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How to plan & build a raised deck submit content

Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. If your lattice panel has a frame, remove the frame batten from the discarded section by gently sound it away from the lattice with a hammer. A lot of the work at this stage requires two pairs of hands. They'll also instantly transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. If you are attaching a fascia board, allow for an overhang and screw through the third groove in from the outside edge of the deck board. Remove the weakened sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its structural integrity. Guest post by A raised deck is a great way to make the most of space that can otherwise go unused, such as slopes and uneven areas. If it's more than 1500mm, the angle's too big and needs to be closed. The frame should be at the obligatory level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Clamp a length of base rail in a workbench and drill pilot holes 100mm apart all the way through the rail. Once you’re happy that your boards are positioned beautifully & the deck frame is sufficiently covered, you can move on to fixing these in place. And for any budding artists, why not try creating unique painted decking with a bespoke design? Get creative and paint a pattern or picture on your decking – you can be sure no-one else will have the same look. The frame should be at the obligatory level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Sponsored post: Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Slot the spindles into the underside of the hand rail and secure them by screwing diagonally through the spindle into the rail. Your boards should sit no more than 5 inches away from a load-bearing beam or joist. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. If you are attaching fascia boards to the decking, as we are here, then you’ll need to allow for an overhang. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut consequently. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. Alternatively, go for deck tiles instead of deck boards for a different design. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Submit content If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. Remove the joist and select ‘hammer action’ on your drill to drill through the masonry at the marked points. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the sunshine. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. The easiest way to achieve this is by using the 3-4-5 triangle method. If necessary plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. Guest posting guidelines Before you build the deck, the site needs to be equipt. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. The frame should be at the obligatory level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Like our Facebook page for regular design ideas, expert tips & offers to save you £100’s Don’t miss out, join hundreds of fellow DIY enthusiasts. For more on these, and other, decking accessories, check out our decking buyer's guide. 2m apart) and cut the base and hand rails exactly to length. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. These will act as additional support for your steps and can be staggered into position and secured like the past noggings in the frame. Measure your deck frame and cut to size. Guest post courtesy of The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposite post and cut sections of joist to length. Any multiples of 3, 4 and 5 will follow the same pattern. Use an edger to cut into the lawn for a erect cut, and then use a spade to remove the turf. Want to write a post However if you’re looking to save money it’s worth looking at building your own. Your central joists should run in the same direction that your deck boards will be. Guest post- This step-by-step guide is supplied courtesy of TradesSupermarket. If looking to lay solid flower decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. One placed centrally with the other two positioned at centres between the outer frame and the central joist. Use a spirit level to ensure that each crossbeam is also level. Start by measurement the point between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. This is because the decking posts slot in and are fixed to the corner posts, and then the deck boards fit around them. Guest posts To create this gap, make a spacer from a few unstained steel washers - they should measure a minimum of 10mm when fitted together. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step stringer and into the joist. Step 7: Fitting The Balustrading. For more on the different deck board arrangements, head back to our planning article. It is important that you fit your newel posts before laying your decking boards if you intend on fitting balustrading. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Submit article Drill pilot holes through the step facility and the sub-frame joist. This stage involves fixing one joist directly to the wall. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. After checking its level with a spirit level, drill in countersunk pilot holes and screw it into the deck posts. For more on the different deck board arrangements, head back to our planning article. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Become guest writer Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain preserver. Step 1: Preparing The Garden Oversite. Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. The spacing of your inner joists is bloodsucking on your chosen decking design. And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Mark a 12mm drill bit with masking tape at 38mm from the tip. But there are plenty of other options. Sponsored post: To lay the rest of your deck head to our 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck' article. Accepting guest posts Our experts will testify that nothing beats the satisfaction in completing your self-built constitution & sharing it with family & friends for the first time. For advice on cleaning, painting and caring for your decking, check out our useful guide, How to clean, paint & care for your decking. If these run across your slope, they may collect rainwater & increase the moisture content of your boards. Add a gate to keep young children and pets safe in one place. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. To join your joists, start by measuring and cutting the section you need to reach the necessary length. Guest post opportunities Position the second board and secure with 63mm solid whole deck screws from the top of the second board into the risers. Check that the posts are vertical as you go. If you need access, consider hinging or a different fixing to be able to easily remove the panels. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm part screws. Once fully constructed, the horizontal joists & beams which support the decking are usually referred to as the decking ‘sub-frame’. Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. This isn't executable for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of increase gap. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. Pour changeful concrete into the holes and slope the concrete away from the posts. If need be, smooth down any rough edges with sandpaper. Our timber deck boards can be painted or stained with decking paint. Be sure to use a sharp countersink that will leave a clean hole. Fit 12mm wooden dowels into the holes and mark the corresponding positions on the adjoining posts at top and bottom. These will act as additional support for your steps and can be staggered into position and secured like the past noggings in the frame. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. Ideally the holes need to be about 300mm in diameter at the top and 400mm at the bottom. Clamp a length of base rail in a workbench and drill pilot holes 100mm apart all the way through the rail. Make the corner post more secure by fitting a piece of joist off-cut between the corner post and the first inner joist. Become a guest blogger If these run across your slope, they may collect rainwater & increase the moisture content of your boards. Check to see if you have a 13 Amp plug socket within 5m of your deck. Secure the board and create a clear chalk line. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many garment step treads as you require. At this stage we can move on to fixing joists to your outer frame. Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its situation. Use a panel saw to spike one end of the prop to help secure it into the ground. Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. Guest poster wanted Then use 30mm galvanised screws to fix it to the cut edge of the lattice. Timber deck boards require a 5 to 8mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. Holes should be drilled in the centre of the board – one hole for every 16 inches.


How to Build a Deck guest post by

Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. Fit the base rail onto the spindles and screw 50mm deck screws through pilot holes into the bottom of each. Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. If creating from raw materials your own steps, we suggest:. Want to contribute to our website And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Contribute to our site Allow the concrete to set (as suggested by the instructions) before building the sub-frame. Before you start laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position. Guest-post If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Secure the board and create a clear chalk line. Accepting guest posts Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Then use 30mm galvanised screws to fix it to the cut edge of the lattice. If necessary plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. Once all the lights are in place, connect each head to the next in the series. Repeat this process for each of the steps. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposite post and cut sections of joist to length. Measure the distance between the marks and cut sections of joist to the required length. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. If you are edifice a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. Pot plants are the easiest way to incorporate plants into your deck design, but a border around the edge of your decking is a great way to frame it with your lover shrubs and plants. Many decking manufacturers will construct stringers, treads & risers which are pre-built to specific measurements to that they fit jointly easily. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. To do this, cut the board to length and clamp it in position in front of the deck posts, overhanging the sub-frame. They should be screwed into the anchor bolts, with washers used between the ledger board and the screw heads to tighten the screws. And while it might look intimidating, a decking is well within the means of anyone willing to learn their way. Submitting a guest post So a bit of extra time spent now on checking the site can help prevent any unwanted problems later on. For an enchanting finish, and to aid voidance around your decking, simply add some gravel. Want to write a post Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Once you have identified your decking site, you should –. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Secure the three sections in your bench or saw horse, ensuring that the 300mm mark lines up with the join in the joists. As a final check, measure the diagonal distances from corner to corner. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. If no hard landscaping exists there already, consider laying an area of concrete or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Start by deciding how far to space your deck posts (they shouldn't be any more than 1. If you have gaps that need filling, start by activity the gaps and marking the required size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm treatment gap on either side. Cut the lattice panel to fit these measurements with a jigsaw. And that’s it! How to build garden decking in 9 very simple steps. We recommend production pilot holes for the screws to help prevent the wood from splitting. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists. Any multiples of 3, 4 and 5 will follow the same pattern. Submit content Follow manufacturer's instructions for setting time. Use at least two screws per joist for each decking board. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Submit an article Cut the wooden spindles down to size if necessary, bearing in mind all safety considerations and Building Regulation requirements. If you’re taking on your own decking project then you’ll need to know your stuff!. For advice on cleaning, painting and caring for your decking, check out our useful guide, How to clean, paint & care for your decking. This post was written by See Step 9: Adding a Pergola for more info on this. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Want to write an article If you're extending your deck further than the length of a joist, clamp the joist sections end to end in a workbench. Cut out the shape of the deck posts using a jigsaw - and not forgetting to treat the cut edges with an end grain protector. Move the wall plate away and complete the holes by drilling directly into the wall. Guest post This isn't executable for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of increase gap. Contribute to our site Remember that they need to run in the opposite direction to the joists. Submit your content If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same position for a uniform shade of green. Want to contribute to our website Start by measuring the leave behind between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Want to write an article If these run across your slope, they may collect rainwater & increase the moisture content of your boards. Make sure you’ve measured and drilled accurately or else the bolts won’t work. If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. Step 7: Fitting The Balustrading. They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. For an enchanting finish, and to aid voidance around your decking, simply add some gravel. The 3-4-5 Triangulum method uses simple geometry to create perfect right angles at the corners. Guest post opportunities In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Use at least two screws per joist for each decking board. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. Do not fully tighten at this stage. Pergolas can also be attached to the wall of a house using ledger board. A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonous the wood. Contributor guidelines A stress free, intuitive experience. Submit guest post Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. If no hard landscape gardening exists there already, ruminate laying an area of objective or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Dig out around the posts to a depth of 700mm and a width of 300mm, as you did with the corner posts. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Drill pilot holes through the step facility and the sub-frame joist. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Once fully constructed, the horizontal joists & beams which support the decking are usually referred to as the decking ‘sub-frame’. It’s important to properly prepare this ground beforehand so as to prevent any issues in the future. Create a string line around the four corner posts. Measure and mark the post accurately with a square prior to making any cuts. Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. Guest blogger guidelines Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as realistic and covering all of the area under the deck. Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts parallel with the angle of the steps. Guest posts wanted When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. This covers everything from how many boards you'll need to what design you should arrange them in. Reattach the fascia and drill the mounting holes using a 24mm drill bit. This post was written by Drill pilot holes through the step assembly and the sub-frame joist. Position the assembled steps against the sub-frame of the deck and in the centre of the step support pad. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. Like our Facebook page for regular design ideas, expert tips & offers to save you £100’s Don’t miss out, join hundreds of fellow DIY enthusiasts. If you're laying timber deck boards in a horizontal pattern, the aloofness between the centre of one joist and the centre of the next should be a maximum of 450mm. As well as posts at the four corners (corner posts), an overhead railway deck is also raised on joist support posts. Cut the lattice panel to fit these measurements with a jigsaw. When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. Glue the wooden dowels into the holes and slot the balustrade machine into place. Many choose to overlap the deck frame & then cut the boards to the desired length once they’ve been screwed into place.


How to plan and lay a deck guest post

And while it might look intimidating, a decking is well within the means of anyone willing to learn their way. Position the last board into fasteners, overhanging the outer joist. Use a tape measure to ensure the lights are evenly spaced. Want to write a post Use a panel saw to spike one end of the prop to help secure it into the ground. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. Secure the three sections in your bench or saw horse, ensuring that the 300mm mark lines up with the join in the joists. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. A pilot hole will help prevent the frame from splitting. Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. One placed centrally with the other two positioned at centres between the outer frame and the central joist. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. To avoid splitting, pre-drill the holes for the galvanised nails. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm out screws. Many people choose to lay their decking frame on concrete slabs. For large structures with complex joist configurations, it’s advisable that noggins are used. Many choose to overlap the deck frame & then cut the boards to the desired length once they’ve been screwed into place. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Attach the wire mesh to the batten frame or directly to the lattice panel with wood staples and a hammer. Sponsored post: Make sure the post is vertical before continuing. Guest post- Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. If building your own steps, we suggest:. Position the first baluster, checking it's section with a spirit level. Want to write for Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step stringer and into the joist. Measure from this mark and repeat at 400mm intervals across the rest of the joist, making sure you never exceed the recommended spacing. Notched posts are specially profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many carve up step treads as you require. You can also countersink the holes to get a smoother finish. And be sure to swot up on what species it is, as some can be very fast growing. Slide the second board into place, making sure the fasteners fit into the groove. Blog for us Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. Want to write for Because this board is overhanging, screw through the third groove of the outside edge and fix with a 64mm decking screw. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. The corner posts don’t sit right in the corners of the sub-frame. Arrange the holes alternately at the top and bottom. Want to write for If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same position for a uniform shade of green. Fit 12mm wooden dowels into the holes and mark the corresponding positions on the neighboring posts at top and bottom. This will ensure the board is firmly secured to the decking frame. It doesn't matter which side as long as they're level down each length and flush ready for the outer joists to be fixed later. Where you have had chance to dry out your boards prior to installation, you should leave between 7-10mm gap between boards. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an additional joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. For an enchanting finish, and to aid voidance around your decking, simply add some gravel. Create wooden props to hold the joist support posts in place. Guest post- Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. Guest posting rules Follow steps one and two of 'How to add decking steps' before starting step one below. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. After checking its level with a spirit level, drill in countersunk pilot holes and screw it into the deck posts. Become an author Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. If these run across your slope, they may collect rainwater & increase the moisture content of your boards. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. Cut two of the three pieces to a point at one end as these form stakes that will be driven into the ground. As a final check, measure the diagonal distances from corner to corner. Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses in the joist - just deep enough for the nuts and wide enough to allow access for a socket spanner. Guest-blogger Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. This can be a practical feature as well, hiding away thing you wish to store beneath your decking and preventing small children and pets from vagabondage underneath. The following list of tools and materials includes everything you will need to lay a basic, ground-level deck. A basic open stair is all that’s necessary on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Select a drill bit for your drill driver that's thinner than the deck screw's shank and drill pilot holes into the pencil marks - being careful to drill through the deck board and not into the joist. Writers wanted The rest of the decking's sub-frame is then aligned with it. Firstly, they provide a level, stable base for your frame to rest on – one which is not uneven or iridescent. The rest of the decking's sub-frame is then aligned with it. Follow our gradual guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use balance boards. Want to write an article See our guide to choosing your decking boards. Then tie the line firmly in position at the cut. Any multiples of 3, 4 and 5 will follow the same pattern. See our planning permissions & building regulations guide for more information on this. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Guest post policy A pilot hole will help prevent the frame from splitting. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Guest post opportunities Cut two of the three pieces to a point at one end as these form stakes that will be driven into the ground. This stage involves fixing one joist directly to the wall. Then add another coach screw to the base of the second post to secure it. Guest post guidelines Once secure, the frame of your structure can be attached to the ledger & should be firmly anchored to the adjoining wall. When the railings are in place, you're ready to lay your deck boards. If you're extending your deck further than the length of a joist, clamp the joist sections end to end in a workbench. Make sure you allow for enough project on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Contributing writer We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Looking for guest posts Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. This line will be the counselling for attaching the wall plate to the wall so extend this line across the full width of the decking if feasible. To join the frame, mark and drill pilot holes before fixing two characteristic grade 150mm timber drive screws into each corner. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. Want to write for Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm out screws. Guest contributor guidelines For example, a triangle with sides exactly 3, 4 and 5 metres long - a right angle will form at the corner where the shorter sides meet. If necessary plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist. When you reach the edge of your structure, you will likely need to measure & cut your boards so they fit into the frame. Position the concentrated steps against the sub-frame of the deck and in the centre of the step support pad. Solid flower deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Guest contributor guidelines Position the first baluster, checking it's section with a spirit level. To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist consequently.


How to add steps & railing to decking guest posting guidelines

Cut notches in the first board to fit around the deck posts. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. This will help you visualise the site. For many, this will be the end of their build. Guest post courtesy of Once these are installed there's no way to move them if they've been put in the wrong place. Then, connect the driver cable into the socket closest to the plug. Remember that they need to run in the opposite direction to the joists. Reattach the fascia and drill the mounting holes using a 24mm drill bit. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. Want to write a post Lay boards at the outer edge of the sub-frame and move inwards. We’ve detailed the steps for a full DIY build below. In our steps below, we will measure 900mm - 1200mm - 1500mm (or you could measure 3ft - 4ft - 5ft). There must be a gap between the timber and the wall to allow rainwater to run down the wall and not pool on the decking. Place the nails roughly 50mm from the top of the stakes. Submit post Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. If you're not fixing to a wall, fix the joists to all the corner posts as per the following steps. The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. To join your joists, start by measuring and cutting the section you need to reach the necessary length. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an additional joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Write for us If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. They're available in three, four and six step options. If you have gaps that need filling, start by activity the gaps and marking the required size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm treatment gap on either side. Alternatively, build your own with two risers (side panels) and as many separate step treads as you require. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised vegetable patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. Whether you just want to relax in the sun, entertain guests or you need an taking feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. Include a bit more sub-structure to frame the obstacle and support the deck boards. Be sure to check the most current Building Regulations. Become a guest blogger Cut the inner joists to length and attach to the joist sub-frame with two countersunk coach screws at either end, or to the wall joist using joist hangers. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Hold each step stringer in position and mark the edges onto the frame. Submitting a guest post With the first row in place, you can now start the second row - memory to include the relevant treatment gap between the boards. Whereas for solid composite plant boards, read the section 'How to fit solid composite deck boards'. Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. Guest-blogger And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. Submit post It doesn't matter which side as long as they're level down each length and flush ready for the outer joists to be fixed later. When all the posts are in place and the concrete is set or case-hardened off, remove the lines, profiles and wooden props. The fasteners create the required 6mm expansion gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. For help on cutting deck boards, head to the 'How to cut deck boards' section of our article 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck'. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. Make timber profiles to help you set out the deck sub-frame accurately. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. Writers wanted Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. Place the spacer between the joist and the wall and secure the joist to the wall by inserting expanding masonry bolts into each of the holes. When joining lengths of internal joist (which will be hidden by the deck boards), use two 600mm sections of joist off-cut sandwiched either side of the join for a stronger fix. Place the spacer between the joist and the wall and secure the joist to the wall by inserting expanding masonry bolts into each of the holes. Then drill two holes to that depth on either end of both the hand and base rails. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. Fit 12mm wooden dowels into the holes and mark the corresponding positions on the adjoining posts at top and bottom. Our experts will testify that nothing beats the satisfaction in completing your self-built constitution & sharing it with family & friends for the first time. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Make sure the post is vertical before continuing. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Guest author To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Submit an article On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. If you've careful correctly in Step 1, drill into the brick - not the mortar. Want to write a post Tighten the bolts with a socket spanner - taking care not to over tighten. To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid flower stair treads'. Drill pilot holes and screw the upper frame of the panel into the deck sub-frame using 65mm deck screws. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. Cut three 600mm lengths of 22mm x 100mm timber for each profile. We have lots of choice including traditional brown wood stains, earthy greens and on-trend grey paints. Publish your guest post Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. Measure your deck frame and cut to size. This gap should also be left between your deck boards and newel posts. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Position the first baluster, checking it's section with a spirit level. Cut sections of joist to length. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm external grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Check that they don't coincide with the eventual positions of the joist hangers. Holes should be drilled in the centre of the board – one hole for every 16 inches. So, whatever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. When the railings are in place, you're ready to lay your deck boards. You can add decorative skirting to the exposed space beneath a raised deck by fitting lattice panels. Or switch them around for a different look. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm external grade screws. If necessary, plane or saw down its outer length to ensure that the inner edge is flush with the inside edge of the deck post. For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. Before you start, head to our guide to planning your decking project for an substantial introduction. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Remove the weakened sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll significantly weaken its structural unity. Check that they don't hap with the eventual positions of the joist hangers. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. Submitting a guest post Recess and drive in two more coach screws at the corner to join the outer joists put together (as shown). Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your banister and deck posts so they're even. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Guest-blogger Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. Even if you don’t notice an obvious bowing, check the joists are level with the sub-frame using a straightedge. When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. The frame should be at the obligatory level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Submit a guest post Newel posts are the spindles related to to the outer frame which your railings rest on. Contribute to our site With the pilot holes drilled, it's now time to fit the coach screws. Cover the area in a layer of weed control fabric and then 40mm to 50mm of gravel. If you need to avoid any obstacles, such as a pipe, then measure and cut the joist consequently. You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. Use pieces of timber, we suggest 19mm x 38mm or similar for a good size. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Submit article In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. This could work peculiarly well on a decking split over two levels. If you need to avoid any obstacles, such as a pipe, then measure and cut the joist consequently. This is a guest post by Top Tip: If you have chosen wooden decking boards, you should allow them to dry out & acclimatise for around one week before fitting. Be sure to check the most current Building Regulations. Place the light fittings into position. Use the 24mm drill bit to do this. Guest poster wanted Top Tip: Using grooved boards which run down the slope of your build will help any freshwater to by nature drain from your decking surface. Generally, buying these is not a bad idea & much easier than building your own.


How To Lay Garden Decking submit blog post

This will fix the boards in place and give the structure added durability. Guest posts wanted Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. For an attractive finish, and to aid drainage around your decking, simply add some gravel. Use enough washers to ensure a 10mm gap between the wall and the wall plate. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. There's no need to sand or treat solid flower deck boards. Choose what surface your decking is going to be laid on. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite direction to the inner joists. It helps to delineate your steps separate to your deck & attach them afterwards. Create a string line around the four corner posts. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the requisite level, then secure it to the other corner post. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. Once all the lights are in place, connect each head to the next in the series. Guest posts wanted To attach them, put the nogging into position and add packers if thing. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. If no hard garden exists there already, consider laying an area of existent or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. For example, a triangle with sides exactly 3, 4 and 5 metres long - a right angle will form at the corner where the shorter sides meet. This allows the newel posts to sit on the joists cleanly, while the remaining timber can be bolted to the joists – fixing the newel posts to the body structure firmly. Choose between mains-powered or solar-powered lights and silver or black surrounds, so you can match them to your desired look. This is both for practicality & accessibility – as well as helping to ensure that your deck conforms to UK building regulations. Want to write for Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same position for a uniform shade of green. Submit guest article It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. If you are installation hardwood, wood-plastic composite plant or PVC boards, you should pre-drill your holes – rather than hammering nails into the wood which can cause cracks or splits in the decking embodied. When positioning your next board, you should leave a small gap for expansion during wet weather, though not so large so as to create a large gap should your boards shrink. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and perpendicular to the joists. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Contributing writer Insert 6mm x 100mm screws through the holes in the wall plate and hang galvanised or plastic washers on the end. Rectangular or angular decks are orthodox and create clean, angular lines in your garden landscape. Remember to use treatment oil on any sawn edges. Make sure that they are not too close to the edges, or else they will weaken the joist. Guest blogger The centre spacing between joists for horizontal boards should be 400mm, while the spacing for diagonal boards is slightly less at 300mm. And be sure to swot up on what species it is, as some can be very fast growing. It also tends to be a quicker and more cheap option than investing in hardstanding patio materials, such as flagstones of block paving. As well as posts at the four corners (corner posts), an overhead railway deck is also raised on joist support posts. Cover the ground with landscaping fabric and add gravel. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm drill bit. Guest article Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. If your decking has an obstacle, such as a drain, add extra noggings around it for additional support. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. Make timber profiles to help you set out the deck sub-frame accurately. Our composite decking is on hand in attractive colours including deep red, brown and grey so that you can choose one that works with your garden design. Measure from the bottom of your sub-frame to the ground. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. Submit guest post For help on cutting deck boards, head to the 'How to cut deck boards' section of our article 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck'. Guest posts Both timber and solid asterid dicot family deck boards are cut in the same way. Guest posts For more on this, head to the 'Which decking design?' section of our planning article. 2m apart) and fix the first notched post to the sub-frame with coach screws. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. Fitting will vary depending on what corporal you have chosen for your boards. Guest poster wanted Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Guest posters wanted Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. Instead of spindles, opt for a balusters screen. Once the site area has been prepared, it's biogenic to ensure that the sides of the deck are completely square. If you need to add an angled board because your garden is sloping then start by attaching packers to the main joist frame, this will give you something to secure the fascia onto. Submit article This is because the decking posts slot in and are fixed to the corner posts, and then the deck boards fit around them. Guest post: Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. Looking for guest posts Clear away all assemblage and rocks within this marked site. Make sure the post is vertical before continuing. Decking can be attached to a fixed wall using ledger board. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm external grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. They'll also instantly transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. We’d love to hear any natural action you might have or how you’re progressing with your decking – please get in touch using our contact forms. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Submit your content Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. Pergolas can also be attached to the wall of a house using ledger board. Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. Guest post- Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Want to contribute to our website Or keep things simple with a complete railings kit. Want to write for An existing patio or practical base can be used as a solid foundation for your deck. Guest poster wanted Follow our 7 crucial safety guidelines to look after yourself properly when working with decking –. You should incorporate a 5mm increase gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts reported to outdoor temperatures). Use pieces of timber, we suggest 19mm x 38mm or similar for a good size. Run a builder’s line from each of the four pegs. Guest posts wanted For more on the different deck board arrangements, head back to our planning article. Railings or barrier are a must-have on raised decking to make sure it is safe to use. If you are installation hardwood, wood-plastic composite plant or PVC boards, you should pre-drill your holes – rather than hammering nails into the wood which can cause cracks or splits in the decking embodied. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. You should incorporate a 5mm increase gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts reported to outdoor temperatures). They are offset by the width of a post to allow deck posts (which will be needed when attaching railings or balustrades) to be slotted in later. Guest posting guidelines Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Accepting guest posts Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if requisite. Guest posts wanted Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Top Tip: Cut a length of timber to your desired gap width. Guest posts wanted If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the external joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Be sure to use a sharp countersink that will leave a clean hole. Cut two of the three pieces to a point at one end as these form stakes that will be driven into the ground.


How to plan & build a raised deck become a contributor

Then add another coach screw to the base of the second post to secure it. Guest article Prepare a level, weed-free area for the deck. Double check that each post is consolidation then secure in place with postcrete. You should also fix your boards at the centre where they pass over joists or noggins.  Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon. 3-5mm is normally ample width to allow for this – roughly the width of a fixing screw. Lift the turf in manageable strips, and save it someplace out of the way (it could be used around your completed deck later on). Create a string line around the four corner posts. These will act as additional support for your steps and can be staggered into position and secured like the premature noggings in the frame. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. Place a section of block into each of the holes, making sure they are firmly in place. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step worker and into the joist. Submit content This list includes everything you will need to build a raised deck. It doesn't matter which side as long as they're level down each length and flush ready for the outer joists to be fixed later. If your deck will be sitting on grass or soil, you’ll need to place blocks or slabs underneath edge leg to spread the load and provide a level, stable base. Check that the posts are vertical as you go. If your decking is going to be longer than the decking joists, you will need to join two sections together. Guest post policy To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. If available, these can help to reduce the complexity of your build. Like steps, a pergola can be the ideal addition to the main deck and can really extolment the aesthetics of your structure. Mark the fascia board with a line at 50mm from each end. Guest post opportunities Hold each step stringer in position and mark the edges onto the frame. It helps to delineate your steps separate to your deck & attach them afterwards. This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an constitutive schoolbook. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the requisite level, then secure it to the other corner post. Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Step 6: Fit The Decking Boards. For an enchanting finish, and to aid voidance around your decking, simply add some gravel. Be careful not to tighten too much or you may risk crushing the wooden ledger board. Drill holes at 400mm intervals along the length of the joist being fixed to the wall. Position the saw on a sturdy, flat surface (such as a workbench) and clamp it into place. Learn more: Decking for your project. Guest posts wanted Or go bold by slotting it between your deck boards for a truly tailored design (pictured). Before you begin, ensure you plan your deck carefully – ideally the boards plus expansion gaps (usually 5mm) should finish completely flush with the outer facings of the framework. Place the spacer between the joist and the wall and secure the joist to the wall by inserting expanding masonry bolts into each of the holes. Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if requisite. From this line, measure up 40mm from the bottom and down 40mm from the top, and mark two pilot hole guides. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Mark the fascia board with a line at 50mm from each end. To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a suitably sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. They should be screwed into the anchor bolts, with washers used between the ledger board and the screw heads to tighten the screws. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. They are offset by the width of a post to allow deck posts (which will be needed when attaching railings or balustrades) to be slotted in later. Secure the three sections in your bench or saw horse, ensuring that the 300mm mark lines up with the join in the joists. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. Follow manufacturer's instructions for setting time. Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. Submit guest article Move it to one side and make a small saw cut at the pencil mark. For accuracy, measure the intervals using a spacer made from a wood off-cut, as shown. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. The centre of each crossbeam should be parallel with the perimeter of the cleared area. If you find that any of your joists bow slightly, fix them with the bow projecting upwards. This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an constitutive schoolbook. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. For more on these, and other, decking accessories, check out our decking buyer's guide. It’s important to properly prepare this ground beforehand so as to prevent any issues in the future. To do this, cut the board to length and clamp it in position in front of the deck posts, overhanging the sub-frame. Guest post policy Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm out screws. Become a guest blogger Double check that each post is unsloped then secure in place with postcrete. When marking out where to position noggings, bear in mind that they can't be spaced more than 1200mm apart and that it's easiest to stagger them to avoid having to skew screws when securing them. Otherwise you can move onto fitting your joists. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. Guest post policy The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Once you’re happy that your boards are positioned beautifully & the deck frame is sufficiently covered, you can move on to fixing these in place. A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonous the wood. If necessary, plane or saw down its outer length to ensure that the inner edge is flush with the inside edge of the deck post. Find the centre point between posts and hammer a timber batten into place. If you need access, consider hinging or a different fixing to be able to easily remove the panels. Create holes in the joists or noggings so the cables can be well-connected. Guest post opportunities Instead of spindles, opt for a balustrade screen. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. When all the posts are in place and the concrete is set or hardened off, remove the lines, profiles and wooden props. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. If you have gaps that need filling, start by activity the gaps and marking the required size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm treatment gap on either side. If available, these can help to reduce the complexity of your build. Repeat for the other 3 corners. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Measure from this mark and repeat at 400mm intervals across the rest of the joist, making sure you never exceed the recommended spacing. We have broken this guide into various stages that you’ can follow to help build a structurally-sound, beautiful deck. Writers wanted Check that they don't hap with the eventual positions of the joist hangers. Continue round the deck fixing the joists to each post with two countersunk coach screws. Submit blog post Fit the base rail onto the spindles and screw 50mm deck screws through pilot holes into the bottom of each. Secure with 64mm decking screws. Instead of spindles, opt for a balusters screen. Even if you don’t notice an obvious bowing, check the joists are level with the sub-frame using a straightedge. Be sure to check the most up-to-date Building Regulations. To raise the frame, cut four blocks of tanalised timber to the desired height. We're going to run through attaching:. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite plant decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Make sure that they are not too close to the edges, or else they will weaken the joist. You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. They're available in three, four and six step options. If you are adding the lights to the top of a deck, make sure that they are positioned over the centre of a deck board and not directly over any joists. When oil production large or deep holes into solid composite decking, periodically lift the drill bit out of each hole and remove the shavings with a gentle blow. Coat the cut ends with an end grain preserver using a brush. Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the attribute. To join your joists, start by measuring and cutting the section you need to reach the necessary length. Measure and plan the position of the holes so that the bolts are secured into the brickwork and not the mortar. When installing the last board, there are two options. Before you build the deck, the site needs to be equipt. For many, this will be the end of their build. Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is hanging down by a suitable block or slab. Submitting a guest post Place the post in the hole on top of the block, checking it’s straight using a spirit level. If you have gaps that need filling, start by activity the gaps and marking the required size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm treatment gap on either side. If you’re happy you’ve followed all of these steps, we teach you how to lay garden decking in our 9 simple steps below. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Remove the joist and select ‘hammer action’ on your drill to drill through the masonry at the marked points.


How to build a raised deck looking for guest posts

Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. Submit an article A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to carpentry. Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. This is a guest post by Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Use the wooden spacer again to align the spindles precisely. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Articles wanted Install the next set of hidden fasteners on the other side of the second board in the same manner as before. For example, a triangle with sides exactly 3, 4 and 5 metres long - a right angle will form at the corner where the shorter sides meet. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Measure and mark the outline of the deck posts accurately onto the deck board with a combination square or builder's square. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as realistic and covering all of the area under the deck. Guest author Measure the distance between the end of the angled board and the ground, when doing this remove 5mm as you don’t want the board to be touching the ground at any point. Mark the fascia board with a line at 50mm from each end. Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. Become a guest blogger Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. Decking with a curved edge can help to create a softer finish to your garden design and looks great with bark, gravel or grass against the curved edge. Guest blogger This isn't executable for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of increase gap. Screw the step assembly firmly to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Then use 30mm galvanised screws to fix it to the cut edge of the lattice. Measure and mark the post accurately with a square prior to making any cuts. Guest post opportunities Measure the distance between the end of the angled board and the ground, when doing this remove 5mm as you don’t want the board to be touching the ground at any point. If your lattice panel has a frame, remove the frame batten from the discarded section by gently sound it away from the lattice with a hammer. Submit content The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Make sure you allow for enough project on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Decking Hero Ltd is a contestant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an get together advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. This will give you a straight edge from which to lay the rest of your deck boards. There's no need to sand or treat solid flower deck boards. This helps give the deck a longer lifespan as the artifact is securely fixed; it also raises the frame above ground, preventing the immersion of rainwater. Allow the real to set (as recommended by the instructions) before building the sub-frame. By this stage you should already have fitted your newel posts, which are an integral part of your balustrading. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. Cut the outer joists of the sub-frame to length, remembering to allow for lap-jointed corner joints. Sponsored post by To create this gap, make a spacer from a few stainless steel washers - they should measure a minimum of 10mm when fitted unneurotic. This will give you a straight edge from which to lay the rest of your deck boards. Before you start laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. Make sure you allow for enough project on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. If you are attaching fascia boards to the decking, as we are here, then you’ll need to allow for an stick out. Guest posts Cut the outer joists of the sub-frame to length, remembering to allow for lap-jointed corner joints. Guest blogger guidelines Our timber deck boards can be painted or stained with decking paint. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Make sure you allow for enough project on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Decking can be attached to a fixed wall using ledger board. We're going to run through attaching:. You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. Slot the cut deck board into position. Whereas for solid composite plant boards, read the section 'How to fit solid composite deck boards'. This allows the newel posts to sit on the joists cleanly, while the remaining timber can be bolted to the joists – fixing the newel posts to the body structure firmly. Use the wooden spacer again to align the spindles precisely. If your deck is elevated above 300mm from the ground, you may need to fit balustrading to comply with building regulations. Measure and plan the position of the holes so that the bolts are secured into the brickwork and not the mortar. Then add another coach screw to the base of the second post to secure it. Add gravel and smooth as you go. Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Step 3: Attaching The Deck Frame To A Building. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. This allows the newel posts to sit on the joists cleanly, while the remaining timber can be bolted to the joists – fixing the newel posts to the body structure firmly. Repeat this for the rest of the joists, but always make sure the top of the joist is flush with the frame before securing. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Guest column Adjust the position of the lines on the profiles until they cross directly above the corner of the cleared deck area. An existing patio or practical base can be used as a solid foundation for your deck. Want to write an article You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. Safety is perfectly paramount with decking projects, as they are often quite complex & labour-intensive. Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. Submit blog post You must Register or Login to post a comment. Next, clamp a length of balustrade into position with its grooved edge facing down. A stress free, intuitive experience. Before you commit yourself to the build, it’s a good idea to do a dry run of the decking first as you don't want to finish the last row with a thin slither of deck board. Timber deck boards require a 5 to 8mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link different levels of the deck. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Using the lines you drew as a guide, pre drill guide holes into the second groove in from each side. Sponsored post Then, measure from the far end of the deck to the chalk line and cut a deck board to length. Mark on the fascia where the far end of your angled board will be and measure along to your line on the top fascia. Submit your content It also tends to be a quicker and more cheap option than investing in hardstanding patio materials, such as flagstones of block paving. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Screw the pieces put together to form an L or T shape. This is key as the decking will be laid with joist support posts concreted into position. For help on cutting deck boards, head to the 'How to cut deck boards' section of our article 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck'. Position the next deck post and fix it with just one coach screw for now, so that you can push it to one side while you fix the balustrade. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line downwards. Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the attribute. Then tie the line firmly in position at the cut. Once you have both sides of your stringer complete, you can move onto constructing your deck steps –. There you’ll find information & tips on what to do once your fitter has completed your build. Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Drill holes at 400mm intervals along the length of the joist being fixed to the wall. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Cut the outer joists of the sub-frame to length, remembering to allow for covering corner joints. Contributor guidelines For an attractive finish, and to aid drainage around your decking, simply add some gravel. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. After checking its level with a spirit level, drill in countersunk pilot holes and screw it into the deck posts. Screw the props to the joist support posts and use a spirit level to keep checking that the joist support posts are vertical. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. And check that all gaps created are the same for a clothed finish. Be open minded when it comes to the shape of your decking and design it to best fit your space. Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. Lay out the joist frame and post the deck boards on top, creating the incumbent deck board expansion gaps. To fit the newel posts you will often need a jigsaw or circular saw to cut out a chunk of the wood in the foot of the post (known as ‘rebating’ the posts).


How to plan & build a raised deck guest blogger guidelines

Joists run in the polar dictation to the deck boards, so it's noteworthy to have settled on a decking design. Cut the lattice panel to fit these measurements with a jigsaw. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. Guest article The last thing you want is heels or other objects falling through your boards!. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Articles wanted Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. You can also countersink the holes to get a smoother finish. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. Once you have begun building your decking frame, you should realise the height of your structure and where it needs to fix to your outside wall. Guest-blogger So, whatever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. This is probably the most popular method by which to build a deck & for good reason. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Looking for guest posts When the lines are perfectly level and square, mark the item of the string on each crosspiece with a pencil. Hold each step stringer in position and mark the edges onto the frame. Allow the concrete to set (as suggested by the instructions) before building the sub-frame. Before you start laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project. Guest post: You should also fix your boards at the centre where they pass over joists or noggins. Also check that the corners are square using a set square. Measure and cut lengths of handrail, then mitre the corners for a neat finish. Write for us If you are adding lights to a fascia board then remove the board now. Merge navy and white for a nautical design or black and grey to get a contemporary and stylish look. They're available in three, four and six step options. Place the spacer between the joist and the wall and secure the joist to the wall by inserting expanding masonry bolts into each of the holes. Publish your guest post Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. Remove the weakened sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll significantly weaken its structural unity. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. Submit article Staggering the boards involves leaving a larger gap than you might normally, though this is risky as your boards may shrink and leave big gaps in the surface. Ideally the holes need to be about 300mm in length at the top and 400mm at the bottom. Make sure you’ve measured and drilled accurately or else the bolts won’t work. You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. Our experts will testify that nothing beats the satisfaction in completing your self-built constitution & sharing it with family & friends for the first time. A lot of the work at this stage requires two pairs of hands. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Ideally the holes need to be about 300mm in length at the top and 400mm at the bottom. Nail the third piece - the crossbeam - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile. Publish your guest post Make sure you’ve measured and drilled accurately or else the bolts won’t work. This isn't executable for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of increase gap. Because this board is overhanging, screw through the third groove of the outside edge and fix with a 64mm decking screw. These are small bits of wood fitted perpendicular to adjoining joists which add rigidity to the deck frame. You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. Deep cuts (the timber is thicker than the cutting depth of the mitre saw): Use a panel saw if only making a few cuts, or a circular saw if making lots of cuts. When the diagonal distance between these two marks measures exactly 1500mm, the corner is a true right angle. By now you should have completed all of your planning, during which stage you hopefully chose an ideal garden fix for your deck. Recess and drive in two more coach screws at the corner to join the outer joists put together (as shown). Start by measurement the point between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Step 3: Attaching The Deck Frame To A Building. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. You can add decorative skirting to the exposed space beneath a raised deck by fitting lattice panels. You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised vegetable patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. Mark on the fascia where the far end of your angled board will be and measure along to your line on the top fascia. Build a planter from decking by following the steps in our video below. A pilot hole will help prevent the frame from splitting. Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Decide how to space the deck posts (we recommend a maximum of 1. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. Want to write an article Hold the board flush with the top of the step bracing and predrill your holes. Screw the step assembly firmly to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. Publish your guest post Follow steps one and two of 'How to add decking steps' before play step one below. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Remove the joist and select ‘hammer action’ on your drill to drill through the masonry at the marked points. Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Because this board is overhanging, screw through the third groove of the outside edge and fix with a 64mm decking screw. Continue round the deck fixing the joists to each post with two countersunk coach screws. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Choose the relevant option below –. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. To work out how many internal joists are needed, measure 400mm from the centre of the external joists and draw a mark. Measure and plan the position of the holes so that the bolts are secured into the brickwork and not the mortar. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. Use enough washers to ensure a 10mm gap between the wall and the wall plate. Submitting a guest post Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm part screws. Anchor bolts should then be hammered into the holes, before lag screws are used to fix the ledger board firmly to the wall. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an additional joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Because this board is overhanging, screw through the third groove of the outside edge and fix with a 64mm decking screw. Line up the contiguous outer joists and drill a pilot hole through the centre of the recess, from the outer joist into the conterminous outer joist. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. The fasteners create the required 6mm expansion gap between the deck boards when fitted width to width. Then, switch on to test all the lights are working. Use at least three screws per block, as these legs will be taking all the weight. Contribute to our site Solid complex deck boards are narrower than timber deck treads, and so two are required to be fitted width to width to provide a comfortably deep stair tread. Hold each step stringer in position and mark the edges onto the frame. As well as posts at the four corners (corner posts), an elevated deck is also raised on joist support posts. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Clamp the baserail in place, and fix it to the deck posts with countersunk screws. Guest post- Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. Add the blanking plug to cover the last socket. Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. It will also ensure that your finished deck will look authority. Position the second board and secure with 63mm solid whole deck screws from the top of the second board into the risers. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. Split a factual block in two using a brick bolster. Tighten the bolts with a socket spanner - taking care not to over tighten. If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into position and skip to step 6. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and perpendicular to the joists. Guest poster wanted You’re then ready for the next stage of your build. Any multiples of 3, 4 and 5 will follow the same pattern. Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. For those who intend to take the DIY approach shot – we discern that building a garden deck can be a complicated process, especially for beginners or those who haven’t built a structure before. Want to contribute to our website Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. If you don’t, you will need to have one fitted by a qualified electrician. Allow the real to set (as recommended by the instructions) before building the sub-frame. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Check to see if you have a 13 Amp plug socket within 5m of your deck. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Contributing writer Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts parallel with the angle of the steps. For soft ground, place paving stones on top of the gravel; this will support the joists and preserve the timber. If necessary plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. This will help you visualise the site. Guest post opportunities If you have positioned your beams along the greater length of your deck, you can relation the joists along the shorter width. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Remember the slotted sides of both the rails are fitted facing down so that rainwater cannot collect in them. Remember the slotted sides of both the rails are fitted facing down so that rainwater cannot collect in them. Once the site area has been prepared, it's essential to ensure that the sides of the deck are completely square.


How to build a raised deck become a guest blogger

Accepting guest posts Lay out the joist frame and post the deck boards on top, creating the incumbent deck board expansion gaps. If no hard landscaping exists there already, consider laying an area of concrete or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Like timber decking, solid composite boards require expansion gaps. The frame should be at the obligatory level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Repeat this process for each of the steps. Ideally the holes need to be about 300mm in length at the top and 400mm at the bottom. For accuracy, measure the intervals using a spacer made from a wood off-cut, as shown. Add the blanking plug to cover the last socket. Guest post opportunities Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Like our Facebook page for regular design ideas, expert tips & offers to save you £100’s Don’t miss out, join hundreds of fellow DIY enthusiasts. Lift the turf in manageable strips, and save it someplace out of the way (it could be used around your completed deck later on). Submit a guest post Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. Guest author It also tends to be a quicker and more cheap option than investing in hardstanding patio materials, such as flagstones of block paving. Submit blog post Place the light fittings into position. Suggest a post Support the joists with additional legs, spaced at 1m intervals. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Slot the cut deck board into position. This post was written by Make sure that any gap between the baserail and the decking boards isn't more than 75mm. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. Attach with two coach screws using a socket set with ratchet handle. Guest post courtesy of Put the cut deck board into position in line with the chalk line. Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Position any end to end joins between the deck boards halfway across an inner joist so that both boards can be screwed into the joist for extra unchangeability. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposite end and then back again. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. Suggest a post Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. A raised deck is a great way to make the most of space that can otherwise go unused, such as slopes and uneven areas. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Once the site area has been prepared, it's essential to ensure that the sides of the deck are completely square. Repeat for the other 3 corners. You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an unputdownable effect. Continue to work through your boards. If you don’t have access to a circular saw or jigsaw you could always use a saw & chisel. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step worker and into the joist. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Adding lighting to your decking means that you can enjoy the area long after the sun goes down. Work out how high you would like the balustrade to be. This will mark the corner of the decking. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. Measure and plan the position of the holes so that the bolts are secured into the brickwork and not the mortar. The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Guest article Choose between mains-powered or solar-powered lights and silver or black surrounds, so you can match them to your desired look. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Pot plants are the easiest way to incorporate plants into your deck design, but a border around the edge of your decking is a great way to frame it with your lover shrubs and plants. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists. And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Cut the wooden spindles down to size if necessary, bearing in mind all safety considerations and Building Regulation requirements. Guest post To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. Guest posting guidelines Many decking structures are fixed to buildings and act as an string of the home out into the garden. Contributor guidelines This step is only necessary if you are fitting balustrading to your deck. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Then tie the line firmly in position at the cut. Support the joists with additional legs, spaced at 1m intervals. Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. There's no need to sand or treat solid flower deck boards. Consider using a layered surface deck board, such as the Walksure or Grassedeck deck boards, for your steps. Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Using the lines you drew as a guide, pre drill guide holes into the second groove in from each side. This can be a practical feature as well, hiding away anything you wish to store beneath your decking and preventing small children and pets from erratic underneath. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm part screws. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Be open minded when it comes to the shape of your decking and design it to best fit your space. Add the blanking plug to cover the last socket. Submit content Like timber decking, solid composite boards require expansion gaps. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposite post and cut sections of joist to length. Guest column Find the centre point between posts and hammer a timber batten into place. It will also ensure that your finished deck will look authority. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to carpentry. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. Find the centre point between posts and hammer a timber batten into place. This isn't executable for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of increase gap. A lot of the work at this stage requires two pairs of hands. At this stage we can move on to fixing joists to your outer frame. Measure and mark the outline of the deck posts accurately onto the deck board with a combination square or builder's square. Measure and mark the post accurately with a square prior to making any cuts. Make sure you’ve measured and drilled accurately or else the bolts won’t work. Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. Block off the area around the tree by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists, secured either end with two coach screws. Make timber profiles to help you set out the deck sub-frame accurately. This will fix the boards in place and give the structure added durability. This could work peculiarly well on a decking split over two levels. Start by measuring the leave behind between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Guest-blogger A stress free, intuitive experience. Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. It doesn't matter which side as long as they're level down each length and flush ready for the outer joists to be fixed later. Install start clips against each riser of the first step. Put the fascia into role and place small offcuts of wood or packers underneath the fascia to level it. 8m in any given direction - we recommend 1. Choose between mains-powered or solar-powered lights and silver or black surrounds, so you can match them to your desired look. Decide how to space the deck posts (we recommend a maximum of 1. There are two options when building on soft ground:. This will help you visualise the site. Guest posts wanted From this line, measure up 40mm from the bottom and down 40mm from the top, and mark two pilot hole guides. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. Slot the cut deck board into position. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Guest blogger guidelines Cut three 600mm lengths of 22mm x 100mm timber for each profile. We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an photogenic finishing touch. The easiest way to achieve this is by using the 3-4-5 triangle method. Become a contributor To create this gap, make a spacer from a few stainless steel washers - they should measure a minimum of 10mm when fitted unneurotic. This is key as the decking will be laid with joist support posts concreted into position. Guest post: Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. When all the posts are in place and the concrete is set or case-hardened off, remove the lines, profiles and wooden props. To give extra intensity level to the sub-frame, screw two support beams onto every second post along the length of the deck.


How to add steps & railing to decking guest posting

The corner posts don’t sit right in the corners of the sub-frame. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonous the wood. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposite post and cut sections of joist to length. After determining the right level, you can then offer the ledger boards up against the wall and use a pencil to mark through the holes. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Sponsored post If you plan to lay your deck frame directly on the ground (only recommended for small, basic builds) then you should follow these steps –. Secure the step worker in place with countersunk 100mm screws, repeat this process on all exposed sides of the stringer. Choose what surface your decking is going to be laid on. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Guest post:  Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon. Solid composite deck boards are narrower than timber deck treads, and so two are required to be fitted width to width to provide a comfortably deep stair tread. Find the centre point between posts and hammer a timber batten into place. If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Guest author If creating from raw materials your own steps, we suggest:. To do this, cut the board to length and clamp it in position in front of the deck posts, overhanging the sub-frame. The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. Potential laying patterns for decking include: horizontal, diagonal, chevron (zig-zag like parquet flooring) and picture frame (boards in a diametrical orientation to frame the decking) deck boards. Attach the wire mesh to the batten frame or directly to the lattice panel with wood staples and a hammer. Fit the base rail onto the spindles and screw 50mm deck screws through pilot holes into the bottom of each. When the slanting time interval between these two marks measures exactly 1500mm, the corner is a true right angle. For accuracy, measure the intervals using a spacer made from a wood off-cut, as shown. Secure the step worker in place with countersunk 100mm screws, repeat this process on all exposed sides of the stringer. Mark a 12mm drill bit with masking tape at 38mm from the tip. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. Be open minded when it comes to the shape of your decking and design it to best fit your space. Sponsored post by Continue to work through your boards. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. Once smoothed down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. Submit content By this stage you should already have fitted your newel posts, which are an integral part of your balustrading. Drill pilot holes through the step facility and the sub-frame joist. For example, a triangle with sides exactly 3, 4 and 5 metres long - a right angle will form at the corner where the shorter sides meet. Submit article Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. Lay boards at the outer edge of the sub-frame and move inwards. Slot the spindles into the underside of the hand rail and secure them by coition diagonally through the spindle into the rail. Cut sections of joist to length. This post was written by Once these are installed there's no way to move them if they've been put in the wrong place. Once you have tested the lights, secure all the boards back into position. Once you’re happy that your boards are positioned beautifully & the deck frame is sufficiently covered, you can move on to fixing these in place. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. This line will be the counselling for attaching the wall plate to the wall so extend this line across the full width of the decking if feasible. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. The spacing of your inner joists is bloodsucking on your chosen decking design. Guest post opportunities Add a gate to keep young children and pets safe in one place. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its situation. Decking Hero Ltd is a contestant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an get together advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts analog with the angle of the steps. Measure the width of the step from the outer edge and cut a piece of deck board to length. This is a guest post by Work all this out before you cut and assemble the deck frame or add solid pads. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Writers wanted This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. This will give you a straight edge from which to lay the rest of your deck boards. Install start clips against each riser of the first step. Use a combination square to mark an accurate line across the deck board. Submit an article To avoid splitting, pre-drill the holes for the galvanised nails. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Guest post guidelines If you've rhythmical aright in Step 1, drill into the brick - not the mortar. Continue round the deck fixing the joists to each post with two countersunk coach screws. Hang a line level from the middle of the taut string and hammer the profiles in until you get a level reading. The following step-by-step instructions show you how to lay all timber deck boards, including Walksure or Grassedeck boards. Add different elements to your garden look by change of integrity decking with other materials like >paving slabs. If necessary plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. They'll also instantly transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. Remember the slotted sides of both the rails are fitted facing down so that rainwater cannot collect in them. Submit article And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Attach the sub-frame joists to the wall joist with metal joist hangers and 50mm galvanised nails. If no hard landscape gardening exists there already, ruminate laying an area of objective or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). This will ensure the board is firmly secured to the decking frame. Measure and cut a 600mm section and mark at 300mm to show where the centre point is. To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a suitably sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. Where you have had chance to dry out your boards prior to installation, you should leave between 7-10mm gap between boards. Mark a 12mm drill bit with masking tape at 38mm from the tip. You can lay decking at divers heights and levels, depending on the shape and surface of your garden. Become a guest blogger Cut out the shape of the deck posts using a jigsaw - and not forgetting to treat the cut edges with an end grain guardian. It also tends to be a quicker and more cheap option than investing in hardstanding patio materials, such as flagstones of block paving. Position the last board into fasteners, overhanging the outer joist. If they are the same, then each corner will be a right angle. For large structures with complex joist configurations, it’s advisable that noggins are used. To lay the rest of your deck head to our 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck' article. Reattach the fascia and drill the mounting holes using a 24mm drill bit. If clearing turf, use an edger to cut into the lawn (it provides a clean, straight cut) and remove the grass with a spade. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. Guest post courtesy of Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm external grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Measure across the inside of the frame at your joist marks, then cut lengths of the tanalised timber to suit. If laying the deck over lawn, mark out the area then dig out to a depth of 50mm. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Use quick-release clamps to hold the posts and balustrade together while the glue dries. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. DIY fitters should follow these steps when setting their footing –. Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. For accuracy, measure the intervals using a spacer made from a wood off-cut, as shown. Measure and plan the position of the holes so that the bolts are secured into the brickwork and not the mortar. 2m apart) and cut the base and hand rails exactly to length. Once fully constructed, the horizontal joists & beams which support the decking are usually referred to as the decking ‘sub-frame’. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as realistic and covering all of the area under the deck.


Decking Help guest post opportunities

Attach with two coach screws using a socket set with ratchet handle. Be careful not to tighten too much or you may risk crushing the wooden ledger board. Measure and mark the post accurately with a square prior to making any cuts. Submit guest article Remove the joist and select ‘hammer action’ on your drill to drill through the masonry at the marked points. To join the frame, mark and drill pilot holes before fixing two characteristic grade 150mm timber drive screws into each corner. Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more order and a neat finish if you fancy. Start by marking a vertical line that ultimately the end of the wall plate will be placed against. When installing the last board, there are two options. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. Guest posting rules They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Use the 24mm drill bit to do this. Measure and cut the lengths of board that you need. Double check that each post is unsloped then secure in place with postcrete. To begin laying the deck, measure across the top of the frame and cut a board to length. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. On the line, mark guide holes at 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the frame. Then use 30mm galvanised screws to fix it to the cut edge of the lattice. Position any end to end joins between the deck boards halfway across an inner joist so that both boards can be screwed into the joist for extra unchangeability. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. You can then move onto gathering the deck frame. Let us guide you through the stages providing a comprehensive guide to success; answering your questions every step of the way. Guest-blogger Block off the area around it by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists (secured either end with two coach screws). Submitting a guest post Place the mains cable and driver inside the decking so that they will not be visible once you secure the boards back into position. Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. Fitting will vary depending on what corporal you have chosen for your boards. The length of the saw's blade determines how wide and thick the cutting material can be. If they are the same, then each corner will be a right angle. Submit guest article Place the spacer between the joist and the wall and secure the joist to the wall by inserting expanding masonry bolts into each of the holes. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Be careful not to tighten too much or you may risk crushing the wooden ledger board. This covers everything from decking structures to board designs, and offers an constitutive schoolbook. They need to pouch by the width of a deck post to allow for a balustrade (or railing posts) to be fixed into place within the frame. Our example is of a deck that is:. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Then, place a concrete block into the hole, but do not install the posts at this stage. Adjust the position of the lines on the profiles until they cross directly above the corner of the cleared deck area. Submit article Remove all necessary deck boards so that you can feed the cables of each light through the holes. You should attach your joists to the outer frame using joist hangers & galvanised nails. Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. Choose what surface your decking is going to be laid on. Fit a sheet of weed-control fabric around the posts and cover it with gravel. Fix the side joists to the off-set corner posts, first checking that they are level. Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. Hold the board flush with the top of the step stringer and predrill your holes. You’re then ready for the next stage of your build. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. Guest-blogger If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Sponsored post Start by measurement the point between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Once you’re happy that your boards are positioned beautifully & the deck frame is sufficiently covered, you can move on to fixing these in place. Start by measuring the leave behind between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Hopefully this has given you the confidence to press ahead with your build. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut consequently. Use pieces of timber, we suggest 19mm x 38mm or similar for a good size. Remove the weakened sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll significantly weaken its structural unity. Then, place a concrete block into the hole, but do not install the posts at this stage. Then, connect the driver cable into the socket closest to the plug. Clear away all assemblage and rocks within this marked site. If available, these can help to reduce the complexity of your build. These are small bits of wood fitted perpendicular to adjoining joists which add rigidity to the deck frame. Many decking structures are fixed to buildings and act as an string of the home out into the garden. Then add another coach screw to the base of the second post to secure it. First, hold your ledger board up against the adjacent wall, ensuring that there are no obstacles such as wires which will get in your way. If laying grooved deck boards facing upwards, position the screws at the bottom of a groove. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Guest post courtesy of Use a hand tool (a deck board is perfect for this) with a spirit level on top to check that the whole area is level, and level out any slight unevenness in the ground. Like timber decking, solid composite boards require expansion gaps. Fit a fascia board below the overhanging deck board for more order and a neat finish if you fancy. Use a combination square to mark an accurate line across the deck board. Then drill 38mm holes in each post at the four marked points. They need to pouch by the width of a deck post to allow for a balustrade (or railing posts) to be fixed into place within the frame. Use quick-release clamps to hold the posts and balustrade together while the glue dries. Lay boards at the outer edge of the sub-frame and move inwards. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. There are usually two methods of fitting joists where beams have been used in the construction of the decking frame –. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Stagger the deck board joins across the deck for greater strength, and arrange them in a regular pattern for an magnetic finish. Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. Check that the posts are vertical as you go. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. Guest poster wanted And while it might look intimidating, a decking is well within the means of anyone willing to learn their way. Before starting this process, check that your ledger board is perfectly straight and has not warped. This post was written by This isn't executable for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of increase gap. Once the joists are in place, add the final 30mm screws to each joist hanger. Publish your guest post If your lattice panel has a frame, remove the frame batten from the discarded section by gently sound it away from the lattice with a hammer. Firstly, they provide a level, stable base for your frame to rest on – one which is not uneven or iridescent. An additional extra but can help to make your decking safer & visually appealing. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut consequently. For more on these, and other, decking accessories, check out our decking buyer's guide. Alternatively, go for deck tiles instead of deck boards for a different design. Alternatively, shorten or increase the outer frame so that your final decking row will finish flush to the edge of the joist frame. Accepting guest posts And get creative with leftover deck boards. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Clear away all collection and rocks within this marked site. Hold the board flush with the top of the step bracing and predrill your holes. This is a guest post by Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a circular saw. If they are the same, then each corner will be a right angle. For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. Guest poster wanted To create this gap, make a spacer from a few stainless steel washers - they should measure a minimum of 10mm when fitted unneurotic. Clamp the deck board, face side up, in a workbench and slowly cut along the line.


How to build a raised deck guest article

Hold the board flush with the top of the step bracing and predrill your holes. Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite plant decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Blog for us Then drill 38mm holes in each post at the four marked points. If laying grooved deck boards facing upwards, position the screws at the bottom of a groove. Guest post opportunities By now you should have completed all of your planning, during which stage you hopefully chose an ideal garden fix for your deck. This is a guest post by Finish your decking posts with post caps or ball tops. Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. If mentation around a step or a sill check the design fits by taking an offcut of deck board, holding it up to the lowest part of the sill and marking a small line beneath it. Solid complex deck boards are narrower than timber deck treads, and so two are required to be fitted width to width to provide a comfortably deep stair tread. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Position the second board and secure with 63mm solid whole deck screws from the top of the second board into the risers. And for any budding artists, why not try creating unique painted decking with a bespoke design? Get creative and paint a pattern or picture on your decking – you can be sure no-one else will have the same look. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step worker and into the joist. Want to write for Place the spacer between the joist and the wall and secure the joist to the wall by inserting expanding masonry bolts into each of the holes. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. Ready to start with your project? Let's go. You can add decorative skirting to the exposed space beneath a raised deck by fitting lattice panels. Guest post opportunities This isn't executable for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of increase gap. Guest post- We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. Drill holes through the joist into the post and set the heads using a flat wood drill bit to create the recess to house the screw heads. Guest posting This will ensure the board is firmly secured to the decking frame. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and perpendicular to the joists. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Install start clips against each riser of the first step. Adjust the position of the lines on the profiles until they cross directly above the corner of the cleared deck area. Contributing writer These can be typically split into those above & below the frame (the main structure holding the decking in place) –. Want to contribute to our website Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. Guest article To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. Before you build the deck, the site needs to be properly prepped. Guest posting rules Mark pilot holes 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the outer frame, and drill using a 6mm drill bit. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the requisite level, then secure it to the other corner post. Let's start with constructing your elevated deck. An unsupported solid asterid dicot family deck board jut out should not exceed 13mm. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Clamp the baserail in place, and fix it to the deck posts with countersunk screws. Want to write a post Once you have begun building your decking frame, you should realise the height of your structure and where it needs to fix to your outside wall. Cut three 600mm lengths of 22mm x 100mm timber for each profile. Fix the post to the sub-frame with two coach screws countersunk. Cover the ground with landscaping fabric and add gravel. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. By now you should have completed all of your planning, during which stage you hopefully chose an ideal garden fix for your deck. Follow our 7 crucial safety guidelines to look after yourself properly when working with decking –. In our steps below, we will measure 900mm - 1200mm - 1500mm (or you could measure 3ft - 4ft - 5ft). Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. For the rest of the boards, always screw into the second groove from each side and fix to the frame with 64mm decking screws. If necessary, plane or saw down its outer length to ensure that the inner edge is flush with the inside edge of the deck post. This is a guest post by Remove the joist and select ‘hammer action’ on your drill to drill through the masonry at the marked points. Submitting a guest post This is probably the most popular method by which to build a deck & for good reason. To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Place the joist into position so that its centre lines up with the 400mm spacer mark. Install start clips against each riser of the first step. Submit article Follow manufacturer's operating instructions for setting time. If building your own steps, we suggest:. And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Check that the lines are crossing directly at the corners by laying a joist along the edge of the cleared area - this represents the edge of the sub-frame. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. Submit blog post Before you begin, ensure you plan your deck carefully – ideally the boards plus expansion gaps (usually 5mm) should finish completely flush with the outer facings of the framework. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Guest post courtesy of The following step-by-step instructions show you how to lay all timber deck boards, including Walksure or Grassedeck boards. Cut sections of joist to length. Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Start by measuring the leave behind between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. An existing patio or practical base can be used as a solid foundation for your deck. The 3-4-5 triangle method uses simple pure mathematics to create perfect right angles at the corners. See our guide to choosing your decking boards. Make a mark on the wall through each hole. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. Measure the distance between the marks and cut sections of joist to the required length. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. The section titled 'How to lay timber deck boards' provides step-by-step help for timber boards. As well as being safe, they add a decorative touch, so are not exclusively for raised decking, but for ground-level decking too. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. Guest post If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an additional joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Use at least two screws per joist for each decking board. Guest-post Make sure you’ve measured and drilled accurately or else the bolts won’t work. Fragrant roses growing up trellis or obelisks can be particularly effective for this. Contributing writer This could work peculiarly well on a decking split over two levels. Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your banister and deck posts so they're even. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Our experts will testify that nothing beats the satisfaction in completing your self-built constitution & sharing it with family & friends for the first time. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Write for us Finish your decking posts with post caps or ball tops. You can also countersink the holes to get a smoother finish. Lots of cuts: Use a mitre saw (also known as a chop saw). Each start clip should be centred on each outer and inner joist. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to carpentry. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. If necessary, plane or saw down its outer length to ensure that the inner edge is flush with the inside edge of the deck post. By this stage you should already have fitted your newel posts, which are an integral part of your balustrading. Be careful to use galvanised screws to prevent rust. Submit an article To fit the newel posts you will often need a jigsaw or circular saw to cut out a chunk of the wood in the foot of the post (known as ‘rebating’ the posts). This will fix the boards in place and give the structure added durability. Cut sections of joist to length. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. For extra stability, place half an aerated block at the base of the hole. If you have gaps that need filling, start by activity the gaps and marking the required size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm treatment gap on either side. Become a contributor Be sure to check the most up-to-date Building Regulations. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. Cut the wooden spindles down to size if necessary, bearing in mind all safety considerations and Building Regulation requirements. Whether you want a ground-level or a multi-layered deck, or one with a sandpit set into it for the kids to enjoy, we have lots of suggestions. We’d love to hear any natural action you might have or how you’re progressing with your decking – please get in touch using our contact forms. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end.


How to plan & build a raised deck guest posts

When the solidify has sunbaked off (is completely dry), cover the whole area with weed control fabric (making cut-outs for the existent pads) and a layer of gravel (40 to 50mm in depth). The easiest way to achieve this is by using the 3-4-5 triangle method. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Split a objective block in two using a brick bolster. Run a builder’s line from each of the four pegs. For example, a triangle with sides exactly 3, 4 and 5 metres long - a right angle will form at the corner where the shorter sides meet. Next, clamp a length of balustrade into position with its grooved edge facing down. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. Suggest a post Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Slide the second board into place, making sure the fasteners fit into the groove. Guest article The centre spacing between joists for horizontal boards should be 400mm, while the spacing for diagonal boards is slightly less at 300mm. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Want to write for If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Guest posting guidelines Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Attach with two coach screws using a socket set with ratchet handle. Clear away all assemblage and rocks within this marked site. Want to contribute to our website Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the attribute. Starting in one corner of your decking area, fit start clips along one edge of the outer joist. Once you are happy with the positioning of the lights, use a try square to accurately mark the wood. Fitting will vary depending on what corporal you have chosen for your boards. Double check that each post is consolidation then secure in place with postcrete. Cut out the shape of the deck posts using a jigsaw - and not forgetting to treat the cut edges with an end grain guardian. Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. When positioning your next board, you should leave a small gap for expansion during wet weather, though not so large so as to create a large gap should your boards shrink. Submit blog post Create wooden props to hold the joist support posts in place. This will ensure the board is firmly secured to the decking frame. Place the post in the hole on top of the block, checking it’s straight using a spirit level. Submit a guest post These marks are where the coach screws will go. To attach them, put the nogging into position and add packers if thing. The easiest way to achieve this is by using the 3-4-5 triangle method. Top Tip: If you have chosen wooden decking boards, you should allow them to dry out & acclimatise for around one week before fitting. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Here’s a run-through of the common parts & terms used in the industry. Fill the holes with a quick-drying, ready-to-use concrete to just above ground level. Publish your guest post Once the site area has been prepared, it's essential to ensure that the sides of the deck are completely square. Measure and mark the post accurately with a square prior to making any cuts. On a small deck, three joists is sufficient (one in the middle and the others at the centre-point between the edge of the frame and the centre joist). Submit article Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. If you find that any of your joists bow slightly, fix them with the bow projecting upwards. It can be added to your deck at any time, though it will unremarkably need thorough thought in order to fit with the other elements of your deck. 2m apart) and cut the base and hand rails exactly to length. Double check that each post is unsloped then secure in place with postcrete. Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if requisite. These should be the depth of the screw's head and wide enough for a ratchet or socket attachment to tighten them. Sponsored post: Be careful to use galvanised screws to prevent rust. Submitting a guest post If you are edifice a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. Cut the lattice panel to fit these measurements with a jigsaw. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an additional joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Some items are needed for multiple stages in the process, but are only listed once, so be sure to check the steps for further detail. Become a contributor Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. You can inset borders into your decking as a bit of a feature, this is particularly handy if you have well established plants growing in the area you want to deck. Guest poster wanted Make sure you’ve measured and drilled accurately or else the bolts won’t work. Your central joists should run in the same direction that your deck boards will be. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. To join your joists, start by measuring and cutting the section you need to reach the necessary length. Drill holes through the joist into the post and set the heads using a flat wood drill bit to create the recess to house the screw heads. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. This is a guest post by Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step stringer and into the joist. Contribute to our site The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. This step is only necessary if you are fitting balustrading to your deck. This covers everything from how many boards you'll need to what design you should arrange them in. Contribute to this site Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. Want to contribute to our website The spacing of your inner joists is bloodsucking on your chosen decking design. Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. Guest post courtesy of For many, this will be the end of their build. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Guest column Follow manufacturer's instructions for setting time. Writers wanted When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. If necessary, plane or saw down its outer length to ensure that the inner edge is flush with the inside edge of the deck post. Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. To do this, cut the board to length and clamp it in position in front of the deck posts, overhanging the sub-frame. To avoid having to skew screws, it’s best to stagger the noggings; bear this in mind when planning where they will be positioned. Guest post by Again, do not fully tighten the screws. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. Many decking structures are fixed to buildings and act as an string of the home out into the garden. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite direction to the inner joists. Guest poster wanted Make sure that they are not too close to the edges, or else they will weaken the joist. Writers wanted Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Guest column And get creative with leftover deck boards. 8m in any given direction - we recommend 1. Some items are needed for multiple stages in the process, but are only listed once, so be sure to check the steps for further detail. Add different elements to your garden look by change of integrity decking with other materials like >paving slabs. Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the attribute. Newel posts are the spindles related to to the outer frame which your railings rest on. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. This is a guest post by Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Submit your content Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Write for us One placed centrally with the other two positioned at centres between the outer frame and the central joist. Attach the wire mesh to the batten frame or directly to the lattice panel with wood staples and a hammer. The sub-frame forms the deck’s outer system. Want to contribute to our website The hidden fastening system creates a uniformed 6mm expansion gap between boards when fitted width to width, and a 3mm gap fitted end to end. Block off the area around it by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists (secured either end with two coach screws). This will give you a straight edge from which to lay the rest of your deck boards. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. Otherwise you can move on to building & attaching the steps or adding a pergola. Contribute to our site Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. Submit guest article To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. For accuracy, measure the intervals using a spacer made from a wood off-cut, as shown. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and perpendicular to the joists. When laying deck boards, it’s best to pre-drill all holes with a 2mm bit to prevent damage or splitting. It is recommended that you position all the boards of your deck on your frame before fixing anything in place. Our example is of a deck that is:. Nail the third piece - the crosspiece - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile.


How to plan & build a raised deck blog for us

Finish your decking posts with post caps or ball tops. Before you build the deck, the site needs to be equipt. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. Submit an article Remember that they need to run in the opposite direction to the joists. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. Also check that the corners are square using a set square. Guest column Our example is of a deck that is:. Please give thanks that while we have made every effort to ensure the accuracy of all information on this site, this cannot always be guaranteed. Guest poster wanted Attach with two coach screws using a socket set with ratchet handle. Sponsored post If no hard landscape gardening exists there already, ruminate laying an area of objective or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Make sure that they are not too close to the edges, or else they will weaken the joist. Guest post by More complex builds can then move on to creating from raw materials steps or a pergola. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). Otherwise you can move onto fitting your joists. Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. If you are adding a fascia then you will need to bit the screws. Place the nails roughly 50mm from the top of the stakes. Before You Start Your Build – Decking terminology & anatomy – Working safely with decking. Dig out around the posts to a depth of 700mm and a width of 300mm, as you did with the corner posts. If the measurement is less than 1500mm, the angle's too small and needs to be opened up a bit. Guest posting Any multiples of 3, 4 and 5 will follow the same pattern. Lay boards at the outer edge of the sub-frame and move inwards. Timber deck boards require a 5 to 8mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Slot the cut deck board into position. Submit post Once the load-bearing frame to your deck has been built, we can move on to laying the decking boards. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. If your deck is elevated above 300mm from the ground, you may need to fit balustrading to comply with building regulations. This allows the newel posts to sit on the joists cleanly, while the remaining timber can be bolted to the joists – fixing the newel posts to the body structure firmly. Arrange the holes alternately at the top and bottom. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s positioning on both of the joists it will join to. The sub-frame forms the deck’s outer skeleton. And while it might look intimidating, a decking is well within the means of anyone willing to learn their way. And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. This could work peculiarly well on a decking split over two levels. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. It’s important to properly prepare this ground beforehand so as to prevent any issues in the future. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Even if you don’t notice an obvious bowing, check the joists are level with the sub-frame using a straightedge. Screw the step assembly firmly to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Want to write an article Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the contrary side. Guest posts wanted Nail the third piece - the crosspiece - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile. The gap between the centre of one post and the centre of the next should be a maximum of 1. Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. It will also ensure that your finished deck will look professional. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Want to write an article For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Drill pilot holes through the step assembly and the sub-frame joist. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Hopefully this has given you the confidence to press ahead with your build. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. Remember that they need to run in the opposite direction to the joists. Guest posts In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. If you're laying timber deck boards in a horizontal pattern, the distance between the centre of one joist and the centre of the next should be a maximum of 450mm. Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. Then drill two holes to that depth on either end of both the hand and base rails. Measure from the bottom of your sub-frame to the ground. This can be a practical feature as well, hiding away thing you wish to store beneath your decking and preventing small children and pets from vagabondage underneath. Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its position. One placed centrally with the other two positioned at centres between the outer frame and the central joist. Contribute to our site Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the attribute. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. Arrange the holes alternately at the top and bottom. Drill pilot holes using an 6mm wood drill bit. Cut the inner joists to length and attach to the joist sub-frame with two countersunk coach screws at either end, or to the wall joist using joist hangers. Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a circular saw. Guest post Then add another coach screw to the base of the second post to secure it. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Sponsored post Work out how high you would like the balustrade to be. This will mark the corner of the decking. Guest posters wanted Step 2: Building The Deck Frame. Attach the wire mesh to the batten frame or directly to the lattice panel with wood staples and a hammer. Attach with two coach screws using a socket set with ratchet handle. Submit guest article Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. These are small bits of wood fitted perpendicular to adjoining joists which add rigidity to the deck frame. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. The 3-4-5 Triangulum method uses simple geometry to create perfect right angles at the corners. Suggest a post Continue the process until you finish your raised timber deck. Submit an article Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. If you have to secure the joist onto an unexposed side of the frame, drill two skewed pilot holes on each side before securing with screws. Submit guest article In our steps below, we will measure 900mm - 1200mm - 1500mm (or you could measure 3ft - 4ft - 5ft). Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Clear away all collection and rocks within this marked site. Contribute to our site Please give thanks that while we have made every effort to ensure the accuracy of all information on this site, this cannot always be guaranteed. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. Use a spirit level and straight edge to check that the pads are level with each other, and if not, use a brick trowel to level off the highest points while the concrete is still semi-dry. The centre of each crossbeam should be parallel with the perimeter of the cleared area. Nail the third piece - the crosspiece - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile. Remove the decreased sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its noesis integrity. If necessary plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. Contribute to this site Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses in the joist - just deep enough for the nuts and wide enough to allow access for a socket spanner. Accepting guest posts If you need to avoid any obstacles, such as a pipe, then measure and cut the joist consequently. The following step-by-step instructions show you how to lay all timber deck boards, including Walksure or Grassedeck boards. If necessary, drill a pilot hole to prevent splitting. Guest posting Run a builder’s line from each profile to its opposite and tie it taut, checking that it's absolutely naiant and not angled. Where you have had chance to dry out your boards prior to installation, you should leave between 7-10mm gap between boards.


Decking Help guest posts wanted

Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. Guest posting rules Cut notches in the first board to fit around the deck posts. It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. Use at least three screws per block, as these legs will be taking all the weight. For help on cutting deck boards, head to the 'How to cut deck boards' section of our article 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck'. Submit article Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the balusters. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the contrary side. Attach with two coach screws using a socket set with ratchet handle. For more on the different deck board arrangements, head back to our planning article. Clamp the baserail in place, and fix it to the deck posts with countersunk screws. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a circular saw. If your decking has an obstacle, such as a drain, add extra noggings around it for additional support. Attach the sub-frame joists to the wall joist with metal joist hangers and 50mm galvanised nails. 3-5mm is normally ample width to allow for this – roughly the width of a fixing screw. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. Often boards will have been stored in warehouses or lumberyards where the temperature and moisture levels may have been variable. If laying the deck over lawn, mark out the area then dig out to a depth of 50mm. Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the attribute. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposite post and cut sections of joist to length. Guest poster wanted The grooved side edges of solid complex boards accommodate a hidden fastening system, which allows for a smooth finish across the deck floor. Submit blog post To join your joists, start by measuring and cutting the section you need to reach the necessary length. Guest contributor guidelines To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. On the line, mark guide holes at 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the frame. Slide the second board into place, making sure the fasteners fit into the groove. Split a objective block in two using a brick bolster. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Guest post- Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Use a hand tool (a deck board is perfect for this) with a spirit level on top to check that the whole area is level, and level out any slight unevenness in the ground. You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. Make sure that they are not too close to the edges, or else they will weaken the joist. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Submit guest article It doesn't matter which side as long as they're level down each length and flush ready for the outer joists to be fixed later. Measure the distance between the end of the angled board and the ground, when doing this remove 5mm as you don’t want the board to be touching the ground at any point. Countersink the facing and screw to the frame, making sure that the deck facing is flush with the top face of your decking. Contributor guidelines See Step 9: Adding a Pergola for more info on this. Your central joists should run in the same direction that your deck boards will be. Timber deck boards require a 5 to 8mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. If they are the same, then each corner will be a right angle. Writers wanted Joists run in the opposition direction to the deck boards, so it's big to have settled on a decking design. Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the attribute. If you don’t, you will need to have one fitted by a qualified electrician. Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a circular saw. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. Don’t cut down a tree - build your deck around it by including a bit more sub-structure to frame the trunk. If requirement plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. Place the joist into position so that its centre lines up with the 400mm spacer mark. More complex builds can then move on to creating from raw materials steps or a pergola. Consider using a layered surface deck board, such as the Walksure or Grassedeck deck boards, for your steps. Become an author And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Cut two of the three pieces to a point at one end as these form stakes that will be driven into the ground. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. This stage involves fixing one joist directly to the wall. Guest posters wanted For a basic, small deck, you can probably get away with using just three joists. Follow steps one and two of 'How to add decking steps' before play step one below. It will also ensure that your finished deck will look authority. They'll also instantly transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. If you find that any of your joists bow slightly, fix them with the bow projecting upwards. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Submit guest article Once these are installed there's no way to move them if they've been put in the wrong place. When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. We recommend the following products based on the scale of your project. To raise the frame, cut four blocks of tanalised timber to the desired height. Submit article If you find that any of your joists bow slightly, fix them with the bow projecting upwards. The gap between the centre of one post and the centre of the next should be a maximum of 1. Choose what surface your decking is going to be laid on. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Submit guest post At this stage, your build can move on to fixing the joists. The length of the saw's blade determines how wide and thick the cutting material can be. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. The grooved side edges of solid complex boards accommodate a hidden fastening system, which allows for a smooth finish across the deck floor. And get creative with leftover deck boards. If clearing turf, use an edger to cut into the lawn (it provides a clean, straight cut) and remove the grass with a spade. Hold the board flush with the top of the step stringer and predrill your holes. You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised vegetable patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. You don’t want to end up with a wonky deck!. Become a contributor If laying the deck over lawn, mark out the area then dig out to a depth of 50mm. Screw the step assembly firmly to the sub-frame with four more countersunk coach screws. Guest post by Remember that they need to run in the diametric counselling to the joists. Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. To fit the newel posts you will often need a jigsaw or circular saw to cut out a chunk of the wood in the foot of the post (known as ‘rebating’ the posts). Put the fascia into role and place small offcuts of wood or packers underneath the fascia to level it. Continue the decking look onto the walls for an attractive feature (pictured). Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Contribute to this site Next, clamp a length of balustrade into position with its grooved edge facing down. When fitting you should check that all of your joists & the outer frame come together at right angles. Also check that the corners are square using a set square. We would always encourage you to seek thorough advice from a professional before undertaking any work. If your deck will be sitting on grass or soil, you’ll need to place blocks or slabs underneath edge leg to spread the load and provide a level, stable base. If it's more than 1500mm, the angle's too big and needs to be closed. This is a guest post by Please give thanks that while we have made every effort to ensure the accuracy of all information on this site, this cannot always be guaranteed. Install start clips against each riser of the first step. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Guest post opportunities There are two options when building on soft ground:. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Adding lighting to your decking means that you can enjoy the area long after the sun goes down. Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Double check that each post is consolidation then secure in place with postcrete. A basic open stair is all that’s necessary on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Use pieces of timber, we suggest 19mm x 38mm or similar for a good size. Repeat this process for each of the steps. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Replace your drill bit for one that's thinner than your coach screw's shank. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position.


How To Lay Garden Decking guest author

The centre spacing between joists for horizontal boards should be 400mm, while the spacing for diagonal boards is slightly less at 300mm. Submit post This helps give the deck a longer lifespan as the artifact is securely fixed; it also raises the frame above ground, preventing the immersion of rainwater. Staggering the boards involves leaving a larger gap than you might normally, though this is risky as your boards may shrink and leave big gaps in the surface. Top Tip: Using grooved boards which run down the slope of your build will help any freshwater to by nature drain from your decking surface. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. Guest posts wanted Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Use a support lined up with the groove in the handrail to work out the emplacement of the baserail. DIY fitters should follow these steps when setting their footing –. Run a builder’s line from each of the four pegs. For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Submit guest post Clamp a length of base rail in a workbench and drill pilot holes 100mm apart all the way through the rail. Fit a sheet of weed-control fabric around the posts and cover it with gravel. This allows the newel posts to sit on the joists cleanly, while the remaining timber can be bolted to the joists – fixing the newel posts to the body structure firmly. The corner posts should not be right in the corners but offset to one side by the width of a post. Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Submit a guest post Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain guardian. If you need access, consider hinging or a different fixing to be able to easily remove the panels. We recommend the following products based on the scale of your project. Submit guest article Position them immediately beneath the joists of the sub-frame. Guest contributor guidelines It's really simple to build a planter out of deck boards. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Once all the lights are in place, connect each head to the next in the series. Guest post Adjust the put off of the lines on the profiles until they cross straight off above the corner of the cleared deck area. Guest posts wanted Allow the concrete to set (as suggested by the instructions) before building the sub-frame. Start by deciding how far to space your deck posts (they shouldn't be any more than 1. Secondly, they keep the frame away from the ground, which prevents the absorption of groundwater (which can often lead to rot & the degradation of your frame). Dig out around the posts to a depth of 700mm and a width of 300mm, as you did with the corner posts. Fix the post to the sub-frame with two coach screws countersunk. It doesn't matter which side as long as they're level down each length and flush ready for the outer joists to be fixed later. Position the next deck post and fix it with just one coach screw for now, so that you can push it to one side while you fix the balustrade. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. Building a simple timber deck is a middling straightforward DIY job. This isn't executable for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of increase gap. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. If you plan to lay your deck on concrete slabs, you should follow these guidelines –. Be sure to check the most up-to-date Building Regulations. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line down. Finally, if you want to add railings or burning to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Guest author It can be added to your deck at any time, though it will unremarkably need thorough thought in order to fit with the other elements of your deck. Make timber profiles to help you set out the deck sub-frame accurately. Then add another coach screw to the base of the second post to secure it. The hidden fastening system creates a uniformed 6mm expansion gap between boards when fitted width to width, and a 3mm gap fitted end to end. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Guest blogger guidelines Lay your light fittings out into the position you would like them to be in, keeping in mind that the lights can’t be placed more than 1. Fix the side joists to the off-set corner posts, first checking that they are level. Your central joists should run in the same direction that your deck boards will be. Once all the lights are in place, connect each head to the next in the series. Also check that the corners are square using a set square. The following list of tools and materials includes everything you will need to lay a basic, ground-level deck. In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts. Position chairs and a table on the higher level, then set a sandpit into the lower shoe so you can sit and relax in a sand-free area whilst keeping a watchful eye over your little ones. Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Use a panel saw to spike one end of the prop to help secure it into the ground. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. This is because the decking posts slot in and are fixed to the corner posts, and then the deck boards fit around them. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. Contributing writer Measure from the bottom of your sub-frame to the ground. Mark the screw locations in pencil, ensuring that they're at least 15mm from the end of the board and at least 20mm from the outside edges. Drill holes through the joist into the post and countersink bit the heads using a flat wood drill bit to create the recess to house the screw heads. Submit blog post Cut two of the three pieces to a point at one end as these form stakes that will be driven into the ground. By this stage you should already have fitted your newel posts, which are an integral part of your balustrading. Submit blog post You can also hole the fixing points to achieve a power tool finish. Mark the location of each joist on the board. Often boards will have been stored in warehouses or lumberyards where the temperature and moisture levels may have been variable. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Guest posts Create a string line around the four corner posts. Once you have tested the lights, secure all the boards back into position. An unsupported solid asterid dicot family deck board jut out should not exceed 13mm. Put the cut deck board into position in line with the chalk line. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. Guest post by Secure the three sections in your bench or saw horse, ensuring that the 300mm mark lines up with the join in the joists. This will fix the boards in place and give the structure added durability. Continue round the deck fixing the joists to each post with two countersunk coach screws. Submit your content Split a factual block in two using a brick bolster. Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. Make timber profiles to help you set out the deck sub-frame accurately. Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. If you have gaps that need filling, start by activity the gaps and marking the required size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm treatment gap on either side. Lay your light fittings out into the position you would like them to be in, keeping in mind that the lights can’t be placed more than 1. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. Cut three 600mm lengths of 22mm x 100mm timber for each profile. Submit guest post Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. You should also fix your boards at the centre where they pass over joists or noggins. This gap should also be left between your deck boards and newel posts. Slide the second board into place, making sure the fasteners fit into the groove. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Lay out the joist frame and post the deck boards on top, creating the incumbent deck board expansion gaps. Guest post courtesy of If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into position and skip to step 6. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain guardian. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. When joining lengths of internal joist (which will be hidden by the deck boards), use two 600mm sections of joist off-cut sandwiched either side of the join for a stronger fix. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. If you add a handrail and balustrades they'll turn a functional stairway into an attractive feature as well as helping to prevent slips and falls. This should mark the spots where you should drill holes of at least 7cm in depth, to allow your screws to anchor the frame sufficiently to the wall. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Become a guest blogger Secure the board and create a clear chalk line. Whether you just want to relax in the sun, entertain guests or you need an taking feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame.


How to add steps & railing to decking writers wanted

For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. When intellection about the shape and size of your deck, plan it around the location design you want to have in that area. When positioning your next board, you should leave a small gap for expansion during wet weather, though not so large so as to create a large gap should your boards shrink. They shouldn’t be plugged in at this stage. Add gravel and smooth as you go. Cut the lattice panel to fit these measurements with a jigsaw. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite direction to the inner joists. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. Submit article If no hard landscape gardening exists there already, ruminate laying an area of objective or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). Drill guide holes into the wall using a 7mm masonry drill bit. Secondly, they keep the frame away from the ground, which prevents the absorption of groundwater (which can often lead to rot & the degradation of your frame). For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. The section titled 'How to lay timber deck boards' provides step-by-step help for timber boards. When marking out where to position noggings, bear in mind that they can't be spaced more than 1200mm apart and that it's easiest to stagger them to avoid having to skew screws when securing them. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Cut the wooden spindles down to size if necessary, bearing in mind all safety considerations and Building Regulation requirements. Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. A straight-edged deck is also easier to construct than one with a curved edge. At this stage, we can now begin fitting the joists. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. If you have gaps that need filling, start by measuring the gaps and marking the needful size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm expansion gap on either side. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. If you don’t have access to a circular saw or jigsaw you could always use a saw & chisel. Be sure to use a sharp countersink that will leave a clean hole. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. Use a spirit level and straight edge to check that the pads are level with each other, and if not, use a brick trowel to level off the highest points while the concrete is still semi-dry. Lift the turf in manageable strips, and save it someplace out of the way (it could be used around your completed deck later on). Slot the cut deck board into position. Become a guest blogger Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite direction to the inner joists. You might find it easier to drill and secure a corner at a time. Fix the side joists to the off-set corner posts, first checking that they are level. Note that we have furcate guides which will help you to –. Like timber decking, solid composite boards require expansion gaps. Mark the fascia board with a line at 50mm from each end. Once you’re happy that your boards are positioned beautifully & the deck frame is sufficiently covered, you can move on to fixing these in place. Drill pilot holes through the step assembly and the sub-frame joist. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. This will help you visualise the site. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step stringer and into the joist. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Position the second board and secure with 63mm solid whole deck screws from the top of the second board into the risers. Use a panel saw to spike one end of the prop to help secure it into the ground. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s positioning on both of the joists it will join to. Double check that each post is unsloped then secure in place with postcrete. When the railings are in place, you're ready to lay your deck boards. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step worker and into the joist. And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Allow the real to set (as recommended by the instructions) before building the sub-frame. They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. Attach the wire mesh to the batten frame or directly to the lattice panel with wood staples and a hammer. The grooved side edges of solid complex boards accommodate a hidden fastening system, which allows for a smooth finish across the deck floor. Before starting, check that you won't be blocking off any air bricks or meddling with the damp-proof course (DPC) by attaching the joist. If building your own steps, we suggest:. Want to write a post In our steps below, we will measure 900mm - 1200mm - 1500mm (or you could measure 3ft - 4ft - 5ft). Become a contributor Our LED decking lights come in either blue or white and look great set into decking steps or between decking levels. Guest column They require pilot holes (by 90% of the length of the screw with a HSS 3. Guest poster wanted When oil production large or deep holes into solid composite decking, periodically lift the drill bit out of each hole and remove the shavings with a gentle blow. They'll also instantly transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. At this stage you should also fit the deck frame facing – sometimes known as ‘edging the deck’. The rest of the decking's sub-frame is then aligned with it. Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. And don't worry if there are any existing features (such as trees or posts) that you can't, or don't want to remove - just work around them. To add your central support joists, measure from the inside of the frame on one side to the inside of the frame at the opposite side, then cut a length of joist accordingly. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. Once fully constructed, the horizontal joists & beams which support the decking are usually referred to as the decking ‘sub-frame’. Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. However if you’re looking to save money it’s worth looking at building your own. Submit guest article Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain preserver. Guest posts Joists run in the opposition direction to the deck boards, so it's big to have settled on a decking design. Measure and mark the post accurately with a square prior to making any cuts. If these run across your slope, they may collect rainwater & increase the moisture content of your boards. At this stage of the build, your build can go one of a number of ways, depending on your build complexity. If you are extending your lights, repeat the same process of choosing where to position the lights, marking out, drilling holes and connecting. Want to write for And while it might look intimidating, a decking is well within the means of anyone willing to learn their way. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Sponsored post: For accuracy, measure the intervals using a spacer made from a wood off-cut, as shown. Become a contributor Fit a sheet of weed-control fabric around the posts and cover it with gravel. Attach the wire mesh to the batten frame or directly to the lattice panel with wood staples and a hammer. Check that the lines are crossing directly at the corners by laying a joist along the edge of the cleared area - this represents the edge of the sub-frame. Alternatively, shorten or increase the outer frame so that your final decking row will finish flush to the edge of the joist frame. Solid complex deck boards are narrower than timber deck treads, and so two are required to be fitted width to width to provide a comfortably deep stair tread. Then drill two holes to that depth on either end of both the hand and base rails. Alternatively, go for deck tiles instead of deck boards for a different design. Use two decking screws where each board meets a joist. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s positioning on both of the joists it will join to. Measure the width of the step from the outer edge and cut a piece of deck board to length. You can then move onto gathering the deck frame. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Position any end to end joins between the deck boards halfway across an inner joist so that both boards can be screwed into the joist for extra unchangeability. To create this gap, make a spacer from a few stainless steel washers - they should measure a minimum of 10mm when fitted unneurotic. Once these are installed there's no way to move them if they've been put in the wrong place. And check that all gaps created are the same for a clothed finish. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Whereas for solid composite boards, read the section 'How to fit solid whole deck boards'. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. Block off the area around the tree by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists, secured either end with two coach screws. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. This will mark the corner of the decking. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same position for a uniform shade of green. Guest post opportunities Secure it with eight coach bolts sunk from the outside of the frame. They're available in three, four and six step options. Guest post courtesy of Add the blanking plug to cover the last socket. Guest posting guidelines Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. Blog for us Measure and stick masking tape 900mm from the corner on one line and 1200mm from the corner on the other. Then add another coach screw to the base of the second post to secure it. Articles wanted To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Measure and mark the post accurately with a square prior to making any cuts. A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. Create a suitably sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square.


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Here’s a run-through of the common parts & terms used in the industry. Become a contributor Repeat for the other 3 corners. There are two options when building on soft ground:. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. Become a contributor Measure the distance between the marks and cut sections of joist to the required length. If you plan to lay your deck on concrete slabs, you should follow these guidelines –. Hold the board flush with the top of the step stringer and predrill your holes. Work out how high you would like the balustrade to be. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. This post was written by Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. For extra stability, place half an aerated block at the base of the hole. Once all the lights are in place, connect each head to the next in the series. Submit an article Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts line with the angle of the steps. Use an edger to cut into the lawn for a erect cut, and then use a spade to remove the turf. Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. Mark the screw locations in pencil, ensuring that they're at least 15mm from the end of the board and at least 20mm from the outside edges. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. Include an expansion gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each board. Measure from this mark and repeat at 400mm intervals across the rest of the joist, making sure you never exceed the recommended spacing. Guest posting guidelines Use at least two screws per joist for each decking board. They provide the main support for your deck boards. Submit content If they are the same, then each corner will be a right angle. Get an accurate, detailed cost breakdown of your project. Looking for guest posts Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Position the last board into fasteners, overhanging the outer joist. Finish your decking posts with post caps or ball tops. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Cover the ground with landscaping fabric and add gravel. This will allow plenty of room for expansion during wetter periods. This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in business a raised timber deck. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Wherever there is an edge to the frame which is exposed & visible you should look to attach your decking boards. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. We recommend adding concrete pads as they're not only great for stabilising your deck; they'll ensure your decking lasts longer. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. If you’re taking on your own decking project then you’ll need to know your stuff!. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. Continue to work through your boards. At this stage, your build can move on to fixing the joists. You can add decorative skirting to the exposed space beneath a raised deck by fitting lattice panels. For example, a triangle with sides exactly 3, 4 and 5 metres long - a right angle will form at the corner where the shorter sides meet. To secure the joist to the frame, place it into position with the centre of the joist lining up with the 400mm spacer mark. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. We’d love to hear any natural action you might have or how you’re progressing with your decking – please get in touch using our contact forms. Submit content Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. If you are finding a fitter for your deck, you can skip this section & move on to our decking aftercare guide. Dig out around the posts to a depth of 700mm and a width of 300mm, as you did with the corner posts. Otherwise you can move onto fitting your joists. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an additional joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. Cut the outer joists of the sub-frame to length, remembering to allow for covering corner joints. Potential laying patterns for decking include: horizontal, diagonal, chevron (zig-zag like parquet flooring) and picture frame (boards in a diametrical orientation to frame the decking) deck boards. You should also fix your boards at the centre where they pass over joists or noggins. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. With the first board in place, slide the hidden fastener into the grooved edge of the deck board. It’s recommended that you read these before you start construction. To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid flower stair treads'. Sponsored post by Our LED decking lights come in either blue or white and look great set into decking steps or between decking levels. Create holes in the joists or noggings so the cables can be well-connected. You don’t want to end up with a wonky deck!. Measure and mark the outline of the deck posts accurately onto the deck board with a assemblage square or builder's square. A raised deck is a great way to make the most of space that can otherwise go unused, such as slopes and uneven areas. Guest column Add a gate to keep young children and pets safe in one place. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposition end and then back again. Remove the decreased sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll importantly weaken its noesis integrity. We would always encourage you to seek thorough advice from a professional before undertaking any work. For more on these, and other, decking accessories, check out our decking buyer's guide. Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. Submit content When oil production large or deep holes into solid composite decking, periodically lift the drill bit out of each hole and remove the shavings with a gentle blow. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Alternatively, go for deck tiles instead of deck boards for a different design. In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts. Adjust the position of the lines on the profiles until they cross directly above the corner of the cleared deck area. Some retailers do offer newel posts which are pre-sawn to ‘plug’ into the joists easily. Glue the wooden dowels into the holes and slot the balustrade assembly into place. Run a builder’s line from each of the four pegs. For advice on cleaning, painting and caring for your decking, check out our useful guide, How to clean, paint & care for your decking. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. At this stage of the build, your build can go one of a number of ways, depending on your build complexity. Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. For help on cutting deck boards, head to the 'How to cut deck boards' section of our article 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck'. Hang a line level from the middle of the taut string and hammer the profiles in until you get a level reading. Guest posting guidelines Position the saw on a sturdy, flat surface (such as a workbench) and clamp it into place. To join the frame, mark and drill pilot holes before fixing two characteristic grade 150mm timber drive screws into each corner. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. It is important that you fit your newel posts before laying your decking boards if you intend on fitting balustrading. Guest posting rules Then tie the line firmly in position at the cut. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. From initial conception, to your dream garden. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory. Before starting this process, check that your ledger board is perfectly straight and has not warped. Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Please give thanks that while we have made every effort to ensure the accuracy of all information on this site, this cannot always be guaranteed. When all the posts are in place and the concrete is set or hardened off, remove the lines, profiles and wooden props. Blog for us If your deck is railroad and there is a big drop from its surface to ground level, you will need to install steps. Screw the props to the joist support posts and use a spirit level to keep checking that the joist support posts are vertical. This is because the decking posts slot in and are fixed to the corner posts, and then the deck boards fit around them. Choose between mains-powered or solar-powered lights and silver or black surrounds, so you can match them to your desired look. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. For diagonally laid timber boards, the centres should measure 300mm. Registered in Exeter, EX1 1JG, England No. Position the solid composite deck board into the start clips and fix the universal fasteners to the front of the deck boards creating the 6mm discussion gap for the second board. They're available in three, four and six step options. Don’t worry about the surface lifting - it’s glued down with several continuous lines of glue, so the risk of this lifting is minimal. Secondly, they keep the frame away from the ground, which prevents the absorption of groundwater (which can often lead to rot & the degradation of your frame). In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts.


How to Build a Deck want to write a post

Submit blog post If your deck is elevated above 300mm from the ground, you may need to fit balustrading to comply with building regulations. Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. A lot of the work at this stage requires two pairs of hands. Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. Make sure you’ve measured and drilled accurately or else the bolts won’t work. Alternatively, shorten or increase the outer frame so that your final decking row will finish flush to the edge of the joist frame. Block off the area around it by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists (secured either end with two coach screws). When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. If your lattice panel has a frame, remove the frame batten from the discarded section by gently sound it away from the lattice with a hammer. Hang a line level from the middle of the taut string and hammer the profiles in until you get a level reading. On the line, mark guide holes at 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the frame. Use an edger to cut into the lawn for a erect cut, and then use a spade to remove the turf. Make sure the post is statant before continuing. For more on these, and other, decking accessories, check out our decking buyer's guide. This post was written by Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Guest blogger guidelines They are offset by the width of a post to allow deck posts (which will be needed when attaching railings or balustrades) to be slotted in later. If you need to add an angled board because your garden is sloping then start by attaching packers to the main joist frame, this will give you something to secure the fascia onto. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. Top Tip: If any of your newel posts or spindles will be hidden from plain view, sawing the top of these at an angle will allow water to run off & prevent any accumulation of water which may damage your deck in the long term. A gradient of 1 in 40 will usually suffice for a garden decking structure and this is recommended as the manufacture standard. For more on these, and other, decking accessories, check out our decking buyer's guide. Place the mains cable and driver inside the decking so that they will not be visible once you secure the boards back into position. You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. Contributing writer Then drill 38mm holes in each post at the four marked points. For an enchanting finish, and to aid voidance around your decking, simply add some gravel. Slot the cut deck board into position. Before You Start Your Build – Decking terminology & anatomy – Working safely with decking. Cover the ground with landscaping fabric and add gravel. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. Guest column To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. This isn't executable for solid composite deck boards as they have one standard size of increase gap. Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link different levels of the deck. Contribute to our site 3-5mm is normally ample width to allow for this – roughly the width of a fixing screw. You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Top Tip: If any of your newel posts or spindles will be hidden from plain view, sawing the top of these at an angle will allow water to run off & prevent any accumulation of water which may damage your deck in the long term. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. Place the nails roughly 50mm from the top of the stakes. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Articles wanted Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Many decking manufacturers will construct stringers, treads & risers which are pre-built to specific measurements to that they fit jointly easily. Our example is of decking that is:. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. Or go bold by slotting it between your deck boards for a truly tailored design (pictured). As well as posts at the four corners (corner posts), an elevated deck is also raised on joist support posts. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. The corner posts don’t sit right in the corners of the sub-frame. Use an edger to cut into the lawn for a erect cut, and then use a spade to remove the turf. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm external grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Contribute to our site Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus wood boards. From each of the four marks, use a set square to draw a straight vertical line. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm external grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Consider using a layered surface deck board, such as the Walksure or Grassedeck deck boards, for your steps. Writers wanted The corner posts should not be right in the corners but offset to one side by the width of a post. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite plant decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Check out our video on three ways to spruce up your decking with paint. Add a gate to keep young children and pets safe in one place. This step is only essential if you are fitting your deck to a creating from raw materials. The length of the saw's blade determines how wide and thick the cutting material can be. Offset the bolts slightly so they don’t come into contact. Then use 30mm galvanised screws to fix it to the cut edge of the lattice. Whether you just want to relax in the sun, entertain guests or you need an taking feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm external grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Guest column Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Nail the third piece - the crosspiece - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. The 3-4-5 triangle method uses simple pure mathematics to create perfect right angles at the corners. Then stand a spirit level vertically against it at the corner. And that’s it! How to build garden decking in 9 very simple steps. Decking Hero Ltd is a contestant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an get together advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. Guest post policy Use a tape measure to ensure the lights are evenly spaced. Screw the pieces put together to form an L or T shape. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses into each of the eight marks. Position the solid composite deck board into the start clips and fix the universal fasteners to the front of the deck boards creating the 6mm discussion gap for the second board. Position them immediately beneath the joists of the sub-frame. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Submit guest post Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Submit blog post A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. See our guide to choosing your decking boards. You’re then ready for the next stage of your build. Guest post- Lay boards at the outer edge of the sub-frame and move inwards. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Become a contributor To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposite end and then back again. 3-5mm is normally ample width to allow for this – roughly the width of a fixing screw. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. If you plan to lay decking that's raised, adjacent to a building or wall, or would like to add a balustrade, head over to our article on laying a raised deck for more information. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Be sure to check the most up-to-date Building Regulations. Then, place a concrete block into the hole, but do not install the posts at this stage. Top Tip: Cut a length of timber to your desired gap width. Submitting a guest post In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts. Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Once fully constructed, the horizontal joists & beams which support the decking are usually referred to as the decking ‘sub-frame’. Be sure to use a sharp countersink that will leave a clean hole.


How to build a basic, ground-level deck contributor guidelines

Position the last board into fasteners, overhanging the outer joist. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. A gauge screw makes an ideal spacer or use off-cuts of wood. Ideally the holes need to be about 300mm in length at the top and 400mm at the bottom. Guest post To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in business a raised timber deck. Submit an article Follow steps one and two of 'How to add decking steps' before starting step one below. Cut and lay squares of damp-proof course to sit between the concrete and the deck joists. Guest post If these run across your slope, they may collect rainwater & increase the moisture content of your boards. The hidden fastening system creates a uniformed 6mm expansion gap between boards when fitted width to width, and a 3mm gap fitted end to end. Put the cut deck board into position in line with the chalk line. For the rest of the boards, always screw into the second groove from each side and fix to the frame with 64mm decking screws. You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. Use enough washers to ensure a 10mm gap between the wall and the wall plate. Once you have both sides of your stringer complete, you can move onto constructing your deck steps –. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. Guest article Use enough washers to ensure a 10mm gap between the wall and the wall plate. Use a combination square to mark an accurate line across the deck board. You may need to stagger the boards across your deck, and when the ends of the deck boards meet, they will need to be fastened to a joist with four hidden fasteners (two for each end of the board). Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link different levels of the deck. The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts. Write for us Add a gate to keep young children and pets safe in one place. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. At this stage we can move on to fixing joists to your outer frame. Sponsored post This will help you visualise the site. Finish your decking posts with post caps or ball tops. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. Once secure, the frame of your structure can be attached to the ledger & should be firmly anchored to the adjoining wall. If you are edifice a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. Potential laying patterns for decking include: horizontal, diagonal, chevron (zig-zag like parquet flooring) and picture frame (boards in a diametrical orientation to frame the decking) deck boards. Coat the cut ends with an end grain preserver using a brush. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. For a two-tone look try painting the deck boards a different colour to the railings or balustrades around it. If necessary plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. An additional extra but can help to make your decking safer & visually appealing. Staggering the boards involves leaving a larger gap than you might normally, though this is risky as your boards may shrink and leave big gaps in the surface. If you're not fixing to a wall, fix the joists to all the corner posts as per the following steps. For diagonally laid timber boards, the centres should measure 300mm. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. As well as posts at the four corners (corner posts), an elevated deck is also raised on joist support posts. Pour changeful concrete into the holes and slope the concrete away from the posts. Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is hanging down by a suitable block or slab. Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. See our guide to choosing your decking boards. If requirement plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. This is a guest post by If necessary plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Repeat this at the paired end of the board, as this will ensure the board remains straight, and then work down the board, fixing the screws into each joist below. Become a contributor The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. For an enchanting finish, and to aid voidance around your decking, simply add some gravel. All decking requires the same materials underneath the frame – ledger, joists, beams & support posts in solid footing. At this stage we can move on to fixing joists to your outer frame. We recommend the following products based on the scale of your project. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. Become an author Let's start with constructing your elevated deck. Estimate your project costs instantly with Build It's interactive self-build cost reckoner. Contribute to our site Use either a drill driver with socket attachment, or socket and ratchet to tighten the coach screws into place. Insert 6mm x 100mm screws through the holes in the wall plate and hang galvanised or plastic washers on the end. On larger decks, set joists at 400mm centres. You’re then ready for the next stage of your build. For the rest of the boards, always screw into the second groove from each side and fix to the frame with 64mm decking screws. Whereas for solid composite boards, read the section 'How to fit solid whole deck boards'. Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. Run a builder’s line from each of the four pegs. Continue to work through your boards. Start by measure and marking out your decking area. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. Guest post Lay out the joist frame and post the deck boards on top, creating the incumbent deck board expansion gaps. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Start in one corner of your sub-frame and position the first board across the inner joists, so that the deck board is in the opposite direction to the inner joists. Decking can be attached to a fixed wall using ledger board. A lot of the work at this stage requires two pairs of hands. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. You can also hole the fixing points to achieve a power tool finish. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. This list includes everything you will need to build a raised deck. Once the site area has been prepared, it's biogenic to ensure that the sides of the deck are completely square. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Lift the turf in manageable strips, and save it someplace out of the way (it could be used around your completed deck later on). The 3-4-5 Triangulum method uses simple geometry to create perfect right angles at the corners. To fit the newel posts you will often need a jigsaw or circular saw to cut out a chunk of the wood in the foot of the post (known as ‘rebating’ the posts). But there are plenty of other options. Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the balusters. Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. Guest blogger guidelines Use the wooden spacer again to align the spindles precisely. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. 2m apart) and cut the base and hand rails exactly to length. Guest post by If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. Follow steps one and two of 'How to add decking steps' before play step one below. Place the joist into position so that its centre lines up with the 400mm spacer mark. Run a builder’s line from each of the four pegs. Where you have had chance to dry out your boards prior to installation, you should leave between 7-10mm gap between boards. Cut the inner joists to length and attach to the joist sub-frame with two countersunk coach screws at either end, or to the wall joist using joist hangers. This can help make them extremely secure. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. Cut the inner joists to length and attach to the joist sub-frame with two countersunk coach screws at either end, or to the wall joist using joist hangers. It will also ensure that your finished deck will look authority. Place the light fittings into position. Guest article Before You Start Your Build – Decking terminology & anatomy – Working safely with decking. An additional extra but can help to make your decking safer & visually appealing. There must be a gap between the timber and the wall to allow rainwater to run down the wall and not pool on the decking. Follow steps one and two of 'How to add decking steps' before play step one below.


How to install deck lighting this is a guest post by

See our guide on this for more collection. Install the next set of hidden fasteners on the other side of the second board in the same manner as before. And don't worry if there are any existing features (such as trees or posts) that you can't, or don't want to remove - just work around them. Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Then tie the line firmly in position at the cut. Like steps, a pergola can be the ideal addition to the main deck and can really extolment the aesthetics of your structure. When all the posts are in place and the concrete is set or case-hardened off, remove the lines, profiles and wooden props. When you reach the edge of your structure, you will likely need to measure & cut your boards so they fit into the frame. To lay the rest of your deck head to our 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck' article. There are usually two methods of fitting joists where beams have been used in the construction of the decking frame –. Measure and cut a 600mm section and mark at 300mm to show where the centre point is. Holes should be drilled in the centre of the board – one hole for every 16 inches. Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain preserver. Guest article To begin laying the boards of your deck, displace the first board to the edge of the frame closest to your building. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. Cut the inner joists to length and attach to the joist sub-frame with two countersunk coach screws at either end, or to the wall joist using joist hangers. Measure and plan the position of the holes so that the bolts are secured into the brickwork and not the mortar. Use a tape measure to ensure the lights are evenly spaced. Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark. Become an author The recommended spacing between joists depends on whether you intend to position your boards horizontal or diagonal. Alternatively, shorten or increase the outer frame so that your final decking row will finish flush to the edge of the joist frame. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses in the joist - just deep enough for the nuts and wide enough to allow access for a socket spanner. Guest-blogger For this step-by-step, we’ve used pre-finished decking boards, which typically won’t need re-treating for at least two years after installation. Want to write for Measure across the inside of the frame at your joist marks, then cut lengths of the tanalised timber to suit. If you are attaching fascia boards to the decking, as we are here, then you’ll need to allow for an overhang. This is a guest post by Drill holes at 400mm intervals along the length of the joist being fixed to the wall. Once fully constructed, the horizontal joists & beams which support the decking are usually referred to as the decking ‘sub-frame’. Lay your light fittings out into the position you would like them to be in, keeping in mind that the lights can’t be placed more than 1. This will give you a straight edge from which to lay the rest of your deck boards. For extra stability, place half an aerated block at the base of the hole. Follow steps one and two of 'How to add decking steps' before play step one below. This allows the newel posts to sit on the joists cleanly, while the remaining timber can be bolted to the joists – fixing the newel posts to the body structure firmly. Want to write an article Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its position. Or keep things simple with a complete railings kit. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Adjust the put off of the lines on the profiles until they cross straight off above the corner of the cleared deck area. Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Become a contributor Make sure you’ve measured and drilled accurately or else the bolts won’t work. There are two options when building on soft ground:. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Guest posters wanted We’d love to hear any natural action you might have or how you’re progressing with your decking – please get in touch using our contact forms. Become a guest blogger Fit a sheet of weed-control fabric around the posts and cover it with gravel. Cut the wooden spindles down to size if necessary, bearing in mind all safety considerations and Building Regulation requirements. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Once you know how many internal joists you need, you can measure and cut consequently. Put the wall plate into position in line with your guideline and use packers to support the timber if needs be. Guest contributor guidelines Check that they don't hap with the eventual positions of the joist hangers. Want to contribute to our website Position the last board into fasteners, overhanging the outer joist. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position. Solid composite deck boards are narrower than timber deck treads, and so two are required to be fitted width to width to provide a comfortably deep stair tread. Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as realistic and covering all of the area under the deck. Before starting this process, check that your ledger board is perfectly straight and has not warped. Otherwise you can move on to laying your decking boards. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Mark a 12mm drill bit with masking tape at 38mm from the tip. Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts line with the angle of the steps. Or go bold by slotting it between your deck boards for a truly tailored design (pictured). Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Line up the deck tiles to get a horizontal design or opt for an eye-catching checkerboard effect by aligning horizontal and stand-up deck tiles (pictured). Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. Finish your decking posts with post caps or ball tops. You can add decorative skirting to the exposed space beneath a raised deck by fitting lattice panels. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its position. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit. Contributor guidelines Then, move your joists into position. Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. Submit article Create holes in the joists or noggings so the cables can be well-connected. There must be a gap between the timber and the wall to allow rainwater to run down the wall and not pool on the decking. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Submit a guest post Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposite post and cut sections of joist to length. Add the blanking plug to cover the last socket. From that line, drop the board down by 10mm to allow for elaboration and draw a level line using a spirit level. The sub-frame forms the deck’s outer system. But there are plenty of other options. Guest posters wanted Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. This post was written by Line up a piece of joist with your mark and temporarily secure it in place with a 64mm deck screw. Contributor guidelines Clamp a length of base rail in a workbench and drill pilot holes 100mm apart all the way through the rail. Use a 40mm flat wood drill bit to make countersunk holes around each of the marks. If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. At this stage we can move on to fixing joists to your outer frame. This stage involves fixing one joist directly to the wall. When the railings are in place, you're ready to lay your deck boards. This list includes everything you will need to build a raised deck. A lot of the work at this stage requires two pairs of hands. Double check that each post is unsloped then secure in place with postcrete. Decking Hero Ltd is a contestant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an get together advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. Remove this soil to a depth of 700mm, being sure to avoid any cables or pipes as you go. Submit guest post At this stage, we can now begin fitting the joists. Hammer two profiles into the ground at each corner of the site, about 450mm beyond the cleared area. Guest blogger guidelines Measure out lengths of joist to sit on the outer face of the sub-frame between the deck posts, and attach these with deck screws as you fix the posts. These will act as additional support for your steps and can be staggered into position and secured like the past noggings in the frame. When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Submit content Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm external grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. Once all the noggings are in place, do any final levelling and check that all joists are supported at 500mm intervals.


How to Build a Deck want to write an article

Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Contribute to our site Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. Secure the step worker in place with countersunk 100mm screws, repeat this process on all exposed sides of the stringer. When all the posts are in place and the concrete is set or case-hardened off, remove the lines, profiles and wooden props. You don’t want to end up with a wonky deck!. If you are finding a fitter for your deck, you can skip this section & move on to our decking aftercare guide. Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. Our example is of a deck that is:. If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). Position the first baluster, checking it's section with a spirit level. Cut the inner joists to length and attach to the joist sub-frame with two countersunk coach screws at either end, or to the wall joist using joist hangers. Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. Make a mark on the wall through each hole. Then drill 38mm holes in each post at the four marked points. Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is hanging down by a suitable block or slab. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. As a final check, measure the diagonal distances from corner to corner. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a individual edge. Before you start, head to our guide to design your decking project for an essential making known. Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. Smooth down any rough or cut edges with abradant and treat with an end grain shielder. To create this gap, make a spacer from a few stainless steel washers - they should measure a minimum of 10mm when fitted unneurotic. For help on cutting deck boards, head to the 'How to cut deck boards' section of our article 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck'. Start by measure and marking out your decking area. Stagger the deck board joins across the deck for greater strength, and arrange them in a regular pattern for an magnetic finish. This can help make them extremely secure. For extra stability, place half an aerated block at the base of the hole. In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts. Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. Your boards should sit no more than 5 inches away from a load-bearing beam or joist. Cut the wooden spindles down to size if necessary, bearing in mind all safety considerations and Building Regulation requirements. To ensure the boards are straight, secure with a screw in one end then move to the opposite end and then back again. Submit content Place a section of block into each of the holes, making sure they are firmly in place. Decide how to space the deck posts (we recommend a maximum of 1. Like our Facebook page for regular design ideas, expert tips & offers to save you £100’s Don’t miss out, join hundreds of fellow DIY enthusiasts. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Once you’re happy that your boards are positioned beautifully & the deck frame is sufficiently covered, you can move on to fixing these in place. Articles wanted Notched posts are specially profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. If you need to extend your internal joists, follow the same method as you did to join the external joists but with the addition of an extra 600mm section on the opposite side, to sandwich the joist in place. Learn more: Decking for your project. Some retailers do offer newel posts which are pre-sawn to ‘plug’ into the joists easily. Guest post- Let's start with constructing your elevated deck. Once secure, the frame of your structure can be attached to the ledger & should be firmly anchored to the adjoining wall. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. If you find that any of your joists bow slightly, fix them with the bow projecting upwards. Contributor guidelines And that’s it! How to build garden decking in 9 very simple steps. Guest post opportunities Lay boards at the outer edge of the sub-frame and move inwards. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Submit your content Make a mark on the wall through each hole. Repeat this at each end of the four sections of the frame. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Or go bold by slotting it between your deck boards for a truly tailored design (pictured). Guest column You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an unputdownable effect. As well as being safe, they add a decorative touch, so are not exclusively for raised decking, but for ground-level decking too. For diagonally laid timber boards, the centres should measure 300mm. It’s recommended that you read these before you start construction. Step 7: Fitting The Balustrading. Before starting, check that you won't be blocking off any air bricks or meddling with the damp-proof course (DPC) by attaching the joist. Position the assembled steps against the sub-frame of the deck and in the centre of the step support pad. If you don’t, you will need to have one fitted by a qualified electrician. Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Write for us Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. An additional extra but can help to make your decking safer & visually appealing. This list includes everything you will need to build a raised deck. First, follow these steps to idea your stringer –. We recommend production pilot holes for the screws to help prevent the wood from splitting. Submit your content This is probably the most popular method by which to build a deck & for good reason. Start by measuring the leave behind between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. A straight-edged deck is also easier to construct than one with a curved edge. This post was written by Safety is perfectly paramount with decking projects, as they are often quite complex & labour-intensive. If building your own steps, we suggest:. Position the concentrated steps against the sub-frame of the deck and in the centre of the step support pad. Then, measure and mark a pilot hole guide 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. Unless your deck is at ground level, you'll need steps to give you easy access to your garden or link different levels of the deck. Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. With the first row in place, you can now start the second row - memory to include the relevant treatment gap between the boards. Submit blog post Then simply cut and fix the deck boards to fit around it. This will fix the boards in place and give the structure added durability. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. If mentation around a step or a sill check the design fits by taking an offcut of deck board, holding it up to the lowest part of the sill and marking a small line beneath it. This helps give the deck a longer lifespan as the artifact is securely fixed; it also raises the frame above ground, preventing the immersion of rainwater. Note that we have furcate guides which will help you to –. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. Glue the wooden dowels into the holes and slot the balustrade assembly into place. Solid flower deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Nail the third piece - the crossbeam - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile. Become an author Repeat this at each end of the four sections of the frame. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Make the corner post more secure by fitting a piece of joist off-cut between the corner post and the first inner joist. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. This step is only necessary if you are fitting balustrading to your deck. Double check that each post is unsloped then secure in place with postcrete. Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. Guest post guidelines If looking to lay solid composite decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Submit guest post Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. Screw these to the inside fo the frame at each corner, ensuring they’re flush with the top. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia.


How to add steps & railing to decking submit blog post

Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its situation. Even if you don’t notice an obvious bowing, check the joists are level with the sub-frame using a straightedge. If your deck is elevated above 300mm from the ground, you may need to fit balustrading to comply with building regulations. 2m apart) and cut the base and hand rails exactly to length. These can be typically split into those above & below the frame (the main structure holding the decking in place) –. Suggest a post More complex builds can then move on to creating from raw materials steps or a pergola. Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. Lift the turf in manageable strips, and save it someplace out of the way (it could be used around your completed deck later on). On a small deck, three joists is sufficient (one in the middle and the others at the centre-point between the edge of the frame and the centre joist). From initial conception, to your dream garden. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. Submit blog post Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. So a bit of extra time spent now on checking the site can help prevent any unwanted problems later on. A stress free, intuitive experience. Before you start, head to our guide to planning your decking project for an substantial introduction. Once the boards are all laid, measure the gap on the steps. Once the site area has been prepared, it's essential to ensure that the sides of the deck are completely square. Let's start with constructing your elevated deck. And for any budding artists, why not try creating unique painted decking with a bespoke design? Get creative and paint a pattern or picture on your decking – you can be sure no-one else will have the same look. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. If you want to minimise the occurrence of joists through the spaces between your deck boards, paint the top of them black. Become a contributor There are usually two methods of fitting joists where beams have been used in the construction of the decking frame –. At this stage, your build can move on to fixing the joists. Include a bit more sub-structure to frame the obstacle and support the deck boards. Each start clip should be centred on each outer and inner joist. Then use 30mm galvanised screws to fix it to the cut edge of the lattice. If looking to lay solid flower decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. Registered in Exeter, EX1 1JG, England No. Holes should be drilled in the centre of the board – one hole for every 16 inches. Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. You can add decorative skirting to the exposed space beneath a raised deck by fitting lattice panels. This stage involves fixing one joist directly to the wall. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. Be careful not to tighten too much or you may risk crushing the wooden ledger board. Holes should be drilled in the centre of the board – one hole for every 16 inches. Mark a 12mm drill bit with masking tape at 38mm from the tip. Follow manufacturer's instructions for setting time. Add a gate to keep young children and pets safe in one place. Once these are installed there's no way to move them if they've been put in the wrong place. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. For soft ground, place paving stones on top of the gravel; this will support the joists and preserve the timber. Run a builder’s line from each of the four pegs. Double check that each post is unsloped then secure in place with postcrete. Blog for us Attach the wire mesh to the batten frame or directly to the lattice panel with wood staples and a hammer. Be sure to check the most up-to-date Building Regulations. Solid complex deck boards are narrower than timber deck treads, and so two are required to be fitted width to width to provide a comfortably deep stair tread. Pour changeful building material into the holes and slope the concrete away from the posts. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Writers wanted Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the balusters. Place the nails roughly 50mm from the top of the stakes. Allow the concrete to set (as suggested by the instructions) before building the sub-frame. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Guest post policy And get creative with leftover deck boards. They provide the main support for your deck boards. Blog for us They're ideal if there's a shape to cut and work well cutting notches and curves in deck boards around obstacles such as posts. A straight-edged deck is also easier to construct than one with a curved edge. Then drill two holes to that depth on either end of both the hand and base rails. Guest post courtesy of Repeat this at each end of the four sections of the frame. Our How to video below will take you through the easy steps. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. If you are adding the lights to the top of a deck, make sure that they are positioned over the centre of a deck board and not directly over any joists. Before starting, check that you won't be blocking off any air bricks or meddling with the damp-proof course (DPC) by attaching the joist. FAQ: How do I add a curve to my decking? Overlapping your decking boards is the best way to add a curved edge to your structure, as it allows you to saw & sand a curve into the surface. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Use a support lined up with the groove in the handrail to work out the emplacement of the baserail. Want to write an article If you build a tall enough frame, you can even use the space underneath your decking as additional garden storage. Submit guest post Repeat this process for each of the steps. Mark out two evenly spaced pilot holes and drill through the side of the step worker and into the joist. From each of the four marks, use a set square to draw a straight vertical line. Apply a protective handling to any cut or sunken timber - be it deck boards, joists or posts - before assembling. When intellection about the shape and size of your deck, plan it around the location design you want to have in that area. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Glue the wooden dowels into the holes and slot the balustrade assembly into place. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. Step 6: Fit The Decking Boards. You can lay decking at divers heights and levels, depending on the shape and surface of your garden. Measure from the bottom of your sub-frame to the ground. Sponsored post by Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. Don’t cut down a tree - build your deck around it by including a bit more sub-structure to frame the trunk. Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. Adding lighting to your decking means that you can enjoy the area long after the sun goes down. When positioning your next board, you should leave a small gap for expansion during wet weather, though not so large so as to create a large gap should your boards shrink. If you want to minimise the occurrence of joists through the spaces between your deck boards, paint the top of them black. Guest post policy If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. It helps to delineate your steps separate to your deck & attach them afterwards. The section titled 'How to lay timber deck boards' provides step-by-step help for timber boards. Top Tip: If any of your newel posts or spindles will be hidden from plain view, sawing the top of these at an angle will allow water to run off & prevent any accumulation of water which may damage your deck in the long term. A lot of the work at this stage requires two pairs of hands. Guest post: Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is dead tidy and well secured. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Our example is of decking that is:. The rest of the decking's sub-frame is then aligned with it. For a two-tone look try painting the deck boards a different colour to the railings or balustrades around it. Measure and mark the outline of the deck posts accurately onto the deck board with a assemblage square or builder's square. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Before you build the deck, the site needs to be properly prepped. Use the 24mm drill bit to do this. As well as posts at the four corners (corner posts), an overhead railway deck is also raised on joist support posts. Step 8: Build & Attach The Steps.


How to plan & build a raised deck accepting guest posts

Position the next deck post and fix it with just one coach screw for now, so that you can push it to one side while you fix the barrier. This is a guest post by Tighten the screws of the fasteners in the first row. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the balusters. Repeat this process for each of the steps. They provide the main support for your deck boards. Guest posting guidelines Let us guide you through the stages providing a comprehensive guide to success; answering your questions every step of the way. Make the corner post more secure by fitting a piece of joist off-cut between the corner post and the first inner joist. To lay the rest of your deck head to our 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck' article. Check that the lines are crossing directly at the corners by laying a joist along the edge of the cleared area - this represents the edge of the sub-frame. Cut notches in the first board to fit around the deck posts. Because this board is overhanging, screw through the third groove of the outside edge and fix with a 64mm decking screw. A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. Solid flower deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. The easiest way to achieve this is by using the 3-4-5 triangle method. Contribute to this site Measure and cut the lengths of board that you need. Screw the props to the joist support posts and use a spirit level to keep checking that the joist support posts are vertical. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. To begin laying the boards of your deck, displace the first board to the edge of the frame closest to your building. Once the site area has been prepared, it's essential to ensure that the sides of the deck are completely square. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. To do this, cut the board to length and clamp it in position in front of the deck posts, overhanging the sub-frame. Repeat this at the paired end of the board, as this will ensure the board remains straight, and then work down the board, fixing the screws into each joist below. When the railings are in place, you're ready to lay your deck boards. Guest post opportunities You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. At this stage, your build can move on to fixing the joists. Guest post policy Before starting, check that you won't be blocking off any air bricks or meddling with the damp-proof course (DPC) by attaching the joist. And check that all gaps created are the same for a clothed finish. Cut the outer joists of the sub-frame to length, remembering to allow for lap-jointed corner joints. Guest posts Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Guest-post If you don’t need to join your joists then move them into position and skip to step 6. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. Remember that the maximum gap by law between railings is 100mm, and make sure you space your banister and deck posts so they're even. A raised deck is a great way to make the most of space that can otherwise go unused, such as slopes and uneven areas. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. Guest column Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. Measure the distance between the end of the angled board and the ground, when doing this remove 5mm as you don’t want the board to be touching the ground at any point. You can then move onto gathering the deck frame. Screw the pieces together to form an L or T shape. Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an additional joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Include a bit more sub-structure to frame the obstacle and support the deck boards. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Place the post in the hole on top of the block, checking it’s straight using a spirit level. Recess and drive in two more coach screws at the corner to join the outer joists put together (as shown). Don't go too fast when using a jigsaw or the cut might not be as straight as you want it. To create a framework, cut the 100mm x 50mm tanalised timber to the required length, then join using exterior wood screws. Fix the post to the sub-frame with two coach screws countersunk. Solid composite deck boards are narrower than timber deck treads, and so two are required to be fitted width to width to provide a comfortably deep stair tread. Registered in Exeter, EX1 1JG, England No. Run a builder’s line from each profile to its opposite and tie it taut, checking that it's absolutely naiant and not angled. 8m in any given direction - we recommend 1. Guest post To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. You may need a helping hand to hold the frame in place whilst you check the level. Contributor guidelines Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. Submit an article Secure the step worker in place with countersunk 100mm screws, repeat this process on all exposed sides of the stringer. When joining lengths of internal joist (which will be hidden by the deck boards), use two 600mm sections of joist off-cut sandwiched either side of the join for a stronger fix. Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. At this stage, we can now begin fitting the joists. If creating from raw materials your own steps, we suggest:. They shouldn’t be plugged in at this stage. Cut notches in the first board to fit around the deck posts. Then bodily property the corner post on the adjacent side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. If you have gaps that need filling, start by measuring the gaps and marking the needful size onto deck boards, remembering to allow for the 5-8mm expansion gap on either side. For soft ground, place paving stones on top of the gravel; this will support the joists and preserve the timber. See our guide on this for more collection. Guest-post Unlock or release the saw so that the deck board can be placed against the saw's back rest and clamped into place. Recess and drive in two more coach screws at the corner to join the outer joists put together (as shown). A pilot hole will help prevent the frame from splitting. Place a section of block into each of the holes, making sure they are firmly in place. For more on these, and other, decking accessories, check out our decking buyer's guide. There's no need to sand or treat solid flower deck boards. Submitting a guest post The centre spacing between joists for horizontal boards should be 400mm, while the spacing for diagonal boards is slightly less at 300mm. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. To attach them, put the nogging into position and add packers if thing. Then, connect the driver cable into the socket closest to the plug. Guest posters wanted Hold the board flush with the top of the step stringer and predrill your holes. Then, clamp the sections into place, drill the pilot holes and secure with two 100mm screws at each end. Then simply cut and fix the deck boards to fit around it. A gradient of 1 in 40 will usually suffice for a garden decking structure and this is recommended as the manufacture standard. Decking can be a great improver in a garden that kids enjoy. A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonous the wood. Attach with two coach screws using a socket set with ratchet handle. Drill holes through the joist into the post and countersink bit the heads using a flat wood drill bit to create the recess to house the screw heads. This gap should also be left between your deck boards and newel posts. Coat the cut ends with an end grain preserver using a brush. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm out screws. For a two-tone look try painting the deck boards a different colour to the railings or balustrades around it. Use the 24mm drill bit to do this. Want to contribute to our website And while it might look intimidating, a decking is well within the means of anyone willing to learn their way. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. Suggest a post If you are edifice a free-standing deck then skip to the ‘Assembling the frame’ section. They are offset by the width of a post to allow deck posts (which will be needed when attaching railings or balustrades) to be slotted in later. Mark the cutting lines with a square to ensure a individual edge.


How to add steps & railing to decking this post was written by

Cut the outer joists of the sub-frame to length, remembering to allow for covering corner joints. Guest posters wanted Adjust the position of the lines on the profiles until they cross directly above the corner of the cleared deck area. This post was written by A straight-edged deck is also easier to construct than one with a curved edge. Remember to use treatment oil on any sawn edges. Submit post Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Top Tip: Cut a length of timber to your desired gap width. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. Main image: Q-Deck Lyptus wood boards. Once you have begun building your decking frame, you should realise the height of your structure and where it needs to fix to your outside wall. Create a string line around the four corner posts. This will help you visualise the site. Use pieces of timber, we suggest 19mm x 38mm or similar for a good size. We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an photogenic finishing touch. Guest post guidelines Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s positioning on both of the joists it will join to. Check that the lines are crossing directly at the corners by laying a joist along the edge of the cleared area - this represents the edge of the sub-frame. Create holes in the joists or noggings so the cables can be well-connected. Submit blog post Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. This stage involves fixing one joist directly to the wall. Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. Like our Facebook page for regular design ideas, expert tips & offers to save you £100’s Don’t miss out, join hundreds of fellow DIY enthusiasts. Submit content Cut notches in the first board to fit around the deck posts. So a bit of extra time spent now on checking the site can help prevent any unwanted problems later on. A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. Allow the real to set (as recommended by the instructions) before building the sub-frame. Measure and stick masking tape 900mm from the corner on one line and 1200mm from the corner on the other. It can be added to your deck at any time, though it will unremarkably need thorough thought in order to fit with the other elements of your deck. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Then bodily property the corner post on the adjacent side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. Cover the ground with landscaping fabric and add gravel. This will give you a straight edge from which to lay the rest of your deck boards. Mark a 12mm drill bit with masking tape at 38mm from the tip. Measure and mark the deck board at the desired length. Be sure to use a sharp countersink that will leave a clean hole. Tighten the bolts with a socket spanner - taking care not to over tighten. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist. When all the posts are in place and the concrete is set or hardened off, remove the lines, profiles and wooden props. Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. This covers everything from how many boards you'll need to what design you should arrange them in. Want to write for Lay boards at the outer edge of the sub-frame and move inwards. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. If you are adding lights to a fascia board then remove the board now. Use sandpaper or a sander to smooth over any cut ends if requisite. This line is the centre of where the first joist will be positioned. Sponsored post by Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Make the corner post more secure by fitting a piece of joist off-cut between the corner post and the first inner joist. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. Consider using a layered surface deck board, such as the Walksure or Grassedeck deck boards, for your steps. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. You can user a spacer to do this, such as an off-cut of wood or plastic – or simply drop a spare screw in as shown here. Copyright © 2019 Hoppings Softwood Products Plc. Finally, if you want to add railings or lighting to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. It's primary to attach balustrades (or railings) to a deck after you've built the sub-frame, but before you lay the deck boards. Make timber profiles to help you set out the deck sub-frame accurately. Remove the turf and all vegetation from inside the area to a minimum depth of 50mm. Guest-post Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. A pilot hole will help prevent the frame from splitting. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. To avoid splitting, pre-drill the holes for the galvanised nails. Articles wanted The recommended spacing between joists depends on whether you intend to position your boards horizontal or diagonal. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Pour changeful concrete into the holes and slope the concrete away from the posts. Want to write for Decking can be attached to a fixed wall using ledger board. You can inset borders into your decking as a bit of a feature, this is particularly handy if you have well established plants growing in the area you want to deck. Guest contributor guidelines Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. Put the fascia into role and place small offcuts of wood or packers underneath the fascia to level it. If you have positioned your beams along the greater length of your deck, you can relation the joists along the shorter width. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Fit a sheet of weed-control fabric around the posts and cover it with gravel. For advice on cleaning, painting and caring for your decking, check out our useful guide, How to clean, paint & care for your decking. On larger decks, set joists at 400mm centres. Guest column Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. Position the joist on the wall using a spirit level to ensure it's level. Once the load-bearing frame to your deck has been built, we can move on to laying the decking boards. For extra stability, place half an aerated block at the base of the hole. Become an author Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. We're going to run through attaching:. Slowly lower the blade and cut the board. Guest-post If laying the deck over lawn, mark out the area then dig out to a depth of 50mm. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Measure and mark the post accurately with a square prior to making any cuts. Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. Suggest a post You should incorporate a 5mm increase gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts reported to outdoor temperatures). When the railings are in place, you're ready to lay your deck boards. Your central joists should run in the same direction that your deck boards will be. Submit a guest post We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Our example is of decking that is:. Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts parallel with the angle of the steps. Clear away any plants, rocks or weeds. Position the next deck post and fix it with just one coach screw for now, so that you can push it to one side while you fix the barrier. Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a circular saw. Place the post in the hole on top of the block, checking it’s straight using a spirit level. Steps should be positioned on solid, level ground. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Timber deck boards require a 5 to 8mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. This will allow plenty of room for expansion during wetter periods. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to carpentry. Run a builder’s line from each profile to its opposite and tie it taut, checking that it's perfectly horizontal and not angled. Holes should be drilled in the centre of the board – one hole for every 16 inches. Notched posts are specially profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Merge navy and white for a nautical design or black and grey to get a contemporary and stylish look. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind.


How to add steps & railing to decking this is a guest post by

Follow manufacturer's operating instructions for setting time. Articles wanted Then, move your joists into position. Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. Our example is of a deck that is:. If you don’t intend on utilising an under-deck voidance system (which can often be very costly) it’s praise that you build your deck on an oversite which is free draining. If you need to add an angled board because your garden is sloping then start by attaching packers to the main joist frame, this will give you something to secure the fascia onto. If you need to avoid any obstacles, such as a pipe, then measure and cut the joist consequently. Anchor bolts should then be hammered into the holes, before lag screws are used to fix the ledger board firmly to the wall. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. Once secure, the frame of your structure can be attached to the ledger & should be firmly anchored to the adjoining wall. You can build a path alongside your flowerbeds, or a raised vegetable patch with separate compartments for different types of produce. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. With the first board in place, slide the hidden fastener into the grooved edge of the deck board. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Drill pilot holes and screw the upper frame of the panel into the deck sub-frame using 65mm deck screws. To attach them, put the nogging into position and add packers if thing. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Make sure you’ve measured and drilled accurately or else the bolts won’t work. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Fix the post to the sub-frame with two coach screws countersunk. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Contribute to our site Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an photogenic finishing touch. It will also ensure that your finished deck will look authority. Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. Place a joist off-cut about 600mm long across the join, and clamp it temporarily to the joists. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Then, drill countersink holes and secure with 100mm timber drive screws. You can user a spacer to do this, such as an off-cut of wood or plastic – or simply drop a spare screw in as shown here. Guest contributor guidelines Using the lines you drew as a guide, pre drill guide holes into the second groove in from each side. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Once secure, the frame of your structure can be attached to the ledger & should be firmly anchored to the adjoining wall. Our example is of a deck that is:. A pilot hole will help prevent the frame from splitting. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. Follow steps one and two of 'How to add decking steps' before starting step one below. Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. A nail gun works implausibly well for this, though an electric drill will suffice. After determining the right level, you can then offer the ledger boards up against the wall and use a pencil to mark through the holes. Measure from the far side of one post to the far side of the opposite post and cut sections of joist to length. They're available in three, four and six step options. Remember that they need to run in the opposite direction to the joists. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. If you find that any of your joists bow slightly, fix them with the bow projecting upwards. If you are adding lights to a fascia board then remove the board now. One placed centrally with the other two positioned at centres between the outer frame and the central joist. Make sure the post is vertical before continuing. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. Position the second board and secure with 63mm solid whole deck screws from the top of the second board into the risers. Use a wood off-cut or a length of base rail as a spacer to keep an even keep between the balusters. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. This covers everything from how many boards you'll need to what design you should arrange them in. The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. The gap between the centre of one post and the centre of the next should be a maximum of 1. Get an accurate, detailed cost breakdown of your project. They're available in three, four and six step options. A raised deck is a great way to make the most of space that can otherwise go unused, such as slopes and uneven areas. Suggest a post Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. Submit content Cut the inner joists to length and attach to the joist sub-frame with two countersunk coach screws at either end, or to the wall joist using joist hangers. Want to write a post Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. The following instructions show you how to tack a sub-frame. Check to see if you have a 13 Amp plug socket within 5m of your deck. Guest post guidelines For large structures with complex joist configurations, it’s advisable that noggins are used. If you are adding the lights to the top of a deck, make sure that they are positioned over the centre of a deck board and not directly over any joists. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. Guest post by Measure and stick masking tape 900mm from the corner on one line and 1200mm from the corner on the other. Submit article Check that they don't coincide with the eventual positions of the joist hangers. Looking for guest posts Position the second board and secure with 63mm solid whole deck screws from the top of the second board into the risers. Prepare a level, weed-free area for the deck. Measure out and prepare enough noggings so that the distance between them will never be greater than 1200mm. Guest article Merge navy and white for a nautical design or black and grey to get a contemporary and stylish look. This is a guest post by Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Once the sections are cut, secure with deck screws into the centre of the board and the first groove, making sure the screws fix centrally into the step stringer below. When cutting solid composite boards, we recommend a 254 to 305mm saw blade with 40 teeth or less for the best results. This will total eight marks - two in each corner of the outer joist frame. Or keep things simple with a fill in railings kit. We have broken this guide into various stages that you’ can follow to help build a structurally-sound, beautiful deck. Place the spacer between the joist and the wall and secure the joist to the wall by inserting expanding masonry bolts into each of the holes. The gap between the centre of one post and the centre of the next should be a maximum of 1. Submit a guest post Many choose to overlap the deck frame & then cut the boards to the desired length once they’ve been screwed into place. Attach the wire mesh to the batten frame or directly to the lattice panel with wood staples and a hammer. It's primary to attach balustrades (or railings) to a deck after you've built the sub-frame, but before you lay the deck boards. Then bodily property the corner post on the adjacent side overlapping this joist - this will keep the posts inline. You can choose between railing kits, or you can design your own with balustrade screens and posts. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. Remove the joist and select ‘hammer action’ on your drill to drill through the masonry at the marked points. A nail gun works implausibly well for this, though an electric drill will suffice. Cut out the shape of the deck posts using a jigsaw - and not forgetting to treat the cut edges with an end grain protector. Remove the weakened sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll significantly weaken its structural unity. This will fix the boards in place and give the structure added durability. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Make the corner post more secure by fitting a piece of joist off-cut between the corner post and the first inner joist. We’ve detailed the steps for a full DIY build below. Want to write a post Then, use a set square to draw a straight line downwards. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. Want to write a post If you are not extending your lights, then add the supplied blanking plug to cover the last socket. Put a post into the hole in line with your mark on the frame. Lay boards at the outer edge of the sub-frame and move inwards. For help on cutting deck boards, head to the 'How to cut deck boards' section of our article 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck'. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Guest posting It’s important to properly prepare this ground beforehand so as to prevent any issues in the future. Publish your guest post If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm external grade screws.


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One placed centrally with the other two positioned at centres between the outer frame and the central joist. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. Sponsored post by Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. Even if you don’t notice an obvious bowing, check the joists are level with the sub-frame using a straightedge. This can be used to place between boards during the observance & ensure reconciled gapping passim your build. Position the next deck post and fix it with just one coach screw for now, so that you can push it to one side while you fix the balustrade. Fit the base rail onto the spindles and screw 50mm deck screws through pilot holes into the bottom of each. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Decking can be attached to a fixed wall using ledger board. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. This will allow your wooden boards to reduce in wetness content & shrink down to their normal size – rather than this occurrence once your boards have been fitted (which can lead to big gaps between your boards). The following list of tools and materials includes everything you will need to lay a basic, ground-level deck. Hammer two profiles into the ground at each corner of the site, about 450mm beyond the cleared area. Contribute to our site Nail the third piece - the crosspiece - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Remember the slotted sides of both the rails are fitted facing downwards so that fresh water cannot collect in them. You’re then ready for the next stage of your build. If clearing turf, use an edger to cut into the lawn (it provides a clean, straight cut) and remove the grass with a spade. Lining up with the mark, use the chalk line to extend this mark across the width of the steps. Sponsored post: Pour changeful concrete into the holes and slope the concrete away from the posts. In our steps below, we will measure 900mm - 1200mm - 1500mm (or you could measure 3ft - 4ft - 5ft). The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. The rest of the decking's sub-frame is then aligned with it. Cut the wooden spindles down to size if necessary, bearing in mind all safety considerations and Building Regulation requirements. Suggest a post When the lines are perfectly level and square, mark the item of the string on each crosspiece with a pencil. Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. Fix the post to the sub-frame with two coach screws countersunk. Cut three 600mm lengths of 22mm x 100mm timber for each profile. See Step 9: Adding a Pergola for more info on this. Submitting a guest post Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. Cut sections of joist to length. This can be a practical feature as well, hiding away thing you wish to store beneath your decking and preventing small children and pets from vagabondage underneath. Want to write a post A basic open stair is all that’s indispensable on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. 2m apart) and fix the first notched post to the sub-frame with coach screws. Become an author It can be added to your deck at any time, though it will unremarkably need thorough thought in order to fit with the other elements of your deck. If necessary, drill a pilot hole to prevent splitting. Like our Facebook page for regular design ideas, expert tips & offers to save you £100’s Don’t miss out, join hundreds of fellow DIY enthusiasts. If you are installation hardwood, wood-plastic composite plant or PVC boards, you should pre-drill your holes – rather than hammering nails into the wood which can cause cracks or splits in the decking embodied. Guest posting guidelines If no hard garden exists there already, consider laying an area of existent or paving slabs (British Standard Paving is a very strong and durable option). It doesn't matter which side as long as they're level down each length and flush ready for the outer joists to be fixed later. Cut the wooden spindles down to size if necessary, bearing in mind all safety considerations and Building Regulation requirements. Install start clips against each riser of the first step. An unsupported solid asterid dicot family deck board jut out should not exceed 13mm. Guest post guidelines Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. To give extra intensity level to the sub-frame, screw two support beams onto every second post along the length of the deck. If you need to add an angled board because your garden is sloping then start by attaching packers to the main joist frame, this will give you something to secure the fascia onto. Notched posts are specially profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. It's important to attach balustrades (or railings) to a deck after you've built the sub-frame, but before you lay the deck boards. Drill pilot holes and screw the upper frame of the panel into the deck sub-frame using 65mm deck screws. Submit content Notched posts are specially profiled at the bottom so you can attach them to an existing deck. Build a planter from decking by following the steps in our video below. Step 6: Fit The Decking Boards. Double check that each post is consolidation then secure in place with postcrete. Publish your guest post This stage involves fixing one joist directly to the wall. For diagonally laid timber boards, the centres should measure 300mm. If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Before starting this process, check that your ledger board is perfectly straight and has not warped. Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. It can be added to your deck at any time, though it will unremarkably need thorough thought in order to fit with the other elements of your deck. If you're extending your deck further than the length of a joist, clamp the joist sections end to end in a workbench. Then drill 38mm holes in each post at the four marked points. Place the spacer between the joist and the wall and secure the joist to the wall by inserting expanding masonry bolts into each of the holes. Please give thanks that while we have made every effort to ensure the accuracy of all information on this site, this cannot always be guaranteed. Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain preserver. Guest-post The flat, level surface it creates is ideal for freestanding children's play equipment like sandpits or picnic tables. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as realistic and covering all of the area under the deck. You’re then ready for the next stage of your build. Whereas for solid composite boards, read the section 'How to fit solid whole deck boards'. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory. If you are not extending your lights, then add the supplied blanking plug to cover the last socket. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Countersink the screws if you are adding fascia boards. If you need to cut a deck board to domiciliate an obstacle, create a template and mark the saw guideline onto the wood, then cut with a jigsaw. Want to write a post Place a section of block into each of the holes, making sure they are firmly in place. Want to contribute to our website For the rest of the boards, always screw into the second groove from each side and fix to the frame with 64mm decking screws. If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. This can be a practical feature as well, hiding away thing you wish to store beneath your decking and preventing small children and pets from vagabondage underneath. Mark pilot holes 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the outer frame, and drill using a 6mm drill bit. Take an offcut of deck board and slide it underneath the top fascia until it nearly makes contact with the ground, mark a line onto the top fascia to show its situation. Guest post: Measure 50mm down from the top of the line and 50mm up from the bottom and mark the wood; this is where the pilot holes will be drilled. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. Move it to one side and make a small saw cut at the pencil mark. Contributing writer If you want to minimise the occurrence of joists through the spaces between your deck boards, paint the top of them black. To avoid having to skew screws, it’s best to stagger the noggings; bear this in mind when planning where they will be positioned. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. On larger decks, set joists at 400mm centres. Decking can be a great improver in a garden that kids enjoy. Accepting guest posts Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. The easiest way to achieve this is by using the 3-4-5 triangle method. If glade turf, use an edger to cut into the lawn (it provides a clean, straight cut) and remove the grass with a spade. From each of the four marks, use a set square to draw a straight vertical line. Drill pilot holes through the step facility and the sub-frame joist. Like our Facebook page for regular design ideas, expert tips & offers to save you £100’s Don’t miss out, join hundreds of fellow DIY enthusiasts.


How to Build a Deck guest posting guidelines

Often boards will have been stored in warehouses or lumberyards where the temperature and moisture levels may have been variable. Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. You can also countersink the holes to get a smoother finish. Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. Make sure you allow for enough overhang on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. So a bit of extra time spent now on checking the site can help prevent any unwanted problems later on. And consider or research the species as some trees can by very fast growing. Before you start, head to our guide to planning your decking project for an substantial introduction. Submit content If your deck is elevated above 300mm from the ground, you may need to fit balustrading to comply with building regulations. Be careful to use galvanised screws to prevent rust. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. You'll now secure your first deck board to the joists. It helps to delineate your steps separate to your deck & attach them afterwards. Once smoothed down, use a paintbrush to apply an end grain preserver to protect the timber from rot and decay. Clamp a length of base rail in a workbench and drill pilot holes 100mm apart all the way through the rail. To begin laying the deck, measure across the top of the frame and cut a board to length. Sponsored post Run a builder’s line from each profile to its opposite and tie it taut, checking that it's absolutely naiant and not angled. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. A pilot hole will help prevent the frame from splitting. It gives the structure a solid footing which is incredibly strong & durable. Guest posting rules There are usually two methods of fitting joists where beams have been used in the construction of the decking frame –. Offset the bolts slightly so they don’t come into contact. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. Countersink the facing and screw to the frame, making sure that the deck facing is flush with the top face of your decking. We recommend production pilot holes for the screws to help prevent the wood from splitting. The corner posts should not be right in the corners but offset to one side by the width of a post. If you’re building an on-grade deck (a decking structure built just above the ground) then you might not need railings, features, posts or steps. If you're extending your deck further than the length of a joist, clamp the joist sections end to end in a workbench. Repeat this process for each of the steps. The joist needs to be flush with the exterior frame, so use an extra pair of hands or packers to keep it in place. If glade turf, use an edger to cut into the lawn (it provides a clean, straight cut) and remove the grass with a spade. This can be a practical feature as well, hiding away anything you wish to store beneath your decking and preventing small children and pets from erratic underneath. This will mark the corner of the decking. Guest post opportunities The gap between the centre of one post and the centre of the next should be a maximum of 1. Repeat this until the five new post markers are in place, but bear in mind that they shouldn’t be spaced further than 1500mm apart. First, follow these steps to idea your stringer –. Start by measure and marking out your decking area. Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. At this stage, your build can move on to fixing the joists. Want to contribute to our website If you would prefer a solid staircase to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Push the grooved long edge of the solid composite deck board into the start clips, checking that the first board is dead tidy and well secured. Sponsored post Use a trowel to create a slope in the postcrete so that rain runs away from the post on all sides. Submit guest post Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. There are two options when building on soft ground:. Slot the cut deck board into position. When securing the fascia, make sure there is a gap of 5mm - 8mm between all boards. We have broken this guide into various stages that you’ can follow to help build a structurally-sound, beautiful deck. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Measure diagonally from post to post or use a set square to check the area is square. Looking for guest posts These steps are necessary for laying both timber and solid composite deck boards. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. Repeat this at 400mm intervals down the length of the frame. Staggering the boards involves leaving a larger gap than you might normally, though this is risky as your boards may shrink and leave big gaps in the surface. Drill holes at 400mm intervals along the length of the joist being fixed to the wall. Install start clips against each riser of the first step. This will mark the corner of the decking. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. If they are the same, then each corner will be a right angle. Include a bit more sub-structure to frame the obstacle and support the deck boards. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. So you’d like to learn how to lay garden decking? The key to a well-constructed deck is the planning. Submit content For an attractive finish, and to aid drainage around your decking, simply add some gravel. Once these are installed there's no way to move them if they've been put in the wrong place. Add gravel and smooth as you go. Use a spirit level and straight edge to check that the pads are level with each other, and if not, use a brick trowel to level off the highest points while the concrete is still semi-dry. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. Solid composite deck boards are narrower than timber deck treads, and so two are required to be fitted width to width to provide a comfortably deep stair tread. Blog for us Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. If looking to lay solid flower decking steps, follow steps one and two below and then jump to the section 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Step 2: Building The Deck Frame. Clamp the baserail in place, and fix it to the deck posts with countersunk screws. A nail gun works implausibly well for this, though an electric drill will suffice. A raised timber deck can offer the perfect outdoor space, providing a seemless link between the home and garden and helping to bring the outside in. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. Submit an article In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts. If you plan to lay decking that's raised, adjacent to a building or wall, or would like to add a balustrade, head over to our article on laying a raised deck for more information. Measure 400mm from the centre of the outer frame and mark a line using a set square. These steps are necessary for laying both timber and solid composite deck boards. The frame for the steps themselves are often referred to as a ‘stringer’. If laying straight onto the ground, jump to Step 3b. 3-5mm is normally ample width to allow for this – roughly the width of a fixing screw. Before you begin, ensure you plan your deck carefully – ideally the boards plus expansion gaps (usually 5mm) should finish completely flush with the outer facings of the framework. Using the lines you drew as a guide, pre drill guide holes into the second groove in from each side. So, if your deck is 3m, you should work on a 6mm fall. Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Then, connect the driver cable into the socket closest to the plug. Support the joists with additional legs, spaced at 1m intervals. Top Tip: Using grooved boards which run down the slope of your build will help any freshwater to by nature drain from your decking surface. If you're laying timber deck boards in a horizontal pattern, the aloofness between the centre of one joist and the centre of the next should be a maximum of 450mm. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. To fix the joists, tap them in with a hammer until flush with the top, then screw them in place from the outside of the frame. Contributor guidelines The 3-4-5 Triangulum method uses simple geometry to create perfect right angles at the corners. This is a guest post by Position them immediately beneath the joists of the sub-frame. Even a small deck will be very heavy, so do build it on site and remember when measuring and cutting the outer joists, that the timbers will overlap at the corners. FAQ: How do I add a curve to my decking? Overlapping your decking boards is the best way to add a curved edge to your structure, as it allows you to saw & sand a curve into the surface. If you plan to lay your deck on concrete slabs, you should follow these guidelines –. In this guide you’ll learn that your new deck can be built in just 9 straight-forward steps. To ensure rainwater runs off your deck, factor in a 2mm fall for every metre of decking. Measure and mark the outline of the deck posts accurately onto the deck board with a combination square or builder's square. If you plan to lay your deck on concrete slabs, you should follow these guidelines –. For extra stability, place half an aerated block at the base of the hole. Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better.


How to Build a Deck guest blogger guidelines

For more on the different deck board arrangements, head back to our planning article. Cut sections of joist to length. If laying the deck over lawn, mark out the area then dig out to a depth of 50mm. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. So, whatever the size of your outdoor space, having an area of decking is a great way to enjoy it. Guest-blogger In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Guest posts wanted If your lattice panel has a frame, remove the frame batten from the discarded section by gently sound it away from the lattice with a hammer. Sponsored post: The frame should be at the obligatory level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Submit your content They're ideal if there's a shape to cut and work well cutting notches and curves in deck boards around obstacles such as posts. The board should be positioned flush with the frame. An extra pair of hands, or packers, may be required to hold the joist in place whilst you do this. Place the nails roughly 50mm from the top of the stakes. You can lay deck boards in lots of different configurations to create an unputdownable effect. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Step 2: Building The Deck Frame. Drill pilot holes using an 6mm wood drill bit. Sponsored post: Attach the sub-frame joists to the wall joist with metal joist hangers and 50mm galvanised nails. To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. They're ideal if there's a shape to cut and work well cutting notches and curves in deck boards around obstacles such as posts. Find the centre point between posts and hammer a timber batten into place. Write for us Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. Put the cut deck board into position in line with the chalk line. Sponsored post by We love these Tanalised Timber Sunburst Trellis Panels (pictured) that give decking an photogenic finishing touch. For a basic, small deck, you can probably get away with using just three joists. Guest posts wanted Should you need to attach your deck to the wall of a house, it is very cardinal to understand exactly where the decking frame will meet the wall. A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonous the wood. We're going to take you through this process for timber deck boards. They'll also instantly transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. If some corners of the decking are hard to access, secure the joists by boring skewed pilot holes at a 45-degree angle into the wood and fix with 100mm external grade screws. Start by deciding how far to space your deck posts (they shouldn't be any more than 1. This can be used to place between boards during the observance & ensure reconciled gapping passim your build. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an additional joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. If you have to secure the joist onto an unexposed side of the frame, drill two skewed pilot holes on each side before securing with screws. Continue the process until you finish your raised timber deck. Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the attribute. Remember the slotted sides of both the rails are fitted facing down so that rainwater cannot collect in them. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. Fit a sheet of weed-control fabric around the posts and cover it with gravel. Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a circular saw. Submit blog post Make sure the post is statant before continuing. If creating from raw materials your own steps, we suggest:. And remember that if you’re fitting solid composite plant decking next to a wall, you’ll need to leave a minimum of 10mm gap there too. Repeat this until all of the joists are secure. Become a guest blogger Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the contrary side. If you find that any of your joists bow slightly, fix them with the bow projecting upwards. From each of the four marks, use a set square to draw a straight vertical line. Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. Decking can be a great improver in a garden that kids enjoy. Coat the cut ends with an end grain preserver using a brush. Then cut the spindles to length and screw them in place. If cutting a wide or thick piece of timber, clamp a straight-edge along the marked line to provide a straight, accurate cut all the way through the timber. It doesn't matter which side as long as they're level down each length and flush ready for the outer joists to be fixed later. Fix the side joists to the off-set corner posts, first checking that they are level. Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Many choose to overlap the deck frame & then cut the boards to the desired length once they’ve been screwed into place. Stick with one hit colour or combine more than one colour. A lot of the work at this stage requires two pairs of hands. Make a mark on the wall through each hole. You should incorporate a 5mm increase gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts reported to outdoor temperatures). If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Create props by screwing pieces of timber batten to the posts to hold them in place until you are ready to postcrete. Create wooden props to hold the joist support posts in place. Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm external grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Nail the third piece - the crossbeam - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. Solid complex deck boards are narrower than timber deck treads, and so two are required to be fitted width to width to provide a comfortably deep stair tread. To secure unexposed sides, drill a skewed pilot hole on each side before skewing the 100mm screws into position. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. Glue the wooden dowels into the holes and slot the balustrade machine into place. This will give you a straight edge from which to lay the rest of your deck boards. Then, secure in place with 64mm deck screws into the second groove on each side. Once you have begun building your decking frame, you should realise the height of your structure and where it needs to fix to your outside wall. Articles wanted And when it comes to finding your favourite decking to match the look you’re after, our decking buying guide will help. Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. A raised deck is a good option for sloped or uneven gardens as a way of creating a flat surface for a dining table or a seating area. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. The sub-frame forms the deck’s outer skeleton. Finish your decking posts with post caps or ball tops. Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Decide how to space the deck posts (we recommend a maximum of 1. Blog for us 2m apart) and cut the base and hand rails exactly to length. And don't worry if there are any existing features (such as trees or posts) that you can't, or don't want to remove - just work around them. Once all the lights are in place, connect each head to the next in the series. Drill pilot holes through the step assembly and the sub-frame joist. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. Guest post guidelines Make the marks to align with the centre of the adjoining outer joist. Then, clamp the sections into place, drill the pilot holes and secure with two 100mm screws at each end. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm drill bit. Like our Facebook page for regular design ideas, expert tips & offers to save you £100’s Don’t miss out, join hundreds of fellow DIY enthusiasts. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. If creating from raw materials your own steps, we suggest:. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Measure and stick masking tape 900mm from the corner on one line and 1200mm from the corner on the other. Guest posters wanted Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Once you have begun building your decking frame, you should realise the height of your structure and where it needs to fix to your outside wall. A raised deck is a great way to make the most of space that can otherwise go unused, such as slopes and uneven areas. Position the assembled steps against the sub-frame of the deck and in the centre of the step support pad. To avoid splitting, pre-drill the holes for the galvanised nails. If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same position for a uniform shade of green. On the cut sections of joist, measure and mark out three evenly spaced pairs of pilot holes. Check the frame is square by mensuration from corner to corner. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and perpendicular to the joists. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. A raised deck is a good option for sloped or uneven gardens as a way of creating a flat surface for a dining table or a seating area. If they are the same, then each corner will be a right angle. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. You don’t want to end up with a wonky deck!. We recommend adding concrete pads as they're not only great for stabilising your deck; they'll ensure your decking lasts longer. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses in the joist - just deep enough for the nuts and wide enough to allow access for a socket spanner.


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This will allow plenty of room for expansion during wetter periods. So a bit of extra time spent now on checking the site can help prevent any unwanted problems later on. Sponsored post: Regular deck boards can be used for all sorts of garden landscaping. Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. If you need to avoid any obstacles, such as a pipe, then measure and cut the joist consequently. Check that the site for your steps is level and firm - anything uneven or too soft and the steps won't be secure enough and might sink into soft ground. When the diagonal distance between these two marks measures exactly 1500mm, the corner is a true right angle. Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a circular saw. Stick with one hit colour or combine more than one colour. Wherever there is an edge to the frame which is exposed & visible you should look to attach your decking boards. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. Find the centre point between posts and hammer a timber batten into place. Before you start, head to our guide to design your decking project for an essential making known. This stage involves fixing one joist directly to the wall. Lift the turf in manageable strips, and save it someplace out of the way (it could be used around your completed deck later on). Work out how high you would like the balustrade to be. This post was written by Then drill two holes to that depth on either end of both the hand and base rails. Position the solid composite deck board into the start clips and fix the universal fasteners to the front of the deck boards creating the 6mm discussion gap for the second board. Roll out your landscape fabric and cut to size, making sure it’s as snug to the posts as possible and covering all of the area under the deck. Use two decking screws where each board meets a joist. Hang a line level from the middle of the taut string and hammer the profiles in until you get a level reading. Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Again, do not fully tighten the screws. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Safety is perfectly paramount with decking projects, as they are often quite complex & labour-intensive. If necessary, plane or saw down its outer length to ensure that the inner edge is flush with the inside edge of the deck post. Pour changeful building material into the holes and slope the concrete away from the posts. To fit the newel posts you will often need a jigsaw or circular saw to cut out a chunk of the wood in the foot of the post (known as ‘rebating’ the posts). A pilot hole provides a guide hole to help direct the screws and prevents the screw from cacophonous the wood. Check that the posts are vertical as you go. Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. The gap between the centre of one post and the centre of the next should be a maximum of 1. Secure the step worker in place with countersunk 100mm screws, repeat this process on all exposed sides of the stringer. Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. Alternatively, shorten or increase the outer frame so that your final decking row will finish flush to the edge of the joist frame. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm exterior screws. If you plan to lay your deck frame directly on the ground (only recommended for small, basic builds) then you should follow these steps –. This can be a practical feature as well, hiding away anything you wish to store beneath your decking and preventing small children and pets from erratic underneath. Screw these to the inside fo the frame at each corner, ensuring they’re flush with the top. Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Whether you just want to relax in the sun, entertain guests or you need an taking feature to break up a large expanse of lawn, decking could be the answer. Remember that they need to run in the opposite direction to the joists. There must be a gap between the timber and the wall to allow rainwater to run down the wall and not pool on the decking. Submit article Hang a line level from the middle of the taut string and hammer the profiles in until you get a level reading. Use a combination square to mark an accurate line across the deck board. Guest column Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. Run a builder's line from each of the four pegs. Once the frame is secure, double check that it is at the required level. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Writers wanted This covers everything from how many boards you'll need to what design you should arrange them in. Cut along the line with a jigsaw. Articles wanted Fitting will vary depending on what corporal you have chosen for your boards. If you are finding a fitter for your deck, you can skip this section & move on to our decking aftercare guide. Note that we have furcate guides which will help you to –. If the measurement is less than 1500mm, the angle's too small and needs to be opened up a bit. If cutting a wide or thick piece of timber, clamp a straight-edge along the marked line to provide a straight, accurate cut all the way through the timber. When fixing the rest of the boards, always use the second groove in from either side. Mark the location of each joist on the board. This post was written by Measure and plan the position of the holes so that the bolts are secured into the brickwork and not the mortar. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. Guest post policy Repeat this process at 600mm intervals down the length of the wall plate. Before starting, check that you won't be blocking off any air bricks or interfering with the damp-proof course (DPC) by attaching the joist. Guest posting rules Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Guest post- Take a section of deck board and mark where the fascia will go. If glade turf, use an edger to cut into the lawn (it provides a clean, straight cut) and remove the grass with a spade. In the corners of the marked area, dig out 700mm deep holes for each of the joist support posts. Newel posts are the spindles related to to the outer frame which your railings rest on. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. Ensure you have the longest edge of the stair riser on the paving slab and the short edge against the deck. Run a builder’s line from each profile to its opposite and tie it taut, checking that it's perfectly horizontal and not angled. Check that they don't hap with the eventual positions of the joist hangers. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. Check that the posts are vertical as you go. Then, connect the driver cable into the socket closest to the plug. Arrange the holes alternately at the top and bottom. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. If you've rhythmical aright in Step 1, drill into the brick - not the mortar. From this line, measure up 40mm from the bottom and down 40mm from the top, and mark two pilot hole guides. To do this, cut the board to length and clamp it in position in front of the deck posts, overhanging the sub-frame. Or keep things simple with a fill in railings kit. Contribute to our site They shouldn’t be plugged in at this stage. If using Grassedeck boards, lay them facing the same position for a uniform shade of green. Submit an article Repeat this process at 600mm intervals down the length of the wall plate. Become a guest blogger If necessary, plane or saw down its outer length to ensure that the inner edge is flush with the inside edge of the deck post. Remove the weakened sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll significantly weaken its structural unity. Always recollect to treat any sawn ends, as these will be particularly susceptible to weathering. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position. If clearing turf, use an edger to cut into the lawn (it provides a clean, straight cut) and remove the grass with a spade. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. Then add another coach screw to the base of the second post to secure it. Guest posting 3-5mm is normally ample width to allow for this – roughly the width of a fixing screw. On a small deck, three joists is sufficient (one in the middle and the others at the centre-point between the edge of the frame and the centre joist). To attach spindles, fit a base rail in the same way as the hand rail. If your lattice panel has a frame, remove the frame batten from the discarded section by gently knocking it away from the lattice with a hammer. Place the joist into position so that its centre lines up with the 400mm spacer mark. And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Publish your guest post Move it to one side and make a small saw cut at the pencil mark. An unsupported solid asterid dicot family deck board jut out should not exceed 13mm. Use quick-release clamps to hold the posts and balustrade together while the glue dries.


How to build a raised deck guest post

Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts analog with the angle of the steps. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. This list includes everything you will need to build a raised deck. Don’t cut down a tree - build your deck around it by including a bit more sub-structure to frame the trunk. Guest posting rules Cut the inner joists to length and attach to the joist sub-frame with two countersunk coach screws at either end, or to the wall joist using joist hangers. Arrange the holes alternately at the top and bottom. Move it to one side and make a small saw cut at the pencil mark. Complement the decking by edging it with paving, giving it a contemporaneous look. Put your first step stringer into position, making sure that it is flush to both the top and the side of the frame. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. Guest blogger guidelines Move it to one side and make a small saw cut at the pencil mark. Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. To begin laying the boards of your deck, displace the first board to the edge of the frame closest to your building. To secure the boards to the step stringers, always start by securing all the risers first. Don’t cut down a tree - build your deck around it by including a bit more sub-structure to frame the trunk. As well as posts at the four corners (corner posts), an overhead railway deck is also raised on joist support posts. This post was written by The following step-by-step instructions show you how to lay all timber deck boards, including Walksure or Grassedeck boards. Top Tip: Cut a length of timber to your desired gap width. This should mark the spots where you should drill holes of at least 7cm in depth, to allow your screws to anchor the frame sufficiently to the wall. Pre-drill pilot holes at an angle through the grooved edge of deck board into the outer joist. So you’d like to learn how to lay garden decking? The key to a well-constructed deck is the planning. If you plan to lay decking that's raised, adjacent to a building or wall, or would like to add a balustrade, head over to our article on laying a raised deck for more information. At this stage, we can now begin fitting the joists. Guest poster wanted Finish your decking posts with post caps or ball tops. Even if you don’t notice an obvious bowing, check the joists are level with the sub-frame using a straightedge. A raised deck is a great way to make the most of space that can otherwise go unused, such as slopes and uneven areas. Guest post by Finish your decking posts with post caps or ball tops. When the slanting time interval between these two marks measures exactly 1500mm, the corner is a true right angle. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position. In our steps below, we will measure 900mm - 1200mm - 1500mm (or you could measure 3ft - 4ft - 5ft). They are offset by the width of a post to allow deck posts (which will be needed when attaching railings or balustrades) to be slotted in later. Hold each step stringer in position and mark the edges onto the frame. Check that the lines are crossing directly at the corners by laying a joist along the edge of the cleared area - this represents the edge of the sub-frame. This step is only necessary if you are fitting balustrading to your deck. Have you already decided what to do with decking in your garden? Check out our planning guide to start your project. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. We’d love to hear any natural action you might have or how you’re progressing with your decking – please get in touch using our contact forms. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Submit post Insert 6mm x 100mm screws through the holes in the wall plate and hang galvanised or plastic washers on the end. Guest posts wanted Why not try integrating both raised and ground level decking into your design to create different platforms? This is a really eye-catching way to lay decking. Place your spirit level on top of the frame and lift until it is at the requisite level, then secure it to the other corner post. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. And don't worry if there are any existing features (such as trees or posts) that you can't, or don't want to remove - just work around them. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Contributing writer Like timber decking, solid composite boards require expansion gaps. Guest poster wanted If your deck will be sitting on grass or soil, you’ll need to place blocks or slabs underneath edge leg to spread the load and provide a level, stable base. These will act as additional support for your steps and can be staggered into position and secured like the premature noggings in the frame. On the line, mark guide holes at 40mm from the top and 40mm from the bottom of the frame. Attach the wire mesh to the batten frame or directly to the lattice panel with wood staples and a hammer. Make sure you allow for enough project on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia. Double check that each post is consolidation then secure in place with postcrete. Because this board is overhanging, screw through the third groove of the outside edge and fix with a 64mm decking screw. If the final gap exceeds 400mm, add an additional joist, to ensure that the spacing is never greater than 400mm. Fragrant roses growing up trellis or obelisks can be particularly effective for this. Be sure to use a sharp countersink that will leave a clean hole. Guest posters wanted Add a gate to keep young children and pets safe in one place. Decking can be a great improver in a garden that kids enjoy. And be sure to swot up on what species it is, as some can be very fast growing. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. If cutting a wide or thick piece of timber, clamp a straight-edge along the marked line to provide a straight, accurate cut all the way through the timber. A basic open stair is all that’s indispensable on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Mark the location of each joist on the board. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. Accepting guest posts Drill pilot holes and screw the upper frame of the panel into the deck sub-frame using 65mm deck screws. Guest post: Cut two sections of joist off-cut to the same width as the step treads. When all the posts are in place and the concrete is set or hardened off, remove the lines, profiles and wooden props. Guest contributor guidelines Include a bit more sub-structure to frame the obstacle and support the deck boards. Guest post opportunities Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. Set the saw’s angle for the cut required. If you are planning on fitting a pergola, you will need to fix these posts in place before moving onto fitting your deck boards. If you’re taking on your own decking project then you’ll need to know your stuff!. When the railings are in place, you're ready to lay your deck boards. The deck board has to be secured to every joist it covers over along the sub-frame. Guest posts wanted Follow steps one and two of 'How to add decking steps' before play step one below. The corner posts don’t sit right in the corners of the sub-frame. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. Drill pilot holes and secure the board with solid composite deck screws. In order to fit handrails to your steps, you’ll first need to fix notched deck posts at the top and bottom. You can user a spacer to do this, such as an off-cut of wood or plastic – or simply drop a spare screw in as shown here. Writers wanted Your central joists should run in the same direction that your deck boards will be. It also tends to be a quicker and more cheap option than investing in hardstanding patio materials, such as flagstones of block paving. Blog for us Coat the cut ends with an end grain preserver using a brush. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. And don't worry if there are any existing features (such as trees or posts) that you can't, or don't want to remove - just work around them. Hang a washer on the end of a 100mm coach screw, insert it into the hole and hand tighten before securing it firmly in place with a 13mm socket set. It’s recommended that you read these before you start construction. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. A pilot hole will help prevent the frame from splitting. If necessary, plane or saw down its outer length to ensure that the inner edge is flush with the inside edge of the deck post. If you plan to lay decking that's raised, adjacent to a building or wall, or would like to add a balustrade, head over to our article on laying a raised deck for more information. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. Again, do not fully tighten the screws. Our LED decking lights come in either blue or white and look great set into decking steps or between decking levels. Submit post They should be screwed into the anchor bolts, with washers used between the ledger board and the screw heads to tighten the screws. Guest post policy Also known as countersunk holes, these recesses ensure the screw heads will be flush with the joist surface for a neat finish. Publish your guest post This can be used to place between boards during the observance & ensure reconciled gapping passim your build. Mark across one side of the frame first, then repeat on the contrary side. Then use 30mm galvanised screws to fix it to the cut edge of the lattice.


How to install deck lighting become guest writer

Your central joists should run in the same direction that your deck boards will be. Hopefully this has given you the confidence to press ahead with your build. They are offset by the width of a post to allow deck posts (which will be needed when attaching railings or balustrades) to be slotted in later. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Once fully constructed, the horizontal joists & beams which support the decking are usually referred to as the decking ‘sub-frame’. Merge navy and white for a nautical design or black and grey to get a contemporary and stylish look. Merge navy and white for a nautical design or black and grey to get a contemporary and stylish look. Before You Start Your Build – Decking terminology & anatomy – Working safely with decking. There's no need to create recesses or countersunk holes for the deck screws, as they're designed to create their own recess when screwed down for a flush finish. Place a length of post into the hole, make sure it is longer than you need so you can cut it down later. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. Guest post by Some items are needed for multiple stages in the process, but are only listed once, so be sure to check the steps for further detail. If you are on a slope, always measure and work from the corner where the deck will be at its highest above ground level. And be sure to swot up on what species it is, as some can be very fast growing. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. Continue with steps three through to five, tightening down each row after the board that follows is in place. And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Then, measure in 50mm from both ends and mark pilot holes into the second groove in from both sides. Submit guest post Nail the third piece - the crossbeam - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. Guest-blogger Once you have identified your decking site, you should –. Dig out around the posts to a depth of 700mm and a width of 300mm, as you did with the corner posts. Building a simple timber deck is a middling straightforward DIY job. When you reach a corner, measure and cut the length of joist to the outer edge of the sub-frame. Create a level space for entertaining, eating al fresco, or just sitting out and enjoying the sunshine. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. DIY fitters should follow these steps when setting their footing –. Dig out around the posts to a depth of 700mm and a width of 300mm, as you did with the corner posts. Want to contribute to our website Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. Submit your content Even if you don’t notice an obvious bowing, check the joists are level with the sub-frame using a straightedge. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Drill a final screw through the support frame and into the back of each step stringer, being careful to avoid the other screws that are already in place. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Start by measuring the leave behind between your joists and cut the required number of noggings to size. Measure out lengths of joist to sit on the outer face of the sub-frame between the deck posts, and attach these with deck screws as you fix the posts. Recess and drive in two more coach screws at the corner to join the outer joists put together (as shown). When the railings are in place, you're ready to lay your deck boards. If you build a tall enough frame, you can even use the space underneath your decking as additional garden storage. If business your own steps, we suggest:. For the facing, measure the length of the outer sides of your frame and cut the decking boards to suit. Position the assembled steps against the sub-frame of the deck and in the centre of the step support pad. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Use a set square to extend your 400mm guide marker down onto the external face. Once you have identified your decking site, you should –. Any multiples of 3, 4 and 5 will follow the same pattern. Position the joist on the wall using a spirit level to ensure it's level. Bear in mind that step stringers shouldn’t be spaced more than 450mm apart. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to carpentry. Guest post guidelines Nail the third piece - the crossbeam - to the top ends of the stakes, attaching the three together to form a profile. Joists run in the polar dictation to the deck boards, so it's noteworthy to have settled on a decking design. A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to carpentry. Hand tighten the screws into the wall plugs before using a drill and driver bit to secure them. Any multiples of 3, 4 and 5 will follow the same pattern. One placed centrally with the other two positioned at centres between the outer frame and the central joist. Guest post guidelines Clamp the deck board, face side up, in a workbench and slowly cut along the line. Mark two evenly spaced pilot holes onto each of the lines you have drawn. A pilot hole will help prevent the frame from splitting. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. Always place whole deck boards at the front of the step where the most pressure will be applied. Guest posts wanted Cut sections of joist to length. Mark and countersink screw holes over the centre of each joist. Measure and stick masking tape 900mm from the corner on one line and 1200mm from the corner on the other. Hand tighten the screws into the wall plugs before using a drill and driver bit to secure them. Repeat this until all of the joists are secured. Submit content To join the frame, mark and drill pilot holes before fixing two characteristic grade 150mm timber drive screws into each corner. This can help make them extremely secure. Generally, buying these is not a bad idea & much easier than building your own. Repeat this process until the outer frame is in place. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Before securing the wall plate to the house, double check the deck board fits beneath the sill. Become a contributor If it's more than 1500mm, the angle's too big and needs to be closed. Be careful to use galvanised screws to prevent rust. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Submit guest post Fix the post to the sub-frame with two coach screws countersunk. Recess and drive in two more coach screws at the corner to join the outer joists put together (as shown). To create this gap, make a spacer from a few unstained steel washers - they should measure a minimum of 10mm when fitted together. Before You Start Your Build – Decking terminology & anatomy – Working safely with decking. Articles wanted It doesn't matter which side as long as they're level down each length and flush ready for the outer joists to be fixed later. We’d love to hear any natural action you might have or how you’re progressing with your decking – please get in touch using our contact forms. And be sure to swot up on what species it is, as some can be very fast growing. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. If you need to cut a deck board to domiciliate an obstacle, create a template and mark the saw guideline onto the wood, then cut with a jigsaw. Submit a guest post Drill pilot holes before securing the nogging with 100mm external timber drive screws. Pour changeful concrete into the holes and slope the concrete away from the posts. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. Suggest a post Hand and baserails with upright balusters won't just help prevent falls. Recess and drive in two more coach screws at the corner to join the outer joists put together (as shown). Submit an article Attach the joist to the post at each end and secure as you did the outer frame. Cut the outer joists of the sub-frame to length, remembering to allow for covering corner joints. Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. This is both for practicality & accessibility – as well as helping to ensure that your deck conforms to UK building regulations. For large structures with complex joist configurations, it’s advisable that noggins are used. Get an accurate, detailed cost breakdown of your project. A raised deck is a good option for sloped or uneven gardens as a way of creating a flat surface for a dining table or a seating area. Continue along the length of the board, semi-fixing at every joist. Then fix it to the handrail and baserail with countersunk screws. This list includes everything you will need to build a raised deck. Then fix it to the handrail and baserail with countersunk screws. Joists run in the polar dictation to the deck boards, so it's noteworthy to have settled on a decking design. Then, use a set square to draw a straight line down. There must be a gap between the timber and the wall to allow rainwater to run down the wall and not pool on the decking. Accepting guest posts Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Drill pilot holes through the step facility and the sub-frame joist. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm part screws. Mark on the frame where the midpoint of the corner post is. Guest article Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is hanging down by a suitable block or slab. Move it to one side and make a small saw cut at the pencil mark. A basic open stair is all that’s indispensable on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. These can be typically split into those above & below the frame (the main structure holding the decking in place) –. You should be left with a 300 x 300mm square hole; this is where the postcrete will be added. Publish your guest post Double check that each post is unsloped then secure in place with postcrete. Guest post policy Remove all necessary deck boards so that you can feed the cables of each light through the holes. If there is an obstacle repeat this process to attach the second plate to the wall. Articles wanted Make sure the joist is flush with the frame, then secure using 100mm external grade screws and the supplied socket bit. Guest posters wanted And be sure to swot up on what species it is, as some can be very fast growing. To create this gap, make a spacer from a few stainless steel washers - they should measure a minimum of 10mm when fitted unneurotic. Learn more: Decking for your project. To fit solid composite stair treads, see 'How to fit solid composite stair treads'. Make sure you allow for enough project on each end so that the board is flush with the fascia.


How to add steps & railing to decking accepting guest posts

This covers everything from how many boards you'll need to what design you should arrange them in. For accuracy, measure the intervals using a spacer made from a wood off-cut, as shown. Position the joist on the wall using a spirit level to ensure it's level. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. Put the cut deck board into position in line with the chalk line. This will help you visualise the site. Offset the bolts slightly so they don’t come into contact. At this stage, your build can move on to fixing the joists. Hand tighten the screws into the wall plugs before using a drill and driver bit to secure them. Use pieces of timber, we suggest 19mm x 38mm or similar for a good size. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. Measure the distance between the marks and cut sections of joist to the required length. Even if you don’t notice an obvious bowing, check the joists are level with the sub-frame using a straightedge. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. Place the joist into position so that its centre lines up with the 400mm spacer mark. Be careful not to tighten too much or you may risk crushing the wooden ledger board. A basic open stair is all that’s necessary on a low deck, but for higher ones you’ll need handrails. Glue the wooden dowels into the holes and slot the balustrade assembly into place. Mark on the post where the highest part of the frame will be. Run a builder’s line from each profile to its opposite and tie it taut, checking that it's perfectly horizontal and not angled. This gap should also be left between your deck boards and newel posts. A straight-edged deck is also easier to construct than one with a curved edge. Submit a guest post When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. Bear this in mind when checking the levels throughout the build. Repeat these marks at 600mm intervals down the length of the fascia. Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts analog with the angle of the steps. To do this, cut the board to length and clamp it in position in front of the deck posts, overhanging the sub-frame. By now you should have completed all of your planning, during which stage you hopefully chose an ideal garden fix for your deck. Use pieces of timber, we suggest 19mm x 38mm or similar for a good size. Contribute to this site Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is hanging down by a suitable block or slab. Remember to use treatment oil on any sawn edges. Drill the pilot holes using a 6mm wood drill bit. Position them immediately beneath the joists of the sub-frame. For help on cutting deck boards, head to the 'How to cut deck boards' section of our article 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck'. To begin laying the boards of your deck, displace the first board to the edge of the frame closest to your building. Once the load-bearing frame to your deck has been built, we can move on to laying the decking boards. Connect the marks where the angled board will begin and end with a chalk line and cut down this mark with a circular saw. These will act as additional support for your steps and can be staggered into position and secured like the premature noggings in the frame. Then cut and fix the deck boards to fit around the tree. Guest post courtesy of For example, a triangle with sides exactly 3, 4 and 5 metres long - a right angle will form at the corner where the shorter sides meet. If you don’t, you will need to have one fitted by a qualified electrician. This helps give the deck a longer lifespan as the artifact is securely fixed; it also raises the frame above ground, preventing the immersion of rainwater. Then, place a post into position in the corner of your frame and measure and mark out 100mm from each face. They'll also instantly transform your basic deck into a more elegant feature. Guest article You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. For the facing, you should measure the outer edge of your frame & find suitably sized boards to fit along the outside. Use a reciprocating saw or jigsaw to score the post. Once the outer frame is assembled and in position, it's time to secure the inner joists. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm part screws. Secure the board to the packers using 64mm deck screws and repeat this process for all other angled boards. Submit article It's key that the concrete pads are positioned in the exact places and that they're all square for the deck joists. Guest blogger guidelines When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. Repeat for the other 3 corners. Then drill 38mm holes in each post at the four marked points. For accuracy, measure the intervals using a spacer made from a wood off-cut, as shown. Run a builder’s line from each profile to its opposite and tie it taut, checking that it's absolutely naiant and not angled. Guest posts A ground level deck is great if you want to keep a flat, even surface in your garden and they are easier to build than raised decks. Guest post: Secure the frame to the post as before, then repeat until all but the centre post has been put in place. Use a flat wood bit to drill recesses in the joist - just deep enough for the nuts and wide enough to allow access for a socket spanner. Measure and plan the position of the holes so that the bolts are secured into the brickwork and not the mortar. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. This is key as the decking will be laid with joist support posts concreted into position. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Use a set square to help you mark a clear line. A stress free, intuitive experience. Follow our gradual guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use balance boards. Remember the slotted sides of both the rails are fitted facing downwards so that fresh water cannot collect in them. For more on the different deck board arrangements, head back to our planning article. The extra layer improves the grip, making it a safer step. To secure the boards that will form the tread, drill one screw into the second groove and one directly down and into the riser below. Screw to the sub-frame with deck screws. If you plan to lay decking that's raised, adjacent to a building or wall, or would like to add a balustrade, head over to our article on laying a raised deck for more information. Staggering the boards involves leaving a larger gap than you might normally, though this is risky as your boards may shrink and leave big gaps in the surface. Place the post in the hole on top of the block, checking it’s straight using a spirit level. Submitting a guest post Continue the decking look onto the walls for an attractive feature (pictured). Then measure 150mm from each side of the join and again, mark the wood. Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. We're going to run through attaching:.  Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon. If cutting a wide or thick piece of timber, clamp a straight-edge along the marked line to provide a straight, accurate cut all the way through the timber. Pergolas can also be attached to the wall of a house using ledger board. Lots of cuts: Use a mitre saw (also known as a chop saw). Cut notches in the first board to fit around the deck posts. Write for us And be sure to swot up on what species it is, as some can be very fast growing. Write for us If you find that any of your joists bow slightly, fix them with the bow projecting upwards. Upon reaching the far end of the wood, measure and mark out another 100mm section. The frame should be at the obligatory level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Once the preserver is dry, protect your decking further by applying decking stain, oil or wood paint. Otherwise you can move on to building & attaching the steps or adding a pergola. Mark with a pencil the line of the outer edges of the posts and cut along this line with a jigsaw. On the deck board you will be using as the fascia, mark where the full width board will end (this is where the angled section will begin) and where the angled board will end. If you need access, consider hinging or a different fixing to be able to easily remove the panels. Then, use a 6mm wood drill bit to drill the pilot holes. Repeat this process for all of the posts on your decking. Adjust the position of the lines on the profiles until they cross directly above the corner of the cleared deck area. Create a string line around the four corner posts. Submitting a guest post This is probably the most popular method by which to build a deck & for good reason. Start by measure and marking out your decking area. Our example is of a deck that is:. Submit an article Measure 75mm from each side of the join and mark the wood. Check it is vertical then clamp it into place. Place the first board flush with the outside edge of the frame and facing, and perpendicular to the joists. FAQ: How do I add a curve to my decking? Overlapping your decking boards is the best way to add a curved edge to your structure, as it allows you to saw & sand a curve into the surface. Drill pilot holes and then screw the treads into the riser supports at either end with two 50mm deck screws to make a sturdy step. When securing deck boards, pre-drill all fixing points with a 2mm bit to prevent damage and splitting. Follow manufacturer's instructions for setting time.


How to build a raised deck guest column

If you would prefer a solid stairway to an open stair, fill the gaps with joist off-cuts or deck boards. Cut the inner joists to length and attach to the joist sub-frame with two countersunk coach screws at either end, or to the wall joist using joist hangers. Your central joists should run in the same direction that your deck boards will be. If your deck width is wider or thinner than a multiple of your decking board width, you will either need to stagger the boards, or cut your end boards length-ways so they fit into the surface decking. Adjust the position of the lines on the profiles until they cross directly above the corner of the cleared deck area. Coat the cut ends with an end grain preserver using a brush. Attach them to the step risers at the top and bottom using two countersunk coach screws on each side. Solid flower deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Guest posting guidelines If you’ve used pre-treated decking boards, they shouldn’t need any further painting or staining. The frame should be at the obligatory level before fixing, so place risers, paving slabs or treated offcuts of timber at 500mm intervals, then check with a spirit level. Position and adjust accordingly, checking the frame is level with your spirit level. To trim down the posts, rest the set square on top of the outer frame and mark a line on the wood of the exposed faces, and then saw. Solid flower deck boards require a 6mm expansion gap along the length of the deck boards and a 3mm gap along the ends of the deck boards. Cut two of the three pieces to a point at one end as these form stakes that will be driven into the ground. Measure out the site reported to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. Remove the weakened sections with a chisel making sure not to remove more than half the post or you’ll significantly weaken its structural unity. If you are finding a fitter for your deck, you can skip this section & move on to our decking aftercare guide. Let's start with constructing your elevated deck. Slot a deck post in the gap between the joist support post and the corner of the sub-frame and hold it in place with a quick-release clamp. The easiest way to build steps is to buy pre-formed kits that include two stair risers (side panels) and step treads. Then, measure and mark pilot hole guides 40mm from the bottom and 40mm from the top on each side. Hopefully this has given you the confidence to press ahead with your build. If you don’t intend on utilising an under-deck voidance system (which can often be very costly) it’s praise that you build your deck on an oversite which is free draining. For an attractive finish, and to aid drainage around your decking, simply add some gravel. And don’t forget to allow space beneath the base rail for the deck boards. Check that the lines are crossing directly at the corners by laying a joist along the edge of the cleared area - this represents the edge of the sub-frame. Top Tip: Using grooved boards which run down the slope of your build will help any freshwater to by nature drain from your decking surface. If creating from raw materials your own steps, we suggest:. Be sure to check the most up-to-date Building Regulations. Remove the deck board and clamp it firmly to a workbench. If you are building a fixed deck that joins onto a house then you will need to attach a wall plate. Sponsored post: Our experts will testify that nothing beats the satisfaction in completing your self-built constitution & sharing it with family & friends for the first time. Become an author Measure and stick masking tape 900mm from the corner on one line and 1200mm from the corner on the other. Measure and cut a 600mm section and mark at 300mm to show where the centre point is. Drive two coach bolts through each post into the step riser. This is probably the most popular method by which to build a deck & for good reason. Pergolas can also be attached to the wall of a house using ledger board. Finally, if you want to add railings or burning to your raised deck, then you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. These will act as additional support for your steps and can be staggered into position and secured like the past noggings in the frame. Drill holes at 400mm intervals along the length of the joist being fixed to the wall. Align the screw hole in the fastener with the centre of the joist and, using the drill bit supplied, screw half way down. Generally, buying these is not a bad idea & much easier than building your own. If your lattice panel has a frame, remove the frame batten from the discarded section by gently sound it away from the lattice with a hammer. This can be a practical feature as well, hiding away anything you wish to store beneath your decking and preventing small children and pets from erratic underneath. We're going to run through attaching:. If you plan to lay a more simple deck on the ground floor, check out our article on laying a basic deck for more information. To ensure you maintain a gap of between 5mm and 8mm between each deck board, create a suitably sized spacer from an offcut of timber and use it to check that the gap between boards is equal all the way along. For diagonally laid timber boards, the centres should measure 300mm. The sub-frame forms the deck’s outer system. Guest post opportunities Remember to leave enough space for the tree trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. Contribute to this site Make any necessary adjustments by sliding the string along the profiles and checking. Guest posts wanted Deep cuts (the timber is thicker than the cutting depth of the mitre saw): Use a panel saw if only making a few cuts, or a circular saw if making lots of cuts. Guest posting Measure and plan the position of the holes so that the bolts are secured into the brickwork and not the mortar. When cutting Walksure or Grassedeck boards, check that the decorative surface is facing up when you’re cutting them. Follow the same method as shown in steps 2 and 3 for these legs, ensuring each is hanging down by a suitable block or slab. Guest post guidelines Position a length of hand rail on the outside face of the posts line with the angle of the steps. Once you are happy with the positioning of the lights, use a try square to accurately mark the wood. For more on paving options, head to our buyer's guide. Step 2: Building The Deck Frame. The corner posts don’t sit right in the corners of the sub-frame. Guest blogger guidelines Many of the skills you’ll learn can also be applied to more complex projects, such as curved decks – but for elaborate designs you may prefer to call in the professionals. And don't worry if there are any existing features (such as trees or posts) that you can't, or don't want to remove - just work around them. There must be a gap between the timber and the wall to allow rainwater to run down the wall and not pool on the decking. Become guest writer This should measure the length of the structure that will face the adjoining wall. Guest blogger It helps to delineate your steps separate to your deck & attach them afterwards. Move it to one side and make a small saw cut at the pencil mark. Guest post guidelines They're available in three, four and six step options. The frame for the steps themselves are often referred to as a ‘stringer’. Otherwise you can move on to building & attaching the steps or adding a pergola. Arrange the holes alternately at the top and bottom. Submit content Bolt the hand rail to the posts and check that the edges are neatly flush. If you are not extending your lights, then add the supplied blanking plug to cover the last socket. If requirement plane any excess to ensure the deck boards will lie flat. Clamp the deck board in a workbench and saw. Double check that each post is consolidation then secure in place with postcrete. You can skip this section if your decking is not being fixed to a wall. Submit content Finally, if you’d like to add lighting or railings to your decking, you can follow our step by step ‘How to assemble deck railings’ or ‘How to install deck lighting’ guides. Simply measure the height and depth of the gap and screw the timber into the step riser with two screws at either end. Once the joist is in place, secure the final 30mm screws to the joist hangers. This covers everything from how many boards you'll need to what design you should arrange them in. Mark on the frame where the centre of the remaining support posts will be positioned and repeat the process of marking and drilling the countersunk holes. Wherever there is an edge to the frame which is exposed & visible you should look to attach your decking boards. Notched (or rebated) deck posts have had a section of the post removed in order that it butts up to the steps better. DIY fitters should follow these steps when setting their footing –. Follow our gradual guide to make your own sandpit using deck boards – a great way to use balance boards. Secure the joist in your workbench and attach a joist hanger to each end using 30mm part screws. When the lines are perfectly level and square, mark the position of the string on each crosspiece with a pencil. Drill the pilot holes before securing with 64mm decking screws. For help on cutting deck boards, head to the 'How to cut deck boards' section of our article 'How to build a basic, ground-level deck'. Position them immediately beneath the joists of the sub-frame. It’s recommended that you read these before you start construction. Guest post by Our example is of a deck that is:. Put the centre post into position, clamp in place and secure as you did the other posts. To create this gap, make a spacer from a few stainless steel washers - they should measure a minimum of 10mm when fitted unneurotic. To prepare your support joists, measure the distance between the central support joist and the outer frame and cut sections to length. Ideally the holes need to be about 300mm in length at the top and 400mm at the bottom. Attach with two coach screws using a socket set with ratchet handle. For more on the different deck board arrangements, head back to our planning article. Block off the area around it by positioning joist off-cuts between the inner joists (secured either end with two coach screws). Measure the lattice panel (within the frame) and cut a section of fine wire mesh with wire cutters to fit. It gives the structure a solid footing which is incredibly strong & durable. Repeat this process until all the noggings are in position. Repeat for the other 3 corners. You don’t have to dig them up, simply build your deck around them. Draw a line down the centre of the nogging’s position on both of the joists it will join to. Alternatively, you could build a sandpit into your actual decking space (pictured). If it is a tree, leave enough space for its trunk to thicken and for it to sway in the wind. Measure out the site according to your plan and hammer a peg into each of the four corners. To secure the joist to an unexposed side of the frame, drill a skewed pilot hole on either side before skewing the screws into position. Then, from the first 50mm line, measure out and mark lines at 600mm intervals down the length of the board. It can be added to your deck at any time, though it will unremarkably need thorough thought in order to fit with the other elements of your deck. We're also attaching a wire mesh behind the lattice in our step-by-step advice below, as this helps prevent garden debris and animals from getting under the deck. Measure 100mm in from one end and mark the wood and, using a set square to ensure a straight line, draw a vertical line down from your mark. Once this is done, secure the five new posts with postcrete. If glade turf, use an edger to cut into the lawn (it provides a clean, straight cut) and remove the grass with a spade. Measure and mark out the deck area using pegs and string line. You should incorporate a 5mm increase gap between each board (as timber expands and contracts reported to outdoor temperatures). Repeat this so the centre post is sandwiched between two sections of the support frame. Submit your content Smooth down any rough or cut edges with sandpaper and treat with an end grain preserver.