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Celtic Torc, Belstead BrookThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Please click for important information about custom-order items. They found the first three torcs separately, approximately 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) beneath the surface of the field[8] and around 3. As the harrow only penetrated a few inches, it is thought that the torc had been brought to near the surface by earlier deep ploughing. Celtic God, Gundestrup CauldronUnknown Artist (Public Domain). The best examples are right here in Ireland – and we’re not just saying that. Submit article 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. The artefacts in hoards are almost always from varying dates and times, making it hard to locate an exact timeframe. Derived from the Latin word ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist,’ the bulk of extant examples of ancient Torcs were typically crafted out of gold. Given the large amount of precious metals found at the site, in arithmetic operation to the hi-tech design of luxurious jewellery such as this, it has been conjectured that the area around Snettisham may have been connected with royalty from the Iceni tribe, that was based in this part of England at the time. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. Contribute to our site In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off. Blog for us An interior panel of the cauldron shows a godlike figure with antlers sitting cross-legged and wearing a torc around his neck. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all abstract. Submit blog post The most famous and elaborate example of a Celtic torc, or any torc for that matter, was found in The Broighter Hoard in 1896 on a farm near Lough Foyle in County Derry. 208-125 BCE) noted that the Gauls who invaded Italy in 225 BCE wore gold necklaces and bracelets. © 2017 Trustees of the British Museum. They are believed to be the oldest Iron Age gold jewellery found in Britain. Contribute to this site [7] There are several flared gold torcs with a C-shaped section in the huge Mooghaun North Hoard of Late Bronze Age gold from 800 to 700 BC found in County Clare in Ireland. It was, then, either made as a votive offering or once adorned a statue. See our Irish Handmade Torc Jewelry including Torc Bracelets, Necklaces,Pendants, Cufflinks and Tiepins. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. HE ABSOLUTELY LOVES HIS RING AND HAS GOTTEN COMPLIMENTED MANY MANY TIMES!! I WILL DEFINITELY BE BACK TO ORDER SOME OF THE OTHER BEAUTIFUL JEWELRY!! MY HUSBAND'S PARENTS ARE FROM IRELAND & WE LIVE(. Still, people are occasionally ‘hitting the jackpot’ – just five years ago an amateur art hunter in County Fermanagh dug up a 3,000 year old torc that is now on display in the Ulster museum. Submit blog post 350-250 BC, Pleurs, France, Copper alloy, Diam. There are mentions in medieval compilations of Irish mythology; for example in the Lebor Gabála Érenn (11th century) Elatha wore 5 golden torcs when meeting Eriu. The metal is just getting to the point where it is too stiff to allow this, and so I plan to anneal it soon to soften it up (I don’t fancy breakage my own!) So the process of wear-hardening (especially on softer metals like gold and silver) probably took quite a long time. [2] They also found no bear witness of a settlement or grave on the site. Today it is on display in the British Museum. The Belstead Brook torc was part of a hoard of five gold torcs found near Belstead Brook, Ipswich, England in 1968 CE. Made using a gold alloy (the other metals are silver and copper), it weighs a little over one kilo (2. Forty-eight 2mm wires were twisted in pairs to form 24 wires. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. An this "twisted" Torc Bangle is no less impressive. If anything, then, this object, like many others, illustrates the interconnected nature of Celtic Europe as ideas in art and techniques in crafts spread from one end of the continent to the other. Although this is one of the most famous examples, the form is typical: open at the front, with a flexible neck-ring made of coiled or twisted wires. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. Although discovering ancient Celtic artefacts was never an everyday event, it’s even less common now than it was a few centuries ago. Become an author 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. Piecing together how these objects came to be carefully buried in a Staffordshire field will give us an priceless insight into life in Iron Age Britain. Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. In contrast, the gold torc from the 5th-century BCE Vix hoard in Burgundy, France, has spherical terminals and a small winged horse where the terminal and rope sections meet. Submit your content This may present the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was observed in September 2009. They had no fixed plans as they surveyed the field, having started metal detecting as a hobby 18 months before (although Hambleton used to go metal-detecting with his father when he was young). Guest post courtesy of [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. Guest post policy Torcs are found in the Tolstaya burial and the Karagodeuashk kurgan (Kuban area), both dating to the 4th century BC. Writers wanted The terminals mix embossed areas with chased 'basketwork', the craftworker using very fine tools to achieve this and to sharpen up the cast work and remove any imperfections. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). They wear bracelets on their wrists and arms, and heavy necklaces of solid gold, rings of great value and even gold corselets. Most Torc’s are open at one side, although a few designs had hook and ring closures or grab catches to close them. A Torc is a rigid neck or wrist artifact popular in the Bronze Age. If you anneal the metal – heat it up to cherry-red temperature, around 600–700 degrees centigrade – it re-softens. Guest contributor guidelines With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. My Grandfather ran Gavin's Jewellers in Dublin for many years before my father opened College House Jewellers in 1963. Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Want to write an article Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. Historians do say that most were designed for permanent wear, but some were so heavy that this seems unlikely; these were likely ‘special’ torcs reserved for important occasions while ‘everyday’ torcs were worn at other times. Guest-blogger A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. We use it as a source of inspiration in many of our pieces of handmade here at Claddagh Jewelry. And for Irish history buffs, we have the History of Ireland Torc available in Sterling Silver and Gold. [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineate the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, conflict at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. Submit article Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Campbell the landowner, after the field had been harrowed. An additive torc was later discovered nearby. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. The terminals mix embossed areas with chased 'basketwork', the craftworker using very fine tools to achieve this and to sharpen up the cast work and remove any imperfections. There are mentions in medieval compilations of Irish mythology; for example in the Lebor Gabála Érenn (11th century) Elatha wore 5 golden torcs when meeting Eriu. As a result, many of these torcs have been found to show signs of damage from being bent out of shape. Celts: art and identity is at the British Museum until 31 January 2016. Guest posting This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. The terminals are not stressed as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. Celtic torcs were made using metals such as gold, silver, copper, iron, and bronze. By the time it went into the ground, it was probably an heirloom object, perhaps as much as 100 years old. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". Sponsored post by The Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres". But the elegant chain closure makes this piece endlessly more wearable without loosing any impact. Write for us Ireland holds the record for the most Torcs found in any country; thirty-one, to be precise. 1714 (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). When you bend metal in this way, it tends to harden and become brittle. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Looking for guest posts 230-220 BCE and was commissioned by Attalos of Pergamon (r. Guest post by Examples from Spain and Portugal sometimes have a very thin band and heavy terminals shaped like an hourglass. Become a contributor The terminals are not emphasized as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. As curator of the Celts exhibition, I got to spend a lot of time showing people wonderful Iron Age treasures. The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. A modern twist on an ancient design classic for a contemporary and covering look. Guest-post They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. Submit your content [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. Many other Iron Age hoards have since been found in the vicinity, but the Great Torc is thoughtful by archaeologists to be the most decisive find from Snettisham. In Iberian torcs thin gold bars are often wound round a core of base metal, with the rear section a single round section with a decorated surface. The torc was made in two ways: complex threads of metal were grouped into ropes and twisted around each other to create the crescent shaped necklace; the ends of the torc were cast in moulds with La Tène designs and welded onto the metal ropes to create the whole composition. Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. Many Celtic warriors wore a torc necklace, and depictions in art show this, the most famous example being the Dying Gaul statue of the Capitoline Museums in Rome. Silver torc of two strands twisted together with double-loop terminals. The Belstead Brook torc was part of a hoard of five gold torcs found near Belstead Brook, Ipswich, England in 1968 CE. According to Julia Farley, curator of British and European Iron Age collections of the British Museum,[7] the torcs were "most likely" made in the area of what is now Germany or France,[1][3] most likely in the period 400–250 BCE (La Tène period). 27 BCE - 14 CE), a massive gold torc far too heavy to ever wear. Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. So why were so many torcs allowed to break? And why do the repairs often look like shoddy afterthoughts?. Perhaps the most famous examples can be seen in the Gundestrup Cauldron, a c. 150 – 50 BC, Ken Hill, Silver, Diam. 1  (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). There seems to be a problem completing the request at present. Collectively, these objects are known as the Snettisham burial hoard. The British Museum in London has other examples from all around the UK including the Snettisham Torc.


The History of The Celtic Torc guest article

A collection of impressive Bronze Age and Iron Age torcs is held at the National Museum of Scotland. [2] Torc styles of neck-ring are found as part of the adornment styles of various other cultures and periods. Writers wanted Her exact title is unknown but judging by the quality of the jewellery found in the grave, she was a big deal. However, this stunning piece has a gap in the front where you can widen it to slip around your neck easily. The torcs were found by accident by construction workers. Looking for guest posts By the time it went into the ground, it was probably an heirloom object, perhaps as much as 100 years old. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. Write for us 9 cm, British Museum, 1951,0402. Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. They found the first three torcs separately, approximately 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) beneath the surface of the field[8] and around 3. A fine example of this type is the copper alloy Lochar Moss torc from Scotland, which now resides in the British Museum in London. [1][2] The jewellery and one of the neck rings are made with twisted gold wire, and the other neck rings have finials shaped like trumpets. On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. Quite why such a plain landscape without any geographical features of note was reasoned sacred remains a mystery. It had been buried with a watch bracelet and coin, which helped to date the torc to around 75 BC. I’ve tried with replicas, and I tend to slip mine on from the back, so there are different ways of doing it. If you're looking to emulate the prestige and status of the ancient Celts at home, with your own Celtic torc there are antithetical styles to suit every man or woman proud of their Irish heritage. The terminals were then cast onto the two twisted solid bars using the lost wax technique. Accepting guest posts Owning and wearing a torc singled out the wearer as a person to be reckoned with, someone of very high status. Suggest a post The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. [24] Pliny the Elder records that after a battle in 386 BC (long before his lifetime) the Romans healed 183 torcs from the Celtic dead, and similar booty is mentioned by other authors. Many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been difficult to remove. Others have broken at certain points and some have even been repaired. From these miniaturised torcs a popular form of jewellery then developed; the penannular brooch. They have a discreet hinge at the back, and a clasp at the front that was hidden when the terminals were closed. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. In these two types the hoop itself unremarkably has no extra decoration, though the large torc in the Irish Broighter Gold hoard is champleve all round the hoop, the only Irish example spangly in this way. Submitting a guest post Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. 1  (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). From these kinds of evidence, I strongly suspect that torcs were put on and taken off quite regularly, rather than being intended to be worn for very long periods of time. Heavy metal indeed! But there are torcs have been found that also would have been worn by children as well as high status men and women. Accepting guest posts Torcs are found in the Tolstaya burial and the Karagodeuashk kurgan (Kuban area), both dating to the 4th century BC. The Ipswich Hoard includes unsmooth torcs that give clear attest of the stages of work. The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. Their contributions, whether beautiful songs, swords and other weapons, or spectacular jewellery for the Celtic elite, was highly valued. The Belstead Brook Torc is now on display in the British Museum. Guest post by Torcs are also found in Thraco-Cimmerian art. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. Torcs likely had a spiritual symbolism, and it is perhaps for this reason depictions in art of Celtic gods often show them wearing or holding torcs. Write for us Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. We take production for many of our cautiously crafted pieces from these ancient designs. Sponsored post Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. 2 lbs) and was meant to be worn around the neck. 350-250 BC, Pleurs, France, Copper alloy, Diam. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. The torc dates from 200-50 BC[3] and is made from twisted gold wires. For the Iron Age Celts, the gold torc seems to have been a key object. Guest post: Although discovering ancient Celtic artefacts was never an everyday event, it’s even less common now than it was a few centuries ago. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was unconcealed in September 2009. Although the wires are thick, it’s actually much easier to bend open than you’d think. VAT Registration No 751 4174 44. Model chariot from the Oxus Treasure, with both figures wearing torcs. Become a guest blogger Heavy metal indeed! But there are torcs have been found that also would have been worn by children as well as high status men and women. Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. 100 BCE silver and part gilded vessel with rich relief decoration. Later Celtic torcs nearly all return to having a break at the throat and strong emphasis on the two terminals. I could not be happier with the bespoke necklace Eileen created, it is beautiful! Paula could not have been more helpful in aiding me in designing a custom piece and ensuring that it would be cre(. There are fine examples of ancient sterling silver torcs of Viking origin as well torcs of varied design from across the Europe from Ireland to modern day Iran. The Belstead Brook Torc is now on display in the British Museum. Would you like to change to a currency better suited to your location?. Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. They found the first three torcs separately, approximately 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) beneath the surface of the field[8] and around 3. It's important to remember that torcs are crafted of rigid metal, so there isn't the usual "give" that you will find with traditional necklaces. Most Achaemenid torcs are thin single round bars with matching animal heads as the terminals, facing each other at the front. The flange-twisting technique of torc making involved cutting flanges into the body of the torc and, once fitted together, attachment them along the inner side to form a cross. Torcs perhaps were thought to in some way protect the wearer just as animal totems were carried on shields and swords. However for applicative reasons like wearability and affordability many Torcs crafted today differ from the ancient pieces on display at the National Museum of Ireland! Many pieces are somewhat smaller as there are not many that want a jewellery or bracelet that weighs several pounds! And for the traditional design, Torc style bracelets would be more common than garment as they are easier to put on and take off!. Become guest writer When worn they would have given the impression of a solid ring of metal, but in fact they were relatively easy to put on and take off. The Belstead Brook Torc is now on display in the British Museum. Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was bestowed by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. Guest posts wanted There are also plain circular shapes, styles with zoomorphics (carved animal heads) or other designs topping off each end, ‘flared’ gold that makes a wide crescent shape, and hollow torcs with stones or metal pieces inside them. Combining Celtic interlace with a classic open Torc shape this substantial bracelet is a striking piece that is also perfect for engraving on the inside band. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. The find was publicly proclaimed on 28 February 2017 at a press conference at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Hanley. [18] The most expatiate late Insular torcs are thick and often hollow, some with terminals forming a ring or loop. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, continue a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, negotiable ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived preference for ribbon torcs, which continuing for over 1,000 years". According to Julia Farley, curator of British and European Iron Age collections of the British Museum,[7] the torcs were "most likely" made in the area of what is now Germany or France,[1][3] most likely in the period 400–250 BCE (La Tène period). The find consists of three neck torcs and a smaller bracelet, which were located in proximity to each other. Guest post opportunities It also weighs nearly seven kilos! And if you did wear it, which way up would it go? It seems designed to be viewed upright, like in the picture. Guest author It was the clearest possible sign of wealth and high rank. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week:. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. Guest post opportunities Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic mythology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup cauldron. Become guest writer The gold content of the four torcs has been measured using x-ray fluorescence to be between 74-78% (roughly same to 17-18 carat), with 18-22% silver, some copper, and traces of iron, mercury and tin – a mix consistent with other Iron Age gold finds in Europe. The British Museum Great Russell Street London WC1B 3DG United Kingdom. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all abstract. For the Iron Age Celts, the gold torc seems to have been a key object. Finally, Diodorus Siculus of Sicily, writing in the 1st century BCE, noted of Celtic warriors:. Guest posts Decorative details and comparative finds, meanwhile, suggest it may have been made in Gaul. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. A much more spectacular haul was made in 191 BCE when a Roman army defeated a Celt army at Bologna and amassed a war booty of 1,500 gold torcs. Finally, another famous sculpture, the sandstone Mšecké Žehrovice head from the Czech Republic, which dates to around the 2nd century BCE, also wears a thick torc around the neck. So many different types of torcs have been unconcealed in various locations. Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was presented by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. It was the clearest possible sign of wealth and high rank. 100 BCE silver and part gilded vessel with rich relief decoration. Become an author Please click for important information about custom-order items. 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double ornament called scotiae. Blog for us 100 BCE silver and part gilded vessel with rich relief decoration. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard restrained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. Submit an article Today it is on display in the British Museum. Combining Celtic interlace with a classic open Torc shape this substantial bracelet is a striking piece that is also perfect for engraving on the inside band. It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. Looking for guest posts Many finds of torcs, particularly in groups and in association with other valuables but not associated with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose function is unclear. Rather than an unfortunate accident, breakage could have been part of the natural lifecycle of a torc.  It’s completely different to anything much of the jewelry we wear nowadays, and it has a long and varied history. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. Guest poster wanted Torc, 2nd Iron Age, Castro Culture, Iberian Peninsula, National Archaeology Museum, Portugal.


Great Torc from Snettisham guest post opportunities

The torc was alleged cherish trove during an inquest held at Sedgeford on 29 December 1966. The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. Guest poster wanted The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. Guest blogger guidelines Torcs were worn by men, women, and probably children, too. Lightweight torcs are barely noticeable and are simple for familiar wear. The Trichtingen silver torc with bull heads, perhaps 2nd century BC. Our stunning solid silver wrist and neck torcs are hand crafted in the Western Isles of Scotland which has a rich Celtic practice stretching back two thousand years. Thin torcs, often with animal head terminals, are found in the art of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, with some other elements derived from Scythian art. To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" decoration drawing on styles from the east. Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily decorated at the continuous front, with animal elements and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. The word "torc" originates from the Latin word "torquis," meaning "to twist. Celtic warriors of higher status frequently wore jewellery of gold, bronze, or iron around their necks and wrists as a mark of their rank in society. It was likely buried around 50 BCE, a date suggested by the lucky presence of a coin which was stuck in one of the terminals and radiocarbon data from wooden objects found near it. Many finds of torcs, particularly in groups and in association with other valuables but not associated with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose function is unclear. There are fine examples of ancient sterling silver torcs of Viking origin as well torcs of varied design from across the Europe from Ireland to modern day Iran. Guest posters wanted Other metals may have been used to make these pieces of jewellery, but it may be just hard wearing metals like gold and silver that have survived to this day. And if it was fit for a God, why would you take off a beautiful torc? Especially when it marked you out as someone important and displayed your great prosperity to such effect. The terminals are not stressed as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. An additive torc was later discovered nearby. Submit article Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. Ireland holds the record for the most Torcs found in any country; thirty-one, to be precise. Choose a torc that is neither too tight nor too heavy, and you should find that your torc is comfortable enough for everyday wear. The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. Accepting guest posts (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Sometimes the openings were decorated with animal shapes like rabbits, cats, boars, or bears. The word comes from the Latin ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist’, as a lot of pieces are twisted in shape. The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. Submit an article Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, continue a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, negotiable ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived preference for ribbon torcs, which continuing for over 1,000 years". Guest posters wanted And there is no doubt that they were unbelievably valuable heirlooms. The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. I joined the family business in 1964 after studying watchmaking. Other objects buried with the torc in a small pit were a sheet gold watchband and several other gold torcs, including one which was broken. Guest posting guidelines Another technique known as the ‘buffer technique’ embroiled forming two sheets of gold into hollow tubes, which were then bent into semi-circles before adding terminals. 6 cm, British Museum, 1963,0407. Some torcs have been given extra shine using the mercury gilding technique which leaves a pure gold surface after the mercury has been evaporated under heat. Please click for important information about custom-order items. The find was publicly proclaimed on 28 February 2017 at a press conference at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Hanley. Become an author The major part of the torc was found on 6 May 1965 in a field at West Hall Farm in Sedgeford, Norfolk by Dr Bernard G. In contrast, the gold torc from the 5th-century BCE Vix hoard in Burgundy, France, has spherical terminals and a small winged horse where the terminal and rope sections meet. This constant flexing caused a lot of stress to the metal neck rings of the torc. The Niederzier hoard found near Düren in Germany (1st century BCE) has gold bracelets which appear to be torcs with prominent terminals but are complete rings. Some may represent the work-in-progress of a workshop. No thanks, I don't want to personalise this item. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Please click for important information about custom-order items. I’ve included lots of photos I took at the National Museum of Ireland so you can see just a small selection of the torcs found in Ireland. It's important to remember that torcs are crafted of rigid metal, so there isn't the usual "give" that you will find with traditional necklaces. The most famous English example is the 1st-century BC multi-stranded alloy Snettisham Torc found in northwestern Norfolk in England (illustrated),[19] while the single hollow torc in the Broighter Gold hoard, with relief decoration all round the hoop, is the finest example of this type from Ireland, also 1st century BC. This may present the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Contribute to this site [18] The most expatiate late Insular torcs are thick and often hollow, some with terminals forming a ring or loop. The terminals mix embossed areas with chased 'basketwork', the craftworker using very fine tools to achieve this and to sharpen up the cast work and remove any imperfections. There are also plain circular shapes, styles with zoomorphics (carved animal heads) or other designs topping off each end, ‘flared’ gold that makes a wide crescent shape, and hollow torcs with stones or metal pieces inside them. Store Hours Until further notice, our showroom is open by appointment only. Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. However, this stunning piece has a gap in the front where you can widen it to slip around your neck easily. 350-250 BC, Pleurs, France, Copper alloy, Diam. Zweitasch; (c) Landesmuseum Wurttemberg, Stuttgart). Submit blog post The idea of a hinge was taken up in later British neck-rings found in south-western Britain. Many other Iron Age hoards have since been found in the vicinity, but the Great Torc is thoughtful by archaeologists to be the most decisive find from Snettisham. The terminals are hollow and were cast using moulds and welded to the ropes. 350-250 BC, Pleurs, France, Copper alloy, Diam. Submit post When they bumped into each other some time later and the King recognised him as the man who was gifted the torc, he relinquished his kingdom to him. Submitted by Mark Cartwright, published on 18 February 2021 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Email (will not be published) (required). The Great Torc from Snettisham or Snettisham Great Torc is a large, Iron Age metal torc or neck-ring, the most spectacular object in the Snettisham Hoard of torcs and other formation found near the village of Snettisham in Norfolk, East Anglia. Found in Derry beside the sea many have speculated that it represents an offering to a Celtic God of the Sea, Manannán mac Lir. The torc was nonheritable for the British Museum through the Duchy of Lancaster and with the assistance of the Christy Trust, and the finder, farmworker A. French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Contributor guidelines It may have been broken when it was buried, or broken at a later date by ploughing. Metals used included copper, bronze, silver, and gold. Metals used included copper, bronze, silver, and gold. The most famous English example is the 1st-century BC multi-stranded alloy Snettisham Torc found in northwestern Norfolk in England (illustrated),[19] while the single hollow torc in the Broighter Gold hoard, with relief decoration all round the hoop, is the finest example of this type from Ireland, also 1st century BC. Please allow 8 weeks for conveying. The sheer volume of work and the complex designs that evolved over 100’s of years of craft are spectacular to behold. Paula’s customer service is second to none. Become guest writer The torc was alleged cherish trove during an inquest held at Sedgeford on 29 December 1966. Twisted Torc of the Stirling Hoarddun_deagh (CC BY-SA). Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and University of Missouri. Follow us on Facebook and Instagram, to see what's new and coming. Guest posting guidelines Celtic torcs were made using metals such as gold, silver, copper, iron, and bronze. As well as symbolic power, torcs were said to have mythical or supernatural powers for the Celts. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. If anything, then, this object, like many others, illustrates the interconnected nature of Celtic Europe as ideas in art and techniques in crafts spread from one end of the continent to the other. 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. [2] Torc styles of neck-ring are found as part of the adornment styles of various other cultures and periods. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard restrained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. 150-50 BC, Snettisham, UK, Electrum, Diam. Of course, too, the two ideas may run together: deposits were made for both ritual purposes and as a means of safekeeping these objects, saved as they were by the sacredness of the site. Our piece of work has been reviewed for educational use by Common Sense Education, Internet Scout, Merlot II, OER Commons and School Library Journal. More elaborate designs were made by casting the metal first and then using a variety of more widely distributed techniques. Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Guest posting rules A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. No thanks, I don't want to personalise this item. This unisex torc features a unaltered Celtic design which looks perfectly stunning against neck. Some torcs have been given extra shine using the mercury gilding technique which leaves a pure gold surface after the mercury has been evaporated under heat. This iconic 1970's design combines the classic Celtic shape with 12 symbols that span Irish history, including the time of the Celts. The word "torc" originates from the Latin word "torquis," meaning "to twist. In Iberian torcs thin gold bars are often wound round a core of base metal, with the rear section a single round section with a decorated surface. Guest post: Click for important information. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. Suggest a post [2] Torc styles of neck-ring are found as part of the jewellery styles of various other cultures and periods. Some of my favourites were the big metal neck rings called torcs that were worn across much of Europe (and beyond) around 2000 years ago. 150 – 50 BC, Ken Hill, Silver, Diam. In ancient Celtic cultures, torcs were a common form of jewellery and were made from bronze, copper, silver, and gold. Campbell the landowner, after the field had been harrowed.


Great Torc from Snettisham guest post opportunities

Torcs were highly prized items for this reason and top of the list of coveted gold if the Celts were ever defeated. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Torques de Foxados: Gallaecian torc with double "scotia" terminals and 6-fold interchangeable latticed motive. Several bands could be twisted around themselves or spiralled around a core of iron or even wood. The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. This is the result of it being repeatedly pulled open to be slipped on. The terminals are not emphasized as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. It had been buried with a watch bracelet and coin, which helped to date the torc to around 75 BC. This type of torc is put on and taken off by being bent out of shape. The terminals are not stressed as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. Guest post courtesy of Sometimes the openings were decorated with animal shapes like rabbits, cats, boars, or bears. Contributing writer Enter personalized text in the box below. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Submit content Although this is one of the most famous examples, the form is typical: open at the front, with a flexible neck-ring made of coiled or twisted wires. Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. The torcs were likely deposited all together c. Other Celtic torcs may use various ways of forming the hoop: plain or patterned round bars, two or more bars twisted together, thin round rods (or thick wire) wound round a core, or woven gold wire. The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. The torcs were probably worn by wealthy and powerful women, perhaps people from the Continent who had married into the local community. I had a go at making a torc myself, closely based on this one:. [2] Torc styles of neck-ring are found as part of the jewellery styles of various other cultures and periods. On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. 9 cm, British Museum, 1951,0402. Accepting guest posts The attending of coins with torcs might hint at the latter purpose but the sheer concept of gold in some hoards would suggest they were too valuable to be owned by a single person or family and so perhaps these were ritual hotspots which generations of people dedicated valuables to over many years. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. On a visit to the National Museum of Ireland, you are sure to be struck by Ireland’s fantastic history of metalwork. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. Guest post policy [10][4] In December 2017, following a £325,000 fundraising campaign, the torcs went on ineradicable display at the museum. Piecing together how these objects came to be carefully buried in a Staffordshire field will give us an priceless insight into life in Iron Age Britain. You can send us a note or give us a call—the Dublin workshop is here to make sure that you have a perfect experience from start to finish with My Irish Jeweler. Paula’s customer service is second to none. The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. I could not be happier with the bespoke necklace Eileen created, it is beautiful! Paula could not have been more helpful in aiding me in designing a custom piece and ensuring that it would be cre(. In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off. It also weighs nearly seven kilos! And if you did wear it, which way up would it go? It seems designed to be viewed upright, like in the picture. 2 lbs) in gold, they were certainly a handy and sometimes highly decorative form of portable wealth. By using this site you accept the use of cookies OK. Model chariot from the Oxus Treasure, with both figures wearing torcs. In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off. Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. And the Celts in Ireland seem to be especially prolific, with Ireland holding the record for the most torcs discovered to date. Submit guest article [3] It has since been reunited with the rest of the Sedgeford Torc at the British Museum. Publish your guest post Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. Many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been nasty to remove. Finally, another famous sculpture, the sandstone Mšecké Žehrovice head from the Czech Republic, which dates to around the 2nd century BCE, also wears a thick torc around the neck. Join a growing vocation of people oecumenical who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. The Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres". Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. I welcome lovers of Irish and Celtic Jewelry to visit us, either in person to our new Showroom in Dublin, or here on our website. The Vix Grave was the burial place of a noble woman that had somehow never been looted. However, the Celts seemed to be especially enamored with the torc, masterfully crafting thousands of pieces, and even representational process their gods and goddesses wearing them. Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. This is the result of it being repeatedly pulled open to be slipped on. Join our Email list for early offers and special features. The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic social anthropology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup caldron. Some very in an elaborate way worked torcs with relief decoration in a late form of La Tène style have been found in Britain and Ireland, dating from roughly the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. Guest post courtesy of The torc was alleged cherish trove during an inquest held at Sedgeford on 29 December 1966. The torc is now displayed at the British Museum. Guest post guidelines Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. Another hint at a ritual burial is the fact that in some hoards where sixfold torcs have been found each wristband has been rib through another to form a chain. The torcs were probably worn by wealthy and powerful women, perhaps people from the Continent who had married into the local community. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. Become a guest blogger Discovered in marshy ground near Mooghaun lake in Co. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. A Torc (also spelled ‘torque’ or ‘torq’) is large ring made out of precious metal, usually open at one end and worn around the neck. 350 BC, Susa, with ribbed hoop, animal head terminals, and stone inlays, from the Acropole Tomb. Although it may have started out as little more than an ornament, over time the torc became attributed to great warriors. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. When you bend metal in this way, it tends to harden and become brittle. Two East Anglian looped torcs from the Ipswich Hoard. [32] The terminals were often slightly flared plain round cylinders which were folded back to hook round each other to fasten the torc at the throat. 350 BC, Susa, with ribbed hoop, animal head terminals, and stone inlays, from the Acropole Tomb. Many surviving torcs have been found in shallow pits, most likely put there for a ritual purpose as a votive content or simply for safekeeping, and, with some weighing over a kilo (2. 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. Torcs likely had a spiritual symbolism, and it is perhaps for this reason depictions in art of Celtic gods often show them wearing or holding torcs. Nevertheless, that this item form of jewellery did have some meaning other than the value of its material is evident in such instances as the gift the Gauls gave the Roman emperor Augustus (r. They are most often made of gold or bronze, but torcs of silver, copper and other metals have been found too. Finally, Diodorus Siculus of Sicily, writing in the 1st century BCE, noted of Celtic warriors:. Guest blogger Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. Would you like to change to a currency better suited to your location?. Submit your content On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week:. [5] The end was found by retired alchemy lecturer Dr. The torc was reserved for the nobility of Celtic societies who wore them in battle and during various rituals. Customer Service Hours Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Saturday: 11:00AM–2:00PM. 229/235 CE) describes Boudicca (d. I welcome lovers of Irish and Celtic Jewelry to visit us, either in person to our new Showroom in Dublin, or here on our website. Submit guest article [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". Torcs were highly prized items for this reason and top of the list of coveted gold if the Celts were ever defeated. Even the heaviest of torcs are comfortable to wear, but the weight is up to personal preference. 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double clay sculpture called scotiae. Most Achaemenid torcs are thin single round bars with matching animal heads as the terminals, facing each other at the front. If you anneal the metal – heat it up to cherry-red temperature, around 600–700 degrees centigrade – it re-softens. Suggest a post However it was used, the torc was obviously a powerful symbol. Later Celtic torcs nearly all return to having a break at the throat and strong emphasis on the two terminals. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are flattened balls under lions' feet. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. [1][2] The jewellery and one of the neck rings are made with twisted gold wire, and the other neck rings have finials shaped like trumpets. Publish your guest post Please click for important information about custom-order items. Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Want to contribute to our website Last modified February 18, 2021. The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. Want to contribute to our website The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. This is the result of it being repeatedly pulled open to be slipped on. Guest author Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. The Trichtingen silver torc with bull heads, perhaps 2nd century BC. See our Irish Handmade Torc Jewelry including Torc Bracelets, Necklaces,Pendants, Cufflinks and Tiepins. Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. Obviously, torcs were worn around the neck. 150-50 BC, Snettisham, UK, Electrum, Diam. The gap isn’t wide enough to squeeze your head in, and there is a solid iron core under the silver, so it couldn’t have been bent. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff".


Sedgeford Torc contribute to this site

It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. Thanks! We haven’t been called Rebel county craft makers before, we love it 🙂. Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. Sponsored post by Historians do say that most were designed for permanent wear, but some were so heavy that this seems unlikely; these were likely ‘special’ torcs reserved for important occasions while ‘everyday’ torcs were worn at other times. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". The Ipswich Hoard includes unfinished torcs that give clear evidence of the stages of work. Submit blog post In addition, several of the godlike figures on the exterior of the cauldron are wearing torcs around their necks. When you consider that some torcs weigh several kilos, it seems fair to give someone that title if they had to run around for several hours at a time with that around their neck!. For that reason there is a humorous amount of substance around about torcs, so here is a condensed version that includes thing you could possibly want to find out about this intriguing ancient fashion accessory. To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" decoration drawing on styles from the east. I get a great kick out of conjunctive people to our lovely Island and helping them get a future family heirloom, a perfect piece of Irish or Celtic Jewelery for them to cherish. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. It is held in the highest regard along side ancient Irish treasures like the Ardagh Chalice, The Book of Kells or the Tara Brooch. This iconic 1970's design combines the classic Celtic shape with 12 symbols that span Irish history, including the time of the Celts. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. I think it’s most likely that torcs such as the one above weren’t worn at all. It is considered so similar to the Newark Torc, found in Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire, that it might have been made by the same craftsman. The find was publicly proclaimed on 28 February 2017 at a press conference at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Hanley. Not only was the pendant amazing but the display and the parcel it came in was exquisite. 61 CE), chief of the Iceni, as wearing a twisted gold jewellery in battle. Join a growing vocation of people oecumenical who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. I’ve tried with replicas, and I tend to slip mine on from the back, so there are different ways of doing it. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. This idea of a scared area is further supported by such hoards as the Snettisham hoard in England (see below) which consisted of 12 separate deposits. Like other elite Celtic pieces in the "orientalizing" style, the decoration shows Greek influence but not a classical style, and the piece may have been made by Greeks in the Celtic taste, or a "Graeco-Etruscan workshop", or by Celts with foreign preparation. Writers wanted They amass a great quantity of gold which is used for ornament not only by the women but also by the men. More elaborate designs were made by casting the metal first and then using a variety of more widely distributed techniques. Submit post As a result of the coroner's finding, the items were offered for sale to museums at a price set by an independent board of antiquities experts known as the Treasure Valuation Committee, with the finders and landowners sharing the money paid by the museum that buys them. 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double ornament called scotiae. Guest post policy They are formed either with smooth, hollow, or twisted bands. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. Thanks! We haven’t been called Rebel county craft makers before, we love it 🙂. Then three of these paired wires were twisted together in the opposite direction to make a rope (comprising six avant-garde wires). They amass a great quantity of gold which is used for ornament not only by the women but also by the men. But there are some torcs which I don’t think could be opened up, such as this one from Trichtingen in Germany, which also appeared in the Celts exhibition:. [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. Guest post [18] The most expatiate late Insular torcs are thick and often hollow, some with terminals forming a ring or loop. The Belstead Brook Torc is now on display in the British Museum. The torc was buried deliberately, and as such is considered a hoarded object. The best examples are right here in Ireland – and we’re not just saying that. I wonder if being the proud owner of a ‘vintage’ torc (old enough to be in need of royal poinciana repairs) might have been something to be proud of. Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily gilt-edged at the continuous front, with animal weather condition and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. [24] Pliny the Elder records that after a battle in 386 BC (long before his lifetime) the Romans healed 183 torcs from the Celtic dead, and similar booty is mentioned by other authors. Another hint at a ritual burial is the fact that in some hoards where sixfold torcs have been found each wristband has been rib through another to form a chain. The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). The Stirling hoard and many others like it consisted of several torcs buried together in shallow pits but whether this was as a votive speech act or merely as a safe deposit is difficult to determine. You can read some testimonials from our customers here. When worn they would have given the impression of a solid ring of metal, but in fact they were relatively easy to put on and take off. In memory of Melvin R Seiden Sheila M Streek Stephen and Julie Fitzgerald Fund for the Future donors. Owning and wearing a torc singled out the wearer as a person to be reckoned with, someone of very high status. Piecing together how these objects came to be carefully buried in a Staffordshire field will give us an priceless insight into life in Iron Age Britain. The best examples are right here in Ireland – and we’re not just saying that. Want to write for Other Celtic torcs may use various ways of forming the hoop: plain or patterned round bars, two or more bars twisted together, thin round rods (or thick wire) wound round a core, or woven gold wire. And you can’t but be affected by pieces like this twisted early Bronze Age Gold ribbon torc with a hook and eye closure. Contributor guidelines Many surviving torcs have been found in shallow pits, most likely put there for a ritual purpose as a votive content or simply for safekeeping, and, with some weighing over a kilo (2. With such an iconic and instantly recognisable shape and colourful history, the Celtic Torc is a perfect piece for those that love ancient Irish history and craft. Measure your neck and allow for some movement when choosing the size. The Celtic torc disappears in the Migration Period, but during the Viking Age torc-style metal necklaces, now mainly in silver, came back into fashion. Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). The torcs were likely deposited all together c. Elaborate examples, sometimes hollow, used a variety of techniques but complex decoration was usually begun by casting and then worked by further techniques. Or just imagine being the person to happen across the Late Bronze age Mooghaun Gold Horde. From these miniaturised torcs a popular form of jewellery then developed; the penannular brooch. Submit post The terminals would have been made separately and then soldered on. Other Celtic torcs may use various ways of forming the hoop: plain or patterned round bars, two or more bars twisted together, thin round rods (or thick wire) wound round a core, or woven gold wire. Submit article The Vix Grave was the burial place of a noble woman that had somehow never been looted. Many people are interested in kilts, and all things Celtic, but are unsure of the history of this famous garment. The Celtic torc disappears in the Migration Period, but during the Viking Age torc-style metal necklaces, now mainly in silver, came back into fashion. It is considered so similar to the Newark Torc, found in Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire, that it might have been made by the same craftsman. Many Celtic warriors wore a torc necklace, and depictions in art show this, the most famous example being the Dying Gaul statue of the Capitoline Museums in Rome. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. Become a contributor Celts wore torcs to demonstrate that they were free-born. How did the wearer get a thick torc around the neck without distorting it badly while scattering it open wide enough to get it around the articulation of the neck?. The torc was made in two ways: complex threads of metal were grouped into ropes and twisted around each other to create the crescent shaped necklace; the ends of the torc were cast in moulds with La Tène designs and welded onto the metal ropes to create the whole composition. 350 BC, Susa, with ribbed hoop, animal head terminals, and stone inlays, from the Acropole Tomb. With such an iconic and instantly recognisable shape and colourful history, the Celtic Torc is a perfect piece for those that love ancient Irish history and craft. In some parts thick heavy torcs were common, whereas in others delicate, complex designs have been found. Publish your guest post Choose a torc that is neither too tight nor too heavy, and you should find that your torc is comfortable enough for everyday wear. Torcs are premeditated to hold their shape no matter how many times you widen the opening!. Choose a torc that is neither too tight nor too heavy, and you should find that your torc is comfortable enough for everyday wear. Not only was the pendant amazing but the display and the parcel it came in was exquisite. They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. Submitting a guest post Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. But the most performance of all has to be the Broighter Collar, a later Iron Age piece. Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. Publish your guest post It can be worn as an arm ring, a circular neck ring, or a jewellery that is open-ended at the front. Click for important information. Blog for us This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. There are several types of rigid gold and sometimes bronze necklaces and collars of the later European Bronze Age, from around 1200 BC, many of which are classed as "torcs". Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". Guest posting rules The celts themselves may well have considered torcs, if not as a monetary system per se, at least as a handy form of portable wealth, especially so when an army was on the move. Torcs are made by twisting metal strands together. They are often depicted in Celtic art being held or worn by deities, and they also pop up in several ancient Irish stories. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). An interior panel of the cauldron shows a godlike figure with antlers sitting cross-legged and wearing a torc around his neck. Torcs were valuable heirlooms and passed down with pride. The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages.


Great Torc from Snettisham want to write for

World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit establishment. Northern Gallaeci torc (Artabri type with "pear" terminals) Galicia, showing construction, and decoration of the hoop. Accepting guest posts Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. For the Celtic tribes of Scotland, torcs were a mystical item with fine examples given as votive offerings to pre-Christian gods. The Roman writer Cassius Dio (c. One of the things I was asked most often is, ‘But how did you put them on?!’ It’s a very good question, seeing as they often look like solid metal rings with nowhere near enough space to squeeze your neck through. Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic social anthropology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup caldron. We have many examples of truly beautiful neck-rings which were worn to destruction – taken on and off so many times that they broke at the back. [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineated the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, fighting at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. Torcs are also found in Thraco-Cimmerian art. It dates to around 400–250 BCE and is probably the soonest Iron Age gold work ever discovered in Britain. Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. Torcs were highly prized items for this reason and top of the list of coveted gold if the Celts were ever defeated. This unique find is of worldwide importance. 5 cm, Württembergisches Landesmuseum Stuttgart, A 28/61. Like other elite Celtic pieces in the "orientalizing" style, the decoration shows Greek influence but not a classical style, and the piece may have been made by Greeks in the Celtic taste, or a "Graeco-Etruscan workshop", or by Celts with foreign preparation. Sponsored post Celtic God, Gundestrup CauldronUnknown Artist (Public Domain). Would you like to change to a currency better suited to your location?. Guest-blogger A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. These hoards are most likely collections held by the highest ranking Celtic families, passed down through generations and hidden for safekeeping. Guest post: See our Irish Handmade Torc Jewelry including Torc Bracelets, Necklaces,Pendants, Cufflinks and Tiepins. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. 208-125 BCE) noted that the Gauls who invaded Italy in 225 BCE wore gold necklaces and bracelets. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". Torcs likely had a spiritual symbolism, and it is perhaps for this reason depictions in art of Celtic gods often show them wearing or holding torcs. Celts: art and identity is at the British Museum until 31 January 2016. A fine example of this type is the copper alloy Lochar Moss torc from Scotland, which now resides in the British Museum in London. The torc may have travelled as a diplomatic gift or been an object of interregional trade. You can read some testimonials from our customers here. Often torcs have been found alongside female remains, suggesting that they were used in burial rituals. Suggest a post Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. My Grandfather ran Gavin's Jewellers in Dublin for many years before my father opened College House Jewellers in 1963. Collectively, these objects are known as the Snettisham burial hoard. Examples from Spain and Portugal sometimes have a very thin band and heavy terminals shaped like an hourglass. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Publish your guest post Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. The Vix Grave was the burial place of a noble woman that had somehow never been looted. Torcs were effectively Celtic Status Symbols. Submit blog post 200-50 BC, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, silver, iron, D 29. Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily decorated at the continuous front, with animal elements and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. Looking for guest posts 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. It's important to remember that torcs are crafted of rigid metal, so there isn't the usual "give" that you will find with traditional necklaces. 61 CE), chief of the Iceni, as wearing a twisted gold jewellery in battle. Finally, another famous sculpture, the sandstone Mšecké Žehrovice head from the Czech Republic, which dates to around the 2nd century BCE, also wears a thick torc around the neck. Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. Torcs (sometimes spelt torques, from the Latin) were meant to be worn around the neck and wrist and have been found across Celtic Europe from Iberia to Bohemia. Choose a torc that is neither too tight nor too heavy, and you should find that your torc is comfortable enough for everyday wear. We closed the doors of College House for the final time in 2011 but since then I have delighted in sharing our Irish and Celtic Jewelry with a global audience online. The Roman writer Cassius Dio (c. Become an author The Belstead Brook torc was part of a hoard of five gold torcs found near Belstead Brook, Ipswich, England in 1968 CE. You can send us a note or give us a call—the Dublin workshop is here to make sure that you have a perfect experience from start to finish with My Irish Jeweler. Sponsored post: (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. The terminals would have been made separately and then soldered on. [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. Publish your guest post I wonder if being the proud owner of a ‘vintage’ torc (old enough to be in need of royal poinciana repairs) might have been something to be proud of. It is not clear whether the Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres", a sculpture of a soldier in Roman military dress, wears a torc as part of his Roman uniform or as a reflection of his Celtic concomitant. VAT Registration No 751 4174 44. The torcs were probably worn by wealthy and powerful women, perhaps people from the Continent who had married into the local community. This is the result of it being repeatedly pulled open to be slipped on. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard contained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. However, thinner wires are used to the torcs lighter. [2] They also found no bear witness of a settlement or grave on the site. 37  (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). There seems to be a problem completing the request at present. Please click for important information about custom-order items. The body of the Great Torc is self-contained of 64 strands which are twisted into eight ropes, each comprising eight strands. A much more spectacular haul was made in 191 BCE when a Roman army defeated a Celt army at Bologna and amassed a war booty of 1,500 gold torcs. The terminals would have been made separately and then soldered on. Sponsored post: The Stirling hoard and many others like it consisted of several torcs buried together in shallow pits but whether this was as a votive speech act or merely as a safe deposit is difficult to determine. Guest contributor guidelines Torcs likely had a spiritual symbolism, and it is perhaps for this reason depictions in art of Celtic gods often show them wearing or holding torcs. [1][2] The jewellery and one of the neck rings are made with twisted gold wire, and the other neck rings have finials shaped like trumpets. Most Torc’s are open at one side, although a few designs had hook and ring closures or grab catches to close them. Obviously, torcs were worn around the neck. This post was written by The men had permission from the landowner for the search. Guest post opportunities Torcs are found in the Tolstaya burial and the Karagodeuashk kurgan (Kuban area), both dating to the 4th century BC. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Guest post courtesy of Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and University of Missouri. I get a great kick out of conjunctive people to our lovely Island and helping them get a future family heirloom, a perfect piece of Irish or Celtic Jewelery for them to cherish. In addition, several of the godlike figures on the exterior of the cauldron are wearing torcs around their necks. The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. If you have questions, we have answers. Torcs are a type of Scythian, Illyrian, Thracian and Celtic jewellery, produced in the European Iron Age, from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. The find consists of three neck torcs and a smaller bracelet, which were located in proximity to each other. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The torc is perhaps originally from Thrace or Persia or was made imitating the style of art prevalent in those locations where bovine heads were a popular motif. The historian Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus, writing in the 1st century BCE, recorded that a gold torc was dedicated to the goddess Minerva in Massilia by Catamandus, a Gaul prince. Another hint at a ritual burial is the fact that in some hoards where sixfold torcs have been found each wristband has been rib through another to form a chain. In Iberian torcs thin gold bars are often wound round a core of base metal, with the rear section a single round section with a decorated surface. 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. Become a guest blogger Many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been difficult to remove. Rather than an unfortunate accident, breakage could have been part of the natural lifecycle of a torc. The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. Guest article The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. Other Celtic torcs may use various ways of forming the hoop: plain or patterned round bars, two or more bars twisted together, thin round rods (or thick wire) wound round a core, or woven gold wire. The most famous and elaborate example of a Celtic torc, or any torc for that matter, was found in The Broighter Hoard in 1896 on a farm near Lough Foyle in County Derry. It also weighs nearly seven kilos! And if you did wear it, which way up would it go? It seems designed to be viewed upright, like in the picture. They were generally accompanied by smaller armlets and bracelets, not needfully co-ordinated. 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double clay sculpture called scotiae.


Sedgeford Torc guest posts wanted

Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and University of Missouri. There seems to be a problem completing the request at present. It may have been broken when it was buried, or broken at a later date by ploughing. [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineate the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, conflict at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. Submitting a guest post Would you like to change to a currency better suited to your location?. Guest article Lightweight torcs also use fewer wires in the twisting, so overall, the torcs are more delicate and lighter to wear. Perhaps the most famous examples can be seen in the Gundestrup Cauldron, a c. Submit guest post No thanks, I don't want to personalise this item. There may be a shape with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborate gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. There may be a connective with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborated gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. Some have been found broken into pieces by opponents who possibly feared their powers. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others believing there were two periods of production. We offer our site in number of different currencies. Contributor guidelines The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. You can send us a note or give us a call—the Dublin workshop is here to make sure that you have a perfect experience from start to finish with My Irish Jeweler. The loop terminals of the torc have designs in relief of bosses and scrolls, motifs typical of late Iron Age Britain. A collection of impressive Bronze Age and Iron Age torcs is held at the National Museum of Scotland. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Guest post policy Depictions of gods and Celtic warriors in ancient art often show these figures wearing a torc around their necks. With such an iconic and instantly recognisable shape and colourful history, the Celtic Torc is a perfect piece for those that love ancient Irish history and craft. 229/235 CE) describes Boudicca (d. Guest posts Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. Subsequent archaeological examination of the area did not uncover further objects. Real ancient torcs can be found in almost every historical museum in Ireland and the UK, and end-to-end dry land Europe. Torcs are also found in Thraco-Cimmerian art. The torc was reserved for the nobility of Celtic societies who wore them in battle and during various rituals. Even the heaviest of torcs are comfortable to wear, but the weight is up to personal preference. Snettisham Great TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Guest posting guidelines Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. Submit a guest post Sign up to our mailing list for news, discounts, offers and promotions. Sponsored post The torc was buried deliberately, and as such is considered a hoarded object. Guest post courtesy of This may represent the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Want to contribute to our website For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history profession planetary. [7] There are several flared gold torcs with a C-shaped section in the huge Mooghaun North Hoard of Late Bronze Age gold from 800 to 700 BC found in County Clare in Ireland. The same thing happened to some torcs. Sign up to our mailing list for news, discounts, offers and promotions. Submit a guest post A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a rigid piece of syntactic category adornment made from twisted metal. Celts: art and identity is at the British Museum until 31 January 2016. Contributor guidelines It was discovered by natural event by a farmer tilling his field in 1950 CE. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large rigid or stiff neck ring in metal, made either as a single piece or from strands twisted together. If there is one piece of jewelry to define these ancient societies, the Irish torc is it. Read more from Julia Farley on the Celts here. Later Celtic torcs nearly all return to having a break at the throat and strong emphasis on the two terminals. The Roman appreciation of torcs sure enough continued long after they had conquered Celtic tribes. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. Contributing writer Roman soldiers often wore miniature torcs on their chest armour, which had been given as a reward for valour. Rather than an unfortunate accident, breakage could have been part of the natural lifecycle of a torc. You can send us a note or give us a call—the Dublin workshop is here to make sure that you have a perfect experience from start to finish with My Irish Jeweler. The torc was accidentally found in 1950 by a farmer ploughing a field at Ken Hill near the village of Snettisham. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. They amass a great quantity of gold which is used for ornament not only by the women but also by the men. The National Museum of Denmark. Torcs perhaps were thought to in some way protect the wearer just as animal totems were carried on shields and swords. The Sedgeford Torc is a broken Iron Age gold torc found near the village of Sedgeford in Norfolk. Guest column After this, Romans adopted the torc as a artifact for distinguished soldiers and elite units during Republican times. Write for us Indeed the Broighter Collar is one of the finest pieces of surviving Celtic metalworking anywhere in the world today. For the Iron Age Celts, the gold torc seems to have been a key object. And if it was fit for a God, why would you take off a beautiful torc? Especially when it marked you out as someone important and displayed your great prosperity to such effect. Enter personalized text in the box below. Torc, 2nd Iron Age, Castro Culture, Iberian Peninsula, National Archaeology Museum, Portugal. Publish your guest post Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. Celts: art and identity is at the British Museum until 31 January 2016. 27 BCE - 14 CE), a massive gold torc far too heavy to ever wear. Submit blog post Torcs were such high value items that at least a few pieces seem to have been made as offerings to Celtic Gods. Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. Want to write for When this Celtic army was defeated their torcs and battle standards were hung up for public display in the Capitol of Rome. Publish your guest post Ireland holds the record for the most Torcs found in any country; thirty-one, to be precise. As well as symbolic power, torcs were said to have mythical or supernatural powers for the Celts. Given the large amount of precious metals found at the site, in arithmetic operation to the hi-tech design of luxurious jewellery such as this, it has been conjectured that the area around Snettisham may have been connected with royalty from the Iceni tribe, that was based in this part of England at the time. Most Torc’s are open at one side, although a few designs had hook and ring closures or grab catches to close them. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. Owning and wearing a torc singled out the wearer as a person to be reckoned with, someone of very high status. Torcs are made by twisting metal strands together. The Roman appreciation of torcs sure enough continued long after they had conquered Celtic tribes. Some of my favourites were the big metal neck rings called torcs that were worn across much of Europe (and beyond) around 2000 years ago. Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily decorated at the continuous front, with animal elements and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. This is a guest post by There are fine examples of ancient sterling silver torcs of Viking origin as well torcs of varied design from across the Europe from Ireland to modern day Iran. Guest post policy Torcs (sometimes spelt torques, from the Latin) were meant to be worn around the neck and wrist and have been found across Celtic Europe from Iberia to Bohemia. [2] They also found no bear witness of a settlement or grave on the site. Two East Anglian looped torcs from the Ipswich Hoard. blessings to the rebel county crafts makers. Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. Become a contributor They were also thought to represent Celtic gods and ward off evil spirits. Please click for chief information about custom-order items. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. Steve Hammond during fieldwork by the Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project in 2004. Submit an article With her was a chariot, six fibulae, seven bracelets, imported objects from ancient Italy and Greece, and two torcs among other bits and pieces. Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. Guest-blogger Others have broken at certain points and some have even been repaired. Torcs are also found in Thraco-Cimmerian art. They found the first three torcs separately, approximately 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) beneath the surface of the field[8] and around 3. [10][4] In December 2017, following a £325,000 fundraising campaign, the torcs went on ineradicable display at the museum. The twisted band of this sterling silver bracelet is like a shot elysian by the craft of ancient Celtic Torcs. Basic torc designs were made simply by single or multiple intertwined rods of whatever metal was being used. 150-50 BC, Snettisham, UK, Electrum, Diam. Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. The torc was accidentally found in 1950 by a farmer ploughing a field at Ken Hill near the village of Snettisham. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. This unisex torc features a unaltered Celtic design which looks perfectly stunning against neck. Celtic Torc, Belstead BrookThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Indeed so much so that the design of many torcs would have made them difficult to take off, so they may have been worn quite continuously! No mean feat when you consider that many designs would have weighed several pounds. Hi Bob, that’s a good question! The torc would have been put on and taken off by bending and exercising the piece. Guest post For the Celtic tribes of Scotland, torcs were a mystical item with fine examples given as votive offerings to pre-Christian gods. The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. Smaller bracelets and armlets worn around the wrist or on the upper arm sometimes share very similar forms. [1] The weight of the pieces varies from 31 grams (1 oz) to 230 grams (8 oz),[5] and over 350 grams (10 oz) in total. The torc was buried deliberately, and as such is considered a hoarded object. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Suggest a post The Trichtingen TorcLandesmuseum Württemberg (CC BY-SA).


The History of The Celtic Torc articles wanted

The best examples are right here in Ireland – and we’re not just saying that. Articles wanted Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. It includes the Broighter Hoard and other famous artefacts such as the Ardagh Chalice, Tara Brooch and Derrynaflan Hoard. Guest post Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. Lightweight torcs are barely noticeable and are simple for familiar wear. Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. 27 BCE - 14 CE), a massive gold torc far too heavy to ever wear. Another possible depiction of Cernunnos, this time in the form of a 1st-century BCE bronze figure found in Bouray near Paris, has him wearing a torc around his neck. The intricate and highly decorative style of this collar is associated with the Le Tène culture that many think of as synonymous with Celtic design. 1714 (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Have a inquiring or something you're not entirely sure about when browsing our pieces? Please reach out. Guest posts [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps enabling closure by hooking round. [3] A missing piece of the smallest torc was discovered by the original metal detectorists on 26 February 2017. Become an author I wonder if being the proud owner of a ‘vintage’ torc (old enough to be in need of royal poinciana repairs) might have been something to be proud of. Guest posters wanted Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. The terminals are hollow and were cast using moulds and welded to the ropes. We appreciate that life these days may not accommodate a necklace that weighs several pounds and can’t be taken off so the designs are adapted to be more wearable and indeed affordable! This 9k gold Celtic necklace has a striking design that is inspired by the golden Celtic Collars of our ancestors. 21 cm, British Museum, 1991,0407. The Niederzier hoard found near Düren in Germany (1st century BCE) has gold bracelets which appear to be torcs with prominent terminals but are complete rings. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Some very in an elaborate way worked torcs with relief decoration in a late form of La Tène style have been found in Britain and Ireland, dating from roughly the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. Another possible depiction of Cernunnos, this time in the form of a 1st-century BCE bronze figure found in Bouray near Paris, has him wearing a torc around his neck. They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. This constant flexing caused a lot of stress to the metal neck rings of the torc. The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. Guest post HE ABSOLUTELY LOVES HIS RING AND HAS GOTTEN COMPLIMENTED MANY MANY TIMES!! I WILL DEFINITELY BE BACK TO ORDER SOME OF THE OTHER BEAUTIFUL JEWELRY!! MY HUSBAND'S PARENTS ARE FROM IRELAND & WE LIVE(. Guest posting rules Rather than an unfortunate accident, breakage could have been part of the natural lifecycle of a torc. Looking for guest posts Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. The word "torc" originates from the Latin word "torquis," meaning "to twist. Elaborate examples, sometimes hollow, used a variety of techniques but complex decoration was usually begun by casting and then worked by further techniques. The find was publicly proclaimed on 28 February 2017 at a press conference at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Hanley. Lightweight torcs are barely noticeable and are simple for familiar wear. In both buffer types and those with projecting fringes of ornament, decoration in low relief often continues back round the hoop as far as the midpoint of the side view. On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. This is a guest post by For the Celts in particular, jewellery was a highly important symbol of a person’s status in society. Contribute to this site Later Celtic torcs nearly all return to having a break at the throat and strong emphasis on the two terminals. Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. The terminals mean bovine heads facing each other, with each animal wearing a torc of its own. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. Bibliography Related Content Books Cite This Work License. The sheer volume of work and the complex designs that evolved over 100’s of years of craft are spectacular to behold. The Torc has been a huge inspiration to many of our design concepts at Claddagh Design. Guest posting rules Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. latitude{white-space:nowrap}52°54′12″N 0°32′45″E / 52. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The flange-twisting technique of torc making involved cutting flanges into the body of the torc and, once fitted together, attachment them along the inner side to form a cross. However, thinner wires are used to the torcs lighter. The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. Guest author The Torc has been a huge inspiration to many of our design concepts at Claddagh Design. An additive torc was later discovered nearby. There may be a connective with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborated gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. A torc from the 1st century BC Winchester Hoard, is broadly in Celtic style but uses the Roman technique of laced gold wire, suggesting it may have been a "diplomatic gift" from a Roman to a British tribal king. I bought a Claddagh Pendant for my mams 70th natal day. In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. Guest posting Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. Thin torcs, often with animal head terminals, are found in the art of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, with some other elements derived from Scythian art. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. However for applicative reasons like wearability and affordability many Torcs crafted today differ from the ancient pieces on display at the National Museum of Ireland! Many pieces are somewhat smaller as there are not many that want a jewellery or bracelet that weighs several pounds! And for the traditional design, Torc style bracelets would be more common than garment as they are easier to put on and take off!. Some may represent the work-in-progress of a workshop. " A torc is simply a collar or necklace made from twisted metal. Submit a guest post Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was bestowed by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. Contributing writer In these two types the hoop itself normally has no extra decoration, though the large torc in the Irish Broighter Gold hoard is decorated all round the hoop, the only Irish example inlaid in this way. After this, Romans adopted the torc as a decoration for dignified soldiers and elite units during Republican times. They had no fixed plans as they surveyed the field, having started metal detecting as a hobby 18 months before (although Hambleton used to go metal-detecting with his father when he was young). The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. This iconic 1970's design combines the classic Celtic shape with 12 symbols that span Irish history, including the time of the Celts. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. Finally, another famous sculpture, the sandstone Mšecké Žehrovice head from the Czech Republic, which dates to around the 2nd century BCE, also wears a thick torc around the neck. Please allow 8 weeks for conveying. Contributing writer Some very in an elaborate way worked torcs with relief decoration in a late form of La Tène style have been found in Britain and Ireland, dating from roughly the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. Contribute to this site When you bend metal in this way, it tends to harden and become brittle. The terminals mix embossed areas with chased 'basketwork', the craftworker using very fine tools to achieve this and to sharpen up the cast work and remove any imperfections. The attending of coins with torcs might hint at the latter purpose but the sheer concept of gold in some hoards would suggest they were too valuable to be owned by a single person or family and so perhaps these were ritual hotspots which generations of people dedicated valuables to over many years. Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed separately. As ancient jewelry goes, the Torc is probably both the most unusual and the most widespread piece you can find. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. The historian Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus, writing in the 1st century BCE, recorded that a gold torc was dedicated to the goddess Minerva in Massilia by Catamandus, a Gaul prince. The accompanying book is open from the British Museum shop online. The torc was nonheritable for the British Museum through the Duchy of Lancaster and with the assistance of the Christy Trust, and the finder, farmworker A. Join a growing vocation of people oecumenical who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. Silver torc of two strands twisted together with double-loop terminals. I think it’s most likely that torcs such as the one above weren’t worn at all. Blog for us 1714 (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). And for Irish history buffs, we have the History of Ireland Torc available in Sterling Silver and Gold. On a visit to the National Museum of Ireland, you are sure to be struck by Ireland’s fantastic history of metalwork. It was the clearest possible sign of wealth and high rank. Torcs were valuable heirlooms and passed down with pride. Submitting a guest post Perhaps the most famous examples can be seen in the Gundestrup Cauldron, a c. Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. Suggest a post The hollow gold terminals, in a ring shape, were cast using the lost wax method, and is fringed in the La Tène style with moulded raised decoration of trumpet voids and circles, highlighted with pellets and cold hammering. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, carry on a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, flexible ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived advantage for ribbon torcs, which continued for over 1,000 years". Please click for important information about custom-order items. Please click for chief information about custom-order items. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double ornament called scotiae. Torc, 2nd Iron Age, Castro Culture, Iberian Peninsula, National Archaeology Museum, Portugal. As well as symbolic power, torcs were said to have mythical or supernatural powers for the Celts. This unique find is of worldwide importance. [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, probably dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). This may represent the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status.


Silver Torcs accepting guest posts

(Photo: (c) The National Museum of Denmark. The terminals would have been made separately and then soldered on. 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double ornament called scotiae. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. The main part of the torc was found during harrowing of a field in 1965,[1] and the missing terminal was found by Dr. [24] Pliny the Elder records that after a battle in 386 BC (long before his lifetime) the Romans healed 183 torcs from the Celtic dead, and similar booty is mentioned by other authors. I think it’s most likely that torcs such as the one above weren’t worn at all. It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. The torc was accidentally found in 1950 by a farmer ploughing a field at Ken Hill near the village of Snettisham. Also known by the name torque or torq depending on where you are, they were a hugely popular form of Bronze age jewellery. Some may represent the work-in-progress of a workshop. Become guest writer The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. They are believed to be the oldest Iron Age gold jewellery found in Britain. Thin torcs, often with animal head terminals, are found in the art of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, with some other elements derived from Scythian art. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. The word comes from the Latin ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist’, as a lot of pieces are twisted in shape. [5] H M Senior Coroner for Stoke-on-Trent and North Staffordshire, Ian Smith,[9] described the find as "not quite in the same league as the Staffordshire Hoard, but nevertheless exhilarating. Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. Most Torc’s are open at one side, although a few designs had hook and ring closures or grab catches to close them. Submit guest article A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. Another hint at a ritual burial is the fact that in some hoards where sixfold torcs have been found each wristband has been rib through another to form a chain. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. For the Celtic tribes of Scotland, torcs were a mystical item with fine examples given as votive offerings to pre-Christian gods. Many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been difficult to remove. The torc is now on display in the Landesmuseum Württemberg, Stuttgart. Snettisham Great TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Blog for us They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. If there is one piece of jewelry to define these ancient societies, the Irish torc is it. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". The torc is now displayed at the British Museum. Torcs were worn by men, women, and probably children, too. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large rigid or stiff neck ring in metal, made either as a single piece or from strands twisted together. Sponsored post: Another La Tène example was found as part of a hoard or ritual deposit buried near Erstfeld in Switzerland. [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, belike dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are flattened balls under lions' feet. This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. If anything, then, this object, like many others, illustrates the interconnected nature of Celtic Europe as ideas in art and techniques in crafts spread from one end of the continent to the other. The National Museum of Denmark. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". The British Museum arranged for a replica to be made, to be displayed at the Norwich Castle Museum. The torc is perhaps originally from Thrace or Persia or was made imitating the style of art prevalent in those locations where bovine heads were a popular motif. Blog for us Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. In 361 BCE, one Roman general, Titus Manlius, was even given the appellation Torquatus after he defeated and killed a warrior chief from Gaul in single combat and then took his torc as a victory prize. Others have broken at certain points and some have even been repaired. Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. In both buffer types and those with projecting fringes of ornament, decoration in low relief often continues back round the hoop as far as the midpoint of the side view. Want to write a post I could not be happier with the bespoke necklace Eileen created, it is beautiful! Paula could not have been more helpful in aiding me in designing a custom piece and ensuring that it would be cre(. [2][3] The torc is similar to the Great Torc from Snettisham and also to the Ipswich torcs, all of which are also in the British Museum. Torcs likely had a spiritual symbolism, and it is perhaps for this reason depictions in art of Celtic gods often show them wearing or holding torcs. When this Celtic army was defeated their torcs and battle standards were hung up for public display in the Capitol of Rome. The Belstead Brook Torc is now on display in the British Museum. The artefacts in hoards are almost always from varying dates and times, making it hard to locate an exact timeframe. Often torcs have been found alongside female remains, suggesting that they were used in burial rituals. The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. AD 50 – 150, Dorset, UK, Leaded brass, red enamel, Diam. [1][2] The jewellery and one of the neck rings are made with twisted gold wire, and the other neck rings have finials shaped like trumpets. [1][3] One of the latter has been broken into two pieces. In addition, several of the godlike figures on the exterior of the cauldron are wearing torcs around their necks. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. It is held in the highest regard along side ancient Irish treasures like the Ardagh Chalice, The Book of Kells or the Tara Brooch. It was discovered by natural event by a farmer tilling his field in 1950 CE. Want to write an article Read on for some answers to our most commonly asked questions. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Guest-post Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. Guest posting guidelines 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. According to Irish Mythology, on The Cattle Raid of Cooley, the lead warrior Morann the Arbiter allegedly had a magical torc that tightened around his neck any time he made a false human activity. Obviously, torcs were worn around the neck. 27 BCE - 14 CE), a massive gold torc far too heavy to ever wear. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. [3] It has since been reunited with the rest of the Sedgeford Torc at the British Museum. The terminals are not emphasized as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. See our Irish Handmade Torc Jewelry including Torc Bracelets, Necklaces,Pendants, Cufflinks and Tiepins. The perfectly intact torc is conspicuous for its high level of craftsmanship and superb artistry. Written by Peter Gavin on Oct 03, 2019 | 0 Comments. Ireland holds the record for the most Torcs found in any country; thirty-one, to be precise. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. Others have broken at certain points and some have even been repaired. Then there is an unusual example of a torc with a twisted form like a corkscrew and with disc terminals, which was found in the Stirling Hoard from Stirlingshire, Scotland (300-100 BCE). Guest-blogger This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. [32] The terminals were often slightly flared plain round cylinders which were folded back to hook round each other to fasten the torc at the throat. Free admission Open daily 10. Guest post Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. Submit guest post Celts: art and identity is at the British Museum until 31 January 2016. The attending of coins with torcs might hint at the latter purpose but the sheer concept of gold in some hoards would suggest they were too valuable to be owned by a single person or family and so perhaps these were ritual hotspots which generations of people dedicated valuables to over many years. The torc dates from 200-50 BC[3] and is made from twisted gold wires. Guest posters wanted 100 BC – AD 1, Gundestrup, Denmark, Silver, partially gilded, Diam. The two terminals are highly decorative. Submit a guest post Click for important information. But with the terminals at the back the bulls would have been hidden, and with the terminals at the front their heads would be upside down, not to mention how uncomfortable those horns would be, sticking into your collar bone…. 1621 (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum) Right: Copper alloy torc. One side may be raised from being repeatedly pulled open. Combining Celtic interlace with a classic open Torc shape this substantial bracelet is a striking piece that is also perfect for engraving on the inside band. Guest post courtesy of The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. The find was publicly proclaimed on 28 February 2017 at a press conference at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Hanley. Unusually this torc was coiled, a practice more common in Britain where the torc was coiled before being buried with its owner in a type of ‘decommissioning’ ritual. The word "torc" originates from the Latin word "torquis," meaning "to twist. […] Try National Museum of Ireland – Natural History, the National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology,  Chester Beatty Library, The Little Museum of Dublin, and […]. Enter personalized text in the box below. And ever since, I've made wonderful friends who've traveled from across the globe to visit our store to share their love for Irish and Celtic culture. Twisted Torc of the Stirling Hoarddun_deagh (CC BY-SA). Contribute to this site Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. And ever since, I've made wonderful friends who've traveled from across the globe to visit our store to share their love for Irish and Celtic culture. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large rigid or stiff neck ring in metal, made either as a single piece or from strands twisted unitedly. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history profession planetary. org/article/1687/ancient-celtic-torcs/. They were generally accompanied by smaller armlets and bracelets, not needfully co-ordinated. French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. Submitting a guest post But with the terminals at the back the bulls would have been hidden, and with the terminals at the front their heads would be upside down, not to mention how uncomfortable those horns would be, sticking into your collar bone…. [5] H M Senior Coroner for Stoke-on-Trent and North Staffordshire, Ian Smith,[9] described the find as "not quite in the same league as the Staffordshire Hoard, but nevertheless exhilarating. [17] After the early period, torcs are peculiarly prominent in the Celtic cultures reaching to a coast of the Atlantic, from modern Spain to Ireland, and on both sides of the English Channel. They found the first three torcs separately, approximately 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) beneath the surface of the field[8] and around 3. You may have experienced this first hand if you have ever wanted to break off a piece of wire for hanging a picture or working in the garden and did this by bending it back and forth until it broke. Free admission Open daily 10. Several bands could be twisted around themselves or spiralled around a core of iron or even wood. One of the torcs is a smaller bangle decorated with ornament in the style of Celtic art, and the other three are neck rings. The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides.


Great Torc from Snettisham submit guest article

Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. The hollow gold terminals, in a ring shape, were cast using the lost wax method, and is fringed in the La Tène style with moulded raised decoration of trumpet voids and circles, highlighted with pellets and cold hammering. There are mentions in medieval compilations of Irish mythology; for example in the Lebor Gabála Érenn (11th century) Elatha wore 5 golden torcs when meeting Eriu. There are fine examples of ancient sterling silver torcs of Viking origin as well torcs of varied design from across the Europe from Ireland to modern day Iran. The findspot is only two miles west of the site of the large Snettisham Hoard, which enclosed many gold torcs. It's important to remember that torcs are crafted of rigid metal, so there isn't the usual "give" that you will find with traditional necklaces. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large rigid or stiff neck ring in metal, made either as a single piece or from strands twisted unitedly. Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. No thanks, I don't want to personalise this item. Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was bestowed by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. Of it he says, "it is most like to gold in weight, nature, and colour; it is in four pieces wrought round, joined together artificially, and clefted as it were in the middle, with a dog's head, the teeth motility outward; it is prestigious by the inhabitants so powerful a relic, that no man dares swear falsely when it is laid before him. The find was publicly proclaimed on 28 February 2017 at a press conference at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Hanley. For the Celtic tribes of Scotland, torcs were a mystical item with fine examples given as votive offerings to pre-Christian gods. The British Museum Great Russell Street London WC1B 3DG United Kingdom. As well as symbolic power, torcs were said to have mythical or supernatural powers for the Celts. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. [2] At the time, Hambleton and Kania had not ascertained thing of note with their metal detectors besides Victorian coins. The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. As the harrow only penetrated a few inches, it is thought that the torc had been brought to near the surface by earlier deep ploughing. Northern Gallaeci torc (Artabri type with "pear" terminals) Galicia, showing construction, and decoration of the hoop. The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. This is a guest post by Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). 150-50 BC, Snettisham, UK, Electrum, Diam. Last modified February 18, 2021. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Another hint at a ritual burial is the fact that in some hoards where sixfold torcs have been found each wristband has been rib through another to form a chain. [7] There are several flared gold torcs with a C-shaped section in the huge Mooghaun North Hoard of Late Bronze Age gold from 800 to 700 BC found in County Clare in Ireland. And for Irish history buffs, we have the History of Ireland Torc available in Sterling Silver and Gold. Like other elite Celtic pieces in the "orientalizing" style, the decoration shows Greek tempt but not a classical style, and the piece may have been made by Greeks in the Celtic taste, or a "Graeco-Etruscan workshop", or by Celts with foreign activity. The National Museum of Denmark. The torc is made of silver-plated iron and displays outstanding artistic skill both in its detail and plating technique. This is a guest post by Customer Service Hours Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Saturday: 11:00AM–2:00PM. And divine by the spectacular craft of the Celts, we have a range of torc bracelets made in precious Gold or Sterling Silver. Want to contribute to our website They are most often made of gold or bronze, but torcs of silver, copper and other metals have been found too. [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps facultative closure by hooking round. Given the large amount of precious metals found at the site, in arithmetic operation to the hi-tech design of luxurious jewellery such as this, it has been conjectured that the area around Snettisham may have been connected with royalty from the Iceni tribe, that was based in this part of England at the time. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). It includes the Broighter Hoard and other famous artefacts such as the Ardagh Chalice, Tara Brooch and Derrynaflan Hoard. [3] It has since been reunited with the rest of the Sedgeford Torc at the British Museum. The artefacts in hoards are almost always from varying dates and times, making it hard to locate an exact timeframe. East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. "[27] It is of course possible action that this torc long pre-dated the reign of Prince Cynog and was a much earlier relic that had been recycled during the British Dark Ages to be used as a symbol of royal authority. It seems fair to deduce that given their generality through time, the torc and especially golden torcs were very important to the Celts.  It’s completely different to anything much of the jewelry we wear nowadays, and it has a long and varied history. (Photo: (c) The National Museum of Denmark. Achaemenid torc from Persia, c. The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. Many British torcs are a bit like this one:. Submit blog post The result, when finished, was a closely twisted pinwheel-shaped torc. As with other precious objects like Celtic bronze shields, torcs were given as votive offerings to gods. It is held in the highest regard along side ancient Irish treasures like the Ardagh Chalice, The Book of Kells or the Tara Brooch. The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. Guest post The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. They have a discreet hinge at the back, and a clasp at the front that was hidden when the terminals were closed. Torcs perhaps were thought to in some way protect the wearer just as animal totems were carried on shields and swords. In some parts thick heavy torcs were common, whereas in others delicate, complex designs have been found. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was unconcealed in September 2009. Often torcs have been found alongside female remains, suggesting that they were used in burial rituals. Sponsored post: Torcs were also thought to act as talismans, subject matter protection from evil forces, which explains why they were worn into battle. Lightweight torcs also use fewer wires in the twisting, so overall, the torcs are more delicate and lighter to wear. Torques de Foxados: Gallaecian torc with double "scotia" terminals and 6-fold interchangeable latticed motive. Read on for some answers to our most commonly asked questions. Want to write for The Celtic torc disappears in the Migration Period, but during the Viking Age torc-style metal necklaces, now mainly in silver, came back into fashion. After this, Romans adopted the torc as a decoration for dignified soldiers and elite units during Republican times. So many different types of torcs have been unconcealed in various locations. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. Of course, too, the two ideas may run together: deposits were made for both ritual purposes and as a means of safekeeping these objects, saved as they were by the sacredness of the site. 241-197 BCE) in honour of his victory over the Galatians. Torcs are found in the Tolstaya burial and the Karagodeuashk kurgan (Kuban area), both dating to the 4th century BC. Guest post [32] The terminals were often slightly flared plain round cylinders which were folded back to hook round each other to fasten the torc at the throat. Torcs are a type of Scythian, Illyrian, Thracian and Celtic jewellery, produced in the European Iron Age, from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The Ipswich Hoard includes unsmooth torcs that give clear attest of the stages of work. On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. Sign up to our mailing list for news, discounts, offers and promotions. They amass a great quantity of gold which is used for ornament not only by the women but also by the men. It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. Gold torcs were generally thought to be associated with royalty while bronze or copper torcs were used by slightly less noble members of society. 6 cm, British Museum, 1963,0407. It measures 56 cm (22 in) in diameter and dates to 150-50 BCE. Guest post: A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. 2 lbs) and was meant to be worn around the neck. Torcs are made by twisting metal strands together. [2] At the time, Hambleton and Kania had not ascertained thing of note with their metal detectors besides Victorian coins. Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. Guest author Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily gilt-edged at the continuous front, with animal weather condition and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. 150 – 50 BC, Ken Hill, Silver, Diam. There are also plain circular shapes, styles with zoomorphics (carved animal heads) or other designs topping off each end, ‘flared’ gold that makes a wide crescent shape, and hollow torcs with stones or metal pieces inside them. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. [17] After the early period, torcs are especially prominent in the Celtic cultures accomplishment to a coast of the Atlantic, from modern Spain to Ireland, and on both sides of the English Channel. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. The Stirling hoard and many others like it consisted of several torcs buried together in shallow pits but whether this was as a votive speech act or merely as a safe deposit is difficult to determine. One side may be raised from being repeatedly pulled open. Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic mythology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup cauldron. French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. As with other precious objects like Celtic bronze shields, torcs were given as votive offerings to gods. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. And ever since, I've made wonderful friends who've traveled from across the globe to visit our store to share their love for Irish and Celtic culture. Some very elaborately worked torcs with relief decoration in a late form of La Tène style have been found in Britain and Ireland, dating from roughly the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. Torcs are also found in Thraco-Cimmerian art. In the terminals of British torcs loops or rings are common, and the main hoop may be two or more round bars twisted together, or several strands each made up of twisted wire. Guest-post Later Celtic torcs nearly all return to having a break at the throat and strong emphasis on the two terminals. Finally, another famous sculpture, the sandstone Mšecké Žehrovice head from the Czech Republic, which dates to around the 2nd century BCE, also wears a thick torc around the neck. Click for important information. Later Celtic torcs nearly all return to having a break at the throat and strong emphasis on the two terminals. Hi Bob, that’s a good question! The torc would have been put on and taken off by bending and exercising the piece. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others believing there were two periods of production. [1] The weight of the pieces varies from 31 grams (1 oz) to 230 grams (8 oz),[5] and over 350 grams (10 oz) in total. Torcs can be made from twisted strands of metal with some later examples made from solid metal or even hollow tubes. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. It was, then, either made as a votive offering or once adorned a statue. I welcome lovers of Irish and Celtic Jewelry to visit us, either in person to our new Showroom in Dublin, or here on our website. Of it he says, "it is most like to gold in weight, nature, and colour; it is in four pieces wrought round, joined together artificially, and clefted as it were in the middle, with a dog's head, the teeth motility outward; it is prestigious by the inhabitants so powerful a relic, that no man dares swear falsely when it is laid before him. Become an author The terminals mix embossed areas with chased 'basketwork', the craftworker using very fine tools to achieve this and to sharpen up the cast work and remove any imperfections. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts.


Great Torc from Snettisham guest post opportunities

[6] The terminal was also asserted possession trove and purchased for the British Museum with assistance from The Art Fund. From these kinds of evidence, I strongly suspect that torcs were put on and taken off quite regularly, rather than being intended to be worn for very long periods of time. Submit blog post [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was unconcealed in September 2009. Guest posts wanted We have many examples of truly beautiful neck-rings which were worn to destruction – taken on and off so many times that they broke at the back. blessings to the rebel county crafts makers. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". There are several types of rigid gold and sometimes bronze necklaces and collars of the later European Bronze Age, from around 1200 BC, many of which are classed as "torcs". Forty-eight 2mm wires were twisted in pairs to form 24 wires. French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was bestowed by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. They wear bracelets on their wrists and arms, and heavy necklaces of solid gold, rings of great value and even gold corselets. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. Please click for important information about custom-order items. The word comes from the Latin ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist’, as a lot of pieces are twisted in shape. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others believing there were two periods of production. Today it is on display in the British Museum. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a rigid piece of syntactic category adornment made from twisted metal. Guest poster wanted Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Measure your neck and allow for some movement when choosing the size. Even the heaviest of torcs are comfortable to wear, but the weight is up to personal preference. Writers wanted Please click for important information about custom-order items. Not only was the pendant amazing but the display and the parcel it came in was exquisite. Guest-post Another technique known as the ‘buffer technique’ embroiled forming two sheets of gold into hollow tubes, which were then bent into semi-circles before adding terminals. Submit a guest post The gap isn’t wide enough to squeeze your head in, and there is a solid iron core under the silver, so it couldn’t have been bent. The two bars of the body are fluted. Submit your content In contrast, the gold torc from the 5th-century BCE Vix hoard in Burgundy, France, has spherical terminals and a small winged horse where the terminal and rope sections meet. They wear bracelets on their wrists and arms, and heavy necklaces of solid gold, rings of great value and even gold corselets. The hollow gold terminals, in a ring shape, were cast using the lost wax method, and is fringed in the La Tène style with moulded raised decoration of trumpet voids and circles, highlighted with pellets and cold hammering. I welcome lovers of Irish and Celtic Jewelry to visit us, either in person to our new Showroom in Dublin, or here on our website. The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. Submit guest post This would have been a simple matter with the applied science available. 1714 (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Guest contributor guidelines Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). [24] Pliny the Elder records that after a battle in 386 BC (long before his lifetime) the Romans healed 183 torcs from the Celtic dead, and similar booty is mentioned by other authors. Click for important information. East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. And ever since, I've made wonderful friends who've traveled from across the globe to visit our store to share their love for Irish and Celtic culture. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". They might have been symbols of status to be brandished aloft, rather than worn around the neck, just like the way that the antlered god on this plaque from the Gundestrup cauldron hefts a torc into the air, terminals upright. When worn they would have given the impression of a solid ring of metal, but in fact they were relatively easy to put on and take off. Guest post opportunities The torc is now displayed at the British Museum. Collectively, these objects are known as the Snettisham burial hoard. Our stunning solid silver wrist and neck torcs are hand crafted in the Western Isles of Scotland which has a rich Celtic practice stretching back two thousand years. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. Suggest a post The British Museum Great Russell Street London WC1B 3DG United Kingdom. 150 – 50 BC, Ken Hill, Silver, Diam. In both buffer types and those with projecting fringes of ornament, decoration in low relief often continues back round the hoop as far as the midpoint of the side view. Two East Anglian looped torcs from the Ipswich Hoard. The Niederzier hoard found near Düren in Germany (1st century BCE) has gold bracelets which appear to be torcs with prominent terminals but are complete rings. The torc dates from 200-50 BC[3] and is made from twisted gold wires. In both buffer types and those with projecting fringes of ornament, decoration in low relief often continues back round the hoop as far as the midpoint of the side view. It is finished beautifully with ornate buffers or cuffs that incorperate Celtic interlace and ancient triskele symbols. However it was used, the torc was obviously a powerful symbol. This may present the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. Lightweight torcs also use fewer wires in the twisting, so overall, the torcs are more delicate and lighter to wear. Model chariot from the Oxus Treasure, with both figures wearing torcs. Submit post Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. Organised with National Museums Scotland. They have often been somewhat clumsily repaired, as in this case:. The flange-twisting technique of torc making involved cutting flanges into the body of the torc and, once fitted together, attachment them along the inner side to form a cross. This may present the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Her exact title is unknown but judging by the quality of the jewellery found in the grave, she was a big deal. As centuries progressed so did design, with torcs becoming more and more elaborate with relief design and emphasis on the carving of the terminals (end points of the torc). It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. In addition, the horned figure identified as Cernunnos on the 1st-century CE Gallo-Roman Nautae Parisiaci monument has a torc hanging from each of his horns. Others have broken at certain points and some have even been repaired. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. The findspot is only two miles west of the site of the large Snettisham Hoard, which enclosed many gold torcs. Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. The figure also holds a torc in his right hand. Guest post policy 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. It is considered so similar to the Newark Torc, found in Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire, that it might have been made by the same craftsman. The historian Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus, writing in the 1st century BCE, recorded that a gold torc was dedicated to the goddess Minerva in Massilia by Catamandus, a Gaul prince. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. Submit post I think it’s most likely that torcs such as the one above weren’t worn at all. This is a guest post by This unisex Celtic wrist torc truly is a sensational piece of Scottish jewellery. Submit guest post 150 – 50 BC, Ken Hill, Silver, Diam. It is held in the highest regard along side ancient Irish treasures like the Ardagh Chalice, The Book of Kells or the Tara Brooch. 5 cm, Württembergisches Landesmuseum Stuttgart, A 28/61. Want to contribute to our website The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. Torcs can be heavy if you choose the heaviest weight. We take production for many of our cautiously crafted pieces from these ancient designs. The two bars of the body are fluted. Of it he says, "it is most like to gold in weight, nature, and colour; it is in four pieces wrought round, joined together artificially, and clefted as it were in the middle, with a dog's head, the teeth vertical outward; it is esteemed by the inhabitants so powerful a relic, that no man dares swear falsely when it is laid before him. Publish your guest post Torcs can be heavy if you choose the heaviest weight. One thing which is more certain is that torcs are surprisingly rare in male burials and more common in the tombs of women and girls, where they are most often made of bronze. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Also known by the name torque or torq depending on where you are, they were a hugely popular form of Bronze age jewellery. In contrast, the gold torc from the 5th-century BCE Vix hoard in Burgundy, France, has spherical terminals and a small winged horse where the terminal and rope sections meet. Campbell), was awarded the full market value of £3,300. [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, probably dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). latitude{white-space:nowrap}52°54′12″N 0°32′45″E / 52. Indeed the Broighter Collar is one of the finest pieces of surviving Celtic metalworking anywhere in the world today. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. The artefacts in hoards are almost always from varying dates and times, making it hard to locate an exact timeframe. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. The repaired torc pictured above was buried in a hoard with many other, much newer, ones. The terminals are hollow and were cast using moulds and welded to the ropes. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all abstract. In both buffer types and those with projecting fringes of ornament, decoration in low relief often continues back round the hoop as far as the midpoint of the side view. Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. I’ve included lots of photos I took at the National Museum of Ireland so you can see just a small selection of the torcs found in Ireland. Write for us Celtic warriors of higher status frequently wore jewellery of gold, bronze, or iron around their necks and wrists as a mark of their rank in society. Snettisham Great TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA).


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Want to contribute to our website Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. 1  (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Free admission Open daily 10. Later Celtic torcs nearly all return to having a break at the throat and strong emphasis on the two terminals. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. Rather than an unfortunate accident, breakage could have been part of the natural lifecycle of a torc. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. […] Try National Museum of Ireland – Natural History, the National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology,  Chester Beatty Library, The Little Museum of Dublin, and […]. Want to write for Northern Gallaeci torc (Artabri type with "pear" terminals) Galicia, showing construction, and decoration of the hoop. 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double clay sculpture called scotiae. Contributing writer It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. It can be worn as an arm ring, a circular neck ring, or a jewellery that is open-ended at the front. Contribute to this site Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. It was, then, either made as a votive offering or once adorned a statue. My Grandfather ran Gavin's Jewellers in Dublin for many years before my father opened College House Jewellers in 1963. Guest contributor guidelines [1][2] The jewellery and one of the neck rings are made with twisted gold wire, and the other neck rings have finials shaped like trumpets. [5] The last torc was found by the same men, in the same field, several weeks later. Looking for guest posts There are several types of rigid gold and sometimes bronze necklaces and collars of the later European Bronze Age, from around 1200 BC, many of which are classed as "torcs". With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. The British Museum arranged for a replica to be made, to be displayed at the Norwich Castle Museum. My Grandfather ran Gavin's Jewellers in Dublin for many years before my father opened College House Jewellers in 1963. To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" decoration drawing on styles from the east. 75 BCE, although the torcs themselves date to the period from the mid-2nd century BCE. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all abstract. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. Looking for guest posts As well as symbolic power, torcs were said to have mythical or supernatural powers for the Celts. Guest post Finally, Diodorus Siculus of Sicily, writing in the 1st century BCE, noted of Celtic warriors:. But what is a Torc? What were they for? What are the finest examples of Celtic Torc’s in Ireland?. It was discovered by natural event by a farmer tilling his field in 1950 CE. 61 CE), chief of the Iceni, as wearing a twisted gold jewellery in battle. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). The twisted band of this sterling silver bracelet is like a shot elysian by the craft of ancient Celtic Torcs. French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Submitting a guest post Soon after its effort it was noninheritable by the British Museum. [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps enabling closure by hooking round. Some may represent the work-in-progress of a workshop. Steve Hammond about 400 metres from the findspot of the main body of the torc. In addition, several of the godlike figures on the exterior of the cauldron are wearing torcs around their necks. VAT Registration No 751 4174 44. Steve Hammond about 400 metres from the findspot of the main body of the torc. Metals used included copper, bronze, silver, and gold. Torcs were highly prized items for this reason and top of the list of coveted gold if the Celts were ever defeated. Another La Tène example was found as part of a hoard or ritual deposit buried near Erstfeld in Switzerland. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all abstract. And the Celts in Ireland seem to be especially prolific, with Ireland holding the record for the most torcs discovered to date. Would you like to change to a currency better suited to your location?. These hoards are most likely collections held by the highest ranking Celtic families, passed down through generations and hidden for safekeeping. Looking for guest posts The historian Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus, writing in the 1st century BCE, recorded that a gold torc was dedicated to the goddess Minerva in Massilia by Catamandus, a Gaul prince. Guest blogger Ireland holds the record for the most Torcs found in any country; thirty-one, to be precise. One of the things I was asked most often is, ‘But how did you put them on?!’ It’s a very good question, seeing as they often look like solid metal rings with nowhere near enough space to squeeze your neck through. You may have experienced this first hand if you have ever wanted to break off a piece of wire for hanging a picture or working in the garden and did this by bending it back and forth until it broke. [2][3] The torc is similar to the Great Torc from Snettisham and also to the Ipswich torcs, all of which are also in the British Museum. We offer our site in number of different currencies. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. Soon after its effort it was noninheritable by the British Museum. Many can find the more traditionalistic Torc designs without helpful chain closures quite tricky to take on and off! And unlike the Celts, wearing a piece of jewelery continuously does not always fit with modern life! So if you want to wear one of our traditional torcs, and don’t want to damage it taking it on and off every time you fancy going for a swim or doing the dishes, we have you covered! Here is our short video on how to put on and take off a torc like a pro. 229/235 CE) describes Boudicca (d. [18] The most expatiate late Insular torcs are thick and often hollow, some with terminals forming a ring or loop. Campbell the landowner, after the field had been harrowed. Contributing writer Like other elite Celtic pieces in the "orientalizing" style, the decoration shows Greek influence but not a classical style, and the piece may have been made by Greeks in the Celtic taste, or a "Graeco-Etruscan workshop", or by Celts with foreign preparation. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Become an author I get a great kick out of conjunctive people to our lovely Island and helping them get a future family heirloom, a perfect piece of Irish or Celtic Jewelery for them to cherish. It's important to remember that torcs are crafted of rigid metal, so there isn't the usual "give" that you will find with traditional necklaces. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. [17] After the early period, torcs are peculiarly prominent in the Celtic cultures reaching to a coast of the Atlantic, from modern Spain to Ireland, and on both sides of the English Channel. Torcs were also thought to act as talismans, subject matter protection from evil forces, which explains why they were worn into battle. I think it’s most likely that torcs such as the one above weren’t worn at all. East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. For the Celtic tribes of Scotland, torcs were a mystical item with fine examples given as votive offerings to pre-Christian gods. A modern twist on an ancient design classic for a contemporary and covering look. The National Museum of Ireland in Dublin has a sparkling collection along with various other magnificent Celtic jewellery pieces. Guest post policy The torcs were likely deposited all together c. Guest-blogger Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". Writers wanted Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic social anthropology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup caldron. This iconic 1970's design combines the classic Celtic shape with 12 symbols that span Irish history, including the time of the Celts. This unisex Celtic wrist torc truly is a sensational piece of Scottish jewellery. Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. Follow us on Facebook and Instagram, to see what's new and coming. One side may be raised from being repeatedly pulled open. The intricate and highly decorative style of this collar is associated with the Le Tène culture that many think of as synonymous with Celtic design. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. This is a guest post by Declared part of a value trove soon after its discovery, the torc was purchased by the British Museum with the support of the National Art Collections Fund. They were also thought to represent Celtic gods and ward off evil spirits. Of course, too, the two ideas may run together: deposits were made for both ritual purposes and as a means of safekeeping these objects, saved as they were by the sacredness of the site. Guest posts wanted The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. Guest post- The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. Guest blogger [7] There are several flared gold torcs with a C-shaped section in the huge Mooghaun North Hoard of Late Bronze Age gold from 800 to 700 BC found in County Clare in Ireland. Want to write a post Smaller bracelets and armlets worn around the wrist or on the upper arm sometimes share very similar forms. The most famous English example is the 1st-century BC multi-stranded metal Snettisham Torc found in northwestern Norfolk in England (illustrated),[19] while the single hollow torc in the Broighter Gold hoard, with relief decoration all round the hoop, is the finest example of this type from Ireland, also 1st century BC. I made my version a few years ago, and have used it on a regular basis for teaching and outreach sessions, where it has been much manhandled, bent and stretched. Indeed so much so that the design of many torcs would have made them difficult to take off, so they may have been worn quite continuously! No mean feat when you consider that many designs would have weighed several pounds. East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. (Photo: (c) The National Museum of Denmark. Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. Perhaps dating to the 2nd century BCE, it is another miracle find, observed by chance as workers cleared drainage transmission. 61 CE), chief of the Iceni, as wearing a twisted gold jewellery in battle. Campbell), was awarded the full market value of £3,300. Nevertheless, that this item form of jewellery did have some meaning other than the value of its material is evident in such instances as the gift the Gauls gave the Roman emperor Augustus (r. Sponsored post: To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" palm drawing on styles from the east. Historians do say that most were designed for permanent wear, but some were so heavy that this seems unlikely; these were likely ‘special’ torcs reserved for important occasions while ‘everyday’ torcs were worn at other times. Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. Real ancient torcs can be found in almost every historical museum in Ireland and the UK, and end-to-end dry land Europe. Want to contribute to our website Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, continue a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, negotiable ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived preference for ribbon torcs, which continuing for over 1,000 years". Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. This post was written by Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). [7] There are several flared gold torcs with a C-shaped section in the huge Mooghaun North Hoard of Late Bronze Age gold from 800 to 700 BC found in County Clare in Ireland. Contributor guidelines Customer Service Hours Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Saturday: 11:00AM–2:00PM. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. You can see that one of the terminals of this torc has been pulled slightly forward compared to the other one. Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. Achaemenid torc from Persia, c. Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. Submit your content Another La Tène example was found as part of a hoard or ritual deposit buried near Erstfeld in Switzerland. And the Celtic Torc stands out above all other fine examples of ancient Irish metalwork. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The Trichtingen silver torc with bull heads, perhaps 2nd century BC. In these two types the hoop itself normally has no extra decoration, though the large torc in the Irish Broighter Gold hoard is decorated all round the hoop, the only Irish example inlaid in this way. In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off.


Sedgeford Torc become a guest blogger

Become an author Organised with National Museums Scotland. Roman soldiers often wore miniature torcs on their chest armour, which had been given as a reward for valour. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard contained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. In some parts thick heavy torcs were common, whereas in others delicate, complex designs have been found. The terminals are not emphasized as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, carry on a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, flexible ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived advantage for ribbon torcs, which continued for over 1,000 years". Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. Some of my favourites were the big metal neck rings called torcs that were worn across much of Europe (and beyond) around 2000 years ago. Guest poster wanted See our Irish Handmade Torc Jewelry including Torc Bracelets, Necklaces,Pendants, Cufflinks and Tiepins. Steve Hammond about 400 metres from the findspot of the main body of the torc. World History Encyclopedia, 18 Feb 2021. Historians do say that most were designed for permanent wear, but some were so heavy that this seems unlikely; these were likely ‘special’ torcs reserved for important occasions while ‘everyday’ torcs were worn at other times. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. It’s not just limited to Ireland either – torcs have been found all across Europe not only from Celtic societies but also Vikings, Scythian (Iranian) and Illyrian (Greek) societies too. Guest posting Some very elaborately worked torcs with relief decoration in a late form of La Tène style have been found in Britain and Ireland, dating from roughly the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. Torcs were not just exquisite works of Celtic art but also known the wearer’s status and perhaps were believed to have ghostlike properties. It would have been viable to carry out much more subtle repairs, but perhaps they were supposed to be obvious? Being a member of a family with such a long history of wealth and power was probably a source of great pride, and the repairs might have emphasised the age of the object, and reminded people of the many stories engaged to it. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. The findspot is only two miles west of the site of the large Snettisham Hoard, which enclosed many gold torcs. After this, Romans adopted the torc as a decoration for dignified soldiers and elite units during Republican times. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. Finally, in Roman Britain in the 1st and 2nd century CE a new form of torc was created which had a flat bar and a line of multiple beads at the terminals. Submit blog post [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineated the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, fighting at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. Torcs likely had a spiritual symbolism, and it is perhaps for this reason depictions in art of Celtic gods often show them wearing or holding torcs. Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. Guest post opportunities Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. Most Torc’s are open at one side, although a few designs had hook and ring closures or grab catches to close them. A Torc is a rigid neck or wrist artifact popular in the Bronze Age. Perhaps the most famous examples can be seen in the Gundestrup Cauldron, a c. [2] They also found no bear witness of a settlement or grave on the site. On a visit to the National Museum of Ireland, you are sure to be struck by Ireland’s fantastic history of metalwork. The National Museum of Denmark. Become a guest blogger Nevertheless, that this item form of jewellery did have some meaning other than the value of its material is evident in such instances as the gift the Gauls gave the Roman emperor Augustus (r. Guest article We closed the doors of College House for the final time in 2011 but since then I have delighted in sharing our Irish and Celtic Jewelry with a global audience online. Many Celtic torcs have terminals which are fat rings but other types exist, such as in the form of serpent heads, an animal associated with strength and teemingness. Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. Later Celtic torcs nearly all return to having a break at the throat and strong emphasis on the two terminals. Many Celtic torcs have terminals which are fat rings but other types exist, such as in the form of serpent heads, an animal associated with strength and teemingness. A modern twist on an ancient design classic for a contemporary and covering look. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history profession planetary. Their contributions, whether beautiful songs, swords and other weapons, or spectacular jewellery for the Celtic elite, was highly valued. From these miniaturised torcs a popular form of jewellery then developed; the penannular brooch. Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. Made using a gold alloy (the other metals are silver and copper), it weighs a little over one kilo (2. Paula’s customer service is second to none. The torc is made of silver-plated iron and displays outstanding artistic skill both in its detail and plating technique. It measures 56 cm (22 in) in diameter and dates to 150-50 BCE. To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" decoration drawing on styles from the east. For the Celts in particular, jewellery was a highly important symbol of a person’s status in society. 9 cm, British Museum, 1951,0402. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. By using this site you accept the use of cookies OK. Torcs were also thought to act as talismans, subject matter protection from evil forces, which explains why they were worn into battle. Please click for important information about custom-order items. The Greek historian Polybius (c. Many people are interested in kilts, and all things Celtic, but are unsure of the history of this famous garment. Finally, another famous sculpture, the sandstone Mšecké Žehrovice head from the Czech Republic, which dates to around the 2nd century BCE, also wears a thick torc around the neck. org/article/1687/ancient-celtic-torcs/. My Grandfather ran Gavin's Jewellers in Dublin for many years before my father opened College House Jewellers in 1963. The torc is made of silver-plated iron and displays outstanding artistic skill both in its detail and plating technique. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. Guest posting guidelines Please click for important information about custom-order items. In addition, several of the godlike figures on the exterior of the cauldron are wearing torcs around their necks. In some parts thick heavy torcs were common, whereas in others delicate, complex designs have been found. The torc is crafted from four thick stran. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. Of it he says, "it is most like to gold in weight, nature, and colour; it is in four pieces wrought round, joined together artificially, and clefted as it were in the middle, with a dog's head, the teeth vertical outward; it is esteemed by the inhabitants so powerful a relic, that no man dares swear falsely when it is laid before him. Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Guest blogger Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. Smaller bracelets and armlets worn around the wrist or on the upper arm sometimes share very similar forms. Join our Email list for early offers and special features. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all abstract. Submit content According to Irish Mythology, on The Cattle Raid of Cooley, the lead warrior Morann the Arbiter allegedly had a magical torc that tightened around his neck any time he made a false human activity. Their contributions, whether beautiful songs, swords and other weapons, or spectacular jewellery for the Celtic elite, was highly valued. Sponsored post [1][2] The jewellery and one of the neck rings are made with twisted gold wire, and the other neck rings have finials shaped like trumpets. It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. Model chariot from the Oxus Treasure, with both figures wearing torcs. Torcs were not just exquisite works of Celtic art but also known the wearer’s status and perhaps were believed to have ghostlike properties. They were generally accompanied by smaller armlets and bracelets, not needfully co-ordinated. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. For that reason there is a humorous amount of substance around about torcs, so here is a condensed version that includes thing you could possibly want to find out about this intriguing ancient fashion accessory. Hi Bob, that’s a good question! The torc would have been put on and taken off by bending and exercising the piece. The Great Torc weighs just over a kilogram and is mostly made of gold alloyed with a small part of silver. World History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. Historians do say that most were designed for permanent wear, but some were so heavy that this seems unlikely; these were likely ‘special’ torcs reserved for important occasions while ‘everyday’ torcs were worn at other times. The majority of torcs are open at the front and designed to be worn permanently, although some have been discovered with clasps and other closing mechanisms. Depictions of gods and Celtic warriors in ancient art often show these figures wearing a torc around their necks. Rather than an unfortunate accident, breakage could have been part of the natural lifecycle of a torc. Submit guest article However, this stunning piece has a gap in the front where you can widen it to slip around your neck easily. 27 BCE - 14 CE), a massive gold torc far too heavy to ever wear. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard contained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. [5] The end was found by retired alchemy lecturer Dr. But what is a Torc? What were they for? What are the finest examples of Celtic Torc’s in Ireland?. The torc was nonheritable for the British Museum through the Duchy of Lancaster and with the assistance of the Christy Trust, and the finder, farmworker A. In Iberian torcs thin gold bars are often wound round a core of base metal, with the rear section a single round section with a decorated surface. Submit blog post They found the first three torcs separately, approximately 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) beneath the surface of the field[8] and around 3. Many other Iron Age hoards have since been found in the vicinity, but the Great Torc is thoughtful by archaeologists to be the most decisive find from Snettisham. It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. By using this site you accept the use of cookies OK. As centuries progressed so did design, with torcs becoming more and more elaborate with relief design and emphasis on the carving of the terminals (end points of the torc). For the Celtic tribes of Scotland, torcs were a mystical item with fine examples given as votive offerings to pre-Christian gods. Other Celtic torcs may use various ways of forming the hoop: plain or patterned round bars, two or more bars twisted together, thin round rods (or thick wire) wound round a core, or woven gold wire. Whether you prefer a dramatic look or a daintier piece that is less distracting, a torc can be the perfect piece of jewelry for you!. When this Celtic army was defeated their torcs and battle standards were hung up for public display in the Capitol of Rome. Guest post guidelines A Torc is a rigid neck or wrist artifact popular in the Bronze Age. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.


Celtic Neck Torcs submit content

Like other elite Celtic pieces in the "orientalizing" style, the decoration shows Greek influence but not a classical style, and the piece may have been made by Greeks in the Celtic taste, or a "Graeco-Etruscan workshop", or by Celts with foreign preparation. Although discovering ancient Celtic artefacts was never an everyday event, it’s even less common now than it was a few centuries ago. Heavy metal indeed! But there are torcs have been found that also would have been worn by children as well as high status men and women. And there is no doubt that they were unbelievably valuable heirlooms. The terminals were then cast onto the two twisted solid bars using the lost wax technique. Please note that some of these recommendations are listed under our old name, Ancient History Encyclopedia. They are believed to be the oldest Iron Age gold jewellery found in Britain. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. The perfectly intact torc is conspicuous for its high level of craftsmanship and superb artistry. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. [5] The end was found by retired alchemy lecturer Dr. Become a guest blogger 1714 (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). In memory of Melvin R Seiden Sheila M Streek Stephen and Julie Fitzgerald Fund for the Future donors. Others have broken at certain points and some have even been repaired. Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others basic cognitive process there were two periods of production. I’ve included lots of photos I took at the National Museum of Ireland so you can see just a small selection of the torcs found in Ireland. Submit blog post The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. [32] The terminals were often slightly flared plain round cylinders which were folded back to hook round each other to fasten the torc at the throat. The word comes from the Latin ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist’, as a lot of pieces are twisted in shape. org/article/1687/ancient-celtic-torcs/. VAT Registration No 751 4174 44. Guest posts wanted After this, Romans adopted the torc as a decoration for dignified soldiers and elite units during Republican times. Submit content Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was presented by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. The figure also holds a torc in his right hand. Depictions of gods and Celtic warriors in ancient art often show these figures wearing a torc around their necks. Guest posters wanted Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. Guest post by But the elegant chain closure makes this piece endlessly more wearable without loosing any impact. There may be a connective with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborated gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. World History Encyclopedia, 18 Feb 2021. Submit guest post [6] The terminal was also asserted possession trove and purchased for the British Museum with assistance from The Art Fund. This Sterling Silver Celtic jewelry is designed in a similar way with a Celtic interlace collar with an elegant chain closure. [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, continue a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, negotiable ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived preference for ribbon torcs, which continuing for over 1,000 years". Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. One side may be raised from being repeatedly pulled open. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. According to Irish Mythology, on The Cattle Raid of Cooley, the lead warrior Morann the Arbiter allegedly had a magical torc that tightened around his neck any time he made a false human activity. [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineate the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, conflict at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. It is not clear whether the Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres", a sculpture of a soldier in Roman military dress, wears a torc as part of his Roman uniform or as a reflection of his Celtic concomitant. Like other elite Celtic pieces in the "orientalizing" style, the decoration shows Greek tempt but not a classical style, and the piece may have been made by Greeks in the Celtic taste, or a "Graeco-Etruscan workshop", or by Celts with foreign activity. Like other elite Celtic pieces in the "orientalizing" style, the decoration shows Greek tempt but not a classical style, and the piece may have been made by Greeks in the Celtic taste, or a "Graeco-Etruscan workshop", or by Celts with foreign activity. Organised with National Museums Scotland. Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. Twisted Torc of the Stirling Hoarddun_deagh (CC BY-SA). A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. Suggest a post Store Hours Until further notice, our showroom is open by appointment only. They are formed either with smooth, hollow, or twisted bands. Declared part of a value trove soon after its discovery, the torc was purchased by the British Museum with the support of the National Art Collections Fund. Torcs are found in the Tolstaya burial and the Karagodeuashk kurgan (Kuban area), both dating to the 4th century BC. [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, belike dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. Many Celtic torcs have terminals which are fat rings but other types exist, such as in the form of serpent heads, an animal associated with strength and teemingness. Guest blogger guidelines Still, people are occasionally ‘hitting the jackpot’ – just five years ago an amateur art hunter in County Fermanagh dug up a 3,000 year old torc that is now on display in the Ulster museum. Contributing writer So many different types of torcs have been unconcealed in various locations. They might have been symbols of status to be brandished aloft, rather than worn around the neck, just like the way that the antlered god on this plaque from the Gundestrup cauldron hefts a torc into the air, terminals upright. I bought a Claddagh Pendant for my mams 70th natal day. Small torcs were sometimes worn by noble children, and they were nearly always passed down through generations. The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. Zweitasch; (c) Landesmuseum Wurttemberg, Stuttgart). "[27] It is of course possible that this torc long pre-dated the reign of Prince Cynog and was a much earlier relic that had been recycled during the British Dark Ages to be used as a symbol of royal authority. Guest blogger guidelines The Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres". Articles wanted The gap isn’t wide enough to squeeze your head in, and there is a solid iron core under the silver, so it couldn’t have been bent. One of the things I was asked most often is, ‘But how did you put them on?!’ It’s a very good question, seeing as they often look like solid metal rings with nowhere near enough space to squeeze your neck through. Guest posting Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. The terminals would have been made separately and then soldered on. And this high regard also fits with the elevated status which artists enjoyed in ancient Celtic society. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". Archaeologists have been able to determine how torcs were made because of certain discoveries of partly completed torcs, probably from the sites of workshops. Guest poster wanted [24] Pliny the Elder records that after a battle in 386 BC (long before his lifetime) the Romans healed 183 torcs from the Celtic dead, and similar booty is mentioned by other authors. Have a inquiring or something you're not entirely sure about when browsing our pieces? Please reach out. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. I think it’s most likely that torcs such as the one above weren’t worn at all. East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. On top of the gold torcs was a layer of soil and then another group of silver torcs. 9 cm, British Museum, 1951,0402. This unique find is of worldwide importance. It’s not just limited to Ireland either – torcs have been found all across Europe not only from Celtic societies but also Vikings, Scythian (Iranian) and Illyrian (Greek) societies too. Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. Please contact us first to be sure someone will be here to help you. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). In both buffer types and those with projecting fringes of ornament, decoration in low relief often continues back round the hoop as far as the midpoint of the side view. [2][3] The torc is similar to the Great Torc from Snettisham and also to the Ipswich torcs, all of which are also in the British Museum. It would have been viable to carry out much more subtle repairs, but perhaps they were supposed to be obvious? Being a member of a family with such a long history of wealth and power was probably a source of great pride, and the repairs might have emphasised the age of the object, and reminded people of the many stories engaged to it. The Greek historian Polybius (c. Their contributions, whether beautiful songs, swords and other weapons, or spectacular jewellery for the Celtic elite, was highly valued. The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Sponsored post: Thanks! We haven’t been called Rebel county craft makers before, we love it 🙂. The torc is now on display in the Landesmuseum Württemberg, Stuttgart. The Greek historian Polybius (c. Contribute to this site Examples from Spain and Portugal sometimes have a very thin band and heavy terminals shaped like an hourglass. Torcs can be made from twisted strands of metal with some later examples made from solid metal or even hollow tubes. 241-197 BCE) in honour of his victory over the Galatians. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. We take production for many of our cautiously crafted pieces from these ancient designs. Sponsored post by [5] The last torc was found by the same men, in the same field, several weeks later. Very common across all societies was the twisted ribbon torc, a thin strip of gold twisted into a spiral shape. [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. The Niederzier hoard found near Düren in Germany (1st century BCE) has gold bracelets which appear to be torcs with prominent terminals but are complete rings.


Celtic Neck Torcs want to write a post

Guest post policy Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all abstract. Contributing writer This may present the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Elaborate examples, sometimes hollow, used a variety of techniques but complex decoration was usually begun by casting and then worked by further techniques. Many Celtic warriors wore a torc necklace, and depictions in art show this, the most famous example being the Dying Gaul statue of the Capitoline Museums in Rome. Torcs can be made from twisted strands of metal with some later examples made from solid metal or even hollow tubes. We appreciate that life these days may not accommodate a necklace that weighs several pounds and can’t be taken off so the designs are adapted to be more wearable and indeed affordable! This 9k gold Celtic necklace has a striking design that is inspired by the golden Celtic Collars of our ancestors. The word comes from the Latin ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist’, as a lot of pieces are twisted in shape. We closed the doors of College House for the final time in 2011 but since then I have delighted in sharing our Irish and Celtic Jewelry with a global audience online. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was unconcealed in September 2009. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Sponsored post by They amass a great quantity of gold which is used for ornament not only by the women but also by the men. Decorative details and comparative finds, meanwhile, suggest it may have been made in Gaul. Many Celtic warriors wore a torc necklace, and depictions in art show this, the most famous example being the Dying Gaul statue of the Capitoline Museums in Rome. Please allow 8 weeks for conveying. On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. The Trichtingen silver torc with bull heads, perhaps 2nd century BC. It is not clear whether the Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres", a artistic production of a soldier in Roman military dress, wears a torc as part of his Roman uniform or as a reflection of his Celtic noise. The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. Accepting guest posts The word comes from the Latin ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist’, as a lot of pieces are twisted in shape. Guest posts wanted blessings to the rebel county crafts makers. Smaller bracelets and armlets worn around the wrist or on the upper arm sometimes share very similar forms. And ever since, I've made wonderful friends who've traveled from across the globe to visit our store to share their love for Irish and Celtic culture. Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily gilt-edged at the continuous front, with animal weather condition and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. Celts wore torcs to demonstrate that they were free-born. Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. Torcs are found in the Tolstaya burial and the Karagodeuashk kurgan (Kuban area), both dating to the 4th century BC. The word "torc" originates from the Latin word "torquis," meaning "to twist. Have a inquiring or something you're not entirely sure about when browsing our pieces? Please reach out. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. They are believed to be the oldest Iron Age gold jewellery found in Britain. It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. Torc, 2nd Iron Age, Castro Culture, Iberian Peninsula, National Archaeology Museum, Portugal. Guest posts It is held in the highest regard along side ancient Irish treasures like the Ardagh Chalice, The Book of Kells or the Tara Brooch. 100 BCE silver and part gilded vessel with rich relief decoration. 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, carry on a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, flexible ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived advantage for ribbon torcs, which continued for over 1,000 years". Celtic Torc, Belstead BrookThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Submit an article And you can’t but be affected by pieces like this twisted early Bronze Age Gold ribbon torc with a hook and eye closure. There may be a shape with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborate gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. For the Iron Age Celts, the gold torc seems to have been a key object. Guest posts wanted [5] The end was found by retired alchemy lecturer Dr. The Trichtingen TorcLandesmuseum Württemberg (CC BY-SA). Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. Combining Celtic interlace with a classic open Torc shape this substantial bracelet is a striking piece that is also perfect for engraving on the inside band. The gap isn’t wide enough to squeeze your head in, and there is a solid iron core under the silver, so it couldn’t have been bent. Want to write a post Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily gilt-edged at the continuous front, with animal weather condition and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. Contribute to this site A Torc is a rigid neck or wrist artifact popular in the Bronze Age. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic mythology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup cauldron. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. Guest posting guidelines According to Julia Farley, curator of British and European Iron Age collections of the British Museum,[7] the torcs were "most likely" made in the area of what is now Germany or France,[1][3] most likely in the period 400–250 BCE (La Tène period). [3] A missing piece of the smallest torc was discovered by the original metal detectorists on 26 February 2017. The torc was accidentally found in 1950 by a farmer ploughing a field at Ken Hill near the village of Snettisham. 9 cm, British Museum, 1951,0402. The findspot is only two miles west of the site of the large Snettisham Hoard, which enclosed many gold torcs. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. The Vix Grave was the burial place of a noble woman that had somehow never been looted. One of the torcs is a smaller bangle decorated with ornament in the style of Celtic art, and the other three are neck rings. Sign up for our free weekly email newsletter!. Submit blog post Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. The torc was reserved for the nobility of Celtic societies who wore them in battle and during various rituals. An this "twisted" Torc Bangle is no less impressive. Join our Email list for early offers and special features. The Niederzier hoard found near Düren in Germany (1st century BCE) has gold bracelets which appear to be torcs with prominent terminals but are complete rings. On a visit to the National Museum of Ireland, you are sure to be struck by Ireland’s fantastic history of metalwork. Store Hours Until further notice, our saleroom is open by date only. In memory of Melvin R Seiden Sheila M Streek Stephen and Julie Fitzgerald Fund for the Future donors. Many people are interested in kilts, and all things Celtic, but are unsure of the history of this famous garment. Historians do say that most were designed for permanent wear, but some were so heavy that this seems unlikely; these were likely ‘special’ torcs reserved for important occasions while ‘everyday’ torcs were worn at other times. It’s not just limited to Ireland either – torcs have been found all across Europe not only from Celtic societies but also Vikings, Scythian (Iranian) and Illyrian (Greek) societies too. Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, belike dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). Become a guest blogger Often torcs have been found alongside female remains, suggesting that they were used in burial rituals. The opening was to the front, just at the collar bone. Torcs are also found in Thraco-Cimmerian art. Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. It measures 56 cm (22 in) in diameter and dates to 150-50 BCE. Guest poster wanted Others have broken at certain points and some have even been repaired. Some may represent the work-in-progress of a workshop. Customer Service Hours Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Saturday: 11:00AM–2:00PM. Although discovering ancient Celtic artefacts was never an everyday event, it’s even less common now than it was a few centuries ago. Guest poster wanted I bought a Claddagh Pendant for my mams 70th natal day. The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. [10] One of the earliest known depictions of a torc can be found on the Warrior of Hirschlanden (6th century BC), and a high proportion of the few Celtic statues of human figures, mostly male, show them wearing torcs. The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. The torc is made of silver-plated iron and displays outstanding artistic skill both in its detail and plating technique. Steve Hammond during fieldwork by the Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project in 2004. Sponsored post: 208-125 BCE) noted that the Gauls who invaded Italy in 225 BCE wore gold necklaces and bracelets. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. Guest posting guidelines 8 cm, British Museum 1991,0407. It would have been viable to carry out much more subtle repairs, but perhaps they were supposed to be obvious? Being a member of a family with such a long history of wealth and power was probably a source of great pride, and the repairs might have emphasised the age of the object, and reminded people of the many stories engaged to it. Then three of these paired wires were twisted together in the opposite direction to make a rope (comprising six avant-garde wires). Articles wanted The major part of the torc was found on 6 May 1965 in a field at West Hall Farm in Sedgeford, Norfolk by Dr Bernard G. There are mentions in medieval compilations of Irish mythology; for example in the Lebor Gabála Érenn (11th century) Elatha wore 5 golden torcs when meeting Eriu. Please contact us first to be sure someone will be here to help you. Lighter torcs are made with smaller gauges of metal twisted together, while heavier torcs are made of larger gauge strands of metal. Torcs are a type of Scythian, Illyrian, Thracian and Celtic jewellery, produced in the European Iron Age, from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. Please allow 6-16 weeks for transferral. The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. Guest posters wanted This Sterling Silver Celtic jewelry is designed in a similar way with a Celtic interlace collar with an elegant chain closure. [18] The most elaborate late Insular torcs are thick and often hollow, some with terminals forming a ring or loop. Others have broken at certain points and some have even been repaired. [17] After the early period, torcs are especially prominent in the Celtic cultures accomplishment to a coast of the Atlantic, from modern Spain to Ireland, and on both sides of the English Channel. [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps enabling closure by hooking round. Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. Guest blogger The accompanying book is open from the British Museum shop online. Others have broken at certain points and some have even been repaired. Torcs were highly prized items for this reason and top of the list of coveted gold if the Celts were ever defeated. Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was presented by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. Guest post opportunities Torques de Foxados: Gallaecian torc with double "scotia" terminals and 6-fold interchangeable latticed motive. One King of Tara, Dermot MacCerrbheoil, dreamt that angels took his torc from his neck and gave it to a stranger, who turned out to be St. Join our Email list for early offers and special features. Lighter torcs are made with smaller gauges of metal twisted together, while heavier torcs are made of larger gauge strands of metal. Torcs can be made from twisted strands of metal with some later examples made from solid metal or even hollow tubes. Guest post opportunities Many finds of torcs, particularly in groups and in association with other valuables but not associated with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose function is unclear. World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit establishment. In addition, the horned figure identified as Cernunnos on the 1st-century CE Gallo-Roman Nautae Parisiaci monument has a torc hanging from each of his horns.


Category:Torcs guest posting guidelines

Submit a guest post They amass a great quantity of gold which is used for ornament not only by the women but also by the men. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. According to Julia Farley, curator of British and European Iron Age collections of the British Museum,[7] the torcs were "most likely" made in the area of what is now Germany or France,[1][3] most likely in the period 400–250 BCE (La Tène period). Submitting a guest post It had been buried with a watch bracelet and coin, which helped to date the torc to around 75 BC. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, continue a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, negotiable ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived preference for ribbon torcs, which continuing for over 1,000 years". The Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres". Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Another La Tène example was found as part of a hoard or ritual deposit buried near Erstfeld in Switzerland. Guest post by 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. Clare in 1854, this outstanding find weighed over 11lbs!! With over 150 golden ornaments including solid gold torc bracelets, torc garment and hammered golden collars it remains one of the most spectacular finds on this island. One thing which is more certain is that torcs are surprisingly rare in male burials and more common in the tombs of women and girls, where they are most often made of bronze. Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic social anthropology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup caldron. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. Submit post Soon after its effort it was noninheritable by the British Museum. Historians do say that most were designed for permanent wear, but some were so heavy that this seems unlikely; these were likely ‘special’ torcs reserved for important occasions while ‘everyday’ torcs were worn at other times. The most famous English example is the 1st-century BC multi-stranded metal Snettisham Torc found in northwestern Norfolk in England (illustrated),[19] while the single hollow torc in the Broighter Gold hoard, with relief decoration all round the hoop, is the finest example of this type from Ireland, also 1st century BC. Torc, 2nd Iron Age, Castro Culture, Iberian Peninsula, National Archaeology Museum, Portugal. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. 100 BCE silver and part gilded vessel with rich relief decoration. When you consider that some torcs weigh several kilos, it seems fair to give someone that title if they had to run around for several hours at a time with that around their neck!. Guest posts However, this stunning piece has a gap in the front where you can widen it to slip around your neck easily. Please contact us first to be sure someone will be here to help you. The Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres". The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages. Guest post policy Measure your neck and allow for some movement when choosing the size. Become a contributor The British Museum arranged for a replica to be made, to be displayed at the Norwich Castle Museum. I bought a Claddagh Pendant for my mams 70th natal day. As a result, many of these torcs have been found to show signs of damage from being bent out of shape. Bibliography Related Content Books Cite This Work License. This unisex Celtic wrist torc truly is a sensational piece of Scottish jewellery. Become a contributor Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was presented by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. The torc may have travelled as a diplomatic gift or been an object of interregional trade. As well as symbolic power, torcs were said to have mythical or supernatural powers for the Celts. Indeed the Broighter Collar is one of the finest pieces of surviving Celtic metalworking anywhere in the world today. This post was written by The celts themselves may well have considered torcs, if not as a monetary system per se, at least as a handy form of portable wealth, especially so when an army was on the move. However, this stunning piece has a gap in the front where you can widen it to slip around your neck easily. 8 cm, British Museum 1991,0407. One side may be raised from being repeatedly pulled open. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. And you can’t but be affected by pieces like this twisted early Bronze Age Gold ribbon torc with a hook and eye closure. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. In these two types the hoop itself unremarkably has no extra decoration, though the large torc in the Irish Broighter Gold hoard is champleve all round the hoop, the only Irish example spangly in this way. The torc was made in two ways: complex threads of metal were grouped into ropes and twisted around each other to create the crescent shaped necklace; the ends of the torc were cast in moulds with La Tène designs and welded onto the metal ropes to create the whole composition. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. The torc was reserved for the nobility of Celtic societies who wore them in battle and during various rituals. A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. [3] A missing piece of the smallest torc was discovered by the original metal detectorists on 26 February 2017. The repaired torc pictured above was buried in a hoard with many other, much newer, ones. There seems to be a problem completing the request at present. This piece of jewelry stormproof the neck during a sword fight while proving that they were someone of importance. The flange-twisting technique of torc making involved cutting flanges into the body of the torc and, once fitted together, attachment them along the inner side to form a cross. However, despite the numerous depictions in art across Celtic Europe, the precise symbolic significance of torcs to the ancient Celts is not known. The best examples are right here in Ireland – and we’re not just saying that. But we have so little evidence for what constituted ‘day-to-day wear’ in the Iron Age that it’s hard to be sure. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. Please click for important information about custom-order items. The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. The torc was nonheritable for the British Museum through the Duchy of Lancaster and with the assistance of the Christy Trust, and the finder, farmworker A. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. Guest posting It was likely buried around 50 BCE, a date suggested by the lucky presence of a coin which was stuck in one of the terminals and radiocarbon data from wooden objects found near it. Some very in an elaborate way worked torcs with relief decoration in a late form of La Tène style have been found in Britain and Ireland, dating from roughly the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. Click for important information. The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. The historian Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus, writing in the 1st century BCE, recorded that a gold torc was dedicated to the goddess Minerva in Massilia by Catamandus, a Gaul prince. It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. The most famous English example is the 1st-century BC multi-stranded alloy Snettisham Torc found in northwestern Norfolk in England (illustrated),[19] while the single hollow torc in the Broighter Gold hoard, with relief decoration all round the hoop, is the finest example of this type from Ireland, also 1st century BC. It was, then, either made as a votive offering or once adorned a statue. [7] There are several flared gold torcs with a C-shaped section in the huge Mooghaun North Hoard of Late Bronze Age gold from 800 to 700 BC found in County Clare in Ireland. Examples from Spain and Portugal sometimes have a very thin band and heavy terminals shaped like an hourglass. Would you like to change to a currency better suited to your location?. As ancient jewelry goes, the Torc is probably both the most unusual and the most widespread piece you can find. Free admission Open daily 10. Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. 229/235 CE) describes Boudicca (d. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. They have often been somewhat clumsily repaired, as in this case:. The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. The National Museum of Ireland in Dublin has a sparkling collection along with various other magnificent Celtic jewellery pieces. Please contact us first to be sure someone will be here to help you. This iconic 1970's design combines the classic Celtic shape with 12 symbols that span Irish history, including the time of the Celts. 241-197 BCE) in honour of his victory over the Galatians. Often torcs have been found alongside female remains, suggesting that they were used in burial rituals. They have often been somewhat clumsily repaired, as in this case:. Guest poster wanted Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The terminals mix embossed areas with chased 'basketwork', the craftworker using very fine tools to achieve this and to sharpen up the cast work and remove any imperfections. Looking for guest posts Organised with National Museums Scotland. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. When they bumped into each other some time later and the King recognised him as the man who was gifted the torc, he relinquished his kingdom to him. Found in Derry beside the sea many have speculated that it represents an offering to a Celtic God of the Sea, Manannán mac Lir. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. The twisted band of this sterling silver bracelet is like a shot elysian by the craft of ancient Celtic Torcs. Sponsored post: [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineate the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, conflict at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Guest posts wanted East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. Sponsored post: Another technique known as the ‘buffer technique’ embroiled forming two sheets of gold into hollow tubes, which were then bent into semi-circles before adding terminals. Guest posters wanted You can read some testimonials from our customers here. If you anneal the metal – heat it up to cherry-red temperature, around 600–700 degrees centigrade – it re-softens. In both buffer types and those with projecting fringes of ornament, decoration in low relief often continues back round the hoop as far as the midpoint of the side view. Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic social anthropology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup caldron. The Trichtingen torc was discovered near the town of that name in Germany.


Silver Torcs contributor guidelines

Writers wanted French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. So many different types of torcs have been unconcealed in various locations. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. Guest posters wanted Organised with National Museums Scotland. It may have been broken when it was buried, or broken at a later date by ploughing. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. Indeed so much so that the design of many torcs would have made them difficult to take off, so they may have been worn quite continuously! No mean feat when you consider that many designs would have weighed several pounds. Email (will not be published) (required). Please click for important information about custom-order items. There are fine examples of ancient sterling silver torcs of Viking origin as well torcs of varied design from across the Europe from Ireland to modern day Iran. Submit an article This constant flexing caused a lot of stress to the metal neck rings of the torc. Soon after its effort it was noninheritable by the British Museum. Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. When this Celtic army was defeated their torcs and battle standards were hung up for public display in the Capitol of Rome. "[27] It is of course possible action that this torc long pre-dated the reign of Prince Cynog and was a much earlier relic that had been recycled during the British Dark Ages to be used as a symbol of royal authority. [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, belike dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). Guest posting Click for important information. Please allow 6-16 weeks for throw. To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" decoration drawing on styles from the east. Guest posts [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineate the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, conflict at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. When you bend metal in this way, it tends to harden and become brittle. Contributor guidelines It is held in the highest regard along side ancient Irish treasures like the Ardagh Chalice, The Book of Kells or the Tara Brooch. The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. Lighter torcs are made with smaller gauges of metal twisted together, while heavier torcs are made of larger gauge strands of metal. Guest posting rules A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. The Niederzier hoard found near Düren in Germany (1st century BCE) has gold bracelets which appear to be torcs with prominent terminals but are complete rings. Torcs were worn by men, women, and probably children, too. The most famous and elaborate example of a Celtic torc, or any torc for that matter, was found in The Broighter Hoard in 1896 on a farm near Lough Foyle in County Derry. Contribute to this site The gap isn’t wide enough to squeeze your head in, and there is a solid iron core under the silver, so it couldn’t have been bent. It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. The torc was buried deliberately, and as such is considered a hoarded object. A Torc is a rigid neck or wrist artifact popular in the Bronze Age. [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps facultative closure by hooking round. Guest blogger Many Celtic torcs have terminals which are fat rings but other types exist, such as in the form of serpent heads, an animal associated with strength and teemingness. Guest post courtesy of Some have been found broken into pieces by opponents who possibly feared their powers. Basic torc designs were made simply by single or multiple intertwined rods of whatever metal was being used. Also known by the name torque or torq depending on where you are, they were a hugely popular form of Bronze age jewellery. On top of the gold torcs was a layer of soil and then another group of silver torcs. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard restrained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. Submit article Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. Please click for important information about custom-order items. 5 cm, Württembergisches Landesmuseum Stuttgart, A 28/61. The torcs were probably worn by wealthy and powerful women, perhaps people from the Continent who had married into the local community. The most famous English example is the 1st-century BC multi-stranded alloy Snettisham Torc found in northwestern Norfolk in England (illustrated),[19] while the single hollow torc in the Broighter Gold hoard, with relief decoration all round the hoop, is the finest example of this type from Ireland, also 1st century BC. Want to write a post Another La Tène example was found as part of a hoard or ritual deposit buried near Erstfeld in Switzerland. The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. Many people are interested in kilts, and all things Celtic, but are unsure of the history of this famous garment. To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" decoration drawing on styles from the east. Articles wanted Combining Celtic interlace with a classic open Torc shape this substantial bracelet is a striking piece that is also perfect for engraving on the inside band. Torcs are made specifically for your neck measurement and aren't the sort of necklaces you can slip over your head. If anything, then, this object, like many others, illustrates the interconnected nature of Celtic Europe as ideas in art and techniques in crafts spread from one end of the continent to the other. These hoards are most likely collections held by the highest ranking Celtic families, passed down through generations and hidden for safekeeping. Perhaps the most famous examples can be seen in the Gundestrup Cauldron, a c. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large rigid or stiff neck ring in metal, made either as a single piece or from strands twisted unitedly. Torc, 2nd Iron Age, Castro Culture, Iberian Peninsula, National Archaeology Museum, Portugal. The twisted band of this sterling silver bracelet is like a shot elysian by the craft of ancient Celtic Torcs. The Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres". [1][2] The jewellery and one of the neck rings are made with twisted gold wire, and the other neck rings have finials shaped like trumpets. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. Torcs likely had a spiritual symbolism, and it is perhaps for this reason depictions in art of Celtic gods often show them wearing or holding torcs. The terminals are hollow and were cast using moulds and welded to the ropes. The Broighter Collar along with the rest of the Broighter Horde is the best of example of this. [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps enabling closure by hooking round. Many Celtic warriors wore a torc necklace, and depictions in art show this, the most famous example being the Dying Gaul statue of the Capitoline Museums in Rome. According to Irish Mythology, on The Cattle Raid of Cooley, the lead warrior Morann the Arbiter allegedly had a magical torc that tightened around his neck any time he made a false human activity. Two East Anglian looped torcs from the Ipswich Hoard. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was observed in September 2009. Torcs were not just exquisite works of Celtic art but also known the wearer’s status and perhaps were believed to have ghostlike properties. Guest posting In 361 BCE, one Roman general, Titus Manlius, was even given the appellation Torquatus after he defeated and killed a warrior chief from Gaul in single combat and then took his torc as a victory prize. This post was written by This intricate and ornate Sterling Silver Celtic Braid torc is a firm favourite. The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. Sign up for our free weekly email newsletter!. 350 BC, Susa, with ribbed hoop, animal head terminals, and stone inlays, from the Acropole Tomb. Guest post policy (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Quite why such a plain landscape without any geographical features of note was reasoned sacred remains a mystery. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). They were generally accompanied by smaller armlets and bracelets, not needfully co-ordinated. Accepting guest posts 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. Accepting guest posts Thin torcs, often with animal head terminals, are found in the art of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, with some other elements derived from Scythian art. [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps facultative closure by hooking round. 5 in) in diameter and weighs 6. Sign up to our mailing list for news, discounts, offers and promotions. Historians do say that most were designed for permanent wear, but some were so heavy that this seems unlikely; these were likely ‘special’ torcs reserved for important occasions while ‘everyday’ torcs were worn at other times. 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. Smaller torcs worn around the wrist are called bracelets instead. Please contact us first to be sure someone will be here to help you. This type of torc is put on and taken off by being bent out of shape. But the most performance of all has to be the Broighter Collar, a later Iron Age piece. It's important to remember that torcs are crafted of rigid metal, so there isn't the usual "give" that you will find with traditional necklaces. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. The torc dates from 200-50 BC[3] and is made from twisted gold wires. Submit content Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are flattened balls under lions' feet. To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" palm drawing on styles from the east. It includes the Broighter Hoard and other famous artefacts such as the Ardagh Chalice, Tara Brooch and Derrynaflan Hoard. Submit an article This Sterling Silver Celtic jewelry is designed in a similar way with a Celtic interlace collar with an elegant chain closure. This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. With such an iconic and instantly recognisable shape and colourful history, the Celtic Torc is a perfect piece for those that love ancient Irish history and craft. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. Thin torcs, often with animal head terminals, are found in the art of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, with some other elements derived from Scythian art. Since they were worn by societies throughout Ancient Europe from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD, many different styles, shapes and materials came and went. It’s a well known fact that Celtic warriors went to battle altogether naked except for a torc around their neck and whatever weapons they were carrying. This Sterling Silver Celtic jewelry is designed in a similar way with a Celtic interlace collar with an elegant chain closure. This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. Torcs can be heavy if you choose the heaviest weight.


The History of The Celtic Torc publish your guest post

The Belstead Brook torc was part of a hoard of five gold torcs found near Belstead Brook, Ipswich, England in 1968 CE. The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard contained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. 30 Fridays until 20. Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. Please allow 6-16 weeks for transferral. Torcs can be made from twisted strands of metal with some later examples made from solid metal or even hollow tubes. There may be a shape with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborate gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. In Iberian torcs thin gold bars are often wound round a core of base metal, with the rear section a single round section with a decorated surface. World History Encyclopedia, 18 Feb 2021. To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" decoration drawing on styles from the east. Several bands could be twisted around themselves or spiralled around a core of iron or even wood. When worn they would have given the impression of a solid ring of metal, but in fact they were relatively easy to put on and take off. The find consists of three neck torcs and a smaller bracelet, which were located in proximity to each other. The historian Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus, writing in the 1st century BCE, recorded that a gold torc was dedicated to the goddess Minerva in Massilia by Catamandus, a Gaul prince. Please allow 6-16 weeks for throw. The two terminals are highly decorative. I joined the family business in 1964 after studying watchmaking. An additive torc was later discovered nearby. There may be a shape with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborate gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was unconcealed in September 2009. Guest post opportunities If you're looking to emulate the prestige and status of the ancient Celts at home, with your own Celtic torc there are antithetical styles to suit every man or woman proud of their Irish heritage. Sponsored post Forty-eight 2mm wires were twisted in pairs to form 24 wires. Please allow 8 weeks for conveying. Smaller torcs worn around the wrist are called bracelets instead. Many British torcs are a bit like this one:. [10] One of the earliest known depictions of a torc can be found on the Warrior of Hirschlanden (6th century BC), and a high proportionality of the few Celtic statues of human figures, mostly male, show them wearing torcs. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was unconcealed in September 2009. But there are some torcs which I don’t think could be opened up, such as this one from Trichtingen in Germany, which also appeared in the Celts exhibition:. 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. 229/235 CE) describes Boudicca (d. "[27] It is of course possible action that this torc long pre-dated the reign of Prince Cynog and was a much earlier relic that had been recycled during the British Dark Ages to be used as a symbol of royal authority. As curator of the Celts exhibition, I got to spend a lot of time showing people wonderful Iron Age treasures. Want to write a post Another hint at a ritual burial is the fact that in some hoards where sixfold torcs have been found each wristband has been rib through another to form a chain. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history profession planetary. When worn they would have given the impression of a solid ring of metal, but in fact they were relatively easy to put on and take off. There seems to be a problem completing the request at present. They wear bracelets on their wrists and arms, and heavy necklaces of solid gold, rings of great value and even gold corselets. In these two types the hoop itself normally has no extra decoration, though the large torc in the Irish Broighter Gold hoard is decorated all round the hoop, the only Irish example inlaid in this way. It was, then, either made as a votive offering or once adorned a statue. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. Lightweight torcs also use fewer wires in the twisting, so overall, the torcs are more delicate and lighter to wear. Finally, in Roman Britain in the 1st and 2nd century CE a new form of torc was created which had a flat bar and a line of multiple beads at the terminals. 75 BCE, although the torcs themselves date to the period from the mid-2nd century BCE. The artefacts in hoards are almost always from varying dates and times, making it hard to locate an exact timeframe. The Broighter Collar along with the rest of the Broighter Horde is the best of example of this. Torcs were not just exquisite works of Celtic art but also known the wearer’s status and perhaps were believed to have ghostlike properties. Another La Tène example was found as part of a hoard or ritual deposit buried near Erstfeld in Switzerland. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. Guest posters wanted As centuries progressed so did design, with torcs becoming more and more elaborate with relief design and emphasis on the carving of the terminals (end points of the torc). When worn they would have given the impression of a solid ring of metal, but in fact they were relatively easy to put on and take off. Indeed the Broighter Collar is one of the finest pieces of surviving Celtic metalworking anywhere in the world today. In the terminals of British torcs loops or rings are common, and the main hoop may be two or more round bars twisted together, or several strands each made up of twisted wire. Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. © 2017 Trustees of the British Museum. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. Many Celtic warriors wore a torc necklace, and depictions in art show this, the most famous example being the Dying Gaul statue of the Capitoline Museums in Rome. This intricate and ornate Sterling Silver Celtic Braid torc is a firm favourite. Want to write for Many British torcs are a bit like this one:. It's important to remember that torcs are crafted of rigid metal, so there isn't the usual "give" that you will find with traditional necklaces. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. One of the things I was asked most often is, ‘But how did you put them on?!’ It’s a very good question, seeing as they often look like solid metal rings with nowhere near enough space to squeeze your neck through. The torcs were found by Mark Hambleton and Joe Kania at around noon on 11 December 2016,[6] in a field in Leekfrith that the two men were searching using metal detectors. They have often been somewhat clumsily repaired, as in this case:. And ever since, I've made wonderful friends who've traveled from across the globe to visit our store to share their love for Irish and Celtic culture. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a rigid piece of syntactic category adornment made from twisted metal. [2] The metal detectorists reported the find to a Portable Antiquities Scheme officer based at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery the next day. Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was bestowed by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. Guest blogger guidelines Celtic torcs were made using metals such as gold, silver, copper, iron, and bronze. In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off. The terminals are hollow and were cast using moulds and welded to the ropes. I wonder if being the proud owner of a ‘vintage’ torc (old enough to be in need of royal poinciana repairs) might have been something to be proud of. Submitting a guest post The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. They have often been somewhat clumsily repaired, as in this case:. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Guest post guidelines 9 cm, British Museum, 1951,0402. There are fine examples of ancient sterling silver torcs of Viking origin as well torcs of varied design from across the Europe from Ireland to modern day Iran. I’ve tried with replicas, and I tend to slip mine on from the back, so there are different ways of doing it. Whether you prefer a dramatic look or a daintier piece that is less distracting, a torc can be the perfect piece of jewelry for you!. However, the Celts seemed to be especially enamored with the torc, masterfully crafting thousands of pieces, and even representational process their gods and goddesses wearing them. The find consists of three neck torcs and a smaller bracelet, which were located in proximity to each other. Torcs perhaps were thought to in some way protect the wearer just as animal totems were carried on shields and swords. Become guest writer In addition, the horned figure identified as Cernunnos on the 1st-century CE Gallo-Roman Nautae Parisiaci monument has a torc hanging from each of his horns. Celtic God, Gundestrup CauldronUnknown Artist (Public Domain). Looking for guest posts The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. The word "torc" originates from the Latin word "torquis," meaning "to twist. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. Contributing writer Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. In that case, they were not always successful, and enemies of the Celts were certainly happy to collect torcs as war trophies. Soon after its effort it was noninheritable by the British Museum. The torc is now displayed at the British Museum. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. Torcs were such high value items that at least a few pieces seem to have been made as offerings to Celtic Gods. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. [10] One of the earliest known depictions of a torc can be found on the Warrior of Hirschlanden (6th century BC), and a high proportion of the few Celtic statues of human figures, mostly male, show them wearing torcs. 350-250 BC, Pleurs, France, Copper alloy, Diam. Torcs can be made from twisted strands of metal with some later examples made from solid metal or even hollow tubes. As the harrow only penetrated a few inches, it is thought that the torc had been brought to near the surface by earlier deep ploughing. If you're looking to emulate the prestige and status of the ancient Celts at home, with your own Celtic torc there are antithetical styles to suit every man or woman proud of their Irish heritage. Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit establishment. The Broighter Collar along with the rest of the Broighter Horde is the best of example of this. 5 in) in diameter and weighs 6. When this Celtic army was defeated their torcs and battle standards were hung up for public display in the Capitol of Rome. Celtic warriors of higher status frequently wore jewellery of gold, bronze, or iron around their necks and wrists as a mark of their rank in society. I welcome lovers of Irish and Celtic Jewelry to visit us, either in person to our new Showroom in Dublin, or here on our website. They are most often made of gold or bronze, but torcs of silver, copper and other metals have been found too. This is the result of it being repeatedly pulled open to be slipped on. Indeed the Broighter Collar is one of the finest pieces of surviving Celtic metalworking anywhere in the world today. They were generally accompanied by smaller armlets and bracelets, not needfully co-ordinated. Her exact title is unknown but judging by the quality of the jewellery found in the grave, she was a big deal. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. Become guest writer [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads.


Ancient Celtic Torcs guest post-

The result, when finished, was a closely twisted pinwheel-shaped torc. And ever since, I've made wonderful friends who've traveled from across the globe to visit our store to share their love for Irish and Celtic culture. Submit your content They wear bracelets on their wrists and arms, and heavy necklaces of solid gold, rings of great value and even gold corselets. The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. Bibliography Related Content Books Cite This Work License. Obviously, torcs were worn around the neck. The torcs were found by Mark Hambleton and Joe Kania at around noon on 11 December 2016,[6] in a field in Leekfrith that the two men were searching using metal detectors. 100 BC – AD 1, Gundestrup, Denmark, Silver, partially gilded, Diam. Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. A fine example of this type is the copper alloy Lochar Moss torc from Scotland, which now resides in the British Museum in London. Torcs can be heavy if you choose the heaviest weight. Last modified February 18, 2021. The perfectly intact torc is conspicuous for its high level of craftsmanship and superb artistry. Submit your content [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard restrained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. The British Museum Great Russell Street London WC1B 3DG United Kingdom. Lightweight torcs are barely noticeable and are simple for familiar wear. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily gilt-edged at the continuous front, with animal weather condition and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. The terminals would have been made separately and then soldered on. French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. An this "twisted" Torc Bangle is no less impressive. The Ipswich Hoard includes unsmooth torcs that give clear attest of the stages of work. Soon after its effort it was noninheritable by the British Museum. Have a inquiring or something you're not entirely sure about when browsing our pieces? Please reach out. It is considered so similar to the Newark Torc, found in Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire, that it might have been made by the same craftsman. This may represent the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. Twisted Torc of the Stirling Hoarddun_deagh (CC BY-SA). Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. 208-125 BCE) noted that the Gauls who invaded Italy in 225 BCE wore gold necklaces and bracelets. It is not clear whether the Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres", a sculpture of a soldier in Roman military dress, wears a torc as part of his Roman uniform or as a reflection of his Celtic concomitant. This post was written by [6] The terminal was also asserted possession trove and purchased for the British Museum with assistance from The Art Fund. Our piece of work has been reviewed for educational use by Common Sense Education, Internet Scout, Merlot II, OER Commons and School Library Journal. Written by Peter Gavin on Oct 03, 2019 | 0 Comments. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Owning and wearing a torc singled out the wearer as a person to be reckoned with, someone of very high status. [3] It has since been reunited with the rest of the Sedgeford Torc at the British Museum. And this high regard also fits with the elevated status which artists enjoyed in ancient Celtic society. This may present the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Soon after its effort it was noninheritable by the British Museum. Guest post policy Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. The terminals are not emphasized as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. Many people are interested in kilts, and all things Celtic, but are unsure of the history of this famous garment. Another La Tène example was found as part of a hoard or ritual deposit buried near Erstfeld in Switzerland. Examples from Spain and Portugal sometimes have a very thin band and heavy terminals shaped like an hourglass. 150-50 BC, Snettisham, UK, Electrum, Diam. Guest post: Elaborate examples, sometimes hollow, used a variety of techniques but complex decoration was usually begun by casting and then worked by further techniques. Torques de Foxados: Gallaecian torc with double "scotia" terminals and 6-fold interchangeable latticed motive.  It’s completely different to anything much of the jewelry we wear nowadays, and it has a long and varied history. They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. It was discovered by natural event by a farmer tilling his field in 1950 CE. More elaborate designs were made by casting the metal first and then using a variety of more widely distributed techniques. Guest-post They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was observed in September 2009. Many people are interested in kilts, and all things Celtic, but are unsure of the history of this famous garment. As with other precious objects like Celtic bronze shields, torcs were given as votive offerings to gods. Writers wanted The terminals are not stressed as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. Torcs are made by twisting metal strands together. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history profession planetary. Torques de Foxados: Gallaecian torc with double "scotia" terminals and 6-fold symmetric fretted motive. The most famous English example is the 1st-century BC multi-stranded metal Snettisham Torc found in northwestern Norfolk in England (illustrated),[19] while the single hollow torc in the Broighter Gold hoard, with relief decoration all round the hoop, is the finest example of this type from Ireland, also 1st century BC. Guest post policy I get a great kick out of conjunctive people to our lovely Island and helping them get a future family heirloom, a perfect piece of Irish or Celtic Jewelery for them to cherish. The Great Torc weighs just over a kilogram and is mostly made of gold alloyed with a small part of silver. Guest post- Celtic warriors of higher status frequently wore jewellery of gold, bronze, or iron around their necks and wrists as a mark of their rank in society. Other objects buried with the torc in a small pit were a sheet gold watchband and several other gold torcs, including one which was broken. Depictions of gods and Celtic warriors in ancient art often show these figures wearing a torc around their necks. And this high regard also fits with the elevated status which artists enjoyed in ancient Celtic society. [18] The most expatiate late Insular torcs are thick and often hollow, some with terminals forming a ring or loop. And the Celts in Ireland seem to be especially prolific, with Ireland holding the record for the most torcs discovered to date. No thanks, I don't want to personalise this item. But the most performance of all has to be the Broighter Collar, a later Iron Age piece. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. [18] The most expatiate late Insular torcs are thick and often hollow, some with terminals forming a ring or loop. Want to write for (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). [2] Torc styles of neck-ring are found as part of the adornment styles of various other cultures and periods. It had been buried with a watch bracelet and coin, which helped to date the torc to around 75 BC. World History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. But the most performance of all has to be the Broighter Collar, a later Iron Age piece. Become a contributor Some very in an elaborate way worked torcs with relief decoration in a late form of La Tène style have been found in Britain and Ireland, dating from roughly the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. Guest post- From these miniaturised torcs a popular form of jewellery then developed; the penannular brooch. Then there is an unusual example of a torc with a twisted form like a corkscrew and with disc terminals, which was found in the Stirling Hoard from Stirlingshire, Scotland (300-100 BCE). Publish your guest post If anything, then, this object, like many others, illustrates the interconnected nature of Celtic Europe as ideas in art and techniques in crafts spread from one end of the continent to the other. Celts wore torcs to demonstrate that they were free-born. Guest blogger guidelines In these two types the hoop itself normally has no extra decoration, though the large torc in the Irish Broighter Gold hoard is decorated all round the hoop, the only Irish example inlaid in this way. In 2005, together with a young designer Ciaran, we took our passion for Irish and Celtic Jewellry to the world with this website, My Irish Jeweler. The gold content of the four torcs has been measured using x-ray fluorescence to be between 74-78% (roughly same to 17-18 carat), with 18-22% silver, some copper, and traces of iron, mercury and tin – a mix consistent with other Iron Age gold finds in Europe. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. However, despite the numerous depictions in art across Celtic Europe, the precise symbolic significance of torcs to the ancient Celts is not known. The Ipswich Hoard includes unsmooth torcs that give clear attest of the stages of work. And the Celts in Ireland seem to be especially prolific, with Ireland holding the record for the most torcs discovered to date. Many Celtic warriors wore a torc necklace, and depictions in art show this, the most famous example being the Dying Gaul statue of the Capitoline Museums in Rome. In contrast, the gold torc from the 5th-century BCE Vix hoard in Burgundy, France, has spherical terminals and a small winged horse where the terminal and rope sections meet. Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. [1] The weight of the pieces varies from 31 grams (1 oz) to 230 grams (8 oz),[5] and over 350 grams (10 oz) in total. The Sedgeford Torc is a broken Iron Age gold torc found near the village of Sedgeford in Norfolk. Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. Given the large amount of precious metals found at the site, in arithmetic operation to the hi-tech design of luxurious jewellery such as this, it has been conjectured that the area around Snettisham may have been connected with royalty from the Iceni tribe, that was based in this part of England at the time. Become a contributor Most Achaemenid torcs are thin single round bars with matching animal heads as the terminals, facing each other at the front. Please click for chief information about custom-order items.


Sedgeford Torc become a contributor

Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Achaemenid torc from Persia, c. Guest article The torcs were found by Mark Hambleton and Joe Kania at around noon on 11 December 2016,[6] in a field in Leekfrith that the two men were searching using metal detectors. The Greek historian Polybius (c. Looking for guest posts Forty-eight 2mm wires were twisted in pairs to form 24 wires. The National Museum of Denmark. Even the heaviest of torcs are comfortable to wear, but the weight is up to personal preference. Finally, in Roman Britain in the 1st and 2nd century CE a new form of torc was created which had a flat bar and a line of multiple beads at the terminals. If there is one piece of jewelry to define these ancient societies, the Irish torc is it. Obviously, torcs were worn around the neck. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard contained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. The major part of the torc was found on 6 May 1965 in a field at West Hall Farm in Sedgeford, Norfolk by Dr Bernard G. Discovered in marshy ground near Mooghaun lake in Co. Would you like to change to a currency better suited to your location?. Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. Write for us A Torc (also spelled ‘torque’ or ‘torq’) is large ring made out of precious metal, usually open at one end and worn around the neck. [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. If anything, then, this object, like many others, illustrates the interconnected nature of Celtic Europe as ideas in art and techniques in crafts spread from one end of the continent to the other. Guest posting The British Museum arranged for a replica to be made, to be displayed at the Norwich Castle Museum. For the Iron Age Celts, the gold torc seems to have been a key object. Guest post courtesy of Another well known torc was found in a grave in the village of Vix in Burgundy, Northern France. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others believing there were two periods of production. Torcs were not just exquisite works of Celtic art but also known the wearer’s status and perhaps were believed to have ghostlike properties. But there are some torcs which I don’t think could be opened up, such as this one from Trichtingen in Germany, which also appeared in the Celts exhibition:. Submit content The idea of a hinge was taken up in later British neck-rings found in south-western Britain. latitude{white-space:nowrap}52°54′12″N 0°32′45″E / 52. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others believing there were two periods of production. Basic torc designs were made simply by single or multiple intertwined rods of whatever metal was being used. Become an author The Trichtingen torc was discovered near the town of that name in Germany. In the terminals of British torcs loops or rings are common, and the main hoop may be two or more round bars twisted together, or several strands each made up of twisted wire. The terminals are not emphasized as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit establishment. [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, belike dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. Write for us It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. Hi Bob, that’s a good question! The torc would have been put on and taken off by bending and exercising the piece. Want to write an article They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. The torc dates from 200-50 BC[3] and is made from twisted gold wires. Guest posting guidelines Most Torc’s are open at one side, although a few designs had hook and ring closures or grab catches to close them. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Enter personalized text in the box below. Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic social anthropology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup caldron. 75 BCE, although the torcs themselves date to the period from the mid-2nd century BCE. Guest-post For that reason there is a humorous amount of substance around about torcs, so here is a condensed version that includes thing you could possibly want to find out about this intriguing ancient fashion accessory. Guest posting The most famous English example is the 1st-century BC multi-stranded alloy Snettisham Torc found in northwestern Norfolk in England (illustrated),[19] while the single hollow torc in the Broighter Gold hoard, with relief decoration all round the hoop, is the finest example of this type from Ireland, also 1st century BC. Contribute to this site Celtic warriors of higher status frequently wore jewellery of gold, bronze, or iron around their necks and wrists as a mark of their rank in society. Submit an article I think it’s most likely that torcs such as the one above weren’t worn at all. Store Hours Until further notice, our showroom is open by appointment only. Guest column Torcs are found in the Tolstaya burial and the Karagodeuashk kurgan (Kuban area), both dating to the 4th century BC. The Broighter Collar along with the rest of the Broighter Horde is the best of example of this. Submit post The loop terminals of the torc have designs in relief of bosses and scrolls, motifs typical of late Iron Age Britain. Looking for guest posts Smaller torcs worn around the wrist are called bracelets instead. For the Iron Age Celts, the gold torc seems to have been a key object. One of the things I was asked most often is, ‘But how did you put them on?!’ It’s a very good question, seeing as they often look like solid metal rings with nowhere near enough space to squeeze your neck through. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Subsequent archaeological examination of the area did not uncover further objects. In ancient Celtic cultures, torcs were a common form of jewellery and were made from bronze, copper, silver, and gold. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard contained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. And divine by the spectacular craft of the Celts, we have a range of torc bracelets made in precious Gold or Sterling Silver. Very common across all societies was the twisted ribbon torc, a thin strip of gold twisted into a spiral shape. Subsequent archaeological examination of the area did not uncover further objects. 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. Indeed the Broighter Collar is one of the finest pieces of surviving Celtic metalworking anywhere in the world today. Many can find the more traditionalistic Torc designs without helpful chain closures quite tricky to take on and off! And unlike the Celts, wearing a piece of jewelery continuously does not always fit with modern life! So if you want to wear one of our traditional torcs, and don’t want to damage it taking it on and off every time you fancy going for a swim or doing the dishes, we have you covered! Here is our short video on how to put on and take off a torc like a pro. So why were so many torcs allowed to break? And why do the repairs often look like shoddy afterthoughts?. The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. With her was a chariot, six fibulae, seven bracelets, imported objects from ancient Italy and Greece, and two torcs among other bits and pieces. Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. Want to write for [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". Guest-post It was likely buried around 50 BCE, a date suggested by the lucky presence of a coin which was stuck in one of the terminals and radiocarbon data from wooden objects found near it. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large rigid or stiff neck ring in metal, made either as a single piece or from strands twisted unitedly. They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily gilt-edged at the continuous front, with animal weather condition and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. Guest posts wanted [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. This iconic 1970's design combines the classic Celtic shape with 12 symbols that span Irish history, including the time of the Celts. Sponsored post by They have a discreet hinge at the back, and a clasp at the front that was hidden when the terminals were closed. According to Irish Mythology, on The Cattle Raid of Cooley, the lead warrior Morann the Arbiter allegedly had a magical torc that tightened around his neck any time he made a false human activity. Real ancient torcs can be found in almost every historical museum in Ireland and the UK, and end-to-end dry land Europe. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. Accepting guest posts Other Celtic torcs may use various ways of forming the hoop: plain or patterned round bars, two or more bars twisted together, thin round rods (or thick wire) wound round a core, or woven gold wire. Guest post policy Celtic Torc, Belstead BrookThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Submit guest article The most famous and elaborate example of a Celtic torc, or any torc for that matter, was found in The Broighter Hoard in 1896 on a farm near Lough Foyle in County Derry. The Roman writer Cassius Dio (c. Looking for guest posts The torc is now displayed at the British Museum. Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. It was likely buried around 50 BCE, a date suggested by the lucky presence of a coin which was stuck in one of the terminals and radiocarbon data from wooden objects found near it. [32] The terminals were often slightly flared plain round cylinders which were folded back to hook round each other to fasten the torc at the throat. See our Irish Handmade Torc Jewelry including Torc Bracelets, Necklaces,Pendants, Cufflinks and Tiepins. It dates to around 400–250 BCE and is probably the soonest Iron Age gold work ever discovered in Britain. And this high regard also fits with the elevated status which artists enjoyed in ancient Celtic society. Want to contribute to our website The torc was reserved for the nobility of Celtic societies who wore them in battle and during various rituals. As a result of the coroner's finding, the items were offered for sale to museums at a price set by an independent board of antiquities experts known as the Treasure Valuation Committee, with the finders and landowners sharing the money paid by the museum that buys them. Submit guest article Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others believing there were two periods of production. Become a contributor Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. Model chariot from the Oxus Treasure, with both figures wearing torcs. Guest posters wanted [5] The last torc was found by the same men, in the same field, several weeks later. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large rigid or stiff neck ring in metal, made either as a single piece or from strands twisted unitedly. It’s a well known fact that Celtic warriors went to battle altogether naked except for a torc around their neck and whatever weapons they were carrying. It is considered so similar to the Newark Torc, found in Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire, that it might have been made by the same craftsman. Become guest writer Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. [10] One of the earliest known depictions of a torc can be found on the Warrior of Hirschlanden (6th century BC), and a high proportion of the few Celtic statues of human figures, mostly male, show them wearing torcs. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". It had been buried with a watch bracelet and coin, which helped to date the torc to around 75 BC. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). Accepting guest posts This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. I had a go at making a torc myself, closely based on this one:. The Snettisham Great Torc was part of the Celtic Snettisham burial hoard found near the village of Snettsham in Norfolk, England.


Leekfrith torcs sponsored post:

Become an author They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. But the most performance of all has to be the Broighter Collar, a later Iron Age piece. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. So many different types of torcs have been unconcealed in various locations. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Finally, Diodorus Siculus of Sicily, writing in the 1st century BCE, noted of Celtic warriors:. Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. It had been buried with a watch bracelet and coin, which helped to date the torc to around 75 BC. Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. The torc was buried deliberately, and as such is considered a hoarded object. Guest posting rules [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, belike dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). Steve Hammond during fieldwork by the Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project in 2004. Guest poster wanted The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. In Iberian torcs thin gold bars are often wound round a core of base metal, with the rear section a single round section with a decorated surface. Submitting a guest post Some have been found broken into pieces by opponents who possibly feared their powers. He saw the torc stuck to the harrow and immediately knew what it was. A Torc is a rigid neck or wrist artifact popular in the Bronze Age. The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages. Torcs are a type of Scythian, Illyrian, Thracian and Celtic jewellery, produced in the European Iron Age, from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. Or just imagine being the person to happen across the Late Bronze age Mooghaun Gold Horde. The torcs were found by accident by construction workers. We use it as a source of inspiration in many of our pieces of handmade here at Claddagh Jewelry. I made my version a few years ago, and have used it on a regular basis for teaching and outreach sessions, where it has been much manhandled, bent and stretched. The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. Torcs are nearly always found in hoards with various other Celtic artefacts and jewellery, such as lunulae and brooches. Submit your content In ancient Celtic cultures, torcs were a common form of jewellery and were made from bronze, copper, silver, and gold. Guest post Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. Guest post opportunities The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. One torc was bronze and not all that considerable when compared with the other, which was 24 carat gold and weighted almost 500 grams. Guest post- [24] Pliny the Elder records that after a battle in 386 BC (long before his lifetime) the Romans healed 183 torcs from the Celtic dead, and similar booty is mentioned by other authors. Derived from the Latin word ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist,’ the bulk of extant examples of ancient Torcs were typically crafted out of gold. Contribute to this site In Easter 2004 the missing pole was found during an archaeological fieldwalking survey, using metal detectors, arranged by the Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. [2] They also found no bear witness of a settlement or grave on the site. VAT Registration No 751 4174 44. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. It is finished beautifully with ornate buffers or cuffs that incorperate Celtic interlace and ancient triskele symbols. It had been buried with a watch bracelet and coin, which helped to date the torc to around 75 BC. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. Some have been found broken into pieces by opponents who possibly feared their powers. The celts themselves may well have considered torcs, if not as a monetary system per se, at least as a handy form of portable wealth, especially so when an army was on the move. The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages. Learn how your comment data is processed. My Grandfather ran Gavin's Jewellers in Dublin for many years before my father opened College House Jewellers in 1963. Copper, bronze, gold, and silver are used to make both light and heavy-weight neck torcs. The Trichtingen TorcLandesmuseum Württemberg (CC BY-SA). They are formed either with smooth, hollow, or twisted bands. The flange-twisting technique of torc making involved cutting flanges into the body of the torc and, once fitted together, attachment them along the inner side to form a cross. For the Iron Age Celts, the gold torc seems to have been a key object. The Torc has been a huge inspiration to many of our design concepts at Claddagh Design. Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. Torcs (sometimes spelt torques, from the Latin) were meant to be worn around the neck and wrist and have been found across Celtic Europe from Iberia to Bohemia. However, the Celts seemed to be especially enamored with the torc, masterfully crafting thousands of pieces, and even representational process their gods and goddesses wearing them. An interior panel of the cauldron shows a godlike figure with antlers sitting cross-legged and wearing a torc around his neck. Measure your neck and allow for some movement when choosing the size. Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. [3] It has since been reunited with the rest of the Sedgeford Torc at the British Museum. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. The torcs were probably worn by wealthy and powerful women, perhaps people from the Continent who had married into the local community. They are formed either with smooth, hollow, or twisted bands. Collectively, these objects are known as the Snettisham burial hoard. The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. The torc was alleged cherish trove during an inquest held at Sedgeford on 29 December 1966. From these miniaturised torcs a popular form of jewellery then developed; the penannular brooch. As curator of the Celts exhibition, I got to spend a lot of time showing people wonderful Iron Age treasures. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. They have a discreet hinge at the back, and a clasp at the front that was hidden when the terminals were closed. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Guest-post There may be a shape with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborate gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. We take production for many of our cautiously crafted pieces from these ancient designs. From these kinds of evidence, I strongly suspect that torcs were put on and taken off quite regularly, rather than being intended to be worn for very long periods of time. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. Another possible depiction of Cernunnos, this time in the form of a 1st-century BCE bronze figure found in Bouray near Paris, has him wearing a torc around his neck. The torc may have travelled as a diplomatic gift or been an object of interregional trade. Guest contributor guidelines In 2005, together with a young designer Ciaran, we took our passion for Irish and Celtic Jewellry to the world with this website, My Irish Jeweler. VAT Registration No 751 4174 44. Join a growing vocation of people oecumenical who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. This may represent the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. The twisted band of this sterling silver bracelet is like a shot elysian by the craft of ancient Celtic Torcs. The Trichtingen silver torc with bull heads, perhaps 2nd century BC. Articles wanted This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. And for Irish history buffs, we have the History of Ireland Torc available in Sterling Silver and Gold. But we have so little evidence for what constituted ‘day-to-day wear’ in the Iron Age that it’s hard to be sure. For that reason there is a humorous amount of substance around about torcs, so here is a condensed version that includes thing you could possibly want to find out about this intriguing ancient fashion accessory. The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. More elaborate designs were made by casting the metal first and then using a variety of more widely distributed techniques. Archaeologists subsequently surveyed the site, but found no other items, declaring it a "complete find". Guest-blogger 1  (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Store Hours Until further notice, our saleroom is open by date only. Guest article In addition, several of the godlike figures on the exterior of the cauldron are wearing torcs around their necks. Copper, bronze, gold, and silver are used to make both light and heavy-weight neck torcs. Achaemenid torc from Persia, c. The National Museum of Denmark. Celtic torcs were made using metals such as gold, silver, copper, iron, and bronze. Their contributions, whether beautiful songs, swords and other weapons, or spectacular jewellery for the Celtic elite, was highly valued. Real ancient torcs can be found in almost every historical museum in Ireland and the UK, and end-to-end dry land Europe. A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. Model chariot from the Oxus Treasure, with both figures wearing torcs. Most Torc’s are open at one side, although a few designs had hook and ring closures or grab catches to close them. Accepting guest posts Last modified February 18, 2021. After this, Romans adopted the torc as a artifact for distinguished soldiers and elite units during Republican times. The torc was alleged cherish trove during an inquest held at Sedgeford on 29 December 1966. 350-250 BC, Pleurs, France, Copper alloy, Diam. Indeed so much so that the design of many torcs would have made them difficult to take off, so they may have been worn quite continuously! No mean feat when you consider that many designs would have weighed several pounds. I bought a Claddagh Pendant for my mams 70th natal day.


Celtic Neck Torcs guest contributor guidelines

The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. So why were so many torcs allowed to break? And why do the repairs often look like shoddy afterthoughts?. A torc is part of the Pereshchepina hoard dating to the 7th century AD. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. You can see that one of the terminals of this torc has been pulled slightly forward compared to the other one. Become a guest blogger 21 cm, British Museum, 1991,0407. Torcs perhaps were thought to in some way protect the wearer just as animal totems were carried on shields and swords. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). Hi Bob, that’s a good question! The torc would have been put on and taken off by bending and exercising the piece. The terminals mix embossed areas with chased 'basketwork', the craftworker using very fine tools to achieve this and to sharpen up the cast work and remove any imperfections. The terminals are not stressed as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. 27 BCE - 14 CE), a massive gold torc far too heavy to ever wear. [1][3] One of the latter has been broken into two pieces. Their contributions, whether beautiful songs, swords and other weapons, or spectacular jewellery for the Celtic elite, was highly valued. Smaller torcs worn around the wrist are called bracelets instead. They might have been symbols of status to be brandished aloft, rather than worn around the neck, just like the way that the antlered god on this plaque from the Gundestrup cauldron hefts a torc into the air, terminals upright. It was, then, either made as a votive offering or once adorned a statue. This type of torc is put on and taken off by being bent out of shape. [7] There are several flared gold torcs with a C-shaped section in the huge Mooghaun North Hoard of Late Bronze Age gold from 800 to 700 BC found in County Clare in Ireland. Many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been nasty to remove. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. HE ABSOLUTELY LOVES HIS RING AND HAS GOTTEN COMPLIMENTED MANY MANY TIMES!! I WILL DEFINITELY BE BACK TO ORDER SOME OF THE OTHER BEAUTIFUL JEWELRY!! MY HUSBAND'S PARENTS ARE FROM IRELAND & WE LIVE(. The Roman writer Cassius Dio (c. They are formed either with smooth, hollow, or twisted bands. Some torcs have been given extra shine using the mercury gilding technique which leaves a pure gold surface after the mercury has been evaporated under heat. Sponsored post by Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". This unique find is of worldwide importance. As centuries progressed so did design, with torcs becoming more and more elaborate with relief design and emphasis on the carving of the terminals (end points of the torc). Torcs were such high value items that at least a few pieces seem to have been made as offerings to Celtic Gods. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all abstract. Become guest writer Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed separately. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. Guest posting guidelines Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. This unique find is of worldwide importance. Guest post by On a visit to the National Museum of Ireland, you are sure to be struck by Ireland’s fantastic history of metalwork. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. Most Achaemenid torcs are thin single round bars with matching animal heads as the terminals, facing each other at the front. Torcs were highly prized items for this reason and top of the list of coveted gold if the Celts were ever defeated. They have often been somewhat clumsily repaired, as in this case:. It was likely buried around 50 BCE, a date suggested by the lucky presence of a coin which was stuck in one of the terminals and radiocarbon data from wooden objects found near it. The torc is now displayed at the British Museum. If you anneal the metal – heat it up to cherry-red temperature, around 600–700 degrees centigrade – it re-softens. Submit a guest post Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. A modern twist on an ancient design classic for a contemporary and covering look. 229/235 CE) describes Boudicca (d. Snettisham Great TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. A much more spectacular haul was made in 191 BCE when a Roman army defeated a Celt army at Bologna and amassed a war booty of 1,500 gold torcs. Torcs were such high value items that at least a few pieces seem to have been made as offerings to Celtic Gods. Many of these "torcs" are too small to be worn round the neck of an adult, and were either worn as bracelets or armlets, or by children or statues. Submit a guest post [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. [32] The terminals were often slightly flared plain round cylinders which were folded back to hook round each other to fasten the torc at the throat. Contribute to our site The Sedgeford Torc is a broken Iron Age gold torc found near the village of Sedgeford in Norfolk. He saw the torc stuck to the harrow and immediately knew what it was. From these miniaturised torcs a popular form of jewellery then developed; the penannular brooch. The Torc has been a huge inspiration to many of our design concepts at Claddagh Design. They are believed to be the oldest Iron Age gold jewellery found in Britain. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). The word comes from Latin torquis (or torques), from torqueo, "to twist", because of the twisted shape many of the rings have. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). So why were so many torcs allowed to break? And why do the repairs often look like shoddy afterthoughts?. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily gilt-edged at the continuous front, with animal weather condition and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. The find consists of three neck torcs and a smaller bracelet, which were located in proximity to each other. Many Celtic warriors wore a torc necklace, and depictions in art show this, the most famous example being the Dying Gaul statue of the Capitoline Museums in Rome. Guest post courtesy of Another well known torc was found in a grave in the village of Vix in Burgundy, Northern France. The find consists of three neck torcs and a smaller bracelet, which were located in proximity to each other. These eight thicker ropes were then twisted together to form the body of the torc. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. Publish your guest post Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. Historians do say that most were designed for permanent wear, but some were so heavy that this seems unlikely; these were likely ‘special’ torcs reserved for important occasions while ‘everyday’ torcs were worn at other times. Submit an article Most Achaemenid torcs are thin single round bars with matching animal heads as the terminals, facing each other at the front. From these kinds of evidence, I strongly suspect that torcs were put on and taken off quite regularly, rather than being intended to be worn for very long periods of time. There may be a connective with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborated gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. Submit post It may have been broken when it was buried, or broken at a later date by ploughing. Thin torcs, often with animal head terminals, are found in the art of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, with some other elements derived from Scythian art. In the terminals of British torcs loops or rings are common, and the main hoop may be two or more round bars twisted together, or several strands each made up of twisted wire. We use it as a source of inspiration in many of our pieces of handmade here at Claddagh Jewelry. Their contributions, whether beautiful songs, swords and other weapons, or spectacular jewellery for the Celtic elite, was highly valued. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. The torc was nonheritable for the British Museum through the Duchy of Lancaster and with the assistance of the Christy Trust, and the finder, farmworker A. And if it was fit for a God, why would you take off a beautiful torc? Especially when it marked you out as someone important and displayed your great prosperity to such effect. Snettisham Great TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). It was discovered by natural event by a farmer tilling his field in 1950 CE. The most decorative were belike worn for special occasions, and some of the simpler designs may have been for routine wear. At an inquest held later the same day, the torcs were declared to be 'Treasure' under the Treasure Act 1996. Guest post policy The Great Torc weighs just over a kilogram and is mostly made of gold alloyed with a small part of silver. Depictions of gods and Celtic warriors in ancient art often show these figures wearing a torc around their necks. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Indeed the Broighter Collar is one of the finest pieces of surviving Celtic metalworking anywhere in the world today. By the time it went into the ground, it was probably an heirloom object, perhaps as much as 100 years old. Celts wore torcs to demonstrate that they were free-born. [17] After the early period, torcs are peculiarly prominent in the Celtic cultures reaching to a coast of the Atlantic, from modern Spain to Ireland, and on both sides of the English Channel. This post was written by It's important to remember that torcs are crafted of rigid metal, so there isn't the usual "give" that you will find with traditional necklaces. Guest-blogger Many Celtic torcs have terminals which are fat rings but other types exist, such as in the form of serpent heads, an animal associated with strength and teemingness. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". Guest column 200-50 BC, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, silver, iron, D 29. The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way.


Leekfrith torcs guest blogger

Guest posting guidelines Ireland holds the record for the most Torcs found in any country; thirty-one, to be precise. 2 lbs) and was meant to be worn around the neck. Several bands could be twisted around themselves or spiralled around a core of iron or even wood. Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was bestowed by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. The twisted band of this sterling silver bracelet is like a shot elysian by the craft of ancient Celtic Torcs. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double ornament called scotiae. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Our piece of work has been reviewed for educational use by Common Sense Education, Internet Scout, Merlot II, OER Commons and School Library Journal. You can send us a note or give us a call—the Dublin workshop is here to make sure that you have a perfect experience from start to finish with My Irish Jeweler. This is a guest post by Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. They had no fixed plans as they surveyed the field, having started metal detecting as a hobby 18 months before (although Hambleton used to go metal-detecting with his father when he was young). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This is a guest post by Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. The Great Torc weighs just over a kilogram and is mostly made of gold alloyed with a small part of silver. 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. Or just imagine being the person to happen across the Late Bronze age Mooghaun Gold Horde. There are mentions in medieval compilations of Irish mythology; for example in the Lebor Gabála Érenn (11th century) Elatha wore 5 golden torcs when meeting Eriu. The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. As curator of the Celts exhibition, I got to spend a lot of time showing people wonderful Iron Age treasures. It can be worn as an arm ring, a circular neck ring, or a jewellery that is open-ended at the front. But there are also ancient examples of Torcs in other metals like Silver or Bronze. Guest blogger A Torc is a rigid neck or wrist artifact popular in the Bronze Age. One thing which is more certain is that torcs are surprisingly rare in male burials and more common in the tombs of women and girls, where they are most often made of bronze. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. This post was written by Although this is one of the most famous examples, the form is typical: open at the front, with a flexible neck-ring made of coiled or twisted wires. […] Try National Museum of Ireland – Natural History, the National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology,  Chester Beatty Library, The Little Museum of Dublin, and […]. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. When they bumped into each other some time later and the King recognised him as the man who was gifted the torc, he relinquished his kingdom to him. Contribute to our site To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" decoration drawing on styles from the east. Become a guest blogger They have often been somewhat clumsily repaired, as in this case:. To the East, torcs appear in Scythian art from the Early Iron Age, and include "classicizing" palm drawing on styles from the east. Another technique known as the ‘buffer technique’ embroiled forming two sheets of gold into hollow tubes, which were then bent into semi-circles before adding terminals. Submit guest article A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large rigid or stiff neck ring in metal, made either as a single piece or from strands twisted together. Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. The figure also holds a torc in his right hand. Smaller torcs worn around the wrist are called bracelets instead. Elaborate examples, sometimes hollow, used a variety of techniques but complex decoration was usually begun by casting and then worked by further techniques. In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off. I bought a Claddagh Pendant for my mams 70th natal day. Decorative details and comparative finds, meanwhile, suggest it may have been made in Gaul. [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps enabling closure by hooking round. Often torcs have been found alongside female remains, suggesting that they were used in burial rituals. The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. Master blacksmiths, metalworkers, musicians and other artists were given a special place in ancient Celtic society along with the Druids who were known as “men of art”. The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. The Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres". The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. Then three of these paired wires were twisted together in the opposite direction to make a rope (comprising six avant-garde wires). The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. When you consider that some torcs weigh several kilos, it seems fair to give someone that title if they had to run around for several hours at a time with that around their neck!. The terminals were then cast onto the two twisted solid bars using the lost wax technique. Finally, another famous sculpture, the sandstone Mšecké Žehrovice head from the Czech Republic, which dates to around the 2nd century BCE, also wears a thick torc around the neck. The Sedgeford Torc is a broken Iron Age gold torc found near the village of Sedgeford in Norfolk. Guest post Please click for important information about custom-order items. Guest posts Of course, too, the two ideas may run together: deposits were made for both ritual purposes and as a means of safekeeping these objects, saved as they were by the sacredness of the site. Achaemenid torc from Persia, c. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. The Trichtingen torc was discovered near the town of that name in Germany. The flange-twisting technique of torc making involved cutting flanges into the body of the torc and, once fitted together, attachment them along the inner side to form a cross. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. 150-50 BC, Snettisham, UK, Electrum, Diam. The Celtic torc disappears in the Migration Period, but during the Viking Age torc-style metal necklaces, now mainly in silver, came back into fashion. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Other metals may have been used to make these pieces of jewellery, but it may be just hard wearing metals like gold and silver that have survived to this day. In Iberian torcs thin gold bars are often wound round a core of base metal, with the rear section a single round section with a decorated surface. Sponsored post by There are several types of rigid gold and sometimes bronze necklaces and collars of the later European Bronze Age, from around 1200 BC, many of which are classed as "torcs". [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps facultative closure by hooking round. Some torcs have been given extra shine using the mercury gilding technique which leaves a pure gold surface after the mercury has been evaporated under heat. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. A torc from the 1st century BC Winchester Hoard, is broadly in Celtic style but uses the Roman technique of laced gold wire, suggesting it may have been a "diplomatic gift" from a Roman to a British tribal king. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. The result, when finished, was a closely twisted pinwheel-shaped torc. There are several types of rigid gold and sometimes bronze necklaces and collars of the later European Bronze Age, from around 1200 BC, many of which are classed as "torcs". [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps enabling closure by hooking round. Submit an article French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. This type of torc is put on and taken off by being bent out of shape. World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit establishment. An interior panel of the cauldron shows a godlike figure with antlers sitting cross-legged and wearing a torc around his neck. Suggest a post Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Another La Tène example was found as part of a hoard or ritual deposit buried near Erstfeld in Switzerland. Some may represent the work-in-progress of a workshop. Still, people are occasionally ‘hitting the jackpot’ – just five years ago an amateur art hunter in County Fermanagh dug up a 3,000 year old torc that is now on display in the Ulster museum. Guest posts It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineate the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, conflict at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. I’ve tried with replicas, and I tend to slip mine on from the back, so there are different ways of doing it. Blog for us Some may represent the work-in-progress of a workshop. Sponsored post: This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. With her was a chariot, six fibulae, seven bracelets, imported objects from ancient Italy and Greece, and two torcs among other bits and pieces. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others basic cognitive process there were two periods of production. The torcs were found by accident by construction workers. The torc is now on display in the Landesmuseum Württemberg, Stuttgart. Another La Tène example was found as part of a hoard or ritual deposit buried near Erstfeld in Switzerland. Many surviving torcs have been found in shallow pits, most likely put there for a ritual purpose as a votive content or simply for safekeeping, and, with some weighing over a kilo (2. Submitted by Mark Cartwright, published on 18 February 2021 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. 30 Fridays until 20. As ancient jewelry goes, the Torc is probably both the most unusual and the most widespread piece you can find. Sign up to our mailing list for news, discounts, offers and promotions. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. Want to contribute to our website French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps facultative closure by hooking round. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. They might have been symbols of status to be brandished aloft, rather than worn around the neck, just like the way that the antlered god on this plaque from the Gundestrup cauldron hefts a torc into the air, terminals upright. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. 100 BC – AD 1, Gundestrup, Denmark, Silver, partially gilded, Diam. The major part of the torc was found on 6 May 1965 in a field at West Hall Farm in Sedgeford, Norfolk by Dr Bernard G. 6 cm, British Museum, 1963,0407. Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. A modern twist on an ancient design classic for a contemporary and covering look. Combining Celtic interlace with a classic open Torc shape this substantial bracelet is a striking piece that is also perfect for engraving on the inside band. Another well known torc was found in a grave in the village of Vix in Burgundy, Northern France. Guest post- Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. You can read some testimonials from our customers here. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard contained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. Smaller bracelets and armlets worn around the wrist or on the upper arm sometimes share very similar forms. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. If you anneal the metal – heat it up to cherry-red temperature, around 600–700 degrees centigrade – it re-softens.


Great Torc from Snettisham guest blogger guidelines

The torc is crafted from four thick stran. The torc is now displayed at the British Museum. 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double clay sculpture called scotiae. We offer our site in number of different currencies. Guest posters wanted Torques de Foxados: Gallaecian torc with double "scotia" terminals and 6-fold symmetric fretted motive. Submit blog post According to Julia Farley, curator of British and European Iron Age collections of the British Museum,[7] the torcs were "most likely" made in the area of what is now Germany or France,[1][3] most likely in the period 400–250 BCE (La Tène period). Submit content An interior panel of the cauldron shows a godlike figure with antlers sitting cross-legged and wearing a torc around his neck. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. Guest column However it was used, the torc was obviously a powerful symbol. Guest posters wanted One King of Tara, Dermot MacCerrbheoil, dreamt that angels took his torc from his neck and gave it to a stranger, who turned out to be St. So why were so many torcs allowed to break? And why do the repairs often look like shoddy afterthoughts?. Please contact us first to be sure someone will be here to help you. They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. HE ABSOLUTELY LOVES HIS RING AND HAS GOTTEN COMPLIMENTED MANY MANY TIMES!! I WILL DEFINITELY BE BACK TO ORDER SOME OF THE OTHER BEAUTIFUL JEWELRY!! MY HUSBAND'S PARENTS ARE FROM IRELAND & WE LIVE(. Depictions of gods and Celtic warriors in ancient art often show these figures wearing a torc around their necks. © 2017 Trustees of the British Museum. Smaller torcs worn around the wrist are called bracelets instead. Guest-blogger 37  (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Indeed so much so that the design of many torcs would have made them difficult to take off, so they may have been worn quite continuously! No mean feat when you consider that many designs would have weighed several pounds. Submit a guest post The Vix Grave was the burial place of a noble woman that had somehow never been looted. This may represent the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Silver torc of two strands twisted together with double-loop terminals. In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. Prior to undergoing valuation, the torcs were placed on public display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery from 1 March to 2 April 2017. Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. Then three of these paired wires were twisted together in the opposite direction to make a rope (comprising six avant-garde wires). Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was bestowed by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. If there is one piece of jewelry to define these ancient societies, the Irish torc is it. The terminals are hollow and were cast using moulds and welded to the ropes. Guest post opportunities [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard restrained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. Also known by the name torque or torq depending on where you are, they were a hugely popular form of Bronze age jewellery. Snettisham Great Torc DetailThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). However, despite the numerous depictions in art across Celtic Europe, the precise symbolic significance of torcs to the ancient Celts is not known. Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Guest post- But there are also ancient examples of Torcs in other metals like Silver or Bronze. The Snettisham Hoard, perhaps the stock of a goldsmith, showing the variety of British forms, c. Our piece of work has been reviewed for educational use by Common Sense Education, Internet Scout, Merlot II, OER Commons and School Library Journal. Please contact us first to be sure someone will be here to help you. Guest blogger guidelines The National Museum of Denmark. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, continue a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, negotiable ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived preference for ribbon torcs, which continuing for over 1,000 years". [1][3] One of the latter has been broken into two pieces. Contribute to our site 8 cm, British Museum 1991,0407. I’ve included lots of photos I took at the National Museum of Ireland so you can see just a small selection of the torcs found in Ireland. If you have questions, we have answers. The attending of coins with torcs might hint at the latter purpose but the sheer concept of gold in some hoards would suggest they were too valuable to be owned by a single person or family and so perhaps these were ritual hotspots which generations of people dedicated valuables to over many years. One of the torcs is a smaller bangle decorated with ornament in the style of Celtic art, and the other three are neck rings. This unisex Celtic wrist torc truly is a sensational piece of Scottish jewellery. It is considered so similar to the Newark Torc, found in Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire, that it might have been made by the same craftsman. The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. Blog for us The hollow gold terminals, in a ring shape, were cast using the lost wax method, and is fringed in the La Tène style with moulded raised decoration of trumpet voids and circles, highlighted with pellets and cold hammering. Another well known torc was found in a grave in the village of Vix in Burgundy, Northern France. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. The terminals are hollow and were cast using moulds and welded to the ropes. The author wrote that there still existed a certain royal torc that had once been worn by Prince Cynog ap Brychan of Brycheiniog (fl. Submit guest article [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. Northern Gallaeci torc (Artabri type with "pear" terminals) Galicia, showing construction, and decoration of the hoop. The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double clay sculpture called scotiae. And the Celtic Torc stands out above all other fine examples of ancient Irish metalwork. This would have been a simple matter with the applied science available. When you consider that some torcs weigh several kilos, it seems fair to give someone that title if they had to run around for several hours at a time with that around their neck!. blessings to the rebel county crafts makers. Become guest writer Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Gold, bronze and silver are the metals that are the most durable, so naturally the most examples we have today are made from one of these three. This unique find is of worldwide importance. If anything, then, this object, like many others, illustrates the interconnected nature of Celtic Europe as ideas in art and techniques in crafts spread from one end of the continent to the other. Heavy metal indeed! But there are torcs have been found that also would have been worn by children as well as high status men and women. And ever since, I've made wonderful friends who've traveled from across the globe to visit our store to share their love for Irish and Celtic culture. 200-50 BC, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, silver, iron, D 29. Some may represent the work-in-progress of a workshop. It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. The terminals would have been made separately and then soldered on. In 2005, together with a young designer Ciaran, we took our passion for Irish and Celtic Jewellry to the world with this website, My Irish Jeweler. The British Museum arranged for a replica to be made, to be displayed at the Norwich Castle Museum. Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. Guest-post 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. However, the Celts seemed to be especially enamored with the torc, masterfully crafting thousands of pieces, and even representational process their gods and goddesses wearing them. It was, then, either made as a votive offering or once adorned a statue. This piece of jewelry stormproof the neck during a sword fight while proving that they were someone of importance. Want to contribute to our website Gold torcs were generally thought to be associated with royalty while bronze or copper torcs were used by slightly less noble members of society. [3] It has since been reunited with the rest of the Sedgeford Torc at the British Museum. The terminals are not emphasized as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. We take production for many of our cautiously crafted pieces from these ancient designs. Enter personalized text in the box below. Of it he says, "it is most like to gold in weight, nature, and colour; it is in four pieces wrought round, joined together artificially, and clefted as it were in the middle, with a dog's head, the teeth vertical outward; it is esteemed by the inhabitants so powerful a relic, that no man dares swear falsely when it is laid before him. The torc is crafted from four thick stran. Another technique known as the ‘buffer technique’ embroiled forming two sheets of gold into hollow tubes, which were then bent into semi-circles before adding terminals. It may have been broken when it was buried, or broken at a later date by ploughing. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. In ancient Celtic cultures, torcs were a common form of jewellery and were made from bronze, copper, silver, and gold. Guest article Torcs were such high value items that at least a few pieces seem to have been made as offerings to Celtic Gods. Enter personalized text in the box below. [17] After the early period, torcs are peculiarly prominent in the Celtic cultures reaching to a coast of the Atlantic, from modern Spain to Ireland, and on both sides of the English Channel. Submit an article This piece of jewelry stormproof the neck during a sword fight while proving that they were someone of importance. There are several types of rigid gold and sometimes bronze necklaces and collars of the later European Bronze Age, from around 1200 BC, many of which are classed as "torcs". 241-197 BCE) in honour of his victory over the Galatians. 21 cm, British Museum, 1991,0407. Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. Guest post: Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was presented by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. 100 BCE silver and part gilded vessel with rich relief decoration. 100 BC – AD 1, Gundestrup, Denmark, Silver, partially gilded, Diam.


Sedgeford Torc guest post-

They wear bracelets on their wrists and arms, and heavy necklaces of solid gold, rings of great value and even gold corselets. Become a contributor Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history profession planetary. And divine by the spectacular craft of the Celts, we have a range of torc bracelets made in precious Gold or Sterling Silver. The Broighter Collar along with the rest of the Broighter Horde is the best of example of this. Articles wanted Customer Service Hours Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Saturday: 11:00AM–2:00PM. Although it may have started out as little more than an ornament, over time the torc became attributed to great warriors. There seems to be a problem completing the request at present. The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. Another well known torc was found in a grave in the village of Vix in Burgundy, Northern France. It is not clear whether the Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres", a artistic production of a soldier in Roman military dress, wears a torc as part of his Roman uniform or as a reflection of his Celtic noise. The Greek historian Polybius (c. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. Submitting a guest post 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. This is a guest post by Found in Derry beside the sea many have speculated that it represents an offering to a Celtic God of the Sea, Manannán mac Lir. 1  (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Guest post policy Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. The torc was alleged cherish trove during an inquest held at Sedgeford on 29 December 1966. The intricate and highly decorative style of this collar is associated with the Le Tène culture that many think of as synonymous with Celtic design. A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. Guest post: The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. Found in Derry beside the sea many have speculated that it represents an offering to a Celtic God of the Sea, Manannán mac Lir. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. 1  (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). Email (will not be published) (required). The Vix Grave was the burial place of a noble woman that had somehow never been looted. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Customer Service Hours Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Saturday: 11:00AM–2:00PM. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Guest posting rules On a visit to the National Museum of Ireland, you are sure to be struck by Ireland’s fantastic history of metalwork. An additive torc was later discovered nearby. After this, Romans adopted the torc as a decoration for dignified soldiers and elite units during Republican times. And the Celts in Ireland seem to be especially prolific, with Ireland holding the record for the most torcs discovered to date. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. In contrast, the gold torc from the 5th-century BCE Vix hoard in Burgundy, France, has spherical terminals and a small winged horse where the terminal and rope sections meet. It is not clear whether the Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres", a sculpture of a soldier in Roman military dress, wears a torc as part of his Roman uniform or as a reflection of his Celtic concomitant. The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages. They found the first three torcs separately, approximately 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) beneath the surface of the field[8] and around 3. The "buffer" form of concluding was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. One side may be raised from being repeatedly pulled open. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. As ancient jewelry goes, the Torc is probably both the most unusual and the most widespread piece you can find. Indeed so much so that the design of many torcs would have made them difficult to take off, so they may have been worn quite continuously! No mean feat when you consider that many designs would have weighed several pounds. Many British torcs are a bit like this one:. One side may be raised from being repeatedly pulled open. Guest-post In the terminals of British torcs loops or rings are common, and the main hoop may be two or more round bars twisted together, or several strands each made up of twisted wire. © 2017 Trustees of the British Museum. [17] After the early period, torcs are especially prominent in the Celtic cultures accomplishment to a coast of the Atlantic, from modern Spain to Ireland, and on both sides of the English Channel. There are mentions in medieval compilations of Irish mythology; for example in the Lebor Gabála Érenn (11th century) Elatha wore 5 golden torcs when meeting Eriu. 100 BC – AD 1, Gundestrup, Denmark, Silver, partially gilded, Diam. Some have been found broken into pieces by opponents who possibly feared their powers. Become an author The major part of the torc was found on 6 May 1965 in a field at West Hall Farm in Sedgeford, Norfolk by Dr Bernard G. From these miniaturised torcs a popular form of jewellery then developed; the penannular brooch. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was observed in September 2009. They are believed to be the oldest Iron Age gold jewellery found in Britain. Free admission Open daily 10. The British Museum Great Russell St London WC1B 3DG. [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. The most famous and elaborate example of a Celtic torc, or any torc for that matter, was found in The Broighter Hoard in 1896 on a farm near Lough Foyle in County Derry. Not only was the pendant amazing but the display and the parcel it came in was exquisite. As the harrow only penetrated a few inches, it is thought that the torc had been brought to near the surface by earlier deep ploughing. The Niederzier hoard found near Düren in Germany (1st century BCE) has gold bracelets which appear to be torcs with prominent terminals but are complete rings. I think it’s most likely that torcs such as the one above weren’t worn at all. 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history profession planetary. Submit guest article Join our Email list for early offers and special features. And for Irish history buffs, we have the History of Ireland Torc available in Sterling Silver and Gold. They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. Ireland holds the record for the most Torcs found in any country; thirty-one, to be precise. Subsequent archaeological examination of the area did not uncover further objects. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. As a result, many of these torcs have been found to show signs of damage from being bent out of shape. When you bend metal in this way, it tends to harden and become brittle. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). Often torcs have been found alongside female remains, suggesting that they were used in burial rituals. Guest post by Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. According to Irish Mythology, on The Cattle Raid of Cooley, the lead warrior Morann the Arbiter allegedly had a magical torc that tightened around his neck any time he made a false human activity. The two terminals are highly decorative. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The torc is crafted from four thick stran. 350 BC, Susa, with ribbed hoop, animal head terminals, and stone inlays, from the Acropole Tomb. Many other Iron Age hoards have since been found in the vicinity, but the Great Torc is thoughtful by archaeologists to be the most decisive find from Snettisham. Torcs were effectively Celtic Status Symbols. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The torc was reserved for the nobility of Celtic societies who wore them in battle and during various rituals. [5] H M Senior Coroner for Stoke-on-Trent and North Staffordshire, Ian Smith,[9] described the find as "not quite in the same league as the Staffordshire Hoard, but nevertheless exhilarating. Want to write an article The result, when finished, was a closely twisted pinwheel-shaped torc. A modern twist on an ancient design classic for a contemporary and covering look. Most Achaemenid torcs are thin single round bars with matching animal heads as the terminals, facing each other at the front. In contrast, the gold torc from the 5th-century BCE Vix hoard in Burgundy, France, has spherical terminals and a small winged horse where the terminal and rope sections meet. 350-250 BC, Pleurs, France, Copper alloy, Diam. The most decorative were belike worn for special occasions, and some of the simpler designs may have been for routine wear. AD 50 – 150, Dorset, UK, Leaded brass, red enamel, Diam. Bibliography Related Content Books Cite This Work License. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. Accepting guest posts This may present the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. However, despite the numerous depictions in art across Celtic Europe, the precise symbolic significance of torcs to the ancient Celts is not known. Become an author Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Store Hours Until further notice, our showroom is open by appointment only. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others believing there were two periods of production. Today it is on display in the British Museum. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard contained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. Although discovering ancient Celtic artefacts was never an everyday event, it’s even less common now than it was a few centuries ago. The Snettisham Great Torc was part of the Celtic Snettisham burial hoard found near the village of Snettsham in Norfolk, England. Given the large amount of precious metals found at the site, in arithmetic operation to the hi-tech design of luxurious jewellery such as this, it has been conjectured that the area around Snettisham may have been connected with royalty from the Iceni tribe, that was based in this part of England at the time. We closed the doors of College House for the final time in 2011 but since then I have delighted in sharing our Irish and Celtic Jewelry with a global audience online. Guest author The flange-twisting technique of torc making involved cutting flanges into the body of the torc and, once fitted together, attachment them along the inner side to form a cross. In addition, several of the godlike figures on the exterior of the cauldron are wearing torcs around their necks. Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. Northern Gallaeci torc (Artabri type with "pear" terminals) Galicia, showing construction, and decoration of the hoop. The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. The Roman appreciation of torcs sure enough continued long after they had conquered Celtic tribes.


Sedgeford Torc submit blog post

I had a go at making a torc myself, closely based on this one:. Celtic warriors of higher status frequently wore jewellery of gold, bronze, or iron around their necks and wrists as a mark of their rank in society. Want to contribute to our website You may have experienced this first hand if you have ever wanted to break off a piece of wire for hanging a picture or working in the garden and did this by bending it back and forth until it broke. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. This constant flexing caused a lot of stress to the metal neck rings of the torc. Today it is on display in the British Museum. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard contained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. The torc is now on display in the Landesmuseum Württemberg, Stuttgart. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. Guest poster wanted My Grandfather ran Gavin's Jewellers in Dublin for many years before my father opened College House Jewellers in 1963. Publish your guest post For the Celtic tribes of Scotland, torcs were a mystical item with fine examples given as votive offerings to pre-Christian gods. Guest blogger guidelines [17] After the early period, torcs are especially prominent in the Celtic cultures accomplishment to a coast of the Atlantic, from modern Spain to Ireland, and on both sides of the English Channel. But what is a Torc? What were they for? What are the finest examples of Celtic Torc’s in Ireland?. Torcs (sometimes spelt torques, from the Latin) were meant to be worn around the neck and wrist and have been found across Celtic Europe from Iberia to Bohemia. For the Iron Age Celts, the gold torc seems to have been a key object. French fused-buffer type with "muff", c. In Easter 2004 the missing pole was found during an archaeological fieldwalking survey, using metal detectors, arranged by the Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project. The sheer volume of work and the complex designs that evolved over 100’s of years of craft are spectacular to behold. Guest author Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. The torc was reserved for the nobility of Celtic societies who wore them in battle and during various rituals. As centuries progressed so did design, with torcs becoming more and more elaborate with relief design and emphasis on the carving of the terminals (end points of the torc). Nevertheless, that this item form of jewellery did have some meaning other than the value of its material is evident in such instances as the gift the Gauls gave the Roman emperor Augustus (r. [2] Torc styles of neck-ring are found as part of the jewellery styles of various other cultures and periods. Torcs are made by twisting metal strands together. Submit blog post East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. The terminals are not emphasized as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. [7] There are several flared gold torcs with a C-shaped section in the huge Mooghaun North Hoard of Late Bronze Age gold from 800 to 700 BC found in County Clare in Ireland. Guest contributor guidelines Perhaps the most famous examples can be seen in the Gundestrup Cauldron, a c. Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily decorated at the continuous front, with animal elements and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. 6 cm, British Museum, 1963,0407. Guest post guidelines Achaemenid torc from Persia, c. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. Contribute to our site The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. Depictions of gods and Celtic warriors in ancient art often show these figures wearing a torc around their necks. Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. It would have been viable to carry out much more subtle repairs, but perhaps they were supposed to be obvious? Being a member of a family with such a long history of wealth and power was probably a source of great pride, and the repairs might have emphasised the age of the object, and reminded people of the many stories engaged to it. Celtic warriors of higher status frequently wore jewellery of gold, bronze, or iron around their necks and wrists as a mark of their rank in society. It has been noted that the Iberian gold examples seem to be made at fixed weights that are multiples of the Phoenician shekel. We closed the doors of College House for the final time in 2011 but since then I have delighted in sharing our Irish and Celtic Jewelry with a global audience online. Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. The accompanying book is open from the British Museum shop online. This may present the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. The body of the Great Torc is self-contained of 64 strands which are twisted into eight ropes, each comprising eight strands. The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. Declared part of a value trove soon after its discovery, the torc was purchased by the British Museum with the support of the National Art Collections Fund. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. Owning and wearing a torc singled out the wearer as a person to be reckoned with, someone of very high status. And if it is a necklace you are after we have several pieces glorious by the collared design of torcs. Written by Peter Gavin on Oct 03, 2019 | 0 Comments. One of the torcs is a smaller bangle decorated with ornament in the style of Celtic art, and the other three are neck rings. I had a go at making a torc myself, closely based on this one:. As with other precious objects like Celtic bronze shields, torcs were given as votive offerings to gods. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. Combining Celtic interlace with a classic open Torc shape this substantial bracelet is a striking piece that is also perfect for engraving on the inside band. They are formed either with smooth, hollow, or twisted bands. Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was presented by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. One of the torcs is a smaller bangle decorated with ornament in the style of Celtic art, and the other three are neck rings. The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. Hallstatt culture gold torc or collar with fastening, c. Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic mythology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup cauldron. Looking for guest posts The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. Owning and wearing a torc singled out the wearer as a person to be reckoned with, someone of very high status. They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. Archaeologists have been able to determine how torcs were made because of certain discoveries of partly completed torcs, probably from the sites of workshops. Small torcs were sometimes worn by noble children, and they were nearly always passed down through generations. The loop terminals of the torc have designs in relief of bosses and scrolls, motifs typical of late Iron Age Britain. As curator of the Celts exhibition, I got to spend a lot of time showing people wonderful Iron Age treasures. Achaemenid torc from Persia, c. In some parts thick heavy torcs were common, whereas in others delicate, complex designs have been found. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, carry on a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, flexible ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived advantage for ribbon torcs, which continued for over 1,000 years". The artefacts in hoards are almost always from varying dates and times, making it hard to locate an exact timeframe. A Torc is a rigid neck or wrist artifact popular in the Bronze Age. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, carry on a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, flexible ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived advantage for ribbon torcs, which continued for over 1,000 years". However, despite the numerous depictions in art across Celtic Europe, the precise symbolic significance of torcs to the ancient Celts is not known. Forty-eight 2mm wires were twisted in pairs to form 24 wires. Torcs perhaps were thought to in some way protect the wearer just as animal totems were carried on shields and swords. The torc was buried deliberately, and as such is considered a hoarded object. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. Please allow 8 weeks for conveying. Read more from Julia Farley on the Celts here. Celtic torcs were made using metals such as gold, silver, copper, iron, and bronze. blessings to the rebel county crafts makers. The twisted band of this sterling silver bracelet is like a shot elysian by the craft of ancient Celtic Torcs. This Sterling Silver Celtic jewelry is designed in a similar way with a Celtic interlace collar with an elegant chain closure. A modern twist on an ancient design classic for a contemporary and covering look. Submit blog post You can see that one of the terminals of this torc has been pulled slightly forward compared to the other one. Guest post opportunities But we have so little evidence for what constituted ‘day-to-day wear’ in the Iron Age that it’s hard to be sure. The terminals mean bovine heads facing each other, with each animal wearing a torc of its own. East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. [3] A missing piece of the smallest torc was discovered by the original metal detectorists on 26 February 2017. And you can’t but be affected by pieces like this twisted early Bronze Age Gold ribbon torc with a hook and eye closure. This intricate and ornate Sterling Silver Celtic Braid torc is a firm favourite. This is a guest post by The historian Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus, writing in the 1st century BCE, recorded that a gold torc was dedicated to the goddess Minerva in Massilia by Catamandus, a Gaul prince. It seems fair to deduce that given their generality through time, the torc and especially golden torcs were very important to the Celts. Guest article Other Celtic torcs may use various ways of forming the hoop: plain or patterned round bars, two or more bars twisted together, thin round rods (or thick wire) wound round a core, or woven gold wire. The repaired torc pictured above was buried in a hoard with many other, much newer, ones. Guest post courtesy of Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. The Snettisham Great Torc was part of the Celtic Snettisham burial hoard found near the village of Snettsham in Norfolk, England. Guest post guidelines [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineate the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, conflict at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. Declared part of a value trove soon after its discovery, the torc was purchased by the British Museum with the support of the National Art Collections Fund. 200-50 BC, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, silver, iron, D 29.


Silver Torcs want to write for

This is a guest post by Of it he says, "it is most like to gold in weight, nature, and colour; it is in four pieces wrought round, joined together artificially, and clefted as it were in the middle, with a dog's head, the teeth vertical outward; it is esteemed by the inhabitants so powerful a relic, that no man dares swear falsely when it is laid before him. Become a guest blogger In ancient Celtic cultures, torcs were a common form of jewellery and were made from bronze, copper, silver, and gold. Contributor guidelines Campbell), was awarded the full market value of £3,300. Torcs can be heavy if you choose the heaviest weight. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. Contribute to our site As curator of the Celts exhibition, I got to spend a lot of time showing people wonderful Iron Age treasures. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. Suggest a post After this, Romans adopted the torc as a decoration for dignified soldiers and elite units during Republican times. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. However, the Celts seemed to be especially enamored with the torc, masterfully crafting thousands of pieces, and even representational process their gods and goddesses wearing them. Publish your guest post As with other precious objects like Celtic bronze shields, torcs were given as votive offerings to gods. This would have been a simple matter with the applied science available. With her was a chariot, six fibulae, seven bracelets, imported objects from ancient Italy and Greece, and two torcs among other bits and pieces. They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. Torcs are made by twisting metal strands together. org/article/1687/ancient-celtic-torcs/. The perfectly intact torc is conspicuous for its high level of craftsmanship and superb artistry. This piece of jewelry stormproof the neck during a sword fight while proving that they were someone of importance. Sponsored post: Indeed so much so that the design of many torcs would have made them difficult to take off, so they may have been worn quite continuously! No mean feat when you consider that many designs would have weighed several pounds. Real ancient torcs can be found in almost every historical museum in Ireland and the UK, and end-to-end dry land Europe. On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. Our piece of work has been reviewed for educational use by Common Sense Education, Internet Scout, Merlot II, OER Commons and School Library Journal. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales. Torcs can be heavy if you choose the heaviest weight. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. You can see that one of the terminals of this torc has been pulled slightly forward compared to the other one. Guest blogger Choose a torc that is neither too tight nor too heavy, and you should find that your torc is comfortable enough for everyday wear. The Belstead Brook torc was part of a hoard of five gold torcs found near Belstead Brook, Ipswich, England in 1968 CE. Submit content Northern Gallaeci torc (Artabri type with "pear" terminals) Galicia, showing construction, and decoration of the hoop. The Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres". Roman soldiers often wore miniature torcs on their chest armour, which had been given as a reward for valour. Choose a torc that is neither too tight nor too heavy, and you should find that your torc is comfortable enough for everyday wear. Would you like to change to a currency better suited to your location?. Guest poster wanted Made using a gold alloy (the other metals are silver and copper), it weighs a little over one kilo (2. Follow us on Facebook and Instagram, to see what's new and coming. Guest post The most decorative were belike worn for special occasions, and some of the simpler designs may have been for routine wear. Guest poster wanted Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. " A torc is simply a collar or necklace made from twisted metal. Their contributions, whether beautiful songs, swords and other weapons, or spectacular jewellery for the Celtic elite, was highly valued. As centuries progressed so did design, with torcs becoming more and more elaborate with relief design and emphasis on the carving of the terminals (end points of the torc). I’ve tried with replicas, and I tend to slip mine on from the back, so there are different ways of doing it. Our stunning solid silver wrist and neck torcs are hand crafted in the Western Isles of Scotland which has a rich Celtic practice stretching back two thousand years. Torcs (sometimes spelt torques, from the Latin) were meant to be worn around the neck and wrist and have been found across Celtic Europe from Iberia to Bohemia. Or just imagine being the person to happen across the Late Bronze age Mooghaun Gold Horde. Guest-post Thin torcs, often with animal head terminals, are found in the art of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, with some other elements derived from Scythian art. This may represent the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Some very in an elaborate way worked torcs with relief decoration in a late form of La Tène style have been found in Britain and Ireland, dating from roughly the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. Choose a torc that is neither too tight nor too heavy, and you should find that your torc is comfortable enough for everyday wear. Sponsored post: The Belstead Brook Torc is now on display in the British Museum. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. It’s a well known fact that Celtic warriors went to battle altogether naked except for a torc around their neck and whatever weapons they were carrying. So many different types of torcs have been unconcealed in various locations. Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Please click for important information about custom-order items. [2][3] The torc is similar to the Great Torc from Snettisham and also to the Ipswich torcs, all of which are also in the British Museum. The torc was alleged cherish trove during an inquest held at Sedgeford on 29 December 1966. The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. I’ve tried with replicas, and I tend to slip mine on from the back, so there are different ways of doing it. Submit guest article Please click for chief information about custom-order items. Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. In these two types the hoop itself normally has no extra decoration, though the large torc in the Irish Broighter Gold hoard is decorated all round the hoop, the only Irish example inlaid in this way. Guest author Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. This unisex torc features a unaltered Celtic design which looks perfectly stunning against neck. The British Museum Great Russell Street London WC1B 3DG United Kingdom. See our Irish Handmade Torc Jewelry including Torc Bracelets, Necklaces,Pendants, Cufflinks and Tiepins. One of the torcs is a smaller bangle decorated with ornament in the style of Celtic art, and the other three are neck rings. The terminals are hollow and were cast using moulds and welded to the ropes. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". Quintilian says that the Emperor Augustus was bestowed by Gauls with a gold torc weighing 100 Roman pounds (nearly 33 kilograms or 73 pounds),[10] far too heavy to wear. 8 cm, British Museum 1991,0407. […] Try National Museum of Ireland – Natural History, the National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology,  Chester Beatty Library, The Little Museum of Dublin, and […]. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. [9] The famous Roman copy of the original Greek sculpture The Dying Gaul depicts a wounded Gaulish warrior naked except for a torc, which is how Polybius delineated the gaesatae, Celtic warriors from modern northern Italy or the Alps, fighting at the Battle of Telamon in 225 BC, although other Celts there were clothed. Become guest writer Thin torcs, often with animal head terminals, are found in the art of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, with some other elements derived from Scythian art. Please contact us first to be sure someone will be here to help you. Steve Hammond about 400 metres from the findspot of the main body of the torc. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. The torc may have travelled as a diplomatic gift or been an object of interregional trade. Guest article In contrast, the gold torc from the 5th-century BCE Vix hoard in Burgundy, France, has spherical terminals and a small winged horse where the terminal and rope sections meet. He saw the torc stuck to the harrow and immediately knew what it was. Submit content There may be a connective with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborated gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. In memory of Melvin R Seiden Sheila M Streek Stephen and Julie Fitzgerald Fund for the Future donors. And for Irish history buffs, we have the History of Ireland Torc available in Sterling Silver and Gold. Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. For the Celts in particular, jewellery was a highly important symbol of a person’s status in society. Some torcs have been given extra shine using the mercury gilding technique which leaves a pure gold surface after the mercury has been evaporated under heat. I joined the family business in 1964 after studying watchmaking. This unisex torc features a unaltered Celtic design which looks perfectly stunning against neck. Sponsored post by [3] A missing piece of the smallest torc was discovered by the original metal detectorists on 26 February 2017. An additive torc was later discovered nearby. This post was written by Elaborate examples, sometimes hollow, used a variety of techniques but complex decoration was usually begun by casting and then worked by further techniques. The word comes from the Latin ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist’, as a lot of pieces are twisted in shape. Finally, another famous sculpture, the sandstone Mšecké Žehrovice head from the Czech Republic, which dates to around the 2nd century BCE, also wears a thick torc around the neck. A Torc (also spelled ‘torque’ or ‘torq’) is large ring made out of precious metal, usually open at one end and worn around the neck. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. Of it he says, "it is most like to gold in weight, nature, and colour; it is in four pieces wrought round, joined together artificially, and clefted as it were in the middle, with a dog's head, the teeth vertical outward; it is esteemed by the inhabitants so powerful a relic, that no man dares swear falsely when it is laid before him. But with the terminals at the back the bulls would have been hidden, and with the terminals at the front their heads would be upside down, not to mention how uncomfortable those horns would be, sticking into your collar bone…. This type of torc is put on and taken off by being bent out of shape. East Anglian looped torcs from the Snettisham Hoard. Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. Follow us on Facebook and Instagram, to see what's new and coming. However, the Celts seemed to be especially enamored with the torc, masterfully crafting thousands of pieces, and even representational process their gods and goddesses wearing them.


Sedgeford Torc submit article

The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. The two bars of the body are fluted. [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, belike dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). Submit a guest post Most Torc’s are open at one side, although a few designs had hook and ring closures or grab catches to close them. It's important to remember that torcs are crafted of rigid metal, so there isn't the usual "give" that you will find with traditional necklaces. They amass a great quantity of gold which is used for ornament not only by the women but also by the men. Several bands could be twisted around themselves or spiralled around a core of iron or even wood. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Choose a torc that is neither too tight nor too heavy, and you should find that your torc is comfortable enough for everyday wear. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. Many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been difficult to remove. Torcs are nearly always found in hoards with various other Celtic artefacts and jewellery, such as lunulae and brooches. I welcome lovers of Irish and Celtic Jewelry to visit us, either in person to our new Showroom in Dublin, or here on our website. They had no fixed plans as they surveyed the field, having started metal detecting as a hobby 18 months before (although Hambleton used to go metal-detecting with his father when he was young). It was the clearest possible sign of wealth and high rank. Guest blogger Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. The word "torc" originates from the Latin word "torquis," meaning "to twist. No thanks, I don't want to personalise this item. And there is no doubt that they were unbelievably valuable heirlooms. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. The torcs were likely deposited all together c. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. In the terminals of British torcs loops or rings are common, and the main hoop may be two or more round bars twisted together, or several strands each made up of twisted wire. 100 BC – AD 1, Gundestrup, Denmark, Silver, partially gilded, Diam. Achaemenid torc from Persia, c. [32] The terminals were often slightly flared plain round cylinders which were folded back to hook round each other to fasten the torc at the throat. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Become an author "[27] It is of course possible that this torc long pre-dated the reign of Prince Cynog and was a much earlier relic that had been recycled during the British Dark Ages to be used as a symbol of royal authority. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are flattened balls under lions' feet. [1][3] One of the latter has been broken into two pieces. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Suggest a post We appreciate that life these days may not accommodate a necklace that weighs several pounds and can’t be taken off so the designs are adapted to be more wearable and indeed affordable! This 9k gold Celtic necklace has a striking design that is inspired by the golden Celtic Collars of our ancestors. Contributor guidelines Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others believing there were two periods of production. Guest post: Some of my favourites were the big metal neck rings called torcs that were worn across much of Europe (and beyond) around 2000 years ago. Then three of these paired wires were twisted together in the opposite direction to make a rope (comprising six avant-garde wires). It was the clearest possible sign of wealth and high rank. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. [18] The most expatiate late Insular torcs are thick and often hollow, some with terminals forming a ring or loop. Master blacksmiths, metalworkers, musicians and other artists were given a special place in ancient Celtic society along with the Druids who were known as “men of art”. Two East Anglian looped torcs from the Ipswich Hoard. A collection of impressive Bronze Age and Iron Age torcs is held at the National Museum of Scotland. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and University of Missouri. Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. Guest article 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. Want to write a post Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. They are formed either with smooth, hollow, or twisted bands. Ornate Iron Age neck collar from Lochar Moss in Dumfrieshire, Scotland (British Museum)[34]. Submit an article This may represent the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. It seems fair to deduce that given their generality through time, the torc and especially golden torcs were very important to the Celts. Hi Bob, that’s a good question! The torc would have been put on and taken off by bending and exercising the piece. 208-125 BCE) noted that the Gauls who invaded Italy in 225 BCE wore gold necklaces and bracelets. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Differing ratios of silver in the gold of other objects—typically up to 15% in the Bronze Age but up to 20% in the Iron Age—can help decide the question. The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. There are mentions in medieval compilations of Irish mythology; for example in the Lebor Gabála Érenn (11th century) Elatha wore 5 golden torcs when meeting Eriu. But what is a Torc? What were they for? What are the finest examples of Celtic Torc’s in Ireland?. They were generally accompanied by smaller armlets and bracelets, not needfully co-ordinated. Torcs are also found in Thraco-Cimmerian art. Many can find the more traditionalistic Torc designs without helpful chain closures quite tricky to take on and off! And unlike the Celts, wearing a piece of jewelery continuously does not always fit with modern life! So if you want to wear one of our traditional torcs, and don’t want to damage it taking it on and off every time you fancy going for a swim or doing the dishes, we have you covered! Here is our short video on how to put on and take off a torc like a pro. Guest contributor guidelines The torc was nonheritable for the British Museum through the Duchy of Lancaster and with the assistance of the Christy Trust, and the finder, farmworker A. Submit guest article Archaeologists subsequently surveyed the site, but found no other items, declaring it a "complete find". This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. And you can’t but be affected by pieces like this twisted early Bronze Age Gold ribbon torc with a hook and eye closure. The result, when finished, was a closely twisted pinwheel-shaped torc. Celtic warriors of higher status frequently wore jewellery of gold, bronze, or iron around their necks and wrists as a mark of their rank in society. A much more spectacular haul was made in 191 BCE when a Roman army defeated a Celt army at Bologna and amassed a war booty of 1,500 gold torcs. As ancient jewelry goes, the Torc is probably both the most unusual and the most widespread piece you can find. Torcs were also thought to act as talismans, subject matter protection from evil forces, which explains why they were worn into battle. But we have so little evidence for what constituted ‘day-to-day wear’ in the Iron Age that it’s hard to be sure. Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. I’ve tried with replicas, and I tend to slip mine on from the back, so there are different ways of doing it. The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. Their contributions, whether beautiful songs, swords and other weapons, or spectacular jewellery for the Celtic elite, was highly valued. Become a contributor Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. Contributor guidelines [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard restrained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. The terminals mix embossed areas with chased 'basketwork', the craftworker using very fine tools to achieve this and to sharpen up the cast work and remove any imperfections. Although the wires are thick, it’s actually much easier to bend open than you’d think. For that reason there is a humorous amount of substance around about torcs, so here is a condensed version that includes thing you could possibly want to find out about this intriguing ancient fashion accessory. Celtic warriors of higher status frequently wore jewellery of gold, bronze, or iron around their necks and wrists as a mark of their rank in society. Submit your content Archaeologists subsequently surveyed the site, but found no other items, declaring it a "complete find". A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. 30 Fridays until 20. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". The Great Torc from Snettisham or Snettisham Great Torc is a large, Iron Age metal torc or neck-ring, the most spectacular object in the Snettisham Hoard of torcs and other formation found near the village of Snettisham in Norfolk, East Anglia. 350 BC, Susa, with ribbed hoop, animal head terminals, and stone inlays, from the Acropole Tomb. [5] The last torc was found by the same men, in the same field, several weeks later. Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. (Photo: (c) The National Museum of Denmark. Some torcs have been given extra shine using the mercury gilding technique which leaves a pure gold surface after the mercury has been evaporated under heat. [3] Flat-ended terminals are called "buffers", and in types like the "fused-buffer" shape, where what resemble two terminals are actually a single piece, the element is called a "muff". Guest posters wanted In these two types the hoop itself normally has no extra decoration, though the large torc in the Irish Broighter Gold hoard is decorated all round the hoop, the only Irish example inlaid in this way. Want to contribute to our website Whether you prefer a dramatic look or a daintier piece that is less distracting, a torc can be the perfect piece of jewelry for you!. Model chariot from the Oxus Treasure, with both figures wearing torcs. World History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Although the wires are thick, it’s actually much easier to bend open than you’d think. This is the result of it being repeatedly pulled open to be slipped on. As a result, many of these torcs have been found to show signs of damage from being bent out of shape. Another hint at a ritual burial is the fact that in some hoards where sixfold torcs have been found each wristband has been rib through another to form a chain. The Roman writer Cassius Dio (c. According to Julia Farley, curator of British and European Iron Age collections of the British Museum,[7] the torcs were "most likely" made in the area of what is now Germany or France,[1][3] most likely in the period 400–250 BCE (La Tène period). But what is a Torc? What were they for? What are the finest examples of Celtic Torc’s in Ireland?. With such an iconic and instantly recognisable shape and colourful history, the Celtic Torc is a perfect piece for those that love ancient Irish history and craft. Later Celtic torcs nearly all return to having a break at the throat and strong emphasis on the two terminals. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods).


Ancient Celtic Torcs want to write an article

A rarer type twists a single bar with an X profile. 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. 30 Fridays until 20. Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. There may be a shape with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborate gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. One of the things I was asked most often is, ‘But how did you put them on?!’ It’s a very good question, seeing as they often look like solid metal rings with nowhere near enough space to squeeze your neck through. Most Achaemenid torcs are thin single round bars with matching animal heads as the terminals, facing each other at the front. Guest post courtesy of Torcs are a type of Scythian, Illyrian, Thracian and Celtic jewellery, produced in the European Iron Age, from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. Heavy metal indeed! But there are torcs have been found that also would have been worn by children as well as high status men and women. Please click for chief information about custom-order items. Guest post guidelines This iconic 1970's design combines the classic Celtic shape with 12 symbols that span Irish history, including the time of the Celts. Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Torcs were worn by men, women, and probably children, too. Many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been nasty to remove. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The Niederzier hoard found near Düren in Germany (1st century BCE) has gold bracelets which appear to be torcs with prominent terminals but are complete rings. World History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. However, the Celts seemed to be especially enamored with the torc, masterfully crafting thousands of pieces, and even representational process their gods and goddesses wearing them. It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was observed in September 2009. Torcs are premeditated to hold their shape no matter how many times you widen the opening!. Discovered in marshy ground near Mooghaun lake in Co. Guest blogger guidelines Customer Service Hours Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Saturday: 11:00AM–2:00PM. However, this stunning piece has a gap in the front where you can widen it to slip around your neck easily. So many different types of torcs have been unconcealed in various locations. Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. The accompanying book is open from the British Museum shop online. Ireland holds the record for the most Torcs found in any country; thirty-one, to be precise. Please allow 6-16 weeks for throw. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Submit guest article [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was unconcealed in September 2009. Guest-blogger The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages. There may be a shape with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborate gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. The main part of the torc was found during harrowing of a field in 1965,[1] and the missing terminal was found by Dr. Guest posting The same thing happened to some torcs. Torcs were not just exquisite works of Celtic art but also known the wearer’s status and perhaps were believed to have ghostlike properties. Guest posts wanted From these kinds of evidence, I strongly suspect that torcs were put on and taken off quite regularly, rather than being intended to be worn for very long periods of time. And divine by the spectacular craft of the Celts, we have a range of torc bracelets made in precious Gold or Sterling Silver. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Paula’s customer service is second to none. [18] The most expatiate late Insular torcs are thick and often hollow, some with terminals forming a ring or loop. Become an author Some Early Celtic forms break from the normal style of torc by lacking a break at the throat, and instead are heavily gilt-edged at the continuous front, with animal weather condition and short rows of "balusters", rounded projections coming to a blunt point; these are seen both on the sculpted torc worn by the stone "Glauberg Warrior" and a gold torc (illustrated) found in the same oppidum. HE ABSOLUTELY LOVES HIS RING AND HAS GOTTEN COMPLIMENTED MANY MANY TIMES!! I WILL DEFINITELY BE BACK TO ORDER SOME OF THE OTHER BEAUTIFUL JEWELRY!! MY HUSBAND'S PARENTS ARE FROM IRELAND & WE LIVE(. [13] It is thought by some authors that the torc was mostly an ornament for women until the late 3rd century BC, when it became an attribute of warriors. In some parts thick heavy torcs were common, whereas in others delicate, complex designs have been found. Want to write a post Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. Most Achaemenid torcs are thin single round bars with matching animal heads as the terminals, facing each other at the front. Also known by the name torque or torq depending on where you are, they were a hugely popular form of Bronze age jewellery. The attending of coins with torcs might hint at the latter purpose but the sheer concept of gold in some hoards would suggest they were too valuable to be owned by a single person or family and so perhaps these were ritual hotspots which generations of people dedicated valuables to over many years. Guest-post This may represent the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. It was discovered by natural event by a farmer tilling his field in 1950 CE. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, carry on a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, flexible ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived advantage for ribbon torcs, which continued for over 1,000 years". Depictions of the gods and goddesses of Celtic social anthropology sometimes show them wearing or carrying torcs, as in images of the god Cernunnos wearing one torc around his neck, with torcs hanging from his antlers or held in his hand, as on the Gundestrup caldron. 1621 (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum) Right: Copper alloy torc. I made my version a few years ago, and have used it on a regular basis for teaching and outreach sessions, where it has been much manhandled, bent and stretched. See our Irish Handmade Torc Jewelry including Torc Bracelets, Necklaces,Pendants, Cufflinks and Tiepins. Publish your guest post It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. Collectively, these objects are known as the Snettisham burial hoard. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and University of Missouri. Lightweight torcs are barely noticeable and are simple for familiar wear. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others basic cognitive process there were two periods of production. Zweitasch; (c) Landesmuseum Wurttemberg, Stuttgart). Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. Real ancient torcs can be found in almost every historical museum in Ireland and the UK, and end-to-end dry land Europe. Learn how your comment data is processed. The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a rigid piece of syntactic category adornment made from twisted metal. Contributing writer 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double clay sculpture called scotiae. The torc was nonheritable for the British Museum through the Duchy of Lancaster and with the assistance of the Christy Trust, and the finder, farmworker A. Forty-eight 2mm wires were twisted in pairs to form 24 wires. [33] The pointed ball is also found in northern Italy, where the hoops often end by being turned back upon themselves so that the terminals face out to the sides, perhaps facultative closure by hooking round. Torcs were also thought to act as talismans, subject matter protection from evil forces, which explains why they were worn into battle. Many finds of torcs, especially in groups and in grouping with other valuables but not related with a burial, are clearly deliberate deposits whose routine is unclear. Submit post [32] The terminals were often slightly flared plain round cylinders which were folded back to hook round each other to fasten the torc at the throat. [10] One of the earliest known depictions of a torc can be found on the Warrior of Hirschlanden (6th century BC), and a high proportion of the few Celtic statues of human figures, mostly male, show them wearing torcs. Guest post by The torcs were likely deposited all together c. The word comes from the Latin ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist’, as a lot of pieces are twisted in shape. Contribute to our site [3] A missing piece of the smallest torc was discovered by the original metal detectorists on 26 February 2017. [1][3] One of the latter has been broken into two pieces. In addition, the horned figure identified as Cernunnos on the 1st-century CE Gallo-Roman Nautae Parisiaci monument has a torc hanging from each of his horns. Sponsored post by Click for important information. As a result, many of these torcs have been found to show signs of damage from being bent out of shape. Irish and Celtic Jewellry is in my family. 150 torcs found in the lands of the Iberian Celts of Galicia favoured terminals ending in balls coming to a point or small buffer ("pears"), or a shape with a double ornament called scotiae. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Publish your guest post Torcs are nearly always found in hoards with various other Celtic artefacts and jewellery, such as lunulae and brooches. Even the heaviest of torcs are comfortable to wear, but the weight is up to personal preference. The torc may have travelled as a diplomatic gift or been an object of interregional trade. Lochar Moss TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Sponsored post: The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. The Great Torc weighs just over a kilogram and is mostly made of gold alloyed with a small part of silver. The two bars of the body are fluted. [17] After the early period, torcs are peculiarly prominent in the Celtic cultures reaching to a coast of the Atlantic, from modern Spain to Ireland, and on both sides of the English Channel. The Greek historian Polybius (c. Articles wanted Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. This unique find is of worldwide importance. Submit post In some parts thick heavy torcs were common, whereas in others delicate, complex designs have been found. The sheer volume of work and the complex designs that evolved over 100’s of years of craft are spectacular to behold. Join our Email list for early offers and special features. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. The torcs were found by accident by construction workers. But the elegant chain closure makes this piece endlessly more wearable without loosing any impact. For that reason there is a humorous amount of substance around about torcs, so here is a condensed version that includes thing you could possibly want to find out about this intriguing ancient fashion accessory. Contribute to our site But with the terminals at the back the bulls would have been hidden, and with the terminals at the front their heads would be upside down, not to mention how uncomfortable those horns would be, sticking into your collar bone…. Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. Torcs were such high value items that at least a few pieces seem to have been made as offerings to Celtic Gods. Because he always wore it, he received the nickname Torquatus (the one who wears a torc),[23] and it was adopted by his family. Suggest a post They are most often made of gold or bronze, but torcs of silver, copper and other metals have been found too. Write for us [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, belike dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). This type of torc is put on and taken off by being bent out of shape. Northern Gallaeci torc (Artabri type with "pear" terminals) Galicia, showing construction, and decoration of the hoop. Torcs are also found in Thraco-Cimmerian art. Gallic Gold Torque,[35] Musée d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux. Unusually this torc was coiled, a practice more common in Britain where the torc was coiled before being buried with its owner in a type of ‘decommissioning’ ritual. If you have questions, we have answers. The Vix torc has two very finely made winged horses standing on fancy platforms projecting sideways just before the terminals, which are two-dimensional balls under lions' feet. The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages. Then three of these paired wires were twisted together in the opposite direction to make a rope (comprising six avant-garde wires). For the Iron Age Celts, the gold torc seems to have been a key object.


Everything you ever wanted to know about Torcs become a contributor

They were generally accompanied by smaller armlets and bracelets, not needfully co-ordinated. Torcs were effectively Celtic Status Symbols. [10] One of the earliest known depictions of a torc can be found on the Warrior of Hirschlanden (6th century BC), and a high proportion of the few Celtic statues of human figures, mostly male, show them wearing torcs. But what is a Torc? What were they for? What are the finest examples of Celtic Torc’s in Ireland?. I welcome lovers of Irish and Celtic Jewelry to visit us, either in person to our new Showroom in Dublin, or here on our website. Although it may have started out as little more than an ornament, over time the torc became attributed to great warriors. Piecing together how these objects came to be carefully buried in a Staffordshire field will give us an priceless insight into life in Iron Age Britain. The two bars of the body are fluted. Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. They are most often made of gold or bronze, but torcs of silver, copper and other metals have been found too. I had a go at making a torc myself, closely based on this one:. I’ve tried with replicas, and I tend to slip mine on from the back, so there are different ways of doing it. Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. From these kinds of evidence, I strongly suspect that torcs were put on and taken off quite regularly, rather than being intended to be worn for very long periods of time. Achaemenid torc from Persia, c. Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. It is finished beautifully with ornate buffers or cuffs that incorperate Celtic interlace and ancient triskele symbols. 30 Fridays until 20. Guest posts Of course, too, the two ideas may run together: deposits were made for both ritual purposes and as a means of safekeeping these objects, saved as they were by the sacredness of the site. Still, people are occasionally ‘hitting the jackpot’ – just five years ago an amateur art hunter in County Fermanagh dug up a 3,000 year old torc that is now on display in the Ulster museum. Submit guest post In ancient Celtic cultures, torcs were a common form of jewellery and were made from bronze, copper, silver, and gold. The major part of the torc was found on 6 May 1965 in a field at West Hall Farm in Sedgeford, Norfolk by Dr Bernard G. Of it he says, "it is most like to gold in weight, nature, and colour; it is in four pieces wrought round, joined together artificially, and clefted as it were in the middle, with a dog's head, the teeth vertical outward; it is esteemed by the inhabitants so powerful a relic, that no man dares swear falsely when it is laid before him. A modern twist on an ancient design classic for a contemporary and covering look. The Roman writer Cassius Dio (c. Please contact us first to be sure someone will be here to help you. This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. Guest posters wanted Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed separately. If anything, then, this object, like many others, illustrates the interconnected nature of Celtic Europe as ideas in art and techniques in crafts spread from one end of the continent to the other. On the Continent, there are other types of torc, which sometimes have clever hidden clasps, hinges, or obliterable sections such as these ones:. Smaller bracelets and armlets worn around the wrist or on the upper arm sometimes share very similar forms. The main part of the torc was found during harrowing of a field in 1965,[1] and the missing terminal was found by Dr. The torc is now displayed at the British Museum. Or just imagine being the person to happen across the Late Bronze age Mooghaun Gold Horde. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. It identifies the wearer as a person of high rank, and many of the finest works of ancient Celtic art are torcs. Guest post courtesy of Many people are interested in kilts, and all things Celtic, but are unsure of the history of this famous garment. It was, then, either made as a votive offering or once adorned a statue. The metal is just getting to the point where it is too stiff to allow this, and so I plan to anneal it soon to soften it up (I don’t fancy breakage my own!) So the process of wear-hardening (especially on softer metals like gold and silver) probably took quite a long time. Guest blogger guidelines Thanks! We haven’t been called Rebel county craft makers before, we love it 🙂. They had no fixed plans as they surveyed the field, having started metal detecting as a hobby 18 months before (although Hambleton used to go metal-detecting with his father when he was young). In 361 BCE, one Roman general, Titus Manlius, was even given the appellation Torquatus after he defeated and killed a warrior chief from Gaul in single combat and then took his torc as a victory prize. Bar torcs are more commonly found in South Leinster while ribbon torcs have popped up in Ulster and North Connaught. Model chariot from the Oxus Treasure, with both figures wearing torcs. Guest posting 229/235 CE) describes Boudicca (d. The repaired torc pictured above was buried in a hoard with many other, much newer, ones. Torcs were valuable heirlooms and passed down with pride. 2 lbs) and was meant to be worn around the neck. 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. Write for us The torc was reserved for the nobility of Celtic societies who wore them in battle and during various rituals. [5] The end was found by retired alchemy lecturer Dr. As centuries progressed so did design, with torcs becoming more and more elaborate with relief design and emphasis on the carving of the terminals (end points of the torc). 2 lbs) in gold, they were certainly a handy and sometimes highly decorative form of portable wealth. The National Museum of Ireland in Dublin has a sparkling collection along with various other magnificent Celtic jewellery pieces. Celtic golden torque found in Marche in a gaulish necropolis, National Archaeological Museum, Ancona. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. The sheer volume of work and the complex designs that evolved over 100’s of years of craft are spectacular to behold. Guest posts A torc from the 1st century BC Winchester Hoard, is broadly in Celtic style but uses the Roman technique of laced gold wire, suggesting it may have been a "diplomatic gift" from a Roman to a British tribal king. Although it may have started out as little more than an ornament, over time the torc became attributed to great warriors. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Still, people are occasionally ‘hitting the jackpot’ – just five years ago an amateur art hunter in County Fermanagh dug up a 3,000 year old torc that is now on display in the Ulster museum. 3 in) in diameter and weighs 867 grammes (1. And the Celts in Ireland seem to be especially prolific, with Ireland holding the record for the most torcs discovered to date. Another possible depiction of Cernunnos, this time in the form of a 1st-century BCE bronze figure found in Bouray near Paris, has him wearing a torc around his neck. Guest post: org/article/1687/ancient-celtic-torcs/. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others basic cognitive process there were two periods of production. The Celtic torc disappears in the Migration Period, but during the Viking Age torc-style metal necklaces, now mainly in silver, came back into fashion. However it was used, the torc was obviously a powerful symbol. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a large rigid or stiff neck ring in metal, made either as a single piece or from strands twisted together. The figure also holds a torc in his right hand. One thing which is more certain is that torcs are surprisingly rare in male burials and more common in the tombs of women and girls, where they are most often made of bronze. Written by Peter Gavin on Oct 03, 2019 | 0 Comments. 2 lbs) in gold, they were certainly a handy and sometimes highly decorative form of portable wealth. Roman soldiers often wore miniature torcs on their chest armour, which had been given as a reward for valour. Submitting a guest post They might have been symbols of status to be brandished aloft, rather than worn around the neck, just like the way that the antlered god on this plaque from the Gundestrup cauldron hefts a torc into the air, terminals upright. It had been buried with a watch bracelet and coin, which helped to date the torc to around 75 BC. The Vix Grave was the burial place of a noble woman that had somehow never been looted. Guest posting rules Join a growing vocation of people oecumenical who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. Accepting guest posts [10] One of the earliest known depictions of a torc can be found on the Warrior of Hirschlanden (6th century BC), and a high proportionality of the few Celtic statues of human figures, mostly male, show them wearing torcs. [10][4] In December 2017, following a £325,000 fundraising campaign, the torcs went on ineradicable display at the museum. The Roman Titus Manlius in 361 BC challenged a Gaul to single combat, killed him, and then took his torc. Forty-eight 2mm wires were twisted in pairs to form 24 wires. Contribute to our site According to Julia Farley, curator of British and European Iron Age collections of the British Museum,[7] the torcs were "most likely" made in the area of what is now Germany or France,[1][3] most likely in the period 400–250 BCE (La Tène period). Writers wanted The word "torc" originates from the Latin word "torquis," meaning "to twist. Guest-post 200-50 BC, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, silver, iron, D 29. […] Try National Museum of Ireland – Natural History, the National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology,  Chester Beatty Library, The Little Museum of Dublin, and […]. Guest posters wanted Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). Both of these mostly used plain round bars or thin rods wound round a core. [20] The Stirling Hoard, a rare find in Scotland of four gold torcs, two of them twisted ribbons, dating from the 3rd to 1st century BC, was unconcealed in September 2009. Or just imagine being the person to happen across the Late Bronze age Mooghaun Gold Horde. They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. 5 in) in diameter and weighs 6. According to Julia Farley, curator of British and European Iron Age collections of the British Museum,[7] the torcs were "most likely" made in the area of what is now Germany or France,[1][3] most likely in the period 400–250 BCE (La Tène period). Want to write for [1][2] The jewellery and one of the neck rings are made with twisted gold wire, and the other neck rings have finials shaped like trumpets. Torcs (sometimes spelt torques, from the Latin) were meant to be worn around the neck and wrist and have been found across Celtic Europe from Iberia to Bohemia. We take production for many of our cautiously crafted pieces from these ancient designs. An this "twisted" Torc Bangle is no less impressive. One side may be raised from being repeatedly pulled open. Torcs are found in the Tolstaya burial and the Karagodeuashk kurgan (Kuban area), both dating to the 4th century BC. There are several types of rigid gold and sometimes bronze necklaces and collars of the later European Bronze Age, from around 1200 BC, many of which are classed as "torcs". I joined the family business in 1964 after studying watchmaking. I welcome lovers of Irish and Celtic Jewelry to visit us, either in person to our new Showroom in Dublin, or here on our website. Guest posting guidelines With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. 208-125 BCE) noted that the Gauls who invaded Italy in 225 BCE wore gold necklaces and bracelets. Become guest writer It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. Torcs are also found in Thraco-Cimmerian art. 400–250 BC, which are the oldest gold torcs found in Great Britain. Torcs were not just exquisite works of Celtic art but also known the wearer’s status and perhaps were believed to have ghostlike properties.


The History of The Celtic Torc guest blogger guidelines

Guest post opportunities The most famous and elaborate example of a Celtic torc, or any torc for that matter, was found in The Broighter Hoard in 1896 on a farm near Lough Foyle in County Derry. Measure your neck and allow for some movement when choosing the size. Bell shaped torc terminal from A Guarda, Galicia. I wonder if being the proud owner of a ‘vintage’ torc (old enough to be in need of royal poinciana repairs) might have been something to be proud of. The Great Torc from Snettisham or Snettisham Great Torc is a large, Iron Age metal torc or neck-ring, the most spectacular object in the Snettisham Hoard of torcs and other formation found near the village of Snettisham in Norfolk, East Anglia. In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off. Looking for guest posts Collectively, these objects are known as the Snettisham burial hoard. With such an iconic and instantly recognisable shape and colourful history, the Celtic Torc is a perfect piece for those that love ancient Irish history and craft. Address 8451 Xerxes Ave N Brooklyn Park, MN 55444. This Sterling Silver Celtic jewelry is designed in a similar way with a Celtic interlace collar with an elegant chain closure. Large silver torc from the Cordoba Treasure in the British Museum. With her was a chariot, six fibulae, seven bracelets, imported objects from ancient Italy and Greece, and two torcs among other bits and pieces. Contributing writer Gerald encountered and described this relic first-hand while travelling through Wales in 1188. A torc, also spelled torq or torque, is a rigid piece of syntactic category adornment made from twisted metal. See our Irish Handmade Torc Jewelry including Torc Bracelets, Necklaces,Pendants, Cufflinks and Tiepins. Many surviving torcs have been found in shallow pits, most likely put there for a ritual purpose as a votive content or simply for safekeeping, and, with some weighing over a kilo (2. One of the things I was asked most often is, ‘But how did you put them on?!’ It’s a very good question, seeing as they often look like solid metal rings with nowhere near enough space to squeeze your neck through. [2][3] The torc is similar to the Great Torc from Snettisham and also to the Ipswich torcs, all of which are also in the British Museum. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Sometimes the openings were decorated with animal shapes like rabbits, cats, boars, or bears. And the Celts in Ireland seem to be especially prolific, with Ireland holding the record for the most torcs discovered to date. Submit article The torc was made in two ways: complex threads of metal were grouped into ropes and twisted around each other to create the crescent shaped necklace; the ends of the torc were cast in moulds with La Tène designs and welded onto the metal ropes to create the whole composition. For the Celts in particular, jewellery was a highly important symbol of a person’s status in society. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. Guest poster wanted Finally, Diodorus Siculus of Sicily, writing in the 1st century BCE, noted of Celtic warriors:. Like other elite Celtic pieces in the "orientalizing" style, the decoration shows Greek tempt but not a classical style, and the piece may have been made by Greeks in the Celtic taste, or a "Graeco-Etruscan workshop", or by Celts with foreign activity. Guest column 1621 (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum) Right: Copper alloy torc. If anything, then, this object, like many others, illustrates the interconnected nature of Celtic Europe as ideas in art and techniques in crafts spread from one end of the continent to the other. Steve Hammond about 400 metres from the findspot of the main body of the torc. I made my version a few years ago, and have used it on a regular basis for teaching and outreach sessions, where it has been much manhandled, bent and stretched. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. 6 cm, British Museum, 1963,0407. Celts wore torcs to demonstrate that they were free-born. Very common across all societies was the twisted ribbon torc, a thin strip of gold twisted into a spiral shape. Guest posting guidelines Lighter torcs are made with smaller gauges of metal twisted together, while heavier torcs are made of larger gauge strands of metal. Examples from Spain and Portugal sometimes have a very thin band and heavy terminals shaped like an hourglass. In these two types the hoop itself unremarkably has no extra decoration, though the large torc in the Irish Broighter Gold hoard is champleve all round the hoop, the only Irish example spangly in this way. Still, people are occasionally ‘hitting the jackpot’ – just five years ago an amateur art hunter in County Fermanagh dug up a 3,000 year old torc that is now on display in the Ulster museum. Become a guest blogger Please allow 6-16 weeks for delivery. A much more spectacular haul was made in 191 BCE when a Roman army defeated a Celt army at Bologna and amassed a war booty of 1,500 gold torcs. The word comes from the Latin ‘torquis’, meaning ‘to twist’, as a lot of pieces are twisted in shape. We take production for many of our cautiously crafted pieces from these ancient designs. And this high regard also fits with the elevated status which artists enjoyed in ancient Celtic society. Torcs were made from single or multiple tangled metal rods, or "ropes" of twisted wire. (Photo: (c) The National Museum of Denmark. One of the things I was asked most often is, ‘But how did you put them on?!’ It’s a very good question, seeing as they often look like solid metal rings with nowhere near enough space to squeeze your neck through. Contribute to our site Finally, Diodorus Siculus of Sicily, writing in the 1st century BCE, noted of Celtic warriors:. The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week:. As curator of the Celts exhibition, I got to spend a lot of time showing people wonderful Iron Age treasures. Archaeologists find dating many torcs difficult, with some believing torcs were retained for periods of centuries as heirlooms, and others basic cognitive process there were two periods of production. [2] Torc styles of neck-ring are found as part of the jewellery styles of various other cultures and periods. We use it as a source of inspiration in many of our pieces of handmade here at Claddagh Jewelry. I’ve included lots of photos I took at the National Museum of Ireland so you can see just a small selection of the torcs found in Ireland. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and University of Missouri. They were generally accompanied by smaller armlets and bracelets, not needfully co-ordinated. Torcs are made specifically for your neck measurement and aren't the sort of necklaces you can slip over your head. The loop terminals of the torc have designs in relief of bosses and scrolls, motifs typical of late Iron Age Britain. Submitting a guest post As a result of the coroner's finding, the items were offered for sale to museums at a price set by an independent board of antiquities experts known as the Treasure Valuation Committee, with the finders and landowners sharing the money paid by the museum that buys them. Of course, too, the two ideas may run together: deposits were made for both ritual purposes and as a means of safekeeping these objects, saved as they were by the sacredness of the site. The torcs were likely deposited all together c. Join a growing community of people worldwide who enjoy Irish culture, design and craft. AD 50 – 150, Dorset, UK, Leaded brass, red enamel, Diam. This would have been a simple matter with the applied science available. Many people are interested in kilts, and all things Celtic, but are unsure of the history of this famous garment. Model chariot from the Oxus Treasure, with both figures wearing torcs. The great majority are open at the front, although some had hook and ring closures and a few had mortice and tenon locking catches to close them. More elaborate designs were made by casting the metal first and then using a variety of more widely distributed techniques. The idea of a hinge was taken up in later British neck-rings found in south-western Britain. Torcs (sometimes spelt torques, from the Latin) were meant to be worn around the neck and wrist and have been found across Celtic Europe from Iberia to Bohemia. Smaller torcs worn around the wrist are called bracelets instead. [5] The Milton Keynes Hoard restrained two large examples of thicker rounded forms, as also used for bracelets. Please click for important information about custom-order items. World History Encyclopedia, 18 Feb 2021. [3] It has since been reunited with the rest of the Sedgeford Torc at the British Museum. Smaller bracelets and armlets worn around the wrist or on the upper arm sometimes share very similar forms. [14] However, there is evidence for male wear in the early period; in a rich double burial of the Hallstatt period at Hochmichele, the man wears an iron torc and the female a necklace with beads. Guest posting Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Guest posting rules I’ve included lots of photos I took at the National Museum of Ireland so you can see just a small selection of the torcs found in Ireland. The gold content of the four torcs has been measured using x-ray fluorescence to be between 74-78% (roughly same to 17-18 carat), with 18-22% silver, some copper, and traces of iron, mercury and tin – a mix consistent with other Iron Age gold finds in Europe. In all cases the metal remained comparatively flexible so that it could be pulled slightly wider to be taken off. It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. Guest posters wanted Snettisham Great TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. The two terminals are highly decorative. Like other elite Celtic pieces in the "orientalizing" style, the decoration shows Greek influence but not a classical style, and the piece may have been made by Greeks in the Celtic taste, or a "Graeco-Etruscan workshop", or by Celts with foreign preparation. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, continue a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, negotiable ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived preference for ribbon torcs, which continuing for over 1,000 years". A collection of impressive Bronze Age and Iron Age torcs is held at the National Museum of Scotland. This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. Accepting guest posts And you can’t but be affected by pieces like this twisted early Bronze Age Gold ribbon torc with a hook and eye closure. They are often depicted in Celtic art being held or worn by deities, and they also pop up in several ancient Irish stories. A few Roman torcs have been discovered. Submit content I’ve included lots of photos I took at the National Museum of Ireland so you can see just a small selection of the torcs found in Ireland. But there are also ancient examples of Torcs in other metals like Silver or Bronze. Guest-blogger Of it he says, "it is most like to gold in weight, nature, and colour; it is in four pieces wrought round, joined together artificially, and clefted as it were in the middle, with a dog's head, the teeth vertical outward; it is esteemed by the inhabitants so powerful a relic, that no man dares swear falsely when it is laid before him. Writers wanted Piecing together how these objects came to be carefully buried in a Staffordshire field will give us an priceless insight into life in Iron Age Britain. Guest post by Smaller torcs worn around the wrist are called bracelets instead. Archaeologists subsequently surveyed the site, but found no other items, declaring it a "complete find". Torcs were clearly valuable, and often found broken in pieces, so being a store of value may have been an important part of their use. The Ipswich Hoard includes unsmooth torcs that give clear attest of the stages of work. [5] The end was found by retired alchemy lecturer Dr. Submit blog post They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. As ancient jewelry goes, the Torc is probably both the most unusual and the most widespread piece you can find. " A torc is simply a collar or necklace made from twisted metal. Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. But the elegant chain closure makes this piece endlessly more wearable without loosing any impact. Many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been difficult to remove. They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. A very late example of a torc used as ceremonial item in early Medieval Wales can be found in the writings of Gerald of Wales.


Great Torc from Snettisham guest post

Guest article [6] The terminal was also asserted possession trove and purchased for the British Museum with assistance from The Art Fund. On a visit to the National Museum of Ireland, you are sure to be struck by Ireland’s fantastic history of metalwork. The twisted ribbon type, here from the Stirling Hoard, is found in both Bronze and Iron Ages. Copper, bronze, gold, and silver are used to make both light and heavy-weight neck torcs. Rather than an unfortunate accident, breakage could have been part of the natural lifecycle of a torc. Write for us Indeed the Broighter Collar is one of the finest pieces of surviving Celtic metalworking anywhere in the world today. [15] A heavy torc in silver over an iron core with bull's head terminals, weighing over 6 kilos, from Trichtingen, Germany, probably dates to the 2nd century BC (illustrated). After this, Romans adopted the torc as a decoration for dignified soldiers and elite units during Republican times. The majority of torcs are open at the front and designed to be worn permanently, although some have been discovered with clasps and other closing mechanisms. Guest posting [32] The terminals were often slightly flared plain round cylinders which were folded back to hook round each other to fasten the torc at the throat. Smaller bracelets and armlets worn around the wrist or on the upper arm sometimes share very similar forms. Other possible functions that have been proposed for torcs include use as rattles in rituals or otherwise, as some have stones or metal pieces inside them, and representations of figures thought to be deities carrying torcs in their hand may depict this. Guest post policy The Roman writer Cassius Dio (c. This post was written by (Photo: (c) The Trustees of the British Museum). With her was a chariot, six fibulae, seven bracelets, imported objects from ancient Italy and Greece, and two torcs among other bits and pieces. For the Celts in particular, jewellery was a highly important symbol of a person’s status in society. But with the terminals at the back the bulls would have been hidden, and with the terminals at the front their heads would be upside down, not to mention how uncomfortable those horns would be, sticking into your collar bone…. For the Celts in particular, jewellery was a highly important symbol of a person’s status in society. But what is a Torc? What were they for? What are the finest examples of Celtic Torc’s in Ireland?. Other examples twist a bar with a square or X section, or just use round wire, with both types in the three 12th– or 11th-century BC specimens found at Tiers Cross, Pembrokeshire, Wales. But there are also ancient examples of Torcs in other metals like Silver or Bronze. He saw the torc stuck to the harrow and immediately knew what it was. Gold torcs were generally thought to be associated with royalty while bronze or copper torcs were used by slightly less noble members of society. You can send us a note or give us a call—the Dublin workshop is here to make sure that you have a perfect experience from start to finish with My Irish Jeweler. The "buffer" form of terminal was the most popular in finds from modern France and Germany, with some "fused buffer" types opening at the rear or sides. This may represent the deity as the source of power and riches, as the torc was a sign of nobility and high social status. Most Achaemenid torcs are thin single round bars with matching animal heads as the terminals, facing each other at the front. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. It is not clear whether the Gallo-Roman "Warrior of Vacheres", a artistic production of a soldier in Roman military dress, wears a torc as part of his Roman uniform or as a reflection of his Celtic noise. © 2017 Trustees of the British Museum. It is thought to have been buried in about 75 BC. In 361 BCE, one Roman general, Titus Manlius, was even given the appellation Torquatus after he defeated and killed a warrior chief from Gaul in single combat and then took his torc as a victory prize. But the most performance of all has to be the Broighter Collar, a later Iron Age piece. The most famous and elaborate example of a Celtic torc, or any torc for that matter, was found in The Broighter Hoard in 1896 on a farm near Lough Foyle in County Derry. Torcs are found in the Scythian, Illyrian,[1] Thracian, Celtic, and other cultures of the European Iron Age from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD. They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. Discovered in marshy ground near Mooghaun lake in Co. The Leekfrith torcs are four Iron Age gold torcs found by two hobby metal detectorists in December 2016 in a field in Leekfrith, north Staffordshire, England. Some are too heavy to wear for long, and may have been made to place on cult statues. They are mostly twisted in various conformations, including the "twisted ribbon" type, where a thin strip of gold is twisted into a spiral. [7] There are several flared gold torcs with a C-shaped section in the huge Mooghaun North Hoard of Late Bronze Age gold from 800 to 700 BC found in County Clare in Ireland. Click for important information. The British Museum Great Russell Street London WC1B 3DG United Kingdom. It dates to around 400–250 BCE and is probably the soonest Iron Age gold work ever discovered in Britain. Submit guest post Smaller bracelets and armlets worn around the wrist or on the upper arm sometimes share very similar forms. One King of Tara, Dermot MacCerrbheoil, dreamt that angels took his torc from his neck and gave it to a stranger, who turned out to be St. Very few of these remain but they may well have been in wood and not survived. Most of those that have been found are made from gold or bronze, less often silver, iron or other metals (gold, bronze and silver survive better than other metals when buried for long periods). Except in British looped terminals, the terminals of Iron Age torcs are usually formed one by one. Become a guest blogger [2] They also found no bear witness of a settlement or grave on the site. org/article/1687/ancient-celtic-torcs/. The terminals are not stressed as in typical Iron Age torcs, though many can be closed by hooking the simple terminals together. Guest blogger Torc, 2nd Iron Age, Castro Culture, Iberian Peninsula, National Archaeology Museum, Portugal. Rather than an unfortunate accident, breakage could have been part of the natural lifecycle of a torc. This is curious, because there was an easy way to avoid the problem. But with the terminals at the back the bulls would have been hidden, and with the terminals at the front their heads would be upside down, not to mention how uncomfortable those horns would be, sticking into your collar bone…. Guest post guidelines I joined the family business in 1964 after studying watchmaking. Guest column The Trichtingen silver torc with bull heads, perhaps 2nd century BC. Many seem designed for near-permanent wear and would have been difficult to remove. The Celtic torc disappears in the Migration Period, but during the Viking Age torc-style metal necklaces, now mainly in silver, came back into fashion. Torcs were such high value items that at least a few pieces seem to have been made as offerings to Celtic Gods. They were not, however, unique to Celtic cultures despite their strong association with this form of jewellery. The National Museum of Denmark. Sponsored post Since they were worn by societies throughout Ancient Europe from around the 8th century BC to the 3rd century AD, many different styles, shapes and materials came and went. Two farmers hit something hard with their plough and discovered the hoard, which contained a model boat, two torcs, two necklaces, a bowl and the piece de resistance, an intricately decorated buffer torc. Please click for important information about custom-order items. With bracelets, torcs are "the most important category of Celtic gold", though armlets and anklets were also worn; in contrast finger-rings were less common among the early Celts. Given the large amount of precious metals found at the site, in arithmetic operation to the hi-tech design of luxurious jewellery such as this, it has been conjectured that the area around Snettisham may have been connected with royalty from the Iceni tribe, that was based in this part of England at the time. The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. (Photo: (c) The National Museum of Denmark. Submit guest post It was, then, either made as a votive offering or once adorned a statue. The break is covered with a thin sheet of gold foil, but X-radiography of the torc shows that all the wires have snapped! Torcs were quite fragile objects, and they were frequently broken and then repaired in this way. However, this stunning piece has a gap in the front where you can widen it to slip around your neck easily. Finally, in Roman Britain in the 1st and 2nd century CE a new form of torc was created which had a flat bar and a line of multiple beads at the terminals. Would you like to change to a currency better suited to your location?. The same thing happened to some torcs. Write for us But there are some torcs which I don’t think could be opened up, such as this one from Trichtingen in Germany, which also appeared in the Celts exhibition:. Many other Iron Age hoards have since been found in the vicinity, but the Great Torc is thoughtful by archaeologists to be the most decisive find from Snettisham. Spiral ribbon torcs, usually with minimal terminals, carry on a Bronze Age type and are found in the Stirling Hoard from Scotland, and elsewhere:[31] "Although over 110 identifiable British [includes Ireland] ribbon torcs are known, the dating of these simple, flexible ornaments is elusive", perhaps indicating "a long-lived advantage for ribbon torcs, which continued for over 1,000 years". The majority of torcs are open at the front and designed to be worn permanently, although some have been discovered with clasps and other closing mechanisms. Zweitasch; (c) Landesmuseum Wurttemberg, Stuttgart). Become a contributor Snettisham Great TorcThe British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). Torcs were such high value items that at least a few pieces seem to have been made as offerings to Celtic Gods. Finally, Diodorus Siculus of Sicily, writing in the 1st century BCE, noted of Celtic warriors:. 230-220 BCE and was commissioned by Attalos of Pergamon (r. Enter personalized text in the box below. The torc is now displayed at the British Museum. [12] The earliest Celtic torcs are mostly found buried with women, for example, the gold torc from the La Tène period chariot burial of a princess, found in the Waldalgesheim chariot burial in Germany, and others found in female graves at Vix in France (illustrated) and Reinheim. Typically, neck-rings that open at the front when worn are called "torcs" and those that open at the back "collars". There may be a shape with an older tradition in the British Isles of elaborate gold neckwear in the form of gold lunulas, which seem centred on Ireland in the Bronze Age, and later flat or curved wide collars; gold twisted ribbon torcs are found from both periods, but also imported styles such as the fused-buffer. 492 AD) and was known as Saint Kynauc's Collar. Contribute to this site This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Lightweight torcs are barely noticeable and are simple for familiar wear. After this, Romans adopted the torc as a artifact for distinguished soldiers and elite units during Republican times. The artefacts in hoards are almost always from varying dates and times, making it hard to locate an exact timeframe. Northern Gallaeci torc (Artabri type with "pear" terminals) Galicia, showing construction, and decoration of the hoop. Submit a guest post We appreciate that life these days may not accommodate a necklace that weighs several pounds and can’t be taken off so the designs are adapted to be more wearable and indeed affordable! This 9k gold Celtic necklace has a striking design that is inspired by the golden Celtic Collars of our ancestors. The four Leekfrith torcs, dating from c. They may have been ritual deposits or hidden for safekeeping in times of warfare. [5] H M Senior Coroner for Stoke-on-Trent and North Staffordshire, Ian Smith,[9] described the find as "not quite in the same league as the Staffordshire Hoard, but nevertheless exhilarating. And for Irish history buffs, we have the History of Ireland Torc available in Sterling Silver and Gold. This is the result of it being repeatedly pulled open to be slipped on. Many other Iron Age hoards have since been found in the vicinity, but the Great Torc is thoughtful by archaeologists to be the most decisive find from Snettisham. Copper, bronze, gold, and silver are used to make both light and heavy-weight neck torcs. Sponsored post by Still, people are occasionally ‘hitting the jackpot’ – just five years ago an amateur art hunter in County Fermanagh dug up a 3,000 year old torc that is now on display in the Ulster museum. Guest post by Although this is one of the most famous examples, the form is typical: open at the front, with a flexible neck-ring made of coiled or twisted wires. Please click for important information about custom-order items. Guest-post [2] Torc styles of neck-ring are found as part of the adornment styles of various other cultures and periods. As ancient jewelry goes, the Torc is probably both the most unusual and the most widespread piece you can find. It is considered so similar to the Newark Torc, found in Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire, that it might have been made by the same craftsman. Please allow 8 weeks for conveying. Gold Celtic torc found in Vix, France, 480 BC; see text. Decoration of the terminals in the finest examples is complex but all sum-up. Click for important information. As a result, many of these torcs have been found to show signs of damage from being bent out of shape. But there are also ancient examples of Torcs in other metals like Silver or Bronze. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. [5] H M Senior Coroner for Stoke-on-Trent and North Staffordshire, Ian Smith,[9] described the find as "not quite in the same league as the Staffordshire Hoard, but nevertheless exhilarating. AD 50 – 150, Dorset, UK, Leaded brass, red enamel, Diam. The Sedgeford Torc is a broken Iron Age gold torc found near the village of Sedgeford in Norfolk. Heavy metal indeed! But there are torcs have been found that also would have been worn by children as well as high status men and women. "[27] It is of course possible action that this torc long pre-dated the reign of Prince Cynog and was a much earlier relic that had been recycled during the British Dark Ages to be used as a symbol of royal authority. Or just imagine being the person to happen across the Late Bronze age Mooghaun Gold Horde. Guest article Join our Email list for early offers and special features. The Vix Grave was the burial place of a noble woman that had somehow never been looted.