground by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. The Ford and Holden wagons were usually built on a longer wheelbase than their sedan counterparts, until the introduction of the Holden Commodore (VE) which switched to sharing the sedan's shorter wheelbase. Sponsored post [34] The CTS wagon, especially in high-performance CTS-V trim, received positive reviews until it was discontinued in 2014. The model was offered through the 1973 model year. The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. [3] For 1969, Ford incorporated a design that allowed the rear glass to remain up or down when the door pivoted open on its side hinge, selling the system, which had been engineered by Donald N. Bullock wagons were important in the colonial history of Australia. Writers wanted Several German manufacturers have produced station wagon versions of high-performance models, such as the Audi RS4, Audi RS6, Mercedes-AMG C63, Mercedes-AMG E63, BMW M5 (E60/E61), Volkswagen Golf R and Volkswagen Passat R36 wagons. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. 2Irish derogative An acerb or disliked woman. [20][23] Then in 1983, the market for station wagons was further eroded by the Chrysler minivans, based on the K platform. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farm-place or market. Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). A station wagon, also called an estate (UK) or simply wagon (US), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof protracted rearward[1] over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid. follows that of the production sedan of which it is the opposite number. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. It describes a car with a passenger compartment that extends to the back of the vehicle, that has no trunk, that has one or more rear seats that can be folded making space for carrying cargo, as well as featuring an opening gate or liftgate. The 2015 VW Golf Sportwagen[42] was marketed as a sub-compact station wagon in the North American market. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. Become a guest blogger The trend since the 1980s for smaller station wagon bodies has limited the seating to two rows, resulting in a total mental ability of five people, or six people if a bench front seat is used. Become a contributor A bullock team was led by a pair of well trained leaders who responded to verbal commands as they did not have reins or a bridle. Most are on the same wheelbase, offer the same communicating and engine options, and the same comfort and convenience options. Guest posting guidelines Swivel casters are commonly used on smaller wagons because of the flexible, omnidirectional mobility they offer. Become a contributor Volvo station wagons produced since the mid-1990s are the Volvo V40, Volvo V50, Volvo V60, Volvo V70, and Volvo V90, with the V40, V60, and V90 models currently in production. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. There was a problem sending your report. These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. Doublet of wain (inherited from Old English wæġn) and related also to way, weigh. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. Want to write for In 1962, the Volvo Duett was replaced by a larger Amazon, which has a four-door body and a flat split tailgate. Blog for us International Harvester Auto Wagon. The back axle usually contains 4 bolts, and the front varies among the different steering designs. Guest post guidelines Wagons are immediately distinguished from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheel vehicles in the main for carrying people, such as carriages. On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. Station wagons were initially thoughtful commercial vehicles (rather than consumer automobiles) and the framing of the early[when?] station wagons was left unsheathed, due to the commercial nature of the vehicles. Ancient cultures such as the Mayans and the Aztecs had toy carts. [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. From French wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. Station wagons experienced the highest exhibition levels in the United States from the 1950s through the 1970s. [61] German-designed station wagons are currently produced by Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel and Volkswagen. Wagons can be useful for moving dirt, wood chips, mulch, or gravel. However, after 2004 these compact station wagons also began to be phased out in the United States. The final wooden bodied station produced in the United States was the 1953 Buick Super Estate. Others, such as the Morris Travellers, the Austin Cambridge Countryman and the Standard Ten Companion were bespoke. Guest author [54] In 1956, Studebaker introduced three new two-door wagons in Pelham, Parkview, and Pinehurst trims. Other differences are more variable and can possibly include:. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. The first station wagons were built in around 1910, by independent manufacturers producing wooden custom bodies for the Ford Model T chassis. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel together for support, navigation and aegis. The pronunciation was likely influenced by French wagon, which was also borrowed from English. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. Want to write an article from Ford and Vauxhall were limited to factory-approved aftermarket conversions of the Ford Consul and Vauxhall Cresta, until the factory-built Vauxhall Victor wagon was introduced in 1958. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly specialized. Traction engine with living van. The 1994 Audi RS2, industrial in conjunction with Porsche, is considered the world's first performance station wagon. Station wagons have evolved from their early use as specialized vehicles to carry people and luggage to and from a train station, and have been marketed intercontinental. 0 m) wide to celebrate the 80th anniversary of Radio Flyer. [13] The power operation of both upper glass and lower tailgate became regulation equipment in later model years. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly technical. [9][10] Special forms of conveyance wagon include an ice wagon and a milk wagon. South Korean manufacturer Kia produce both the Cee'd and Optima station wagons designated as Sportswagons with sister company Hyundai offering station wagon versions of the i30 and i40. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. As the wooden bodies were replaced by steel bodies from 1945 to 1953, manufacturers applied wooden decorative trim to the steel-bodied wagons, as a visual link to the previous wooden style. Most of the load-carrying area was covered in canvas financed by wooden arches; the driver sat in the open on a wooden chest (Afrikaans: wakis). Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings.


Wagon in Wheelbarrows & Carts submit blog post

Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). The first all-steel station wagon was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban, which was built on the chassis of a panel truck. Some companies, such as Speedway Express, make huge 8-wheeled wagons that are made of wood, usually handsewn by the Amish. The trend since the 1980s for smaller station wagon bodies has limited the seating to two rows, resulting in a total mental ability of five people, or six people if a bench front seat is used. Models marketed as passenger station wagons in export markets were often sold as utilitarian "van" models in the home market. Guest poster wanted The Cadillac CTS gave rise to a station wagon counterpart, the 2010 CTS Sportwagon, which defied the trend by offering almost as many trim levels as its sedan counterpart. Most of the load-carrying area was covered in canvas financed by wooden arches; the driver sat in the open on a wooden chest (Afrikaans: wakis). The Type 3's rear-engine layout was retained for the station wagon models, but the engine profile was flattened, resulting in a small car offering interior room, as well as trunk space in the front. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. After the merger of Nash and Hudson, the new company, American Motors (AMC) reintroduced the two-door wagon in the "new" Rambler American line in 1958. [33] GM eliminated the pillarless wagon from its lineup in 1959, while AMC and Ford exited the field beginning with their 1960 and 1961 vehicles, leaving Chrysler and Dodge with the body style through the 1964 model year. In the United States, Ford's full-size station wagons for 1966 introduced a system marketed as "Magic Doorgate" — a conventional tailgate with retracting rear glass, where the tailgate could either fold down or pivot open on a side hinge — with the rear window backward in either case. Many modern station wagons have an upward-swinging, full-width, full-height rear door supported on gas springs — often where the rear window can swing up independently. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. However, the 1964–1972 Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser and 1964–1969 Buick Sport Wagon featured raised roof-lines beginning above the second-row seat and continued all the way to the rear tailgate, consequent in the third row of seats being forward-facing. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. [26][page needed] In lieu of glass, side curtains of canvas could be unrolled. They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. Which of the following is correct?. However, after 2004 these compact station wagons also began to be phased out in the United States. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. When itinerant over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". The pronunciation was likely influenced by French wagon, which was also borrowed from English. Various caster types are used on scenery wagons. They are also usually larger and more expensive. As the number of swivel casters attached to a wagon increases, though, it becomes increasingly difficult to align them. With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a horse-drawn wagon with a water tank. Submit content This gave them a very wide turning circle, the legacy of which are the broad, pleasant boulevards of cities such as Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, which are 120-foot (40 m) wide,[1] and Grahamstown, South Africa, which are "wide enough to turn an ox-wagon". During the 9th century several extra improvements in harness and suspension led to a marked preference for wagons over carts as a means of passenger and long-distance transportation. The Ford Taurus wagon was interrupted in 2005 and the Ford Focus station wagon was out of print in 2008. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). Ford and Holden produced wagon models based on each generation of their large sedan platforms until 2010. There seems to be a problem complementary the request at present. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. This gave them a very wide turning circle, the legacy of which are the broad, pleasant boulevards of cities such as Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, which are 120-foot (40 m) wide,[1] and Grahamstown, South Africa, which are "wide enough to turn an ox-wagon". [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. Borrowed from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen,[1] from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos (“wagon, primitive carriage”), from *weǵʰ- (“to transport”). Submitting a guest post Borrowed from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. from Ford and Vauxhall were limited to factory-approved aftermarket conversions of the Ford Consul and Vauxhall Cresta, until the factory-built Vauxhall Victor wagon was introduced in 1958. Some small kids' wagons are made completely out of plastic. There was a problem sending your report. Many modern station wagons have an upward-swinging, full-width, full-height rear door supported on gas springs — often where the rear window can swing up independently. Also, if a foot iron is allowed to contact the stage while the wagon is being moved, the stage floor can be damaged. Various caster types are used on scenery wagons. Station wagons have evolved from their early use as specialized vehicles to carry people and luggage to and from a train station, and have been marketed intercontinental. These wooden bodies necessary constant maintenance: varnishes requisite re-coating and expansion/contraction of the wood meant that bolts and screws required cyclic re-tightening. [21] They also came to be known as "carryalls" and "suburbans". A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. Wooden wedges may be forced between the stage and the bottom edge of the wagon perimeter. Prior to 1956, the third-row seats were forward-facing. Scenery wagons are built in a wide range of sizes, ranging from less than one square foot up to the size of the playing area of the stage. Since the 1930s, the term shooting-brake (originally a term for hunting vehicles) has been an alternative, if now rarely used, the term for station wagons in the UK. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. To effect a scenery change, a wagon is simply rolled offstage to remove it from the set or rolled onstage to its designated position to add it to the set. The concept of express wagons and of paneled delivery vans developed in the 19th century. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farm-place or market. However, these vehicles had fewer trim and power train levels than their sedan counterparts. A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired slimly poetical connotations, so is not always used with subject field correctness. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. During a convert to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. Want to write an article The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. The first postwar station wagon to be based on a passenger car chassis was the 1949 Plymouth Suburban, which used a two-door body style. The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. The 1994 Audi RS2, industrial in conjunction with Porsche, is considered the world's first performance station wagon. Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". [21][34] While the K platform was also used for station wagon models (such as the Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries), the minivan would soon eclipse them in popularity. Guest posting The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. [25] The first all-steel station wagon body was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban. Station wagons have been marketed using the French term "break de chasse"[citation needed] (sometimes abbreviated to "break"), which translates as "hunting break", due to shared derivation with the shooting-brake body style. Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. Improve your frame of reference with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge. Which of the following is correct?. Write for us The choice of caster type for any particular wagon depends on a number of factors, including platform size and shape, scenery weight, production esthetics and budget. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. Nursery wagons are available just for professional gardening. Cargo barriers may be used to prevent unsecured cargo from causing injuries in the event of sudden deceleration, collision, or a rollover. Some station wagons were closely derived from existing commercial van models, such as the Austin A30/35 Countryman and the Hillman Husky. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. Scenery wagons make up one of the four methods used to move scenery during the course of a theatre performance, the other three being "flying" (suspending) scenery from a fly system, elevating or lowering scenery on a stage lift, or "running" (manually carrying) the scenery. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. Sign up for exclusive offers and latest news. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. The first Japanese station wagon was the 1969 Isuzu Bellel four-door wagon, based on a compact sedan chassis. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. Guest posting An exception to this trend was the Subaru Legacy and Subaru Outback station wagon models, which continue to be produced at the Subaru of Indiana plant. [26][page needed] Also in 1929, J. Want to write a post Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. In 1958, the Citroën ID Break (known as the Safari in English-speaking countries) was introduced, being larger than other French station wagon models and of similar size to the contemporary full-size station wagons from the United States. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Want to write an article Ox-wagons were also used in the United States. Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. The brake is released by raising its handle, thereby retracting the steel rod away from the stage. [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. © Cambridge University Press 2021. Submit article Some companies, such as Speedway Express, make huge 8-wheeled wagons that are made of wood, usually handsewn by the Amish. It has become common for station wagons to use a weapons platform shared with other body styles, resulting in many shared components (such as chassis, engine, transmission, bodywork forward of the A-pillar, internal features, and nonobligatory features) being used for the wagon, sedan and car variants of the model range. Which of the following is correct?. A toy wagon has the same structure as the traditional, larger wagon, but is much smaller and has an open top. [20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". In warfare, large groups of supply wagons were used to support traveling armies with food and munitions, forming "baggage trains". Guest blogger In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. As a common, important element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. Ford and Vauxhall produced factory-built station wagon variants of all three of their various core models (small-, mid- and large-size cars) by the 1970s. Germany is the largest market for station wagons in the world, with some 600–700,000 vehicles sold each year - amounting to 20% of all car sales. [8][9][10] Folding rear seats (in order to create a larger space for cargo) are also common on both station wagons and hatchbacks. In France, almost all station wagon models are called a "Break", although the spelling is different from the English shooting brake. A toy wagon has the same structure as the traditional, larger wagon, but is much smaller and has an open top.


Micro Wagon Classic: Black guest post opportunities

Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. Submit guest article As a common, eminent element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. Sponsored post The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. Reflecting the original purpose of transporting people and luggage between country estates and railway stations,[4] the body style is called an "estate car" or "estate" in the United Kingdom, or a "station wagon" in North America, New Zealand, Australia and Africa. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. This is a guest post by , walk, stand, or jump on it) without causing the wagon to move. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. Submit an article In a similar difficulty to the United States, the decline of traditional Break and Familiale models in France was in no small part due to the intro of the minivan in the form of the Renault Espace in 1984. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for distant hauling. , can be loaded through a tailgate. The Ford Taurus wagon was interrupted in 2005 and the Ford Focus station wagon was out of print in 2008. A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. Guest post policy These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. The 900 Series ended production in 1998 and its successor (the Volvo S80) did not include any wagon models. Write for us A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. Some small kids' wagons are made completely out of plastic. On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. Ancient cultures such as the Mayans and the Aztecs had toy carts. Sponsored post Get a quick, free translation!. [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon (High wheeler). Become an author [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telecom and even observance ballooning. The wagon weighs 15,000 pounds and is constructed of steel. Submit guest post Manufacturers may delegate station wagons across various model lines with a proprietorship plate. [20] They were primitively called "depot hacks" because they worked around train depots as hacks (short for hackney carriage, as taxicabs were then known). Which of the chase is correct?. This is a reliable method for immobilizing wagons, but it creates holes in the stage and can slow the process of locking and unlocking a wagon. Contributor guidelines Scenery wagons are built in a wide range of sizes, ranging from less than one square foot up to the size of the playing area of the stage. Early[when?] station wagons were fixed-roof vehicles, but lacked the glass that would unremarkably enclose the passenger compartment, and had only bench seats. Guest post policy Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. Imported station wagons, despite remaining popular in other countries,[37] struggled in the United States. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. The third and fourth rows were configured for two people each (although these seats were quite narrow in later models), giving a total seating capacity of ten people. The shape of the handle also can be different, some shaped like a T, others like a D, and some with a circle handhold at the end. Which of the following is correct?. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Get a quick, free translation!. Wagon, four-wheeled vehicle designed to be drawn by draft animals and known to have been used as early as the 1st century bc, incorporating such earlier innovations as the spoked wheel and metal wheel rim. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. The wagon weighs 15,000 pounds and is constructed of steel. [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". [26][page needed] Also in 1929, J. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. Full-size General Motors 1971–1976 wagons — the Chevrolet Kingswood, Townsman, Brookwood, Bel Air, Impala, and Caprice Estates; Pontiac Safari and Grand Safari; Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser, and the Buick Estate models — featured a 'clam shell' design marketed as the Glide-away tailgate, also called a "disappearing" tailgate because when open, the follow was wholly out of view. The first all-steel station wagon was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban, which was built on the chassis of a panel truck. [72] Production of wagons in Australia ceased totally in 2017 when the Holden Commodore (VF) ended production. In 1983, station wagons represented 15% of the traveler car market,[71] reflective a trend throughout Europe of increasing popularity through the 1980s, with the vehicles proper less cargo-oriented. Other wagons produced in Australia include the smaller Toyota Camry and Mitsubishi Magna. Also, if a foot iron is allowed to contact the stage while the wagon is being moved, the stage floor can be damaged. The Ford Taurus wagon was interrupted in 2005 and the Ford Focus station wagon was out of print in 2008. Contributor guidelines A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for distant hauling. [8] By the end of the 19th century, recovery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as promotion for the part business through the quality of the wagon. Some station wagons were closely derived from existing commercial van models, such as the Austin A30/35 Countryman and the Hillman Husky. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. A bullock team was led by a pair of well trained leaders who responded to verbal commands as they did not have reins or a bridle. Guest posting guidelines [21][34] While the K platform was also used for station wagon models (such as the Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries), the minivan would soon eclipse them in popularity. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. More rigid curtains could be snapped in place to protect passengers from the atmospheric condition outside. Guest posters wanted Even larger freight wagons existed. Guest posts wanted More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. The clam shell design required no increased expanse or combat-ready area to open, allowing a user to stand at the cargo opening without the impediment of a door — for example, in a closed garage. Publish your guest post The choice of caster type for any particular wagon depends on a number of factors, including platform size and shape, scenery weight, production esthetics and budget. The late 1950s through the mid-1960s was also the period of greatest variation in body styles, with models available without a B-pillar (called hardtop or pillarless models) or with a B-pillar, both in 2-door and 4-door variants. Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. The bolts are mounted to the wagon base and, when the wagon is in position, the bolts are lowered into their designated, predrilled holes. Imported station wagons, despite remaining popular in other countries,[37] struggled in the United States. Write for us Daewoo Motor followed suit a year later with the first-generation Nubira. The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). Guest posting People also use toy wagons for small, outdoor projects. Submitting a guest post Which of the following is correct?. In 1923 Star (a division of Durant Motors) became the first car company to offer a station wagon collected on its presentation line (using a wooden wagon body shipped in from an outside supplier). Guest post opportunities A wagon or waggon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on ground by humans, used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people. Guest-post Lift jacks may be built into a wagon or onto a wagon's exterior, as circumstances dictate. [56] General Motors also introduced the sportier Chevrolet Nomad and Pontiac Safari to their lineup in 1955. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". Consequently, it may be difficult or impossible to move a wagon that has a large number of swivel casters when the casters are unaligned. Farm wagons are built for general multi-purpose usage in an cultivation or rural setting. The Ford Country Squire is a model that was easily recognized by its simulated wood trim[47][48] and the "Squire" trim level was an available option in a few different Ford model ranges, including the Falcon Squire, Fairlane Squire, and in the 1970s the Pinto Squire. The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. A toy wagon has the same structure as the traditional, larger wagon, but is much smaller and has an open top. However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. Sponsored post by Models marketed as passenger station wagons in export markets were often sold as utilitarian "van" models in the home market. If it has a permanent top introduction it, it may be called a "van". [8][9][10] Folding rear seats (in order to create a larger space for cargo) are also common on both station wagons and hatchbacks. The framing of the wooden bodies was sheathed in steel[citation needed] and coated with tinted lacquer for tribute. Scenery wagons are built in a wide range of sizes, ranging from less than one square foot up to the size of the playing area of the stage. [20] As part of the overall trend in the automotive industry, wooden bodies were superseded by all-steel bodies due to their strength, cost, and enduringness. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. Prior to 1956, the third-row seats were forward-facing. Competitors marketed their versions as a Drop and Swing or Dual Action Tailgate. Submit your content However, the 1964–1972 Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser and 1964–1969 Buick Sport Wagon featured raised roof-lines beginning above the second-row seat and continued all the way to the rear tailgate, consequent in the third row of seats being forward-facing. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. Become guest writer As a common, important element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. Saab began producing station wagons in 1959, in the form of the Saab 95 two-door wagon, which was based on the Saab 93 sedan. The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. Animals such as horses, mules, or oxen usually pull wagons. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. As a common, eminent element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. Sponsored post: Some larger station wagon models are available with a third row of seats, such as the rear-facing jump seat for two passengers in the cargo area of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class wagon. [3] Frequently comprising long trains of bullocks, yoked in pairs, they were used for hauling drays, wagon or jinker loads of goods and lumber prior to the construction of railways and the commencement of roads. The steam wagon, a self-powered dominion of the equine wagon, was a astonishingly late innovation, entering service only in the late ordinal century. Guest blogger [8] By the end of the 19th century, delivery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as advert for the particular business through the quality of the wagon. Sponsored post He produced many of them in his workshop in Chicago and they became a nationalist hit after the 1933 Chicago World Fair. Which of the following is correct?.


Wagon in Wheelbarrows & Carts guest posting

Guest posts Early examples also had such features as pivoted front axles and linchpins to secure the wheels. Horse wagon, with metal water tank, for irrigation, 2018. His toy wagons helped bring people back from the thoughts of the looming war to their simple pleasures. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. If low and sideless it may be called a dray, trolley or float. Want to contribute to our website The first Japanese station wagon was the 1969 Isuzu Bellel four-door wagon, based on a compact sedan chassis. A scenery wagon, also known as a stage wagon, is a mobile platform that is used to support and emotional state movable, three-dimensional theatrical scenery on a theater stage. Which of the following is correct?. [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. Publish your guest post The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. Antonio Pasin started making wagons in 1917 and eventually started the Radio Flyer company. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Some were not updated for consecutive generations in a model's life in Japan. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). The third and fourth rows were configured for two people each (although these seats were quite narrow in later models), giving a total seating capacity of ten people. In early days the flexible two-wheeled dray, with a centre pole and narrow 3-inch (8 cm) iron tyres was commonly used. Guest posting guidelines The ossewa is mentioned in the first verse of "Die Stem", the Afrikaans poem which became South Africa's national anthem from 1957 to 1994. Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. During a change to mechanized vehicles from animal powered, the term wagon was sometimes used such as with the Duryea Motor Wagon. The Chevrolet Vega Kammback, introduced in September 1970, was the first U. [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. Later in the decade, electric power was applied to the tailgate window—it could be operated from the driver's seat, as well as by the keyhole in the rear door. The body style transforms a cubage unit three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. Station wagons remain popular in Japan, although they are in slow decline as the SUVs and minivans have taken over a large portion of this market. For example, Plymouth continued display of wooden bodied station wagons until 1950. The bottom end of the rod has a threaded cavity that will accept an extension spindle, which in turn can be used to adjust the height of the wagon above the stage. The Ford and Mercury full-size wagons built after 1964 were available with four rows of seats, with the rear two rows in the cargo area and facing each other. Submit post [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Sense 9 (“woman of loose morals; obnoxious woman”) is credibly a derogatory and jocular reference to a woman being “ridden”, that is, mounted for the purpose of sexual intercourse. Several manufacturers produced steel and wooden-bodied station wagons concurrently for several years. To effect a scenery change, a wagon is simply rolled offstage to remove it from the set or rolled onstage to its designated position to add it to the set. Damage to the stage can be mitigated by using extension spindles with compliant (e. Station wagons and hatchbacks have in common a two-box design configuration, a shared interior volume for passengers and cargo[6][7] and a rear door (often called a gate in the case of a wagon) that is hinged at roof level. The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. South Korean manufacturer Kia produce both the Cee'd and Optima station wagons designated as Sportswagons with sister company Hyundai offering station wagon versions of the i30 and i40. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. In the latter case, the wagon must be immobilized after it has been positioned on the stage so that actors can safely interact with it (e. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly specialized. The brake is released by raising its handle, thereby retracting the steel rod away from the stage. The coach variation was a later innovation, seemly a distinct form in the 16th century. The Voortrekkers used ox-wagons (Afrikaans: Ossewa) during the Great Trek north and north-east from the Cape Colony in the 1830s and 1840s. Wain can also be a verb, to carry or deliver, and has other meanings. A variety of other designs have been on the job in the past. The concept of express wagons and of paneled delivery vans developed in the 19th century. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of automobile. , walk, stand, or jump on it) without causing the wagon to move. The late 1950s through the mid-1960s was also the period of greatest variation in body styles, with models available without a B-pillar (called hardtop or pillarless models) or with a B-pillar, both in 2-door and 4-door variants. Bullock wagons were important in the colonial history of Australia. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. The steam wagon, a self-powered dominion of the equine wagon, was a astonishingly late innovation, entering service only in the late ordinal century. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. Wedges are typically used in pairs, on word sides of the wagon so that the wagon can't slip off the wedges. As the wooden bodies were replaced by steel bodies from 1945 to 1953, manufacturers applied wooden decorative trim to the steel-bodied wagons, as a visual link to the previous wooden style. Station wagons and hatchbacks have in common a two-box design configuration, a shared interior volume for passengers and cargo[6][7] and a rear door (often called a gate in the case of a wagon) that is hinged at roof level. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. Even larger freight wagons existed. The first Australian-designed car was built in 1948 but locally designed station wagons did not appear until nine years later when the 1957 Holden FE was introduced. Become guest writer Heavy duty casters are mounted to the underside of the platform so that the entire assembly can be quickly moved onstage or offstage, so as to facilitate rapid scenery changes during live productions. Traction engine with living van. People also use toy wagons for small, outdoor projects. [21] They also came to be known as "carryalls" and "suburbans". Ford and Holden produced wagon models based on each generation of their large sedan platforms until 2010. These include the Vardo, a traditional wagon of the 19th-century British Romani people. This is a guest post by The concept of express wagons and of paneled speech vans developed in the 19th century. Guest posters wanted [15] Prior to this, performance models of station wagons included the 1970 Ford Falcon (XY) 'Grand Sport' pack,[16] the 1973 Chevrolet Chevelle Malibu SS-454 and the 1992 BMW M5 (E34). Many Australian country towns owe their origin to the bullock teams, having grown from a store or shanty where teams rested or crossed a stream. The successors to the ID, the Citroën CX and Citroën XM continued to be amongst the largest station wagon cars produced in Europe, but the model was discontinued in 2000 and a station wagon version was not addressable for its Citroën C6 successor. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Saab began producing station wagons in 1959, in the form of the Saab 95 two-door wagon, which was based on the Saab 93 sedan. However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. [68] In 2005 a 'Sportwagon' version of the Saab 9-3 was introduced and produced until 2011. Guest-blogger These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farmstead or market. For the best receive on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Early examples also had such features as pivoted front axles and linchpins to secure the wheels. Volvo station wagons produced since the mid-1990s are the Volvo V40, Volvo V50, Volvo V60, Volvo V70, and Volvo V90, with the V40, V60, and V90 models currently in production. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Early[when?] station wagons cars were after-market conversions, with the new manual labor using a wooden frame and either steel or wooden panels. A delivery wagon is a wagon used to deliver merchandise such as milk, bread, or produce to houses or markets, as well as to dealing customers, often in urban settings. [8][9][10] Folding rear seats (in order to create a larger space for cargo) are also common on both station wagons and hatchbacks. Other wagons produced in Australia include the smaller Toyota Camry and Mitsubishi Magna. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. As the number of swivel casters attached to a wagon increases, though, it becomes increasingly difficult to align them. Guest post courtesy of His toy wagons helped bring people back from the thoughts of the looming war to their simple pleasures. -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. For the best receive on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. [25] The first all-steel station wagon body was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban. The Type 3's rear-engine layout was retained for the station wagon models, but the engine profile was flattened, resulting in a small car offering interior room, as well as trunk space in the front. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of automobile. [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. [citation needed] Since Ford owned its own hardwood forest and mills (at the Ford Iron Mountain Plant in what is today Kingsford, Michigan in Michigan's Upper Peninsula) it began provision the wood components for the Model A station wagon. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. , walk, stand, or jump on it) without causing the wagon to move. Nursery wagons let dirt and water go through the bottom and are good for plants and pots in a greenhouse. Various caster types are used on scenery wagons. Ford ceased production of wagons in Australia when the Ford Falcon (BF) ended creation in 2010, largely due to the declining station wagon and large car market, but also following the 2004 introduction and sales success of the Ford Territory SUV. They can also be used in gardening for moving plants. In a similar difficulty to the United States, the decline of traditional Break and Familiale models in France was in no small part due to the intro of the minivan in the form of the Renault Espace in 1984. When itinerant over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". Submit a guest post Station wagons have been marketed using the French term "break de chasse"[citation needed] (sometimes abbreviated to "break"), which translates as "hunting break", due to shared derivation with the shooting-brake body style. Raising the manual gate required a 5 lb pull via a appendage built-in to the top edge of the retractable gate. In migration and military settings, wagons were often found in large groups called wagon trains. A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an machine of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. In 1958, the Citroën ID Break (known as the Safari in English-speaking countries) was introduced, being larger than other French station wagon models and of similar size to the contemporary full-size station wagons from the United States. Early[when?] station wagons were fixed-roof vehicles, but lacked the glass that would unremarkably enclose the passenger compartment, and had only bench seats. Other station wagons sold in the United Kingdom included the Morris 1100 (introduced in 1966), Vauxhall Viva (introduced 1967), Ford Escort (introduced in 1968) and Vauxhall Chevette (introduced 1976). [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. They carved the roads and built the rail; their friction power made populating the interior possible; their contributions to the harvesting of timber opened the bush; they offered a start in life to the enterprising youngster".


Micro Wagon Classic: Black submit an article

A wagon or cart, usually four-wheeled;[1] for example, a haywain, normally has four wheels, but the term has now acquired slimly poetical connotations, so is not always used with subject field correctness. With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. Submit your content General Motors also used forward-facing seats for the third row in the 1971–1976 clam shell wagons. Write for us Wagons have served numerous purposes, with numerous corresponding designs. Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". Volvo continued production of station wagons through the Volvo 145 (introduced in 1967), then the Volvo 200 Series (introduced in 1974), and the Volvo 700 Series (introduced in 1985). As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. © Cambridge University Press 2021. In 1956 Ford responded to the Nomad and Safari with its own sporty two-door wagon, The Ford Parklane. Toy wagons have been around since the late 19th century, and are traditionally painted red. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. [20][30][31] In 1947, Crosley introduced a steel-bodied station wagon version of the Crosley CC Four. Bring about a person's downfall or spoil their chances of success. Ox-wagons were also used in the United States. Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. International Harvester Auto Wagon. Hinged foot irons may be bolted to the sides of the wagon. The framing of the wooden bodies was sheathed in steel[citation needed] and coated with tinted lacquer for tribute. A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. Freight wagons are wagons used for the overland hauling of freight and bulk commodities. wagon (third-person singular simple present wagons, present verb wagoning, simple past and past participial wagoned). To lock the wagon in place, the free ends of the foot iron hinges are folded down and then secured to the stage with stage screws. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. Guest post policy Which of the following is correct?. Guest-blogger The four-wheeled dray or box wagon came into use after about 1860 for loads of 6 to 8 tons and was drawn by 16 to 18 bullocks. Manufacturers often chose a particularised model name to apply to all their station wagons cars as a marketing exercise — for example Austin used the Countryman name and Morris used the name Travellers. Some small kids' wagons are made completely out of plastic. Accepting guest posts As with the Citroëns, changing demands in the French car market led to the end of the large Peugeot station wagon models in the mid-1990s, with the smaller Peugeot 406 becoming the largest station wagon model in the range from 1995. There seems to be a problem complementary the request at present. The bolts are mounted to the wagon base and, when the wagon is in position, the bolts are lowered into their designated, predrilled holes. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. However, a two-wheeled "haywain" would be a hay cart, as opposed to a carriage. Distinguishing features between hatchbacks and station wagons are:. The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. From the 1950s to 1990s, many lifesize American station wagons could be optioned with a third row of seating in the cargo area (over the rear axle) for a total of nine seats. In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. By the late 1950s, the wooden trim was replaced by "simulated wood" in the form of stick-on vinyl coverings. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a equine wagon with a water tank. The roofs of "woodie" wagons were usually made of stretched canvas that was treated with a waterproofing dressing. There was a problem sending your report. Models marketed as passenger station wagons in export markets were often sold as utilitarian "van" models in the home market. Guest post: Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a paramount form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Get a quick, free translation!. Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. This section will discuss a broad summary of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. Wagons are immediately distinguished from carts (which have two wheels) and from lighter four-wheel vehicles in the main for carrying people, such as carriages. The "Lion Tableau" circus parade wagon, built in 1904. By the 1930s, station wagons had become expensive and well-equipped vehicles. [8][9][10] Folding rear seats (in order to create a larger space for cargo) are also common on both station wagons and hatchbacks. Borrowed from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, from Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz (“wagon”), from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos. The verb is derived from the noun. His toy wagons helped bring people back from the thoughts of the looming war to their simple pleasures. Other wagons produced in Australia include the smaller Toyota Camry and Mitsubishi Magna. Wain is also an archaic term for a chariot. Guest post: 2Irish derogative An acerb or disliked woman. The Chevrolet Vega Kammback, introduced in September 1970, was the first U. Prior to 1956, the third-row seats were forward-facing. In the United States and Canada, the Conestoga wagon was a paramount form of wagon used for hauling freight in the late 18th and 19th centuries, often used for hauling goods on the Great Wagon Road in the Appalachian Valley and across the Appalachian Mountains. An ox-wagon traditionally made with the sides rising toward the rear of the wagon to resemble the lower jaw-bone of an animal is also known as a kakebeenwa (jaw-bone wagon). Submit article In 2017 station wagons accounted for 31% of all sold cars. Wagon, four-wheeled vehicle designed to be drawn by draft animals and known to have been used as early as the 1st century bc, incorporating such earlier innovations as the spoked wheel and metal wheel rim. Sponsored post by The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. [65] The Duett two-door wagon was formed as a dual-function delivery van and people-carrier and is based on the chassis of the PV444 and PV544 sedans. Some famous brands are Radio Flyer, Little Tikes, Red Rider, Northern Tool and Equipment, Lowe's, Cardinal, and Speedway Express. An ox-wagon traditionally made with the sides rising toward the rear of the wagon to resemble the lower jaw-bone of an animal is also known as a kakebeenwa (jaw-bone wagon). Guest post courtesy of Manufacturers often chose a particularised model name to apply to all their station wagons cars as a marketing exercise — for example Austin used the Countryman name and Morris used the name Travellers. In 1922, the Essex Closed Coach became the first mass-produced car to use a steel body (in this case, a fully enclosed sedan body style). The Cadillac CTS gave rise to a station wagon counterpart, the 2010 CTS Sportwagon, which defied the trend by offering almost as many trim levels as its sedan counterpart. Guest post courtesy of Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. The first all-steel station wagon was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban, which was built on the chassis of a panel truck. [72] Production of wagons in Australia ceased totally in 2017 when the Holden Commodore (VF) ended production. Submit an article A person who drives wagons is called a "wagoner",[2][3] a "teamster", a "bullocky", a "muleskinner", or simply a "driver". Guest post by Heavy duty casters are mounted to the underside of the platform so that the entire assembly can be quickly moved onstage or offstage, so as to facilitate rapid scenery changes during live productions. An ox-wagon or bullock wagon is a four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). Submit your content Some are made of wood, aluminum, poly, or steel. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. Wagon, four-wheeled vehicle designed to be drawn by draft animals and known to have been used as early as the 1st century bc, incorporating such earlier innovations as the spoked wheel and metal wheel rim. [58] American Motors' strategy of reintroducing an old design made for two distinct model runs, one of few examples where such a strategy has been successful for an automobile manufacturer. Submit article As a common, eminent element in history and life, wagons have been the subjects of artwork. Drinking alcohol again after a period of abstention. The framing of the wooden bodies was sheathed in steel[citation needed] and coated with tinted lacquer for tribute. Station wagons with the design featured an nonmandatory third row of forward-facing seats accessed by the rear side doors and a folding second-row seat — and could accommodate 4-by-8-foot (1. Even larger freight wagons existed. A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an assembly of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. [2] Olaf Ruhen, in his book Bullock Teams remarks on how bullock teams "shaped and built the colony. Become a guest blogger When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". Guest article The emergence and quality of SUVs which closely approximate the traditional station wagon body style was a further blow. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. Wagons can be useful for moving dirt, wood chips, mulch, or gravel. [57] It was "recycling" with only a few modifications from the archetype version and targeted buyers looking for "no-frills" economy. Companies such as Northern Tool, Lowe's, and Tractor Supply Company make wagons specifically for outdoor work. Some were not updated for consecutive generations in a model's life in Japan. Cognate with Danish vogn (“wagon”), German Wagen (“vehicle; wagon”), Saterland Frisian Woain (“wagon”), West Frisian wein (“wagon”), Swedish vagn (“wagon”). When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. Volvo continued production of station wagons through the Volvo 145 (introduced in 1967), then the Volvo 200 Series (introduced in 1974), and the Volvo 700 Series (introduced in 1985). The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. Horse-drawn fire pump given to Brockhampton Estate in 1818. Guest posts wanted -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. After the brainstorm of gold in the Barberton area in 1881, ox-wagons were used to bring in supplies from former Lourenço Marques. Since the 1990s, lifesize station wagons have been largely replaced by SUVs with three-row seating, such as the Chevrolet Suburban, Ford Expedition, Mercedes-Benz GL-Class, and Dodge Durango. In a similar difficulty to the United States, the decline of traditional Break and Familiale models in France was in no small part due to the intro of the minivan in the form of the Renault Espace in 1984. Ford ceased production of wagons in Australia when the Ford Falcon (BF) ended creation in 2010, largely due to the declining station wagon and large car market, but also following the 2004 introduction and sales success of the Ford Territory SUV. Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. Nursery wagons let dirt and water go through the bottom and are good for plants and pots in a greenhouse. Guest posting [32] The pillarless models could be expensive to produce, added wind noise, and created functional issues with body torque. This makes little difference to the turning circle of the wagon because of the oxen drawing it (see above) and it makes the front of the wagon much more stable because the track is never much less than the width of the tray. This section will discuss a broad summary of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. Guest article [52] Other early two-door station wagons were the 1951 Nash Rambler[53] and the 1954 Studebaker Conestoga. There seems to be a problem complementary the request at present. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for distant hauling.


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The first Japanese station wagon was the 1969 Isuzu Bellel four-door wagon, based on a compact sedan chassis. [8] By the end of the 19th century, recovery wagons were often finely painted, lettered and varnished, so as to serve as promotion for the part business through the quality of the wagon. [citation needed] In 1990, the 700 Series was replaced by the Volvo 900 Series, which was sold alongside the smaller Volvo 850 wagon that was introduced one year later. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farmstead or market. [4] The bullock team driver was called a bullocky, bullock puncher or truck driver. Early[when?] station wagons cars were after-market conversions, with the new manual labor using a wooden frame and either steel or wooden panels. [33] GM eliminated the pillarless wagon from its lineup in 1959, while AMC and Ford exited the field beginning with their 1960 and 1961 vehicles, leaving Chrysler and Dodge with the body style through the 1964 model year. Submit guest article Early examples also had such features as pivoted front axles and linchpins to secure the wheels. Lift jacks may be built into a wagon or onto a wagon's exterior, as circumstances dictate. [3] For 1969, Ford incorporated a design that allowed the rear glass to remain up or down when the door pivoted open on its side hinge, selling the system, which had been engineered by Donald N. Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. In the United States, early models with exposed wooden bodies became known as woodies. [21][34] While the K platform was also used for station wagon models (such as the Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries), the minivan would soon eclipse them in popularity. Guest posting guidelines Sign up for exclusive offers and latest news. The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. Contributing writer They can also be used in gardening for moving plants. When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". A common form found throughout Europe is the ladder wagon [de], a large wagon the sides of which often consisted of ladders strapped in place to hold in hay or grain, though these could be removed to serve other needs. Many Australian country towns owe their origin to the bullock teams, having grown from a store or shanty where teams rested or crossed a stream. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farm-place or market. In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. The exact name and terminology used is often reliant on the design or shape of the wagon. The first station wagon produced in Sweden was the Volvo Duett, introduced in 1953. In early days the flexible two-wheeled dray, with a centre pole and narrow 3-inch (8 cm) iron tyres was commonly used. One of the smallest station wagons ever produced was the Morris Mini Traveller / Austin Mini Countryman, introduced in 1960. Contribute to this site The Peugeot 404, introduced in 1960, offered a conventional alternative to the innovative Citroëns for buyers wanting a large station wagon. Blog for us By the 1930s, station wagons had become expensive and well-equipped vehicles. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. These include gathering hay, crops and wood, and delivering them to the farm-place or market. Guest blogger guidelines Which of the following is correct?. Station wagons and hatchbacks have in common a two-box design configuration, a shared interior volume for passengers and cargo[6][7] and a rear door (often called a gate in the case of a wagon) that is hinged at roof level. Other wagons produced in Australia include the smaller Toyota Camry and Mitsubishi Magna. From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. Writers wanted During the American Civil War, these wagon trains would often be accompanied by the wagons of private merchants, known as sutlers, who sold goods to soldiers, as well as the wagons of photographers and news reporters. © Cambridge University Press 2021. Guest post by They incorporated better seating and trim than regulation editions with options such as heaters. [7] The wagons’ bodies were 16 feet (4. A bakery delivery wagon in Queensland, Australia. Later, station wagons were produced by vehicle manufacturers and include the 1937 Commer (based on the Hillman Minx Magnificent),[60] 1952 Morris Minor Traveller, 1952 Morris Oxford Traveller, 1954 Hillman Husky, 1954 Austin A30 Countryman and 1955 Ford Squire. For example, a sedan might have a model life of four years, but the wagon was not updated for up to eight years (such as the Toyota Corolla wagon built from 1979 to 1987) and the 1987-1996 Mazda Capella wagon). The concept of express wagons and of paneled delivery vans developed in the 19th century. Guest column A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an natural enclosure. Doublet of wain (inherited from Old English wæġn) and related also to way, weigh. In South Africa, the ox-wagon was adopted as an Afrikaner cultural icon. [56] General Motors also introduced the sportier Chevrolet Nomad and Pontiac Safari to their lineup in 1955. This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. Wooden wedges may be forced between the stage and the bottom edge of the wagon perimeter. The first station wagon produced by a French manufacturer was the Citroën Traction Avant Familiale model introduced in 1935. Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. The Voortrekkers used ox-wagons (Afrikaans: Ossewa) during the Great Trek north and north-east from the Cape Colony in the 1830s and 1840s. This makes little difference to the turning circle of the wagon because of the oxen drawing it (see above) and it makes the front of the wagon much more stable because the track is never much less than the width of the tray. In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a horse-drawn wagon with a water tank. Chrysler's 1957 models had a roof too low to permit a forward-facing seat in the cargo area,[citation needed] so a rear-facing seat was used for the third row. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. The exact name and word used is often dependent on the design or shape of the wagon. Blog for us Which of the following is correct?. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of auto. A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. In warfare, large groups of supply wagons were used to support traveling armies with food and munitions, forming "baggage trains". Submitting a guest post This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. A lift jack is fundamentally a lever that attaches to the scenery wagon platform with a hinge, with a caster mounted to the underside of the lever near the hinge. Ideally, the wedges are driven under the wagon to the extent that the wagon is supported by the wedges instead of its casters. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly specialized. The last two-door wagon purchasable in America, the Volkswagen Fox,[citation needed] was interrupted in 1991. They can also be used for moving camping gear or boxes. In modern times the term station wagon survives as a type of auto. This section will discuss a broad summary of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. The Ford Taurus wagon was interrupted in 2005 and the Ford Focus station wagon was out of print in 2008. 4 m) sheets of plywood or other panels with the rear seats folded. Some utility wagons are moving by small motors so that the user can handle heavier loads on rough, uneven terrain. © Cambridge University Press 2021. A pin attaches the device to a chariot, a wagon or a coach, making the turning radius smaller. Sponsored post: Some station wagons were closely derived from existing commercial van models, such as the Austin A30/35 Countryman and the Hillman Husky. wagon (first-person possessive wagonku, second-person possessive wagonmu, third-person possessive wagonnya). In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. Examples include "Avant", "Caravan", "Kombi", "Sports Tourer", "Sports Wagon, "Tourer", "Touring" and "Variant". Prior to 1956, the third-row seats were forward-facing. From Dutch wagon, from English waggon, from Dutch wagen, From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-. However, there are examples of human-propelled wagons, such as mining corfs. This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Guest posts For instance, the "twenty-mule team" wagons, used for hauling borax from Death Valley, could haul 36 short tons (32 long tons; 33 t) per pair. The 1967 Hillman Husky station wagon version of the Hillman Imp was unusual in being a rear-engined station wagon. The four-wheeled dray or box wagon came into use after about 1860 for loads of 6 to 8 tons and was drawn by 16 to 18 bullocks. The first two-door station wagon was the 1946 Willys Jeep Station Wagon. The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. Of the two body styles, a station wagon roof (viewed in profile) more likely extends to the very rearmost of the vehicle, enclosing a full-height cargo volume[7] — a hatchback roof (especially a liftback roof) is likely rake down steeply behind the C-Pillar, prioritizing style[1] over Interior volume or cargo capacity, sometimes having a shorter rear overhang and including smaller side windows (or no windows). wagon (third-person singular simple present wagons, present verb wagoning, simple past and past participial wagoned). [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly specialized. The 'Familiale' version had a front bench seat, a forward-facing three-space bench seat in the middle, and a folding forward-facing three-seat bench in the rear, providing a versatile nine-seat car. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. Improve your frame of reference with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge. -made four-seat wagon[citation needed] and the first two-door wagon from GM in six years. Consequently, it may be difficult or impossible to move a wagon that has a large number of swivel casters when the casters are unaligned. The illustration shows regular wheels with tires, instead of traditional wagon wheels. The Holden's main competitor, the Ford Falcon (XK) introduced wagon models in 1960. In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the two-door "Variant" body style of the Volkswagen Type 3 (also known as the Volkswagen 1500 - later the Volkswagen 1600). In these settings, a chuckwagon is a small wagon used for providing food and cooking, essentially a portable kitchen. When traveling over long distances and periods, wagons may be covered with cloth to protect their contents from the elements; these are "covered wagons". A wagon was formerly called a wain and one who builds or repairs wagons is a waggonwright. Contemporary or modern animal drawn wagons may be of metal instead of wood and have regular wheels with rubber tires instead of traditional wagon wheels. This is a guest post by However, Japanese manufacturers did not build station wagons in large volume until recently. Guest post courtesy of The first station wagon produced in Sweden was the Volvo Duett, introduced in 1953. Want to write for In migration settings, such as the emigrant trails of the American West and the Great Trek of South Africa, wagons would travel put together for support, navigation and indorsement. Guest posting rules Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. Damage to the stage can be mitigated by using extension spindles with compliant (e. These wooden-bodied cars, produced until the 1960s, were amongst the most expensive vehicles at the time. With other brands, the niche antecedently occupied by station wagons is now primarily filled with a similar style of Crossover SUV, which generally has a car underpinning and a wagon body. The pronunciation was likely influenced by French wagon, which was also borrowed from English. It shared its wheelbase and length with Vega coupe versions and was produced in the 1971–1977 model years. Smaller station wagons were marketed as lower-priced alternatives to SUVs and minivans. In 2017 station wagons accounted for 31% of all sold cars. Contribute to this site [25] The first all-steel station wagon body was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban. Guest posts In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, since 1992 the city's plants are irrigated using a equine wagon with a water tank. The final wooden bodied station produced in the United States was the 1953 Buick Super Estate. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2.


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As the number of swivel casters attached to a wagon increases, though, it becomes increasingly difficult to align them. Reconstruction of a Roman traveling wagon richly decorated with bronze fittings, Romisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne. Several German manufacturers have produced station wagon versions of high-performance models, such as the Audi RS4, Audi RS6, Mercedes-AMG C63, Mercedes-AMG E63, BMW M5 (E60/E61), Volkswagen Golf R and Volkswagen Passat R36 wagons. Saab began producing station wagons in 1959, in the form of the Saab 95 two-door wagon, which was based on the Saab 93 sedan. Submitting a guest post The Ford Country Squire is a model that was easily recognized by its simulated wood trim[47][48] and the "Squire" trim level was an available option in a few different Ford model ranges, including the Falcon Squire, Fairlane Squire, and in the 1970s the Pinto Squire. The full-size Country Squire model was produced in higher quantities than the other Ford models. Which of the following is correct?. The model was offered through the 1973 model year. The wheels can be air tires, hard rubber tires, or hard plastic tires. This is a guest post by [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the buckboard. Typically, casters are mounted so that the bottom of the platform is elevated railway approximately one-half to three-quarters of an inch above the stage. [15] Prior to this, performance models of station wagons included the 1970 Ford Falcon (XY) 'Grand Sport' pack,[16] the 1973 Chevrolet Chevelle Malibu SS-454 and the 1992 BMW M5 (E34). Guest blogger guidelines Heavy duty casters are mounted to the underside of the platform so that the entire assembly can be quickly moved onstage or offstage, so as to facilitate rapid scenery changes during live productions. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly specialized. European luxury car manufacturers such as Audi, Volvo, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz continued to offer station wagons in their North American product ranges (marketed using the labels "Avant", "Touring", and "Estate" respectively). The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. This makes little difference to the turning circle of the wagon because of the oxen drawing it (see above) and it makes the front of the wagon much more stable because the track is never much less than the width of the tray. Manufacturers often chose a particularised model name to apply to all their station wagons cars as a marketing exercise — for example Austin used the Countryman name and Morris used the name Travellers. Some wagons are intended to serve as mobile homes or mobile workshops. A bullock team was led by a pair of well trained leaders who responded to verbal commands as they did not have reins or a bridle. In 2016, Volvo re-introduced a large wagon to the US market with the Volvo V90, but only by special order. Wagons were heavier than carts in construction, with a boxlike body that was useful for hauling freight and agricultural produce and a smoother ride due to the implicit stableness of being supported on four wheels rather than two. When opened as a swinging door, this part of the bumper moved away, allowing the depression in the bumper to provide a "step" to ease entry; when the gate was opened by being lowered or raised to a closed position, the chrome section remained in place making the bumper "whole". When locomote production resumed after World War II, advances in exhibition techniques made all-steel station wagon bodies more practical, eliminating the cost, noise, and fixing associated with wood bodies. Patent drawing for the Duryea Road Vehicle, 1895. It also allowed a much more robust connecter between the hauling traces of the oxen and the rear axle of the wagon (usually iron chain or rods) that is necessary for heavy haulage. Bring about a person's downfall or spoil their chances of success. The Squire was always the highest trim level of any Ford Wagon and included the signature woodgrain applique, and usually additional out chrome, better interior trim, special emblems, etc. Submit content There seems to be a problem complementary the request at present. Air casters are sometimes used in place of rolling casters. These wooden-bodied cars, produced until the 1960s, were amongst the most expensive vehicles at the time. Sense 9 (“woman of loose morals; obnoxious woman”) is credibly a derogatory and jocular reference to a woman being “ridden”, that is, mounted for the purpose of sexual intercourse. [32] The pillarless models could be expensive to produce, added wind noise, and created functional issues with body torque. Guest posts wanted In the United States, Ford's full-size station wagons for 1966 introduced a system marketed as "Magic Doorgate" — a conventional tailgate with retracting rear glass, where the tailgate could either fold down or pivot open on a side hinge — with the rear window backward in either case. Eventually, car manufacturers began producing their own station wagon designs. The commercial vehicle status was also reflected on those vehicles' registrations For example, there were special "Suburban" license plates in Pennsylvania used well into the 1960s, long after station wagons became car-based. To lock the wagon in place, the free ends of the foot iron hinges are folded down and then secured to the stage with stage screws. A group of wagons may be used to create an improvised fort called a laager, made by circling them to form an intromission. During the 9th century several extra improvements in harness and suspension led to a marked preference for wagons over carts as a means of passenger and long-distance transportation. The Ford Taurus wagon was interrupted in 2005 and the Ford Focus station wagon was out of print in 2008. [5] A common type of farm wagon particular to North America is the rig. Early[when?] station wagons cars were after-market conversions, with the new manual labor using a wooden frame and either steel or wooden panels. This section will discuss a broad summary of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. [8][9][10] Folding rear seats (in order to create a larger space for cargo) are also common on both station wagons and hatchbacks. 83 m) deep; the rear wheels were 7 feet (2. Early[when?] station wagons cars were after-market conversions, with the new manual labor using a wooden frame and either steel or wooden panels. Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. This section will discuss a broad overview of the general classes of wagons; for details on specific types of wagons, see the individual links. They were originally made of wood. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. In the United States, Ford's full-size station wagons for 1966 introduced a system marketed as "Magic Doorgate" — a conventional tailgate with retracting rear glass, where the tailgate could either fold down or pivot open on a side hinge — with the rear window backward in either case. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. The majority of these models were two-door wagons and several models were built on the chassis of relatively small cars. In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. Some examples are the paintings The Hay Wain and The Haywain Triptych, and on the Oregon Trail Memorial half dollar. Become guest writer An ox-wagon or bullock wagon is a four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). A front axle assembly, in its simplest form, is an machine of a short beam with a pivot plate, two wagon wheels and spindles[4] as well as a drawbar attached to this. One type of wagon, the Conestoga, became famous as a freight wagon during the 18th century, and its descendant, the prairie schooner, was the most common vehicle used by settlers in the opening of the American West. [23] When it was introduced in 1941 the Chrysler Town & Country was the most expensive car in the company's model range. The first all-steel station wagon was the 1935 Chevrolet Suburban, which was built on the chassis of a panel truck. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. Daewoo Motor followed suit a year later with the first-generation Nubira. Submit guest post Sense 9 (“woman of loose morals; obnoxious woman”) is credibly a derogatory and jocular reference to a woman being “ridden”, that is, mounted for the purpose of sexual intercourse. The split-gate features an upward-swinging window combined with a downwards swinging tailgate, both manually operated. A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. Ford and Holden produced wagon models based on each generation of their large sedan platforms until 2010. Typically, casters are mounted so that the bottom of the platform is elevated railway approximately one-half to three-quarters of an inch above the stage. Late 15th century from Dutch wagen; related to wain. Similar configurations became the standard on full-size and intermediate station wagons from GM, Ford, Chrysler, and AMC. Consequently, it may be difficult or impossible to move a wagon that has a large number of swivel casters when the casters are unaligned. Some station wagons were closely derived from existing commercial van models, such as the Austin A30/35 Countryman and the Hillman Husky. A horse drawn wooden tank wagon is a wooden cylinder on four wagon wheels. [13] Special purpose-built support wagons existed for blacksmithing, telegraphy and even observation flight. Smaller station wagons were marketed as lower-priced alternatives to SUVs and minivans. Usually they are painted a different color than red and are made of metal. The model was offered through the 1973 model year. Which of the following is correct?. Palatial or cramped? (Words to describe buildings and rooms, part 1). In 1922, the Essex Closed Coach became the first mass-produced car to use a steel body (in this case, a fully enclosed sedan body style). Become guest writer Sign up for exclusive offers and latest news. Frey[12] as the "Three-Way Magic Doorgate". Later, station wagons were produced by vehicle manufacturers and include the 1937 Commer (based on the Hillman Minx Magnificent),[60] 1952 Morris Minor Traveller, 1952 Morris Oxford Traveller, 1954 Hillman Husky, 1954 Austin A30 Countryman and 1955 Ford Squire. In South Africa, the ox-wagon was adopted as an Afrikaner cultural icon. A Conestoga wagon, a type of freight wagon used extensively in the United States and Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries for long-distance hauling. Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. Bullock wagons were important in the colonial history of Australia. Reflecting the original purpose of transporting people and luggage between country estates and railway stations,[4] the body style is called an "estate car" or "estate" in the United Kingdom, or a "station wagon" in North America, New Zealand, Australia and Africa. This gave them a very wide turning circle, the legacy of which are the broad, pleasant boulevards of cities such as Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, which are 120-foot (40 m) wide,[1] and Grahamstown, South Africa, which are "wide enough to turn an ox-wagon". On the clam shell design, the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof and the lower gate (with either manual or facultative power operation), lowered completely below the load floor. [54] In 1956, Studebaker introduced three new two-door wagons in Pelham, Parkview, and Pinehurst trims. Manufacture of the wooden bodies was at first outsourced to custom coachbuilders,[27][28] because the production of the all-wood bodies was very time-consuming. The wagon itself is made of various kinds of wood, with the rims of the wheels being covered with tyres of iron, and since the middle of the 19th century the axles have also been made of iron. As the number of swivel casters attached to a wagon increases, though, it becomes increasingly difficult to align them. The successors to the ID, the Citroën CX and Citroën XM continued to be amongst the largest station wagon cars produced in Europe, but the model was discontinued in 2000 and a station wagon version was not addressable for its Citroën C6 successor. The brake is released by raising its handle, thereby retracting the steel rod away from the stage. The steam wagon, a self-powered dominion of the equine wagon, was a astonishingly late innovation, entering service only in the late ordinal century. [5] As with motorized vehicles, some are designed to serve as many functions as possible, while others are highly specialized. Cognate with Danish vogn (“wagon”), German Wagen (“vehicle; wagon”), Saterland Frisian Woain (“wagon”), West Frisian wein (“wagon”), Swedish vagn (“wagon”). Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Guest article [26] By 1951, most station wagons were being produced with all-steel bodies. Writers wanted Chrysler's 1957 models had a roof too low to permit a forward-facing seat in the cargo area,[citation needed] so a rear-facing seat was used for the third row. This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Early advertising for the Land Rover version took the name literally, showing the vehicle collecting people and goods from a railway station. A simplified, one-piece lift-gate on smaller wagons. Reflecting the original purpose of transporting people and luggage between country estates and railway stations,[4] the body style is called an "estate car" or "estate" in the United Kingdom, or a "station wagon" in North America, New Zealand, Australia and Africa.