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How to plan and lay a deck guest poster wanted

We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Apply it over the waterproof membrane. Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. You can lay decking at different heights and levels, depending on the shape and surface of your garden. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Hand tighten the screws into the wall plugs before using a drill and driver bit to secure them. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark. If you are attaching a fascia board, allow for an overhang and screw through the third groove in from the outside edge of the deck board. Submit article Deep cuts (the timber is thicker than the cutting depth of the mitre saw): Use a panel saw if only making a few cuts, or a circular saw if making lots of cuts. Before you begin, ensure you plan your deck cautiously – ideally the boards plus treatment gaps (usually 5mm) should finish completely flush with the outer facings of the framework. Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. Then, measure from the far end of the deck to the chalk line and cut a deck board to length. An on-grade deck—one built just above the ground—doesn't require posts, steps, or railings. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Decking with a curved edge can help to create a softer finish to your garden design and looks great with bark, gravel or grass against the curved edge. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. Sponsored post: If you want to minimise the appearance of joists through the spaces between your deck boards, paint the top of them black. When joining lengths of internal joist (which will be hidden by the deck boards), use two 600mm sections of joist off-cut sandwiched either side of the join for a stronger fix. (This adhesive actually fastens the decking in place. Use two decking screws where each board meets a joist. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. An unsupported solid composite deck board overhang should not exceed 13mm. Guest poster wanted Alternatively, go for deck tiles instead of deck boards for a diametrical design. Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link several levels of the deck. Choose what surface your decking is going to be laid on. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. Guest post: Select a drill bit for your drill driver that's thinner than the deck screw's shank and drill pilot holes into the pencil marks - being careful to drill through the deck board and not into the joist. Guest posts wanted Split a concrete block in two using a brick bolster. Create a appropriately sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Guest blogger Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Assemble footing and pier forms reported to the manufacturer's instructions, then position one in each hole. As well as being safe, they add a decorative touch, so are not solely for raised decking, but for ground-level decking too. Drill pilot holes using an 6mm wood drill bit. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite command to the inner joists. This could work especially well on a decking split over two levels. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Once all the noggings are in place, do any final levelling and check that all joists are suspended at 500mm intervals. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Pot plants are the easiest way to incorporate plants into your deck design, but a border around the edge of your decking is a great way to frame it with your contender shrubs and plants. You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same direction for a uniform shade of green. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposition post and cut sections of joist to length. If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Guest contributor guidelines Why not try integration both raised and ground level decking into your design to create divergent platforms? This is a really eye-catching way to lay decking. Blog for us If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. Sponsored post Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the banister. Measure and mark the deck board at the desired length. You must Register or Login to post a comment. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. Guest post guidelines The fasteners create the required 6mm discourse gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. Split a concrete block in two using a brick bolster. If laying straight onto the ground, jump to Step 3b. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm drill bit. And check that all gaps created are the same for a clad finish. You can also countersink the fixing points to achieve a smoother finish. Support the joists with additional legs, spaced at 1m intervals. Hold the board flush with the top of the step stringer and predrill your holes. Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses into each of the eight marks. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. Use at least two screws per joist for each decking board. Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the deck's front rim joist. Pre-drill pilot holes at a 45 degree angle from below the deck surface through the outer joist. The diameter of the saw's blade determines how wide and thick the cutting material can be. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Scarf any joints in the run; miter joints at the corners. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. Merge navy and white for a shipping design or black and grey to get a present-day and stylish look. Become guest writer Start by deciding how far to space your deck posts (they shouldn't be any more than 1. Secure with 64mm decking screws. Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Contribute to this site You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). Secure it with eight coach bolts sunk from the outside of the frame. Repeat with the other side joist, removing mason's strings as necessary. Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. The deck shown here features a pressure-treated floor frame that’s supported by a ledger board and concrete piers, and topped with 5/4-inch decking. ) Lay a heterosexual deck board in the adhesive so its long edge overhangs the trim board by 1 inch. If no hard garden exists there already, reflect laying an area of concrete or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the doubled side rim joists and beams. Guest author Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). Start by measuring the distance between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Submit an article Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. Secure each end of the deck board with an 8d finish nail. Tighten the screws of the fasteners in the first row. If your decking is going to be longer than the decking joists, you will need to join two sections together. Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. Guest column We recommend adding concrete pads as they're not only great for stabilising your deck; they'll ensure your decking lasts longer. You can choose between railing kits, or you can design your own with balustrade screens and posts. When cutting solid composite boards, we recommend a 254 to 305mm saw blade with 40 teeth or less for the best results. To work out how many internal joists are needed, measure 400mm from the centre of the external joists and draw a mark. Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. Become an author To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Choose complemental colours like greys and whites or mix it up with a bold colour different with natural wood. Assemble footing and pier forms reported to the manufacturer's instructions, then position one in each hole.


How to Build a Simple Deck submit post

Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. A stress free, visceral experience. Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. Now just follow Tom’s tips and build your own backyard oasis. Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. If you are building a fixed deck that joins onto a house then you will need to attach a wall plate. Then, place a concrete block into the hole, but do not install the posts at this stage. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. (This adhesive actually fastens the decking in place. Write for us You can also countersink the fixing points to achieve a smoother finish. Guest posting guidelines On a small deck, three joists is sufficient (one in the middle and the others at the centre-point between the edge of the frame and the centre joist). To raise the frame, cut four blocks of tanalised timber to the desired height. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm feature grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. Looking for guest posts Select a drill bit for your drill driver that's thinner than the deck screw's shank and drill pilot holes into the pencil marks - being careful to drill through the deck board and not into the joist. Screw the decking screws into the pilot holes. Split a concrete block in two using a brick bolster. Become guest writer If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an extra joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Notched posts are peculiarly profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Guest blogger guidelines This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an thing beginning. Our LED decking lights come in either blue or white and look great set into decking steps or between decking levels. Measure your deck frame and cut to size. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Guest posting guidelines Squeeze a bead of polyurethane marine sealant on the top edge of a side rim joist. Check the positioning of the piers and adjust if necessary. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. This isn't possible for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of expansion gap. We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an attractive culmination touch. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Add gravel and smooth as you go. When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the needed level, then secure it to the other corner post. Guest posts wanted To avoid having to skew screws, it’s best to stagger the noggings; bear this in mind when readying where they will be positioned. Repeat the process to secure two coach screws through the outer frame into each end of all the inner joists. The spacing of your inner joists is mutualist on your chosen decking design. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. A basic open stair is all that’s necessary on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Work out where exactly the pads are required and dig holes roughly 150mm square and 150mm deep at intervals of 1. The spacing of your inner joists is mutualist on your chosen decking design. Guest post by Repeat with the other side rim joist. Guest post policy Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. For advice on cleaning, painting and caring for your decking, check out our useful guide, How to clean, paint & care for your decking. Guest posting guidelines Nail paint-grade trim boards as wide as the rim joists to their outside faces with two 8d hot-dipped galvanized or stainless finish nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. Submit article Rest the joist's opposite end on a corner pier. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. If your decking has an obstacle, such as a drain, add extra noggings around it for additional support. Become a contributor Remove the building's trim and siding to 1 foot above the top of where the ledger will sit. Want to write a post If building your own steps, we suggest:. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. The fasteners create the required 6mm discourse gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. Submit article Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. Do not fully tighten at this stage. Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Guest post If necessary, drill a pilot hole to prevent rending. Adding lighting to your decking means that you can enjoy the area long after the sun goes down. Learn more: Decking for your project. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. ) Lay a heterosexual deck board in the adhesive so its long edge overhangs the trim board by 1 inch. Accepting guest posts Read on to kickstart your inspiration for your decking project. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Drill pilot holes through the step assembly and the sub-frame joist. Guest column For the rest of the boards, always screw into the second groove from each side and fix to the frame with 64mm decking screws. Potential laying patterns for decking include: horizontal, diagonal, chevron (zig-zag like parquet flooring) and picture frame (boards in a distinct orientation to frame the decking) deck boards. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. Contribute to this site Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist. Submit an article Potential laying patterns for decking include: horizontal, diagonal, chevron (zig-zag like parquet flooring) and picture frame (boards in a distinct orientation to frame the decking) deck boards. The following instructions show you how to put together a sub-frame. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. Drill pilot holes using an 6mm wood drill bit. Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. If you are adding a fascia then you will need to countersink the screws. Blog for us There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Merge navy and white for a shipping design or black and grey to get a present-day and stylish look. Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. Use an edger to cut into the lawn for a straight cut, and then use a spade to remove the turf. And when it comes to finding your favourite decking to match the look you’re after, our decking buying guide will help. Blog for us Using the lines you drew as a guide, pre drill guide holes into the second groove in from each side. We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an attractive culmination touch. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Screw the step assembly securely to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a befittingly sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. On larger decks, set joists at 400mm centres. Guest posting guidelines When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Mark each location, then temporarily remove the mason's strings. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. To join the frame, mark and drill pilot holes before fixing two external grade 150mm timber drive screws into each corner. Sponsored post: For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Blog for us Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Use enough washers to ensure a 10mm gap between the wall and the wall plate. Guest posting rules Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. When installation the last board, there are two options. This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in building a raised timber deck. Read on to kickstart your inspiration for your decking project.


How to Build a Simple Deck contribute to our site

If you want to minimise the appearance of joists through the spaces between your deck boards, paint the top of them black. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. This is a guest post by Learn more: Decking for your project. The following list of tools and materials includes everything you will need to lay a basic, ground-level deck. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line downwards. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. There's no need to sand or treat solid complex deck boards. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Drill a 3⅜-inch pilot hole through the ledger and into the house's rim joist at each spacer, succeeding a zigzag pattern. Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. It also tends to be a quicker and more cheap option than finance in hardstanding patio materials, such as flagstones of block paving. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Then, fit and toenail the joists through the hangers. Measure the width of the step from the outer edge and cut a piece of deck board to length. Some items are needed for multiple stages in the process, but are only listed once, so be sure to check the steps for further detail. Accepting guest posts The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. Build a planter from decking by succeeding the steps in our video below. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. Railings or balustrade are a must-have on raised decking to make sure it is safe to use. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. Repeat this at the opposite end of the board, as this will ensure the board remains straight, and then work down the board, fixing the screws into each joist below. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. Become a guest blogger Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. These will act as extra support for your steps and can be staggered into business and secured like the previous noggings in the frame. Put the fascia into office and place small offcuts of wood or packers underneath the fascia to level it. For advice on cleaning, painting and caring for your decking, check out our useful guide, How to clean, paint & care for your decking. Tom Silva uses these rules fo thumb: for rim joists or beams made of doubled-up 2x lumber, the boards' nominal width (in inches) should match the span (in feet). Position the first baluster, checking it's straight with a spirit level. Guest posts Drill a 3⅜-inch pilot hole through the ledger and into the house's rim joist at each spacer, succeeding a zigzag pattern. Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Become a guest blogger Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. The deck shown here features a pressure-treated floor frame that’s supported by a ledger board and concrete piers, and topped with 5/4-inch decking. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. Writers wanted On the line, mark guide holes at 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the frame. To join the frame, mark and drill pilot holes before fixing two external grade 150mm timber drive screws into each corner. Be sure to use a sharp hole that will leave a clean hole. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers on the ends of the front rim joist's inner 2xs. Write for us Clamp the deck board, face side up, in a workbench and slowly cut along the line. To raise the frame, cut four blocks of tanalised timber to the desired height. A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonic the wood. Fragrant roses growing up trellis or obelisks can be particularly effective for this. This Old House general declarer Tom Silva's method for constructing a bounteous on-grade deck. Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists. If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Articles wanted Before you start laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project. Then position the corner post on the contiguous side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. Contribute to our site If the deck boards on the end row overhang the joist frame, consider accelerando or reduction the expansion gaps of timber deck boards by the recommended amount. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm drill bit. (By code, any step down to the finish decking, which sits atop the ledger, must be 4 to 7¾ inches below the door sill. Want to write a post And because the deck is only a one step high, no railing was required. If you plan to lay decking that's raised, next to a building or wall, or would like to add a balustrade, head over to our article on laying a raised deck for more assemblage. To work out how many internal joists are needed, measure 400mm from the centre of the external joists and draw a mark. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. This step-by-step guide is supplied politeness of TradesSupermarket. Support the joists with additional legs, spaced at 1m intervals. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. Guest posts wanted Secure each end of the deck board with an 8d finish nail. Screw the decking screws into the pilot holes. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Fitting solid complex decking doesn't require any specialist tools – you can use the same as if you were fitting a timber deck - the fixings just require a contrary technique. Each start clip should be centred on each outer and inner joist. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. Check the positioning of the piers and adjust if necessary. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses into each of the eight marks. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm outer grade screws. An existing patio or objective base can be used as a solid foundation for your deck. For advice on cleaning, painting and caring for your decking, check out our useful guide, How to clean, paint & care for your decking. Support the joists with additional legs, spaced at 1m intervals. Start by deciding how far to space your deck posts (they shouldn't be any more than 1. Next, clamp a length of bannister into move with its grooved edge facing down. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. When installation the last board, there are two options. Stagger the deck board joins across the deck for greater strength, and arrange them in a regular pattern for an fetching finish. Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your balusters and deck posts so they're even. With the first board in place, slide the hidden fastener into the grooved edge of the deck board. Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. To work out how many internal joists are needed, measure 400mm from the centre of the external joists and draw a mark. Guest post Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is perfectly straight and well secured. Install 2x joist hangers along the beams, 16 inches on center.


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Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposition post and cut sections of joist to length. Then, measure and mark pilot hole guides 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. With the first row in place, you can now start the second row - remembering to include the under consideration expansion gap between the boards. Create a appropriately sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the needed level, then secure it to the other corner post. Measure the interval between the end of the angled board and the ground, when doing this remove 5mm as you don’t want the board to be touching the ground at any point. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. Complement the decking by edging it with paving, giving it a contemporary look. Then, move your joists into position. Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to woodwork. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. There's no need to sand or treat solid complex deck boards. It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers on the ends of the front rim joist's inner 2xs. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as possible and covering all of the area under the deck. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers on the ends of the front rim joist's inner 2xs. Want to write an article Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. Or go bold by slotting it between your deck boards for a truly tailored design (pictured). Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Suggest a post Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. Guest poster wanted With the first board in place, slide the hidden fastener into the grooved edge of the deck board. Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is supernatant by a suitable block or slab. And check that all gaps created are the same for a clad finish. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Fit and nail each beam as represented above. Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. Writers wanted If building your own steps, we suggest:. Position any end to end joins between the deck boards halfway across an inner joist so that both boards can be screwed into the joist for extra stability. Guest-post Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. Secure the board and create a clear chalk line. Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. On a small deck, three joists is sufficient (one in the middle and the others at the centre-point between the edge of the frame and the centre joist). Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an attractive culmination touch. When drilling large or deep holes into solid composite decking, sporadically lift the drill bit out of each hole and remove the shavings with a gentle blow. Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. On larger decks, set joists at 400mm centres. Guest article The board should be positioned flush with the frame. Place a section of block into each of the holes, making sure they are firmly in place. Prepare a level, weed-free area for the deck. Guest post: For interior joists, Tom halves the span then adds two—a joist spanning 8 feet warrants a 2x6. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Check your inbox for a welcome email. You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). Guest-post If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Submit article Clamp the deck board, face side up, in a workbench and slowly cut along the line. For a two-tone look try fine arts the deck boards a different colour to the railings or balustrades around it. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Cut the deck boards to this length. Squeeze a bead of polyurethane marine sealant on the top edge of a side rim joist. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Guest posting rules Block off the area around the tree by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists, secured either end with two coach screws. There's no need to sand or treat solid complex deck boards. Lay out the joist frame and position the deck boards on top, creating the necessary deck board expansion gaps. Submitting a guest post Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by positioning crosswise and vertical deck tiles (pictured). Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. Find the centre point between posts and hammer a timber batten into place. Guest-post Apply it over the waterproof membrane. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Looking for guest posts Line up the adjoining outer joists and drill a pilot hole through the centre of the recess, from the outer joist into the neighboring outer joist. Submit blog post Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. Guest post policy If you have gaps that need filling, start by measuring the gaps and marking the needful size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm expansion gap on either side. Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Contributor guidelines Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is perfectly straight and well secured. Decking can be a great acquisition in a garden that kids enjoy. Guest post by If you've always dreamed of building your own deck, but were hesitant to tackle such a large, complicated expression project, we've got some good news. Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. Mark pilot holes 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the outer frame, and drill using a 6mm drill bit. Repeat with the other side rim joist. Both timber and solid composite deck boards are cut in the same way. Articles wanted And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Sponsored post Install 2x joist hangers along the beams, 16 inches on center. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. When thinking about the shape and size of your deck, plan it around the planting design you want to have in that area. If you build a tall enough frame, you can even use the space underneath your decking as additional garden storage. You must Register or Login to post a comment. Decking with a curved edge can help to create a softer finish to your garden design and looks great with bark, gravel or grass against the curved edge. Guest author Like timber decking, solid complex boards require expansion gaps. Tighten the screws of the fasteners in the first row. Assemble footing and pier forms reported to the manufacturer's instructions, then position one in each hole. 2m apart) and fix the first notched post to the sub-frame with coach screws. Contribute to this site Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. Position any end to end joins between the deck boards halfway across an inner joist so that both boards can be screwed into the joist for extra stability. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. Want to write an article A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonic the wood. When joining lengths of internal joist (which will be hidden by the deck boards), use two 600mm sections of joist off-cut sandwiched either side of the join for a stronger fix. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Apply a protective treatment to any cut or recessed timber - be it deck boards, joists or posts - before grouping. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Guest post Why not try integration both raised and ground level decking into your design to create divergent platforms? This is a really eye-catching way to lay decking. Contributor guidelines To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a befittingly sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as possible and covering all of the area under the deck. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm feature grade screws and the supplied socket bit. When installation the last board, there are two options.


How to Build a Deck guest blogger

Fit and nail each beam as represented above. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Become a contributor Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an thing beginning. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. It's key that the concrete pads are positioned in the exact places and that they're all square for the deck joists. The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. Sponsored post by A basic open stair is all that’s necessary on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Guest post courtesy of Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. And because the deck is only a one step high, no railing was required. This will ensure the board is firmly secured to the decking frame. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. When thinking about the shape and size of your deck, plan it around the planting design you want to have in that area. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Sponsored post: Set up batter boards and mason's strings and determine footing locations at the deck's outside corners and at 8-foot intervals along the front rim joist. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. Guest contributor guidelines Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. Blog for us Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. The ledger is made from a single board of the same width. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position. Guest posting rules Whether you just want to relax in the sun, hold guests or you need an personable feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. The diameter of the saw's blade determines how wide and thick the cutting material can be. For more on this, head to the 'Which decking design?' section of our planning article. Make two pencil marks on each end of the deck frame's two outer joists - these are at right angles to the inner joists. Submit guest post Start by marking a stand-up line that ultimately the end of the wall plate will be placed against. Remove the thinned sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its structural integrity. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. For more on caring for your timber decking, check out our how to guide. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Screw these to the inside fo the frame at each corner, ensuring they’re flush with the top. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. If your decking has an obstacle, such as a drain, add extra noggings around it for additional support. Use two decking screws where each board meets a joist. When installation the last board, there are two options. Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. This will help you visualise the site. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an extra joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. And for any budding artists, why not try creating unique painted decking with a bespoke design? Get creative and paint a pattern or picture on your decking – you can be sure no-one else will have the same look. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. Measure the interval between the end of the angled board and the ground, when doing this remove 5mm as you don’t want the board to be touching the ground at any point. An extra pair of hands, or packers, may be required to hold the joist in place whilst you do this. Mark the fascia board with a line at 50mm from each end. A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. Guest post by Use a trowel to create a slope in the postcrete so that rainwater runs away from the post on all sides. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm drill bit. Blog for us This is applicable to all timber, including Walksure and Grassedeck boards. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. Drill a 3⅜-inch pilot hole through the ledger and into the house's rim joist at each spacer, succeeding a zigzag pattern. Secure the board and create a clear chalk line. Use a combination square to mark an right line across the deck board. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. Follow manufacturer's instructions for setting time. Make sure the post is statant before continuing. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Accepting guest posts Then, measure from the far end of the deck to the chalk line and cut a deck board to length. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. Guest posts Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Contribute to this site Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more stability and a neat finish if you fancy. If you have to secure the joist onto an unexposed side of the frame, drill two skewed pilot holes on each side before securing with screws. You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). Submit a guest post Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. Solid composite deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist. Hand tighten the screws into the wall plugs before using a drill and driver bit to secure them. Guest posters wanted If the joist is less than 50mm, widen the joist with an off-cut joist and fix the hidden fasteners to the joists as shown. Apply it over the waterproof membrane. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. To work out how many internal joists are needed, measure 400mm from the centre of the external joists and draw a mark. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Submitting a guest post Then, clamp the sections into place, drill the pilot holes and secure with two 100mm screws at each end. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. We recommend adding concrete pads as they're not only great for stabilising your deck; they'll ensure your decking lasts longer. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step stringer and into the joist. Once smoothened down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in building a raised timber deck. Let us guide you through the stages providing a comprehensive guide to success; answering your questions every step of the way. Sponsored post by Place a post base atop a pier, position it so it will not interfere with joist hangers, and mark its location. If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same direction for a uniform shade of green. Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is perfectly straight and well secured. Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Remove post base and bore into pier with a hammer drill volumed with a masonry bit. Guest posts wanted Whether you go for atmospheric garden string lights draped around the edges, cosy lanterns, or built-in decking lights, ignition is a great way to brighten up your decking. Want to write a post Fill with concrete, using a shovel to work out air pockets (above). Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposition post and cut sections of joist to length. Now just follow Tom’s tips and build your own backyard oasis. Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain protector. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Guest posts wanted If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Use enough washers to ensure a 10mm gap between the wall and the wall plate. When the concrete has set off (is completely dry), cover the whole area with weed control fabric (making cut-outs for the concrete pads) and a layer of gravel (40 to 50mm in depth). Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Also check that the corners are square using a set square. (In all cases, round up odd numbers or fractions to the next even number. If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Guest post guidelines Secure it with eight coach bolts sunk from the outside of the frame.


How to plan and lay a deck submit a guest post

Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. Submit guest article If you plan to lay decking that's raised, next to a building or wall, or would like to add a balustrade, head over to our article on laying a raised deck for more assemblage. Cover the exposed sheathing with self-adhering tight membrane. An extra pair of hands, or packers, may be required to hold the joist in place whilst you do this. Guest post policy If planning around a step or a sill check the design fits by taking an offcut of deck board, holding it up to the lowest part of the sill and marking a small line beneath it. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in building a raised timber deck. For help on this, head to the 'How to square a site' section of our How to build a raised deck article for more advice. Be open minded when it comes to the shape of your decking and design it to best fit your space. Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. Guest posts TIP: If the joist has a crown—a slight arc along its edge—install it crown-side up. Remove the thinned sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its structural integrity. Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts parallel with the angle of the steps. Articles wanted Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and English-Gothic architecture to the joists. These marks are where the coach screws will go. Mark on the fascia where the far end of your angled board will be and measure along to your line on the top fascia. You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). Guest blogger These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the needed level, then secure it to the other corner post. Also check that the corners are square using a set square. Guest post guidelines Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more stability and a neat finish if you fancy. When joining lengths of internal joist (which will be hidden by the deck boards), use two 600mm sections of joist off-cut sandwiched either side of the join for a stronger fix. Drill pilot holes through the step assembly and the sub-frame joist. Guest post: Fit a side rim joist into a front hanger, and square the corner. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. We propose the following products based on the scale of your project. With the pilot holes drilled, it's now time to fit the coach screws. Your central joists should run in the same guidance that your deck boards will be. If your deck will be sitting on grass or soil, you’ll need to place blocks or slabs underneath edge leg to spread the load and provide a level, stable base. Guest post- Building a simple timber deck is a within reason aboveboard DIY job. If the joist is less than 50mm, widen the joist with an off-cut joist and fix the hidden fasteners to the joists as shown. Want to contribute to our website Screw the step assembly securely to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. The grooved side edges of solid composite boards accommodate a hidden fastening system, which allows for a smooth finish across the deck floor. Choose complemental colours like greys and whites or mix it up with a bold colour different with natural wood. Guest blogger guidelines Place a post base atop a pier, position it so it will not interfere with joist hangers, and mark its location. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. Cut a 2-inch-wide, 1½-inch-thick treated wood spacer for every 2 feet of ledger length. Put the cut deck board into position in line with the chalk line. Guest post policy Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Lay and nail the next deck board as before. Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist. So a rim joist spanning 10 feet requires two 2x10s. Fit a side rim joist into a joist hanger at one end of the ledger, square the corner, and toenail through the hanger into the ledger with 16d nails. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. If laying straight onto the ground, jump to Step 3b. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. Start by marking a stand-up line that ultimately the end of the wall plate will be placed against. Guest article Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Check your inbox for a welcome email. Now just follow Tom’s tips and build your own backyard oasis. When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Guest article Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. Submit post Follow our step-by-step guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use leftover boards. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as possible and covering all of the area under the deck. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm drill bit. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. Sponsored post by Both timber and solid composite deck boards are cut in the same way. Repeat this process at 600mm intervals down the length of the wall plate. Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. Repeat this process at 600mm intervals down the length of the wall plate. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. Hold each step stringer in position and mark the edges onto the frame. This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in building a raised timber deck. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. Sponsored post by Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your balusters and deck posts so they're even. Use a straightedge (a deck board is perfect for this) with a spirit level on top to check that the whole area is level, and level out any slight unevenness in the ground. When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Fill with concrete, using a shovel to work out air pockets (above). There are lots of ways you can use this versatile horticulture option in your garden. Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. With the first board in place, slide the hidden fastener into the grooved edge of the deck board. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm drill bit. Merge navy and white for a shipping design or black and grey to get a present-day and stylish look. Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same direction for a uniform shade of green. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite command to the inner joists. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Nail paint-grade trim boards as wide as the rim joists to their outside faces with two 8d hot-dipped galvanized or stainless finish nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. Screw the decking screws into the pilot holes. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Repeat with the other side rim joist. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. (Joints between ledger boards should fall on a spacer. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Suggest a post Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. This step-by-step guide is supplied politeness of TradesSupermarket. Repeat this process at 600mm intervals down the length of the wall plate. We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an attractive culmination touch. Fitting solid complex decking doesn't require any specialist tools – you can use the same as if you were fitting a timber deck - the fixings just require a contrary technique. Prepare a level, weed-free area for the deck. Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. Build a planter from decking by succeeding the steps in our video below. Submit an article Decking with a curved edge can help to create a softer finish to your garden design and looks great with bark, gravel or grass against the curved edge. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. For help on this, head to the 'How to square a site' section of our How to build a raised deck article for more advice. Merge navy and white for a shipping design or black and grey to get a present-day and stylish look. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. 2m apart) and fix the first notched post to the sub-frame with coach screws.


Decking ideas become a contributor

Cover the ground with landscaping fabric and add gravel. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Use an edger to cut into the lawn for a straight cut, and then use a spade to remove the turf. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Guest article Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. Nail paint-grade trim boards as wide as the rim joists to their outside faces with two 8d hot-dipped galvanized or stainless finish nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. There are two options when building on soft ground:. This is a guest post by If you have gaps that need filling, start by measuring the gaps and marking the needful size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm expansion gap on either side. Suggest a post Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Want to write a post Building a simple timber deck is a within reason aboveboard DIY job. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. Position the last board into fasteners, overhanging the outer joist. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Check that the posts are vertical as you go. Position the saw on a sturdy, flat surface (such as a workbench) and clamp it into place. If laying straight onto the ground, jump to Step 3b. Submit a guest post To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Position the assembled steps against the sub-frame of the deck and in the centre of the step support pad. Prepare a level, weed-free area for the deck. Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the banister. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. Pre-drill pilot holes at a 45 degree angle from below the deck surface through the outer joist. On the line, mark guide holes at 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the frame. Guest posts Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. All you need to be winning at DIY deck building are some basic carpentry tools and the desire to invest a little sweat equity. Suggest a post You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Stagger the deck board joins across the deck for greater strength, and arrange them in a regular pattern for an fetching finish. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. Sponsored post by Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by positioning crosswise and vertical deck tiles (pictured). Fold the metal lengthwise to form a right angle. Guest post by Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. Position chairs and a table on the higher level, then set a sandpit into the lower platform so you can sit and relax in a sand-free area whilst keeping a watchful eye over your little ones. Check your inbox for a welcome email. When marking out where to position noggings, bear in mind that they can't be spaced more than 1200mm apart and that it's easiest to stagger them to avoid having to skew screws when securing them. Guest post- For more on this, head to the 'Which decking design?' section of our planning article. Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is perfectly straight and well secured. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Mark the exact location of the top of the ledger. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Articles wanted Use a trowel to create a slope in the postcrete so that rainwater runs away from the post on all sides. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. This will mark the corner of the decking. Repeat the process to secure two coach screws through the outer frame into each end of all the inner joists. Solid composite deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Decking can be a great acquisition in a garden that kids enjoy. Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. Start by measuring the distance between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Place a post base atop a pier, position it so it will not interfere with joist hangers, and mark its location. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Submit a guest post Repeat with the other side rim joist. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Then, measure from the far end of the deck to the chalk line and cut a deck board to length. Position the first baluster, checking it's straight with a spirit level. (Joints between ledger boards should fall on a spacer. Our LED decking lights come in either blue or white and look great set into decking steps or between decking levels. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. So, whatsoever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. Submit guest post Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Complement the decking by edging it with paving, giving it a contemporary look. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. Continue the process until you finish your raised timber deck. Add gravel and smooth as you go. Then, fit and toenail the joists through the hangers. You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an interesting effect. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. An on-grade deck—one built just above the ground—doesn't require posts, steps, or railings. Submit guest post Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Submit a guest post Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers at both ends of the ledger and flush with its bottom edge, using joist hanger nails. Submit post Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Submit guest article Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Whether you go for atmospheric garden string lights draped around the edges, cosy lanterns, or built-in decking lights, ignition is a great way to brighten up your decking. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as possible and covering all of the area under the deck. Check your inbox for a welcome email. Guest blogger Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Contributor guidelines If no hard garden exists there already, reflect laying an area of concrete or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Our complex decking is in stock in fascinating colours including deep red, brown and grey so that you can choose one that works with your garden design. If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. It's key that the concrete pads are positioned in the exact places and that they're all square for the deck joists. Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. Each start clip should be centred on each outer and inner joist. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. As well as being safe, they add a decorative touch, so are not solely for raised decking, but for ground-level decking too. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Guest author There are two options when building on soft ground:. TIP: If the joist has a crown—a slight arc along its edge—install it crown-side up.


How to add steps & railing to decking guest post

You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised cabbage-like patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. Guest blogger guidelines Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts parallel with the angle of the steps. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the needed level, then secure it to the other corner post. Once smoothened down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. The hidden fastening system creates a uniformed 6mm expansion gap between boards when fitted width to width, and a 3mm gap fitted end to end. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Our example is of decking that is:. Fill with concrete, using a shovel to work out air pockets (above). If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. Guest-blogger If laying the deck over lawn, mark out the area then dig out to a depth of 50mm. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. This post was written by The hidden fastening system creates a uniformed 6mm expansion gap between boards when fitted width to width, and a 3mm gap fitted end to end. Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. For more on caring for your timber decking, check out our how to guide. Guest article Learn more: Decking for your project. Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. Because this board is overhanging, screw through the third groove of the outside edge and fix with a 64mm decking screw. Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the banister. On a small deck, three joists is sufficient (one in the middle and the others at the centre-point between the edge of the frame and the centre joist). Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. TIP: If the joist has a crown—a slight arc along its edge—install it crown-side up. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. If you've always dreamed of building your own deck, but were hesitant to tackle such a large, complicated expression project, we've got some good news. Guest article You can also countersink the holes to get a electric sander finish. If laying straight onto the ground, jump to Step 3b. Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. Check that the posts are vertical as you go. Contributor guidelines If you need to avoid any obstacles, such as a pipe, then measure and cut the joist consequently. Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. The following instructions show you how to put together a sub-frame. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. If cutting a wide or thick piece of timber, clamp a straight-edge along the marked line to provide a straight, accurate cut all the way through the timber. Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark. Add gravel and smooth as you go. Align the top of each spacer with the chalk line and fasten with a 6d nail. With the first row in place, you can now start the second row - remembering to include the under consideration expansion gap between the boards. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. Cut sections of joist to length. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. Our example is of decking that is:. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. Guest blogger Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a advertising saw. Measure across the inside of the frame at your joist marks, then cut lengths of the tanalised timber to suit. Guest-blogger From this line, measure down 1/16 inch per foot of the pier's distance from the house, plus the height of the rim joist and post base. Apply it over the ledger-to-house joint so one leg covers the top of the spacer blocks and ledger and the other leg extends up the wall. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. Before you start laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. Check the positioning of the piers and adjust if necessary. For an attractive finish, and to aid drainage around your decking, simply add some gravel. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. This will mark the corner of the decking. Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the doubled side rim joists and beams. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. Split a concrete block in two using a brick bolster. This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an thing beginning. Blog for us Use at least two screws per joist for each decking board. Start by measure and marking out your decking area. If the deck boards on the end row overhang the joist frame, consider accelerando or reduction the expansion gaps of timber deck boards by the recommended amount. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Before you start laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project. Suggest a post In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. Secure it with eight coach bolts sunk from the outside of the frame. Then, measure from the far end of the deck to the chalk line and cut a deck board to length. There are lots of ways you can use this versatile horticulture option in your garden. Measure out lengths of joist to sit on the outer face of the sub-frame between the deck posts, and attach these with deck screws as you fix the posts. Check your inbox for a welcome email. Guest contributor guidelines There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Follow our step-by-step guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use leftover boards. A raised deck is a good option for sloped or uneven gardens as a way of creating a flat surface for a dining table or a seating area. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm outer grade screws. The deck shown here features a pressure-treated floor frame that’s supported by a ledger board and concrete piers, and topped with 5/4-inch decking. To begin laying the deck, measure across the top of the frame and cut a board to length. To join your joists, start by measure and cutting the section you need to reach the required length. When joining lengths of internal joist (which will be hidden by the deck boards), use two 600mm sections of joist off-cut sandwiched either side of the join for a stronger fix. Guest author And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Then drive six 16d nails through the face of the front rim joist into the end of the side rim joist. Sponsored post: The diameter of the saw's blade determines how wide and thick the cutting material can be. Guest author You may need to stagger the boards across your deck, and when the ends of the deck boards meet, they will need to be latched to a joist with four hidden fasteners (two for each end of the board). Use a trowel to create a slope in the postcrete so that rainwater runs away from the post on all sides. Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposition post and cut sections of joist to length. Fit a side rim joist into a joist hanger at one end of the ledger, square the corner, and toenail through the hanger into the ledger with 16d nails. So, whatsoever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. Then position the corner post on the contiguous side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. Position the first baluster, checking it's straight with a spirit level. Guest post policy Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the banister. If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. Guest post courtesy of Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. For interior joists, Tom halves the span then adds two—a joist spanning 8 feet warrants a 2x6. With the first board in place, slide the hidden fastener into the grooved edge of the deck board.


How to plan & build a raised deck accepting guest posts

Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by positioning crosswise and vertical deck tiles (pictured). Guest blogger guidelines Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Continue the process until you finish your raised timber deck. They're ideal if there's a shape to cut and work well cutting notches and curves in deck boards around obstacles such as posts. Fitting solid complex decking doesn't require any specialist tools – you can use the same as if you were fitting a timber deck - the fixings just require a contrary technique. Dig out around the posts to a depth of 700mm and a width of 300mm, as you did with the corner posts. If you have to secure the joist onto an unexposed side of the frame, drill two skewed pilot holes on each side before securing with screws. Measure the hold from the wall to the outside of the trim board and add 1 inch for overhang. We asked This Old House general contractor Tom Silva to demonstrate the proper techniques for building a small, simple on-grade deck. Align the top of each spacer with the chalk line and fasten with a 6d nail. If you need to add an angled board because your garden is sloping then start by attaching packers to the main joist frame, this will give you something to secure the fascia onto. Before you build the deck, the site needs to be properly prepped. Measure the distance between the marks and cut sections of joist to the mandatory length. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Guest posters wanted Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more stability and a neat finish if you fancy. Check your inbox for a welcome email. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. These steps are incumbent for laying both timber and solid composite deck boards. Position the first baluster, checking it's straight with a spirit level. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. Next, clamp a length of bannister into move with its grooved edge facing down. Contribute to this site When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. Secure with 64mm decking screws. A gauge screw makes an ideal spacer or use off-cuts of wood. Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the banister. Our LED decking lights come in either blue or white and look great set into decking steps or between decking levels. From this line, measure down 1/16 inch per foot of the pier's distance from the house, plus the height of the rim joist and post base. Our timber deck boards can be painted or stained with decking paint. Publish your guest post To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. A gauge screw makes an ideal spacer or use off-cuts of wood. If you need to add an angled board because your garden is sloping then start by attaching packers to the main joist frame, this will give you something to secure the fascia onto. Continue the process until you finish your raised timber deck. Blog for us Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. This line will be the guideline for attaching the wall plate to the wall so extend this line across the full width of the decking if possible. Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. Complement the decking by edging it with paving, giving it a contemporary look. Submit blog post You can choose between railing kits, or you can design your own with balustrade screens and posts. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. Contributing writer Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Use an edger to cut into the lawn for a straight cut, and then use a spade to remove the turf. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Then, clamp the sections into place, drill the pilot holes and secure with two 100mm screws at each end. To determine each pier's finish height, run a level line from the top of the ledger to the pier tube. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Fit and nail each beam as represented above. Nail paint-grade trim boards as wide as the rim joists to their outside faces with two 8d hot-dipped galvanized or stainless finish nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm outer grade screws. Tack 8d finish nails into the joists alongside the first board to record logical spacing. Some items are needed for multiple stages in the process, but are only listed once, so be sure to check the steps for further detail. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Then, move your joists into position. Mark the exact location of the top of the ledger. The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. The diameter of the saw's blade determines how wide and thick the cutting material can be. Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. This line will be the guideline for attaching the wall plate to the wall so extend this line across the full width of the decking if possible. When the concrete has set off (is completely dry), cover the whole area with weed control fabric (making cut-outs for the concrete pads) and a layer of gravel (40 to 50mm in depth). Guest post You can also countersink the fixing points to achieve a smoother finish. Squeeze a bead of polyurethane marine sealant on the top edge of a side rim joist. The following instructions show you how to put together a sub-frame. Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. Dig out around the posts to a depth of 700mm and a width of 300mm, as you did with the corner posts. Become a contributor And get creative with leftover deck boards. Rectangular or square-shaped decks are traditional and create clean, angular lines in your garden landscape. Building one begins with determining the sizes of the framing material. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. Become a contributor Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. So a rim joist spanning 10 feet requires two 2x10s. Set up batter boards and mason's strings and determine footing locations at the deck's outside corners and at 8-foot intervals along the front rim joist. If you have to secure the joist onto an unexposed side of the frame, drill two skewed pilot holes on each side before securing with screws. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. Insert 6mm x 100mm screws through the holes in the wall plate and hang galvanised or plastic washers on the end. Insert 6mm x 100mm screws through the holes in the wall plate and hang galvanised or plastic washers on the end. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. For soft ground, place paving stones on top of the gravel; this will support the joists and preserve the timber. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. This could work especially well on a decking split over two levels. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Fold the membrane lengthwise along its center line to form a right angle. Put the wall plate into position in line with your guideline and use packers to support the timber if needs be. Then, move your joists into position. Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. Pre-drill pilot holes at a 45 degree angle from below the deck surface through the outer joist. Guest post guidelines Our How to video below will take you through the easy steps. If cutting a wide or thick piece of timber, clamp a straight-edge along the marked line to provide a straight, accurate cut all the way through the timber. The fasteners create the required 6mm discourse gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. Get an accurate, detailed cost breakdown of your project. Drill pilot holes through the step assembly and the sub-frame joist. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. Submit a guest post Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if necessity. You can user a spacer to do this, such as an off-cut of wood or plastic – or simply drop a spare screw in as shown here. Submit post Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Become a contributor Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory. Potential laying patterns for decking include: horizontal, diagonal, chevron (zig-zag like parquet flooring) and picture frame (boards in a distinct orientation to frame the decking) deck boards. Articles wanted Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Write for us When installation the last board, there are two options. Select a drill bit for your drill driver that's thinner than the deck screw's shank and drill pilot holes into the pencil marks - being careful to drill through the deck board and not into the joist. To raise the frame, cut four blocks of tanalised timber to the desired height. They're free in three, four and six step options. Don’t cut down a tree - build your deck around it by including a bit more sub-structure to frame the trunk. If you build a tall enough frame, you can even use the space underneath your decking as additional garden storage.


How to plan and lay a deck submit post

Writers wanted Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Tack 8d finish nails into the joists alongside the first board to record logical spacing. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. To begin laying the deck, measure across the top of the frame and cut a board to length. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an thing beginning. Blog for us Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. Sponsored post To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a befittingly sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. Create a string line around the four corner posts. You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised cabbage-like patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. If you're extending your deck further than the length of a joist, clamp the joist sections end to end in a workbench. From each of the four marks, use a set square to draw a straight vertical line. Install 2x joist hangers along the beams, 16 inches on center. Work all this out before you cut and assemble the deck frame or add objective pads. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. Articles wanted They're ideal if there's a shape to cut and work well cutting notches and curves in deck boards around obstacles such as posts. Submitting a guest post You can lay decking at different heights and levels, depending on the shape and surface of your garden. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. If you are building a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. Looking for guest posts Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many distinguish step treads as you require. Want to contribute to our website Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. Then fix it to the handrail and baserail with countersunk screws. Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Submit blog post Registered in Exeter, EX1 1JG, England No. Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. If you've always dreamed of building your own deck, but were hesitant to tackle such a large, complicated expression project, we've got some good news. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. Find the centre point between posts and hammer a timber batten into place. Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. Submit a guest post Fill with concrete, using a shovel to work out air pockets (above). Articles wanted Tom Silva uses these rules fo thumb: for rim joists or beams made of doubled-up 2x lumber, the boards' nominal width (in inches) should match the span (in feet). And check that all gaps created are the same for a clad finish. To avoid having to skew screws, it’s best to stagger the noggings; bear this in mind when readying where they will be positioned. Don’t cut down a tree - build your deck around it by including a bit more sub-structure to frame the trunk. Secure the three sections in your worktable or saw horse, ensuring that the 300mm mark lines up with the join in the joists. Mark each location, then temporarily remove the mason's strings. Become a guest blogger Set up batter boards and mason's strings and determine footing locations at the deck's outside corners and at 8-foot intervals along the front rim joist. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. Cut a 2-inch-wide, 1½-inch-thick treated wood spacer for every 2 feet of ledger length. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. You must Register or Login to post a comment. Stagger the deck board joins across the deck for greater strength, and arrange them in a regular pattern for an fetching finish. Make two pencil marks on each end of the deck frame's two outer joists - these are at right angles to the inner joists. Submit content All you need to be winning at DIY deck building are some basic carpentry tools and the desire to invest a little sweat equity. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Using the lines you drew as a guide, pre drill guide holes into the second groove in from each side. A basic open stair is all that’s necessary on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Repeat the process to secure two coach screws through the outer frame into each end of all the inner joists. Guest post guidelines Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. Railings or balustrade are a must-have on raised decking to make sure it is safe to use. Submit blog post Secure each end of the deck board with an 8d finish nail. If you are attaching a fascia board, allow for an overhang and screw through the third groove in from the outside edge of the deck board. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. And when it comes to finding your favourite decking to match the look you’re after, our decking buying guide will help. Measure the hold from the wall to the outside of the trim board and add 1 inch for overhang. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Ready to start with your project? Let's go. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if necessity. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as possible and covering all of the area under the deck. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. Start by measuring the distance between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Sponsored post by Decking can be a great acquisition in a garden that kids enjoy. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step stringer and into the joist. Position the saw on a sturdy, flat surface (such as a workbench) and clamp it into place. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. When drilling large or deep holes into solid composite decking, sporadically lift the drill bit out of each hole and remove the shavings with a gentle blow. Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. Fragrant roses growing up trellis or obelisks can be particularly effective for this. Use a spirit level and straight edge to check that the pads are level with each other, and if not, use a brick trowel to level off the highest points while the concrete is still semi-dry. Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if necessity. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. You may need to stagger the boards across your deck, and when the ends of the deck boards meet, they will need to be latched to a joist with four hidden fasteners (two for each end of the board). Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Building one begins with determining the sizes of the framing material. Drill pilot holes using an 6mm wood drill bit. Pot plants are the easiest way to incorporate plants into your deck design, but a border around the edge of your decking is a great way to frame it with your contender shrubs and plants. Want to write for Once smoothened down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. Next, clamp a length of bannister into move with its grooved edge facing down. Pot plants are the easiest way to incorporate plants into your deck design, but a border around the edge of your decking is a great way to frame it with your contender shrubs and plants. Secure with 64mm decking screws. If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Then, measure and mark pilot hole guides 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. Contribute to our site Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Guest-post Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Follow manufacturer's instructions for setting time. Complete the doubled front rim joist by gluing and nailing the outer 2xs to the inner 2xs. Measure out lengths of joist to sit on the outer face of the sub-frame between the deck posts, and attach these with deck screws as you fix the posts. Accepting guest posts Then, fit and toenail the joists through the hangers. Accepting guest posts Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses into each of the eight marks. Become an author Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. Once all the noggings are in place, do any final levelling and check that all joists are suspended at 500mm intervals. Some items are needed for multiple stages in the process, but are only listed once, so be sure to check the steps for further detail. To determine each pier's finish height, run a level line from the top of the ledger to the pier tube. Blog for us It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Alternatively, go for deck tiles instead of deck boards for a diametrical design.


How to Build a Simple Deck articles wanted

Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Submit an article Also check that the corners are square using a set square. Submit content Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Then, place a concrete block into the hole, but do not install the posts at this stage. Check your inbox for a welcome email. Lay and nail the next deck board as before. You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an interesting effect. On larger decks, set joists at 400mm centres. Measure from this mark and repeat at 400mm intervals across the rest of the joist, making sure you never exceed the recommended spacing. Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. Cover the area in a layer of weed control fabric and then 40mm to 50mm of gravel. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. Secure the clips with screws (these are supplied as part of the start clip) using a long number 1 square drill bit, also supplied in the pack. Want to write for A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonic the wood. Cut the deck boards to this length. Sponsored post: Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Want to contribute to our website Position the saw on a sturdy, flat surface (such as a workbench) and clamp it into place. Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. This Old House general declarer Tom Silva's method for constructing a bounteous on-grade deck. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. When the concrete has set off (is completely dry), cover the whole area with weed control fabric (making cut-outs for the concrete pads) and a layer of gravel (40 to 50mm in depth). Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. Want to contribute to our website Drill pilot holes through the step assembly and the sub-frame joist. If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. (This adhesive actually fastens the decking in place. Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite command to the inner joists. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposition post and cut sections of joist to length. Many of the skills you’ll learn can also be applied to more complex projects, such as curved decks – but for elaborate designs you may prefer to call in the professionals. Cut a 2-inch-wide, 1½-inch-thick treated wood spacer for every 2 feet of ledger length. Guest post: When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. They'll also straightaway transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. Guest author Follow our step-by-step guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use leftover boards. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line downwards. The grooved side edges of solid composite boards accommodate a hidden fastening system, which allows for a smooth finish across the deck floor. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Mark each location, then temporarily remove the mason's strings. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an extra joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Submitting a guest post To join your joists, start by measure and cutting the section you need to reach the required length. When joining lengths of internal joist (which will be hidden by the deck boards), use two 600mm sections of joist off-cut sandwiched either side of the join for a stronger fix. Fit a side rim joist into a joist hanger at one end of the ledger, square the corner, and toenail through the hanger into the ledger with 16d nails. Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. Submit blog post The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Once smoothened down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Submit an article Ready to start with your project? Let's go. Repeat with the other side rim joist. If you plan to lay decking that's raised, next to a building or wall, or would like to add a balustrade, head over to our article on laying a raised deck for more assemblage. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Position the saw on a sturdy, flat surface (such as a workbench) and clamp it into place. To raise the frame, cut four blocks of tanalised timber to the desired height. Building one begins with determining the sizes of the framing material. At each footing location, dig a hole wide enough to hold the footing form and deep enough to extend below frost line. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Secure the step stringer in place with countersunk 100mm screws, repeat this process on all exposed sides of the bracing. Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link several levels of the deck. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Submit post Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Guest post courtesy of Then, fit and toenail the joists through the hangers. Drive roofing nails through the flashing's top edge every 8 inches. Start by marking a stand-up line that ultimately the end of the wall plate will be placed against. Solid composite deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Become guest writer You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. The following list of tools and materials includes everything you will need to lay a basic, ground-level deck. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step stringer and into the joist. Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into office and skip to step 6. Want to write an article Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. Notched posts are peculiarly profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Position the first baluster, checking it's straight with a spirit level. So, whatsoever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. Merge navy and white for a shipping design or black and grey to get a present-day and stylish look. If planning around a step or a sill check the design fits by taking an offcut of deck board, holding it up to the lowest part of the sill and marking a small line beneath it. And for any budding artists, why not try creating unique painted decking with a bespoke design? Get creative and paint a pattern or picture on your decking – you can be sure no-one else will have the same look. Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as possible and covering all of the area under the deck. Measure and cut a 600mm section and mark at 300mm to show where the centre point is. Put the fascia into office and place small offcuts of wood or packers underneath the fascia to level it. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Secure the clips with screws (these are supplied as part of the start clip) using a long number 1 square drill bit, also supplied in the pack. When installation the last board, there are two options. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. If planning around a step or a sill check the design fits by taking an offcut of deck board, holding it up to the lowest part of the sill and marking a small line beneath it. Guest posters wanted Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. From this line, measure down 1/16 inch per foot of the pier's distance from the house, plus the height of the rim joist and post base. A raised timber deck can offer the perfect outdoor space, providing a seemless link between the home and garden and helping to bring the outside in. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Mark the fascia board with a line at 50mm from each end. Stagger any butt joints by varying board lengths, making sure joints fall in the middle of post anchors. To begin laying the deck, measure across the top of the frame and cut a board to length. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers at both ends of the ledger and flush with its bottom edge, using joist hanger nails. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Guest post opportunities Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. Cut a strip of self-adhering waterproof membrane 6 inches wide and the same length as the ledger. Submit blog post Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. The ledger is made from a single board of the same width. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the needed level, then secure it to the other corner post. Become guest writer The board should be positioned flush with the frame.


Decking ideas this is a guest post by

Then fix it to the handrail and baserail with countersunk screws. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and English-Gothic architecture to the joists. Be sure to use a sharp hole that will leave a clean hole. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Guest post- Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. Use a combination square to mark an right line across the deck board. Publish your guest post Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. Want to contribute to our website Continue the process until you finish your raised timber deck. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Allow the building material to cure for one week. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. Decking with a curved edge can help to create a softer finish to your garden design and looks great with bark, gravel or grass against the curved edge. Then, fit and toenail the joists through the hangers. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. Guest blogger guidelines Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Use enough washers to ensure a 10mm gap between the wall and the wall plate. Lots of cuts: Use a mitre saw (also known as a chop saw). Guest blogger guidelines Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an extra joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Secure the three sections in your worktable or saw horse, ensuring that the 300mm mark lines up with the join in the joists. Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. Decking can be a great acquisition in a garden that kids enjoy. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. From each of the four marks, use a set square to draw a straight vertical line. On the line, mark guide holes at 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the frame. If you are attaching fascia boards to the decking, as we are here, then you’ll need to allow for an overhang. It’s best to ask someone to hold the timber in place for you whilst you drill the holes. In each hole insert a ½-inch lag screw and tighten it against a washer using an impact wrench or socket wrench. Squeeze dabs of adhesive onto the top edge of each joist. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. All you need to be winning at DIY deck building are some basic carpentry tools and the desire to invest a little sweat equity. When joining lengths of internal joist (which will be hidden by the deck boards), use two 600mm sections of joist off-cut sandwiched either side of the join for a stronger fix. Guest-blogger Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. And check that all gaps created are the same for a clad finish. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. Want to write for Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. If laying grooved deck boards facing upwards, position the screws at the bottom of a groove. Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. Place a section of block into each of the holes, making sure they are firmly in place. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. If you are attaching fascia boards to the decking, as we are here, then you’ll need to allow for an overhang. If you build a tall enough frame, you can even use the space underneath your decking as additional garden storage. (Add more nails only if a board does not lie straight or flat. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Guest post opportunities Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. When cutting solid composite boards, we recommend a 254 to 305mm saw blade with 40 teeth or less for the best results. Guest blogger guidelines Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Block off the area around the tree by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists, secured either end with two coach screws. If laying straight onto the ground, jump to Step 3b. An existing patio or objective base can be used as a solid foundation for your deck. Apply a protective treatment to any cut or recessed timber - be it deck boards, joists or posts - before grouping. An existing patio or objective base can be used as a solid foundation for your deck. Countersink the facing and screw to the frame, ensuring the facing is flush with the top. Guest article Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Ready to start with your project? Let's go. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. Choose between mains-powered or solar-powered lights and silver or black surrounds, so you can match them to your desired look. Guest posts wanted Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. If you are building a fixed deck that joins onto a house then you will need to attach a wall plate. Measure out lengths of joist to sit on the outer face of the sub-frame between the deck posts, and attach these with deck screws as you fix the posts. Our complex decking is in stock in fascinating colours including deep red, brown and grey so that you can choose one that works with your garden design. Stagger the deck board joins across the deck for greater strength, and arrange them in a regular pattern for an fetching finish. Screw these to the inside fo the frame at each corner, ensuring they’re flush with the top. Cover the ground with landscaping fabric and add gravel. Accepting guest posts Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Reposition post base, insert an anchor bolt, and tighten with an impact wrench. Sponsored post by Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. Again, do not fully tighten the screws. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Guest post policy Merge navy and white for a shipping design or black and grey to get a present-day and stylish look. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Guest posts wanted Mark the exact location of the top of the ledger. (By code, any step down to the finish decking, which sits atop the ledger, must be 4 to 7¾ inches below the door sill. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. Pot plants are the easiest way to incorporate plants into your deck design, but a border around the edge of your decking is a great way to frame it with your contender shrubs and plants. Measure and cut lengths of handrail, then mitre the corners for a neat finish. There are two options when building on soft ground:. Slide the second board into place, making sure the fasteners fit into the groove. Position the first baluster, checking it's straight with a spirit level. Once all the noggings are in place, do any final levelling and check that all joists are suspended at 500mm intervals. Check that the posts are vertical as you go. If the deck boards on the end row overhang the joist frame, consider accelerando or reduction the expansion gaps of timber deck boards by the recommended amount. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Repeat with the other side rim joist. Looking for guest posts When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. Guest blogger Select a drill bit for your drill driver that's thinner than the deck screw's shank and drill pilot holes into the pencil marks - being careful to drill through the deck board and not into the joist. Then, move your joists into position. It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. Submit guest article If you have to secure the joist onto an unexposed side of the frame, drill two skewed pilot holes on each side before securing with screws. The grooved side edges of solid composite boards accommodate a hidden fastening system, which allows for a smooth finish across the deck floor. Become a guest blogger Remove the thinned sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its structural integrity. Start by marking a stand-up line that ultimately the end of the wall plate will be placed against. Guest article Hand tighten the screws into the wall plugs before using a drill and driver bit to secure them. Move the wall plate away and complete the holes by drilling now into the wall. Rest the joist's opposite end on a corner pier. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Measure and mark the deck board at the desired length. To fit solid whole stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. And when it comes to finding your favourite decking to match the look you’re after, our decking buying guide will help.


How to Build a Simple Deck guest poster wanted

Both timber and solid composite deck boards are cut in the same way. Guest poster wanted (Joints between ledger boards should fall on a spacer. These marks are where the coach screws will go. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. Guest poster wanted When cutting long boards, ensure the board is adequately positioned and safely held in place so the timber does not drop or get ‘thrown’ by the blade. Check your inbox for a welcome email. The hidden fastening system creates a uniformed 6mm expansion gap between boards when fitted width to width, and a 3mm gap fitted end to end. Secure each end of the deck board with an 8d finish nail. If the deck boards on the end row overhang the joist frame, consider accelerando or reduction the expansion gaps of timber deck boards by the recommended amount. This step-by-step guide is supplied politeness of TradesSupermarket. Slide the second board into place, making sure the fasteners fit into the groove. Mark the location of each joist on the board. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. Guest post- This step-by-step guide is supplied politeness of TradesSupermarket. Want to write for Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. Submit blog post Cut a 2-inch-wide, 1½-inch-thick treated wood spacer for every 2 feet of ledger length. Position any end to end joins between the deck boards halfway across an inner joist so that both boards can be screwed into the joist for extra stability. Cover the area in a layer of weed control fabric and then 40mm to 50mm of gravel. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Adding lighting to your decking means that you can enjoy the area long after the sun goes down. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Squeeze dabs of adhesive onto the top edge of each joist. Sponsored post Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is supernatant by a suitable block or slab. This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in building a raised timber deck. Guest posting rules To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. Position the last board into fasteners, overhanging the outer joist. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. Want to write for Measure from this mark and repeat at 400mm intervals across the rest of the joist, making sure you never exceed the recommended spacing. Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link several levels of the deck. An on-grade deck—one built just above the ground—doesn't require posts, steps, or railings. There are two options when building on soft ground:. Drill a 3⅜-inch pilot hole through the ledger and into the house's rim joist at each spacer, succeeding a zigzag pattern. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Sponsored post: Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Slide the second board into place, making sure the fasteners fit into the groove. Secure it with eight coach bolts sunk from the outside of the frame. Select a drill bit for your drill driver that's thinner than the deck screw's shank and drill pilot holes into the pencil marks - being careful to drill through the deck board and not into the joist. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Use at least two screws per joist for each decking board. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Guest blogger guidelines Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Slide the second board into place, making sure the fasteners fit into the groove. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Alternatively, shorten or increase the outer frame so that your final decking row will finish flush to the edge of the joist frame. Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. Mark the exact location of the top of the ledger. Guest article Trim pier tubes at these marks. Want to write a post We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an attractive culmination touch. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Guest post- Alternatively, go for deck tiles instead of deck boards for a diametrical design. This post was written by The following instructions show you how to put together a sub-frame. Then, place a concrete block into the hole, but do not install the posts at this stage. Contribute to our site You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. Tom Silva uses these rules fo thumb: for rim joists or beams made of doubled-up 2x lumber, the boards' nominal width (in inches) should match the span (in feet). Contribute to our site When cutting solid composite boards, we recommend a 254 to 305mm saw blade with 40 teeth or less for the best results. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). Split a concrete block in two using a brick bolster. To fit solid whole stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Nail paint-grade trim boards as wide as the rim joists to their outside faces with two 8d hot-dipped galvanized or stainless finish nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. Fold the metal lengthwise to form a right angle. Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. Guest post- If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to woodwork. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Guest blogger guidelines Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. Be sure to check the most up-to-date Building Regulations. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. There's no need to sand or treat solid complex deck boards. Guest posts wanted Your central joists should run in the same guidance that your deck boards will be. Guest author Move the wall plate away and complete the holes by drilling now into the wall. Guest post- To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. Both timber and solid composite deck boards are cut in the same way. Contributor guidelines 2m apart) and fix the first notched post to the sub-frame with coach screws. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. Once smoothened down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. Then, clamp the sections into place, drill the pilot holes and secure with two 100mm screws at each end. Nail paint-grade trim boards as wide as the rim joists to their outside faces with two 8d hot-dipped galvanized or stainless finish nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. When marking out where to position noggings, bear in mind that they can't be spaced more than 1200mm apart and that it's easiest to stagger them to avoid having to skew screws when securing them. Guest post guidelines With the pilot holes drilled, it's now time to fit the coach screws. Guest poster wanted Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. An unsupported solid composite deck board overhang should not exceed 13mm. If your decking is going to be longer than the decking joists, you will need to join two sections together. Want to write an article If the joist is 50mm or wider, the join and 3mm expansion gap will be in the middle of the joist, surrounded by four hidden fasteners. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Choose complemental colours like greys and whites or mix it up with a bold colour different with natural wood. Screw the step assembly securely to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. Adding lighting to your decking means that you can enjoy the area long after the sun goes down. Place a section of block into each of the holes, making sure they are firmly in place. If you add a handrail and balustrades they'll turn a functional staircase into an attractive feature as well as helping to prevent slips and falls. These marks are where the coach screws will go. Sponsored post There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Set up batter boards and mason's strings and determine footing locations at the deck's outside corners and at 8-foot intervals along the front rim joist. Split a concrete block in two using a brick bolster. Remove post base and bore into pier with a hammer drill volumed with a masonry bit. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Mark pilot holes 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the outer frame, and drill using a 6mm drill bit. ) Lay a heterosexual deck board in the adhesive so its long edge overhangs the trim board by 1 inch. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail.


How to add steps & railing to decking guest column

A raised timber deck can offer the perfect outdoor space, providing a seemless link between the home and garden and helping to bring the outside in. The deck shown here features a pressure-treated floor frame that’s supported by a ledger board and concrete piers, and topped with 5/4-inch decking. Start by measuring the distance between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Cut sections of joist to length. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and English-Gothic architecture to the joists. Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Add gravel and smooth as you go. Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an thing beginning. Then, measure from the far end of the deck to the chalk line and cut a deck board to length. Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. The deck shown here features a pressure-treated floor frame that’s supported by a ledger board and concrete piers, and topped with 5/4-inch decking. Guest post by Measure the width of the step from the outer edge and cut a piece of deck board to length. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. They're free in three, four and six step options. To raise the frame, cut four blocks of tanalised timber to the desired height. You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. We asked This Old House general contractor Tom Silva to demonstrate the proper techniques for building a small, simple on-grade deck. If you're extending your deck further than the length of a joist, clamp the joist sections end to end in a workbench. Write for us Apply it over the ledger-to-house joint so one leg covers the top of the spacer blocks and ledger and the other leg extends up the wall. Both timber and solid composite deck boards are cut in the same way. Become guest writer Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. Want to contribute to our website Trim pier tubes at these marks. For interior joists, Tom halves the span then adds two—a joist spanning 8 feet warrants a 2x6. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Screw these to the inside fo the frame at each corner, ensuring they’re flush with the top. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Guest blogger You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an interesting effect. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Want to write for Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the doubled side rim joists and beams. Countersink the facing and screw to the frame, ensuring the facing is flush with the top. Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. TIP: Decking laid at right angles to the house makes for a stronger front edge. And because the deck is only a one step high, no railing was required. If you are building a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. Before you start laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project. Become a guest blogger For the rest of the boards, always screw into the second groove from each side and fix to the frame with 64mm decking screws. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Don't go too fast when using a jigsaw or the cut might not be as guileless as you want it. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm outer grade screws. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Work all this out before you cut and assemble the deck frame or add objective pads. With the first row in place, you can now start the second row - remembering to include the under consideration expansion gap between the boards. Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. Timber deck boards require a 5 to 8mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. TIP: If the joist has a crown—a slight arc along its edge—install it crown-side up. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. There are two options when building on soft ground:. Guest post by When drilling large or deep holes into solid composite decking, sporadically lift the drill bit out of each hole and remove the shavings with a gentle blow. Building a simple timber deck is a within reason aboveboard DIY job. Drill pilot holes through the step assembly and the sub-frame joist. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. Remove the building's trim and siding to 1 foot above the top of where the ledger will sit. Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. If laying grooved deck boards facing upwards, position the screws at the bottom of a groove. A straight-edged deck is also easier to conception than one with a curved edge. If the deck boards on the end row overhang the joist frame, consider accelerando or reduction the expansion gaps of timber deck boards by the recommended amount. They're free in three, four and six step options. Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. Work out where exactly the pads are required and dig holes roughly 150mm square and 150mm deep at intervals of 1. An extra pair of hands, or packers, may be required to hold the joist in place whilst you do this. Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more stability and a neat finish if you fancy. Before you begin, ensure you plan your deck cautiously – ideally the boards plus treatment gaps (usually 5mm) should finish completely flush with the outer facings of the framework. Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many distinguish step treads as you require. To fit solid whole stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line downwards. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. It’s best to ask someone to hold the timber in place for you whilst you drill the holes. If laying straight onto the ground, jump to Step 3b. Squeeze a bead of polyurethane marine sealant on the top edge of a side rim joist. Our timber deck boards can be painted or stained with decking paint. Become an author This step-by-step guide is supplied politeness of TradesSupermarket. Place a section of block into each of the holes, making sure they are firmly in place. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. Contributing writer Screw the decking screws into the pilot holes. Mark the location of each joist on the board. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Why not try integration both raised and ground level decking into your design to create divergent platforms? This is a really eye-catching way to lay decking. Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. Learn more: Decking for your project. Want to write for Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. When thinking about the shape and size of your deck, plan it around the planting design you want to have in that area. Repeat for the other 3 corners. We propose the following products based on the scale of your project. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. We propose the following products based on the scale of your project. Drill a 3⅜-inch pilot hole through the ledger and into the house's rim joist at each spacer, succeeding a zigzag pattern. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses into each of the eight marks. A stress free, visceral experience. Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your balusters and deck posts so they're even. Submit post 2m apart) and fix the first notched post to the sub-frame with coach screws. This is a guest post by To join your joists, start by measure and cutting the section you need to reach the required length. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. You may need to stagger the boards across your deck, and when the ends of the deck boards meet, they will need to be latched to a joist with four hidden fasteners (two for each end of the board). Work all this out before you cut and assemble the deck frame or add objective pads. To work out how many internal joists are needed, measure 400mm from the centre of the external joists and draw a mark.


How to Build a Deck submit a guest post

Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Drive roofing nails through the flashing's top edge every 8 inches. Guest posters wanted Our complex decking is in stock in fascinating colours including deep red, brown and grey so that you can choose one that works with your garden design. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. Become a guest blogger Then fit the inner 2xs into the post bases. The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Use a straightedge (a deck board is perfect for this) with a spirit level on top to check that the whole area is level, and level out any slight unevenness in the ground. Guest post Our timber deck boards can be painted or stained with decking paint. From this line, measure down 1/16 inch per foot of the pier's distance from the house, plus the height of the rim joist and post base. If you are adding a fascia then you will need to countersink the screws. Tack 8d finish nails into the joists alongside the first board to record logical spacing. Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. Mark on the fascia where the far end of your angled board will be and measure along to your line on the top fascia. Submit blog post Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. Submit guest article Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Submit guest post The ledger is made from a single board of the same width. It’s a great way to make your neighbors jealous. Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. They'll also straightaway transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. Guest post policy Timber deck boards require a 5 to 8mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. This is applicable to all timber, including Walksure and Grassedeck boards. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposition post and cut sections of joist to length. You can also countersink the holes to get a electric sander finish. Notched posts are peculiarly profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Want to write a post Our timber deck boards can be painted or stained with decking paint. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Check your inbox for a welcome email. Tighten the screws of the fasteners in the first row. Position any end to end joins between the deck boards halfway across an inner joist so that both boards can be screwed into the joist for extra stability. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Measure the distance between the marks and cut sections of joist to the mandatory length. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Become a contributor We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an attractive culmination touch. If you plan to lay decking that's raised, next to a building or wall, or would like to add a balustrade, head over to our article on laying a raised deck for more assemblage. Lots of cuts: Use a mitre saw (also known as a chop saw). They're free in three, four and six step options. Guest author Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. Want to write for Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. For soft ground, place paving stones on top of the gravel; this will support the joists and preserve the timber. Secure with 64mm decking screws. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. Learn more: Decking for your project. Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the doubled side rim joists and beams. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Guest-post Make sure the post is statant before continuing. If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into office and skip to step 6. Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory. Be sure to use a sharp hole that will leave a clean hole. Submit your content So a rim joist spanning 10 feet requires two 2x10s. If the joist is 50mm or wider, the join and 3mm expansion gap will be in the middle of the joist, surrounded by four hidden fasteners. Sponsored post by Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. Remove the thinned sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its structural integrity. Use enough washers to ensure a 10mm gap between the wall and the wall plate. Glue them up with building adhesive and nail them together from both sides with 12d nails, spaced every 16 inches in a zigzag pattern. Clamp the baserail in place, and fix it to the deck posts with countersunk screws. The fasteners create the required 6mm discourse gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. If you add a handrail and balustrades they'll turn a functional staircase into an attractive feature as well as helping to prevent slips and falls. Want to write for Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Whether you just want to relax in the sun, hold guests or you need an personable feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. Set up batter boards and mason's strings and determine footing locations at the deck's outside corners and at 8-foot intervals along the front rim joist. Contributing writer Be sure to use a sharp hole that will leave a clean hole. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Guest article If you are building a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. Articles wanted Don't go too fast when using a jigsaw or the cut might not be as guileless as you want it. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Guest post courtesy of Read on to kickstart your inspiration for your decking project. And because the deck is only a one step high, no railing was required. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. Secure the board and create a clear chalk line. Before you begin, ensure you plan your deck cautiously – ideally the boards plus treatment gaps (usually 5mm) should finish completely flush with the outer facings of the framework. Guest contributor guidelines Also check that the corners are square using a set square. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. A raised timber deck can offer the perfect outdoor space, providing a seemless link between the home and garden and helping to bring the outside in. Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as possible and covering all of the area under the deck. Install 2x joist hangers along the beams, 16 inches on center. A raised deck is a good option for sloped or uneven gardens as a way of creating a flat surface for a dining table or a seating area. Do not fully tighten at this stage. Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. If cutting a wide or thick piece of timber, clamp a straight-edge along the marked line to provide a straight, accurate cut all the way through the timber. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Submit article Mark each location, then temporarily remove the mason's strings. Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist. Guest posters wanted Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts parallel with the angle of the steps. Guest-blogger ) Lay a heterosexual deck board in the adhesive so its long edge overhangs the trim board by 1 inch. If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into office and skip to step 6. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Use a trowel to create a slope in the postcrete so that rainwater runs away from the post on all sides. Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many distinguish step treads as you require. Tighten the screws of the fasteners in the first row. Adding lighting to your decking means that you can enjoy the area long after the sun goes down. Articles wanted Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. The ledger is made from a single board of the same width. The fasteners create the required 6mm discourse gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Want to contribute to our website If you need to cut a deck board to accommodate an obstacle, create a template and mark the saw guideline onto the wood, then cut with a jigsaw. Mark the location of each joist on the board. Want to write for Now just follow Tom’s tips and build your own backyard oasis. Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more stability and a neat finish if you fancy. Then fix it to the handrail and baserail with countersunk screws. Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many distinguish step treads as you require. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. If you need to add an angled board because your garden is sloping then start by attaching packers to the main joist frame, this will give you something to secure the fascia onto. Lots of cuts: Use a mitre saw (also known as a chop saw). For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. Registered in Exeter, EX1 1JG, England No. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and English-Gothic architecture to the joists. Measure and mark the deck board at the desired length. Guest-post Use a baluster lined up with the groove in the handrail to work out the position of the baserail.


How to Build a Simple Deck articles wanted

Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. Use a mutual saw or jigsaw to score the post. Guest article So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. This line will be the guideline for attaching the wall plate to the wall so extend this line across the full width of the decking if possible. Fragrant roses growing up trellis or obelisks can be particularly effective for this. Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. Guest posting A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. From that line, drop the board down by 10mm to allow for expansion and draw a level line using a spirit level. For help on this, head to the 'How to square a site' section of our How to build a raised deck article for more advice. The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Registered in Exeter, EX1 1JG, England No. Guest posting Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its position. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. At each footing location, dig a hole wide enough to hold the footing form and deep enough to extend below frost line. Then position the corner post on the contiguous side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Follow our step-by-step guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use leftover boards. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Contributor guidelines For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist. An unsupported solid composite deck board overhang should not exceed 13mm. Guest post- Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Articles wanted Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. Submit blog post Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. When marking out where to position noggings, bear in mind that they can't be spaced more than 1200mm apart and that it's easiest to stagger them to avoid having to skew screws when securing them. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. If building your own steps, we suggest:. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Once all the noggings are in place, do any final levelling and check that all joists are suspended at 500mm intervals. To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. Solid composite deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. With the pilot holes drilled, it's now time to fit the coach screws. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. We recommend drilling pilot holes for the screws to help prevent the wood from splitting. Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. Place a post base atop a pier, position it so it will not interfere with joist hangers, and mark its location. For advice on cleaning, painting and caring for your decking, check out our useful guide, How to clean, paint & care for your decking. This could work especially well on a decking split over two levels. Each start clip should be centred on each outer and inner joist. If cutting a wide or thick piece of timber, clamp a straight-edge along the marked line to provide a straight, accurate cut all the way through the timber. Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. Position the saw on a sturdy, flat surface (such as a workbench) and clamp it into place. Place a post base atop a pier, position it so it will not interfere with joist hangers, and mark its location. To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a befittingly sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. Remove the thinned sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its structural integrity. Submit post Notched posts are peculiarly profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Fit and nail each beam as represented above. With the first row in place, you can now start the second row - remembering to include the under consideration expansion gap between the boards. If you build a tall enough frame, you can even use the space underneath your decking as additional garden storage. Mark pilot holes 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the outer frame, and drill using a 6mm drill bit. Blog for us Don't go too fast when using a jigsaw or the cut might not be as guileless as you want it. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. (By code, any step down to the finish decking, which sits atop the ledger, must be 4 to 7¾ inches below the door sill. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. To avoid having to skew screws, it’s best to stagger the noggings; bear this in mind when readying where they will be positioned. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Put the fascia into office and place small offcuts of wood or packers underneath the fascia to level it. Fold the metal lengthwise to form a right angle. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. If no hard garden exists there already, reflect laying an area of concrete or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. Want to write an article Place a post base atop a pier, position it so it will not interfere with joist hangers, and mark its location. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. These will act as extra support for your steps and can be staggered into business and secured like the previous noggings in the frame. Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a advertising saw. Become a guest blogger There are lots of ways you can use this versatile horticulture option in your garden. Alternatively, shorten or increase the outer frame so that your final decking row will finish flush to the edge of the joist frame. Want to write a post Measure and cut lengths of handrail, then mitre the corners for a neat finish. This could work especially well on a decking split over two levels. Accepting guest posts For a two-tone look try fine arts the deck boards a different colour to the railings or balustrades around it. To avoid having to skew screws, it’s best to stagger the noggings; bear this in mind when readying where they will be positioned. TIP: Decking laid at right angles to the house makes for a stronger front edge. Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. After checking its level with a spirit level, drill in countersunk pilot holes and screw it into the deck posts. Whether you just want to relax in the sun, hold guests or you need an personable feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. When thinking about the shape and size of your deck, plan it around the planting design you want to have in that area. Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link several levels of the deck. (Add more nails only if a board does not lie straight or flat. Guest post To begin laying the deck, measure across the top of the frame and cut a board to length. Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. Guest blogger guidelines They're ideal if there's a shape to cut and work well cutting notches and curves in deck boards around obstacles such as posts. It’s best to ask someone to hold the timber in place for you whilst you drill the holes. Mark the location of each joist on the board. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position. Also check that the corners are square using a set square. You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. Many of the skills you’ll learn can also be applied to more complex projects, such as curved decks – but for elaborate designs you may prefer to call in the professionals. Guest post- Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Make two pencil marks on each end of the deck frame's two outer joists - these are at right angles to the inner joists. Guest posting guidelines Building one begins with determining the sizes of the framing material. Notched posts are peculiarly profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. There are lots of ways you can use this versatile horticulture option in your garden. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. All you need to be winning at DIY deck building are some basic carpentry tools and the desire to invest a little sweat equity. The following step-by-step instructions show you how to lay all timber deck boards, including Walksure or Grassedeck boards. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. Submit a guest post This will ensure the board is firmly secured to the decking frame. If you are attaching a fascia board, allow for an overhang and screw through the third groove in from the outside edge of the deck board.


How to add steps & railing to decking guest column

A basic open stair is all that’s necessary on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Rectangular or square-shaped decks are traditional and create clean, angular lines in your garden landscape. Submitting a guest post This isn't possible for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of expansion gap. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. They'll also straightaway transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. Or switch them around for a contrasting look. If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Submit an article Use a baluster lined up with the groove in the handrail to work out the position of the baserail. If laying grooved deck boards facing upwards, position the screws at the bottom of a groove. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. Submit content Work all this out before you cut and assemble the deck frame or add objective pads. Guest article Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. Sponsored post: If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an extra joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. To attach them, put the nogging into position and add packers if indispensable. Position chairs and a table on the higher level, then set a sandpit into the lower platform so you can sit and relax in a sand-free area whilst keeping a watchful eye over your little ones. Blog for us Once all the noggings are in place, do any final levelling and check that all joists are suspended at 500mm intervals. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. If building your own steps, we suggest:. Submit article So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. An on-grade deck—one built just above the ground—doesn't require posts, steps, or railings. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. They'll also straightaway transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. Squeeze a bead of polyurethane marine sealant on the top edge of a side rim joist. Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into office and skip to step 6. Guest posts Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Whether you just want to relax in the sun, hold guests or you need an personable feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. For a two-tone look try fine arts the deck boards a different colour to the railings or balustrades around it. Each start clip should be centred on each outer and inner joist. Do not fully tighten at this stage. Submit a guest post When installation the last board, there are two options. Continue the decking look onto the walls for an fetching feature (pictured). Guest article A stress free, visceral experience. Guest post: Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by positioning crosswise and vertical deck tiles (pictured). Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. Write for us Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an attractive culmination touch. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in building a raised timber deck. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Secure with 64mm decking screws. Guest author There are two options when building on soft ground:. When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. Trim pier tubes at these marks. Measure and cut the lengths of board that you need. Cover the ground with landscaping fabric and add gravel. Before you build the deck, the site needs to be properly prepped. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. This isn't possible for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of expansion gap. Measure across the inside of the frame at your joist marks, then cut lengths of the tanalised timber to suit. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Guest posts wanted Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. Use a spirit level and straight edge to check that the pads are level with each other, and if not, use a brick trowel to level off the highest points while the concrete is still semi-dry. Get an accurate, detailed cost breakdown of your project. Rectangular or square-shaped decks are traditional and create clean, angular lines in your garden landscape. Select a drill bit for your drill driver that's thinner than the deck screw's shank and drill pilot holes into the pencil marks - being careful to drill through the deck board and not into the joist. If your decking has an obstacle, such as a drain, add extra noggings around it for additional support. Your central joists should run in the same guidance that your deck boards will be. Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a befittingly sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. Cut a 2-inch-wide, 1½-inch-thick treated wood spacer for every 2 feet of ledger length. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. Become guest writer Potential laying patterns for decking include: horizontal, diagonal, chevron (zig-zag like parquet flooring) and picture frame (boards in a distinct orientation to frame the decking) deck boards. Cut a strip of self-adhering waterproof membrane 6 inches wide and the same length as the ledger. Guest posting Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. Your central joists should run in the same guidance that your deck boards will be. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. We recommend drilling pilot holes for the screws to help prevent the wood from splitting. Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. Or switch them around for a contrasting look. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Now just follow Tom’s tips and build your own backyard oasis. For a two-tone look try fine arts the deck boards a different colour to the railings or balustrades around it. Be sure to use a sharp hole that will leave a clean hole. Mark the screw locations in pencil, ensuring that they're at least 15mm from the end of the board and at least 20mm from the outside edges. Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. But it has the same structural elements as any deck—ledger, joists, beams and piers. Drill pilot holes using an 6mm wood drill bit. Guest posts For a two-tone look try fine arts the deck boards a different colour to the railings or balustrades around it. Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. Contribute to our site If laying grooved deck boards facing upwards, position the screws at the bottom of a groove. And when it comes to finding your favourite decking to match the look you’re after, our decking buying guide will help. Learn more: Decking for your project. Decking can be a great acquisition in a garden that kids enjoy. We asked This Old House general contractor Tom Silva to demonstrate the proper techniques for building a small, simple on-grade deck. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. When cutting long boards, ensure the board is adequately positioned and safely held in place so the timber does not drop or get ‘thrown’ by the blade. Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is supernatant by a suitable block or slab. Writers wanted The fasteners create the required 6mm discourse gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. (By code, any step down to the finish decking, which sits atop the ledger, must be 4 to 7¾ inches below the door sill. Contribute to our site Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. It’s best to ask someone to hold the timber in place for you whilst you drill the holes. They'll also straightaway transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. Insert 6mm x 100mm screws through the holes in the wall plate and hang galvanised or plastic washers on the end. Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. If you need to add an angled board because your garden is sloping then start by attaching packers to the main joist frame, this will give you something to secure the fascia onto. An unsupported solid composite deck board overhang should not exceed 13mm. Before you begin, ensure you plan your deck cautiously – ideally the boards plus treatment gaps (usually 5mm) should finish completely flush with the outer facings of the framework. Guest post Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your balusters and deck posts so they're even. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. Guest-blogger Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain protector. Place a post base atop a pier, position it so it will not interfere with joist hangers, and mark its location. They're free in three, four and six step options. The deck shown here features a pressure-treated floor frame that’s supported by a ledger board and concrete piers, and topped with 5/4-inch decking. Lay and nail the next deck board as before. As well as being safe, they add a decorative touch, so are not solely for raised decking, but for ground-level decking too. Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. Fill with concrete, using a shovel to work out air pockets (above). If the joist is less than 50mm, widen the joist with an off-cut joist and fix the hidden fasteners to the joists as shown. It also tends to be a quicker and more cheap option than finance in hardstanding patio materials, such as flagstones of block paving. Squeeze dabs of adhesive onto the top edge of each joist. Hand tighten the screws into the wall plugs before using a drill and driver bit to secure them. Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the deck's front rim joist. Watch our step-by-step guide to find out how. A stress free, visceral experience. Line up the adjoining outer joists and drill a pilot hole through the centre of the recess, from the outer joist into the neighboring outer joist.


How to add steps & railing to decking guest post by

Measure and cut a 600mm section and mark at 300mm to show where the centre point is. Position the first baluster, checking it's straight with a spirit level. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. Fit a side rim joist into a front hanger, and square the corner. Blog for us Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. You must Register or Login to post a comment. Tighten the screws of the fasteners in the first row. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. Want to contribute to our website Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to woodwork. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. From initial conception, to your dream garden. It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. An on-grade deck—one built just above the ground—doesn't require posts, steps, or railings. Drill a 3⅜-inch pilot hole through the ledger and into the house's rim joist at each spacer, succeeding a zigzag pattern. There are lots of ways you can use this versatile horticulture option in your garden. Guest author Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. To work out how many internal joists are needed, measure 400mm from the centre of the external joists and draw a mark. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Choose between mains-powered or solar-powered lights and silver or black surrounds, so you can match them to your desired look. Once smoothened down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. You may need to stagger the boards across your deck, and when the ends of the deck boards meet, they will need to be latched to a joist with four hidden fasteners (two for each end of the board). At each footing location, dig a hole wide enough to hold the footing form and deep enough to extend below frost line. With the first row in place, you can now start the second row - remembering to include the under consideration expansion gap between the boards. Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. The spacing of your inner joists is mutualist on your chosen decking design. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. Suggest a post Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. If laying grooved deck boards facing upwards, position the screws at the bottom of a groove. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Don’t cut down a tree - build your deck around it by including a bit more sub-structure to frame the trunk. If the joist is 50mm or wider, the join and 3mm expansion gap will be in the middle of the joist, surrounded by four hidden fasteners. You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. Screw the step assembly securely to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. Guest poster wanted Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. A gauge screw makes an ideal spacer or use off-cuts of wood. Sponsored post by Clamp the deck board, face side up, in a workbench and slowly cut along the line. Cut a strip of self-adhering waterproof membrane 6 inches wide and the same length as the ledger. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line downwards. A basic open stair is all that’s necessary on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Guest posts If you are adding a fascia then you will need to countersink the screws. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. If the deck boards on the end row overhang the joist frame, consider accelerando or reduction the expansion gaps of timber deck boards by the recommended amount. Guest posts wanted It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. This is a guest post by Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Sponsored post Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Decking with a curved edge can help to create a softer finish to your garden design and looks great with bark, gravel or grass against the curved edge. Repeat this for the rest of the joists, but always make sure the top of the joist is flush with the frame before securing. Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. If laying straight onto the ground, jump to Step 3b. Once smoothened down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. You can also countersink the holes to get a electric sander finish. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. Watch our step-by-step guide to find out how. The grooved side edges of solid composite boards accommodate a hidden fastening system, which allows for a smooth finish across the deck floor. Guest posting Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). Submit guest article Both timber and solid composite deck boards are cut in the same way. Contribute to our site Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. From this line, measure down 1/16 inch per foot of the pier's distance from the house, plus the height of the rim joist and post base. These marks are where the coach screws will go. Mark pilot holes 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the outer frame, and drill using a 6mm drill bit. For help on this, head to the 'How to square a site' section of our How to build a raised deck article for more advice. The following step-by-step instructions show you how to lay all timber deck boards, including Walksure or Grassedeck boards. This post was written by Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. If you are building a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. Some items are needed for multiple stages in the process, but are only listed once, so be sure to check the steps for further detail. Remove post base and bore into pier with a hammer drill volumed with a masonry bit. Tack 8d finish nails into the joists alongside the first board to record logical spacing. To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. Screw these to the inside fo the frame at each corner, ensuring they’re flush with the top. Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. Remove the thinned sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its structural integrity. Split a concrete block in two using a brick bolster. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. If laying grooved deck boards facing upwards, position the screws at the bottom of a groove. This will ensure the board is firmly secured to the decking frame. Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if necessity. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. You can inset borders into your decking as a bit of a feature, this is particularly handy if you have well established plants growing in the area you want to deck. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. If your decking has an obstacle, such as a drain, add extra noggings around it for additional support. You must Register or Login to post a comment. This is a guest post by Remove the thinned sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its structural integrity. Mark the location of each joist on the board. The following step-by-step instructions show you how to lay all timber deck boards, including Walksure or Grassedeck boards. Our How to video below will take you through the easy steps. Guest post guidelines Lay out the joist frame and position the deck boards on top, creating the necessary deck board expansion gaps.


How to add steps & railing to decking guest posters wanted

A raised timber deck can offer the perfect outdoor space, providing a seemless link between the home and garden and helping to bring the outside in. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Alternatively, go for deck tiles instead of deck boards for a diametrical design. Guest article Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers at both ends of the ledger and flush with its bottom edge, using joist hanger nails. You may need to stagger the boards across your deck, and when the ends of the deck boards meet, they will need to be latched to a joist with four hidden fasteners (two for each end of the board). Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Guest author If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into office and skip to step 6. Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link several levels of the deck. The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. To join the frame, mark and drill pilot holes before fixing two external grade 150mm timber drive screws into each corner. Want to write for And when it comes to finding your favourite decking to match the look you’re after, our decking buying guide will help. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. The following step-by-step instructions show you how to lay all timber deck boards, including Walksure or Grassedeck boards. Looking for guest posts To attach them, put the nogging into position and add packers if indispensable. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. Repeat with the other side rim joist. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Submit guest post We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an attractive culmination touch. Railings or balustrade are a must-have on raised decking to make sure it is safe to use. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the needed level, then secure it to the other corner post. Notched posts are peculiarly profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. Position the last board into fasteners, overhanging the outer joist. They'll also straightaway transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. Many of the skills you’ll learn can also be applied to more complex projects, such as curved decks – but for elaborate designs you may prefer to call in the professionals. Guest posting rules Put the cut deck board into position in line with the chalk line. Hand tighten the screws into the wall plugs before using a drill and driver bit to secure them. They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. Articles wanted Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many distinguish step treads as you require. Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. Become an author We asked This Old House general contractor Tom Silva to demonstrate the proper techniques for building a small, simple on-grade deck. This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in building a raised timber deck. If you are building a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. Sponsored post: If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. From this line, measure up 40mm from the bottom and down 40mm from the top, and mark two pilot hole guides. Guest post: Create a appropriately sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by positioning crosswise and vertical deck tiles (pictured). Tack 8d finish nails into the joists alongside the first board to record logical spacing. Solid composite deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. Block off the area around the tree by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists, secured either end with two coach screws. Use a trowel to create a slope in the postcrete so that rainwater runs away from the post on all sides. Lots of cuts: Use a mitre saw (also known as a chop saw). Squeeze dabs of adhesive onto the top edge of each joist. Set up batter boards and mason's strings and determine footing locations at the deck's outside corners and at 8-foot intervals along the front rim joist. Choose complemental colours like greys and whites or mix it up with a bold colour different with natural wood. When marking out where to position noggings, bear in mind that they can't be spaced more than 1200mm apart and that it's easiest to stagger them to avoid having to skew screws when securing them. At each footing location, dig a hole wide enough to hold the footing form and deep enough to extend below frost line. Using the lines you drew as a guide, pre drill guide holes into the second groove in from each side. Hold each step stringer in position and mark the edges onto the frame. Measure the hold from the wall to the outside of the trim board and add 1 inch for overhang. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to woodwork. If you're extending your deck further than the length of a joist, clamp the joist sections end to end in a workbench. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. The following list of tools and materials includes everything you will need to lay a basic, ground-level deck. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Place a section of block into each of the holes, making sure they are firmly in place. If you are adding a fascia then you will need to countersink the screws. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Apply it over the ledger-to-house joint so one leg covers the top of the spacer blocks and ledger and the other leg extends up the wall. Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by positioning crosswise and vertical deck tiles (pictured). Drill a 3⅜-inch pilot hole through the ledger and into the house's rim joist at each spacer, succeeding a zigzag pattern. Guest posting guidelines Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses into each of the eight marks. Want to write an article If you want to minimise the appearance of joists through the spaces between your deck boards, paint the top of them black. When thinking about the shape and size of your deck, plan it around the planting design you want to have in that area. A gauge screw makes an ideal spacer or use off-cuts of wood. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. For more on caring for your timber decking, check out our how to guide. Lay out the joist frame and position the deck boards on top, creating the necessary deck board expansion gaps. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. Building a simple timber deck is a within reason aboveboard DIY job. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. We propose the following products based on the scale of your project. Learn more: Decking for your project. If cutting a wide or thick piece of timber, clamp a straight-edge along the marked line to provide a straight, accurate cut all the way through the timber. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. You can also countersink the fixing points to achieve a smoother finish. Submit a guest post Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. For more on caring for your timber decking, check out our how to guide. From this line, measure down 1/16 inch per foot of the pier's distance from the house, plus the height of the rim joist and post base. Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. From this line, measure down 1/16 inch per foot of the pier's distance from the house, plus the height of the rim joist and post base. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. We recommend adding concrete pads as they're not only great for stabilising your deck; they'll ensure your decking lasts longer. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Be sure to use a sharp hole that will leave a clean hole. Stagger any butt joints by varying board lengths, making sure joints fall in the middle of post anchors. You can lay decking at different heights and levels, depending on the shape and surface of your garden.


How to add steps & railing to decking guest posting guidelines

When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Tack 8d finish nails into the joists alongside the first board to record logical spacing. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Guest contributor guidelines When the concrete has set off (is completely dry), cover the whole area with weed control fabric (making cut-outs for the concrete pads) and a layer of gravel (40 to 50mm in depth). To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. These marks are where the coach screws will go. Mark the screw locations in pencil, ensuring that they're at least 15mm from the end of the board and at least 20mm from the outside edges. If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. Then, place a concrete block into the hole, but do not install the posts at this stage. For help on this, head to the 'How to square a site' section of our How to build a raised deck article for more advice. For more on this, head to the 'Which decking design?' section of our planning article. But it has the same structural elements as any deck—ledger, joists, beams and piers. Place a post base atop a pier, position it so it will not interfere with joist hangers, and mark its location. Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. If the joist is less than 50mm, widen the joist with an off-cut joist and fix the hidden fasteners to the joists as shown. Screw these to the inside fo the frame at each corner, ensuring they’re flush with the top. The spacing of your inner joists is mutualist on your chosen decking design. Publish your guest post This line will be the guideline for attaching the wall plate to the wall so extend this line across the full width of the decking if possible. Then, move your joists into position. On larger decks, set joists at 400mm centres. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. This could work especially well on a decking split over two levels. Screw the decking screws into the pilot holes. Screw the decking screws into the pilot holes. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Guest post courtesy of If you are building a fixed deck that joins onto a house then you will need to attach a wall plate. Looking for guest posts Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. Start by measuring the distance between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. Insert 6mm x 100mm screws through the holes in the wall plate and hang galvanised or plastic washers on the end. Contributing writer We asked This Old House general contractor Tom Silva to demonstrate the proper techniques for building a small, simple on-grade deck. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. Position the assembled steps against the sub-frame of the deck and in the centre of the step support pad. If you need to avoid any obstacles, such as a pipe, then measure and cut the joist consequently. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. Secure each end of the deck board with an 8d finish nail. So, whatsoever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. Repeat this at each end of the four sections of the frame. Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the doubled side rim joists and beams. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. Want to write an article Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. Want to write a post Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. If necessary, drill a pilot hole to prevent rending. From this line, measure down 1/16 inch per foot of the pier's distance from the house, plus the height of the rim joist and post base. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. Timber deck boards require a 5 to 8mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Suggest a post They're free in three, four and six step options. Want to contribute to our website Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. It's key that the concrete pads are positioned in the exact places and that they're all square for the deck joists. Choose what surface your decking is going to be laid on. Publish your guest post Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Cut sections of joist to length. Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. Make sure the post is statant before continuing. Stagger any butt joints by varying board lengths, making sure joints fall in the middle of post anchors. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Add gravel and smooth as you go. If your decking is going to be longer than the decking joists, you will need to join two sections together. You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised cabbage-like patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark. Don't go too fast when using a jigsaw or the cut might not be as guileless as you want it. Continue the process until you finish your raised timber deck. Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. Drill a 3⅜-inch pilot hole through the ledger and into the house's rim joist at each spacer, succeeding a zigzag pattern. Submitting a guest post You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by positioning crosswise and vertical deck tiles (pictured). The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Start by measuring the distance between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Sponsored post: A raised timber deck can offer the perfect outdoor space, providing a seemless link between the home and garden and helping to bring the outside in. When the concrete has set off (is completely dry), cover the whole area with weed control fabric (making cut-outs for the concrete pads) and a layer of gravel (40 to 50mm in depth). Then, fit and toenail the joists through the hangers. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm outer grade screws. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. Building a simple timber deck is a within reason aboveboard DIY job. Guest posting guidelines Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is supernatant by a suitable block or slab. A raised timber deck can offer the perfect outdoor space, providing a seemless link between the home and garden and helping to bring the outside in. When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. For advice on cleaning, painting and caring for your decking, check out our useful guide, How to clean, paint & care for your decking. Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. Lay and nail the next deck board as before. Our example is of decking that is:. Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. Contributing writer Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Whether you just want to relax in the sun, hold guests or you need an personable feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. Clamp the deck board, face side up, in a workbench and slowly cut along the line. With the first board in place, slide the hidden fastener into the grooved edge of the deck board. Guest posting rules Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is perfectly straight and well secured. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Secure it with eight coach bolts sunk from the outside of the frame. Choose what surface your decking is going to be laid on. Guest contributor guidelines Secure the clips with screws (these are supplied as part of the start clip) using a long number 1 square drill bit, also supplied in the pack.


How to add steps & railing to decking guest post opportunities

Don't go too fast when using a jigsaw or the cut might not be as guileless as you want it. Clamp the deck board, face side up, in a workbench and slowly cut along the line. The diameter of the saw's blade determines how wide and thick the cutting material can be. Guest-post Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts parallel with the angle of the steps. With the pilot holes drilled, it's now time to fit the coach screws. If the joist is 50mm or wider, the join and 3mm expansion gap will be in the middle of the joist, surrounded by four hidden fasteners. Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. They're free in three, four and six step options. Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. Follow our step-by-step guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use leftover boards. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. Use a spirit level and straight edge to check that the pads are level with each other, and if not, use a brick trowel to level off the highest points while the concrete is still semi-dry. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm feature grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Stagger the deck board joins across the deck for greater strength, and arrange them in a regular pattern for an fetching finish. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Support the joists with additional legs, spaced at 1m intervals. Then, measure and mark pilot hole guides 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers on the ends of the front rim joist's inner 2xs. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. For an attractive finish, and to aid drainage around your decking, simply add some gravel. Use a combination square to mark an right line across the deck board. Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. Fit and nail each beam as represented above. Assemble footing and pier forms reported to the manufacturer's instructions, then position one in each hole. If laying the deck over lawn, mark out the area then dig out to a depth of 50mm. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. Like timber decking, solid complex boards require expansion gaps. Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. If laying the deck over lawn, mark out the area then dig out to a depth of 50mm. The fasteners create the required 6mm discourse gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more stability and a neat finish if you fancy. Position the assembled steps against the sub-frame of the deck and in the centre of the step support pad. Submit content You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. (Joints between ledger boards should fall on a spacer. Guest post This Old House general declarer Tom Silva's method for constructing a bounteous on-grade deck. Be open minded when it comes to the shape of your decking and design it to best fit your space. Merge navy and white for a shipping design or black and grey to get a present-day and stylish look. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. TIP: Decking laid at right angles to the house makes for a stronger front edge. You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an interesting effect. (If more than one strip of experience is needed, overlap the ends by 3 inches and bed them in siliconized acrylic caulk. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Decking with a curved edge can help to create a softer finish to your garden design and looks great with bark, gravel or grass against the curved edge. Repeat this at the opposite end of the board, as this will ensure the board remains straight, and then work down the board, fixing the screws into each joist below. If you build a tall enough frame, you can even use the space underneath your decking as additional garden storage. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. An extra pair of hands, or packers, may be required to hold the joist in place whilst you do this. This will ensure the board is firmly secured to the decking frame. Fitting solid complex decking doesn't require any specialist tools – you can use the same as if you were fitting a timber deck - the fixings just require a contrary technique. ) Lay a heterosexual deck board in the adhesive so its long edge overhangs the trim board by 1 inch. If you want to minimise the appearance of joists through the spaces between your deck boards, paint the top of them black. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Suggest a post The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. Guest post opportunities Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. A stress free, visceral experience. These will act as extra support for your steps and can be staggered into business and secured like the previous noggings in the frame. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. Guest post- Clamp the deck board, face side up, in a workbench and slowly cut along the line. And get creative with leftover deck boards. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm feature grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Solid composite deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. When cutting solid composite boards, we recommend a 254 to 305mm saw blade with 40 teeth or less for the best results. Drill a 3⅜-inch pilot hole through the ledger and into the house's rim joist at each spacer, succeeding a zigzag pattern. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. Put the wall plate into position in line with your guideline and use packers to support the timber if needs be. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. After checking its level with a spirit level, drill in countersunk pilot holes and screw it into the deck posts. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an extra joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Reposition post base, insert an anchor bolt, and tighten with an impact wrench. Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. Follow manufacturer's instructions for setting time. Both timber and solid composite deck boards are cut in the same way. Measure your deck frame and cut to size. Rectangular or square-shaped decks are traditional and create clean, angular lines in your garden landscape. Move the wall plate away and complete the holes by drilling now into the wall. Fit and nail each beam as represented above. To raise the frame, cut four blocks of tanalised timber to the desired height. The following step-by-step instructions show you how to lay all timber deck boards, including Walksure or Grassedeck boards. Guest blogger Repeat with the other side joist, removing mason's strings as necessary. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. Cut the deck boards to this length. Double check that each post is vertical then secure in place with postcrete. And get creative with leftover deck boards. Many of the skills you’ll learn can also be applied to more complex projects, such as curved decks – but for elaborate designs you may prefer to call in the professionals. Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if necessity. Guest post: Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the needed level, then secure it to the other corner post. Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. Nail paint-grade trim boards as wide as the rim joists to their outside faces with two 8d hot-dipped galvanized or stainless finish nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Put the cut deck board into position in line with the chalk line. Secure the front rim joist 2x to the post bases with hanger nails. Guest post courtesy of It’s best to ask someone to hold the timber in place for you whilst you drill the holes. Guest post courtesy of To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. Both timber and solid composite deck boards are cut in the same way. Use a baluster lined up with the groove in the handrail to work out the position of the baserail. As well as being safe, they add a decorative touch, so are not solely for raised decking, but for ground-level decking too. Squeeze a bead of polyurethane marine sealant on the top edge of a side rim joist. A gauge screw makes an ideal spacer or use off-cuts of wood. Publish your guest post Building a simple timber deck is a within reason aboveboard DIY job. Guest post policy Secure the board and create a clear chalk line.


How to Build a Deck guest article

To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. And check that all gaps created are the same for a clad finish. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. Consider using a layered surface deck board, such as the Walksure or Grassedeck deck boards, for your steps. This step-by-step guide is supplied politeness of TradesSupermarket. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. This post was written by To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. Guest post policy Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more stability and a neat finish if you fancy. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Move the wall plate away and complete the holes by drilling now into the wall. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Potential laying patterns for decking include: horizontal, diagonal, chevron (zig-zag like parquet flooring) and picture frame (boards in a distinct orientation to frame the decking) deck boards. Now just follow Tom’s tips and build your own backyard oasis. Guest posting Build a planter from decking by succeeding the steps in our video below. Publish your guest post A straight-edged deck is also easier to conception than one with a curved edge. A stress free, visceral experience. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by positioning crosswise and vertical deck tiles (pictured). Choose complemental colours like greys and whites or mix it up with a bold colour different with natural wood. Then position the corner post on the contiguous side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. A stress free, visceral experience. Guest posts wanted Many of the skills you’ll learn can also be applied to more complex projects, such as curved decks – but for elaborate designs you may prefer to call in the professionals. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. Contributing writer Choose what surface your decking is going to be laid on. Submit content Move the wall plate away and complete the holes by drilling now into the wall. Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. This step-by-step guide is supplied politeness of TradesSupermarket. If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into office and skip to step 6. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. So, whatsoever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. Remove post base and bore into pier with a hammer drill volumed with a masonry bit. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. The hidden fastening system creates a uniformed 6mm expansion gap between boards when fitted width to width, and a 3mm gap fitted end to end. 2m apart) and fix the first notched post to the sub-frame with coach screws. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Secure it with eight coach bolts sunk from the outside of the frame. Complement the decking by edging it with paving, giving it a contemporary look. Guest blogger guidelines When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is perfectly straight and well secured. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. For the rest of the boards, always screw into the second groove from each side and fix to the frame with 64mm decking screws. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. Measure and cut a 600mm section and mark at 300mm to show where the centre point is. When cutting long boards, ensure the board is adequately positioned and safely held in place so the timber does not drop or get ‘thrown’ by the blade. It's key that the concrete pads are positioned in the exact places and that they're all square for the deck joists. Learn more: Decking for your project. Again, do not fully tighten the screws. Contribute to our site Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Merge navy and white for a shipping design or black and grey to get a present-day and stylish look. If you are attaching a fascia board, allow for an overhang and screw through the third groove in from the outside edge of the deck board. Start by marking a stand-up line that ultimately the end of the wall plate will be placed against. You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). Become an author Measure across the inside of the frame at your joist marks, then cut lengths of the tanalised timber to suit. Mark the exact location of the top of the ledger. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an thing beginning. Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. Submit content Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Whether you just want to relax in the sun, hold guests or you need an personable feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. Then drive six 16d nails through the face of the front rim joist into the end of the side rim joist. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Accepting guest posts You can choose between railing kits, or you can design your own with balustrade screens and posts. Then, measure and mark pilot hole guides 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. Use two decking screws where each board meets a joist. An unsupported solid composite deck board overhang should not exceed 13mm. Apply it over the waterproof membrane. The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. And check that all gaps created are the same for a clad finish. Align the ledger with the tops of the spacers and nail it to the wall at each spacer with a 16d nail. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position. Contributing writer You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. Put the wall plate into position in line with your guideline and use packers to support the timber if needs be. Then, measure and mark pilot hole guides 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. Why not try integration both raised and ground level decking into your design to create divergent platforms? This is a really eye-catching way to lay decking. If you need to cut a deck board to accommodate an obstacle, create a template and mark the saw guideline onto the wood, then cut with a jigsaw. There's no need to sand or treat solid complex deck boards. Guest column Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Use a combination square to mark an right line across the deck board. Become a guest blogger Consider using a layered surface deck board, such as the Walksure or Grassedeck deck boards, for your steps. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. Publish your guest post Install the next set of hidden fasteners on the other side of the second board in the same manner as before. You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an interesting effect. Check that the posts are vertical as you go. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. We recommend drilling pilot holes for the screws to help prevent the wood from splitting. Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. Make sure that any gap between the baserail and the decking boards isn't more than 75mm. Submitting a guest post On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Hold the board flush with the top of the step stringer and predrill your holes. Guest post opportunities An unsupported solid composite deck board overhang should not exceed 13mm. Clamp the baserail in place, and fix it to the deck posts with countersunk screws. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. Or go bold by slotting it between your deck boards for a truly tailored design (pictured). Guest article Secure the three sections in your worktable or saw horse, ensuring that the 300mm mark lines up with the join in the joists. Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. Pot plants are the easiest way to incorporate plants into your deck design, but a border around the edge of your decking is a great way to frame it with your contender shrubs and plants. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. Check the positioning of the piers and adjust if necessary. Apply a protective treatment to any cut or recessed timber - be it deck boards, joists or posts - before grouping. Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Use a mutual saw or jigsaw to score the post. Guest post by To determine each pier's finish height, run a level line from the top of the ledger to the pier tube. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Guest-post Whether you go for atmospheric garden string lights draped around the edges, cosy lanterns, or built-in decking lights, ignition is a great way to brighten up your decking. Guest post opportunities Deep cuts (the timber is thicker than the cutting depth of the mitre saw): Use a panel saw if only making a few cuts, or a circular saw if making lots of cuts. Build a planter from decking by succeeding the steps in our video below.


How to plan & build a raised deck guest contributor guidelines

Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Our LED decking lights come in either blue or white and look great set into decking steps or between decking levels. Drive roofing nails through the flashing's top edge every 8 inches. Apply it over the ledger-to-house joint so one leg covers the top of the spacer blocks and ledger and the other leg extends up the wall. Align the top of each spacer with the chalk line and fasten with a 6d nail. You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if necessity. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. Lots of cuts: Use a mitre saw (also known as a chop saw). Get an accurate, detailed cost breakdown of your project. Use a mutual saw or jigsaw to score the post. Cut sections of joist to length. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm outer grade screws. Consider using a layered surface deck board, such as the Walksure or Grassedeck deck boards, for your steps. They're ideal if there's a shape to cut and work well cutting notches and curves in deck boards around obstacles such as posts. It also tends to be a quicker and more cheap option than finance in hardstanding patio materials, such as flagstones of block paving. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Or go bold by slotting it between your deck boards for a truly tailored design (pictured). For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. Guest-post Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Create a string line around the four corner posts. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. (This adhesive actually fastens the decking in place. Sponsored post From this line, measure up 40mm from the bottom and down 40mm from the top, and mark two pilot hole guides. Measure and cut lengths of handrail, then mitre the corners for a neat finish. If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. Our complex decking is in stock in fascinating colours including deep red, brown and grey so that you can choose one that works with your garden design. Repeat this process at 600mm intervals down the length of the wall plate. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. Repeat this process at 600mm intervals down the length of the wall plate. Guest posters wanted Repeat this at the opposite end of the board, as this will ensure the board remains straight, and then work down the board, fixing the screws into each joist below. Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. Submit an article Read on to kickstart your inspiration for your decking project. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Guest-blogger Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Submit blog post Create a string line around the four corner posts. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. Guest posting guidelines Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. Want to contribute to our website Rest the joist's opposite end on a corner pier. (Add more nails only if a board does not lie straight or flat. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Using the lines you drew as a guide, pre drill guide holes into the second groove in from each side. If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. Or switch them around for a contrasting look. Trim pier tubes at these marks. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. This isn't possible for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of expansion gap. Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the deck's front rim joist. Guest post policy Or go bold by slotting it between your deck boards for a truly tailored design (pictured). Blog for us Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. Want to write a post Remove post base and bore into pier with a hammer drill volumed with a masonry bit. Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is perfectly straight and well secured. With the first board in place, slide the hidden fastener into the grooved edge of the deck board. To determine each pier's finish height, run a level line from the top of the ledger to the pier tube. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. A raised deck is a good option for sloped or uneven gardens as a way of creating a flat surface for a dining table or a seating area. Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. The deck shown here features a pressure-treated floor frame that’s supported by a ledger board and concrete piers, and topped with 5/4-inch decking. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Start by measuring the distance between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Use a combination square to mark an right line across the deck board. You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. Follow our step-by-step guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use leftover boards. A basic open stair is all that’s necessary on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Guest post courtesy of The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. (If more than one strip of experience is needed, overlap the ends by 3 inches and bed them in siliconized acrylic caulk. If the deck boards on the end row overhang the joist frame, consider accelerando or reduction the expansion gaps of timber deck boards by the recommended amount. (Joints between ledger boards should fall on a spacer. If the joist is 50mm or wider, the join and 3mm expansion gap will be in the middle of the joist, surrounded by four hidden fasteners. Guest blogger Assemble footing and pier forms reported to the manufacturer's instructions, then position one in each hole. Fit a side rim joist into a joist hanger at one end of the ledger, square the corner, and toenail through the hanger into the ledger with 16d nails. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Secure each end of the deck board with an 8d finish nail. Screw the step assembly securely to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. Writers wanted Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. Like timber decking, solid complex boards require expansion gaps. Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Screw the step assembly securely to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. Submit blog post Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. If you are building a fixed deck that joins onto a house then you will need to attach a wall plate. You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an interesting effect. Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your balusters and deck posts so they're even. When drilling large or deep holes into solid composite decking, sporadically lift the drill bit out of each hole and remove the shavings with a gentle blow. (This adhesive actually fastens the decking in place. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. The following instructions show you how to put together a sub-frame. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. This Old House general declarer Tom Silva's method for constructing a bounteous on-grade deck. Building a simple timber deck is a within reason aboveboard DIY job. A stress free, visceral experience. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as possible and covering all of the area under the deck. Submit an article Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Submit guest post Measure the hold from the wall to the outside of the trim board and add 1 inch for overhang. When thinking about the shape and size of your deck, plan it around the planting design you want to have in that area. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level.


How to plan and lay a deck guest author

Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. With the pilot holes drilled, it's now time to fit the coach screws. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. (By code, any step down to the finish decking, which sits atop the ledger, must be 4 to 7¾ inches below the door sill. Before you begin, ensure you plan your deck cautiously – ideally the boards plus treatment gaps (usually 5mm) should finish completely flush with the outer facings of the framework. Our example is of decking that is:. Then, fit and toenail the joists through the hangers. Build a planter from decking by succeeding the steps in our video below. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. This post was written by The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Rectangular or square-shaped decks are traditional and create clean, angular lines in your garden landscape. Then fix it to the handrail and baserail with countersunk screws. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. Lay out the joist frame and position the deck boards on top, creating the necessary deck board expansion gaps. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. Prepare a level, weed-free area for the deck. When the concrete has set off (is completely dry), cover the whole area with weed control fabric (making cut-outs for the concrete pads) and a layer of gravel (40 to 50mm in depth). Our complex decking is in stock in fascinating colours including deep red, brown and grey so that you can choose one that works with your garden design. Stagger any butt joints by varying board lengths, making sure joints fall in the middle of post anchors. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. Want to write a post From this line, measure down 1/16 inch per foot of the pier's distance from the house, plus the height of the rim joist and post base. Choose complemental colours like greys and whites or mix it up with a bold colour different with natural wood. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. The fasteners create the required 6mm discourse gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into office and skip to step 6. Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link several levels of the deck. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Contribute to this site Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Our How to video below will take you through the easy steps. Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Guest post by Both timber and solid composite deck boards are cut in the same way. Clamp the deck board, face side up, in a workbench and slowly cut along the line. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. Guest post courtesy of Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Rectangular or square-shaped decks are traditional and create clean, angular lines in your garden landscape. All you need to be winning at DIY deck building are some basic carpentry tools and the desire to invest a little sweat equity. These steps are incumbent for laying both timber and solid composite deck boards. Like timber decking, solid complex boards require expansion gaps. You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an interesting effect. Guest-post Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. Measure the interval between the end of the angled board and the ground, when doing this remove 5mm as you don’t want the board to be touching the ground at any point. Articles wanted So a rim joist spanning 10 feet requires two 2x10s. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Become a guest blogger Repeat this at each end of the four sections of the frame. Deep cuts (the timber is thicker than the cutting depth of the mitre saw): Use a panel saw if only making a few cuts, or a circular saw if making lots of cuts. Notched posts are peculiarly profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Guest article These marks are where the coach screws will go. Be sure to use a sharp hole that will leave a clean hole. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Adding lighting to your decking means that you can enjoy the area long after the sun goes down. Scarf any joints in the run; miter joints at the corners. Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. Guest blogger guidelines Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Lots of cuts: Use a mitre saw (also known as a chop saw). Decking can be a great acquisition in a garden that kids enjoy. Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line downwards. Start by deciding how far to space your deck posts (they shouldn't be any more than 1. Fit and nail each beam as represented above. Decking can be a great acquisition in a garden that kids enjoy. Next, clamp a length of bannister into move with its grooved edge facing down. When installation the last board, there are two options. Mark on the fascia where the far end of your angled board will be and measure along to your line on the top fascia. Guest-post Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. Want to write for Measure the interval between the end of the angled board and the ground, when doing this remove 5mm as you don’t want the board to be touching the ground at any point. Accepting guest posts Deep cuts (the timber is thicker than the cutting depth of the mitre saw): Use a panel saw if only making a few cuts, or a circular saw if making lots of cuts. To join the frame, mark and drill pilot holes before fixing two external grade 150mm timber drive screws into each corner. Start by deciding how far to space your deck posts (they shouldn't be any more than 1. Or switch them around for a contrasting look. When cutting solid composite boards, we recommend a 254 to 305mm saw blade with 40 teeth or less for the best results. Measure and mark the deck board at the desired length. Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. For soft ground, place paving stones on top of the gravel; this will support the joists and preserve the timber. Contribute to this site (This adhesive actually fastens the decking in place. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. Apply it over the ledger-to-house joint so one leg covers the top of the spacer blocks and ledger and the other leg extends up the wall. The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. Guest post Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. If your decking has an obstacle, such as a drain, add extra noggings around it for additional support. Position the saw on a sturdy, flat surface (such as a workbench) and clamp it into place. So, whatsoever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. Submit blog post A gauge screw makes an ideal spacer or use off-cuts of wood. Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). Guest post guidelines Many of the skills you’ll learn can also be applied to more complex projects, such as curved decks – but for elaborate designs you may prefer to call in the professionals. They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. You can lay decking at different heights and levels, depending on the shape and surface of your garden. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. Position the saw on a sturdy, flat surface (such as a workbench) and clamp it into place. If you add a handrail and balustrades they'll turn a functional staircase into an attractive feature as well as helping to prevent slips and falls. Put the cut deck board into position in line with the chalk line. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Guest-post Secure the step stringer in place with countersunk 100mm screws, repeat this process on all exposed sides of the bracing. Screw the decking screws into the pilot holes. Guest post opportunities To determine each pier's finish height, run a level line from the top of the ledger to the pier tube. Suggest a post Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. If you are attaching fascia boards to the decking, as we are here, then you’ll need to allow for an overhang. This will help you visualise the site. The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. Guest post by For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised cabbage-like patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. Drive roofing nails through the flashing's top edge every 8 inches. Support the joists with additional legs, spaced at 1m intervals. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an extra joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Measure your deck frame and cut to size. Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark.


Decking ideas submit content

Work out where exactly the pads are required and dig holes roughly 150mm square and 150mm deep at intervals of 1. Sponsored post A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to woodwork. All you need to be winning at DIY deck building are some basic carpentry tools and the desire to invest a little sweat equity. Use at least three screws per block, as these legs will be taking all the weight. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. A stress free, visceral experience. Want to write a post Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. If you need to cut a deck board to accommodate an obstacle, create a template and mark the saw guideline onto the wood, then cut with a jigsaw. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Get an accurate, detailed cost breakdown of your project. Guest column On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. This Old House general declarer Tom Silva's method for constructing a bounteous on-grade deck. Create a string line around the four corner posts. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. Consider using a layered surface deck board, such as the Walksure or Grassedeck deck boards, for your steps. Hold each step stringer in position and mark the edges onto the frame. Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your balusters and deck posts so they're even. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. Guest posters wanted Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. Secure the board and create a clear chalk line. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. Use an edger to cut into the lawn for a straight cut, and then use a spade to remove the turf. If you are building a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. If you need to cut a deck board to accommodate an obstacle, create a template and mark the saw guideline onto the wood, then cut with a jigsaw. Make sure that any gap between the baserail and the decking boards isn't more than 75mm. The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm feature grade screws and the supplied socket bit. If you need to avoid any obstacles, such as a pipe, then measure and cut the joist consequently. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an interesting effect. Guest blogger Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. Guest posters wanted This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an thing beginning. Guest contributor guidelines Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. If you are building a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). Again, do not fully tighten the screws. Place the joist into position so that its centre lines up with the 400mm spacer mark. Mark each location, then temporarily remove the mason's strings. Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. If you need to cut a deck board to accommodate an obstacle, create a template and mark the saw guideline onto the wood, then cut with a jigsaw. Sponsored post: From each of the four marks, use a set square to draw a straight vertical line. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and English-Gothic architecture to the joists. Learn more: Decking for your project. Sponsored post Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. Mark the screw locations in pencil, ensuring that they're at least 15mm from the end of the board and at least 20mm from the outside edges. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Position the first baluster, checking it's straight with a spirit level. Because this board is overhanging, screw through the third groove of the outside edge and fix with a 64mm decking screw. Then position the corner post on the contiguous side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. Guest post courtesy of Because this board is overhanging, screw through the third groove of the outside edge and fix with a 64mm decking screw. Guest post policy Before you build the deck, the site needs to be properly prepped. If necessary, drill a pilot hole to prevent rending. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. To join your joists, start by measure and cutting the section you need to reach the required length. Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain protector. Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. Measure and cut lengths of handrail, then mitre the corners for a neat finish. If you need to cut a deck board to accommodate an obstacle, create a template and mark the saw guideline onto the wood, then cut with a jigsaw. Check the positioning of the piers and adjust if necessary. Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. As well as being safe, they add a decorative touch, so are not solely for raised decking, but for ground-level decking too. Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its position. If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. Sponsored post Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. Looking for guest posts Then, measure from the far end of the deck to the chalk line and cut a deck board to length. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers at both ends of the ledger and flush with its bottom edge, using joist hanger nails. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. Choose complemental colours like greys and whites or mix it up with a bold colour different with natural wood. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. Using the lines you drew as a guide, pre drill guide holes into the second groove in from each side. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. Secure with 64mm decking screws. Put the wall plate into position in line with your guideline and use packers to support the timber if needs be. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Trim pier tubes at these marks. Decking can be a great acquisition in a garden that kids enjoy. From that line, drop the board down by 10mm to allow for expansion and draw a level line using a spirit level. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. It’s best to ask someone to hold the timber in place for you whilst you drill the holes. Rest the joist's opposite end on a corner pier.


How to build a basic, ground-level deck guest contributor guidelines

So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Cut sections of joist to length. Our How to video below will take you through the easy steps. Want to write for Line up the adjoining outer joists and drill a pilot hole through the centre of the recess, from the outer joist into the neighboring outer joist. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. Fragrant roses growing up trellis or obelisks can be particularly effective for this. Hold each step stringer in position and mark the edges onto the frame. The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. Make sure that any gap between the baserail and the decking boards isn't more than 75mm. It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. A straight-edged deck is also easier to conception than one with a curved edge. We asked This Old House general contractor Tom Silva to demonstrate the proper techniques for building a small, simple on-grade deck. They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. Use at least three screws per block, as these legs will be taking all the weight. An existing patio or objective base can be used as a solid foundation for your deck. Submit blog post To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Set up batter boards and mason's strings and determine footing locations at the deck's outside corners and at 8-foot intervals along the front rim joist. Complement the decking by edging it with paving, giving it a contemporary look. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. You can inset borders into your decking as a bit of a feature, this is particularly handy if you have well established plants growing in the area you want to deck. Want to write a post Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. Then, fit and toenail the joists through the hangers. To avoid having to skew screws, it’s best to stagger the noggings; bear this in mind when readying where they will be positioned. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Squeeze dabs of adhesive onto the top edge of each joist. Countersink the facing and screw to the frame, ensuring the facing is flush with the top. Fragrant roses growing up trellis or obelisks can be particularly effective for this. Start by measuring the distance between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. So, whatsoever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. Timber deck boards require a 5 to 8mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. If you need to cut a deck board to accommodate an obstacle, create a template and mark the saw guideline onto the wood, then cut with a jigsaw. Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. Let us guide you through the stages providing a comprehensive guide to success; answering your questions every step of the way. Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. After checking its level with a spirit level, drill in countersunk pilot holes and screw it into the deck posts. Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. Start by measure and marking out your decking area. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. (In all cases, round up odd numbers or fractions to the next even number. Secure the board and create a clear chalk line. Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many distinguish step treads as you require. Consider using a layered surface deck board, such as the Walksure or Grassedeck deck boards, for your steps. Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. Guest posting guidelines If no hard garden exists there already, reflect laying an area of concrete or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Secure the clips with screws (these are supplied as part of the start clip) using a long number 1 square drill bit, also supplied in the pack. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. Submit blog post When marking out where to position noggings, bear in mind that they can't be spaced more than 1200mm apart and that it's easiest to stagger them to avoid having to skew screws when securing them. Guest posts Follow our step-by-step guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use leftover boards. Secure each end of the deck board with an 8d finish nail. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. An unsupported solid composite deck board overhang should not exceed 13mm. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses into each of the eight marks. If you have gaps that need filling, start by measuring the gaps and marking the needful size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm expansion gap on either side. Sponsored post Measure and cut the lengths of board that you need. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. Measure from this mark and repeat at 400mm intervals across the rest of the joist, making sure you never exceed the recommended spacing. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Don't go too fast when using a jigsaw or the cut might not be as guileless as you want it. Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. Guest posts In each hole insert a ½-inch lag screw and tighten it against a washer using an impact wrench or socket wrench. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Sponsored post: Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Find the centre point between posts and hammer a timber batten into place. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite command to the inner joists. Fit and nail each beam as represented above. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. Guest author When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. This line will be the guideline for attaching the wall plate to the wall so extend this line across the full width of the decking if possible. Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. And because the deck is only a one step high, no railing was required. Or switch them around for a contrasting look. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. This isn't possible for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of expansion gap. Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. This step-by-step guide is supplied politeness of TradesSupermarket. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. If the deck boards on the end row overhang the joist frame, consider accelerando or reduction the expansion gaps of timber deck boards by the recommended amount. Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonic the wood. Guest post opportunities Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. The frame should be at the needed level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. They're free in three, four and six step options. Make two pencil marks on each end of the deck frame's two outer joists - these are at right angles to the inner joists. Secure each end of the deck board with an 8d finish nail. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist.


Decking ideas submit an article

Guest post opportunities For an attractive finish, and to aid drainage around your decking, simply add some gravel. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. Use a mutual saw or jigsaw to score the post. Guest blogger Build a planter from decking by succeeding the steps in our video below. To join your joists, start by measure and cutting the section you need to reach the required length. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. Attach the fascia board flush with the deck surface and screw in the 63mm solid composite deck screws. When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. Write for us Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. If laying grooved deck boards facing upwards, position the screws at the bottom of a groove. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Use two decking screws where each board meets a joist. Then drive six 16d nails through the face of the front rim joist into the end of the side rim joist. When marking out where to position noggings, bear in mind that they can't be spaced more than 1200mm apart and that it's easiest to stagger them to avoid having to skew screws when securing them. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. Build a planter from decking by succeeding the steps in our video below. Contributing writer Learn more: Decking for your project. Submit post Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. From this line, measure up 40mm from the bottom and down 40mm from the top, and mark two pilot hole guides. Screw the decking screws into the pilot holes. Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. Accepting guest posts Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the needed level, then secure it to the other corner post. Sponsored post: Then position the corner post on the contiguous side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. Writers wanted Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts parallel with the angle of the steps. Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. Guest posting Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. They're ideal if there's a shape to cut and work well cutting notches and curves in deck boards around obstacles such as posts. Submit guest post Double check that each post is vertical then secure in place with postcrete. Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. Block off the area around the tree by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists, secured either end with two coach screws. Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. Mark the screw locations in pencil, ensuring that they're at least 15mm from the end of the board and at least 20mm from the outside edges. Secure the step stringer in place with countersunk 100mm screws, repeat this process on all exposed sides of the bracing. Want to write an article When cutting long boards, ensure the board is adequately positioned and safely held in place so the timber does not drop or get ‘thrown’ by the blade. Squeeze dabs of adhesive onto the top edge of each joist. Split a concrete block in two using a brick bolster. Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Accepting guest posts The following instructions show you how to put together a sub-frame. If you are building a fixed deck that joins onto a house then you will need to attach a wall plate. Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. Guest posts wanted This will mark the corner of the decking. Put the fascia into office and place small offcuts of wood or packers underneath the fascia to level it. To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. Stagger the deck board joins across the deck for greater strength, and arrange them in a regular pattern for an fetching finish. To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a befittingly sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. TIP: Decking laid at right angles to the house makes for a stronger front edge. Notched posts are peculiarly profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Allow the building material to cure for one week. Potential laying patterns for decking include: horizontal, diagonal, chevron (zig-zag like parquet flooring) and picture frame (boards in a distinct orientation to frame the decking) deck boards. Guest post policy Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. This could work especially well on a decking split over two levels. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Use a straightedge (a deck board is perfect for this) with a spirit level on top to check that the whole area is level, and level out any slight unevenness in the ground. Then, measure from the far end of the deck to the chalk line and cut a deck board to length. Secure the front rim joist 2x to the post bases with hanger nails. Screw the decking screws into the pilot holes. Contributor guidelines For soft ground, place paving stones on top of the gravel; this will support the joists and preserve the timber. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line downwards. If the joist is less than 50mm, widen the joist with an off-cut joist and fix the hidden fasteners to the joists as shown. Contribute to this site Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. When marking out where to position noggings, bear in mind that they can't be spaced more than 1200mm apart and that it's easiest to stagger them to avoid having to skew screws when securing them. Measure out lengths of joist to sit on the outer face of the sub-frame between the deck posts, and attach these with deck screws as you fix the posts. Learn more: Decking for your project. Be sure to check the most up-to-date Building Regulations. Cut a strip of self-adhering waterproof membrane 6 inches wide and the same length as the ledger. A gauge screw makes an ideal spacer or use off-cuts of wood. And because the deck is only a one step high, no railing was required. Secure the front rim joist 2x to the post bases with hanger nails. Measure your deck frame and cut to size. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. This is a guest post by Use an edger to cut into the lawn for a straight cut, and then use a spade to remove the turf. Measure across the inside of the frame at your joist marks, then cut lengths of the tanalised timber to suit. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. Remove the building's trim and siding to 1 foot above the top of where the ledger will sit. Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. Screw the step assembly securely to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. Use a baluster lined up with the groove in the handrail to work out the position of the baserail. Choose complemental colours like greys and whites or mix it up with a bold colour different with natural wood. Make sure that any gap between the baserail and the decking boards isn't more than 75mm. Block off the area around the tree by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists, secured either end with two coach screws. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. Writers wanted Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists. Become a guest blogger Mark the fascia board with a line at 50mm from each end. Choose between mains-powered or solar-powered lights and silver or black surrounds, so you can match them to your desired look. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. Install the next set of hidden fasteners on the other side of the second board in the same manner as before. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. We propose the following products based on the scale of your project. To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. Follow manufacturer's instructions for setting time. You may need to stagger the boards across your deck, and when the ends of the deck boards meet, they will need to be latched to a joist with four hidden fasteners (two for each end of the board). Guest column If you are building a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. On larger decks, set joists at 400mm centres. Use at least three screws per block, as these legs will be taking all the weight. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposition post and cut sections of joist to length. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the deck's front rim joist. Writers wanted Mark pilot holes 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the outer frame, and drill using a 6mm drill bit. We asked This Old House general contractor Tom Silva to demonstrate the proper techniques for building a small, simple on-grade deck. For the rest of the boards, always screw into the second groove from each side and fix to the frame with 64mm decking screws. Guest posting rules Repeat for the other 3 corners. Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. An extra pair of hands, or packers, may be required to hold the joist in place whilst you do this. It's key that the concrete pads are positioned in the exact places and that they're all square for the deck joists. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position.


How to plan & build a raised deck guest-blogger

If laying straight onto the ground, jump to Step 3b. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line downwards. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite command to the inner joists. Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. Create a appropriately sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm feature grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Fold the metal lengthwise to form a right angle. Do not fully tighten at this stage. Stick with one striking colour or combine more than one colour. They're free in three, four and six step options. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers on the ends of the front rim joist's inner 2xs. Remove the building's trim and siding to 1 foot above the top of where the ledger will sit. On larger decks, set joists at 400mm centres. Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. Then fix it to the handrail and baserail with countersunk screws. Then position the corner post on the contiguous side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. (Add more nails only if a board does not lie straight or flat. You must Register or Login to post a comment. Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Guest posting Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the banister. Rectangular or square-shaped decks are traditional and create clean, angular lines in your garden landscape. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposition post and cut sections of joist to length. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Then fix it to the handrail and baserail with countersunk screws. Work out where exactly the pads are required and dig holes roughly 150mm square and 150mm deep at intervals of 1. Blog for us If you are adding a fascia then you will need to countersink the screws. Guest-blogger Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. The deck shown here features a pressure-treated floor frame that’s supported by a ledger board and concrete piers, and topped with 5/4-inch decking. From that line, drop the board down by 10mm to allow for expansion and draw a level line using a spirit level. Building a simple timber deck is a within reason aboveboard DIY job. Stagger any butt joints by varying board lengths, making sure joints fall in the middle of post anchors. Suggest a post Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm drill bit. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many distinguish step treads as you require. Use two decking screws where each board meets a joist. Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is perfectly straight and well secured. Submitting a guest post Complete the doubled front rim joist by gluing and nailing the outer 2xs to the inner 2xs. Submit an article Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. Guest column Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Cover the area in a layer of weed control fabric and then 40mm to 50mm of gravel. Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your balusters and deck posts so they're even. An existing patio or objective base can be used as a solid foundation for your deck. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Position chairs and a table on the higher level, then set a sandpit into the lower platform so you can sit and relax in a sand-free area whilst keeping a watchful eye over your little ones. Read on to kickstart your inspiration for your decking project. Hold the board flush with the top of the step stringer and predrill your holes. Apply a protective treatment to any cut or recessed timber - be it deck boards, joists or posts - before grouping. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonic the wood. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Before you begin, ensure you plan your deck cautiously – ideally the boards plus treatment gaps (usually 5mm) should finish completely flush with the outer facings of the framework. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. Railings or balustrade are a must-have on raised decking to make sure it is safe to use. If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. So, whatsoever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is perfectly straight and well secured. These marks are where the coach screws will go. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Repeat this process at 600mm intervals down the length of the wall plate. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. Before you commit yourself to the build, it’s a good idea to do a dry run of the decking first as you don't want to finish the last row with a thin slither of deck board. Submit an article An unsupported solid composite deck board overhang should not exceed 13mm. (Joists, once inserted, should be flush with the top edge of the ledger, rim joists, and beams. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut accordingly. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. An unsupported solid composite deck board overhang should not exceed 13mm. Align the top of each spacer with the chalk line and fasten with a 6d nail. Complement the decking by edging it with paving, giving it a contemporary look. Do not fully tighten at this stage. The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. Fragrant roses growing up trellis or obelisks can be particularly effective for this. Stagger any butt joints by varying board lengths, making sure joints fall in the middle of post anchors. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses into each of the eight marks. Like timber decking, solid complex boards require expansion gaps. For more on caring for your timber decking, check out our how to guide. Submit a guest post Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a straight edge. Tack 8d finish nails into the joists alongside the first board to record logical spacing. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. This isn't possible for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of expansion gap. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. Apply a protective treatment to any cut or recessed timber - be it deck boards, joists or posts - before grouping. Sponsored post: Do not fully tighten at this stage. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers at both ends of the ledger and flush with its bottom edge, using joist hanger nails. Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. The diameter of the saw's blade determines how wide and thick the cutting material can be. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Rest the joist's opposite end on a corner pier. Guest posts wanted Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and English-Gothic architecture to the joists. To raise the frame, cut four blocks of tanalised timber to the desired height. It also tends to be a quicker and more cheap option than finance in hardstanding patio materials, such as flagstones of block paving. Before you commit yourself to the build, it’s a good idea to do a dry run of the decking first as you don't want to finish the last row with a thin slither of deck board. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist.


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Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Use enough washers to ensure a 10mm gap between the wall and the wall plate. They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. You can choose between railing kits, or you can design your own with balustrade screens and posts. You can choose between railing kits, or you can design your own with balustrade screens and posts. This Old House general declarer Tom Silva's method for constructing a bounteous on-grade deck. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. Guest post policy Again, do not fully tighten the screws. If your deck will be sitting on grass or soil, you’ll need to place blocks or slabs underneath edge leg to spread the load and provide a level, stable base. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. Guest post policy If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an extra joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by positioning crosswise and vertical deck tiles (pictured). If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Want to contribute to our website If you are adding a fascia then you will need to countersink the screws. Our timber deck boards can be painted or stained with decking paint. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Let us guide you through the stages providing a comprehensive guide to success; answering your questions every step of the way. When thinking about the shape and size of your deck, plan it around the planting design you want to have in that area. If building your own steps, we suggest:. Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. You can inset borders into your decking as a bit of a feature, this is particularly handy if you have well established plants growing in the area you want to deck. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an attractive culmination touch. Submit blog post At each footing location, dig a hole wide enough to hold the footing form and deep enough to extend below frost line. Block off the area around the tree by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists, secured either end with two coach screws. Don't go too fast when using a jigsaw or the cut might not be as guileless as you want it. Measure and cut lengths of handrail, then mitre the corners for a neat finish. Publish your guest post You may need to stagger the boards across your deck, and when the ends of the deck boards meet, they will need to be latched to a joist with four hidden fasteners (two for each end of the board). Measure and mark the deck board at the desired length. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Then, place a concrete block into the hole, but do not install the posts at this stage. Before you commit yourself to the build, it’s a good idea to do a dry run of the decking first as you don't want to finish the last row with a thin slither of deck board. Remove the building's trim and siding to 1 foot above the top of where the ledger will sit. Guest contributor guidelines Secure the front rim joist 2x to the post bases with hanger nails. With the pilot holes drilled, it's now time to fit the coach screws. Railings or balustrade are a must-have on raised decking to make sure it is safe to use. Become an author A straight-edged deck is also easier to conception than one with a curved edge. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory. Watch our step-by-step guide to find out how. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. You may need to stagger the boards across your deck, and when the ends of the deck boards meet, they will need to be latched to a joist with four hidden fasteners (two for each end of the board). ) Lay a heterosexual deck board in the adhesive so its long edge overhangs the trim board by 1 inch. If building your own steps, we suggest:. ) Lay a heterosexual deck board in the adhesive so its long edge overhangs the trim board by 1 inch. Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. Submit your content Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. Start by measuring the distance between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Guest article A raised deck is a good option for sloped or uneven gardens as a way of creating a flat surface for a dining table or a seating area. Guest post courtesy of We recommend drilling pilot holes for the screws to help prevent the wood from splitting. You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. Sponsored post: Repeat the process to secure two coach screws through the outer frame into each end of all the inner joists. Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. An extra pair of hands, or packers, may be required to hold the joist in place whilst you do this. Submit guest post Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. Become guest writer Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses into each of the eight marks. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Lay out the joist frame and position the deck boards on top, creating the necessary deck board expansion gaps. Complete the doubled front rim joist by gluing and nailing the outer 2xs to the inner 2xs. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Guest posting Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to woodwork. Be sure to use a sharp hole that will leave a clean hole. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Fit a side rim joist into a joist hanger at one end of the ledger, square the corner, and toenail through the hanger into the ledger with 16d nails. The hidden fastening system creates a uniformed 6mm expansion gap between boards when fitted width to width, and a 3mm gap fitted end to end. Repeat the process to secure two coach screws through the outer frame into each end of all the inner joists. Guest posting rules If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. Our How to video below will take you through the easy steps. Alternatively, go for deck tiles instead of deck boards for a diametrical design. Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. Guest posting Cut sections of joist to length. Want to write an article If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. Rest the joist's opposite end on a corner pier. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers at both ends of the ledger and flush with its bottom edge, using joist hanger nails. Notched posts are peculiarly profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more stability and a neat finish if you fancy. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Or switch them around for a contrasting look. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Sponsored post: Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. Install 2x joist hangers along the beams, 16 inches on center. Don’t forget to allow for an expansion gap of 3mm in your measurements when the boards are butted up end to end. Guest poster wanted Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. If you are adding a fascia then you will need to countersink the screws. Submit blog post Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line.


How to Build a Simple Deck guest post courtesy of

Create a appropriately sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. Guest-post (In all cases, round up odd numbers or fractions to the next even number. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Many of the skills you’ll learn can also be applied to more complex projects, such as curved decks – but for elaborate designs you may prefer to call in the professionals. All you need to be winning at DIY deck building are some basic carpentry tools and the desire to invest a little sweat equity. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Submit guest article Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm outer grade screws. Be open minded when it comes to the shape of your decking and design it to best fit your space. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the opposite side. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. This is applicable to all timber, including Walksure and Grassedeck boards. Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if necessity. Writers wanted If you are attaching fascia boards to the decking, as we are here, then you’ll need to allow for an overhang. You can user a spacer to do this, such as an off-cut of wood or plastic – or simply drop a spare screw in as shown here. Submit a guest post Mark pilot holes 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the outer frame, and drill using a 6mm drill bit. TIP: If the joist has a crown—a slight arc along its edge—install it crown-side up. If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same direction for a uniform shade of green. Become guest writer Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Fit a side rim joist into a joist hanger at one end of the ledger, square the corner, and toenail through the hanger into the ledger with 16d nails. Nail paint-grade trim boards as wide as the rim joists to their outside faces with two 8d hot-dipped galvanized or stainless finish nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. Fasten face-mounted double joist hangers for beams every 8 feet on center along the front rim joist and ledger, flush with their bottom edges. The hidden fastening system creates a uniformed 6mm expansion gap between boards when fitted width to width, and a 3mm gap fitted end to end. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. Submit post But it has the same structural elements as any deck—ledger, joists, beams and piers. Offset the bolts slimly so they don’t come into contact. The fasteners create the required 6mm discourse gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised cabbage-like patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. Then, measure and mark pilot hole guides 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Set up batter boards and mason's strings and determine footing locations at the deck's outside corners and at 8-foot intervals along the front rim joist. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Secure it with eight coach bolts sunk from the outside of the frame. Guest posts wanted To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Prepare a level, weed-free area for the deck. Contribute to our site Don't go too fast when using a jigsaw or the cut might not be as guileless as you want it. For more on this, head to the 'Which decking design?' section of our planning article. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm outer grade screws. Sponsored post by Pot plants are the easiest way to incorporate plants into your deck design, but a border around the edge of your decking is a great way to frame it with your contender shrubs and plants. Fold the metal lengthwise to form a right angle. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm drill bit. Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. Mark pilot holes 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the outer frame, and drill using a 6mm drill bit. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Guest post- Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Mark each location, then temporarily remove the mason's strings. Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is supernatant by a suitable block or slab. Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Learn more: Decking for your project. Sponsored post Drive roofing nails through the flashing's top edge every 8 inches. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Cover the ground with landscaping fabric and add gravel. Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. This post was written by Measure and mark the post accurately with a square prior to making any cuts. To begin laying the deck, measure across the top of the frame and cut a board to length. Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. Repeat this at the opposite end of the board, as this will ensure the board remains straight, and then work down the board, fixing the screws into each joist below. Then position the corner post on the contiguous side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. From that line, drop the board down by 10mm to allow for expansion and draw a level line using a spirit level. Thinking of adding some decking to your garden? Our decking design ideas are here to inspire you. Want to write an article Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers at both ends of the ledger and flush with its bottom edge, using joist hanger nails. Install 2x joist hangers along the beams, 16 inches on center. The following list of tools and materials includes everything you will need to lay a basic, ground-level deck. And because the deck is only a one step high, no railing was required. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. Cut sections of joist to length. Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. Writers wanted If you are attaching fascia boards to the decking, as we are here, then you’ll need to allow for an overhang. If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same direction for a uniform shade of green. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Remove the thinned sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its structural integrity. If you are attaching a fascia board, allow for an overhang and screw through the third groove in from the outside edge of the deck board. Let us guide you through the stages providing a comprehensive guide to success; answering your questions every step of the way. Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. Contributing writer Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step stringer and into the joist. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. Place the joist into position so that its centre lines up with the 400mm spacer mark. Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. Once smoothened down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. Once smoothened down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. Merge navy and white for a shipping design or black and grey to get a present-day and stylish look. Don’t cut down a tree - build your deck around it by including a bit more sub-structure to frame the trunk. Trim pier tubes at these marks. Our LED decking lights come in either blue or white and look great set into decking steps or between decking levels. Guest posting And check that all gaps created are the same for a clad finish. Guest column Lay and nail the next deck board as before. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Add different elements to your garden look by combining decking with other materials like >paving slabs. The spacing of your inner joists is mutualist on your chosen decking design. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Sponsored post This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Watch our step-by-step guide to find out how. Get an accurate, detailed cost breakdown of your project. Contribute to this site Measure the interval between the end of the angled board and the ground, when doing this remove 5mm as you don’t want the board to be touching the ground at any point. To fit solid whole stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Work out where exactly the pads are required and dig holes roughly 150mm square and 150mm deep at intervals of 1. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger.


How to Build a Deck guest blogger

Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. This line will be the guideline for attaching the wall plate to the wall so extend this line across the full width of the decking if possible. Watch our step-by-step guide to find out how. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus hardwood boards. An extra pair of hands, or packers, may be required to hold the joist in place whilst you do this. Choose between mains-powered or solar-powered lights and silver or black surrounds, so you can match them to your desired look. Guest post- When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. Sponsored post You can also countersink the holes to get a electric sander finish. Repeat this for the rest of the joists, but always make sure the top of the joist is flush with the frame before securing. Submit guest post Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Become an author Create a string line around the four corner posts. Cut pressure-treated 2x stock for the doubled side rim joists and beams. Choose what surface your decking is going to be laid on. Next, clamp a length of bannister into move with its grooved edge facing down. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. As well as being safe, they add a decorative touch, so are not solely for raised decking, but for ground-level decking too. Then, clamp the sections into place, drill the pilot holes and secure with two 100mm screws at each end. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. Guest-post If your decking has an obstacle, such as a drain, add extra noggings around it for additional support. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Lots of cuts: Use a mitre saw (also known as a chop saw). Guest posters wanted Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. If you're extending your deck further than the length of a joist, clamp the joist sections end to end in a workbench. Secure it with eight coach bolts sunk from the outside of the frame. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. Sponsored post Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its position. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. Each start clip should be centred on each outer and inner joist. Guest blogger guidelines From initial conception, to your dream garden. Then position the corner post on the contiguous side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. This will mark the corner of the decking. Become an author Alternatively, shorten or increase the outer frame so that your final decking row will finish flush to the edge of the joist frame. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Build a planter from decking by succeeding the steps in our video below. Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. If your decking has an obstacle, such as a drain, add extra noggings around it for additional support. Want to write an article Complement the decking by edging it with paving, giving it a contemporary look. Screw these to the inside fo the frame at each corner, ensuring they’re flush with the top. Guest posting Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm feature grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers at both ends of the ledger and flush with its bottom edge, using joist hanger nails. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Make sure that any gap between the baserail and the decking boards isn't more than 75mm. Repeat this at the opposite end of the board, as this will ensure the board remains straight, and then work down the board, fixing the screws into each joist below. Nail paint-grade trim boards as wide as the rim joists to their outside faces with two 8d hot-dipped galvanized or stainless finish nails spaced every 12 to 16 inches. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. If necessary, drill a pilot hole to prevent rending. Slide the second board into place, making sure the fasteners fit into the groove. Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many distinguish step treads as you require. Repeat this at each end of the four sections of the frame. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. To attach them, put the nogging into position and add packers if indispensable. Check the frame is square by measuring from corner to corner. Position chairs and a table on the higher level, then set a sandpit into the lower platform so you can sit and relax in a sand-free area whilst keeping a watchful eye over your little ones. Publish your guest post Repeat the process to secure two coach screws through the outer frame into each end of all the inner joists. Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory. You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised cabbage-like patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. You can lay decking at different heights and levels, depending on the shape and surface of your garden. Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. You should incorporate a 5mm discourse gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts according to outdoor temperatures). For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Guest posts wanted Use two decking screws where each board meets a joist. To attach them, put the nogging into position and add packers if indispensable. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. To attach them, put the nogging into position and add packers if indispensable. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Become guest writer Scarf any joints in the run; miter joints at the corners. Sponsored post Use a baluster lined up with the groove in the handrail to work out the position of the baserail. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists. Glue them up with building adhesive and nail them together from both sides with 12d nails, spaced every 16 inches in a zigzag pattern. Registered in Exeter, EX1 1JG, England No. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. When cutting long boards, ensure the board is adequately positioned and safely held in place so the timber does not drop or get ‘thrown’ by the blade. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Double check that each post is vertical then secure in place with postcrete. To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a befittingly sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the outside joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. You must Register or Login to post a comment. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Contribute to this site Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists. Fasten concealed-flange double joist hangers on the ends of the front rim joist's inner 2xs. Don’t cut down a tree - build your deck around it by including a bit more sub-structure to frame the trunk. This is applicable to all timber, including Walksure and Grassedeck boards. Looking for guest posts Cut a strip of metal flashing at least 6 inches wide and as long as the ledger. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. If you add a handrail and balustrades they'll turn a functional staircase into an attractive feature as well as helping to prevent slips and falls. We recommend adding concrete pads as they're not only great for stabilising your deck; they'll ensure your decking lasts longer. For the rest of the boards, always screw into the second groove from each side and fix to the frame with 64mm decking screws. If your decking is going to be longer than the decking joists, you will need to join two sections together. There are lots of ways you can use this versatile horticulture option in your garden. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists. You can lay decking at different heights and levels, depending on the shape and surface of your garden. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to woodwork. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Write for us You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an interesting effect. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists.